||GERÄT ZUR VERHINDERUNG VON TRENNUNG BEI SCHUTTMATERIAL.
||Uni Patent AB, Orsundsbro, SE
||REINHOLDSSON, Bo, S-190 63 Örsundsbro, SE
||von Bezold, D., Dr.rer.nat.; Schütz, P., Dipl.-Ing.; Heusler, W., Dipl.-Ing., Pat.-Anwälte, 8000 München
||AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
|Sprache des Dokument
|EP date of grant
|Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt
The present invention basically relates to equipment for preventing
separation in bulk materials, which contains material of different particle sizes.
From e.g. US-A-1,570,172 there is known the problem of separation
in bulk materials, and there is also suggested a bin, the use of which is said
to solve the problem of separation. Although the problem to some extent might be
solved by said bin, the inventor has not fully realized the advantages of using
a container provided with at least one insert in the form of a tube concentric
with the container. In the known bin which is of square cross-section, there are
two partitions opposite each other giving rise to three compartments in one direction
but only one compartment in the other direction. In other words, there are no
separation preventing partitions in the other direction, which means that the bulk
is only to some extent prevented from being separated.
The invention has come into being for solving the problem with the
separation occurring in ballast material included in the asphalt composition ordinarily
used for metal roads, streets and the like, and will therefore be described in
conjunction therewith. It is, however, not limited to this particular application
but can be utilized in many different fields, e.g. with concrete, manuring agents,
flour and flour mixtures and the like, in which particles or ingredients are included
that have varying sizes.
Very often, the metalling on streets and roads has an uneven quality
due to the ballast material in the asphalt composition having separated during
the different steps in transport, when the composition is transferred first from
the asphalt works to an intermediate storage silo and then from this to the transport
vehicle and from there to the layer and at last out on the roadway. In each step,
each material size in the ballast material strives to collect at the sloping surfaces
automatically formed when the asphalt composition is tipped.
The uneven structure of the laid asphalt composition results in the
risk of traffic accidents increasing since certain areas get poor water runoff,
the risk of water planing then increasing, and wear will be uneven so that the
roadway can be wavy and repair patching must take place.
For several reasons, it would therefore be a saving if the quality
of the laid asphalt composition could be made better than what the case is today.
The roadway could be made more safe for traffic with less risk of different types
of skidding accidents as well as other types of accidents, and maintenance could
be reduced by avoiding patching and repairing individual places. Instead, larger
road sections could be renovated at greater intervals than what is the case today,
which is something which could save costs in the order of millions every year in
The present invention has the object of obviating the above-mentioned
problems by simple means and equipment and without interfering in the asphalt
composition itself or its production. This object is achieved by equipment of the
kind disclosed in the accompanying claims, from which also will be seen the characterizing
features of the invention.
The invention will now be described in more detail in the following
and in connection with the accompanying drawings, where
- FIG. 1 is a schematic depiction of conventional conveyance of the asphalt composition
between an asphalt mixer and a transport vehicle,
- FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a hot holding hopper seen from above and provided
with an embodiment of equipment in accordance with the invention,
- FIG. 3 is a section taken along the line V-V in Fig. 2,
- FIG. 4 is a schematic, fragmental side view of an intermediate storage silo
provided with a spreader in accordance with the invention,
- FIG. 5 is a section taken along the line H-H in Figure 4,
- FIG. 6 is a schematic top view of the intermediate storage silo shown in Fig.
4 and equipped with a hoistable device,
- FIG. 7 is a section taken along the line E-E in Fig. 6, and
- FIG. 8 has views I-IV which show schematically in sections different operative
steps for the intermediate storage silo represented in Figs. 6-7.
According to Fig. 1, illustrating the conventional procedure in moving
the asphalt composition from an asphalt mixer to a truck 2, the asphalt composition
3 is first tipped from the mixer 1 to the skip 4 running on a sloping track 5.
The skip 4 lifts the composition 3 for tipping it into a hot holding hopper 6 for
intermediate storage of the composition 3 and from which the material is tapped
onto transport vehicles such as trucks or lorries 2. In each tipping or tapping
operation, the asphalt composition 3 behaves as gravel, i.e. it forms a pyramid-like
pile where the larger stones roll out towards the sides of the pile and the material
will be finer and finer the further inwards and upwards it is in the pile. It two
piles are tipped onto the deck of a truck, as is often the case, there will be
an extra large collection of larger stones where the two piles come against each
other. Later on, when the deck or flat bed or platform is tipped, the asphalt composition
in the separated state is transferred to the asphalt spreader, which in turn spreads
the separated asphalt composition in the undesired way mentioned in the introduction.
It should also be noticed that the greater the height at which tapping or tappings
takes/take place, the greater the separation will be.
If the whole procedure according to Fig. 1 is utilized, at least
the hot holding hopper 6 and preferably also the skip 4 each has an embodiment
respectively according to Figures 2 and 3. The means required for keeping the asphalt
composition in the hopper 6 hot during the intermediate storage time are not shown.
The hopper 6, which is suitably, as shown, a circular upstanding container, is
provided with a set of mutually concentric tubes 10 and 11 kept in place by baffles
12 extending from the outer walls 13 of the hopper 6 radially inwards to the innermost
tube 11, thus dividing the hopper into a plurality of compartments 14. The hopper
6 is conically formed 15 at its lower tapping end, this cone being preferably somewhat
more acute than the angle of repose of the asphalt composition. The concentric
tubes 10-11 terminate a distance above the cone 15, which means that when tapping
takes place by opening the hatch 16 at the bottom of the cone, the asphalt composition
flows out substantially to the same extent from all the compartments 14. The result
of this is that the small amount of separation occurring in the respective compartment
disappears in the homogenizing taking place when the composition runs down along
the cone 15.
Irrespective of what type of intermediate storage and/or hot holding
hopper is used when a vehicle is to be loaded, a spreader 40 according to Figs.
4 and 5 at the discharge opening 43 gives a uniform discharge of the bulk material
with reduced separation. The spreader 40 comprises two end members 41, located
one at either end thereof, and two beams 42 which are triangular in cross-section
and have their apexes facing upwards towards the hopper. In the illustrated embodiment,
the triangles are right-angular with their hypotenuses facing towards each other
and between them defining a gap 44 through which a part of the bulk material flowing
down from the hopper can pass. However, the gap 44 is too narrow for all the material
to come through there, and a part of the material will pass on the outside of the
beams 42, i.e. along the hypotenuse. This is not only because of what has been
said above but also because of the upwardly directed apexes of the beams 42 lying
within the edges of the discharge opening 43.
In the use of this spreader 40, the bulk material will thus be divided
into three streams, which then blend together to form a pile or for being spread
out over a divider 20 of the kind already mentioned. There then occurs renewed
blending resulting in that possible separation in the streams is avoided.
In Figs. 6-8, there is illustrated a further embodiment of the separation
inhibiting device for bulk goods, this device being intended for placing in an
intermediate and/or hot holding hopper. In the embodiment illustrated, the hopper
50 itself comprises a cylindrical drum, at its lower end provided with a closable
discharge opening 51, all of which is conventional. The discharge opening 51 may
be provided with a spreader 40 of the kind to be seen from Figs. 4 and 5.
In the illustrated embodiment, a cylindrical funnel 52 is hoistably
arranged inside the drum 50. The funnel comprises a lower pipe portion 53 which
is cylindrical and has a diameter less than half the diameter of the drum 50, and
an upper conical portion 54 with an outwardly increasing diameter, its upper diameter
being approximately 3/4 of the diameter of the drum 50. From the tube portion 53,
there are four blades or baffles 55 projecting radially outwards at 90° spacing.
At the outer ends of these, there are guides 56 in the form of vertical rails
attached to the inside of the drum 50 and these co-operate with guide means 57
at the outer ends of the blades 55 so that the funnel 52 can be moved upwards and
downwards in the drum 50 without altering position except in height.
The movement upwards and downwards of the funnel 52 in the drum takes
place with the aid of cables 58 in the illustrated embodiment, upwardly in the
drum 50 these cables being taken over unillustrated sheaves to an unillustrated
hoisting machinery. Lowering of the funnel 52 suitably takes place with the aid
of gravity. The position in height of the funnel is regulated with the aid of
a sensing device to suit the amount of bulk material in the silos.
Hydraulic or pneumatic motor power can be used instead of the cables
58 which are then replaced with piston and cylinder arrangements.
According to Fig. 8I, the funnel 52 is at its lowest position in
the drum 50. This is the position for initially filling the drum from the skip
indicated above it. Material from the skip is collected by the funnel 52 and the
latter is raised in synchronization with the supply of material. This means that
the funnel is filled all the time, which is apparent from Fig. 8II and 8III and
it meets the material falling down from the skip so that the material never forms
a pile and thus no coarser ballast material rolls down at the sides to lie in a
ring. The drum has the same distribution of the bulk material at this end until
the state has occurred when it is filled, as is apparent from Fig. 8IV. When tapping
from the discharge opening 51, the funnel 52 accompanies the material downwards
in the drum 50 and prevents separation in it. If the discharge opening 51 is then
provided with a spreader 40 according to Figs. 4-5, the material is spread uniformly
over the deck or the like, without risk of separation.
Although several apparently different embodiments of the invention
has been shown and described, one skilled in the art will understand that there
is the same basic concept behind all of them, which is that the invention is directed
towards preventing the bulk materials from forming relatively large sharply tipped
piles where the ballast readily rolls out to lie in a ring at the bottom of the
pile or collect in some other way separate from the rest of the bulk material.
It will thus be understood that the present invention has solved
in a simple, cheap and effective manner the well-known problem with separation
of ballast material and other coarser material from the rest of the material. In
other words, the object stated in the introduction has been achieved. Many further
variations of the invention will be obvious to one skilled in the art, against
the background of this description. Such variations are, however, within the scope
of the invention as defined in the following claims.
- Vorrichtung zur Verhinderung der Separation in Schüttgut in Verbindung mit
einem zwischenspeichernden Bodenentleerer (6,50), der die Form einer axial senkrecht
stehenden Trommel hat, die an ihrem oberen Ende zum Einfüllen des Schüttguts offen
ist und die an ihrem unteren Ende eine verschließbare Öffnung für die Entladung
des im zwischenspeichernden Bodenentleerer (6,50) enthaltenen Schüttguts aufweist,
wobei mindestens ein röhrenförmiges Element (10,11,52) derart in der Trommel (6,50)
in ihrer axialen Richtung angeordnet ist, daß die Enden des röhrenförmigen Elements
(10,11,52) auf jeweils die oberen und unteren Öffnungen der Trommel ausgerichtet
sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das röhrenförmige Element (10,11,52)
von der ganzen Oberfläche der Innenwand der Trommel (6,50) beabstandet ist.
- Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet,
daß die Trommel (6,50)
und das röhrenförmige Element (10,11, 52) von kreisförmigem Querschnitt sind.
- Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet,
daß das röhrenförmige Element (52) innerhalb der Trommel (50) angehoben und abgesenkt
- Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet,
daß das röhrenförmige
Element (52) die Form eines Trichters hat.
- Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet,
daß die Trommel (6,50) an ihrem verschließbaren Ende mit einem Verteiler (40) für
das aus der Trommel entladene Schüttgut versehen ist, wobei der Verteiler (40)
unterhalb des Niveaus der Öffnung angeordnet ist.
- Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Verteiler
(40) zwei im wesentliche parallele Balken (42) von dreieckigem Querschnitt aufweist.
- Equipment for preventing separation in bulk material in connection with an
intermediate storage hopper (6, 50), which is in the form of an axially vertically
positioned drum, which is open at the top for filling of the bulk material and
which has at the bottom a closable opening for discharging the bulk material contained
in the intermediate storage hopper (6, 50), at least one tubular member (10,11,52)
being so located within the drum (6, 50) in the axial direction thereof that the
ends of the tubular member (10,11,52) are directed towards the upper and lower
openings of the drum respectively, characterized in that the tubular member (10,11,52)
is spaced from the entire surface of the internal wall of the drum (6,50).
- Equipment in accordance with claim 1, characterized
in that the drum (6,
50) as well as the tubular member(s) (10,11,52) are of circular cross-section.
- Equipment in accordance with claim 1 or 2, characterized
in that the tubular
member (52) is arranged to be raised and lowered within the drum (50).
- Equipment in accordance with claim 3, characterized
in that the tubular
means (52) is in the form of a funnel.
- Equipment in accordance with any of preceding claims, characterized
in that the drum (6,50) at the closable end thereof is provided with a spreader
(40) for the bulk material being discharged from the drum, the spreader (40) being
located below the level of the opening.
- Equipment in accordance with claim 5, characterized
in that the spreader
(40) comprises two substantially parallel beams (42) of triangular cross-section.
- Equipement pour empêcher la séparation dans une matière en vrac, en relation
avec une trémie de stockage intermédiaire (6,50), qui est sous la forme d'une
cuve à axe vertical ouverte au sommet pour remplissage par la matière en vrac et
qui comporte à la partie inférieure un orifice obturable pour extraction de la
matière en vrac contenue dans la trémie de stockage intermédiaire (6,50), au moins
un élément tubulaire (10,11,52) étant placé à l'intérieur de la cuve (6,50), dans
sa direction axiale, de sorte que les extrémités de l'élément tubulaire (10,11,52)
sont dirigées vers les orifices supérieur et inférieur de la cuve respectivement,
caractérisé en ce que l'élément tubulaire(10,11,52) est espacé de la totalité
de la surface de la paroi intérieure de la cuve (6,50).
- Equipement suivant la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que la cuve (6,50)
et le ou les éléments tubulaires (10,11,52) ont une section transversale circulaire.
- Equipement suivant la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que l'élément
tubulaire (52) est agencé de manière à être monté et descendu à l'intérieur de
la cuve (50).
- Equipement suivant la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que l'élément tubulaire
(52) est sous la forme d'un entonnoir.
- Equipement suivant l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé
en ce que la cuve (6,50) est munie, à son extrémité obturable, d'un dispositif
d'étalement (40), pour la matière en vrac sortant de la cuve, le dispositif d'étalement
(40) étant situé au-dessous du niveau de l'orifice.
- Equipement suivant la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif
d'étalement (40) est constitué de deux poutrelles sensiblement parallèles (42)
de section transversale triangulaire.
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