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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0375283 15.07.1993
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0375283
Titel Motor mit Taktgeber.
Anmelder NCR International Inc., Dayton, Ohio, US
Erfinder Kallin, Fredrik Lars Nils, Kitchener Ontario N2G 1T3, CA;
Reid, Bruce Arnold, Elmira Ontario N3B 3C4, CA
Vertreter Kahler, K., Dipl.-Ing., 8948 Mindelheim; Käck, J., Dipl.-Ing. Dipl.-Wirtsch.-Ing., 8910 Landsberg; Fiener, J., Pat.-Anwälte, 8948 Mindelheim
DE-Aktenzeichen 68907036
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 14.12.1989
EP-Aktenzeichen 893130906
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.06.1990
EP date of grant 09.06.1993
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.07.1993
IPC-Hauptklasse H02K 29/10
IPC-Nebenklasse G01D 5/34   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a motor and more particularly, but not exclusively, to a stepping motor.

Some stepping motors utilize first and second sensors which cooperate with a timing disk which is secured to the output member of the motor. The first and second sensors are utilized to adjust the various lead angles which are associated with the operation of the stepping motor. One such stepping motor is described in U.S. Patent No. 4,710,690. The first and second sensors in the arrangement described in U.S. Patent No. 4,710,690 are mounted separately, and it is difficult to adjust the sensors so as to effect the appropriate lead angle for the motor. Another problem with the stepping motor is that the output member of the motor is very often a timing pulley which tends to generate a lot of dust particles from the associated timing belt. The dust particles tend to accumulate between the timing disk and the associated light sensors, making frequent cleaning necessary. The cleaning requires machine downtime and maintenance costs which could be expensive.

An object of the present invention is to reduce the time for making an adjustment to the sensors and also to keep dirt away from the timing disk and the sensors.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a motor having a motor housing and a timing member mounted for rotation with an output shaft of said motor and sensing means for sensing rotation of said timing member, characterized in that said sensing means is fixed within a sensor housing adjustably mounted on an end portion of said motor housing, cover means for covering said timing member and an area of said end portion and having therein a receiving area for receiving said sensor housing, said cover means being expandable to facilitate mounting of said cover means over said sensor housing and having securing means for adjustably securing said cover means on said motor whereby said cover means is rotatable relative to said motor housing for positioning said sensor housing and thereby said sensing means in a desired operative relationship with said timing member prior to securing said cover means against further movement relative to said motor housing.

The present invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

  • Fig. 1 is a general, perspective view of a stepping motor, showing its associated output member and timing disk, and also showing a sensor housing made according to the embodiment of the invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a view, similar to Fig. 1, showing a cover made according to the embodiment of the invention,, and also showing the locking means to enable the sensors within the housing to be fixed relative to the motor;
  • Fig. 3 is a general perspective view, showing the sensor housing shown in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 4 is a plan view, looking down on a portion of the apparatus shown in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view, taken along the line 5-5 of Fig. 4 to show additional details of the apparatus shown in Fig. 4; and
  • Fig. 6, shown on the sheet containing Figs. 3 and 4, shows an enlarged view of a portion of the apparatus shown in the circle in Fig. 5.

Fig. 1 shows a typical stepping motor 10 which may receive the aligning and protective apparatus of this invention an embodiment of which is designated generally as apparatus 12 (Fig. 2). The designated generally as apparatus 12 (Fig. 2). The motor 10 includes a mounting flange 14, an output shaft 16, and an additional output member, like the timing pulley 18 which is fixed to the output shaft 16 to rotate therewith. The timing pulley 18 drives a timing belt 20 which drives a device (not shown) as is done conventionally. The motor 10 also includes a timing disk 22 which includes a plurality of radially-aligned timing slots 24 which coact with sensors included in the sensor housing 26. The timing disk 22 is secured to a metal hub 23 (Fig. 5) which is secured to the output shaft 16.

The sensors included in the housing 26 are used to set the lead angles associated with the stepping motor 10. A useful definition of a stepping motor is that it "is a motor possessing the ability to rotate in either direction as well as start and stop at various mechanical rotational positions, and whose shaft (rotor) moves in precise angular increments for each excitation change or step." U.S.A. Patent No. 4,710,690, which is assigned to the same assignee as is this application, discusses first and second sensors which are used in energizing a stepping motor. The present apparatus 12 facilitates aligning the first and second sensors so as to effect certain lead angles in the energization of the motor.

The first and second sensors alluded to are actually first and second sensor pairs 28 and 30 shown in dashed outline in Fig. 4. Sensor pair 28 includes a light emitter 28-1 and a light detector 28-2 which are shown in Fig. 5. The light emitter 28-1 has a spherical lens 28-11 formed therein to direct light at the light detector 28-2 positioned in opposed relation with the light emitter 28-1. The light detector 28-2 also has a spherical lens 28-22 formed therein to gather light from the light emitter 28-1. The sensor pair 30 is exactly the same as sensor pair 28. The light emitter 28-1 and the associated light detector 28-2 included in a sensor pair, like 28, may be reversed from the positions shown in Fig. 5 without affecting the operation of the apparatus 12.

The sensor housing 26 comprises a first body portion 26-1, a second body portion 26-2, and a joining portion 26-3 which are formed into a general "C" configuration as shown best in Fig. 3. The sensor housing 26 also includes a flange portion 32 which is used to mount the sensor housing 26 on the motor 10. In this regard, the motor 10 has a cylindrical housing 34 and an end portion 36 which joins the cylindrical housing 34 to form the circular rim 38. The flange portion 32 is generally "L" shaped, having a portion 40 to rest on the circular rim 38, with the flange portion also being acurately shaped to receive a portion of the cylindrical housing 34 therein. The light emitters 28-1 and 30-1 of the first and second sensor pairs 28 and 30 are located in the first body portion 26-1, and correspondingly, the light detectors 28-2 and 30-2 are located in the second body portion 26-2. The first and second body portions 26-1 and 26-2 are spaced apart as shown best in Fig. 1, for example, to receive the timing disc 22 therebetween.

The sensor housing 26 also has an insert 42 which provides a strain relief for the wires associated with the sensor pairs 28 and 30, and the insert 42 also has a pair of slits associated with each of the sensor pairs 28 and 30. The insert 42 has a general "C" section formed by plates 42-1 and 42-2 which are positioned in opposed relation as shown best in Fig. 5. A pair of slits includes the slit 44-1 located in the plate 42-1 and also includes the slit 44-2 located in plate 42-2, as shown best in Fig. 5. The slits 44-1 and 44-2 are accurately located in vertical alignment in the insert 42, with the associated spherical lens 28-11 being aligned with the slit 44-1 and with the spherical lens 28-22 being aligned with the slit 44-2. There are similar slits associated with the second sensor pair 30, with only the slit 46-1 being shown in Fig. 4. The insert 42 is made of opaque plastic so that the slits mentioned, like 44-1 for example, permit light to pass therethrough. In the embodiment described, the slits, like 44-1 and 46-1, are spaced apart a distance of 5.25 mm on a line which is perpendicular to a radial line of the cylindrical housing 34, with the width of the slits, like 44-1, being 0.25 mm. Naturally, these dimensions are just exemplary for a stepping motor which has a diameter of about 5.64 cm and which has 200 stator poles, for example.

The insert 42 also has a detent 50 which coacts with a recess 52 (Fig. 6) in the housing 26 to conventionally, detachably retain the insert 42 within the housing 26. The housing 26 is a clear plastic member which surrounds the insert 42 as shown in Fig. 5. The housing 26 keeps dust from clogging the slits, like 44-1, in the insert 42, and it also keeps dust from accumulating on the timing disk 22.

To assemble the elements of the sensor housing 26, the wires 54 (Fig. 3) associated with the sensor pairs 28 and 30 are threaded through the openings, like 56 and 58 in Fig. 5, and then the sensor pairs 28 and 30 are positioned on the insert 42. The insert 42 is then pushed into the sensor housing 26 until the detent 50 (Fig. 6) engages the recess 52. The sensor housing is then ready to be installed in the aligning and protective cover hereinafter referred to as cover 60, shown in perspective in Fig. 2.

The cover 60 is generally circular in shape, and it is designed to cover a portion of the end portion 36, a portion of the cylindrical housing 34, and the corner rim 38 of the motor 10 as shown best in Fig. 2. The cover 60 has a cut line, shown as dashed line 62, to enable the cover to be expanded to facilitate mounting the entire apparatus 12 on the motor 10. There is an "L" shaped member 64 which is secured to the cover 60 on one side of the cut line 62; its function is to prevent dust from getting on the timing disk 22 via the cut line 62.

The cover 60 also has a receiving area 60-1 (Fig. 2) therein which is used to house the sensor housing 26 and to maintain the sensor housing in a fixed position on the motor 10 after it is properly aligned thereon as will be described hereinafter. The receiving area 60-1 is generally rectangular in shape and conforms to the external shape of the sensor housing 26 so as to maintain it in a fixed position on the motor 10 when the cover 60 is locked thereon.

The locking means for locking the cover 60 on the motor 10 includes the first and second flange portions 66 and 68 which extend from the cover as shown in Fig. 2. The flange portions 66 and 68 have reinforcing portions, like 66-1, to enable the internal diameter of the cover 60 to be enlarged somewhat by moving the flange portions 66 and 68 away from each other. This movement enables the cover 60 to accommodate the sensor housing 26 when this housing is positioned on the motor 10. The locking means also includes the fastener 72 and a threaded metal insert 74, which, when tightened, are used to lock the cover 60 in place on the motor 10. The threaded metal insert 74 is conventionally, ultrasonically bonded in the plastic cover 60 to keep the insert 74 stationary while the fastener is rotated to lock the cover 60 in place.

The apparatus 12 is installed in the following manner. After the sensor pairs 28 and 30 are installed in the sensor housing 26 as previously described, the sensor housing 26 is placed on the motor 10 as shown in Fig. 1. The timing disk 22 is positioned between the first and second body portions 26-1 and 26-2, with the flange portion 32 resting on the corner rim 38. The aligning cover 60 is then expanded somewhat by pushing the flange portions 66 and 68 apart. While so expanded, the cover 60 is placed over the motor 10, with the receiving area 60-1 aligned with the sensor housing 26, and thereafter, the cover 60 is moved downwardly (as viewed in Fig. 1) to enable the sensor housing 26 to be embraced in the receiving area 60-1. The side of the cover 60 which is opposite to the receiving area 60-1 is then lowered on the motor 10, and thereafter, the flange portions 66 and 68 are released, permitting the cover 60 to wrap around the motor 10. The fastener 72 and metal insert 74 are then tightened somewhat to enable the cover 60 to snugly fit the motor 10, while permitting the whole apparatus 12 to be rotated somewhat on the motor 10.

The apparatus 12 is aligned in the following manner. The wires 54 coming from the sensor housing 26 are fed into the controller 75 which also has a test routine or circuit 76 (Fig.2) included therein. In the embodiment described, the lead angle for the stepping motor 10 is varied by changing the locations of the first and second sensor pairs 28 and 30 within the sensor housing 26 relative to the stators (not shown) within the cylindrical housing 34. The test circuit 76 operates by giving a visual indication when the sensor pairs 28 and 30 are properly positioned to effect the desired lead angle. When this occurs, a predetermined number of lights 78 are energized by the test circuit 76. The test operator then tightens the fastener 72 to fix the apparatus 12 on the motor 10. Because the test circuit 76 is not a part of this invention, it need not be described in any further detail.


Anspruch[en]
  • 1. A motor (10) having a motor housing (34) and a timing member (22) mounted for rotation with an output shaft (16) of said motor (10), and sensing means for sensing rotation of said timing member (22), characterized in that said sensing means (28,30) is fixed within a sensor housing (26) adjustably mounted on an end portion (36) of said motor housing (34), cover means (60) for covering said timing member (22) and an area of said end portion (36) and having therein a receiving area (60-1) for receiving said sensor housing (26), said cover means (60) being expandable to facilitate mounting of said cover means (60) over said sensor housing (26) and having securing means (66, 68, 72, 74) for adjustably securing said cover means (60) on said motor (10) whereby said cover means (60) is rotatable relative to said motor housing (34) for positioning said sensor housing (26) and thereby said sensing means (28,30) in a desired operative relationship with said timing member (22) prior to securing said cover means (60) against further movement relative to said motor housing (34)
  • 2. A motor as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said cover means (60) is discontinuous in one area thereof to enable said cover means (60) to be expandable.
  • 3. A motor as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that said sensing means (28,30) includes first and second sensors (28,30) located at a predetermined distance apart within said sensor housing (26).
  • 4. A motor as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that said motor (10) is a stepping motor (10), said timing member (22) is a timing disk (22), and said sensor housing (26) includes locating means (42) for locating said first and second sensors (28,30) a predetermined distance apart within said sensor housing (26) to facilitate adjusting a lead angle of said stepping motor (10) as said cover means (60) is rotated on said motor (10).
  • 5. A motor as claimed in claim 3 or claim 4, characterized in that said sensor housing (26) includes first and second body portions (26-1, 26-2) joined together to form a generally "C"-shaped housing (26), a flange (32) secured to said second body portion (26-2) to enable a circular rim on said motor housing (34) to be received in said flange (32) when said sensor housing (26) is mounted on said motor (10), said first sensor (28) includes a light source (28-1) and a light detector (28-2) which are mounted in opposed operative relationship in said first and second body portions (26-1, 26-2), said second sensor (30) includes a light source (30-1) and a light detector (30-2) which are correspondingly mounted in opposed operative relationship in said first and second body portions (26-1, 26-2), and said timing disk (22) is positioned between said first and second body portions (26-1, 26-2) of said sensor housing (26).
  • 6. A motor as claimed in claim 5 in which:

    said locating meaans (42) includes an opaque insert (42) which is detachably secured to said sensor housing (26), said opaque insert (42) having first and second plates (42-1, 42-2) having first and second slits (44-1, 44-2) therein spaced apart in parallel relationship, said light source (28-1) and said light detector (28-2) of said first sensor (28) being located on opposed sides of said first and second plates (42-1, 42-2) and are aligned with one pair of said first and second slits (44-1, 44-2) in said first and second plates (42-1, 42-2) and said light source (30-1) and said light detector (30-2) of said second sensor (30) being located on opposed sides of said first and second plates (42-1, 42-2) and are aligned with a second pair of said first and second slits (44-1, 44-2) in said first and second plates (42-1, 42-2).
  • 7. A motor as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that said securing means (66, 68, 72, 74) includes first and second flange members (66, 68) extended from opposed sides of said one area of said cover means (60), and a locking member (72, 74) coupled to said first and second flange members (66, 68) to move said first and second flange members (66, 68) toward each other to thereby secure said cover means (60) on said motor (10).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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