PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0208366 29.08.1991
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0208366
Titel Verfahren zur Regelung des Standortes der Webfach-Scheitelinie, Brustbaum und Brustbaumantrieb in Webmaschinen.
Anmelder Picanol N.V., Ieper, BE
Erfinder Vandeweghe, Michel, B-8940 Heuvelland, BE;
Delanghe, Andre, B-8480 Veurne, BE;
Shaw, Henry, B-8982 Woesten-Vleteren, BE;
Vandecandelaere, Marcel, B-8920 Langemark-Poelkapelle, BE;
Pannekoucke, Johan;
Thore, Gabriel, B-8900 Ieper, BE;
Huettl, Eberhard, B-8902 Zillebeke, BE;
Vermeersch, Valere, B-8900 Ieper, BE;
Lampaert, Roger, B-8902 Ieper, BE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 3680398
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, FR, GB, IT, LI, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 26.06.1986
EP-Aktenzeichen 862011228
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.01.1987
EP date of grant 24.07.1991
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.08.1991
IPC-Hauptklasse D03D 49/12
IPC-Nebenklasse D03D 49/04   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a process for regulation of the location of the so-called cloth line in weaving machines, more specifically a process whereby the location of the cloth line formed by the switch from the separate warp threads to the formed fabric can be driven by movement and/or displacement of the breast beam.

It is known that the tension in the warp threads in a weaving process can vary for different reasons. It is also known that, depending on the speed of the machine, the power with which a weft thread is driven between the warp threads by means of a reed can vary. Both these causes lead to the so-called thickening or thinning of the fabric, which is particularly undesirable.

A generally known process attempts to avoid this type of fault by using a back-rest and an adjustable let-off motion. The use of a mobile back-rest whose aim is to even out variations in warp thread tension is generally known. However, small variation in back-rest position has little or no effect on the position of the cloth line. By adjusting the back-rest, it is in fact possible to prevent marks appearing in the fabric. This is explained principally by the fact that a variation in back-rest position is expressed only in the drawing of the warp threads between the back-rest and the cloth line, and not in the fabric, which is only slightly extensible, so that the distance between the cloth line and the breast beam, in other words, the position of the cloth line, remains almost unchanged.

French patent no. 2,505,887 shows how to adjust the position of the breast beam as a function of the speed of the weaving machine. In this process, breast beam displacement is ensured by means of a centrifugal regulator. Although such adjustment offers the advantage of enabling prevention of starting marks in the fabric, it presents the disadvantage of being unable to compensate for variations in warp thread tension and changes in cloth line position during the normal weaving process for whatever reason, so that a weaving fault results.

The invention provides a process and a device that do not present the above disadvantages, or other disadvantages, whereby streaks in the fabric are prevented irrespective of the type of cause that may lead to them.

The present invention relates to a process for the regulation of the location of the so-called cloth line in weaving machines, whereby a a mobile breast beam is used, characterized thereby that during the normal weaving process the location and displacement of the cloth line and/or of the breast beam are continuously detected; the detected value is supplied to a control unit; when there is a variation of the location of the cloth line with respect to a desired location, the breast beam is moved by means of the control unit such that the cloth line is returned to the desired location, or, in other words, the cloth line is automatically maintained and/or returned almost to the desired location by means of the breast beam.

The present invention also relates to a control device used for realizing said process.

In particular an extensible breast beam will be applied.

With the intention of better demonstrating the characteristics of the invention, as an example without any limiting character, a preferred form of the invention is described below with reference to the appended drawings, in which :

  • Figure 1 schematically represents a weaving machine having a breast beam control device according to the invention;
  • Figure 2 represents a sectional view of an extensible breast beam;
  • Figure 3 represents a variant of the embodiment of figure 2;
  • Figure 4 represents a location measuring device that can be built into the extensible breast beam;
  • Figure 5 represents schematically a drive unit for adjustment of the breast beam;
  • Figure 6 represents a variant of the component referenced F6 in Figure 5;
  • Figure 7 represents a diagram to illustrate a possible process that is to be followed, according to the claim, during the weaving machine start-up phase.

As shown in Figure 1, the weaving machine and, in particular, the breast beam control device according to the invention consist of a known combination of a warp beam 1; a back-rest 2 to guide the warp threads 3; weaving frames 4 to form the shed 5; the reed 6; the breast beam 7 and a cloth winding device 8, as well as a control unit 9 to adjust the breast beam 7 and, as appropriate, the warp beam 1 let-off motion.

The mobile breast beam 7 is preferably extensible, as shown in Figures 2 and 3. In Figure 2, the breast beam 7 consists of a fixed portion 10 and a mobile portion 11. The fixed and mobile portions are connected by means of a hinge 12, which may be an elastic adhesive connection, for example, and are separated by means of an extensible pressure line 13 inserted between them. In this case, the pressure line 13 is installed close to the side of the breast beam 7 that comes in contact with the fabric 14.

Between the breast beam portions 10 and 11, a location measuring device 15 is provided in order to detect relative displacement of the two portions of the breast beam.

In the embodiment shown in Figure 3, the entire breast beam 7 is mobile. For this purpose, it is installed in a recess 16, which may be in the machine structure 17, for example, such that it can rotate. In this embodiment, the aforementioned pressure line 13 is installed in a groove 18 provided in the recess 16. The breast beam 7 can be retained in the recess 16 by any means. The simplest means consists of a tensile force exterted on the breast beam 7 by the cloth 14.

In Figure 4, a possible embodiment of the location measuring device 15 is represented, consisting primarily of two components 19 and 20, the first of which is provided with a reflecting surface 21, and the second with, for example, an opto-electric detector 22, with which the relative distance between the aforementioned portions 10-11, or 7 and 17, can be determined.

Figure 5 represents a control unit 9 comprising a power supply 23, preferably hydraulic, a measurement and adjustment unit 24, a feed valve 25 and a return valve 26.

A possible power supply 23 provides, by means of an oil reservoir 27, a pump 28, a pressure regulator 29 and an expansion tank 30, an almost constant supply pressure in the supply line 31. Data are supplied to the measurement and adjustment unit 24 via measurement lines 32 and 33, from the aforementioned location measurement device 15 and from a pressure gage or power gage 34 respectively. The pressure gage or power gage 34 is connected to the extensible pressure line 13. The measurement and adjustment unit 24 drives, on the one hand, the supply valve 25 and return valve 26 provided between the power supply 23 and the extensible pressure line 13, and, on the other hand, the warp beam let-off device, if necessary.

The pressure in the extensible pressure line 13 is adjusted to the desired value with the supply valve 25 and return valve 26. It is clear that these valves 25 and 26 can also be replaced by a three-way valve or equivalent.

As a variant, the power supply of the weaving machine central lubrication system can also be used as power supply.

In Figure 6, another variant is represented, whereby the extensible pressure line 13 is divided into a number of sections in order to obtain a faster reaction. In this embodiment, different pressure values can be supplied in the different sections of the pressure line 13, if required. This enables compensation of the differences in tension between the various warp threads as a result of deflection of the back-rest and breast beam. This is accomplished preferably by using differential let-off motion, or more than one let-off motion.

During the normal weaving process, the operator attempts to retain the cloth line in the same place, irrespective of warp tension.

The functioning of the device is explained hereafter. When the tension in the warp threads 3 rises, the cloth line 35, see Figure 1, moves rearwards. When the warp tension drops, the reverse occurs. If the pressure in the line 13 is kept constant, the breast beam 7 will move rearwards in the event of an increase in warp tension, causing the cloth line 35 to recede further, which is not desired.

This problem is, however, solved by the breast beam control device described above, because the measurement and adjustment unit 24 acts in a suitable manner on the supply valve 25 and/or the return valve 26 through the measurement of the pressure in the pressure line 13 and/or of the location of the breast beam. For example, if the warp tension increases, the supply valve 25 will be opened so that the line 13 extends and, through displacement of portion 11, or the breast beam 7, the cloth line 35 returns to its original location.

In other words, if the warp tension increases, the pressure of the pressure fluid in the pressure line 13 also increases, so that this pressure acts as a gage of warp tension. This pressure can then, as already stated, be used as a gage for the let-off motion drive, whereby, in the example under discussion, the warp will unwind more quickly until the increase in warp tension is eliminated. The reverse occurs in the event of a drop in warp tension.

According to a variant, the process claimed provides cloth line displacement during the weaving process according to a predetermined model, irrespective of warp tension, in order to obtain special effects in the fabric. By way of example, twenty weft threads are woven at a distance X from each other, followed by ten weft threads at a distance Y from each other, and this pattern is repeated continuously. In this way, a fabric consisting of alternate thick and thin sections is obtained. Other combinations are, of course, possible.

According to another variant, the process claimed ensures that during the start-up phase of the weaving process, on the one hand, at the outset of this phase, the breast beam 7 is displaced from its normal position by a determined distance, A-B in Figure 1, so that the cloth line 35 is also removed from its usual position, and, on the other hand, during this start-up phase, the breast beam 7 is returned by any method from B to A in Figure 1, so that the cloth line 35 is returned to its normal position after the weaving machine has started up. The return of the breast beam is preferably gradual.

This ensures that no weaving faults occur during the start-up phase of the weaving machine. The displacement and return of the breast beam 7 can be simply accomplished by providing the measurement and adjustment unit 24 with a regulator component and/or a microprocessor to provide a suitable drive for the supply valve 25 and/or the return valve 26. Valve drive regulation systems are sufficiently well known and will therefore not be dealt with.

By way of example, a possible displacement of the breast beam 7 according to the process claimed is represented in the diagrams in Figure 7. The upper diagram represents the required displacement as a function of time.

If we consider as an example a machine stoppage caused by a warp breakage, in the case of this type of breakage, the machine is normally set to a starting angle located approximately 40 crank degrees in front of the first beat-up. The measurement and adjustment unit 24 makes sure that the pressure in the pressure line 13 is commanded so that the breast beam 7 is moved from position A to position B. The breast beam is then returned from B to A during the weaving machine startup, for example, over the first four beat-ups from 36 to 39. In the lower diagram in Figure 7, the development of the pressure in the pressure line 13 is represented. The downward-oriented pressure peaks in this diagram represent the pressure dips that occur during the beating-up of the reed.

It is clear that the measurement and adjustment unit 24 can be driven on the basis of different factors. According to the process claimed, factors preferably taken into account are the breast beam position before the machine stoppage, the consequent pressure, the warp tension, the starting angle, the cloth winding speed, the let-off motion speed, the back-rest position, the motor speed, the interweave, the frame movement, the width of the fabric, the properties of the yarn used and the type of weft feed. All these parameters lead to determination of the start position of the breast beam, i.e. the aforementioned distance A-B, as well as to determination of the number of steps required to reach normal system operation. The effect of each parameter can be determined beforehand by experiment.

Likewise, the starting position and the number of steps per successive start-up phase can be varied, so that no more weaving faults will occur. For this purpose, screen density is measured during the start-up phase, optically for example, and the aforementioned parameters are applied so that weaving faults can be prevented by using known regulation systems, such as a PID regulation, for example.

The diagrams in Figure 7 can, of course, take on various forms, and it is possible, for example, for points B-C-D on Figure 7 to be located under A.

It is clear that the cloth line 35 and the breast beam position will vary during the weaving cycle due to the frame movements and the reed stroke. However, this is less important if the operator makes sure that the cloth line 35 is in the right position immediately before the beat-up. Owing to these variations, it is advisable to determine the position of the breast beam 7 and the pressure in the pressure line 13 on the basis of a number of measurements, and to take the average of these measurements.

By way of example, thirty-six measurements per revolution can be taken, and the average of these measurements then calculated. The time of measurement can be determined, for example, by a signal from a photo-electric cel located in front of a disk with thirty-six teeth, which revolves around the certerline of the weaving machine. The pressure dips which occur during the beat-up are then used to determine the start of the cycle. The teeth of the disk can, if required, be arranged so that no measurements are taken during the beat-up.

In a weaving process in which the frame position changes considerably from cycle to cycle, and is not frequently repeated, the average pressure in the line 13 and the breast beam 7 position vary without causing variation of the position of the cloth line 35 immediately before the beat-up. In this case, therefore, the position and pressure measurements are only taken preferably at the point before the beat-up at which the warp threads lie in the same plane or intersect. Other measurement methods can, of course, be used.

It is self-evident that the breast beam 7 need not necessarily be of the extensible type, but can also consist of a breast beam secured by means of articulated levers, and, as such, capable of displacement. The control unit 9 need not necessarily be provided in the form of a pneumatic or hydraulic drive of the breast beam 7. The drive may be of any type.

The pressure measurement and/or position measurement performed on the breast beam 7 can also be replaced by a direct measurement of cloth line position. This can be accomplished, for example, by measuring the most remote point of the reed 6 during each last beat-up or by means of a light-sensitive detector that determines the passage between the separate warp threads 3 and the cloth 14.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Ein Verfahren zur Regelung der Position der sogenannten Warenbahn auf Webmaschinen unter Verwendung eines beweglichen Brustbaumes (7), gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß während des normalen Webverfahrens:
    • die Position und die Bewegung der Warenbahn (35) und/oder des Brustbaumes (7) kontinuierlich ermittelt werden;
    • der ermittelte Wert an eine Steuereinheit (9) übertragen wird;
    • bei Abweichung der Position der Warenbahn (35) in bezug auf eine gewünschte Position der Brustbaum (7) mit Hilfe der Steuereinheit (9) so bewegt wird, daß die Warenbahn (35) in die gewünschte Position zurückgebracht wird oder, mit anderen Worten, die Warenbahn (35) mit Hilfe des Brustbaumes (7) automatisch aufrechterhalten und/oder in beinahe die gewünschte Position zurückgebracht wird.
  2. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die gewünschte Position für die Warenbahn ein fester Wert ist, auf den der Mechanismus eingestellt wird.
  3. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die gewünschte Position für die Warenbahn gemäß einem sich wiederholenden Muster variiert.
  4. Das Verfahren gemäß einem der vorgenannten Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß es sich zusammensetzt aus:
    • dem Bewegen des Brustbaumes (7) über eine bestimmte Distanz (A-B) von seiner Normalposition, bevor die Webmaschine anläuft;
    • dem Zurückbringen des Brustbaumes (7) während der Anlaufphase, so daß die Warenbahn (35) in ihre normale Position zurückgebracht wird, wenn die Webmaschine anläuft.
  5. Das Verfahren gemäß einem der vorgenannten Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die Ermittlung der Position der Warenbahn (35) indirekt durch Ermittlung der Position des Brustbaumes (7) und der Spannung in den Kettfäden und durch die Verwendung dieser Information als Meßwert für die Position der Warenbahn (35) erfolgt.
  6. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 5, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die Steuereinheit (9) auch den Kettablaß des Kettbaumes (1) steuert und bei Ermittlung einer zu hohen Kettspannung den Kettbaum schneller abwickelt, während bei einer zu niedrigen Kettspannung der Kettbaum langsamer abgewickelt wird.
  7. Das Verfahren gemäß einem der vorgenannten Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die Bewegung des Brustbaumes durch dessen Ausdehnung erfolgt.
  8. Eine Brustbaum-Steuervorrichtung zur Verwendung in dem Verfahren gemäß einem der vorgenannten Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß sie sich, in einer Webmaschine, zusammensetzt aus einem beweglichen Brustbaum (7) und einer Steuereinheit (9), bestehend aus einem Brustbaumantrieb, einer Meß- und Einstelleinheit (24), einer Positionsmeßvorrichtung (15) zur Ermittlung der Position des Brustbaumes (7) und einem Druck- oder Kraftmeßinstrument (34) zum Messen der Spannung in den Kettfäden oder eines dazu proportionalen Drucks.
  9. Die Brustbaum-Steuervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 8, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß der Brustbaum (7) ausdehnbar ist und sein Antrieb aus einer ausdehnbaren Druckleitung (13) und einer an diese Leitung angeschlossenen Kraftversorgung (23) besteht.
  10. Die Brustbaum-Steuervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 9, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die Kraftversorgung (23) hydraulisch ist.
  11. Ein Brustbaum für eine Webmaschine zur Verwendung in der Brustbaum-Steuervorrichtung gemäß einem der vorgenannten Ansprüche 8 bis 10, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß er sich zusammensetzt aus einem festen Teil (10) und einem beweglichen Teil (11), die mittels einer ausdehnbaren Druckleitung (13) getrennt sind, so daß die Teile in bezug aufeinander bewegt werden können.
  12. Der Brustbaum gemäß Anspruch 11, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß der feste und der mobile Teil (10-11) mittels eines Scharniers (12) miteinander verbunden sind.
  13. Der Brustbaum gemäß Anspruch 12, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß das Scharnier (12) aus einer elastischen Haftverbindung besteht.
  14. Der Brustbaum gemäß einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 13, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß der feste Teil (10) wie auch der bewegliche Teil (11) von halbzylindrischer Form sind.
  15. Der Brustbaum für eine Webmaschine zur Verwendung in der Brustbaum-Steuervorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 10, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß der Brustbaum (7) drehbar in einer Vertiefung (16) der Webmaschinenstruktur (17) angebracht ist und daß eine ausdehnbare Druckleitung (13) zwischen der Vertiefung (16) und der Webmaschinenstruktur (17) vorgesehen ist, um die Bewegung des Brustbaumes (7) in bezug auf die Webmaschinenstruktur (17) zu ermöglichen.
  16. Der Brustbaum gemäß Anspruch 15, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die Druckleitung (13) in einer Einkerbung (18) in der Vertiefung (16) der Webmaschinenstruktur (17) angebracht ist.
  17. Der Brustbaum gemäß einem der vorgenannten Ansprüche 11 bis 16, gekennzeichnet dadurch, daß die Positionsmeßvorrichtung (15) zwischen dem festen Teil (10) und dem beweglichen Teil (11) des Brustbaumes (7) oder zwischen dem Brustbaum (7) und der Webmaschinenstruktur (17) angebracht ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Process for the regulation of the location of the so-called cloth line in weaving machines, whereby a mobile breast beam (7) is used, characterized thereby that during the normal weaving process :
    • the location and displacement of the cloth line (35) and/or of the breast beam (7) are continuously detected;
    • the detected value is supplied to a control unit (9);
    • when there is a variation of the location of the cloth line (35) with respect to a desired location, the breast beam (7) is moved by means of the control unit (9) such that the cloth line (35) is returned to the desired location, or, in other words, the cloth line (35) is automatically maintained and/or returned almost to the desired location by means of the breast beam (7).
  2. The process according to claim 1, characterized thereby that the desired location for the cloth line is a fixed value to which the mechanism is adjusted.
  3. The process according to claim 1, characterized thereby that the desired location for the cloth line varies according to a repetitive pattern.
  4. The process according to any of the foregoing claims, characterized thereby that it consists in :
    • displacing the breast beam (7) over a determined distance (A-B) from its normal position before the weaving machine starts;
    • returning the breast beam (7) during the start-up phase so that the cloth line (35) is returned to its normal location after the weaving machine starts.
  5. The process according to any of the foregoing claims, characterized thereby that the detection of the cloth line (35) location is performed indirectly by detecting the location of the breast beam (7) and the tension in the warp threads, and by using this data as a gage for the location of the cloth line (35).
  6. The process according to claim 5, characterized thereby that the control unit (9) also controls warp beam (1) let-off motion, and if excessive warp tension is detected, the warp beam will be unwound faster, while if warp tension is too low, the warp beam will be unwound more slowly.
  7. The process according to any of the foregoing claims, characterized thereby that the displacement of the breast beam is accomplished by having it extended.
  8. Breast beam control device for use in the process according to any of the foregoing claims, characterized thereby that it consists of, in a loom, a mobile breast beam (7) and a control unit (9) formed by a breast beam drive, a measurement and adjustment unit (24), a location measuring device (15) to determine the position of the breast beam (7) and a pressure gage or power gage (34) that measures the tension in the warp threads or a proportional pressure.
  9. Breast beam control device according to claim 8, characterized thereby that the breast beam (7) is extensible, and its drive is formed by an extensible pressure line (13) and a power supply (23) connected to the line.
  10. Breast beam control device according to claim 9, characterized thereby that the power supply (23) is hydraulic.
  11. Breast beam for a loom for use in the breast beam control device according to any of the claims 8 to 10, characterized thereby that it consists of a fixed portion (10) and a mobile portion (11), separated from each other by means of an extensible pressure line (13), such that the portions can be displaced with respect to each other.
  12. Breast beam according to claim 11, characterized thereby that the fixed and mobile portions (10-11) are connected to each other by means of a hinge (12).
  13. Breast beam according to claim 12, characterized thereby that the hinge (12) consists of an elastic adhesive connection.
  14. Breast beam according to any of the claims 11 to 13, characterized thereby that the fixed portion (10) and the mobile portion (11) are both semi-cylindrical in shape.
  15. Breast beam for a loom for use in the breast beam control device according to any of the claims 8 to 10, characterized thereby that the breast beam (7) is installed in a recess (16) in the loom structure (17), such that it can rotate, and that an extensible pressure line (13) is provided between the recess (16) and the loom structure (17) to permit displacement of the breast beam (7) with respect to the loom structure (17).
  16. Breast beam according to claim 15, characterized thereby that the pressure line (13) is installed in a groove (18) in the recess (16) in the loom structure (17).
  17. Breast beam according to any of the foregoing claims 11 to 16, characterized thereby that the location measuring device (15) is installed between the fixed portion (10) and the mobile portion (11) of the breast beam (7), or between the breast beam (7) and the loom structure (17).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Méthode de régulation de l'emplacement de la ligne dite limite de l'étoffe sur des machines à tisser, utilisant une poitrinière (7) mobile, caractérisée par le fait que durant le processus de tissage normal :
    • l'emplacement et le déplacement de la limite de l'étoffe (35) et/ou de la poitrinière (7) sont détectés en permanence;
    • la valeur détectée est transmise à une unité de contrôle (9);
    • lorsque l'emplacement de la limite de l'étoffe (35) varie par rapport à une position voulue, la poitrinière (7) est déplacée au moyen de l'unité de contrôle (9) de telle manière que la limite de l'étoffe (35) est ramenée dans la position voulue, ou, en d'autres termes, la limite de l'étoffe (35) est automatiquement maintenue et/ou ramenée à peu près dans la position voulue au moyen de la poitrinière (7).
  2. Méthode selon la revendication 1, caractérisée par le fait que la position voulue pour la limite de l'étoffe correspond à une valeur fixe en fonction de laquelle le mécanisme est corrigé.
  3. Méthode selon la revendication 1, caractérisée par le fait que la position voulue pour la limite de l'étoffe varie suivant un modèle répétitif.
  4. Méthode selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée par le fait qu'elle consiste dans les opérations suivantes :
    • le déplacement de la poitrinière (7) hors de sa position normale sur une distance déterminée (A-B) avant la mise en marche de la machine à tisser;
    • pendant la phase de démarrage, retour la poitrinière (7) de telle manière que la limite de l'étoffe (35) revient en position normale après la mise en marche de la machine à tisser.
  5. Méthode selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée par le fait que la détection de l'emplacement de la limite de l'étoffe (35) est réalisée indirectement en détectant l'emplacement de la poitrinière (7) et la tension dans les fils de chaîne, et en utilisant ces données comme une indication de l'emplacement de la limite de l'étoffe (35).
  6. Méthode selon la revendication 5, caractérisée par le fait que l'unité de contrôle (9) contrôle également le régulateur de tension de l'ensouple (1), et que si la tension de fil de chaîne est excessive, l'ensouple se déroulera plus vite, alors que si la tension de fil de chaîne est insuffisante, l'ensouple se déroulera moins vite.
  7. Méthode selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée par le fait que le déplacement de la poitrinière est obtenu par extension.
  8. Dispositif de contrôle de la poitrinière utilisé avec la méthode selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé par le fait qu'il est constitué, sur une machine à tisser, d'une poitrinière mobile (7) et d'une unité de contrôle (9) formée d'un entraînement de poitrinière, d'une unité de mesure et de correction (24), d'un dispositif de repérage (15) destiné à déterminer l'emplacement de la poitrinière (7) et d'une jauge de pression ou de force (34) mesurant la tension dans les fils de chaîne ou une pression proportionnelle.
  9. Dispositif de contrôle de la poitrinière selon la revendication 8, caractérisé par le fait que la poitrinière (7) est extensible, et que son entraînement est réalisé par une barre de pression extensible (13) et une source d'énergie (23) reliée à la barre.
  10. Dispositif de contrôle de la poitrinière selon la revendication 9, caractérisé par le fait que la source d'énergie (23) est hydraulique.
  11. Poitrinière sur une machine à tisser destinée à être utilisée avec un dispositif de contrôle de la poitrinière selon l'une des revendications 8 à 10, caractérisée par le fait qu'elle se compose d'une partie fixe (10) et d'une partie mobile (11), séparées l'une de l'autre par une barre de pression extensible (13), de telle manière que les parties peuvent se déplacer l'une par rapport à l'autre.
  12. Poitrinière selon la revendication 11, caractérisée par le fait que la partie fixe (10) et la partie mobile (11) sont reliées entre elles au moyen d'une charnière (12).
  13. Poitrinière selon la revendication 12, caractérisée par le fait que la charnière (12) est composée d'une connexion adhésive élastique.
  14. Poitrinière selon l'une des revendications 11 à 13, caractérisée par le fait que la partie fixe (10) et la partie mobile (11) sont toutes les deux des demi-cylindres.
  15. Poitrinière sur une machine à tisser destinée à être utilisée avec un dispositif de contrôle de la poitrinière selon l'une des revendications 8 à 10, caractérisée par le fait que la poitrinière (7) est placée dans un évidement (16) dans la structure (17) de la machine à tisser, de telle manière qu'elle peut tourner, et qu'une barre de pression extensible (13) est installée entre l'évidement (16) et la structure (17) de la machine à tisser, permettant le déplacement de la poitrinière (7) par rapport à la structure (17) de la machine à tisser.
  16. Poitrinière selon la revendication 15, caractérisée par le fait que la barre de pression (13) est placée dans une rainure (18) pratiquée dans l'évidement (16) dans la structure (17) de la machine à tisser.
  17. Poitrinière selon l'une des revendications précédentes 11 à 16, caractérisée par le fait que le dispositif de repérage (15) est installé entre la partie fixe (10) et la partie mobile (11) de la poitrinière (7), ou entre la poitrinière (7) et la structure (17) de la machine à tisser.






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