The invention relates to a pack, in particular for sensitive material
wound to a roll on a rigid core, having a width between wide limits, comprising
a stiff circular-cylindrical tube with closing means which are disposed at right
angles to the central axis, and at least one of which is detachably fixed, both
closing means of each pack being provided with centering means for the core of
the roll, such that the wound roll material in all positions of the pack is exclusively
carried by the core on the centering means and nowhere along its circumference
touches the pack.
Packs of the type described above are known from the French Patent
Specification 2,244,361. It is therefore surprising that it is still a regular
occurrence for rolls of wound sensitive material for transport and/or storage to
be even less efficiently packed than with the known simple tubes. Although the
invention is not expressly limited to it, the commonly used pack for rolls of light-sensitive
photosetting material will be discussed as an example. The manufacturer packs the
rolls individually in lightproof and moisture-proof film and places this unit in
a cardboard box. When it arrives at the user's, the pack must be opened and the
film removed in complete darkness, and the roll must then be placed in the photosetting
machine. It is then found that the roll cannot be placed in the photosetting machine
because the roll and core have become oval during transportation and/or storage,
or the material on the roll is damaged, in particular at the corner edges, so that
the photosetting machine refuses to work or the results is poor type-setting,
inter alia because the material is damaged or is not flat. It is known per se to
place the rolls in lightproof cassettes at the manufacturer's, to send them, and
then to place the complete cassette in the photosetting machine. These cassettes
are, however, relatively expensive. Another disadvantage is that many types and
sizes of photosetting machines are used in practice, using rolls of material with
roll widths and material web varying between about 5 and 125 cm and more. The diameter
of the rolls for the majority of the photosetting machines is about 15 cm or less.
With this great diversity occurring in practice, the cassette system is therefore
not flexible enough.
It follows from the above that there is, surprisingly, a need for
packs for fragile rolls of wound, sensitive material which can be adapted in a
flexible way to the various known and future sizes, and which are preferably so
simple that they can be regarded as disposable packs. They must also be easier
to use for the manufacturer and the user.
The object of the invention is then to produce a suitable pack with
which the above-described disadvantages are avoided and the envisaged objective
According to the invention, the pack described in the preamble is
to this end characterized in that:
- the length of the tube is substantially equal to the width of the material wound
into the roll for which the pack concerned is intended to be used,
- at each end a stiff end ring is fixed in clamping fashion over the end edge of
- as closing means a closed bottom is or can be fastened to the end ring,
- when assembled, the centering means for the core of the roll are formed by a
cylindrical tongue, projecting inwardly from each bottom, and running concentrically
with the central axis of the tube, and which is of such external diameter and length
that it fits with slight clearance into cavities in the ends of the core and, when
the pack is closed, projects into the cavities over a distance of about a few
What is essential in the above-described pack is the fact that the
roll of material is supported only via the core on which the material is wound,
by the tongues which project at both ends in the central axis into the tube. Consequently,
whatever the position of the pack, the periphery of the roll cannot anywhere come
into contact with the inside of the tube and thereby be damaged. Since the roll
is always supported in the centre of the pack, the end faces of the roll cannot
be damaged either through contact with the bottoms, since they are always parallel
to each other.
By taking as the starting material commercially available, for example
cardboard, tubes of sturdy quality which are provided with a moisture-resistant
layer, ends cut off as desired to the correct length of the tube can be produced
and adapted to the width of the roll of wound material to be packed. This greatly
simplifies the purchase and stocking of the base material. In many cases tubes
with an internal diameter of about 16 cm will be sufficient, while consideration
can be given to use packs adapted in diameter only in the case of large orders
for rolls with smaller diameter. The most common widths of rolls between 10 cm
and 125 cm can therefore easily be spanned using the purchased tubes with a length
of a few metres. Thanks to the limitation of the tubes used to one diameter and,
by way of exception, a second diameter, the variety of end rings and bottoms can
also be limited, so that both die costs and manufacturing costs, but also stocks,
can also be limited. The same end rings and the same bottoms can be used for packs
of all desired lengths. Of course, the end rings are fastened in clamping fashion
- and thus lightproof and moisture-proof - over the end edges of the tube.
The cores used need only have cavities at each end which fit over
the tongues. In general, a rigid cardboard tube is used for the cores, but any
type of core is possible, even a solid one, provided that the above-mentioned cavities
are present in each end. The roll is supported in the pack by means of the tongues
inserted into said cavities.
In order to ensure that the cutting of each tube to the correct length
from the long rolls of tubular base material is not too critical, and thus to permit
a wide tolerance, it is advantageous according to a preferred embodiment of the
invention for each tongue to have placed around it a thin, elastic, annular disc,
for example of foamed plastic, which lies between the inside of the bottom and
the end face of the wound roll when the pack is closed. The axial confinement of
the roll between the thin annular discs of foamed plastic means that length tolerances
of the tubes and thus of the assembled packs can easily be spanned. It also prevents
the rolls from being able to move to and fro in the axial direction in the packs.
Of course, the chance of damage to the rolls is small, but taking away this risk
entirely is an advantage. Inadmissible telescoping of the roll is also prevented.
It has already been mentioned that the tube is provided with an end
ring rigidly attached thereto, because it is practically impossible to fix a detachable
bottom directly on a tube of, for example, cardboard material. Since the pack has
to be closed when a roll is placed in it, and it must be possible to open it again
in complete darkness at the user's, it is advantageous for at least one of the
bottoms to be in the form of a cover, and such that it can be fitted by means of
a detachable connection, such as a screw thread or bayonet connection, over the
appropriate end ring, which is provided with corresponding connecting means. It
is clear that both ends of the tube can be closed in this way with a cover. The
use of the end ring/cover combination makes for much greater user-friendliness,
because full opening and closing are greatly simplified. If desired, a safety closure
which is known per se can be fitted by the manufacturer to lock the tightened cover
relative to the end ring. Only when the said safety closure is broken can the
user loosen the cover.
However, in a number of cases it is sufficient if only one detachable
cover is used, so that the other end of the tube is permanently closed. For this,
according to another preferred embodiment, the said bottom is permanently fixed
to the end ring concerned. The said bottom with the central tongue can be integral
here with the said end ring, but it is also possible to attach the bottom to the
end ring, for example by welding or gluing.
A number of other advantageous embodiments are mentioned in the sub-claims
and discussed in the description with reference to the figures below.
In the case where one or both covers have a bayonet closure which
always has a small number of discrete closing positions, for example at 45 or 90
or 180 degrees, a preferred embodiment is characterized in that the end cover has
an octagonal periphery, and the fitting of the end ring and/or the closed end cover
is such that the faces of the octagon at each end of the tube lie in corresponding
cylinder faces. This makes it possible for the packs to be stackable, and they
cannot roll. If the detachable connection were to be provided with screw thread,
the octagonal design would also be usable in theory, particularly if a multiplex
thread with steep pitch is used, but it is generally known that a bayonet connection
is preferable in order to achieve the desired correct alignment of the two octagons
relative to each other. Besides, a bayonet connection is easier to use than a screw-thread
connection. It can further be pointed out that hexagonal covers can also be used.
However, it is preferable to have the central axis of the roll in a horizontal
position during both transport and long-term storage. A horizontal stacking of
the tubes with hexagons is possible, but this has the disadvantage that such stackings
have to be confined sideways because, owing to their weight, they have a tendency
to push each other apart. Octagonal, or possibly square, end covers do not give
this problem when stacked, and they are therefore preferable.
Since the tongues are relatively large in volume, they will preferably
be hollow on the inside. In this case, according to a preferred embodiment, this
cavity can be connected by means of screened openings to the inside of the tube,
the cavity in the region of the end face of the end cover being fully closable,
so that, for example, a drying agent such as silica gel can be placed in the cavity.
It has already been mentioned earlier that the pack according to
the invention is usable generally, but when it is used for the transportation and
the storage of, for example, rolls of light-sensitive photosetting material, an
attractive process for filling of the packs in complete darkness is characterized
- two detachable end covers are placed open side up on a horizontal surface,
- the end rings with bayonet or screw thread are secured on the covers,
- an elastic ring disc is placed around the tongue of each cover,
- one of the combined cover/end ring/ring disc assemblies is placed on a horizontal
surface with at least one of the side faces of the cover resting against one or
more vertical stop faces positioned at an angle,
- a wound roll is placed around the tongue on this combined cover/end ring/ring
- the tube, of the right length, is lowered in the vertical po sition over the
wound roll and is then positioned on the ring,
- the second combined cover/end ring/ring disc assembly with the tongue downwards
is positioned on the tube with at least one of the side faces of the cover against
the vertically placed stop faces(s),
- the whole pack is assembled by means of one vertical downward movement (ram),
in which the end edges of the tube are pressed completely into the corresponding
grooves of the end rings.
Since the tube according to this process is already pre-assembled
and closed on one side, the pack can be made by the above-mentioned small number
of simple actions. This is, of course, of additional benefit if one has to work
in complete darkness.
Naturally, the material to be used for the tube, the end rings and
the covers must be neutral and inert relative to the product to be packed.
The pack will be explained in greater detail by the description which
follows with reference to the attached figures of embodiments of the pack according
to the invention.
- Fig. 1 shows a part of a lengthwise section of the pack according to the invention,
filled with a material wound to a roll on a core;
- Fig. 2 shows a bottom view of an end ring according to Fig. 3;
- Fig. 3 shows a cross section along the line III-III of Fig. 2;
- Fig. 4 shows a bottom view of a closing cover for mating with the end ring
according to Figs. 2 and 3;
- Fig. 5 shows a cross section along the line V-V of Fig. 4;
- Fig. 6 shows partially in section a detail along the line VI-VI of Fig. 4.
A pack according to the invention is indicated in its entirety by
1. It is for the safe packing and storage of a sensitive material, for example light-sensitive
photosetting material, wound to a roll 2. The roll 2 is wound in a large number
of layers 4 onto a rigid core 3 which can be made of, for example, rigid cardboard
or plastic. Fig. 1 shows the core as a hollow tube, but it can also be solid and
have cavities disposed at both ends, a subject which will be reverted to later.
After manufacture, packing, despatch and possible storage, such a roll is taken
out of the pack at the user's and placed in, for example, a photosetting machine.
The material is for this purpose wound tightly and accurately onto the core, so
that the end faces 5 lie completely flat and at right angles to the central axis
of the roll, while the outside surface 6 is also completely smooth and virtually
circular. The object of the pack is safe transportation and storage of the sensitive
material, so that, despite rough transport, it arrives undamaged at the user's,
combined with ease of use. To this end, the pack is formed by a tube 7 of rigid
material which is suitable for the purpose, such as coated cardboard or plastic.
The roundness of the tube 7 is to a great degree favourably affected by the closing
means on both ends which will be discussed later on, so that the wall thickness
of the tubular material 7 can be relatively low, but is sufficient to take knocks
during transportation without ever touching the outide surface 6 of the roll. For
this, there is a wide gap between the outside surface 6 of the roll and the inside
surface of the tube 7. The length of the tube 7 is substantially equal to that
of the roll and thus the width of the material wound to a roll.
An end ring 8 is disposed at each end of the tube 7, as shown in
Figs. 2 and 3. This end ring 8 has an annular groove 9, which is surrounded on
either side by circular walls 10 on the inside and 11 on the outside. The groove
9 is of the same diameter and width as the diameter and wall thickness of the tube
7, so that the end ring 8 with its groove 9 can be pushed over the end of the tube
7. The dimensioning is such that the end ring must be pushed with force over the
end of the tube 7, so that the connection is tight, both against moisture and against
light. Since, once mounted, an end ring must not be too easy to remove from the
tube, it can be provided with a number of wedges 12 which project over the periphery
in the groove 9, and which are shaped in such a way that the tube can be easily
pushed over them during fitting, but that removal is hampered because the wedges
12 become stuck in the tube material. It will be clear to the expert that, instead
of a number of invididual wedges 12 mounted on the inside of the tube, it is also
possible to use alternately placed wedges, or for example circular barb-type ribs.
The inside wall of the end ring is of such material thickness that the inside surface
14 remains sufficiently far away from a packed roll of material, as Fig. 1 shows.
As Fig. 3 shows, the inlet sides of the groove 9 can both be rounded and provided
with a locator, so that the fitting of the tube 7 in the groove 9 is facilitated.
A concentric groove 15, whose function will be discussed later on, is provided
opposite the groove 9, thus at the free end of an end ring 8 provided on a tube
Since it is necessary to be able to close and open the pack, at least
one of the closing means has to be detachable. The other can remain closed. According
to a preferred embodiment not shown, the end ring 8 shown in Fig. 3 can be provided
with a welded-on or, for example, glued-on bottom, which is schematically indicated
by 16. In such an embodiment the end ring 8 also forms a totally permanent closure
on that side of the tube 7. The bottom 16 has on the inside a tongue 28, as will
be explained in greater detail below.
Figs. 4, 5 and 6 show a detachable closure of the type which has
to be used on at least one end of the tube 7. The detachable cover 20 comprises
a bottom 26, which is provided with a circular, upright edge 21. The latter slides
over the external surface of the end ring 8. A tongue 28 with a cylindrical periphery
29 projects upwards from the bottom 26 in the cover, concentrically with the central
axis, so that when the cover is fitted on the tube said tongue projects over some
distance concentrically with the central axis in the tube 7. The external surface
of the tongue 28 is of such length and diameter that it carries the core of the
wound roll of material and thus prevents the external surface of the material
6 from ever touching the tube 7. In order to facilitate fitting, the tongue 28
is provided with a locator 30. It has already been said earlier that the core 3
of the roll 2 must have a sufficiently large cavity at least on both ends for it
to be capable of taking the tongue 28.
According to the preferred embodiment shown, the fastening of the
detachable cover 20 on the end ring 8 concerned takes place by means of a bayonet
closure, a fourfold one. For this, according to Figs. 2 and 3, the end rings are
provided with four cams 13 projecting outwards and evenly distributed over the periphery.
These have to mate with the elbow-shaped bayonet slots 22 which are provided in
the circular wall 21 of the cover 20, and which are formed in the usual way and
provided with a raised part to prevent undesirable opening when locked. The bayonet
slots 22 are shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6, while one of the cams 13 is shown in the
locked position by dotted lines in Fig. 6. A circular, concentric ridge 27 corresponding
to the annular groove 15 in the front face of the end ring 8 is shown in Figs.
4 and 5 and fits tightly into the groove 15. Its purpose is further to improve
the tightness to moisture and light. It is also possible to lay an O-ring of an
elastic material on the bottom of the groove 15, on which in the locked state the
ridge 27 presses to give a further improvement of the tightness.
It can also be seen in Figs. 4, 5 and 6 that the essentially circular
cover 20 is provided along its periphery with eight flat faces 32, 33, 34 which
all form an angle of 45 degrees with each other. With a view to correct functioning
and good manufacture of the bayonet slots 20, and in order to save material, the
corners between the flat faces 32, 33 and 34 are provided with a cavity 24, which
at 25 is closed by the bottom 26. This makes it difficult for dirt to enter the
cavities 24. The walls of the corners are indicated by 23, as can also be seen from
the section shown in Fig. 6.
If only one of the end closures of the pack is provided with a detachable
cover according to Figs. 4, 5 and 6, the position of the cover 32 and of the end
ring 8 relative to the tube does not matter. If, however, both ends of the tube
7 are provided with an end cover 20 with flat sides, then it is necessary for both
end rings 8 to be fitted in such a position relative to each other on the tube
7 that, after fitting, i.e. after counterrotation relative to the tube to lock
the bayonet closure, the two covers come to rest with their flat faces 32, 33,
34 in corresponding faces. This means that a pack in the horizontal position will
not roll away, and that packs can be safely stacked.
In order to prevent a roll 2 enclosed in the pack from being able
to slide to some extent to and fro lengthwise in the tube, thus possibly causing
damage to the end faces 5, the two bottoms 16 or 26 are each provided on the inside
with an insert disc 40, made of an elastic material, such as foamed plastic. The
already-men tioned possibility of damage to the end faces 5 of the rolls is not
only prevented here, but the tolerance with which the tubes 7 are cut off from
the long rolls of material supplied becomes less critical, while the greatly feared
telescoping of a wound roll of sensitive material is also prevented.
to save material, the tongue 28 can be made internally hollow. It
is, however, then possible to provide the walls 29 and 30 of the tongue 28 with
screened openings, which are connected to the inside of the tube. If the cavity
31 of the tongue 28 is made now closable on the open side (not shown), it is possible
to place, for example, a drying agent such as silica gel in the cavity.