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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0444073 08.07.1993
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0444073
Titel EIN DIE BIEGUNG EINSCHRÄNKENDER STEIFER LEITER UND BEFESTIGUNGSSYSTEM.
Anmelder Sca Pulp AB, Timra, SE
Erfinder ERIKSSON, Lennart, S-852 54 Sundsvall, SE;
KOLAR, Milan, S-852 59 Sundsvall, SE;
HÄGGLUND, Tjell-Ake, S-860 35 Söraker, SE;
HÖGLUND, Hans, S-864 00 Matfors, SE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 68906897
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, FR, GB, IT, LI, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 30.10.1989
EP-Aktenzeichen 899125207
WO-Anmeldetag 30.10.1989
PCT-Aktenzeichen SE8900605
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9005808
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 31.05.1990
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 04.09.1991
EP date of grant 02.06.1993
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 08.07.1993
IPC-Hauptklasse D21H 11/00
IPC-Nebenklasse D21C 9/00   D04H 1/00   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a paper product of the kind being dry-defibered and converted to fluffed state for manufacturing thereof, for example, sanitary articles, such as napkins and sanitary towels.

Materials of this kind have been used since long for the manufacture of products of the kind in question and are produced and marketed in the form of sheets or rolls. As fibre material sulphite or sulphate pulp and also chemimechanical pulp, so-called CTMP, are used.

These products conventionally are produced in the wet way in that a fibre suspension is dewatered on a wire, pressed and dried. The dried web is reeled up or cut to sheets. As starting material sulphate or sulphite pulp or chemimechanical pulp (CTMP) are used. The pulps made in this way are sold as so-called roll or sheet pulp.

The pulps alternatively can be sold in web shape after flash drying of the fibres. At flash drying the pulp fibres are dried in a fan drier. A pulp web is hereby pressed to about 50% dry solids content and torn so that individual fibres or fibre flocks are detached and thereafter dried when passing through the piping of the fan drier. The flash dried pulp then is pressed to bales. The resulting product has high density, which offers transport-technical advantages compared with reel or sheet pulp. The transport economy of reel pulp, moreover, is made worse by the fact that cylindric rolls have a low packing degree.

The chain of manufacture for soft absorption materials, such as napkins and towels, starts with the dry defibering or tearing of sheet, reel or bale pulp in order to detach the individual fibres bound in the sheet, web or bale. Due to their low moisture content, the pulp fibres then are relatively brittle. When there is a high bonding strength between the fibres in sheet, reel or bale pulp, the risk is great that the fibres will be damaged at the dry tearing and that much undesirable so-called fine material or dust will be formed. This is due to the fact, that a high bonding strength between the fibres implies high defibering energy. The producers of reel and flash dried pulp, therefore, are required to try to produce a product as easily to be torn as possible, with weak fibre bonds in the product, which, however, must meet certain strength requirements for having good runnability in the defibering equipment. In order to obtain a product easy to tear, the roll or sheet manufacturer in the commercial processes of to-day must increase the bulk of the product, which then also deteriorates its transport economy.

These problems are solved by the present invention.

The invention, thus, relates to a product easy to defiber which substantially contains cellulose-containing fibre material, which at defibering easily can be converted to fluffed state for being used at the manufacture, for example, of products for sanitary purposes, such as napkins and towels, and filters, which web-shaped product has such a strength that it can be reeled up or handled in sheet shape for storing and transport, without the addition of chemicals increasing the bonding strength between the fibres.

According to the invention, the product has a density of 550-1000 kg/m³, preferably 550-700 kg/m³, a bursting strength of 0.5-0.50 MN/kg, preferably 0.20-0.40 MN/kg and a grammage of 300-1500 g/m², preferably 500-1000 g/m², the product having a dry solids content of 70-95%.

The values are determined according to the following standards issued by the Scandinavian Pulp, Paper and Board, Testing Committee.

Density
SCAN-P 7:75
Bursting strength
SCAN-P 24:77
Grammage
SCAN-P 6:75
Dry solids content
SCAN-P 4:63

According to an important embodiment of the product according to the invention, the cellulose-containing fibre material is a high yield pulp, i.e. a pulp manufactured in a yield exceeding 90%.

According to an especially important embodiment, the fibres have a curl value x)% of 0.20-0.40, x) (cp page 5)

The product according to the invention can also contain thermo fibres-and/or super-absorbing polymers.

The invention is described in greater detail in the following by way of an embodiment thereof and with reference to a diagram showing the bursting strength and density of the invention and various known products.

Flash dried fibres of a chemi-mechanical pulp, so-called CTMP, with a dry solids content of about 80% were formed to a web with a grammage of about 500 g/m² in a so-called Pendistor. In which the fibres In a controlled flow are supplied by an air stream to a forming head located over a wire. By using jets a uniform distribution of the fibres on the wire Is obtained, while the air is sucked off by a suction box located beneath the wire. The web was pre-pressed in order to reduce the bulk of the web slightly before the final pressing to high density. The final pressing was carried out in a calender, where the temperature of the rolls was 110°C and the linear load was 180 kN/m.

The pressed web then was reeled up in a reel stand. The product had the properties as follows:

Density
570 kg/m³
Bursting strength
0.24 MN/kg
Dry solids content
83%

In the accompanying diagram the properties of several pulps as regards the bursting index and density are shown. The area for chemi-mechanical pulp (CTMP) wet-formed in conventional manner is designated by X, and for wet-formed sulphate pulp by Y. Within the latter area an area has been designated by Z. This area refers to wet-formed sulphate pulp, to which so-called debonds have been added.

The product according to the invention lies in the area A and differs apparently essentially from previously known products.

The reel pulp manufactured according to the above example from CTMP-pulp was then used for making napkins in a test machine.

The reel pulp was dry defibered in a so-called hammer mill, which is comprised in the standard equipment for dry defibering of pulp webs at fluff pulp defibering.

As reference at the tests two commercial reel pulps were used which had been wet-formed according to conventional technique, viz. a CTMP-pulp and a sulphate pulp. The pulps had the properties as follows:

At tests carried out on the defibered pulps included as raw material, the following values were obtained:

Fractionation residue is to be understood as the per cent proportion of undefibered fibre material.

The Curl value, which is dimensionless, is measured according to a method of B.D. Jordan and N.G. Nguyen i "Curvature, kink and curl" in Papper och Tra° 4/1986, page 313, Fig. 2.

All pulps were defibered in like manner in a hammer mill.

As appears from the Table, the reel pulp according to the invention shows properties well as good as the reference material, but the disadvantages of the latter are removed. The fractionation residue for the material according to the invention, however, is considerably lower. This proves that the product according to the invention is very easy to defiber, although the energy input here is much lower than for the reference material.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Einfach aufgeschlossenes bahnförmiges Erzeugnis, welches im wesentlichen zellulosehaltiges Fasermaterial enthält, das beim Aufschluß einfach in den flusenförmigen Zustand umgewandelt werden kann, welcher einen hohen Anteil freier Fasern enthält, wobei das bahnförmige Erzeugnis eine derartige Festigkeit aufweist, daß es zum Speichern und für den Transport aufgewickelt werden oder in Bahnform behandelt werden kann, ohne die Hinzufügung chemischer Substanzen, welche die Bindungsstärke zwischen den Fasern erhöhen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß es eine Dichte von 550 - 1000 kg/cm³ aufweist, vorzugsweise 550 - 700 kg/cm³, eine Berstfestigkeit von 0,15 - 0,50 MN/kg, vorzugsweise 0,20 - 0,40 MN/kg, und ein Quadratmetergewicht von 300 - 1500 g/cm², vorzugsweise 500 - 1000 g/cm², und daß das Erzeugnis einen Feststoff-Trockengehalt von 70 - 95 % aufweist.
  2. Erzeugnis nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß es Thermofasern und/oder höchstabsorbierende polymere enthält.
  3. Erzeugnis nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das zellulosehaltige Material eine Zellstoffmasse mit hoher Ausbeute ist, also eine Zellstoffmasse, die mit einer Ausbeute von mehr als 90% hergestellt wird.
  4. Erzeugnis nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die zellulosehaltigen Fasern einen Kräuselwert von 0,20 - 0,40 aufweisen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Easily defibered web-shaped product containing substantially cellulose-containing fibre material, which at defibering easily can be converted to fluffed state containing a high proportion of free fibres, which web-shaped product has such a strength, that it can be reeled up or handled in sheet shape for storing and transport, without the addition of chemicals increasing the bonding strength between the fibres, characterized in that it has a density of 550-1000 kg/m³, preferably 550-700 kg/m³, a bursting strength of 0.15-0.50 MN/kg, preferably 0.20-0.40 MN/kg and a grammage of 300-1500 g/m², preferably 500-1000 g/m², and that the product has a dry solids content of 70-95%.
  2. A product as defined in Claim 1, characterized in that it contains thermo fibres and/or super-absorbing polymers.
  3. A product as defined in Claim 1, characterized in that the cellulose-containing material is a high-yield pulp, i.e. a pulp made in a yield exceeding 90%.
  4. A product as defined in Claim 3, characterized in that the cellulose-containing fibres have a curl value of 0.20-0.40.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Produit en forme de bande, facilement défibré, contenant essentiellement un matériau fibreux renfermant de la cellulose, qui, lors du défibrage, peut être facilement transformé en bourre contenant une proportion élevée de fibres libres, ledit produit en forme de bande ayant une résistance telle qu'il peut être bobiné ou manipulé sous la forme de feuille pour le stockage et le transport, sans l'addition de produit chimique augmentant la force de liaison entre les fibres, caractérisé en ce que ledit produit a une densité de 550 à 1000 kg/m³, de préférence de 550 à 700 kg/m³, une résistance à l'éclatement de 0,15 à 0,50 MN/kg, de préférence de 0,20 à 0,40 MN/kg, et un grammage de 300 à 1500 g/m², de préférence de 500 à 1000 g/m², et en ce que ledit produit a une teneur en matière solide sèche de 70 à 95%.
  2. Produit selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il contient des thermofibres et/ou des polymères super-absorbants.
  3. Produit selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le matériau renfermant de la cellulose est une pâte à haut rendement, c'est-à-dire une pâte fabriquée avec un rendement dépassant 90%.
  4. Produit selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que les fibres renfermant de la cellulose ont une valeur de gode de 0,20 à 0,40.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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