PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0348022 23.06.1994
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0348022
Titel Befestigungsvorrichtung zum lösbaren Zusammenhalten einer Vielzahl von Blättern oder plattenförmigen Teilen, z.B. Druckplatten.
Anmelder Poppapin Ltd., London, GB
Erfinder Niblock, Michael Robert, Beckenham Kent, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 68915342
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, ES, FR, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 28.03.1989
EP-Aktenzeichen 893030676
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.12.1989
EP date of grant 18.05.1994
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.06.1994
IPC-Hauptklasse B42F 3/04

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to releasable fasteners for securing together a plurality of sheet or plate members. The fastener of the invention is particularly, but not exclusively, suitable for securing together two or more colourlithographic printing plates or the sheets of photographic film used in the photolithographic process for making the plates. The invention also concerns a method for releasably securing together a plurality of such lithographic printing plates or sheets of film.

A colourlithographic printing process involves the transfer onto an image receptor sheet of a plurality of different colour components of the required image. The ink for each successive image component is transferred by an offset process, the initial ink pattern being formed on the surface of a specially prepared lithographic plate in the form of a thin metallic sheet secured onto the surface of a carrier roller. To ensure that the successive image components are transferred with exact positional accuracy to provide a sharp composite image, it is known to provide the printing machine with means to locate the printing plates correctly on their respective support rollers. Such locating means normally comprises projections which engage in preformed registration apertures in the printing plates. The equipment used by the printing plate maker is suitably adapted to punch these registration holes in an accepted standard format according to the type of printing machine for which the plates are intended, and also to form the respective colour component print patterns in correct positional relationship with these punched registration holes.

For transport from the plate maker to the printer, each set of plates is assembled as a stack and secured together. This is normally done using pieces of adhesive tape secured at the corners of the stack, but this somewhat crude technique has certain drawbacks. Firstly, the tape must be very carefully applied otherwise the plate may not be sufficiently firmly secured together to prevent face-to-face sliding of the plates which causes damage to the image patterns carried on the faces of the plates. Accordingly, this adhesive tape method is time-consuming and awkward to perform. Secondly, the tape often splits during transport, allowing such sliding to occur, with the above-noted undesirable results. Thirdly, the tape must be completely removed by the printer otherwise printing errors may occur; this tape removal is again a time-consuming and awkward job to perform.

After printing, the printer will normally store the printing plates, and once again each set of plates may for convenience of storage be secured together, for which purpose the above-mentioned troublesome adhesive tape method is normally employed.

The process used by the plate maker for making the printing plates is a photographic process involving the use of sheets of photographic film. These sheets, or transparent carrier sheets on which they are mounted, are also punched with registration holes, to ensure correct relative positioning of the plates and films during the process, and the above-noted problems of securing the sets of films together for transport and storage are commonly encountered.

The present invention aims to alleviate these problems and to that end provides in one aspect a method of releasably and nonslidably securing together a stack of printing plates each of which is provided adjacent an edge thereof with first and second registration apertures for location of the plate in a printing apparatus, the method comprising the steps of assembling the stack of printing plates with their corresponding edges registered and their corresponding first and second apertures aligned in sets, and attaching respective first and second fastening devices to the stack at the respective sets of said first and second aligned apertures, each fastening device comprising an integrally formed, one-piece element which includes first and second fastening portions spaced apart along an elongate flexible connector element, one of said fastening portions having a substantially flat base from which a generally cylindrical spigot element projects, and the other of said fastening portions having an attachment aperture adapted to receive and to form a releasable, snap-action fastening with said spigot element, the attachment step including, in respect of each set of aligned apertures, passing the spigot element of a respective fastening device through that set of aligned apertures from one side of the stack, the spigot element engaging the inside edges of said apertures so as to be substantially immovable laterally with respect to said apertures, then bending the flexible connector element around the registered plate edges of the stack, and fastening said other fastening portion from the other side of the stack by way of said snap-action fastening to the part of the spigot element projecting through to said other side of the stack, whereby said fastening devices substantially prevent relative sliding movement of said printing plates.

The invention also provides a fastening device for releasably securing together a plurality of sheet or plate members assembled in face-to-face or back-to-back contact. AU-B-518608 discloses a one-piece fastener, composed of interfitting parts interconnected by a flexible strip, for grouping together a pile of superimposed perforated sheets. Each part has a head which in use contacts an outer sheet of the pile and a stalk extending substantially at right angles from the head passing through the perforations of the or each sheet. The stalks are mutually connectable by a push fit, one stalk fitting coaxially into the other, and separable by pulling to disconnect the stalks.

While this fastener is quite satisfactory for many applications, it may cause problems when used as a fastening device in a method according to the first aspect of the invention. More particularly, the construction of the fastener could allow a slight degree of relative sliding movement of the top plates if used to fasten together a stack of printing plates, leading to the undesirable damage to the images on the plates, as mentioned earlier.

According to the second aspect of the invention, there is provided a fastening device for releasably securing together a plurality of printing plates assembled in face-to-face or back-to-back contact, said plates being provided with correspondingly positioned, shaped and dimensioned registration apertures, the fastening device comprising an integrally formed, one-piece element which includes first and second fastening portions spaced apart along an elongate flexible connector element, said fastening portions being positionable from opposite sides of the assembly of plates with said connector element extending over an edge of the assembly, said fastening portions being releasably interconnectable, with a generally cylindrical spigot element of one of them projecting through the aligned apertures, wherein said one of the fastening portions is formed with a substantially flat base from which the spigot element projects, said spigot element having a peripheral surface for engaging with inside edges of said apertures, said peripheral surface being capable, throughout a portion of the spigot's length, of so engaging said inside edges as to inhibit relative sliding movement of the plates, characterised in that said portion comprises a lower spigot part adjacent to the base and an upper spigot part contiguous with and projecting upwardly from said lower spigot part, and in that the other fastening portion is formed with an attachment aperture adapted to receive, and to form a releasable, snap-action fastening with, said upper spigot part.

In the disclosed embodiments, the spigot includes an attachment pin which is generally coaxial with, and lies radially inwardly of said peripheral surface, and has in the upper spigot part an outer surface which is formed with a plurality of circumferentially spaced recesses, or undercuts, and wherein the edge of said attachment aperture is formed with a corresponding plurality of circumferentially spaced flexible lips, said lips being adapted to be flexed by insertion of the attachment pin into the attachment aperture and to engage by snap action into the corresponding recesses or undercuts.

In the embodiments, the lower spigot part has a circumferentially continuous wall for engaging in the aligned apertures of the plates, and said upper spigot part comprises a plurality of radially disposed circumferentially spaced elements extending axially away from the lower spigot part in a direction transverse to the plane of the base and having radially outer edges or surfaces which are contiguous with and continue in said direction from said wall, said attachment aperture in said other fastening portion having circumferentially spaced radially disposed aperture portions for receiving said elements of the upper spigot part, the arrangement thereby being such as to be devoid of any circumferentially extending gap between the spigot element and the other fastening portion into which one or more aperture edges of a said plate could slip when the two are mutually attached.

Preferred embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

  • Figure 1 is a plan view of a fastening device according to the present invention;
  • Figure 2 is a side view of the fastening device shown in Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the fastening device of Figure 1, taken on line III-III;
  • Figure 4 is a perspective view of a set of printing plates secured together with two fastening devices of the kind illustrated in Figures 1 to 3;
  • Figure 5 is a sectional view through a fastening device of Figures 1 to 3 as used to secure together a set of printing plates; and
  • Figure 6 illustrates schematically a different way of suspending a set of printing plates or films secured together by a pair of such fastening devices; and
  • Figure 7 is a plan view of a modified form of fastening device.

With reference to Figures 1 to 3, a fastener according to the invention comprises a one-piece element injection moulded from plastics material, e.g. polypropylene, and comprises first and second fastening portions in the form of head members 2 and 3 respectively, interconnected by a connector member in the form of an elongate flexible connecting strip 4. Each head member is generally circular, and is formed with a respective end tag 5, 6, the purpose of which will become clear as the description proceeds.

The first head member 2 comprises a base 9 integrally formed with a spigot 7 including a cylindrical wall 8 projecting with its axis perpendicular to that of the base 9. The spigot 7 includes an attachment peg or pin 10 projecting perpendicularly from the base 9 beyond a chamfered rim 8a of the cylindrical wall 8, as can be best seen in Figure 2. This pin 10 is disposed radially inwardly of the wall 8 and is formed with a tapered head portion 11.

The spigot 7 also includes three radially disposed, equally circumferentially spaced restraining web elements 12 which project from the base 9 and are integrally joined at their radially inner portions to the central pin 10 and at their radially outer portions to the cylindrical wall 8. The radially outer edges 13 of these elements 12 are, as can be seen from Figure 2, continuous with the sectional profile of the wall 8.

Each of the three circumferential portions of the pin 10 between adjacent web elements 12 has an undercut 14.

The second head member 3 is formed with an aperture 15 having a generally circular central portion 16 and three radially disposed, equally circumferentially spaced arms 17. On the side of the head member 3 which, in the flat condition of the device shown in Figures 1 and 2, is on the side opposite to that of the spigot 7, there is formed a cylindrical wall 18 encircling the aperture 15.

With reference to Figure 4 of the drawings, a device described above with reference to Figures 1 to 3 is employed to secure together a stack of lithographic printing plates or photographic films 20 assembled with their registration holes 21 aligned. To secure the fastener, the spigot 7 of the first head member is pushed into the aligned holes 21 from one side of the stack until the base 9 comes into engagement with the outer face of the plate on that side; the height H of the cylindrical wall 7 is preferably slightly greater than the combined thickness of five standard printing plates this being the number in a standard colour lithographic plate set so that it will just project from the other side of the stack, as shown in Figure 5. In one preferred embodiment for use with plates of 0.5mm thickness this dimension H is approximately 3.3mm. In fact, a device with this magnitude of dimension H would accommodate a stack of up to seven such plates. The flexible connector 4 is then bent round the edge 22 of the stack of plates or films and the head member 3 is pushed onto the projecting head 11 of the pin 10 and portions 12 of the spigot. The arms 17 of the aperture 16 are correspondingly positioned with the retaining members 12 so as to accommodate them when the two head members are thus pushed together. Each pair of circumferentially adjacent arms 17 defines between them a respective flexible lip 23 which flexes outwardly as it rides down the surface of the conical head 11 during this attachment process, and eventually snaps back into the corresponding undercut 14. The diameter of the circular central portion 16 of the aperture 15 is smaller than the overall outer diameter of the pin 10 and accordingly the lips 23 engage tightly in the undercuts 14 to retain the fastener in the securing position shown in Figure 5.

The tags 5 and 6 facilitate manual separation of the second head member 3 from the pin 10, and subsequent removal of the first head member 2 from the aligned apertures 21 of the printing plates.

It will be seen that the fastener not only holds the printing plates together, but also inhibits any face-to-face sliding between them, which sliding could otherwise damage the component image patterns on their surfaces. This inhibition of sliding is accomplished by making the outer diameter of the spigot substantially the same as the diameter of the apertures 21. Furthermore, since the radial projection of the three retaining webs 12 corresponds with the radius of the cylindrical wall 8, their outer edges 24 are contiguous with the sectional profile of the wall 8 as can be seen in Figure 5. Since these members 24 project right through the second head member 3 there is no possibility of the aperture edge portion of the plate 20a sliding between the chamfered upper rim 8a of the cylindrical wall 8 and the underface of the head member 3.

In the fastened position shown in Figure 4, the two fasteners 1 provide a pair of loops by which the printing plate stack may be suspended from a storage hanging bar 26, as illustrated in Figure 6. Figure 7 shows a modified form of fastener having a form of spigot 7&min; specially adapted to pass through a well-known form of non-circular registration aperture commonly used in lithographic printing techniques as a variant to the circular aperture..

Clearly, the shape of the spigot can be adapted for any shape of registration aperture.

It will be appreciated that the above-described fastener is quick and easy to use and provides a secure and efficient means for releasably fixing printing plates together using an existing characteristic feature of such plates, namely the registration apertures.

Although the present invention has been described in terms of a fastener device for printing plates, it will be appreciated that the disclosed device, or modified forms thereof may be used for securing other kinds of perforated sheet or plate members, e.g. paper sheets.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum lösbaren und nichtrutschenden gegenseitigen Befestigen eines Stapels von Druckplatten (20), von denen jede angrenzend an eine Kante desselben angeordnet ist, mit einer ersten und einer zweiten Ausrichtungsöffnung (21) zum Positionieren der Platte in einer Druckvorrichtung, welches Verfahren folgende Schritte aufweist: Zusammensetzung des Stapels von Druckplatten mit Ausrichtung ihrer entsprechenden Kanten, wobei ihre entsprechenden ersten und zweiten Öffnungen satzweise ausgerichtet sind, und Befestigen jeweiliger erster und zweiter Befestigungsvorrichtungen (1) am Stapel an den jeweiligen Sätzen der ersten und zweiten ausgerichteten Öffnungen, wobei jede Befestigungsvorrichtung ein integral ausgebildetes, einstückiges Element aufweist, das einen ersten und einen zweiten Befestigungsabschnitt (2, 3) aufweist, die entlang eines langgestreckten, flexiblen Verbindungselements (4) voneinander beabstandet sind, wobei einer der Befestigungsabschnitte einen im wesentlichen flachen Träger aufweist, von dem ein im wesentlichen zylindrisches Zapfenelement (7) vorspringt, und wobei die anderen Befestigungsabschnitte eine Halterungsöffnung aufweisen, die so ausgebildet ist, daß sie eine lösbare, einschnappende Befestigung mit dem Zapfenelement bildet, wobei der Befestigungsschritt das Folgende für jeden Satz ausgerichteter Öffnungen beinhaltet: Hindurchführen des Zapfenelements einer jeweiligen Befestigungsvorrichtung durch den Satz ausgerichteter Öffnungen von einer Seite des Stapels aus, wobei das Zapfenelement mit den Innenkanten der Öffnungen so in Eingriff steht, daß es im wesentlichen in Querrichtung in bezug auf die Öffnungen unbeweglich ist, anschließendes Umbiegen des flexiblen Verbindungselements um die ausgerichteten Plattenkanten des Stapels, und Befestigen des anderen Befestigungsabschnitts von der anderen Seite des Stapels durch Einschnappbefestigung in denjenigen Teil des Zapfenelements, der durch die andere Seite des Stapels durchdringt, wodurch die Befestigungsvorrichtungen eine Relativgleitbewegung der Druckplatten im wesentlichen verhindern.
  2. Befestigungsvorrichtung (1) zum lösbaren gegenseitigen Befestigen mehrerer Druckplatten (20), die in Vorderseite-zu-Vorderseite- oder Rückseite-zu-Rückseite-Kontakt zusammengesetzt sind, wobei die Platten mit übereinstimmend positionierten, geformten und abgemessenen Ausrichtungsöffnungen (21) versehen sind, welche Befestigungsvorrichtung ein integral ausgebildetes, einstückiges Element aufweist, das einen ersten und einen zweiten Befestigungsabschnitt (2, 3) aufweist, die voneinander entlang eines langgestreckten, flexiblen Verbindungselements (4) beabstandet sind, wobei die Befestigungsabschnitte von entgegengesetzten Seiten der Plattenanordnung her so positionierbar sind, daß das Verbindungselement sich über eine Kante der Anordnung erstreckt, wobei die Befestigungsabschnitte lösbar mit einem im wesentlichen zylindrischen Zapfenelement (7) verbindbar sind, von denen eines durch die ausgerichteten Öffnungen hindurchdringt, wobei der eine der Befestigungsabschnitte (2) mit einem im wesentlichen ebenen Träger (9) ausgebildet ist, von dem das Zapfenelement (7) hochsteht, wobei das Zapfenelement eine Umfangsfläche zum Eingriff mit den Innenkanten der Öffnungen aufweist, welche Umfangsfläche dazu in der Lage ist, über einen Teil der Länge des Zapfens so an den Innenkanten anzugreifen, daß eine Relativgleitbewegung der Platten verhindert wird, dadurch gekenzeichnet, daß der Abschnitt einen unteren Zapfenteil (8) anschließend an den Träger und einen oberen Zapfenteil (12) aufweist, der mit dem unteren Zapfenteil zusammenhängt und von diesem nach oben hochsteht, und daß der andere Befestigungsabschnitt (3) mit einer Befestigungsöffnung (15) versehen ist, die so ausgebildet ist, daß sie den oberen Zapfenteil aufnimmt und mit diesem eine lösbare, einschnappende Befestigung bildet.
  3. Befestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, bei der der Zapfen einen Halterungsstift (10) aufweist, der im wesentlichen koaxial zur besagten Umfangsfläche ist und radial innerhalb derselben liegt und der im oberen Zapfenteil eine Außenfläche aufweist, die mit mehreren in Umfangsrichtung voneinander beabstandeten Vertiefungen oder Hinterschneidungen (14) ausgebildet ist, und wobei die Kante der Halterungsöffnung mit einer entsprechenden Mehrzahl in Umfangsrichtung beabstandeter flexibler Lippen (23) ausgebildet ist, die so ausgebildet sind, daß sie durch Einführen des Halterungsstifts in die Halterungsöffnung umgebogen werden und durch Einschnappwirkung in die entsprechenden Aussparungen oder Hinterschneidungen eingreifen.
  4. Befestigungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2 oder Anspruch 3, bei der der untere Zapfenteil eine in Umfangsrichtung zusammenhängende Wand (8) für Eingriff in die ausgerichteten Öffnungen der Platten aufweist, und bei der der obere Zapfenteil mehrere radial angeordnete, in Umfangsrichtung beabstandete Elemente (12) aufweist, die sich axial vom unteren Zapfenteil in einer Richtung quer zur Ebene des Trägers wegstrecken und radiale Außenkanten oder Flächen (13) aufweisen, die mit der Wand (8) zusammenhängen und sich in Richtung derselben fortsetzen, wobei die Halterungsöffnungen (15) im anderen Befestigungsabschnitt in Umfangsrichtung beabstandete, radial angeordnete Öffnungsabschnitte (17) zum Aufnehmen der Elemente (12) des oberen Zapfenteils aufweisen, wobei die Anordnung dergestalt ist, daß sie frei von jeglichen sich in Umfangsrichtung erstreckenden Spalten zwischen dem Zapfenelement und dem anderen Befestigungsabschnitt ist, in den eine Öffnungskante der Platte oder mehrere hineinrutschen kann bzw. können, wenn die zwei aneinander befestigt werden.
  5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem jede Befestigungsvorrichtung eine solche gemäß einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 4 ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of releasably and nonslidably securing together a stack of printing plates (20) each of which is provided adjacent an edge thereof with first and second registration apertures (21) for location of the plate in a printing apparatus, the method comprising the steps of assembling the stack of printing plates with their corresponding edges registered and their corresponding first and second apertures aligned in sets, and attaching respective first and second fastening devices (1) to the stack at the respective sets of said first and second aligned apertures, each fastening device comprising an integrally formed, one-piece element which includes first and second fastening portions (2,3) spaced apart along an elongate flexible connector element (4), one of said fastening portions having a substantially flat base from which a generally cylindrical spigot element (7) projects, and the other of said fastening portions having an attachment aperture adapted to receive and to form a releasable, snap-action fastening with said spigot element, the attachment step including, in respect of each set of aligned apertures, passing the spigot element of a respective fastening device through that set of aligned apertures from one side of the stack, the spigot element engaging the inside edges of said apertures so as to be substantially immovable laterally with respect to said apertures, then bending the flexible connector element around the registered plate edges of the stack, and fastening said other fastening portion from the other side of the stack by way of said snap-action fastening to the part of the spigot element projecting through to said other side of the stack, whereby said fastening devices substantially prevent relative sliding movement of said printing plates.
  2. A fastening device (1) for releasably securing together a plurality of printing plates (20) assembled in face-to-face or back-to-back contact, said plates being provided with correspondingly positioned, shaped and dimensioned registration apertures (21), the fastening device comprising an integrally formed, one-piece element which includes first and second fastening portions (2,3) spaced apart along an elongate flexible connector element (4), said fastening portions being positionable from opposite sides of the assembly of plates with said connector element extending over an edge of the assembly, said fastening portions being releasably interconnectable, with a generally cylindrical spigot element (7) of one of them projecting through the aligned apertures, wherein said one of the fastening portions (2) is formed with a substantially flat base (9) from which the spigot element (7) projects, said spigot element having a peripheral surface for engaging with inside edges of said apertures, said peripheral surface being capable, throughout a portion of the spigot's length, of so engaging said inside edges as to inhibit relative sliding movement of the plates, characterised in that said portion comprises a lower spigot part (8) adjacent to the base and an upper spigot part (12) contiguous with and projecting upwardly from said lower spigot part, and in that the other fastening portion (3) is formed with an attachment aperture (15) adapted to receive, and to form a releasable, snap-action fastening with, said upper spigot part.
  3. A fastening device according to claim 2 wherein said spigot includes an attachment pin (10) which is generally coaxial with, and lies radially inwardly of said peripheral surface, and has in the upper spigot part an outer surface which is formed with a plurality of circumferentially spaced recesses, or undercuts (14) and wherein the edge of said attachment aperture is formed with a corresponding plurality of circumferentially spaced flexible lips (23), said lips being adapted to be flexed by insertion of the attachment pin into the attachment aperture and to engage by snap action into the corresponding recesses or undercuts.
  4. A fastening device according to claim 2 or claim 3 wherein said lower spigot part has a circumferentially continuous wall (8) for engaging in the aligned apertures of the plates, and wherein said upper spigot part comprises a plurality of radially disposed circumferentially spaced elements (12) extending axially away from the lower spigot part in a direction transverse to the plane of the base and having radially outer edges or surfaces (13) which are contiguous with and continue in said direction from said wall (8), said attachment apertures (15) in said other fastening portion having circumferentially spaced radially disposed aperture portions (17) for receiving said elements (12) of the upper spigot part, the arrangement thereby being such as to be devoid of any circumferentially extending gap between the spigot element and the other fastening portion into which one or more aperture edges of a said plate could slip when the two are mutually attached.
  5. A method according to claim 1, wherein each fastening device is in accordance with any of claims 2 to 4.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé pour fixer ensemble de manière libérable et non coulissante un empilage de plaques d'impression (20) munies chacune de première et seconde ouvertures de repérage (21) adjacentes à l'un de ses bords destinées à positionner la plaque dans un dispositif d'impression, le procédé comportant les étapes consistant à assembler l'empilage de plaques d'impression en mettant leurs bords correspondants en registre et leurs première et seconde ouvertures correspondantes alignées en formant des ensembles, et fixer des premier et second dispositifs de fixation (1) respectifs sur l'empilage au niveau des ensembles respectifs dedites première et seconde ouvertures alignées, chaque dispositif de fixation comportant un élément en une seule pièce formé venu de matière qui comporte une première et une seconde parties de fixation (2, 3) écartées le long d'un élément (4) formant connecteur souple allongé, une première desdites parties de fixation ayant une base pratiquement plate à partir de laquelle fait saillie un élément (7) formant ergot de manière générale cylindrique, et l'autre desdites parties de fixation ayant une ouverture de fixation adaptée pour recevoir ledit élément formant ergot et former avec celui-ci une fixation par encliquetage, libérable, l'étape de fixation consistant pour chaque ensemble d'ouvertures alignées à faire passer l'élément formant ergot d'un dispositif de fixation respectif à travers cet ensemble d'ouvertures alignées à partir d'un premier côté de l'empilage, l'élément formant ergot coopérant avec les bords intérieurs desdites ouvertures de manière à être pratiquement immobile latéralement par rapport auxdites ouvertures, recourber ensuite l'élément formant connecteur souple autour des bords de plaques en registre de l'empilage, et fixer ladite autre partie de fixation à partir de l'autre côté de l'empilage par l'intermédiaire de ladite fixation par encliquetage sur la partie de l'élément formant ergot faisant saillie à travers ledit autre côté de l'empilage, de sorte que lesdits dispositifs de fixation empêchent pratiquement le déplacement coulissant relatif desdites plaques d'impression.
  2. Dispositif de fixation (1) pour fixer ensemble de manière libérable plusieurs plaques d'impression (20) assemblées en contact face sur face ou dos à dos, lesdites plaques étant munies d'ouvertures de repérage (21) positionnées, formées et dimensionnées de manière correspondante, le dispositif de fixation comportant un élément en une seule pièce formé venu de matière qui comporte une première et une seconde parties de fixation (2,3) écartées le long d'un élément (4) formant connecteur souple allongé, lesdites parties de fixation pouvant être positionnées à partir des côtés opposés de l'ensemble de plaques, ledit élément formant connecteur s'étendant au-dessus d'un bord de l'ensemble, lesdites parties de fixation pouvant être reliées de manière libérable, un élément (7) formant ergot de manière générale cylindrique de l'une d'entre elles faisant saillie à travers les ouvertures alignées, dans lequel ladite première des parties de fixation (2) est formée ayant une base (9) pratiquement plate à partir de laquelle fait saillie l'élément (7) formant ergot, ledit élément formant ergot ayant une surface périphérique destinée à venir en contact avec les bords intérieurs desdites ouvertures, ladite surface périphérique étant capable, sur une partie de la longueur de l'ergot, de venir ainsi en contact avec lesdits bords intérieurs de manière à empêcher un mouvement coulissant relatif des plaques, caractérisé en ce que ladite partie comporte une partie (8) formant ergot inférieur adjacente à la base et une partie (12) formant ergot supérieur contiguë à la partie formant ergot inférieur et faisant saillie vers le haut à partir de celle-ci, et en ce que l'autre partie de fixation (3) est formée munie d'une ouverture de fixation (15) adaptée pour recevoir ladite partie formant ergot supérieur et pour former une fixation par encliquetage libérable avec celle-ci.
  3. Dispositif de fixation selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit ergot comporte un axe de fixation (10) qui est de manière générale coaxial à ladite surface périphérique et s'étend radialement vers l'intérieur de celle-ci, et comporte dans la partie formant ergot supérieur une surface extérieure qui est formée ayant plusieurs cavités ou découpes (14) espacées circonférentiellement et dans lequel le bord de ladite ouverture de fixation est formé ayant plusieurs lèvres souples (23) correspondantes espacées circonférentiellement, lesdites lèvres étant adaptées pour être infléchies par insertion de l'axe de fixation dans l'ouverture de fixation et pour venir en prise par action d'encliquetage dans les cavités ou découpes correspondantes.
  4. Dispositif de fixation selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel ladite partie formant ergot inférieur comporte une paroi (8) continue circonférentiellement destinée à venir en prise dans les ouvertures alignées des plaques, et dans lequel ladite partie formant ergot supérieur comporte plusieurs éléments (12) espacés circonférentiellement agencés radialement s'étendant axialement en s'éloignant de la partie formant ergot inférieur dans une direction transversale au plan de la base et ayant des bords ou surfaces (13) radialement extérieurs qui sont contigus à ladite paroi (8) et se prolongent dans ladite direction à partir de celle-ci, lesdites ouvertures de fixation (15) situées dans ladite autre partie de fixation ayant des parties (17) formant ouverture disposées radialement en étant écartées circonférentiellement destinées à recevoir lesdits éléments (12) de la partie formant ergot supérieur, l'agencement étant ainsi exempt de tout espace s'étendant circonférentiellement entre l'élément formant ergot et l'autre partie de fixation dans lequel un ou plusieurs bords d'ouverture de ladite plaque pourraient coulisser lorsque les deux sont mutuellement fixés.
  5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chaque dispositif de fixation est réalisé conformément à l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 4.






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