PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0556226 30.09.1993
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0556226
Titel VERBESSERUNGEN IN BEZIEHUNG ZU WERKZEUGMASCHINEN.
Anmelder William Asquith (1981) Ltd., Halifax, West Yorkshire, GB
Erfinder SQUIRES, Bernard, Aldread Doles House, Gunthwaite, West Yorkshire HD8 8UN, GB;
HARKNESS, Paul, Trevor 1 High Meadows,, West Yorkshire HX4 8QF, GB;
HASPEL, Michael, John Lower Cockroft, Narrow Lane, West Yorkshire BD16 1HX, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten BE, CH, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, LI, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 30.10.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 919188623
WO-Anmeldetag 30.10.1991
PCT-Aktenzeichen GB9101899
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9208573
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 29.05.1992
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 25.08.1993
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 30.09.1993
IPC-Hauptklasse B23Q 1/08
IPC-Nebenklasse B23Q 1/14   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a machine tool arrangement and to a method of operating a machine tool arrangement.

In a known machine tool, shown schematically in Figure 1, a ram 1 is able to reciprocate in a vertical direction within a housing 2 and, within the ram 1, a torque tube 3 is able to rotate relative to the ram and is constrained to move with the ram. The bottom of the torque tube is able to be connected to a machine tool unit and a drive shaft 4 extending through the torque tube is able to rotate relative to the ram and torque tube in order to rotate a tool of the tool unit. Such a construction is expensive and complicated to manufacture, as it is necessary to provide a linear guide for the ram and then, within the ram, to also provide separately for the rotational mounting of the torque tube. Furthermore, because the drive shaft is surrounded by the torque tube, and because the torque shaft is surrounded by the ram, the unit has a large cross-sectional area which prevents the ram from entering openings in workpieces which are smaller than the cross-sectional area of the ram.

European Patent publication number 0 074 452 (Line) discloses a milling head having an outer housing, a sleeve within the housing and a tool spindle within the sleeve. The spindle is able to move translationally relative to the housing to a limited extent, and also rotationally relative to the housing in order to connect and disconnect an accessory automatically. However, the translational movement of the spindle is to facilitate the connection and disconnection only. When the head has an attachment connected to it for a machining operation the attachment cooperates with the outer housing to prevent relative rotation of those parts and the spindle does not move translationally relative to the housing.

DE-B-1 194 226 and DE-B-1 295 980, respectively, against which claims 1 and 8 are delimited show a rotatable ram that can move translationally to advance or retract the operative position of a tool.

It is an object of the present invention to attempt to overcome at least some of the above disclosed disadvantages.

According to one aspect of the present invention, a machine tool arrangement includes a housing, a ram and a drive shaft, the drive shaft extending through the ram and being rotatable relative to the ram, the ram being movable translationally and pivotally relative to the housing, with relative translational movement of the ram and the housing being arranged to cause the operative position of a tool of the tool unit to advance to or retract, at least a part of the ram including a cylindrical outer surface and at least a part of the housing including an inwardly facing cylindrical surface (54), the cylindrical surfaces of the ram and the housing comprising co-operating portions which enable the ram to move translationally and pivotally relative to the housing, characterised in that the ram includes tool unit engaging means which enable the ram to be connected to a tool unit whereby when the ram is connected to a tool unit, pivotal movement of the ran relative to the housing is arranged to alter the orientation of the rotational axis of a tool in the tool unit relative to the rotational axis of the drive shaft, and rotational movement of the drive shaft is arranged to cause a tool of the tool unit to rotate about the axis of the tool, the ram being connected to an intermediate portion which intermediate portion is slidably mounted on the housing, the intermediate portion including drive means arranged to cause the ram to rotate relative to the housing with the drive shaft being arranged to be driven by further drive means arranged to move with the intermediate portion.

The housing may include clamping means selectively operable to clamp the ram in the housing to ensure that the axis of rotation is not deflected. The clamping means may be arranged to cooperate with the ram at two spaced locations.

The connection of the ram with the intermediate portion may be located on the opposite side of the cooperating portions of the ram and housing to that on which the output of the drive shaft is located.

The intermediate portion and the ram may include locking means, operable to prevent rotation of the ram relative to the intermediate portion.

The drive shaft may extend beyond one or both ends of the ram.

The end of the ram may be provided with tool unit engaging means which enable the ram to be connected to a tool unit. Control means which may include hydraulic or electric means, may be provided via the intermediate portion to control the tool unit engaging means at the end of the ram.

The housing may be movable about at least one axis extending transversely to the direction in which the ram is movable translationally relative to the housing.

According to another aspect of the present invention, a method of operating a machine tool arrangement including a housing, a ram and a drive shaft extending through the ram comprising rotating the drive shaft relative to the ram to cause a tool of a tool unit to rotate about the axis of the tool and moving the ram translationally and pivotally relative to the housing, with relative translational movement of the ram and the housing advancing or retracting a tool of the tool unit whereby an outwardly facing cylindrical surface of the ram co-operates with an inwardly facing cylindrical surface of the housing during both relative translational and pivotal movement, is characterised in that when the ram is moved pivotally relative to the housing the orientation of the axis of rotation of the tool is altered relative to the rotational axis of the drive shaft and rotational movement of the drive shaft causes the tool of the tool unit to rotate about the axis of the tool, with an intermediate portion being connected to the ram and being slidably mounted on the housing with drive means on the intermediate portion causing the ram to rotate relative to the housing, the drive shaft being driven by further drive means that move with the intermediate portion.

The method may comprise the ram moving simultaneously translationally and pivotally relative to the housing.

The method may comprise causing a surface of the ram to slide and pivot against a surface of the housing.

The method may comprise applying a clamping means to increase stiffness between the ram and the housing.

The method may comprise causing rotation of a tool with the drive shaft and simultaneously causing translational or pivotal movement or both of the same whilst a workpiece is being machined with a tool.

The present invention may be carried into practice in various ways but one embodiment will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

  • Figure 2 is a schematic perspective view of a machine tool showing schematically the rotational provision for the ram, and
  • Figure 3 is a detailed cross-sectional view showing the means for effecting rotation of the ram.

As shown schematically in Figure 2, the machine tool 10 includes a cast housing 12 which includes a pair of spaced, parallel vertical rails 14 on which a main transmission carriage 16 may slide up and down in the vertical or Z direction and which is constrained against any rotation.

The housing 12 is able to move in the horizontal x and y directions as follows.

The housing 12 is mounted on parallel rails 18 which extend in the y direction and which are secured to their related structure 28 over the full length. A motor 20 mounted on the housing drives, via a belt 22, a ring 24 which threadably engages a ball screw 26 which extends parallel with the rails 18. The ring is rotatable relative to the housing but is otherwise constrained to move with the housing, whereby rotation of the ring causes the housing to be driven along the ball screw in the y direction with the housing sliding on the rails. The direction of movement in the y direction of the housing can be altered by changing the direction of rotation of the ring.

Each side of the structure 28 (only one of which is shown) is slidably mounted on spaced parallel rails 30 which extend in the x direction. Driving means 32 (shown schematically) cause the structure to be slid along the rails 30 in the required direction.

The carriage 16 is driven up and down in the z direction by a motor 34 mounted on the housing which rotates a ball screw shaft 35 via a belt 38 in the required direction. The carriage 16 is suspended on the shaft 36 and threadably engages that shaft which, by rotation, causes the carriage to slide on the rails 14.

The carriage 16 supports, and carries with it in the vertical direction, a drive shaft 40 and a ram 42 through which the shaft 40 extends. The shaft 40 is rotatably driven by a motor 44 mounted on the carriage which drives a pulley 46 connected to the top of the shaft 40.

In order to enable the ram, carriage and shaft to move up and down relative to the housing, the upper part of the housing is in the form of an arch having upwardly extending spaced sides 47 connected at their upper ends by a top 48.

The lower end of the housing includes a cylindrical guide passage 54 within which the ram is able to slide up and down in the vertical direction and within which the ram can rotate as described later. The cylindrical guide passage is lined with a layer including at least some plastics. The ram is hardened and precision ground.

Figure 3 is a detailed cross-sectional view through the ram 42 and the shaft 40 in the region of their co-extent with the carriage. All of the components shown in Figure 3 are constrained to move together with the carriage in the z direction.

The pulley 46 which drives the shaft 40 is shown at the top of the figure. The shaft 40 is rotatably supported in bearings 56 mounted in the carriage and the cylindrical shaft 40 extends downwardly through the ram 42 and is rotatably supported by further bearings (not shown) towards the bottom of the ram.

The ram 42 is itself rotatable, separate from the shaft 40, upon operation of a motor 60 (shown schematically in Figure 2) which drives a worm 62, as shown in Figure 3. The worm 62 engages a worm wheel 64 which surrounds the ram 42 and is fast therewith in order to cause the ram to rotate about the z axis. The ram may rotate in either direction in dependence upon the direction of rotation of the worm.

A thrust and journal bearing 65 is located just above the wormwheel and the bearing acts on the periphery of the ram. The bearing 65 transfers the thrust from the cutting tool through the ram up into the sledge and constrains the ram to rotate about the required axis. The bearing 65 thereby imparts both axial and rotational stiffness to the ram.

The lower end of the ram is arranged to engage a tool unit from a tool unit store such as a carousel unit in a conventional manner. The downwardly facing surface of the ram includes sockets into which studs from a tool unit can enter and locations devices to accurately align and secure the tool unit to the ram.

As shown in Figure 3, electrical services 64 and hydraulic fluid services 66 are connected to the ram to enable operations of the ram, and in particular the pick up and release of tool units from the bottom of the ram to be performed. The shaft 40 is arranged to engage with a socket in a tool unit in order to be able to cause a tool mounted on an output shaft of a tool unit to rotate. The tool of the tool unit may rotate about an axis coincident with or parallel to the axis of the ram 42 or may rotate about an axis extending at any angle to the axis of rotation of the ram 42.

It will be appreciated that the precise angular position of the ram 42 relative to the housing will be important in certain circumstances such as when the tool of the tool unit is rotating and being advanced in a direction in the horizontal plane. In order to ensure the precise angular position of the ram, a hirth ring 68 surrounds the ram 42 and is able to engage with downwardly extending teeth 70 secure with the ram 42 in order to bring the ram into the required angular position and maintain the ram in that position. The hirth ring 68 is connected to a support 72 by a flexible arm 74. A piston 76 is connected to the hirth ring and, upon pressurisation of a chamber 78, can move downwardly in order to disengage the hirth ring 68 from the teeth of the ram (in which position the ram may rotate) or, upon pressurisation of a chamber 80, can move upwardly to cause the hirth ring 68 to engage the teeth or the ram (to prevent the ram from rotating and to bring the ram into the precise angular orientation required).

It can be seen from Figure 2 that the diameter of the bottom of the ram is relatively very small as that portion of the ram extending beneath the housing is caused to rotate and reciprocate by parts located away from the bottom region. Thus the machine tool can be used to bore out a relatively small hole in a workpiece. That machining may comprise mounting the tool unit on the end of the ram having an output shaft extending in the horizontal or any other required direction. Rotation of the shaft 40 then causes rotation of the cutting tool about its axis. At the same time as the cutting tool is rotating about its axis and cutting into the walls of the workpiece the ram can be rotated about its axis to cause the output shaft of the tool unit to rotate in a horizontal plane. If required, the housing can also be moved in the x and y directions, separately or together. Furthermore, the ram can move downwardly into the feature being cut to enable the machine tool to cut workpieces which are relatively deep in the z direction.

The ram can be clamped in the housing by hydraulically operating clamps 82 located at either end of the passage way in the housing, as shown in Figure 3 to provide maximum stiffness to the ram for instance during certain high performance machining operations. When the ram is clamped it may still rotate but the clamp ensures that the axis of rotation is not deflected.

The ram is that part of the device which carries the tool (either directly or indirectly) towards and away from a workpiece and which also absorbs or reacts against the forces tending to deflect a tool from the intended path of milling or cutting.

The ram on a milling machine is a cantilevered structure which supports the spindle and provides accurate location and support to a variety of attachable auxiliary spindle heads on its forward face which are designed to satisfy a variety of particular machining operations.

The ram is required to traverse the machine spindle such that its axis follows a precise straight line perpendicular to the X Y Plane of the machine tool with a feed mechanism of such stiffness as to provide for all of the machining operations required, either from the machine spindle directly, or from the variety of attachable auxiliary spindle heads which are supported by it.

The ram is also required to provide such axial, transverse and torsional stiffness for all of the machining operations required, either from the machine spindle, or from the variety of attachable auxiliary spindle heads which are supported by it when fed in any required combination of Traverses X Y Z.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Werkzeugmaschinenanordnung, umfassend ein Gehäuse (12), ein Stößel (42) und eine Antriebswelle (40), die sich durch den Stößel hindurch erstreckt und relativ zu diesem drehbar ist, wobei der Stößel relativ zum Gehäuse translatorisch und schwenkbar bewegbar ist, wobei die relative translatorische Bewegung des Stößels und des Gehäuses derart ausgeführt ist, daß die operative Position eines Werkzeuges der Werkzeugeinheit dazu veranlaßt wird, vorzuschieben oder zurückzuziehen, wobei wenigstens ein Teil des Stößels eine zylindrische Außenfläche, und wenigstens ein Teil des Gehäuses eine nach innen gewandte zylindrische Fläche (54) aufweist, wobei die zylindrischen Flächen von Stößel und Gehäuse miteinander zusammenarbeitende Bereiche umfassen, die den Stößel in die Lage versetzen, sich relativ zum Gehäuse translatorisch und schwenkend zu bewegen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Stößel ein Mittel zum Erfassen der Werkzeugeinheit aufweist, um den Stößel in die Lage zu versetzen, an eine Werkzeugeinheit angeschlossen zu werden, wobei dann, wenn der Stößel an die Werkzeugeinheit angeschlossen ist, eine Schwenkbewegung des Stößels relativ zum Gehäuse durchgeführt wird, um die Ausrichtung der Drehachse des Werkzeuges in der Werkzeugeinheit relativ zur Drehachse der Antriebswelle zu verändern, und wobei die Drehbewegung der Antriebswelle derart ausgeführt wird, daß ein Werkzeug der Werkzeugeinheit um die Achse des Werkzeuges umläuft, wobei der Stößel (42) an einen Zwischenteil (16) angeschlossen ist, der am Gehäuse (12) gleitend gelagert ist und der einen Antrieb (60, 62) aufweist, der derart angeordnet ist, daß er den Stößel dazu veranlaßt, relativ zum Gehäuse umzulaufen, wobei die Antriebswelle derart angeordnet ist, daß sie durch eine weiteren Antrieb (44, 46) angetrieben wird, der seinerseits derart angeordnet ist, daß er sich zusammen mit dem Zwischenteil (16) bewegt.
  2. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Gehäuse Spannklauen (82) aufweist, die selektiv betätigbar sind, um den Stößel im Gehäuse einzuspannen und um damit sicherzustellen, daß die Drehachse nicht abgelenkt wird.
  3. Anordnung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Spannklauen (82) derart angeordnet sind, daß sie mit dem Stößel an zwei unterschiedlichen Stellen zusammenarbeiten.
  4. Anordnung nach einem der vorausgegangenen Ansprüche, wobei der Anschluß des Stößels (42) mit dem Zwischenteil (16) auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite der miteinander zusammenarbeitenden Bereiche von Stößel und Gehäuse angeordnet ist, gegenüber jener Seite, an welcher sich der Abtrieb der Antriebswelle (40) befindet.
  5. Anordnung nach einem der vorausgegangenen Ansprüche, wobei der Zwischenteil (16) und der Stößel (42) Verriegelungsmittel (68, 70) umfassen, die dahingehend betätigbar sind, daß sie ein Verdrehen des Stößels releativ zum Zwischenteil verhindern.
  6. Anordnung nach einem der vorausgegangenen Ansprüche, wobei sich die Antriebswelle (40) über wenigstens ein Ende des Stößels hinaus erstreckt.
  7. Anordnung nach einem der vorausgegangenen Ansprüche, wobei das Gehäuse (12) um wenigstens eine Achse drehbar ist, die sich quer zu jener Richtung erstreckt, in welcher der Stößel (42) translatorisch relativ zum Gehäuse bewegbar ist.
  8. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Werkzeugmaschinenanordnung mit einem Gehäuse (12), einem Stößel (42) und einer Antriebswelle (40), die sich durch den Stößel hindurch erstreckt, umfassend das in Umlauf setzen der Antriebswelle relative zum Stößel, damit ein Werkzeug einer Werkzeugeinheit um die Achse des Werkzeuges umläuft und sich der Stößel translatorisch und schwenkend relativ zum Gehäuse bewegt, wobei die relative translatorische Bewegung des Stößels und des Gehäuses ein Werkzeug der Werkzeugeinheit vorschiebt oder zurückzieht, wobei eine nach außen gewandte zylindrische Fläche des Stößels mit einer nach innen gewandten zylindrischen Fläche des Gehäuses während der translatorischen und schwenkenden Bewegung zusammenarbeiten, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß dann, wenn der Stößel relativ zum Gehäuse schwenkend bewegt wird, die Ausrichtung der Drehachse des Werkzeuges relativ zur Drehachse der Antriebswelle (40) verändert wird und wobei die Drehbewegung der Antriebswelle das Werkzeug der Werkzeugeinheit dazu bringt, um die Achse des Werkzeuges umzulaufen, wobei ein Zwischenteil an den Stößel angeschlossen und am Gehäuse gleitend gelagert ist, mit einem Antrieb am Zwischenteil, der den Stößel relativ zum Gehäuse in Umdrehung versetzt, wobei die Antriebswelle durch einen weiteren Antrieb angetrieben wird, der sich zusammen mit dem Zwischenteil bewegt.
  9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Stößel in bezug auf das Gehäuse gleichzeitig sowohl translatorisch als auch schwenkend bewegt wird.
  10. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 8 oder 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß eine Fläche des Stößels (42) in bezug auf eine Fläche (54) des Gehäuses gleitet und schwenkt.
  11. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 10, umfassend das in Umlauf setzen eines Werkzeuges mit der Antriebswelle (40) sowie die gleichzeitige translatorische oder schwenkende Bewegung oder beider Bewegungen des Stößels, während ein Werkstück mit einem Werkzeug bearbeitet wird.
  12. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 11, umfassend das Anlegen eines Spannmittels zum Steigern der Steifigkeit zwischen Stößel und Gehäuse.
  13. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Werkzeugmaschinenanordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 12, wenn eine Werkzeugmaschinenanordnung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7 verwendet wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A machine tool arrangement including a housing (12), a ram (42) and a drive shaft (40), the drive shaft extending through the ram and being rotatable relative to the ram (42), the ram being movable translationally and pivotally, relative to the housing, relative translational movement of the ram and the housing being arranged to cause the operative position of a tool of the tool unit to advance to or retract, at least a part of the ram including a cylindrical outer surface and at least a part of the housing including an inwardly facing cylindrical surface (54), the cylindrical surfaces of the ram and the housing comprising co-operating portions which enable the ram to move translationally and pivotally relative to the housing, characterised in that the ram includes tool unit engaging means which enable the ram to be connected to a tool unit whereby when the ram is connected to a tool unit, pivotal movement of the ram relative to the housing is arranged to alter the orientation of the rotational axis of a tool in the tool unit relative to the rotational axis of the drive shaft, and rotational movement of the drive shaft is arranged to cause a tool of the tool unit to rotate about the axis of the tool, the ram (42) being connected to an intermediate portion (16) which intermediate portion is slidably mounted on the housing (12), the intermediate portion (16) including drive means (60,62) arranged to cause the ram to rotate relative to the housing with the drive shaft being arranged to be driven by further drive means (44,46) arranged to move with the intermediate portion (16).
  2. An arrangement as claimed in Claim 1 in which the housing includes clamping means (82) which are selectively operable to clamp the ram in the housing to ensure that the axis of rotation is not deflected.
  3. An arrangement as claimed in Claim 2 in which the clamping means (82) are arranged to co-operate with the ram at two spaced locations.
  4. An arrangement as claimed in any preceding claim in which the connection of the ram (42) with the intermediate portion (16) is located on the opposite side of the co-operating portions of the ram and housing to that on which the output of the drive shaft (40) is located.
  5. An arrangement as claimed in any preceding claim in which the intermediate portion (16) and the ram (42) include locking means (68,70) which are operable to prevent rotation of the ram relative to the intermediate portion.
  6. An arrangement as claimed in any preceding claim in which the drive shaft (40) extends beyond at least one end of the ram.
  7. An arrangement as claimed in any preceding claim in which the housing (12) is movable about at least one axis extending transversely to the direction in which the ram (42) is movable translationally relative to the housing.
  8. A method of operating a machine tool arrangement including a housing (12), a ram (42) and a drive shaft (40) extending through the ram comprising rotating the drive shaft relative to the ram to cause a tool of a tool unit to rotate about the axis of the tool and moving the ram translationally and pivotally relative to the housing, with relative translational movement of the ram and the housing advancing or retracting a tool of the tool unit, whereby an outwardly facing cylindrical surface of the ram co-operates with an inwardly facing cylindrical surface of the housing during both relative translational and pivotal movement, characterised in that when the ram is moved pivotally relative to the housing the orientation of the axis of rotation of the tool is altered relative to the rotational axis of the drive shaft (40) and rotational movement of the drive shaft causes the tool of the tool unit to rotate about the axis of the tool, with an intermediate portion being connected to the ram and being slidably mounted on the housing with drive means on the intermediate portion causing the ram to rotate relative to the housing, the drive shaft being driven by further drive means that move with the intermediate portion.
  9. A method as claimed in Claim 8 comprising moving the ram (42) simultaneously both translationally and pivotally relative to the housing.
  10. A method as claimed in either of Claims 8 or 9 comprising causing a surface of the ram (42) to slide and pivot against a surface (54) of the housing.
  11. A method as claimed in any of Claims 8 to 10 comprising causing rotation of a tool with the drive shaft (40) and simultaneously causing translational or pivotal movement or both of the ram whilst a workpiece is being machined with a tool.
  12. A method as claimed in any of Claims 8 to 11 comprising applying a clamping means to increase the stiffness between the ram and the housing.
  13. A method of operating a machine tool arrangement as claimed in any of Claims 8 to 12 when using a machine tool arrangement as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 7.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Dispositif de machine-outil comprenant un carter (12), un chariot porte-outils (42) et un arbre d'entraînement (40), l'arbre d'entraînement s'étendant au travers du chariot porte-outils et étant rotatif par rapport au chariot porte-outils (42), le chariot porte-outils étant mobile selon un mouvement de translation et de pivotement par rapport au carter, le mouvement de translation relatif du chariot porte-outils et du carter étant prévu pour provoquer l'avancée ou le retrait de la position de fonctionnement d'un outil du bloc-outil, au moins une partie du chariot porte-outils comprenant une surface extérieure cylindrique et au moins une partie du carter comprenant une surface cylindrique (54) côté face intérieure, les surfaces cylindriques du chariot porte-outils et du carter comprenant des portions coopérantes qui permettent au chariot porte-outils de se déplacer selon un mouvement de translation et de pivotement par rapport au carter, caractérisé en ce que le chariot porte-outils comprend des moyens de mise en prise du bloc-outil qui permettent au chariot porte-outils d'être couplé au bloc-outil, grâce à quoi lorsque le chariot porte-outils est couplé au bloc-outil, le mouvement de pivotement du chariot porte-outils par rapport au carter est prévu pour modifier l'orientation de l'axe de rotation d'un outil dans le bloc-outil par rapport à l'axe de rotation de l'arbre d'entraînement, et le mouvement de rotation de l'axe d'entraînement est prévu pour qu'un outil du bloc-outil tourne autour de l'axe de l'outil, le chariot porte-outils (42) étant raccordé à une portion intermédiaire (16), cette portion intermédiaire étant montée coulissante sur le carter (12), la portion intermédiaire (16) comprenant des moyens d'entraînement (60, 62) prévus pour provoquer la rotation relative du chariot porte-outils par rapport au carter avec l'arbre d'entraînement prévu pour être entraîné par d'autres moyens d'entraînement (44, 46) prévus pour se déplacer avec la portion intermédiaire (16).
  2. Dispositif de machine-outil selon la Revendication 1, dans lequel le carter comprend des moyens de serrage (82) qui sont utilisables de manière sélective pour serrer le chariot porte-outils dans le carter pour garantir que l'axe de rotation ne soit pas cintré.
  3. Dispositif selon la Revendication 2, dans lequel les moyens de serrage (82) sont prévus pour coopérer avec le chariot porte-outils en deux emplacements sépares.
  4. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des Revendications précédentes, dans lequel la liaison entre le chariot porte-outils (42) et la portion intermédiaire (16) est située sur le côté des portions coopérantes du chariot porte-outils et du carter opposé à celui sur lequel est située la sortie de l'arbre d'entraînement (40).
  5. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des Revendications précédentes, dans lequel la portion intermédiaire (16) et le chariot porte-outils (42) comprennent des moyens de verrouillage (68, 70) qui sont utilisables pour empêcher la rotation du chariot porte-outils par rapport à la portion intermédiaire.
  6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des Revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'arbre d'entraînement (40) saille d'au moins une extrémité du chariot porte-outils.
  7. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des Revendications précédentes, dans lequel le carter (12) est mobile autour d'au moins un axe s'étendant transversalement à la direction dans laquelle le chariot porte-outils (42) est mobile selon un mouvement de translation par rapport au carter.
  8. Mode opératoire d'un dispositif de machine-outil comprenant un carter (12), un chariot porte-outils (42) et un arbre d'entraînement (40) s'étendant au travers du chariot porte-outils, comprenant la mise en rotation de l'arbre d'entraînement par rapport au chariot porte-outils afin d'entraîner la rotation d'un outil d'un bloc-outil autour de l'axe de l'outil, et le déplacement du chariot porte-outils selon un mouvement de translation et de pivotement par rapport au carter, avec le déplacement relatif en translation du chariot porte-outils et le carter faisant avancer ou reculer un outil du bloc-outil, au moyen de quoi une surface cylindrique orientée vers l'extérieur du chariot porte-outils coopère avec une surface cylindrique orientée vers l'extérieur du carter pendant le mouvement à la fois de translation et de pivotement, caractérisé en ce que lorsque le chariot porte-outils est mû en rotation par rapport au carter, l'orientation de l'axe de rotation de l'outil est modifiée par rapport à l'axe de rotation de l'arbre d'entraînement (40) et le mouvement de rotation de l'arbre d'entraînement provoque la rotation de l'outil du bloc-outil autour de l'axe de l'outil, avec une portion intermédiaire qui est raccordée au chariot porte-outils et est montée coulissante sur le carter avec des moyens d'entraînement sur la portion intermédiaire provoquant la rotation relative du chariot porte-outils par rapport au carter, l'arbre d'entraînement étant entraîné par d'autres moyens d'entraînement qui se déplacent avec la portion intermédiaire.
  9. Mode opératoire selon la Revendication 8, comprenant le déplacement du chariot porte-outils (42) simultanément en translation et en pivotement par rapport au carter.
  10. Mode opératoire selon l'une ou l'autre des Revendications 8 et 9, comprenant le fait de faire coulisser et pivoter une surface du chariot porte-outils (42) contre une surface (54) du carter.
  11. Mode opératoire selon l'une quelconque des Revendications 8 à 10, comprenant la mise en rotation d'un outil avec l'arbre d'entraînement (40) et simultanément le mouvement en translation ou en pivotement, ou les deux, du chariot porte-outils pendant qu'une pièce est usinée avec un outil.
  12. Mode opératoire selon l'une quelconque des Revendications 8 à 11, comprenant l'application d'un moyen de serrage pour accroître la rigidité entre le chariot porte-outils et le carter.
  13. Mode opératoire d'un dispositif de machine-outil selon l'une quelconque des Revendications 8 à 12 dans lequel est utilisé un dispositif de machine-outil selon l'une quelconque des Revendications 1 à 7.






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