PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0190282 09.06.1994
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0190282
Titel DECKENSTRUKTUR FÜR MÖBEL UMSCHLÄGE, PANEELE UND ÄHNLICHES.
Anmelder Thebaud, Sacha, Port-au-Prince, HT;
Thebaud, Francisco, Port-au-Prince, HT
Erfinder Thebaud, Sacha, Port-au-Prince, HT;
Thebaud, Francisco, Port-au-Prince, HT
Vertreter Liedl, G., Dipl.-Phys.; Liedl, C., Dipl.-Chem.Univ.; Fritsche, R., Dipl.-Wirtsch.-Ing, Pat.-Anwälte, 81479 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 3587813
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, FR, GB, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 02.08.1985
EP-Aktenzeichen 859040354
WO-Anmeldetag 02.08.1985
PCT-Aktenzeichen US8501455
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 8601087
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 27.02.1986
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 13.08.1986
EP date of grant 04.05.1994
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 09.06.1994
IPC-Hauptklasse A47C 4/28

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a sheath structure, and more particularly, to a sheath structure in the form of upholstery for seating, envelopes, such as wallets, handbags, paneling for furniture or dividers, etc.

Sheath structure, in the present specification, means the combination of a pliable sheet material held under tension on a frame.

It is known to provide furniture such as chairs, for example, with a back or a seat made of a single sheet of pliable material, such as fabric, leather, plastic, held under tension between spaced-apart frame members, the end edges of the upholstery material being folded over the frame members and attached together by laced strings or by springs. The strings or springs are apparent on the backrest of the chair or on the bottom of the seat, and the aesthetic of the chair leaves something to be desired.

Various types of envelope structures, such as wallets, briefcases, etc., are provided with stretchable interior pockets for the purpose of expansion when coins or other objects are accumulated in these pockets. These expandable pockets include a stretchable wall, usually in the form of an add-on to the material forming the envelope, thus requiring additional steps in manufacturing the item.

The document DE-A-2421896 describes a sheath structure comprising a sheet material stretched on a frame and presenting spaced-apart front and rear exterior surfaces. The frame is made up of at least two spaced-apart front and rear frame elements, each corresponding to the front and rear exterior surfaces respectively. The frame elements define an intermediate space therebetween and the exterior surfaces extend over the frame elements.

It is an aim of the present invention to provide a sheath structure which can be used as an improved upholstery structure for furniture.

The present invention provides a simple upholstery system for chairs, stools, sofas, beds and the like, wherein the upholstery material is held under tension, thus providing a soft and supple support surface, and wherein the attachment means holding the upholstery material attached to frame members is completely hidden from view.

The present invention provides a progressive body support system for a chair seat and backrest and armrest of an arm chair and the like, which is of simple construction, which is easily removable and replaceable, which is neat and elegant in appearance, which does not reveal the suspension and attachment structure of a single sheet of upholstery material, which provides well ventilated chair seats and backs, and which, furthermore, has applications to foldable chairs.

It is also an aim of the present invention to provide a sheath structure in accordance with the present invention which can be applied to envelopes, such as to be used in the manufacture of bags, satchels, various cases, purses, wallets, wherein expandable pockets are provided, and utilizing a minimum number of seams and parts.

It is also an aim of the present invention to provide a sheath structure which can be utilized for covering parts of furniture, such as a table base, or for forming panels, such as dividers, of the type presently used in offices.

More particularly, the invention relates to a sheath structure comprising pliable sheet material stretched on a frame and presenting spaced-apart front and rear exterior surface, the frame being made up of at least two spaced-apart front and rear frame elements, each corresponding to the front of rear exterior surfaces respectively, the frame elements defining an intermediate space therebetween, the said sheet material forming the front and rear exterior surfaces extending over the frame element.

According to an objet of the invention, the said sheet material comprises portions which are tucked in within the intermediate space at least along one edge of the frame, and in that tension means cooperate with respective tuckedin portions of the sheet material so as to stretch the sheet material on the frame.

According to another object of the invention, the flexible sheet material overlying the front and rear exterior surfaces is a onepiece sheet folded over another edge of the frame and the sheet material having side portions thereof tucked in at side edges other than said other edge of the frame within the intermediate space, and tension members extending within the intermediate space between the tucked-in portions of the sheet material for providing tension on the sheet material.

According to another object of the invention, the sheath structure includes two pairs of upstanding frame members, a corresponding one of each pair representing the respective front and rear frame elements of the sheath structure, and each pair defining an intermediate space therebetween such that the flexible sheet material is tucked in within respective pairs of the backrest frame members so that the front exterior surface of the sheath structure represents a front panel.

According to another object of the invention, the sheet material is in the form of an expandable sleeve with tension means between the edges of the sheet material forming the sleeve, the frame including at least a pair of rigid frame members each having a width greater than that of the sleeve within which the frame is inserted, a hinge formed in the sleeve portion between the frame members, and means for closing the sheath structure such that they define an intermediate space therebetween.

According to another object of the invention, the sheath structure includes a first frame member, a onepiece sleeve formed of pliable sheet material and having opposed edges, and tension means extending between the edges for providing tension on the sheet material when fitted over the first frame member, a second frame member inserted in the portion of the sleeve extending beyond the first frame member and tension means for providing tension on the sheet material over the second frame member, the sleeve portion containing the second frame member being foldable over the sleeve portion containing the first frame member, the sleeve including flaps on each end thereof adapted to be folded over the respective frame members and tension means attached to the flaps and to another part of the sheath structure for maintaining the portion of the sleeve including the second frame member secured against to first frame member such that the second frame member forms a body supporting surface.

According to another object of the invention, the said second frame member is in the form of a plate.

According to another object of the invention, the padding is provided on the front frame element and within the interior or the sheet material forming the front exterior surface.

According to another object of the invention, the tension on the sheet material is provided by the compression of the padding, the padding being resilient, and the tucked-in portion of the sheet material anchored to the frame elements in the intermediate space.

According to another object of the invention, the sheath structure can be applied for forming the seat or the backrest of a chair or for forming a bag, purse, hand-bag, wallet panel or the like.

The present invention will be better understood in reference to the accompanying drawings, showing by way of illustration, a preferred but not limited embodiment thereof, and in which :

Figure 1
is a perspective view of a chair having a backrest structure according to the present invention;
Figure 2
is a partial side elevation view thereof;
Figure 3
is a partial perspective view of the chair of Figures 1 and 2 with the backrest upholstery removed;
Figure 4
is a schematic transverse section along line 4-4 of Figure 2;
Figures 5 to 8
are views similar to Figure 4, but showing modifications thereof;
Figures 9 to 11
are partial perspective views of the chair of Figure 1 illustrating the manner in which the chair's seat backrest upholstery is installed;
Figures 12a and 12b
are views similar to Figure 4, but showing modifications thereof;
Figures 13a to d
are perspective views showing the manner in which an envelope, such as a wallet, is formed in accordance with the present invention;
Figures 14 through 17
are side elevations of an envelope formed according to Figures 13, etc.
Figure 18
is a perspective view showing a book cover utilizing the present invention;
Figure 19
is a perspective view of a chair showing yet another embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 20
is a perspective view of the chair shown in Figure 19 but with the sheath removed from the backrest frame;
Figure 21
is a perspective view of the sheath disassembled from the backrest frame in Figure 19;
Figures 22a through 22c
are fragmentary perspective views showing the installation of the sheath on the backrest frame in accordance with the embodiment shown in Figures 19 and 20;
Figure 23
is a fragmentary vertical cross-section of the chair shown in Figure 19;
Figure 24
is a fragmentary vertical cross-section showing yet another embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 25
is a section taken along line Q-Q of Figure 24;
Figure 26
is a perspective view showing different panels in a preassembly phase;
Figure 27
is a perspective view of the assembled panels according to Figure 26; and
Figures 28 and 29
show further applications of panels formed in accordance with the present invention.

Referring to the drawings and more particularly to Figures 1 and 2, a chair 10 is illustrated which consists of a pair of front legs 12 and a pair of rear legs 14 supporting a rush bottom seat 16, for example. A backrest 18 is affixed to the top of the rear legs 14. In the example of structure illustrated, the backrest 18 is upholstered and is supported by a pair of spaced-apart substantially parallel upright posts 20 (Figures 2 and 3). Each back supporting upright post 20 takes the form of a generally U-shaped bifurcated member consisting of a length of rod or tube bent over as shown at 22 such as to form a pair of legs or branches 24 and 26 disposed substantially parallel to each other and which may be straight or bent, as shown in the drawing, to any appropriate shape. The free ends of the two parallel legs or branches 24 and 26 are joined together by a tubular fitting 28, to which they are welded, soldered, or otherwise fastened, each tubular fitting 28 being in turn pressed over the free end of one of the chair rear legs 14, at the top thereof, and held in position by any convenient means such as, for example, a transversely fastened screw or pin 30. In the example of structure illustrated, and as more clearly shown in Figure 4, the backrest support upright posts 20 are made of a length of bent-over rigid flat tubing, although it will be appreciated that round tubing or round or flat rod material, preferably metallic, but also made of strong, preferably reinforced, plastic may be used.

The seat backrest 18 is made of a length of upholstery sheet material 32 (Figures 1 and 2 and 4 to 8) which may be any convenient supple, pliable sheet material, such as leather, fabric, canvas, plastic fibers, plastic film, or the like. The upholstery sheet material 32 is highly pliable, and it may be elastic or it may be non-elastic. In the example of structure illustrated in Figure 4, the upholstery sheet material 32 is disposed stretched over the front of the upright post front legs or branches 24 as shown at 33, folded around the side of the legs or branches 24 and stretched over the back of the legs or branches 24, as shown at 35, the edges of the sheet of upholstery material 32 being sewn as shown at 34 for forming a hem 36, the two opposed spaced-apart hems 36 being interconnected by means of tension members taking the form, for example, of a string 38 which is laced through apertures through the upholstery material 32 at the edge of the hems 36. The string 38 may be in the form of a thin rope which is laced through the hems by means of a curved needle, or it may be made of elastic stretchable material, highly tensioned, if so desired. Similarly, the sheet of upholstery material 32 is stretched over the back of the upright post rear legs or branches 26 as shown at 39, wrapped around the sides of the legs or branches 26 and edges forming the hems 36 are joined by the tension member 38. In this manner, the connection between the hems 36 of the sheet of upholstery material 32 are hidden from sight, and it is readily apparent that a load applied against the face 33 of the sheet of upholstery material 32 is elastically absorbed by the material itself along its front face 33 and further absorbed, if and when the load is increased, by the rear portion 35, then the front portion 33 engages the rear portion 35 through the double-up edge portion forming the hem 36, some of the load being also absorbed by the tension members 38. Extremely heavy loads, causing further tension of the front face 33, rear portion 35 thereof causes engagement with adjoining rear portion 35 of the rear stretched portion 39 of the upholstery material, and so on and so foth as the load increases. It can thus be seen that loads applied to the back 18 of the seat are absorbed in sequence and in increased amount of resistance by actually four layers of upholstery material 32, each layer being spaced-apart from the subsequent layer.

FIG.5 illustrates a modification wherein the upholstery material 32 is made of substantially non-stretchable material. The edges of the back portion 35 of the sheet of upholstery material, provided with the hems 36, are interconnected by means of tension members taking the form of elastic straps 40 having a hook 42 attached at each end, the hooks 42 being hooked through the hems 36. The sheet of upholstery material 32 is, in the structure of FIG.5, provided with a protective layer of seat cover material 44, the edge of the seat cover material 44 being interconnected in the back and out of sight, by means of stretchable tension strands 46 also provided at each end with a hook 48 through the edge of the sheet of seat cover material 44.

As shown at FIG. 6, the tension members may take the form of single length or loop 50 of string or leather, threaded or laced through the edge of the hems 36 of the length of upholstery material 32, the ends of the string or loop being tied by a knot 52. Using a sheet of upholstery material 32 which is non-stretchable, the lengths or loops of string or leather 50 are conveniently made of stretchable material while, if the upholstery material is stretchable, the tension members consisting of the attaching lengths of string 50 are conveniently made of non-elastic non-stretchable material, such as to apply an approporiate tension or pull upon the hemmed edges of the upholstery material. In the structure of FIG. 6, the upholstery material 32 is covered by a layer of seat cover material 44, the ends of which are interconnected by any appropriate means, not shown, such as for example, the elastic tension members 46 of FIG. 5, provided at each end with a hook 48, or simply by lacing with a thread.

FIG.7 illustrates an alternative structure wherein the edges of the sheet of upholstery material 32, where interconnected out of sight in the space between the front stretched portion 33 and the rear stretched portion 39, are each provided with a band of complementary hook and loop material, sometimes referred to as Velco-type material, as shown at 54. FIG.8 illustrates a simple form consisting of a single sleeve 56 of upholstery material 32, preferably of the stretchable type, which is fitted over the front legs or branches 24 and rear legs or branches 26 of the upright post members 20.

Preferably, the sheet of upholstery material 32 is in a single piece which is attached to the seat back upright posts 20 as illustrated schematically and sequentially at FIGS. 9-11. A length of upholstery material 32 is cut which is substantially equal to the total length of the leg or branch 24 and the leg of branch 26 of the upright posts 20. The length of upholstery material 32 is stretched, for example, over the back of the rear legs 26 of the posts 20, FIG. 9, the material being twice the length eventually finally required for forming the back 18 being pleated, as shown, such as to absorb the excess length, and the edges of the sheet of upholsterial material 32 provided with the hems 36 being interconnected by means of the connecting tension members 38. Once the connection between the hemmed edges 36 is completed, the general appearance of the lengths of upholstery material 32 is that of an accordion-like sleeve disposed over and between the rear legs or branches 26 of the upright posts 20. The upper edge 58 of the sleeve is pulled over the bent portion 22 interconnecting each rear leg or branch 26 with the corresponding front leg or branch 24 of the upright posts 20 and is pulled down over the front legs 24 of the upright posts 20, FIG. 10, until the edge 58 reaches the bottom of the front legs or branches 24 at the socket connector 28 with the chair rear leg 14, FIG.11.

It will be readily appreciated that, although the structure of the invention has heretofore been described as an example of structure for a seat backrest, the same principles are conveniently used for forming chair seats, armrests and other upholstered furniture or portions of furniture by providing support frame members each in the form of a bent-over double member and stretching a length of pliable and/or flexible material between two pairs of such bent-over double frame members, the junction between the edges of the length of flexible material being hidden from sight by being disposed in the space between the front and the rear layers of the sheet of flexible material. There results four layers of load carrying material, with progressive resistance to deformation of the surface layer, which does away with the requirement of providing load supporting springs or compressible stuffing material such as foam rubber or the like.

As previously mentioned, the frame members may be made of any convenient material, such as round or flat tubular members, or round or flat massive rods or strips, the latter preferably with rounded corners.

Figure 12a illustrates a simple form consisting of a single sleeve 64 of upholstery material 32, which is fitted over the front legs or branches 24 and rear legs or branches 26 of the upright post members 20. The sleeve 64 can have the shape of a bag which is slipped over the two upright post members 20 by their U-shaped bifurcated free extremities, for example, in the case of the chair of Figure 1, draping the upright post members 20 completely such as to leave an excess portion or gusset 68 of the sleeve toward the exterior side of each post member. The gusset 68 is then tucked in between the branches 24 and 26 of each post member 20 and forms the two intermediary layers 35.

Figure 12b shows another embodiment of the tension means. In this embodiment, the sleeve 64a has tucked-in gusseted portion 68a. An inflatable tube 60a is inserted within the fold of the gusseted portion 68a and, on expansion, will provide tension on the surfaces 33a and 39a of the sleeve 64a. The inflatable tubes 60a, which can be replaced by any other expandable bead, replaces the tension spring 60 in Figure 12a.

Referring now to Figure 13a, the sheath structure of the present invention is illustrated as it is applied to a non-furniture construction, such as, for instance, a wallet. In this embodiment, an envelope is formed including flexible sheet material 2 having its longitudinal edges folded as shown in Figure 13a, presenting two parallel edges 9. An elastic band 3 is sewn to each edge 9 at 5. A sleeve 10 is thus formed wherein the elastic yarn 4 of the elastic band 3 extends generally perpendicular to the axis of the sleeve 10. Frame members in the form of lightweight plates 6 having dimensions which are greater than the width of the sleeve 10 are inserted in the so-formed sleeve, such that the sheet material 2 is stretched over the so-formed frames. Thus, a sheath structure, as illustrated in Figure 13b, is formed which can be utilized as a wallet which folds on itself, thereby providing the intermediate space between the frames 6. Expandable pockets 14 and 15 are thus formed whereby articles can be inserted through the openings 16 and 17.

As can be seen from Figures 14 through 17, the extension 19 of the sleeve 10 which is free of the plate 6, can be inserted over the other end of the sleeve represented by the opening 16 such as to close the wallet or envelope. Figure 17 shows how the wallet can itself be expanded merely by moving the frame members 6 which are not connected.

Figure 18 illustrates an application of the present invention, particularly the envelope or sleeve 10, as illustrated in Figures 13a to d, being applied as a book cover. The book cover 29 would have the same structure as the envelope 10, that is, including the frame members 6. The ends 19' and 19'' would extend beyond the frames, and since the sleeve is stretchable, would easily fit over the ends of a book cover 27 and 28.

Referring now to Figures 19 through 23, there is illustrated another embodiment of a chair having a backrest constructed in accordance with the present invention. As will be seen from the description which will follow herein, the backrest includes a conventional backrest frame on a chair to which is added a sleeve including a plate member forming the second frame element which will be folded over onto the frame element formed by the frame of the back of the chair.

Referring now to Figures 19 and 20, there is shown a chair 1 having front legs 8 and rear legs 9, the rear legs 9 extending upwardly to form a backrest frame 4. The sheath structure 3 forms the backrest, as shown in Figure 19, and is made up of a sleeve 10 having a front surface 20 which is folded over at 11 to form the rear surface 21. The tucked-in portions of the side of the sheet material forming the sleeve 10 are folded over the frames at 22. As will be seen, the excess material from the bottom of the sleeve is tucked into the intermediate space from the bottom at 23. As can be seen in Figure 19, the backrest is formed of a fabric material having no visible seams. Furthermore, the fabric material forming the backrest is under tension, and the tension elements are completely hidden from view.

In Figure 20, the backrest frame element 4 includes vertical extensions 7 of the legs 9 and horizontal cross-members 5 and 6.

Figure 21 illustrates the sleeve 10 to be applied to the backrest. In this case, the sleeve includes a flexible material, such as woven or knitted fabric, having longitudinal edges 15 and 16 which are folded over. The edges 15 and 16 extend parallel to each other and are spaced apart. Elastic bands 31 extend between the edges 15 and 16 and are sewn to the edges 15 and 16 at 32. Flaps 17 and 18 extend at each end of the sleeve, as shown in Figure 21. These flaps include eyelets 19 along the edge thereof.

As shown in Figure 22a, the sleeve 10 having a width smaller than the width of the frame 4 is inserted under tension over the frame 4. The lower flap 17 is folded upwardly around the cross-bar 6. Tension members, such as elongated spring members 41, are connected or hooked through the eyelets 19 on the flap 17 and to the cross-bar 5 which is exposed in the area of the opening formed by the edges 15 and 16 of the sleeve. This is illustrated in Figure 22b.

A lightweight rigid plate member 50 is inserted in the other end of the sleeve, as shown in Figure 22b, and the flap 18 is folded over the end of the plate member 50 in a manner shown in Figure 22c. Tension members, such as elongated springs 41, are hooked in the eyelets 19 on the flap 18, as shown in this Figure, and to the cross-bar 5. Rings 42 can be provided on the cross-bar 5 for hooking the springs 41. The portion of the sleeve including the plate 50 is then folded over at 60 onto the backrest frame 4 and may be fastened to the flap 17 by means of VELCRO strips 70f and 70m as shown in Figure 22c. The completed backrest is as shown in Figure 19 as well as in Figure 23 which is a cross-sectional view of the backrest of Figure 19. It is evident that padding could also be inserted over the plate member 50 within the sleeve 10 for the purpose of presenting a more comfortable backrest.

Figures 24 and 25 illustrate yet another embodiment of the chair shown in Figure 19, wherein the backrest includes a pair of fixed plates 141 and 151 with a foam-type padding 71 on the fixed plates 141 and 151. The fabric forming the sheath 10 is stretched on the frame elements 141 and 151, thereby compressing the foam padding and anchored at 170 and 172, thereby maintaining tension on the fabric. The installation of the sleeve 10 is essentially the same as that described in relation to the embodiment shown in Figure 19.

Another application of the present invention is in relation to panels which can be used either as support members for furniture, lamp structures, or as dividers or screens in offices. The sequence of construction of a panel is very similar to that described in relation to the embodiment shown in Figures 13a to 13d. Accordingly, the sheath structure may only be described briefly. As shown in these drawings which show a sequential assembly, there is provided a sleeve 10 with a tension system 3 including springs 7 hooked to eyelets 81 in the end edges 30 and 31 of the fabric material forming the sleeve 10. Frame elements in the form of plates 5 and 6 are inserted in the sleeve 10, whereby the material is held on the frame elements under tension.

Figure 26 shows how a the disassembled screen is set up. Under final installations, these screens or panels would have the appearance of Figures 26, 27 or 29.

Figure 28 shows the use of the folded-over panel as a stand for a coffee table.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Überzuganordnung, umfassend biegsames dünnlagiges Material (32, 2, 10), das auf einem Rahmen gespannt ist und eine mit Abstand voneinander angeordnete vordere und rückwärtige Außenseite aufweist, wobei der Rahmen aus wenigstens zwei mit Abstand voneinander angeordneten vorderen (24, 6, 50, 151, 55) und rückwärtigen (26, 4, 14, 555) Rahmenelementen besteht, die jeweils den vorderen und rückwärtigen Außenseiten entsprechen, wobei die Rahmenelemente zwischen sich einen Zwischenraum begrenzen, wobei das dünnlagige Material die sich über die Rahmenelemente erstreckenden vorderen und rückwärtigen Außenseiten bildet,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das dünnlagige Material (32, 2, 52, 110, 10) Abschnitte (35, 68, 15 und 16, 171, 172,) umfaßt, die im Zwischenraum wenigstens längs einer Kante des Rahmens eingeschlagen sind, und daß Spanneinrichtungen (38, 40, 46, 50, 54, 60, 60a, 4, 41, 71, 170) mit entsprechenden eingezogenen Abschnitten des dünnlagigen Materials zusammenwirken, um das dünnlagige Material auf dem Rahmen zu spannen.
  2. Überzuganordnung nach Anspruch 1, bei der das über den vorderen und rückwärtigen Außenseiten liegende flexible dünnlagige Material (32, 2, 10) eine einstückige dünne Lage ist, die über eine andere Kante (20) des Rahmens gefaltet ist, und wobei das dünnlagige Material Seitenabschnitte (35, 68, 15, 16) aufweist, die an Seitenkanten (20, 22) verschieden von der anderen Kante des Rahmens im Zwischenraum eingezogen sind, und wobei Spannelemente (38, 40, 46, 50, 54, 56, 60, 60a, 4, 31) sich im Zwischenraum zwischen den eingezogenen Abschnitten (35, 9, 68, 15 und 16) des dünnlagigen Materials erstrecken, um eine Spannung am dünnlagigen Material vorzusehen.
  3. Überzuganordnung nach Anspruch 1, bei der die Überzuganordnung zwei Paare (20) von aufrechten Rahmenelementen enthält, wobei ein entsprechendes jedes Paars die entsprechenden vorderen (24) und rückwärtigen (26) Rahmenelemente der Überzuganordnung darstellt, und wobei jedes Paar dazwischen einen Zwischenraum begrenzt derart, daß das flexible dünnlagige Material (32) im Inneren entsprechender Paare der Lehnenrahmenelemente (22) eingezogen ist, so daß die vordere Außenseite (33) der Überzuganordnung eine Vorderabdeckung darstellt.
  4. Überzuganordnung nach Anspruch 1, bei der das dünnlagige Material in der Form einer dehnbaren Hülle (32, 2, 10) mit einer Spanneinrichtung (3, 4, 31) zwischen den Kanten (9, 15, 16) des die Hülle bildenden dünnlagigen Materials vorliegt, wobei der Rahmen wenigstens ein Paar starre Rahmenelemente (6, 4, 50, 55, 66, 555, 104, 140), die jeweils eine Breite größer als diejenige der Hülle aufweisen, im Inneren von der der Rahmen eingefügt ist, ein in dem Hüllenabschnitt zwischen den Rahmenelementen gebildetes Scharnier (13, 11, 60) und eine Einrichtung (17, 18, 19, 70f, 70m) zum Schließen der Überzuganordnung enthält derart, daß sie einen Zwischenraum dazwischen begrenzen.
  5. Überzuganordnung nach Anspruch 1, bei der sie ein erstes Rahmenelement (7), eine aus biegsamem dünnlagigem Material gebildete und gegenüberliegende Kanten (15, 16) aufweisende einstückige Hülle (10) und eine Spanneinrichtung (31), die sich zwischen den Kanten zum vorsehen einer Spannung auf das dünnlagige Material erstreckt, wenn es über dem ersten Rahmenelement (7) angebracht ist, ein in den sich jenseits des ersten Rahmenelementes (7) erstreckenden Abschnitt der Hülle eingefügtes zweites Rahmenelement (50) und eine Spanneinrichtung (31) zum Vorsehen einer Spannung auf das dünnlagige Material über dem zweiten Rahmenelement (50) enthält, wobei der das zweite Rahmenelement (50) enthaltende Hüllenabschnitt über den das erste Rahmenelement (7) enthaltenden Hüllenabschnitt faltbar ist, wobei die Hülle an jedem Ende Klappen (17, 18), die geeignet sind, über die entsprechenden Rahmenelemente (7, 50) gefaltet zu werden, und eine Spanneinrichtung (41) enthält, die an den Klappen (17, 18) und an einem anderen Teil der Überzuganordnung befestigt sind, um den das zweiten Rahmenelement (50) enthaltenden Abschnitt der Hülle gegen das erste Rahmenelement (7) befestigt zu halten, derart, daß das zweite Rahmenelement (50) eine Körperstützfläche bildet.
  6. Überzuganordnung nach Anspruch 5, bei der das zweite Rahmenelement (50) in der Form einer Platte vorhanden ist.
  7. Überzuganordnung nach Anspruch 1, bei der eine Polsterung (71) auf dem vorderen Rahmen (50, 151) Element und im Inneren des die vordere Außenseite bildenden dünnlagigen Materials (10) vorgesehen ist.
  8. Überzuganordnung nach Anspruch 7, bei der die Spannung auf das dünnlagige Material durch die Kompression des Polsters, wobei das Polster elastisch ist, und der eingezogene Abschnitt des dünnlagigen Materials an den Rahmenelementen im Zwischenraum verankert vorgesehen ist.
  9. Verwendung eines der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 und 8 zur Bildung des Sitzes oder der Lehne eines Stuhls oder einer Platte.
  10. Verwendung eines der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1 und 4 zur Bildung einer Tasche, eines Geldbeutels, einer Handtasche, einer Brieftasche, einer Platte oder dergleichen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A sheath structure comprising pliable sheet material (32, 2, 10) stretched on a frame and presenting spaced-apart front and rear exterior surface, the frame being made up of at least two spaced-apart front (24, 6, 50, 151, 55) and rear (26, 4, 14, 555) frame elements, each corresponding to the front and rear exterior surfaces respectively, the frame elements defining an intermediate space therebetween, the said sheet material forming the front and rear exterior surfaces extending over the frame elements,

    characterized in that the said sheet material (32, 2, 52, 110, 10) comprises portions (35, 68, 15 and 16, 171, 172) which are tucked in within the intermediate space at least along one edge of the frame, and in that tension means (38, 40, 46, 50, 54, 60, 60a, 4, 41, 71, 170) cooperate with respective tucked-in portions of the sheet material so as to stretch the sheet material on the frame.
  2. A sheath structure according to claim 1, wherein the flexible sheet material (32, 2, 10) overlying the front and rear exterior surfaces is a one-piece sheet folded over another edge (20) of the frame and the sheet material having side portions (35, 68, 15, 16) thereof tucked in at side edges (20, 22) other than said other edge of the frame within the intermediate space, and tension members (38, 40, 46, 50, 54, 56, 60, 60a, 4, 31) extending within the intermediate space between the tucked-in portions (35, 9, 68, 15 and 16) of the sheet material for providing tension on the sheet material.
  3. A sheath structure according to claim 1, wherein the sheath structure includes two pairs (20) of upstanding frame members, a corresponding one of each pair representing the respective front (24) and rear (26) frame elements of the sheath structure, and each pair defining an intermediate space therebetween such that the flexible sheet material (32) is tucked in within respective pairs of the backrest frame members (22) so that the front exterior surface (33) of the sheath structure represents a front panel.
  4. A sheath structure according to claim 1, wherein the sheet material is in the form of an expandable sleeve (32, 2, 10) with tension means (3, 4, 31) between the edges (9, 15, 16) of the sheet material forming the sleeve, the frame including at least a pair of rigid frame members (6, 4, 50, 55, 66, 555, 104, 140) each having a width greater than that of the sleeve within which the frame is inserted, a hinge (13, 11, 60) formed in the sleeve portion between the frame members, and means (17, 18, 19, 70f, 70m) for closing the sheath structure such that they define an intermediate space therebetween.
  5. A sheath structure according to claim 1, wherein it includes a first frame member (7), a one-piece sleeve (10) formed of pliable sheet material and having opposed edges (15, 16), and tension means (31) extending between the edges for providing tension on the sheet material when fitted over the first frame member (7), a second frame member (50) inserted in the portion of the sleeve extending beyond the first frame member (7) and tension means (31) for providing tension on the sheet material over the second frame member (50), the sleeve portion containing the second frame member (50) being foldable over the sleeve portion containing the first frame member (7), the sleeve including flaps (17, 18) on each end thereof adapted to be folded over the respective frame members (7, 50) and tension means (41) attached to the flaps (17, 18) and to another part of the sheath structure for maintaining the portion of the sleeve including the second frame member (50) secured against to first frame member (7) such that the second frame member (50) forms a body supporting surface.
  6. A sheath structure according to claim 5, wherein the said second frame member (50) is in the form of a plate.
  7. A sheath structure according to claim 1, wherein padding (71) is provided on the front frame (50, 151) element and within the interior of the sheet material (10) forming the front exterior surface.
  8. A sheath structure according to claim 7, wherein the tension on the sheet material is provided by the compression of the padding, the padding being resilient, and the tucked-in portion of the sheet material anchored to the frame elements in the intermediate space.
  9. Application of one of the preceding claims 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 for forming the seat or the backrest of a chair or a panel.
  10. Application of one of the preceding claims 1 and 4 for forming a bag, purse, hand-bag, wallet panel or the like.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Structure de gaine comprenant une matière en feuille souple (32, 2, 10) tendue sur une ossature et présentant des surfaces extérieures avant et arrière espacées l'une de l'autre, l'ossature étant composée d'au moins deux éléments d'ossature avant (24, 6, 50, 151, 55) et arrière (26, 6, 4, 141, 555), espacés l'un de l'autre, chacun d'eux correspondant aux surfaces extérieures avant et arrière respectivement, ces éléments d'ossature définissant entre eux un espace intermédiaire, et ladite matière en feuille souple qui forme les surfaces extérieures avant et arrière s'étendant sur les éléments d'ossature, caractérisée en ce que la matière en feuille (32, 2, 52, 110, 10) comprend des portions (35, 68, 15, 16, 171, 172) repliées à l'intérieur de l'espace intermédiaire, au moins le long d'un bord de ladite ossature, et en ce que des moyens tendeurs (38, 40, 46, 50, 54, 56, 60, 60a, 4, 41, 71, 170) coopèrent avec les portions repliées respectives de ladite matière en feuille de manière à tendre cette matière en feuille sur l'ossature.
  2. Structure de gaine selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la matière en feuille souple (32, 2, 10) qui recouvre les surfaces extérieures avant et arrière est une feuille constituée d'une seule pièce, pliée sur un autre bord (20) de l'ossature, et la matière en feuille a ses portions latérales (35, 68, 15, 16) repliées, à l'endroit des côtés latéraux (20, 22) autres que ledit autre côté de l'ossature, à l'intérieur de l'espace intermédiaire, et les moyens tendeurs (38, 40, 46, 50, 54, 56, 60, 60a, 4, 31) s'étendent à l'intérieur de l'espace intermédiaire entre les portions (35, 9, 68, 15 et 16) repliées de la matière en feuille pour exercer une traction sur cette dernière.
  3. Structure de gaine selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la structure de gaine comprend deux paires d'éléments d'ossature verticaux (20), un élément correspondant de chaque paire représentant les éléments d'ossature avant (24) et arrière (26) de la structure de gaine et les éléments de chaque paire définissent entre eux un espace intermédiaire de façon telle que la matière en feuille souple (32) est rentrée à l'intérieur des paires respectives des éléments d'ossature de dossier (22) de telle sorte que la surface extérieure avant (33) de la structure de gaine représente un panneau avant.
  4. Structure de gaine selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la matière en feuille a la forme d'une gaine expansible (32, 2, 10) avec des moyens tendeurs (3, 4, 31) situés entre les bords (9, 15, 16) de la matière en feuille formant la gaine, l'ossature comprenant au moins une paire d'éléments d'ossature rigides (6, 4, 50, 55, 66, 555, 104, 140) ayant chacun une largeur plus grande que celle de la gaine dans laquelle l'ossature est introduite, une charnière (13, 11, 60) formée dans la portion de la gaine située entre les éléments d'ossature et des moyens (17, 18, 19, 70f, 70m) pour fermer la structure de gaine de manière telle qu'ils définissent entre eux un espace intermédiaire.
  5. Structure de gaine selon la revendication 1, comprenant un premier élément d'ossature (7), une gaine (10) d'une seule pièce faite d'une matière en feuille souple et comportant des bords opposés (15, 16) et des moyens tendeurs (31) s'étendant entre les bords pour exercer une traction sur la matière en feuille lorsque celle-ci est montée sur le premier élément d'ossature (7), un second élément d'ossature (50) introduit dans la portion de la gaine s'étendant au-delà du premier élément d'ossature (7) et des moyens tendeurs (31) pour exercer une traction sur la matière en feuille qui recouvre ledit second élément d'ossature (50), la portion de la gaine contenant le second élément d'ossature (50) pouvant être pliée sur la portion de la gaine contenant le premier élément d'ossature (7), la gaine comprenant, à chacune de ses extrémités, des rabats en prolongement (17, 18) adaptés de manière à être rabattus sur les éléments d'ossature respectifs (7, 50), et des moyens tendeurs (41) fixés auxdits rabats (17, 18) ainsi qu'à une autre partie de la structure de gaine pour maintenir la portion de la gaine comprenant le deuxième élément d'ossature (50) fixé contre le premier élément d'ossature (7), de telle manière que le second élément d'ossature (50) forme une surface de support pour le corps de l'utilisateur.
  6. Structure de gaine selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle ledit second élément d'ossature (50) a la forme d'une plaque.
  7. Structure de gaine selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle un rembourrage (71) est installé sur l'élément d'ossature avant (50, 151) et à l'intérieur de la matière en feuille (10) qui forme la surface extérieure avant.
  8. Structure de gaine selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle la traction exercée sur la matière en feuille est fournie par la compression du rembourrage, celui-ci ayant des propriétés élastiques, et la portion repliée et insérée de la matière en feuille étant fixée aux éléments d'ossature dans l'espace intermédiaire.
  9. Application de l'une des revendications précédentes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 et 8 pour former le siège ou le dossier d'une chaise ou un panneau.
  10. Application de l'une des revendications précédentes, 1, 3 et 4 pour former un sac, un portemonnaie, un sac à main, un portefeuille, un panneau ou tout autre chose semblable.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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