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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0509501 26.11.1992
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0509501
Titel Schnell einstellbarer Doppelzweck-Schraubenschlüssel.
Anmelder Lu, Guoji, Anwaianhuilisanqu, Beijing, CN
Erfinder Lu, Guoji, Anwaianhuilisanqu, Beijing, CN
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, GB, LI, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 16.04.1992
EP-Aktenzeichen 921065850
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 21.10.1992
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 26.11.1992
IPC-Hauptklasse B25B 13/14
IPC-Nebenklasse B25B 13/12   

Beschreibung[en]
Background of the Invention

The present invention relates to hand tool, and particularly to a adjustable wrench adapted to set and loose the thread connection assembly, which comprises a worm gear rack mechanism with a clutch unit, and a movable jaw unit which has a smooth lateral side and a toothed lateral side and can be removed from the wrench body, turned over and then inserted back, thereby alternating the functions of the wrench as a normal wrench or as a pipe wrench which is to set or loose pipe thread connection.

It is well known that the opening of a prior adjustable wrench is adjusted by means of worm gear rack mechanism. A quickly adjustable wrench has been disclosed, in which the quick adjustment is obtained by pushing the worm away from the engagement with gear rack of the movable jaw. However, The above adjustable wrench has been found poor reliability, firmness and mechanical strength resulted from unsteady position of the worm in the worm gear rack mechanism. Moreover, the prior wrench has another disadvantage that it is only adapted to effectively function either as a normal adjustable wrench to deal with bolt connection or as a pipe wrench to deal with pipe thread connection and is not able to effectively deal with above two connections at the same time.

Accordingly, the object of the invention is to provide a dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench with perfect reliability, firmness and mechanical strength. The opening of the wrench can be quickly adjusted and functions of the wrench can be alternated conveniently by means of a clutch unit to control the worm gear rack mechanism, a shaft of the worm fixed when the worm is in the position of engagement, and a movable jaw unit which has a smooth lateral side and a toothed lateral side.

Summary of the Invention

According to a first aspect of the invention, there is to provide a dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench comprising a wrench body, a movable jaw unit and a worm gear rack mechanism which is an engagement means of the gear rack formed at the lower side of the movable jaw with the worm mounted in the rectangular hole at the head of the wrench body. The invention further comprises a clutch unit. The movable jaw unit includes a movable jaw with a smooth lateral side, and a toothed element with a toothed lateral side. The toothed element is hinged at the positioning groove of the movable jaw by a biased pin at the front or lower position of the opposed toothed side of the toothed element, thereby providing the movable jaw unit with a toothed lateral side. A spring is provided in a blind hole which is formed in the lateral side of the movable jaw opposing to the smooth side thereof to push the toothed element to joint this side closely in such a manner that its toothed side is inclined. When the wrench functions as a pipe wrench, a force acting on the toothed side of toothed element along the longitudinal direction of the surface thereof drives the toothed element to rotate around the pin in such a manner that it compressed the spring to clamp a workpiece and the angle of rotation is dependent on the positioning groove. The side of the positioning groove will obstructs the further rotation of the toothed element after a certain rotating angle. The alternate function of the wrench as a normal adjustable wrench can be obtained by releasing the engagement of the worm and gear rack, removing the movable jaw unit, turning over and inserting it back.

A rectangular hole is provided at the head of the wrench body, at one of long sides of which a clutch unit is pivoted and in the two short side of which two recesses are respectively formed to cooperate with the ends of the shaft of the worm. The clutch unit comprises a holder with the worm, the shaft of the worm mounted in the recess, and a push plate. When the ends of the shaft are mounted steadily in the recesses, the worm engages with the gear rack formed at the lower side of the movable jaw and the normal adjustment can be carried out by means of rotating the worm. The engagement of worm and gear rack can be released by pushing down the push plate to rotate the holder away from the gear rack so that the movable jaw unit is able to freely slide, whereby a quick adjustment of the opening is carried out and also the alternative function of the wrench can be obtained by removing the movable jaw unit from the sliding slot, turning it over and inserting it back.

According to a second aspect of the invention, the clutch unit comprises a holder with the worm, a shaft of the worm mounted on the holder, a pull plate integrated with the holder and a supporting spring provided between the pull plate and a long side of the rectangular hole. Guide grooves are formed in the two short sides of the rectangular hole and extend therealong. The two ends of the shaft of the worm are put in the grooves. The holder with the worm is raised under the force of the supporting spring to a front position where the worm engages with the gear rack of the movable jaw, whereby the normal adjustment of the wrench opening are carried out.

By drawing the pull plate backward, the holder with the worm moves backward simultaneously while the spring is compressed, so that the engagement of the worm and the gear rack is released, whereby the movable jaw unit can be so freely slide along the sliding slot that it can be moved conveniently to quickly adjust the opening of the wrench and also that it can be removed from the sliding slot, turned over, and inserted back to carry out the alternate function of the wrench.

The further objects and features of the invention will be appeared from following description of the embodiments taken together with the accompany drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings

  • Figure 1 is a view of the structure of the dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench according to the first embodiment of the invention, in which the supporting spring is only schematically shown.
  • Figure 2 is a partly schematic side view of the head of the wrench according to the first embodiment of the invention, in which the worm is in the position of disengagement and the shaft of worm, the push plate and the holder are not sectioned for the sake of clear.
  • Figure 3 is a partly schematic side view of the head of the wrench according to the invention, in which the worm is in the position of engagement and, the shaft of worm, the push plate and the holder is not sectioned.
  • Figure 4 and Figure 5 respectively show the alternative function of the wrench according to the invention.
  • Figure 6A is a schematic sectional view of the movable jaw unit
  • Figure 6B is a schematic partly side view of the movable jaw unit.
  • Figure 7A is a schematic elevation view of the toothed element.
  • Figure 7B is a schematic top view of the toothed element.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiments

Reference is first made to Fig 1. A dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench according to the invention comprises a wrench body 1, a movable jaw unit and a clutch unit 3. A fixed jaw 4 is formed in the front of the wrench body 1, on the interior side-of which (this side forms one side of the wrench opening) serially form a smooth segment and a toothed segment. The movable jaw unit is mounted movably in the sliding slot provided in the head of the wrench body 1. There is a rectangular hole at the head of the wrench body 1, at one of long side of which pivots the clutch unit 3 and at the two short side wall of which respectively form two recess to fit with the two ends of a shaft 9. The sectional configuration of the recess hole is rectangular. The clutch unit 3 includes a holder 5 with a worm 8, a pivot 6 mounted at one of the long side of the rectangular hole, and a push plate 7. When the push plate 5 is pushed down, the holder 5 and the worm 8 can turn around the pivot 6. The pivot 6 has two rectangular ends which can be laterally inserted and steadily mounted in, and dislocated from the recesses. The movable jaw unit comprises a movable jaw 2 with a smooth lateral side to form that of the movable jaw unit, and a toothed element 11 with a toothed lateral side. The movable jaw 2 has a normal gear rack 10 at the lower side to separably engage with the worm 8. The toothed element 11 is supported by a supporting spring 12 ( for example, a supporting spring seats at a blind hole formed in the movable jaw 2. Fig 1 does not show further detailed structure thereof), and hinged by a pin 15, which is at offset position of the toothed element, to provide the movable jaw unit with a toothed lateral side. The movable jaw unit can be removed from the sliding slot, turned over and inserted back to alternate the function of the wrench.

As shown in Fig 2, When the push plate 7 is pushed down, the holder 5 is swung and the engagement between the worm 8 and the gear rack 10 of the movable jaw 2 is released, whereby the wrench opening can be adjusted by means of the free shift of the position of the jaw 2 along the sliding slot, and also the alternate function of the wrench may be obtained by removing the movable jaw unit from the sliding slot, reversing and inserting it back.

As shown in Fig 3, when the push plate is not pushed down, the worm 8 engages with the gear rack 10 of the movable jaw 2 , whereby the normal adjustment of the wrench opening can be carried out by rotating the worm 8. At this position the two rectangular ends of the shaft 9 is laterally in inserted the recesses in the short side of the rectangular hole and confined therein to position the worm 8.

The wrench can function as a normal adjustable wrench with the smooth lateral side of movable jaw unit facing the interior side of the fixed jaw 4, and as a pipe wrench with the toothed side of the toothed element 11 facing the fixed jaw 4.

Figure 4 and 5 show the second embodiment of the invention, in which the same part as that in the first embodiment is indicated by same reference number as that in the first embodiment. According to the second embodiment, a clutch unit comprises a holder 5' with the worm 8, a shaft 9' of the worm 8 mounted on the holder 5', a pull plate 7' integrated with the holder 5' and a supporting spring (not shown) provided between the pull plate 7' and a long side of the rectangular hole. Guide grooves are formed in the two short sides of the rectangular hole and extend therealong. The two ends of the shift 9' of the worm are put in the grooves. The holder 7' with the worm 8 is raised under the force of the supporting spring to a front position where the worm 8 engages with the gear rack 10 of the movable jaw, whereby the normal adjustment of the wrench opening are carried out.

By drawing the pull plate 7' backward, the holder 5' with the worm 8 moves backward simultaneously while the supporting spring is compressed, so that the engagement of the worm 8 and the gear rack 10 is released, whereby the movable jaw unit can be so freely slide along the sliding slot that it can be moved conveniently to quickly adjust the opening of the wrench and also that it can be removed from the sliding slot, reversed, and inserted back to carry out the alternate function of the wrench.

Moreover, according to the second embodiment of the invention the toothed element 11' is hinged at the movably jaw 2 by a pin 15' provided at the lower portion of the opposed toothed side thereof.

Fig 6A and 6B further show a structure of the movable jaw unit, in which reference number 16 indicates a positioning groove and, the toothed element 11' is hinged by the pin 15' provided at the offset position of the toothed element and is supported by a supporting spring 1 2'. It also can be seen from Fig 7A and 7B that the pin hole of the toothed element 11' is formed at the offset position of the toothed element.

The wrench with a clutch unit provided by the present invention has advantages of quick adjusting the wrench opening and of conveniently alternating two functions as a normal adjustable wrench to deal with the bolt connection and as a pipe wrench to deal with a pipe thread connection. The figures 4 and 5 show the operation of the two functions of the wrench of the invention, in which reference number 13 indicates a bolt workpiece and number 13' indicates a pipe workpiece.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench comprising a wrench body, a movable jaw unit and a worm gear rack mechanism which is an engagement means of the gear rack formed at the lower side of said movable jaw with the worm mounted in the rectangular hole at the head of said wrench body, wherein



    the invention further comprises a clutch unit;



    said movable jaw unit comprises a jaw with a smooth lateral side, and a toothed element with a toothed lateral side which is hinged at the positioning groove of said movable jaw by a biased pin provided at said toothed element, thereby providing said movable jaw unit with a toothed lateral side; a spring is provided in a blind hole which is formed in the lateral side of said movable jaw opposing to said smooth lateral side thereof to push said toothed element to joint this side closely in such a manner that its toothed lateral side is inclined;



    when the wrench functions as a pipe wrench, a force acting on said toothed side of toothed element along the longitudinal direction of surface thereof drives said toothed element to rotate around said pin in such a manner that it compresses said spring to clamp a workpiece and the angle of rotation is dependent on said positioning groove, the side of which will obstructs the further rotation of said toothed element after a certain rotating angle; the alternate function of the wrench as a normal adjustable wrench can also be obtained by releasing said engagement of said worm and gear rack, removing said movable jaw unit, turning over and inserting it back.
  2. A dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench as set forth in claim 1 wherein said clutch unit comprises a holder with said worm, a shaft of said worm mounted in said recess, and a push plate;



    at one of long sides of said rectangular hole of said wrench body a clutch unit is pivoted and in the two short side of this hole two recesses are respectively formed to cooperate with the ends of said shaft of said worm;



    When the ends of said shaft are mounted steadily in said recesses, said worm engages with said gear rack formed at the lower side of said movable jaw and the normal adjustment can be carried out by means of rotating said worm;



    said engagement of worm and gear rack can be released by pushing down said push plate to rotate said holder away from said gear rack so that said movable jaw unit is able to freely slide, whereby a quick adjustment of the opening is carried out and also said alternative function of the wrench can be obtained by removing said movable jaw unit from said sliding slot, turning it over and inserting it back.
  3. A dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench as set forth in claim 1 wherein said clutch unit comprises a holder with said worm, a shaft of said worm mounted on said holder, a pull plate integrated with said holder and a supporting spring provided between said pull plate and a long side of said rectangular hole;

    the two ends of said shaft of said worm are put in the grooves formed in the two short sides of said rectangular hole and extending therealong; said holder with said worm is raised under the force of said supporting spring to a front position where said worm engages with said gear rack of said movable jaw, whereby the normal adjustment of the wrench opening are carried out;



    by drawing said pull plate backward, said holder with said worm moves backward simultaneously while said spring is compressed, so that the engagement of said worm and said gear rack is released , whereby said movable jaw unit can be so freely slide along said sliding slot that it can be moved conveniently to quickly adjust the opening of the wrench and also that it can be removed from said sliding slot, turned over, and inserted back to carry out the alternate function of the wrench.
  4. A dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench as set forth in claim 1 wherein said pin is at the offset lower position of said toothed element opposing to said toothed lateral side thereof.
  5. A dual-purpose quickly adjustable wrench as set forth in claim 1 wherein said pin is at the offset front position of said toothed element opposing to said toothed lateral side thereof.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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