PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0390236 08.11.1990
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0390236
Titel Vorrichtung zum Wägen freifliessenden oder streubaren festen Materials, insbesondere Granulat oder Puder, während des Durchfliessens.
Anmelder Roxell N.V., Maldegem, BE
Erfinder Deyne, Jacques Robert ALbert de, B-9990 Maldegem, BE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 22.02.1990
EP-Aktenzeichen 902004316
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 03.10.1990
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 08.11.1990
IPC-Hauptklasse G01G 13/28
IPC-Nebenklasse G01G 13/30   B01F 17/52   

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a device for weighing free-flowing or strewable solid material, in particular granular or powdered material, during throughflow.

Such devices are known. A certain type works on the balance principle. One balance arm has fitted on it a pan which can be tilted in a vertical plane, and which contains a partition dividing the pan into two compartments lying adjacent to each other. The tilting point of the pan lies on the balance arm and below the centre of gravity of the pan. A weight is fitted on the other balance arm. For weighing, one of the compartments is filled with the material to be weighed. In order to prevent the pan from tilting under the influence of the torque exerted by the material in the compartment in question, provision is made above the pan for a fixed retaining element, against which the partition rests during filling of the compartment. When so much material has been placed in the compartment that the balance arm at the pan side tips, the pan moves down so far that the partition is no longer held by the retaining element. The pan then tilts in the direction of the filled compartment, while the other compartment comes to rest below the material infeed, and the filled compartment is emptied. The balance arm then turns back again under the influence of the weight on the other balance arm, and the pan then goes up again, while the partition comes to rest again against the retaining element, but towards the other side now. The other compartment is then filled, and the cycle is repeated. The filled weight of each compartment can be set using the weight on the other balance arm.

The disadvantage of this system is that it has a number of mechanical transmissions, which means that the accuracy of the weighing leaves something to be desired, certainly if the device is being used in a very dusty environment, causing heavy pollution of the moving parts.

There are also electronic weighing systems which are accurate, but they are very expensive.

The object of the invention is then to produce a weighing device which, on the one hand, is very accurate and can be used in a very dusty environment without this having an adverse effect on the accuracy of the weighing, and which, on the other, is of a simple and relatively cheap design.

This object is achieved according to claim 1.

The device according to the invention has no, or virtually no, moving parts apart from the rotor, which only carries out a rotary movement about its axis, so that the accuracy of the weighing is not affected by pollution of these moving parts. With the device according to the invention it is possible to achieve great accuracy of weighing through the fact that the quantity by weight of material going into one of the compartments each time is determined only by the maximum magnitude of the retaining force exerted by the retaining means on the rotor, and said retaining force can be adjustable and is also constant as regards time. Moreover, the design of the device according to the invention is simple and therefore relatively cheap.

The retaining means comprise a magnetic system which supplies the retaining force and expediently has at least one permanent magnet fixed relative to the axis of rotation of the rotor, or mounted on the rotor, and also another magnetic or magnetizable element which is mounted on the rotor or fixed relative to the axis of rotation of the rotor, and which is always a distance from the permanent magnet. The retaining force here is determined by the magnetic force exerted on the other element by this at least one permanent magnet. The maximum magnitude of the retaining force is thus determined by the maximum magnitude of the magnetic force exerted on the other element by the at least one magnet. Since there is no contact at all between the at least one permanent magnet and the other magnetic or magnetizable element, no friction and/or wear occurs either, which benefits the accuracy of the weighing. Modern permanent magnets have a very constant magnetic field in terms of time, so that if such magnets are used, the magnetic force exerted can also be very constant in terms of time.

Preferred embodiments of the device according to the invention are described in the sub-claims and are described in the example of an embodiment below with reference to the drawing, in which:

  • Fig. 1 is a schematic view in perspective of a specific embodiment of the device according to the invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a schematic view in cross-section of the device of Fig. 1 along the line II-II;
  • Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the device of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction of the arrow III;
  • Fig. 4 is a schematic side view of the device of Fig. 1, viewed in the direction of the arrow IV;
  • Fig 5 is a schematic view of a particular embodiment of the retaining means with permanent magnet for the rotor of the device of Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 6 shows a part of the system of Fig. 5, in which the working of the magnets is indicated; and
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic view in cross-section of another embodiment of the device according to the invention.

The device according to the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 4 comprises a housing 1 which is provided at the top with a feed aperture 2 for the material to be weighed, and is provided at the bottom side with a discharge aperture 3 for the weighed material. Apart from the material feed aperture 2 and the material discharge aperture 3, the housing 1 is closed all the way round. Inside the housing is a rotor 5 which can rotate freely about a fixed, essentially horizontal axis of rotation 4. The rotor 5 has a part in the form of a blade wheel 6 with four blades 7 extending essentially from the axis of rotation in the radial direction and parallel to the axis of rotation 4. The blades 7, together with two end plates 8 and 9 which are fitted at both sides of the blade wheel 6 and which lie at right angles to the axis of rotation of the rotor and are connected to the side edges of the blades 7, form four compartments 10. The blades 7 are positioned at an angle of 90° relative to each other, so that the compartments cover a sector of 90°. The blade wheel is fitted in the housing 1 on a shaft 11, which is supported by means of bearings 12 and 13 in the front and rear wall 14 and 15 respectively of the housing 1. The shaft 11 projects through the front wall 14 of the housing 1 at the bearing 13.

A disc 17 is fitted on the part 16 of the shaft 11 projecting beyond the housing and is fixed to the shaft part 16. As will be explained in further detail below, the disc 17 is used for positioning the rotor 5, and in particular the blade wheel 6 of the rotor, in the direction of rotation.

The device is provided with retaining means which are designed so that they exert a retaining force of a predetermined maximum magnitude on the rotor 5 in a direction opposite to the direction of rotation of the rotor 5. The direction of rotation of the rotor is indicated in the figures by the arrows 18. These retaining means comprise four first permanent magnets 20 fitted on a plate 19 fixed to the housing 1 and positioned at right angles to the axis of rotation of the rotor, and four second permanent magnets 21 fitted on the disc 17 of the rotor 5. The first permanent magnets 20 and the second permanent magnets 21 lie on circles of differing diameters which are concentric relative to the axis of rotation 4 of the rotor. The diameters of the circles on which the first and second permanent magnets 20, 21 lie are such that the second permanent magnets 21 can move close up along the first permanent magnets 20. The first permanent magnets 20 lie at an angular distance of 90° from each other, like the second permanent magnets 21. This design means that the rotor is retained with a specific retaining force in four positions in the direction of rotation. The retaining force is determined by the force which the first and second magnets exert on each other. This force depends on different factors, such as the strength of the magnets and the distance between the first and second magnets 20, 21.

In the direction of rotation of the rotor 5 the position of the disc 17 with the second permanent magnets 21 relative to the blade wheel 6 is such that in the four more or less fixed positions of the rotor determined by the magnets 20 and 21 one of the compartments 10 of the blade wheel 6 lies below the material feed aperture 2, while an upward-extending blade 7 of the blade wheel lies with its outside edge in the direction of rotation of the rotor in front of a material guide plate 22 (see Fig. 2) fitted in the material feed aperture 2. The first and second magnets 20, 21 are preferably set up in such a way that they repel each other. It is, however, also possible to set up the magnets 20 and 21 in such a way that they attract each other. It is even possible to replace either the magnets 20 or the magnets 21 by a block of iron or other material which is attracted by a magnet.

Four cams 23, which on rotation of the rotor 5 operate a fixed electric switch 24, are fitted on the outer periphery of the disc 17 (see Fig. 3). In this way the number of quarter turns of the rotor can be detected and recorded.

The device is also provided with locking means for locking the rotor in a particular position. These locking means comprise a pin 25 which is movable to and fro in the axial direction of the rotor, and which in the locking position can fall into one of four apertures 26 provided in the disc 17. The pin 25 is moved to and fro by an electromagnet 27 fitted on the plate 19. The disc 17, the plate 19, the magnets 20 and 21, the electric switch 24 and the electromagnet 27 are accommodated outside the housing 1 of the device in a closed cabinet 28, which means that they are protected from dust and dirt. In order to prevent dust from coming out of the housing 1 through the bearings 12 and 13, and in particular through the bearing 13, and penetrating the cabinet 28, the bearings 12 and 13 are made dustproof.

The device works as follows: In the position of the blade wheel 6 shown in Fig. 2, material to be weighed is fed through the material feed aperture 2 into the compartment 10 lying below the feed aperture (arrows 29). The material comes to rest on the blade extending to the left shown in Fig. 2. Through the weight of the material, the rotor has the tendency to rotate anticlockwise, in the direction of the arrow 18. This is, however, prevented by the retaining means in the form of the first and second magnets 20 and 21, which ensure that the blade wheel 6 remains in the position shown in Fig. 2. At a given point in time the quantity by weight of material in the compartment 10 lying below the material feed aperture 2 is so great that the torque exerted by said material on the rotor is so great that the retaining force exerted by the magnets 20 and 21 is overcome. The magnets 20 and 21 are no longer capable of retaining the rotor, and the rotor turns in the direction of the arrow 18. It will be clear that at the moment at which the rotor turns further the weight of the material in the compartments is closely related to the maximum magnitude of the retaining force exerted by the magnets. When the rotor starts to turn, the locking pin is taken into the locking position by the electromagnet 25, so that after a rotation of the rotor through 90° the movement of the rotor is stopped through the locking pin falling into one of the apertures 26 in the disc 17. During the rotation of the rotor through 90°, one of the cams 23 has passed the electric switch 24 and has operated the switch 24. As a result, the switch 24 has sent a pulse-type signal which can be recorded elsewhere.

When the blade wheel has rotated through 90° the material present in the filled compartment falls out of said compartment again and is discharged through the discharge aperture 3 (arrow 30). At the same time the next compartment 10 has stopped below the material feed aperture 2, so that this compartment can now be filled with the material to be weighed.

Immediately after the rotor has been brought to a standstill by the locking pin 25, in the position shown in Fig. 2, the locking pin 25 is taken into the unlocking position again by the electromagnet 27, so that the rotor 5, and in particular the blade wheel 6, is freely rotatable again. The device is now ready for the next weighing cycle.

The weighing is very accurate, since the weight of the material in a compartment 10 is the only determining factor for the rotor 5 to turn further. The weight of the rotor 5 does not affect the weighing, since the rotor is in principle balanced. The net weight of the material is the only determining factor, and there is no tare weight, as in conventional weighing devices. Should a certain imbalance occur in the rotor, possibly due to material adhering to the rotor, its effect is completely destroyed after a rotation of the rotor through 360°.

If the magnets 20 and 21 are set up in such a way that they repel each other, after the maximum filling weight in a compartment 10 is reached the rotor 5 will very quickly rotate further, since immediately after the magnets 21 on the disc 19 have passed the magnets 20 the rotor 5 is subjected to an additional force in the direction of rotation, which is the result of the repelling action of the magnets 20 and 21. A rapid turning further of the rotor 5 is beneficial for the accuracy of weighing. The accuracy of weighing is even further increased by the fact that at the moment when the rotor turns further the upward-extending blade lies precisely opposite the material guide place 22 in material feed aperture 2.

A curved guide plate 31 is fitted inside the housing, in order to ensure that at the moment when such a weight of material is present in the compartment to be filled that the blade wheel has the tendency to turn further the centre of gravity of the material in the compartment always lies in the same place, so that the torque exerted by the material on the rotor is then also the same. Said guide plate 31 extends parallel to the axis of rotation 4 of the rotor and near the material feed aperture 2 is connected, pivoting about an axis 32, to the housing 1. At the bottom side the guide plate 31 is provided with a pin 33 which projects with play through an aperture in the housing 1 and outside the housing is provided with a stop 34. Under the influence of its own weight, the guide plate 31 will have the tendency to move in the direction of the axis 4 of the rotor. This movement is limited by the stop 34, which comes to rest against the wall 35 of the housing 1. In the direction from the axis of rotation 4 of the rotor, the guide plate 31 can be moved freely to the position in which the guide plate 31 comes to rest against the wall 35 on the inside of the housing. In the position in which the stop 34 is resting against the wall 35 of the housing on the outside, the plane of the guide plate 31 lies just outside the cylindrical face in which the outermost edges 36 of the blades 7 are situated. This means that the blades 7 never come into contact with the guide plate 31. The material in the compartment 10 to be filled does come to rest against the guide plate 31, so that the material in the compartment 10 has a more or less fixed boundary face on the outside, and as soon as the rotor 5 turns further the centre of gravity of the material in a filled compartment 10 always lies the same distance away from the rotor 5.

In order to prevent the blade wheel 6 from turning back in the opposite direction to the direction of the arrow 18 after the blade wheel 6 has rotated further and the blade wheel 6 has been released by the locking pin 25, the housing contains a flexible check lip 37 which extends upwards at an angle inside the cylinder face in which the outside edges of the blades 7 are situated. During the further turning of the rotor the force exerted on the blade wheel 6 by the check lip 37 will only be small while, on the other hand, if the blade wheel 6 is tending to turn back, the blade wheel 6 is retained by the check lip 37 through the fact that a blade 7 comes to rest against the free end of the check lip 37.

Fig. 5 shows schematically a magnetic system to be used for retaining the rotor, having four fixed permanent magnets 20 and four permanent magnets 21 connected to the rotor 5. The retaining force is always supplied by four pairs of magnets. In this way the retaining force can be very constant. Besides, the retaining force can be set simply and accurately by changing the position of only one of the magnets 20.

Fig. 6 shows the operation of two magnets 20 and 21 of the magnetic system shown in Fig. 5 which repel each other. If the rotor is rotating in the direction of the arrow 18, the rotor will be retained in the position shown by solid lines by the repelling action of the magnets 20 and 21. This repelling force has a maximum magnitude. When this force is overcome under the influence of a specific weight of material in a compartment of the rotor 5, the rotor will turn further in the direction of the arrow 18. The magnet 21 goes into the position shown by dotted lines, on the other side of the magnet 20. The repelling action of the magnets 20 and 21 ensures that the rotor 5 is subjected to an additional force in the direction of rotation 18, as a result of which the rotor 5 will rotate further very fast.

The calibration of the weighing device can be very simple. During fitting all devices are put at the same settings. The user measures for a particular type of material the weight of the material put through it after a particular number of rotations (strokes) of the rotor (for example, 10 rotations). This provides the weight of the material in a compartment at the moment when the rotor turns further. This figure can then be used further, for example fed into a computer.

Fig. 7 shows very schematically a possible other embodiment of a device according to the invention. Here the rotor comprises a pan 42 which is tiltable about an axis 41 and is provided with a partition 43. Two compartments 44 and 45 are formed in this way. A material feed aperture 46 is fitted above the pan. On the bottom side the compartments 44 and 45 are provided with material discharge apertures 47 and 48. The pan 42 in principle has two positions, i.e. tilted to the left or tilted to the right. When the pan 42 is tilted to the left, the compartment 44 can be filled with material to be weighed. At the bottom side the material discharge aperture 47 is shut off by a plate 49 which is hingedly connected to the pan 42. Under the influence of the weight of the material in the compartment 44, the pan 42 will have the tendency to tilt to the right. This tilting movement is blocked by retaining means in the form of magnets, in essentially the same way as that described with reference to the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 6. When the torque exerted by the material in the compartment 44 on the pan 42 overcomes the retaining force exerted by the magnets, the pan 42 will tilt to the right, so that the material discharge aperture 42 is opened and the compartment 45 comes to rest below the material feed aperture 46. The discharge aperture 48 is then shut off by the plate 50. In this position also, a tilting to the left is prevented by retaining means in the form of magnets during filling of the compartment 45.

The advantages of the device described above for weighing powdered or granular material during its throughflow can be summarized as follows:

  • The weighing is very accurate for, inter alia, the following reasons:
    • a) No transmission mechanisms are present, so that the accuracy of the weighing is not affected by friction forces which occur in such transmission mechanisms;
    • b) The weighing mechanism has no reciprocating parts which slide over one another, but is in fact only a rotating rotor which is supported at the shaft, so that the influence of the friction forces (bearing friction) is negligible;
    • c) The rotor is in principle in balance, so that only the product is weighed, and the weight of the rotor plays no role (there is no tare weight as in conventional weighing systems); the influence of any imbalance, for example through material adhering to the rotor, is completely eliminated after a rotation of the rotor through 360°;
    • d) Through the use of a magnetic system, a retaining force is exerted on the rotor without there being any mechanical contact with the rotor;
    • e) With the use of magnets (N-N or Z-Z) which repel each other, after the maximum quantity of material in a compartment is reached the rotor turns further very quickly, due to the repulsion of the magnets;
    • f) When the maximum quantity of material in a compartment is reached, the centre of gravity of the material is accurately positioned (through use of the guide plate).

    The accuracy of weighing which can be achieved is approx. 0.1%. In a device according to the state of the art with a balance arm this accuracy is approx. 2%.

  • The device can be used in very dusty environments, since the weighing mechanism is accommodated in a dustproof and waterproof cabinet. The accuracy of the weighing is not influenced by dust and dirt.
  • The design of the device is simple and relatively cheap.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Vorrichtung zum Wiegen freifließenden oder streufähigen Feststoffmaterials, insbesondere granulat- oder pulverförmigen Materials, während des Durchflusses, bestehend aus:
    • einem Rotor (5), der im wesentlichen frei drehbar um eine im wesentlichen horizontale Drehachse (4;41) ist und, in Drehrichtung gesehen, zumindest zwei benachbarte Abteile (10;44,45) aufweist,
    • einer Einrichtung (2;46) zur Zuführung zu wiegenden Materials zu einem der Abteile (10;44,45) des Rotors (5),
    • einer Einrichtung (3;47,48) zur Abgabe gewogenen Materials aus den Abteilen (10;44,45) des Rotors (5) und
    • einer auf den Rotor (5) wirkenden Halteeinrichtung, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Halteeinrichtung ein Magnetsystem (20,21) umfaßt, durch das auf den Rotor (5) eine Haltekraft von einer vorbestimmten maximalen Große aufbringbar ist, die in der der Drehrichtung (18) des Rotors (5) entgegengesetzten Richtung wirkt.
  2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Magnetsystem zumindest einen Dauermagneten (20 bzw. 21), der in einer festen Position in bezug auf die Drehachse (4,41) des Rotors (5) bzw. am Rotor (5) angebracht ist, und ferner, gepaart mit diesem, ein weiteres Magnet- oder magnetisierbares Element (21 bzw. 20) umfaßt, das am Rotor (5) bzw. vom Rotor weg in einer festen Position in bezug auf die Drehachse (4,41) des Rotors (5) angebracht ist und stets in einem Abstand von Dauermagneten (20 bzw. 21) liegt.
  3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Magnetsystem zumindest einen ersten Dauermagneten (20), der in einer festen Position in bezug auf die Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) angebracht ist, und zumindest einen zweiten Dauermagneten (21) umfaßt, der am Rotor (5) angebracht ist und sich dicht entlang dem zumindest einen ersten Dauermagneten (20) bewegen kann.
  4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der zumindest eine erste (20) und der zumindest eine zweite Magnet (21) derart angeordnet sind, daß sie einander abstoßen.
  5. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Vorrichtung mit einer Verriegelungseinrichtung (25,27) zum Verriegeln des Rotors (5) in einer bestimmten Position versehen ist.
  6. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Vorrichtung mit einem Meßfühler (23,24) zum Feststellen der Anzahl von Umdrehungen des Rotors (5) versehen ist.
  7. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Rotor (5) zumindest einen Teil in der Form eines Schaufelrades (6) mit zumindest zwei Schaufeln (7) umfaßt, die sich nach außen von und parallel zu der Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) erstrecken, zur Bildung der Abteile (10) des Rotors (5) beitragen und, in Drehrichtung (18) des Rotors (5) gesehen, in gleichen Winkelabständen voneinander liegen.
  8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Schaufelrad (6) in einem im wesentlichen geschlossenen Gehäuse (1) aufgenommen ist, das an der Oberseite mit einer Materialzuführungsöffnung (2) und an der Unterseite mit einer Materialabgabeöffnung (3) versehen ist, und das Schaufelrad (6) auf einer Welle (11) angebracht ist, die mit der Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) zusamnenfällt, im Gehäuse (1) auf beiden Seiten des Schaufelrades (6) gelagert ist und an einer Seite aus dem Gehäuse (1) herausragt.
  9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß an dem aus dem Gehäuse herausragenden Teil (16) der Welle (11) eine Scheibe (19) angebracht ist, an der der zumindest eine zweite Dauermagnet (21) angebracht ist.
  10. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Rotor (5) eine Welle (11) besitzt, diese Welle eine auf ihr angebrachte Scheibe (19) aufweist, an der der zumindest eine zweite Dauermagnet (21) angebracht ist, und daß die Anzahl der zweiten Dauermagneten (21) an der Scheibe (19) die gleiche ist wie die Anzahl der Abteile (10) des Rotors (5), die zweiten Dauermagneten (21) mit gleichen Abständen von der Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) liegen und, in Drehrichtung des Rotors (5) gesehen, in gleichen Winkelabständen voneinander liegen.
  11. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Rotor (5) eine Welle (11) besitzt, diese Welle eine auf ihr angebrachte Scheibe (19) aufweist, an der der zumindest eine zweite Dauermagnet (21) angebracht ist, und daß die Anzahl der ersten, ortsfesten Dauermagneten (20) die gleiche ist wie die Anzahl der Abteile (10) des Rotors (5), die ersten Dauermagneten (20) in gleichen Abständen von der Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) liegen und, in Drehrichtung des Rotors (5) gesehen, in gleichen Winkelabständen voneinander liegen.
  12. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Anzahl der ersten, ortsfesten Dauermagneten (20) die gleiche ist wie die Anzahl der zweiten Dauermagneten (21) an der Scheibe (19) und der Winkelabstand zwischen den ersten Dauermagneten (20) gleich dem Winkelabstand zwischen den zweiten Dauermagneten (21) ist.
  13. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Verriegelungseinrichtung einen Stift (25) umfaßt, der durch einen ortsfesten Elektromagneten (27) hin- und herbewegbar ist und in der Schließstellung in eine Verriegelungsöffnung (26) in der Scheibe (19) des Rotors (5) fallt, die Anzahl von Verriegelungsoffnungen (26) in der Scheibe (19) der Anzahl von Abteilen (10) des Rotors (5) entspricht und die Winkelstellung der Verriegelungsoffnungen (26) auf die Winkelstellung der Abteile (10) relativ zu der Welle (11) des Rotors (5) bezogen ist.
  14. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Meßfühler auf dem Umfang der Scheibe (19) des Rotors (5) vorgesehene Nocken (23) und ferner einen ortsfesten Schalter (24) umfaßt, der von den Nocken (23) am Umfang der Scheibe (19) betätigt wird, und daß die Anzahl der Nocken (23) auf der Scheibe (19) der Anzahl von Abteilen (10) des Rotors (5) entspricht und die Stellung der Hocken auf die Stellung der Abteile (10) relativ zur Welle (11) des Rotors (5) bezogen ist.
  15. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Scheibe (19) des Rotors (5), die Halteeinrichtung (20,21), die Verriegelungseinrichtung (25,27) und der Meßfühler (23,24) in einem geschlossenen Kasten (28) untergebracht sind, der an der Außenseite des Gehäuses (1) angebracht ist.
  16. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Abteile (10) des Rotors (5) von sich im wesentlichen radial von und parallel zu der Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) erstreckenden Schaufeln (7) und von Stirnplatten (8,9) gebildet sind, die an den beiden axialen Enden des Schaufelrades (6) angebracht sind, im rechten Winkel zur Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) liegen und mit den Seitenrändern der Schaufeln (7) verbunden sind.
  17. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 16, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gehäuse (1) eine gekrümmte Siebplatte (31) enthalt, die sich parallel zur Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) erstreckt und von der Materialeinführoffnung (2) nach unten in einem Winkel in Drehrichtung (18) des Rotors (5) verläuft, wobei die Fläche der Siebplatte (31) dicht an der Zylinderfläche liegt, in der die außeren Endränder (36) der Schaufeln (7), in radialer Richtung gesehen, gelegen sind.
  18. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 17, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Siebplatte (31) gelenkig an einer Welle (32) angebracht ist, die nahe der Material- einführöffnung (2) liegt und parallel zur Drehachse (4) des Rotors (5) verläuft.
  19. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch geitennzeichnet, daß die Vorrichtung mit einem Sperrelement (37) versehen ist, durch das eine Drehung des Rotors (5) in der der beabsichtigten Drehrichtung (18) des Rotors (5) entgegengesetzten Richtung verhinderbar ist, ohne daß der Rotor (5) durch das Sperrelement während seiner Drehung in der beabsichtigten Drehrichtung (18) behindert ist.
  20. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Sperrelement eine flexible Lippe (37) ist, die an der Wandinnenseite des Gehäuses (1) angebracht ist, in einem Winkel zur Drehachse (18) des Rotors (5) in Drehrichtung (18) des Rotors (5) steht und deren freies Ende sich zur Innenseite der von den äußeren Endrändern (36) der Schaufeln (7) des Rotors (5) gebildeten Zylinderfläche erstreckt.
  21. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Rotor (5) eine Pfanne (42) besitzt, die um die Rotorwelle (41) hin- und hergekippt werden kann und mit einer Trennwand (43) zur Bildung zweier benachbarter Abteile (44,45) versehen ist, die an der Oberseite offen und mit verschließbaren Materialabgabeöffnungen (47,48) am Boden versehen sind.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Device for weighing free-flowing or strewable solid material, in particular granular or powdered material, during throughflow, comprising:
    • a rotor (5) which is essentially freely rotatable about an essentially horizontal axis of rotation (4; 41) and has at least two adjacent compartments (10; 44, 45) viewed in the direction of rotation;
    • means (2; 46) for feeding material to be weighed to one of the compartments (10; 44, 45) of the rotor (5);
    • means (3; 47, 48) for discharging weighed material from the compartments (10; 44, 45) of the rotor (5); and
    • retaining means (20, 21) acting on the rotor (5),
    characterized in that the retaining means comprise a magnetic system (20, 21) which is designed to exert on the rotor (5) a retaining force of a predetermined maximum magnitude acting in the opposite direction to the direction of rotation (18) of the rotor (5).
  2. Device according to Claim 1, characterized in that the magnetic system comprises at least one permanent magnet (20; 21, respectively) which is mounted in a fixed position relative to the axis of rotation (4; 41) of the rotor (5), or on the rotor (5), respectively, and also, mating therewith, another magnetic or magnetizable element (21; 20, respectively) which is mounted on the rotor (5) or off the rotor in a fixed position relative to the axis of rotation (4; 41), the rotor (5), respectively, and which always lies a distance away from the permanent magnet (20; 21, respectively).
  3. Device according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the magnetic system comprises at least one first permanent magnet (20) which is mounted in a fixed position relative to the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5), and at least one second permanent magnet (21) which is mounted on the rotor (5) and which can move close up along the at least one first permanent magnet (20).
  4. Device according to Claim 3, characterized in that the at least one first (20) and the at least one second magnet (21) are arranged in such a way that they repel each other.
  5. Device according to anyone of Claims 1-4, characterized in that the device is provided with locking means (25, 27) for locking the rotor (5) in a particular position.
  6. Device according to anyone of Claims 1-5, characterized in that the device is provided with detection means (23, 24) for detecting the number of rotations of the rotor (5).
  7. Device according to anyone of Claims 1-6, characterized in that the rotor (5) comprises at least one part in the form of a blade wheel (6) with at least two blades (7) which extend outwards from and parallel to the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5), and which help to form the compartments (10) of the rotor (5) and, viewed in the direction of rotation (18) of the rotor (5), lie at equal angular distances from each other.
  8. Device according to Claim 7, characterized in that the blade wheel (6) is accommodated in an essentialy closed housing (1) which is provided at the top side with a material feed aperture (2) and at the bottom side with a material discharge aperture (3), and the blade wheel (6) being mounted on a shaft (11) whose axis coincides with the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5), and which is supported in the housing (1) on either side of the blade wheel (6) and at one side projects outside the housing (1).
  9. Device according to Claim 8, characterized in that the part (16) of the shaft (11) projecting outside the housing has fitted on it a disc (19) on which the at least one second permanent magnet (21) is fitted.
  10. Device according to one of Claims 3-9, characterized in that the rotor (5) has a shaft (11), this shaft having fitted on it a disc (19) on which the at least one second permanent magnet (21) is fitted and that the number of second permanent magnets (21) on the disc (19) is the same as the number of compartments (10) of the rotor (5), and the second permanent magnets (21) lie at equal distances from the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5) and, viewed in the direction of rotation of the rotor (5), lie at equal angular distances from each other.
  11. Device according to one of Claims 3-9, characterized in that the rotor (5) has a shaft (11), this shaft having fitted on it a disc (19) on which the at least one second permanent magnet (21) is fitted and that the number of first, fixed, permanent magnets (20) is the same as the number of compartments (10) of the rotor (5), and the first permanent magnets (20) lie at equal distances from the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5) and, viewed in the direction of rotation of the rotor (5), lie at equal angular distances from each other.
  12. Device according to Claim 10 or 11, characterized in that the number of first, fixed, permanent magnets (20) is the same as the number of second permanent magnets (21) on the disc (19), and the angular distance between the first permanent magnets (20) is equal to the angular distance between the second permanent magnets (21).
  13. Device according to one of Claims 5-12, characterized in that the locking means comprise a pin (25) which is movable to and fro by a fixed electromagnet (27) and which in the locking position falls into a locking aperture (26) in the disc (19) of the rotor (5), and the number of locking apertures (26) in the disc (19) corresponds to the number of compartments (10) of the rotor (5), and the angular position of the locking apertures (26) is related to the angular position of the compartments (10) relative to the shaft (11) of the rotor (5).
  14. Device according to one of Claims 6-13, characterized in that the detection means comprise cams (23) provided on the periphery of the disc (19) of the rotor (5), and also a fixed switch (24) which is operated by the cams (23) on the periphery of the disc (19), and in that the number of cams (23) on the disc (19) corresponds to the number of compartments (10) of the rotor (5), and the position of the cams is related to the position of the compartments (10) relative to the shaft (11) of the rotor (5).
  15. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the disc (19) of the rotor (5), the retaining means (20, 21), the locking means (25, 27) and the detection means (23, 24) are accommodated in a closed cabinet (28) which is fitted on the outside of the housing (1).
  16. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the compartments (10) of the rotor (5) are formed by blades (7) extending essentially radially from and parallel to the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5), and by end plates (8, 9) which are fitted on the two axial ends of the blade wheel (6) and which lie at right angles to the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5) and are connected to the side edges of the blades (7).
  17. Device according to Claim 16, characterized in that the housing (1) contains a curved screening plate (31) extending parallel to the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5) and from the material feed aperture (2) extending downwards at an angle in the direction of rotation (18) of the rotor (5), while the face of the screening plate (31) lies close to the cylinder face in which the outermost end edges (36) of the blades (7), viewed in the radial direction, are situated.
  18. Device according to Claim 17, characterized in that the screening plate (31) is hingedly fitted on a shaft (32) lying near the material feed aperture (2) and extending parallel to the axis of rotation (4) of the rotor (5).
  19. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the device is provided with a check element (37) which is designed to prevent rotation of the rotor (5) in the opposite direction to the intended direction of rotation (18) of the rotor (5), without the rotor (5) being impeded by the check element during rotation in the intended direction of rotation (18).
  20. Device according to Claim 19, characterized in that the check element is a flexible lip (37) which is fitted on the inside wall of the housing (1), standing at an angle towards the axis of rotation (18) of the rotor (5) in the direction of rotation (18) of the rotor (5) and the free end of which extends inside the cylinder face formed by the outermost end eges (36) of the blades (7) of the rotor (5).
  21. Device according to one of Claims 1-7, characterized in that the rotor (5) has a pan (42) which can be tilted to and fro about the rotor shaft (41), and which is provided with a partition (43) for the formation of two adjacent compartments (44, 45) which are open at the top side and are provided with closable material discharge apertures (47, 48) at the bottom.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Dispositif pour peser un matériau solide à écoulement libre ou épandable, en particulier un matériau en grains ou en poudre, pendant l'écoulement, comprenant :

       un rotor (5) qui peut tourner sensiblement librement autour d'un axe de rotation sensiblement horizontal (4;41) et qui comporte au moins deux compartiments adjacents (10;44,45) vus dans le sens de rotation;

       des moyens (2;46) de distribution du matériau à peser vers un des compartiments (10;44,45) du rotor (5) ;

       des moyens (3;47,48) pour évacuer le matériau pesé des compartiments (10;44,45) du rotor (5); et

       des moyens de retenue (20,21) agissant sur le rotor (5)

    caractérisé en ce que les moyens de retenue comprennent un système magnétique (20,21) qui est conçu pour exercer sur le rotor (5) une force de retenue ayant une grandeur maximale prédéterminée et agissant dans le sens opposé au sens de rotation (18) du rotor (5).
  2. Dispositif suivant la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le système magnétique comprend au moins un aimant permanent (20;21,respectivement) qui est monté dans une position fixe par rapport à l'axe de rotation (4;41) du rotor (5), ou sur le rotor (5), respectivement, et également, en coopération avec cet aimant, un autre élément magnétique ou magnétisable (21; 20,respectivement) qui est monté sur le rotor (5) ou en dehors du rotor dans une position fixe par rapport à l'axe de rotation (4;41) du rotor (5), respectivement, et qui se trouve toujours à une certaine distance de l'aimant permanent (20;21, respectivement).
  3. Dispositif suivant la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que le système magnétique comprend au moins un premier aimant permanent (20) qui est monté dans une position fixe par rapport à l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et au moins un deuxième aimant permanent (21) qui est monté sur le rotor (5) et qui peut se rapprocher le long dudit au moins un premier aimant permanent (20).
  4. Dispositif suivant la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que ledit au moins un premier (20) et ledit au moins un deuxième (21) aimants sont agencés de manière telle qu'ils se repoussent mutuellement.
  5. Dispositif suivant l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comporte des moyens de verrouillage (25,27) pour bloquer le rotor (5) dans une position particulière.
  6. Dispositif suivant l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comporte des moyens de détection (23,24) pour détecter le nombre de rotations du rotor (5).
  7. Dispositif suivant l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que le rotor (5) comprend au moins un élément sous la forme d'une roue à palettes (6) comportant au moins deux palettes (7) qui s'étendent vers l'extérieur à partir de l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et parallèlement à cet axe, et qui aident à définir les compartiments (10) du rotor (5) et sont à des distances angulaires égales les unes des autres, vues dans le sens de rotation (18) du rotor (5).
  8. Dispositif suivant la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que la roue à palettes (6) est logée dans un carter sensiblement fermé (1) qui comporte, du côté supérieur, une ouverture d'amenée de matériau (2) et, du côté inférieur, une ouverture de sortie de matériau (3), la roue à palettes (6) étant montée sur un arbre (11) dont l'axe coïncide avec l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et qui est supporté dans le carter (1) de chaque côté de la roue à palettes (6) et qui fait saillie, d'un côté, à l'extérieur du carter (1).
  9. Dispositif suivant la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce qu' un disque (19), sur lequel est monté ledit au moins un deuxième aimant permanent (21), est monté sur la partie (16) de l'arbre (11) qui fait saillie à l'extérieur du carter.
  10. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications 3 à 9, caractérisé en ce que le rotor (5) comporte un arbre (11), cet arbre portant un disque (19) sur lequel est monté ledit au moins un deuxième aimant permanent (21), et en ce que le nombre de deuxièmes aimants permanents (21) sur le disque (19) est le même que le nombre de compartiments (10) du rotor (5), et les deuxièmes aimants permanents (21) sont placés à des distances égales de l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et, vus dans le sens de rotation du rotor (5), ils sont à des distances angulaires égales les uns des autres.
  11. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications 3 à 9, caractérisé en ce que le rotor (5) comporte un arbre (11), cet arbre portant un disque (19) sur lequel est monté ledit au moins un deuxième aimant permanent (21), et en ce que le nombre de premiers aimants permanents fixes (20) est le même que le nombre de compartiments (10) du rotor (5), et les premiers aimants permanents (20) sont placés à égales distances de l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et, vus dans le sens de rotation du rotor (5), ils sont à des distances angulaires égales les uns des autres.
  12. Dispositif suivant la revendication 10 ou 11, caractérisé en ce que le nombre de premiers aimants permanents fixes (20) est le même que le nombre de deuxièmes aimants permanents (21) sur le disque (19), et la distance angulaire entre les premiers aimants permanents (20) est égale à la distance angulaire entre les deuxièmes aimants permanents (21).
  13. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications 5 à 12, caractérisé en ce que les moyens de verrouillage comprennent un doigt (25) qui est déplaçable en va-et-vient par un électro-aimant fixe (27) et qui tombe, dans la position de blocage, dans un trou de verrouillage (26) prévu dans le disque (19) du rotor (5), et le nombre de trous de verrouillage (26) dans le disque (19) correspond au nombre de compartiments (10) du rotor (5), et la position angulaire des trous de verrouillage (26) est liée à la position angulaire des compartiments (10) par rapport à l'arbre (11) du rotor (5).
  14. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications 6 à 13, caractérisé en ce que les moyens de détection comprennent des cames (23) prévues sur la périphérie du disque (19) du rotor (5), et également un contact fixe (24) qui est actionné par les cames (23) prévues sur la périphérie du disque (19), et en ce que le nombre de cames (23) sur le disque (19) correspond au nombre de compartiments (10) du rotor (5), et la position des cames est liée à la position des compartiments (10) par rapport à l'arbre (11) du rotor (5).
  15. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le disque (19) du rotor (5), les moyens de retenue (20,21), les moyens de verrouillage (25,27) et les moyens de détection (23,24) sont logés dans un coffret fermé (28) qui est fixé sur l'extérieur du carter (1).
  16. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que les compartiments (10) du rotor (5) sont définis par des palettes (7) s'étendant sensiblement radialement à partir de l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et parallèlement à celui-ci, et par des plaques d'extrémité (8,9) qui sont fixées sur les deux extrémités axiales de la roue à palettes (6) et qui sont perpendiculaires à l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et sont reliées aux bords latéraux des palettes (7).
  17. Dispositif suivant la revendication 16, caractérisé en ce que le carter (1) contient une plaque de protection courbe (31) parallèle à l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5) et s'étendant vers le bas, à partir de l'ouverture d'amenée de matériau (2), suivant un angle dans le sens de rotation (18) du rotor (5), tandis que la face de la plaque de protection (31) est proche de la face du cylindre dans lequel se trouvent les bords (36) les plus extérieurs des palettes (7), vues dans la direction radiale.
  18. Dispositif suivant la revendication 17, caractérisé en ce que la plaque de protection (31) est montée de façon pivotante sur un arbre (32) placé près de l'ouverture d'amenée de matériau (2) et parallèle à l'axe de rotation (4) du rotor (5).
  19. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif comprend un élément anti-retour (37) qui est conçu pour empêcher la rotation du rotor (5) dans le sens opposé au sens prévu de rotation (18) du rotor (5), sans que l'élément anti-retour gêne le rotor (5) pendant la rotation dans le sens prévu de rotation (18).
  20. Dispositif suivant la revendication 19, caractérisé en ce que l' élément anti-retour est une lèvre flexible (37) qui est fixée sur la paroi intérieure du carter (1) et est inclinée vers l'axe de rotation (18) du rotor (5) dans le sens de rotation (18) du rotor (5), et dont l'extrémité libre s'étend à l'intérieur de l'enveloppe cylindrique définie par les bords les plus extérieurs (36) des palettes (7) du rotor (5).
  21. Dispositif suivant l'une des revendications 1 à 7, caractérisé en ce que le rotor (5) comporte une goulotte (42) qui peut être basculée alternativement autour de l'arbre (41) du rotor et qui est pourvue d'une cloison (43) pour la formation de deux compartiments adjacents (44,45) qui sont ouverts à la partie supérieure et qui présentent des ouvertures obturables (47,48) de sortie du matériau, à la partie inférieure.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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