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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0362639 11.05.1994
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0362639
Titel Herbizide Zusammensetzung.
Anmelder Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd., Osaka, JP
Erfinder Yoshida, Ryo, Misawa-shi Aomori-ken, JP;
Mano, Yoshihiro, Kouka-gun Shiga-ken, JP;
Shibata, Hideyuki, Takarazuka-shi Hyogo-ken, JP
Vertreter Tauchner, P., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.rer.nat.; Heunemann, D., Dipl.-Phys. Dr.rer.nat.; Rauh, P., Dipl.-Chem. Dr.rer.nat.; Hermann, G., Dipl.-Phys. Dr.rer.nat.; Schmidt, J., Dipl.-Ing.; Jaenichen, H., Dipl.-Biol. Dr.rer.nat., Pat.-Anwälte; Tremmel, H., Rechtsanw., 81675 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 68914378
Vertragsstaaten BE, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 22.09.1989
EP-Aktenzeichen 891175135
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 11.04.1990
EP date of grant 06.04.1994
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 11.05.1994
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 43/84

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a herbicidal composition. More particularly, it relates to a herbicidal composition comprising as the active ingredients (a) 2-[7-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-4-(2-propynyl)-2H-1,4-benzoxazine-6-yl]-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (hereinafter referred to as "Compound (I)") of the formula:

and (b) at least one of 2-[1-(ethoxyimino)butyl]-5-[2-(ethylthio)propyl]-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexen-1-one (hereinafter referred to as "sethoxydim") of the formula:

and methyl 4-hydroxy-6,6-dimethyl-2-oxo-3-[1-[(2-propenyloxy)imino]butyl]-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate (hereinafter referred to as "alloxydim") of the formula:

A great number of chemicals having a herbicidal activity have been used to exterminate or control the undesired vegetation of weeds in agricultural and non-agricultural fields. Since, however, weeds are diversified in kinds and their growth extends over a long period of time, the herbicidal effects of conventional herbicidal agents are quite restricted in general. Consequently, the appearance of any herbicidal agent which exerts a strong herbicidal activity against a wide variety of weeds without any material phytotoxicity to crop plants has been highly demanded.

Besides, no-till cultivation has recently been developed for saving labor work, extending a cultivation period, preventing soil decrease, etc. Thus, the technical problem underlying the present invention is to provide herbicides which exert a distinct herbicidal activity in foliar treatment, maintain a prolonged herbicidal efficacy in soil treatment and show a prominent selectivity to crop plants.

The solution of this technical problem is achieved by the finding that the associated use of Compound (I) and sethoxydim or alloxydim as the active ingredients produces a highly enhanced herbicidal activity against a wide variety of weeds in agricultural and non-agricultural fields. In comparison with the sole use of each of the active ingredients, enhancement of the herbicidal potency on such associated use is remarkable so that the active ingredients may be applied in a smaller dosages. Further, the weed-control spectrum is greatly enlarged. Thus, a clear and definite synergistic effect is observed in said associated use. They can be used with high safety for no-till cultivation of crop plants such as soybean and peanut.

The herbicidal composition of the invention can exterminate or control a variety of weeds, of which examples are broad-leaved weeds such as wild buckwheat (Polygonum convolvulus), pale smartweed (Polygonum lapathifolium), curly dock (Rumex crispus), common purslane (Portulaca oleracea), common chickweed (Stellaria media), common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album), slender amaranth (Amaranthus gracilis), redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), radish (Raphanus sativus), wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis), shepherdspurse (Capsella bursapastoris), hemp sesbania (Sesbania exaltata), sicklepod (Cassia obtusifolia), velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti), prickly sida (Sida spinosa), field pancy (Viola arvensis), catchweed bedstraw (Galium aparine), ivyleaf morningglory (Ipomoea hederacea), tall morningglory (Ipomoea purpurea), field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis), purple deadnettle (Lamium purpureum), henbit (Lamium amplexicaure), jimsonweed (Datura stramonium), black nightshade (Solanum nigrum), persian speedwell (Veronica persica), common cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium), common sunflower (Helianthus annuus), scentless chamomile (Matricaria perforata), corn marigold (Chrysanthemum segetum) and Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps); Gramineae weeds such as Japanese millet (Echinochloa frumentacea), barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli), green foxtail (Setaria viridis), large crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis), annual bluegrass (Poa annua), meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis), blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides), water foxtail (Alopeculus geniculatus), oats (Avena sativa), wild oats (Avena fatua), johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense), quackgrass (Agropyron repens), downy brome (Bromus tectorum) and bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon); Commelinaceae weeds such as asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis); Cyperaceae weeds such as rice flatsedge (Cyperus iria) and purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus), etc.

Compound (I) is known to exert a herbicidal activity (U.S. patent 4,640,707). Sethoxydim and alloxydim are also known as herbicides (The Pesticide Mannual, Ed. by The British Crop Protection Council, Vol 8, p. 744; ibid., p. 15). However, the associated use of Compound (I) and sethoxydim or alloxydim has never been attempted, and the production of any synergistic effect on such associated use has never been expected.

The proportion of Compound (I) and sethoxydim or alloxydim as the active ingredients in the composition of the invention may vary within a considerable broad range. Generally, however, sethoxydim is usable in an amount of about 0.2 to 40 parts by weight, preferably of about 0.4 to 20 parts by weight, more preferably of about 1.5 to 10 parts by weight, to one part by weight of Compound (I). Alloxydim is usable in an amount of about 0.4 to 80 parts by weight, preferably of about 1 to 40 parts by weight, more preferably of about 2 to 20 parts by weight, to one part by weight of Compound (I).

In addition to the above active ingredients, the composition may contain a solid or liquid carrier or diluent. Any surface active or auxiliary agent may be also incorporated therein. Thus, the composition may be formulated in any conventional preparation form such as wettable powder and suspension. The total content of the active ingredients in the composition may be from about 1 to 90 % by weight, preferably from about 2 to 80 % by weight.

As the solid carrier or diluent, there may be used kaolin clay, attapulgite clay, bentonite, terra alba, pyrophyllite, talc, diatomaceous earth, calcite, walnut-shell powder, urea, ammonium sulfate, synthetic hydrated silica, etc. Examples of the liquid carrier or diluent are aromatic hydrocarbons (e.g. xylene, methylnaphthalene), alcohols (e.g. isopropanol, ethylene glycol, cellosolve), ketones (e.g. acetone, cyclohexanone, isophorone), vegetable oils (e.g. soybean oil, cotton-seed oil), dimethylsulfoxide, acetonitrile, water, etc.

The surface active agent used for dispersion or spreading may be any of the anionic and nonionic type of agents. Examples of the surface active agent include alkylsulfates, alkylarylsulfonates, dialkylsulfosuccinates, phosphates of polyoxyethylenealkylaryl ethers, polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, polyoxyethylene alkylaryl ethers, polyoxyethylene polyoxypropylene block copolymers, sorbitan fatty acid esters, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters, etc. Examples of the auxiliary agent include ligninsulfonates, sodium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol, gum arabic, CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose), PAP (isopropyl acid phosphate), etc.

Practical embodiments for preparation of the composition are illustratively shown in the following Formulation Examples wherein part(s) are by weight.

Formulation Example 1

Fifteen parts of Compound (I), 30 parts of sethoxydim, 3 parts of calcium ligninsulfonate, 2 parts of sodium laurylsulfate and 50 parts of synthetic hydrated silica are mixed well while being powdered to obtain a wettable powder.

Formulation Example 2

One part of Compound (I), 1 part of sethoxydim, 0.5 part of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, 0.5 part of CMC and 97 parts of water are mixed and pulverized until the particle size becomes less than 5 microns to obtain a suspension.

Formulation Example 3

7.27 parts of Compound (I), 72.73 parts of sethoxydim, 3 parts of calcium ligninsulfonate, 2 parts of sodium laurylsulfate and 15 parts of synthetic hydrated silica are mixed well while being powdered to obtain a wettable powder.

Formulation Example 4

Ten parts of Compound (I), 40 parts of alloxydim, 3 parts of calcium ligninsulfonate, 2 parts of sodium laurylsulfate and 45 parts of synthetic hydrated silica are mixed well while being powdered to obtain a wettable powder.

Formulation Example 5

One part of Compound (I), 1 part of alloxydim, 0.5 part of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, 0.5 part of CMC and 97 parts of water are mixed and pulverized until the particle size becomes less than 5 microns to obtain a suspension.

Formulation Example 6

1.5 parts of Compound (I), 60 parts of alloxydim, 3 parts of calcium ligninsulfonate, 2 parts of sodium laurylsulfate and 33.5 parts of synthetic hydrated silica are mixed well while being powdered to obtain a wettable powder.

A composition comprising Compound (I) and sethoxydim or alloxydim thus formulated is useful for post-emergence control of undesired weeds by foliar treatment, for example. Further, in order to improve the herbicidal activity, the composition may be used together with other herbicides. Besides, it may be used in combination with insecticides, acaricides, nematocides, fungicides, plant growth regulators, etc. Due to the broad herbicidal spectrum, it may be also effective as the herbicide to be applied in plowed fields, non-plowed fields, borders for rice fields, orchards, pasture lands, lawns, forests, non-agricultural fields, etc.

The dosage of the active ingredients may vary depending on the mixing ratio, the formulation used, the crop and weed species, the prevailing weather conditions, the soil involved, etc. In general, however, the total amount of Compound (I) and sethoxydim or alloxydim is favored to be within a range of about 50 to 2000 grams per hectare. Preferably, the total amount of the active ingredients therein may be within a range of about 100 to 1000 grams per hectare.

In case of the composition being formulated into a wettable powder or a suspension, it is normally diluted with water and applied at a volume of about 100 to 1000 liters per hectare to the area where extermination of weeds is desired. The dilution may further contain, in addition to the above mentioned surface active agent, any spreading or auxiliary agent such as polyoxyethylene resin acid esters, ligninsulfonates, abietic acid, dinaphthylmethanedisulfonates, paraffin, petroleum oil and the like.

The practical herbicidal activity of the composition of the invention will be explained in further detail with reference to the following Test Examples wherein the growth controlling percentage (%) was determined by weighing the aerial parts of the test plants (fresh weight) and making calculation according to the following equation:

Test Example 1

Seeds of meadow foxtail were sowed in Wagner's pots (inner diameter, 16 cm; height, 19 cm) filled with upland field soil, and cultivated for 40 days outdoors. A designated amount of the composition in the form of a wettable powder formulated according to Formulation Example 1 or 4 was diluted with water containing a spreading agent and sprayed over the foliage of the test plants at a spray volume of 500 liters per hectare by the aid of a small hand sprayer. The spreading agent as used was a surfactant containing dialkylsulfosuccinate and added to water in an amount of 0.5 % (v/v) in regard to the total dilution. At the time of the treatment, meadow foxtail had about 25 cm in height. The plants were cultivated outdoors for 21 days after the treatment, and the growth controlling percentage was observed. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2. Growth controlling percentage of meadow foxtail (%) Compound (I) (g/ha) 0 6.3 12.5 25 50 100 400 800 Sethoxydim (g/ha) 0 0 0 5 11 20 31 80 96 25 13 24 43 54 64 81 50 30 42 67 77 88 95 100 51 69 90 96 100 100 200 80 94 100 100 100 100 400 93 100 100 100 100 100
Growth controlling percentage of meadow foxtail (%) Compound (I) (g/ha) 0 6.3 12.5 25 50 100 400 800 Alloxydim (g/ha) 0 0 0 5 9 16 40 88 97 50 11 13 38 43 50 64 100 28 42 70 74 86 92 200 41 65 80 92 98 100 400 74 90 100 100 100 100 800 91 100 100 100 100 100

Test Example 2

Sandy plowed fields were turned up and, after border building, plotted into blocks of 3 m² each. Seeds of meadow foxtail, downy brome, catchweed bedstraw, persian speedwell and common chickweed were sowed therein, followed by cultivation for 130 days. The plants grown in heights of about 5 to 30 cm were treated with the test composition prepared in the same manner as in Test Example 1. The plants were cultivated for 21 days after the treatment, and the growth controlling activity was observed. The results are shown in Table 3.

Test Example 3

Winter wheats conventionally grown by stripe seeding cultivation in level row were harvested, and seeds of soybean were sowed between the wheat stubbles by drill seeding. Three days thereafter and before germination of soybean, a designated amount of the composition in the form of a wettable powder formulated according to Formulation Example 1 was diluted with water containing a spreading agent (80 % of paraffin-based petroleum oil and 20 % of polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester and sorbitan fatty acid ester) in an amount of 1 % (v/v) and sprayed uniformly over the top of the weeds remaining in the wheat field and having heights of about 20 to 50 cm by the aid of a small hand sprayer. After 40 days of the treatment, the growth controlling percentage on the weeds and the phytotoxicity to soybean were observed. The results are shown in Table 4 wherein the results with a mixture of glyphosate and metribuzin were also given for control.

The results in Test Example 1 were analyzed according to the isobole (i.e. equivalent efficacy line) method [Vol. 3, Herbicides, pages 109 - 111 (1981) in "Noyaku Jikkenho" (Methods in Pesticide Science) edited by Junichi Fukami et al., Soft Science Inc., Tokyo] based on the Tammes's method [Tammes, P.M.L.: Neth. J. Plant Path., 70, 73 - 80 (1964)]. Namely, several combinations of the compositions having different mixing ratios of Compound (I) and sethoxydim or alloxydim but exerting the same level of growth control effect, for example, 90 % growth control, were plotted in a graph so as to readily determine a synergistic effect, an arithmetic effect or a competitive effect. In case of exhibiting the synergistic effect, the equivalent efficacy line as plotted is shown below the arithmetic efficacy line.

Explaining further in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, Fig. 1 wherein the ordinate indicates the dosage of sethoxydim and the abscissa indicates the dosage of Compound (I) shows that the equivalent efficacy line (i.e. solid line) of 90 % growth control of meadow foxtail is located below the arithmetic efficacy line (i.e. dotted line), from which it is understood that the associated use of Compound (I) and sethoxydim in a certain mixing ratio produces a synergistic effect; and Fig. 2 wherein the ordinate indicates the dosage of alloxydim and the abscissa indicates the dosage of Compound (I) shows that the equivalent efficacy line (i.e. solid line) of 90 % growth control of meadow foxtail is located below the arithmetic efficacy line (i.e. dotted line), from which it is understood that the associated use of Compound (I) and alloxydim in a certain mixing ratio produces a synergistic effect.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Herbizides Mittel, umfassend als Wirkstoffe (a) 2-[7-Fluor-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-4-(2-propinyl)-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-isoindol-1,3-(2H)-dion und (b) mindestens eine der Verbindungen 2-[1-(Ethoxyimino)butyl]-5-[2-(ethylthio)propyl]-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexen-1-on (Sethoxydim) und Methyl-4-hydroxy-6,6-dimethyl-2-oxo-3-[1-[(2-propenyloxy)imino)butyl]-3-cyclohexen-1-carboxylat (Alloxydim) und einen inerten Träger oder ein Verdünnungsmittel.
  2. Mittel nach Anspruch 1, in dem der Bestandteil (b) Sethoxydim und das Gewichtsverhältnis der Bestandteile (a) und (b) von 1 : 0,2 bis 1 : 40 ist.
  3. Mittel nach Anspruch 1, in dem der Bestandteil (b) Alloxydim und das Gewichtsverhältnis der Bestandteile (a) und (b) von 1 : 0,4 bis 1 : 80 ist.
  4. Verfahren zur Bekämpfung von Unkräutern, umfassend das Aufbringen einer herbizid wirksamen Menge des Mittels gemäß Anspruch 1 auf die Unkräuter.
  5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, in dem die Gesamtmenge der Bestandteile (a) und (b) 50 bis 2000 g/Hektar beträgt.
  6. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines herbiziden Mittels, umfassend das Mischen von (a) 2-[7-Fluor-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-4-(2-propinyl)-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-isoindol-1,3(2H)-dion und (b) mindestens eine der Verbindungen 2-[1-(Ethoxyimino)butyl]-5-[2-(ethylthio)propyl]-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexen-1-on (Sethoxydim) und Methyl-4-hydroxy-6,6-dimethyl-2-oxo-3-[1-[(2-propenyloxy)imino]butyl]-3-cyclohexen-1-carboxylat (Alloxydim) mit einem inerten Träger oder einem Verdünnungsmittel.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A herbicidal compositon which comprises as the active ingredients (a) 2-[7-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-4-(2-propynyl)-2H-1,4-benzoxazine-6-yl]-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione and (b) at least one of 2-[1-(ethoxyimino)butyl]-5-[2-(ethylthio)propyl]-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexen-1-one (sethoxydim) and methyl 4-hydroxy-6,6-dimethyl-2-oxo-3-[1-[(2-propenyloxy)imino]butyl]-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate (alloxydim), and an inert carrier or diluent.
  2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the component (b) is sethoxydim and the weight proportion of the components (a) and (b) is from 1 : 0.2 to 1 : 40.
  3. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the component (b) is alloxydim and the weight proportion of the components (a) and (b) is from 1 : 0.4 to 1 : 80.
  4. A method for controlling weeds which comprises applying a herbicidally effective amount of the composition according to claim 1 to the weeds.
  5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the total amount of the components (a) and (b) is from 50 to 2000 grams per hectare.
  6. A process for preparing a herbicidal composition which comprises mixing (a) 2-[7-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-4-(2-propynyl)-2H-1,4-benzoxazine-6-yl]-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione and (b) at least one of 2-[1-(ethoxyimino)butyl]-5-[2-(ethylthio)propyl]-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexen-1-one (sethoxydim) and methyl 4-hydroxy-6,6-dimethyl-2-oxo-3-[1-[(2-propenyloxy)imino]butyl]-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate (alloxydim) with an inert carrier or diluent.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Composition herbicide qui comprend, à titre d' ingrédients actifs, (a) la 2-[7-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-4-(2-propynyl)-2H-1,4-benzoxazine-6-yl]-4,5,6,7-tétrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione et (b) au moins l'un des deux composés qui suivent : 2-[1-(éthoxyimino)butyl]-5-[2-(éthylthio)propyl]-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexène-1-one (séthoxydim) et 4-hydroxy-6,6-diméthyl-2-oxo-3-[1-[(2-propényloxy)imino]butyl]-3-cyclohexène-1-carboxylate de méthyle (alloxydim), ainsi qu'un diluant, véhicule ou excipient, inerte.
  2. Composition suivant la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que le composant (b) est le séthoxydim et la proportion pondérale des composants (a) et (b) varie de 1:0,2 à 1:40.
  3. Composition suivant la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que le composant (b) est l'alloxydim et la proportion pondérale des composants (a) et (b) varie de 1:0,4 à 1:80.
  4. Procédé pour combattre les mauvaises herbes, caractérisé en ce que l'on applique une proportion efficace du point de vue herbicide de la composition suivant la revendication 1, aux mauvaises herbes.
  5. Procédé suivant la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que la proportion totale des composants (a) et (b) varie de 50 à 2000 grammes par hectare.
  6. Procédé de préparation d'une composition herbicide, caractérisé en ce que l'on mélange (a) la 2-[7-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-3-oxo-4-(2-propynyl)-2H-1,4-benzoxazine-6-yl]-4,5,6,7-tétrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione et (b) au moins l'un des deux composés qui suivent : 2-[1-(éthoxyimino)butyl]-5-[2-(éthylthio)propyl]-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexène-1-one (séthoxydim) et 4-hydroxy-6,6-diméthyl-2-oxo-3-[1-[(2-propényloxy)imino]butyl]-3-cy clohexène-1-carboxylate de méthyle (alloxydim), à un diluant, véhicule ou excipient, inerte.






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