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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0412048 14.03.1991
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0412048
Titel Verfahren zum Herstellen von Blei und wasserundurchlässigen, unschädlichen Schlacken aus Alt-Batterien.
Anmelder Kensington Ltd., Douglas, Isle of Man, GB
Erfinder Dazzi, Giorgio;
Colombo, Roberto, CH-6906 Lugano, CH
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 21.06.1990
EP-Aktenzeichen 908104599
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.02.1991
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 14.03.1991
IPC-Hauptklasse C22B 13/02

Beschreibung[en]

This invention has as its object a process for recovering pure lead and absolutely lead-free ecological slags, which can be reused as waterproofing, by melting the lead oxide and sulfate of worn-out batteries.

Processes are known for recovery of pure lead by melting the lead oxide and sulfate of worn-out batteries for motor vehicles and other uses.

They generally use carbon and iron as reducing agents.

Although the reaction between carbon and iron is exothermic, the energy balance of said known processes is not very encouraging since on the whole a notable amount of thermal energy is required for the reaction.

A further serious drawback of said known processes consists in the fact that the slags that are obtained from the melting, still contain about 3% of lead and since lead is a poison, they constitute an ecologically unacceptable waste, which creates serious drawbacks when the tons of slags are considered that are produced annually in all the countries of the world.

The process according to the invention completely eliminates the above mentioned drawbacks since it makes it possible to recover all the pure lead present, with notable reduction of the energy used and with slags that are absolutely free of lead and are not toxic of harmful.

Said slags, subsequently treated, can further be used as waterproofing of grounds, avoiding transmission of polluting substances to the water-bearing strata.

Said process is characterized by the use, during melting of the lead bioxide and sulfate, of a catalyst with a base of a carbonate of alkali or alkaline-earth metals and potassium and aluminum silicates.

Calcium carbonate (CaCO&sub3;) is preferred as the carbonate.

From the practical viewpoint, said catalyst is obtained by using white marble (calcium carbonate) sawdust and granite sawdust.

Actually, granite contains: quartz (SiO&sub2;), orthoclase (KAlSi&sub3;O&sub3;) and muscovite: Al&sub3;KH&sub2;(SiO&sub4;)&sub3;.

With the catalyst according to the invention, the separation of the lead is total and the slags are completely free of it, but not only that, but given the presence of silicates in soluble form, they constitute, when further treated, a waterproofing of notable efficiency, which can be used among others, as has already been said, for waterproofing of grounds at the water-bearing strata.

The attached scheme represents the various phases of the process which, among others, makes it possible in a way known in the art to recover the plastic parts and the sulfuric acid solution of said treated batteries.

As can be seen from said scheme, 1 indicates the storage of the worn-out batteries, 2 the mechanical separation of sulfate (3) and of the lead parts 4 constituting the support frames of the active material and the connections of the plates of the batteries. 5 is the separation of the plastic (containers) and separators of the plates; 6, the active solutions.

The lead sulfate obtained: PbSO&sub4;, at a temperature of about 10000, of melting (3), is separated into lead bioxide (PbO&sub2;)(10) and into anhydride SO&sub2; (7) which is an energetic reducing agent.

To the lead bioxide PBO&sub2; (10) and possible sulfate PbSO&sub4; still present there are added (at 11) the marble and granite sawdust and reducing agent (SO&sub2;) (15) coming from 7 and an optional further reducing agent (Fe, C, S, etc.), thus obtaining the totality of Pb (at 16) and slags (12) absolutely free of lead and reusable as ecological waterproofing agents.

The percentage of marble sawdust can be about 2.5-6 % by weight of the PbSO&sub4; to be treated, that of the granite about 1-3 by weight of the PbSO&sub4;.

It is provided that said catalysts can be melting and reducing additives of known type without going outside the scope of protection of the patent.


Anspruch[en]
  • 1. Process for recovering pure lead and absolutely lead-free ecological slags, which can be reused as waterproofing, by melting the lead oxide and sulfate of worn-out batteries, characterized by the use, during melting of the lead bioxide and sulfate, of a catalyst with a base of a carbonate of alkali or alkaline-earth motals and potassium and aluminum silicates.
  • 2. Process according to claim 1, wherein said catalyst has a base of white marble sawdust and granite sawdust.
  • 3. Lead and waterproofing ecological slags successively treated, obtained with the process according to claims 1 and 2.
  • 4. Use of the waterproofing and successively treated slags according to claim 3 for waterproofing of grounds especially at the water-bearing strata, preventing the transmission of polluting substances.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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