PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0555240 29.02.1996
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0555240
Titel SCHEIBENARTIGE MÜNZSORTIERVORRICHTUNG MIT EINSTELLBARER EICHVORRICHTUNG
Anmelder Cummins-Allison Corp., Mount Prospect, Ill., US
Erfinder TODD, William, M., Tullahome, TN 37388, US;
RASMUSSEN, James, M., Chicago, IL 60630, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69116568
Vertragsstaaten DE, GB
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 24.09.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 919176347
WO-Anmeldetag 24.09.1991
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9106935
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9208212
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 14.05.1992
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 18.08.1993
EP date of grant 17.01.1996
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.02.1996
IPC-Hauptklasse G07D 3/16
IPC-Nebenklasse G07D 3/12   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates generally to coin sorting and, more particularly to coin sorters of the type which use a resilient disc rotating beneath a stationary sorting head for sorting coins of mixed denominations.

EP-A-0,301,683 discloses a coin sorting apparatus and rotating disc with the features of the generic part of claim 6. Such a coin sorting apparatus comprises a pad mounted on and rotated by a turn table. Coins fed into the sorter are guided around the pad by a stationary guide plate which causes the coins to be arranged in single file and displaces the coins along a first circular path. Displacing means radially offsets the inner edges of coins of the selected denomination from the inner edges of coins of other denominations. The coins of the selected denomination displaced along a second spiral path. First and second paths lead to separate exit locations so that for example the single denomination of coin can be separated from a mix of coins.

EP-A-0,285,240 discloses a coin sorting mechanism with a rotatably mounted coin-carrying disc and a guide plate. The coins fed between guide plate and disc are supplied to the referencing region in which the radially outer edges of the coins of all denominations are positioned at a common radial location and therefore the radial inner edges of the coins are positioned at different radial locations determined by the diameters of the respective coins. Sorting means are arranged around the outer periphery of the guide plate for sorting coins of different denominations according to the different radial locations of their radially inner edges.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a method of sorting coins and a coin sorting apparatus which is capable of sorting and discharging any desired combination of coin denominations from a mixture of coins of different denominations in a versatile and low cost way.

In accordance with the present invention, the foregoing object is realized by providing a method of sorting coins with the features of claim 1 and by providing a coin sorting apparatus with the features of claim 6.

Correspondingly, the coins are first referenced according to the inner edges and then by use of a adjustable guide member that can be adjusted in position to alter the selected denominations the coins are displaced inwardly to sort a desired combination of coin denominations from a mixture of coins of different denomination that are discharged at the various discharge stations. As used herein, the term "coins" includes tokens.

  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a coin sorter embodying the present invention, with portions thereof broken away to show the internal structure;
  • FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary top plan view of a portion of the coin sorter shown in FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a section taken generally along line 3-3 in FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 4 is a bottom plan view of the sorting head in the coin sorter of FIGS. 1-3;
  • FIG. 5 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 5-5 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 6 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 6-6 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 7 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 7-7 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 8 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 8-8 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 9 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 9-9 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 10 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 10-10 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 11 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 11-11 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 11a is the same section shown in FIG. 11 but with the movable guide member in a different operative position;
  • FIG. 12 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 12-12 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 13 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 13-13 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 14 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 14-14 in FIG. 4;
  • FIG. 15 is the same bottom plan view of the sorting head shown in FIG. 4 but with the movable guide member in a different operative position; and
  • FIG. 16 is a section taken generally along line 16-16 in FIG. 15.

While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, a specific embodiment thereof has been shown by way of example in the drawings and will be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that it is not intended to limit the invention to the particular form described, but, on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Turning now to the drawings and referring first to FIG. 1, a hopper 10 receives coins of mixed denominations and feeds them through a central opening in an annular sorting head or guide plate 12. As the coins pass through the central opening, they are deposited on the top surface of a rotatable disc 13. This disc 13 is mounted for rotation on a stub shaft (not shown) and driven by an electric motor 15. The disc 13 comprises a resilient pad 16, preferably made of a resilient rubber or polymeric material, bonded or held to the top surface of a rigid disc 17.

As the disc 13 is rotated, the coins deposited on the top surface thereof tend to slide outwardly over the surface of the pad due to centrifugal force. As the coins move outwardly, those coins which are lying flat on the pad enter the gap between the pad surface and the guide plate 12 because the underside of the inner periphery of this plate is spaced above the pad 16 by a distance which is about the same as the thickness of the thickest coin.

As can be seen most clearly in FIG. 4, the outwardly moving coins initially enter an annular recess 20 formed in the underside of the guide plate 12 and extending around a major portion of the inner periphery of the annular guide plate. The outer wall 21 of the recess 20 extends downwardly to the lowermost surface 22 of the guide plate (see FIG. 5), which is spaced slightly from the top surface of the pad 16, e.g., by 0,25 mm (0.010 inch),which is a distance slightly less than the thickness of the thinnest coins. Consequently, the initial radial movement of the coins is terminated when they engage the wall 21 of the recess 20, though the coins continue to move circumferentially along the wall 21 by the rotational movement of the pad 16.

The only portion of the central opening of the guide plate 12 which does not open directly into the recess 20 is that sector of the periphery which is occupied by a land 23 whose lower surface is at the same elevation as the lowermost surface 22 of the guide plate. As single-layer coins within the recess 20 approach the land 23, those coins move outwardly around the land 23 and engage a ramp 24 leading into a spiral channel 25 which is an outward extension of the inner peripheral recess 20. The channel 25 is preferably just slightly wider than the diameter of the coin denomination having the greatest diameter. The top surface of the major portion of the channel 25 is spaced away from the top of the pad 16 by a distance that is less than the thickness of the thinnest coin so that the coins are gripped between the guide plate 12 and the resilient pad 16 as they are rotated through the channel 25 (see FIG. 7). Thus, as seen in FIG. 4, coins which move into the channel 25 are all rotated into engagement with the outwardly spiralling inner wall 26, and then continue to move outwardly through the channel 25 with the inner edges of all the coins riding along the spiral wall 26.

When two or more coins are stacked on top of each other, they may be pressed into the resilient pad 16 even within the deep peripheral recess 20, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 7. Consequently, stacked coins can be located at different radial positions within the recess 20 as they approach the land 23. When such a pair of stacked coins has only partially entered the recess 20, they are cammed outwardly into the spiral channel 25 where they are rotated into engagement with the inner wall 26 of the channel 25. Similarly, when a stacked pair of coins has moved radially out into the recess 20 before reaching the land 23, those stacked coins also engage the inner spiral wall 26. The vertical dimension of the wall 26 is slightly less than the thickness of the thinnest coin, so the lower coin in a stacked pair passes beneath the wall and is recycled while the upper coin in the stacked pair is cammed outwardly along the wall 26. Thus, as shown in FIG. 16, the two coins are stripped apart with the upper coin moving along the guide wall 26, while the lower coin is recycled across the land surface 23.

Coins which pass beneath the wall 26 are rotated across the land 23 into a recycle channel 27 which guides those coins along the outer vertical wall 27a back into the recess 20. Such coins are then recirculated along the wall 21 back to the spiral channel 25 (see FIGS. 4, 9, 15 and 16).

As can be seen in FIGS. 4, 6 and 7, a narrow band 25a of the top surface of the channel 25 adjacent its inner wall 26 is spaced away from the pad 16 by approximately the thickness of the thinnest coin. This ensures that coins of all denominations (but only the upper coin in a stacked or shingled pair) are securely engaged by the wall 26 as it spirals outwardly. The remainder of the top surface of the channel 25 tapers downwardly from the band 25a to the outer edge 25b of the channel 25. This taper causes the coins to be tilted slightly as they move through the channel 25, as can be seen in FIG. 7, thereby further ensuring continuous engagement of the coins with the outwardly spiralling inner wall 26.

Rotation of the pad 16 continues to move the coins along the wall 26 until those coins engage ramps 28 sloping downwardly from the channel 25-25a to a region 22a of the lowermost surface 22 of the guide plate 12 (see FIG. 8). Because the surface 22a is located even closer to the pad 16 than the inner portion of the channel 25 (see FIG. 7), the effect of the ramps 28 is to further depress the coins into the resilient pad 16 as the coins are advanced along the ramp by the rotating disc. This causes the coins to be even more firmly gripped between the guide plate surface region 22a and the resilient pad 16, thereby securely holding the coins in a fixed radial position 26a as they continue to be rotated along the underside of the guide plate by the rotating disc.

As the coins are rotated along the region 22a, they enter a referencing region containing an arcuate recess 30 (FIG. 10) whose inner edge 30a follows a radius slightly larger than that of the inner edges 26a of the coins (as determined by the radius 26a of the end of the spiral inner wall 26 -- see FIG. 4). Thus, all coin denominations are still pressed firmly against the resilient pad 16. Within the referencing recess 30, a movable arcuate guide member 31 (FIGS. 4, 11 and 11a) is positioned to engage the outer edges of selected coin denominations (as well as denominations of larger diameter than the selected denominations) and displace the engaged coins radially inwardly. The radial position of this guide member 31 determines which coin denominations are discharged via each of three exit channels 40, 41 and 42 formed in the guide plate 12 downstream of the guide member 31.

The exit channels 40, 41 and 42 function as selecting means to discharge coins of different denominations at different circumferential locations around the periphery of the guide plate 12. Thus, the channels 40-42 are spaced circumferentially around the outer periphery of the plate 12, with the innermost edges of successive channels located at different radial positions for receiving and ejecting coins of different denominations. The coins of any denominations that reach a given exit channel with their innermost edges extending inwardly beyond the innermost edge of that particular channel cannot enter the channel and, therefore, continue on to the next exit channel.

The cross-sectional profile of the three exit channels 40, 41 and 42 are shown in FIGS. 12, 13 and 14, respectively. At least a portion of the width of each exit channel has a depth 40b (FIG. 12) that is less than the thickness of the thinnest coin, so that all coins are pressed into the resilient pad 16 as the coins are discharged through any of the three channels 40-42. The width of the two exit channels 41 and 42 is just slightly greater than the diameter of the coin denomination having the largest diameter (e.g., the half dollar in U.S. coins) so that these two channels can receive coins of any denomination. The exit channel 40 has a width slightly smaller than the diameter of the largest coin denomination so that this channel can receive all but the largest of the coins. All three exit channels 40-42 extend outwardly to the periphery of the guide plate 12 so that the inner edges of the channels guide the respective coins therein outwardly and eventually discharge those coins from between the guide plate 12 and the resilient pad 16 (FIG. 1).

The position of the adjustable guide member 31 determines the radial positions of the inner edges of all coin denominations which engage that guide member. The radial positions of those inner edges, in turn, determine which coin denominations are captured in each of the two exit recesses 41 and 42. All coin denominations which do not engage the guide member 31 continue past the guide member with their inner edges still at the radial position 26a set by the end of the spiral wall 26; consequently, all these coins are captured in the first exit channel 40 because the innermost edge 40a of the channel 40 is located at a radius just slightly smaller than the radius 26a of the downstream end of the spiral wall 26.

For example, if the guide member 31 is positioned to select pennies (see FIGS. 24), it displaces pennies and all coin denominations having diameters larger than that of the penny. Thus, as shown in FIG. 4, all coin denominations except the dime will be displaced inwardly. Dimes will then be discharged via the first exit channel 40 (FIG. 12), pennies will be discharged via the second exit channel 41 (FIG. 13), and all other coins will be discharged via the third exit channel 41 (FIG. 14). If the guide member is positioned to engage nickels and all larger coins (see FIG. 15), both dimes and pennies will be discharged via the first exit channel 40, nickels will be discharged via the second exit channel 41, and quarters, dollars and half dollars will be discharged via the third exit channel 42. Of course, the coin mixture being sorted will not always contain all six coin denominations.

The adjustable guide member 31 permits a sorter which is relatively simple and small, and therefore relatively inexpensive, to be used for virtually any coin-sorting application. In actual use, many coin sorters are used primarily to sort only three denominations of coins, such as in sorting the coins collected from vending machines or pay telephones. And yet if there is an occasional need to sort different denominations, or more than three denominations, or to sort out tokens, the guide member can be adjusted to sort any desired combination. To sort a batch of coins containing more than three denominations, the guide member is set to sort two denominations initially, and is then re-set to sort the remaining denominations.

For example, in a typical application the adjustable guide member 31 is set to sort a mixture of dimes, nickels and quarters by discharging dimes via the first exit channel 40, nickels via the second exit channel 41, and quarters via the third exit channel 42. Then if it is desired to use that same sorter to sort pennies, dollars, and half dollars, the guide member is re-positioned so that pennies are discharged via the first channel 40, dollars via the second channel 41 and half dollars via the third channel 42. To sort a mixture of dimes, pennies, nickels, quarter and half dollars, the guide member is initially set to discharge dimes via exit channel 40, pennies via exit channel 41 and the other three denominations via exit channel 42; the guide member is then re-set to discharge nickels via channel 40, quarters via channel 41 and half dollars via channel 42, and the three denominations discharged from exit channel 42 are fed through the sorter again.

A preferred construction for the adjustable guide member 31 is shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. In this embodiment, the guide member 31 comprises a metal block 50 mounted on the outer periphery on the guide plate 12 and forming a thin guide plate 51 which is cantilevered into a complementary recess 52 formed in the lower surface of the guide plate 12 along its outer periphery. The inner edge 51a of the plate 51 forms the adjustable guide surface which engages the outer edges of selected coin denominations.

The major portion of the block 50 extends upwardly along the outer periphery of the plate 12 to the top surface of the plate, where the adjustment mechanism is mounted. The adjustment mechanism includes a guide rod 53 which extends in a radial direction and passes through a pair of bushing blocks 54 and 55. The outer bushing block 54 is fastened to the block 50, and the inner bushing block 55 is fastened to the top of the guide plate 12. The outer end of the guide rod 53 is held in place by a nut 56 threaded onto a reduced end portion of the guide rod, and the inner end of the rod 53 receives a coil spring 57 which is compressed and held in place by a plate 58 and a locking washer 59 inserted into a groove near the inner end of the guide rod 53. The spring 57 applies a constant inward radial force to the outer bushing block 54, urging that block toward the inner bushing block 55. The inner block 55 is rigidly fixed to the stationary guide plate 12, while the outer bushing block 54 is carried on the movable block 50. Consequently, the space between the two bushing blocks 54 and 55 determines the radial position of the coin-guiding inner edge 51a of the cantilevered plate 51. As illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3, this critical space between the two bushing blocks 54 and 55 may be set by inserting a coin of the desired denomination between the opposed surfaces of the blocks 54 and 55. For example, if a penny is inserted between the surfaces, the inner edge 51a of the guide plate 51 is positioned to engage the outer edges of pennies and all larger coins, thereby causing only pennies to be discharged via the second exit channel 41. All larger coins are exited through the third exit channel 42, while dimes are discharged via the first exit channel 40. It will be recognized, of course, that various other calibrating techniques may be utilized to control the spacing between the two bushing blocks. For example, the bushing blocks could be mounted on a threaded shaft, with a calibrated scale located adjacent the blocks for indicating the proper positions of the blocks for selecting different coin denominations to be discharged via the middle exit channel 41.

Instead of gaging the inner edges of the coins before they reach the adjustable guide member, the coins could be gaged on their outer edges. Indeed, the coins need not be gaged at all, as long as they are in a single layer and in single file as they approach the adjustable guide member.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Aussortieren von Münzen mit einem Durchmesser gleich oder geringer einer vorbestimmten Größe von sowohl Münzen mit einem Durchmesser gleich der vorbestimmten Größe und von Münzen mit einem Durchmesser größer als der vorbestimmten Größe in einer scheibenartigen Münzsortiervorrichtung, welche vorbestimmte Größe einer bestimmten Münzensorte oder Münzenwertigkeit entspricht, wobei die scheibenartige Münzsortiervorrichtung eine drehbare Scheibe (13) mit einer elastischen Oberfläche (16) zur Aufnahme der Münzen und zur Übertragung einer Drehbewegung auf die Münzen und einen stationären Sortierkopf (12) mit einer profilierten Oberfläche, welche etwas beabstandet und im allgemeinen parallel zur elastischen Oberfläche (16) der drehbaren Scheibe (13) angeordnet ist, aufweist, wobei weiterhin der Sortierkopf (12) eine Vielzahl von Austragestationen (40, 41, 42) bildet, die entlang des Umfangs des Kopfes zum selektiven Austragen von Münzen gemäß der radialen Positionierung von Kanten der Münzen angeordnet sind, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte aufweist:
    • Drehen der Scheibe (13) unterhalb des Sortierkopfes (12), während zwischen Scheibe und Sortierkopf Münzen zugeführt werden;
    • Anordnen der Münzen in einer einzelnen Schicht und einer einzigen Reihe; und
    • Angreifen an Kanten der Münzen mit einem Durchmesser gleich der vorbestimmten Größe und der Münzen mit einem Durchmesser größer als der vorbestimmten Größe und Verschieben dieser Münzen, so daß Münzen mit einem Durchmesser gleich der vorbestimmten Größe und Münzen mit einem Durchmesser größer als der vorbestimmte Größe zum Austragen über verschiedene der Austragestation (40, 41, 42) im Vergleich zu Münzen mit einem Durchmesser geringer als der vorbestimmten Größe positioniert werden, wobei die vorbestimmte Größe veränderbar zur Übereinstimmung mit einer unterschiedlichen Sorte von Münzen zur Veränderung der bei den Austragestationen ausgetragenen Münzsorten ist, wobei unterschiedliche Kombinationen von Münzsorten sortiert und bei den Austragestationen durch Veränderung der vorbestimmten Größe ausgetragen werden können.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß in dem Anordnungsschritt innere Kanten aller Münzen entlang eines gemeinsamen Weges (51a) so ausgerichtet werden, daß äußere Kanten von Münzen unterschiedlicher Sorten versetzt zueinander angeordnet sind, wobei der gemeinsame Weg der radialen Position der inneren Kanten der Münzen entspricht, die an der ersten Austragestation (40) ausgetragen werden.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß die Austragestationen (40, 41, 42) in dem Sortierkopf (12) gebildete Ausgabekanäle aufweisen, die Kanten der Ausgabekanäle zueinander radial versetzt sind zur Aufnahme von Münzen, deren entsprechende Kanten in unterschiedlichen radialen Positionen angeordnet sind, und wobei in dem Schritt des Angreifens und Verschiebens der Münzen mit einem Durchmesser gleich dem vorbestimmten Durchmesser und der Münzen mit einem Durchmesser größer als der vorbestimmten Größe ausgerichtete Münzen mit einem Durchmesser geringer als der vorbestimmten Größe veranlaßt werden, von der Austragestation mit dem Ausgabekanal in der äußersten radialen Position ausgetragen zu werden.
  4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß die inneren Kanten der Münzen entlang des gemeinsamen Weges (51a) durch Pressen der Münzen in die elastische Oberfläche (16) ausgerichtet werden, während die Münzen in Umfangsrichtung entlang einer, in dem Sortierkopf (12) gebildeten, nach außwärts spiralförmigen Führungswand (25, 25b) bewegt werde.
  5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß Münzen mit einem Durchmesser nicht geringer als der vorbestimmten Größe durch eine justierbare Führungsfläche (51a) am Sortierkopf (12) ergriffen und radial verschoben werden.
  6. Scheibenartige Münzsortiervorrichtung zur Aufnahme und zum Sortieren Münzen unterschiedlicher Wertigkeiten oder Sorten mit
    • einer drehbaren Scheibe (13) mit einer elastischen Oberfläche (16) zur Aufnahme der vermischten Münzsorten und zur Übertragung einer Drehbewegung auf die vermischten Münzsorten;
    • einer Einrichtung (14, 15) zum Drehen der Scheibe (13),
    • einem stationären Sortierkopf (12) mit einer profilierten Oberfläche, welche etwas beabstandet und im allgemeinen parallel zur elastischen Oberfläche (13) der drehbaren Scheibe ist, wobei der Sortierkopf eine Einrichtung (23, 25, 26) zum Aufreihen der Münzen auf der Scheibe in einer einzigen Münzreihe und eine Führungskante (26) zum Angreifen an radial innere Kanten der in einer Reihe angeordneten Münzen und zum Führen dieser Münzen entlang eines vorgeschriebenen Pfades aufweist, wobei die Positionen der radial äußeren Kanten der Münzen durch den Durchmesser der entsprechenden Münzen bestimmt ist; und
    • einer Sortiereinrichtung (40, 40a, 40b; 41, 42) zum Unterscheiden von Münzen unterschiedlicher Wertigkeiten oder Sorten und zum Auswählen Münzen unterschiedlicher Sorten oder Wertigkeiten zum Austragen von der drehbaren Scheibe (13) an unterschiedlichen Positionen entlang des Umfangs des stationären Sortierkopfes (12),

      dadurch gekennzeichnet,

      daß die Sortiereinrichtung wenigstens drei Münzaustragekanäle (40, 41, 42) aufweist, die entlang des Umfangs des Sortierkopfes beabstandet sind und deren innere Kanten zur Aufnahme von Münzen unterschiedlicher Wertigkeiten entsprechend zur radialen Positionierung der inneren Kanten der Münzen in unterschiedlichen radialen Positionen angeordnet sind, wobei die innersten Kanten eines ersten (40) der Münzaustragekanäle mit dem vorbeschriebenen Weg ausgerichtet ist und die innerste Kanten der anderen Münzaustragkanäle (41, 42) radial einwärts von der innersten Kante des ersten Kanals (40) beabstandet sind, und das eine justierbare Eichvorrichtung (31) zwischen der Führungskante (26) und dem ersten Austragkanal (40) zum Angreifen an äußeren Kanten der Münzen einer ausgewählten Sorte und jeder Sorte mit einem größeren Durchmesser als der ausgewählten Sorte angeordnet sind, wobei die Eichvorrichtung (31) die angegriffenen Münzen radial einwärts verschiebt, so daß die inneren Kanten der Münzen der ausgewählten Sorte mit der innersten Kante des zweiten Austragkanals (41) ausgerichtet sind zum Eintritt der Münzen der ausgewählten Sorte in den zweiten Kanal.
  7. Münzsortiervorrichtung nach Anspruch 6,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß die inneren Kanten der Münzen wenigstens einer Sorte mit einem Durchmesser größer als der ausgewählten Größe in einem Radius wenigstens so groß wie der innersten Kante des dritten Austragkanals (42) positioniert sind, so daß solche Münzen in den Austragekanal eintreten.
  8. Münzsortiervorrichtung nach Anspruch 6,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß die Austragestationen in dem Sortierkopf (12) gebildete Abgabekanäle (40, 41, 42) aufweisen, deren innere Kanten radial zueinander zur Aufnahme von Münzen mit inneren Kanten an den unterschiedlichen radialen Positionen versetzt sind.
  9. Münzsortiervorrichtung nach Anspruch 6,

    gekennzeichnet durch

    eine Einrichtung zum Pressen (28) der Münzen in die elastische Oberfläche (16) beim Verlassen der Führungskante (26), wobei die Führungskante eine in dem Sortierkopf (12) gebildete, nach außen spiralförmig verlaufende Führungswand aufweist.
  10. Münzsortiervorrichtung nach Anspruch 6,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    daß eine justierbare Führungsfläche (51a) auf dem Sortierkopf (12) zum Angreifen an äußere Kanten der ausgewählten Münzsorten und zur Bewegung der angegriffenen Münzen radial einwärts vorgesehen ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of sorting coins having a diameter equal to less than a predetermined dimension from both coins having a diameter of said predetermined dimension and coins having a diameter of greater than said predetermined dimension in a disc-type coin sorter, said predetermined dimension corresponding to a specific coin denomination, said disc-type coin sorter having a rotatable disc (13) with a resilient surface (16) or receiving said coins and imparting rotational movement to said coins, and a stationary sorting head (12) having a contoured surface spaced slightly away from and generally parallel to said resilient surface (16) of said rotatable disc (13), said sorting head (12) forming a plurality of discharge stations (40,41,42) spaced along the periphery of said head for selectively discharging coins according to the radial locations of the edges of the coins, said method comprising the steps of:
    • rotating said disc (13) beneath said sorting head (12) while feeding coins between said disc and sorting head,
    • arranging said coins in a single layer and in single file, and
    • engaging the edges of said coins having a diameter equal to said predetermined dimension and said coins having a diameter greater than said predetermined dimension and displacing those coins so that coins having a diameter equal to said predetermined dimension and said coins having a diameter greater than said predetermined dimension are positioned to be discharged via different ones of said discharge stations (40,41,42) than said coins having a diameter less than said predetermined dimension, said predetermined dimension being alterable to correspond with a different denomination of coin to change the coin denominations that are discharged at said discharge stations, whereby different combinations of coin denominations may be sorted and discharged at said discharge stations by altering said predetermined dimension.
  2. The method of claim 1 wherein said arranging step aligns the inner edges of all the coins along a common path (51a) so that the outer edges of coins of different denominations are offset from each other, said common path corresponding to the radial location of the inner edges of the coins that are discharged at the first discharge station (40).
  3. The method of claim 1 wherein said discharge stations (40,41,42) comprise exit channels formed in said sorting head (12), the edges of said exit channels being radially offset from each other for receiving coins having their corresponding edges located at different radial positions, and wherein said step of engaging and displacing said coins having a diameter equal to said predetermined diameter and said coins having a diameter greater than said predetermined dimension causes alignment coins having a diameter less than said predetermined dimension to be discharged from the discharge station having the exit channel with the outermost radial position.
  4. The method of claim 1 wherein the inner edges of said coins are aligned along said common path (51a) by pressing said coins into said resilient surface (16) while moving said coins circumferentially along an outwardly spiralling guide wall (25,25b) formed in said sorting head (12).
  5. The method of claim 1 wherein coins having a diameter not less than said predetermined dimension are engaged and displaced radially by an adjustable guide surface (51a) on said sorting head (12).
  6. A coin sorting apparatus for receiving and sorting mixed coins by denomination, said apparatus comprising
    • a rotatable disc (13) having a resilient surface (16) for receiving said mixed denomination coins and imparting rotational movement to said mixed denomination coins,
    • means (14,15) for rotating said disc (13),
    • a stationary sorting head (12) having a contoured surface spaced slightly away from and generally parallel to said resilient surface (16) of said rotatable disc, said sorting head including means (23,25,26) for queuing the coins on said disc into a single file of coins, and a guiding edge (26) which engages the radially inner edges of the coins in said single file and guides said coins along a prescribed path where the positions of the radially outer edges of the coins are determined by the diameters of the respective coins,
    • sorting means (40,40a,40b; 41,42) for discriminating among coins of different denominations and selecting coins of different denominations for discharge from said rotating disc (13) at different locations around the periphery of said stationary sorting head (12),
    • characterized by said sorting means including at least three coin-discharge channels (40,41,42) spaced around the periphery of said sorting head and having their innermost edges at different radial positions for receiving coins of different denominations according to the radial locations of the inner edges of the coins, the innermost edges of the first (40) of said coin-discharge channels being aligned with said prescribed path, and the innermost edge of the other coin-discharge channels (41,42) being spaced radially inwardly from the innermost edge of said first channel (40), and
    • adjustable gaging means (31) disposed between said guiding edge (26) and said first discharge channel (40) for engaging the outer edges of coins of a selected denomination and any denominations having a larger diameter than said selected denomination, said gaging means (31) displacing the engaged coins radially inwardly so that the inner edges of the coins of said selected denomination are aligned with the innermost edge of the second discharge channel (41) so that coins of said selected denomination enter said second channel.
  7. The coin sorting apparatus of claim 6 wherein the inner edges of coins of at least one denomination having a diameter larger than said selected denomination are located at a radius at least as large as that of the innermost edge of the third discharge channel (42) so that such coins enter said third discharge channel.
  8. The coin sorting apparatus of claim 6 wherein said discharge stations comprise exit channels (40,41,42) formed in said sorting head (12), the inner edges of said exit channels being radially offset from each other for receiving coins having their inner edges located at different radial positions.
  9. The coin sorting apparatus of claim 6 which includes means for pressing (28) said coins into said resilient surface (16) as said coins leave said guiding edge (26), and said guiding edge comprises an outwardly spiralling guide wall formed in said sorting head (12).
  10. The coin sorting apparatus of claim 6 which includes an adjustable guide surfaces (51a) on said sorting head (12) for engaging the outer edges of said selected denominations of coins and moving the engaged coins radially inwardly.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de triage de pièces de monnaie ayant un diamètre inférieur ou égal à une dimension prédéterminée parmi deux pièces ayant un diamètre de ladite dimension prédéterminée et des pièces ayant un diamètre supérieur à ladite dimension prédéterminée, dans un trieur de pièces de type à disque, ladite dimension prédéterminée correspondant à une dénomination de pièces spécifiques, ledit trieur de pièces de type à disque ayant un disque rotatif (13) doté d'une surface élastique (16) pour recevoir lesdites pièces et imprimer un mouvement rotatif auxdites pièces, et une tête de triage (12) stationnaire ayant une surface profilée légèrement espacée de et globalement parallèle à ladite surface élastique (16) dudit disque rotatif (13), ladite tête de triage (12) formant une pluralité de postes d'évacuation (40, 41, 42) espacés le long de la périphérie de ladite tête, pour évacuer sélectivement des pièces selon les emplacements radiaux des bords des pièces, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    • entraînemer en rotation ledit disque (13) au-dessous de ladite tête de triage (12) tout en amenant des pièces entre ledit disque et la tête de triage,
    • disposer lesdites pièces en une seule couche et en une seule file, et
    • engager les bords desdites pièces ayant un diamètre égal à ladite dimension prédéterminée et desdites pièces ayant un diamètre supérieur à ladite dimension prédéterminée et déplacer ces pièces, de manière que les pièces ayant un diamètre égal à ladite dimension prédéterminée et lesdites pièces ayant un diamètre supérieur à ladite dimension prédéterminée soient placées de façon à être évacuées via des postes différents desdits postes d'évacuation (40, 41, 42), par rapport auxdites pièces ayant un diamètre inférieur à ladite dimension prédéterminée, ladite dimension prédéterminée étant modifiable pour correspondre à une dénomination différente de pièce, pour modifier les dénominations de pièces qui sont évacuées auxdits postes d'évacuations, de manière que des combinaisons différentes de dénomination de pièces puissent être triées et évacuées audits postes d'évacuation, en modifiant ladite dimension prédéterminée.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite étape de disposition opère l'alignement des bords intérieurs de toutes les pièces le long d'un chemin commun (51a), de manière que les bords extérieurs des pièces d'une dénomination différente soient décalés les uns des autres, ledit chemin commun correspondant à l'emplacement radial des bords intérieurs des pièces qui sont évacuées au premier poste d'évacuation (40).
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits postes d'évacuation (40, 41, 42) comprennent des canaux de sortie formés dans ladite tête de triage (12), les bords desdits canaux de sortie étant décalés radialement les uns des autres pour recevoir des pièces ayant leurs bords correspondant situés en des positions radiales différentes, et dans lequel ladite étape d'engagement et de déplacement desdites pièces ayant un diamètre égal audit diamètre prédéterminé et desdites pièces ayant un diamètre supérieur à ladite dimension prédéterminée provoque le déchargement des pièces d'alignement ayant un diamètre inférieur à ladite dimension prédéterminée, depuis le poste d'évacuation ayant le canal de sortie dans la position radiale la plus extérieure.
  4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les bords intérieurs desdites pièces sont alignés le long dudit chemin commun (51a), en pressant lesdites pièces sur ladite surface élastique (16), tout en déplaçant lesdites pièces circonférentiellement le long d'une paroi de guidage (25, 25b) en spirale vers l'extérieur formée dans ladite tête de triage (12).
  5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel des pièces ayant un diamètre au moins égal à ladite dimension prédéterminée sont engagées et déplacées radialement par une surface de guidage (51a) réglable sur ladite tête de triage (12).
  6. Appareil de triage de pièces de monnaie pour recevoir et trier par dénomination des pièces mélangées, ledit appareil comprenant

    un disque rotatif (13) ayant une surface élastique (16) pour recevoir lesdites pièces de dénomination mélangées et imprimer un mouvement rotatif auxdites pièces de dénomination mélangées,
    • un moyen (14, 15) prévu pour faire tourner ledit disque (13),
    • une tête de triage (12) stationnaire ayant une surface profilée légèrement espacée de et globalement parallèle à ladite surface élastique (16) dudit disque rotatif, ladite tête de triage comprenant un moyen (23, 25, 26) pour mettre à la queue les pièces sur ledit disque en une seule file de pièces, et un bord de guidage (26) qui engage les bords radialement intérieurs des pièces dans ladite file unique et guide lesdites pièces le long d'un chemin prescrit, dans lequel les positions des bords radialement extérieurs des pièces sont déterminés par les diamètres des pièces respectives,
    • un moyen de triage (40, 40a, 40b; 41, 42), prévu pour effectuer une discrimination parmi des pièces ayant des dénominations différentes et sélectionner des pièces de dénomination différentes pour les évacuer dudit disque rotatif (13) en différents emplacements le long de la périphérie de ladite tête de triage (12) stationnaire, caractérisé par le fait que ledit moyen de triage comprend au moins trois canaux d'évacuation de pièces (40, 41, 42) espacés autour de la périphérie de ladite tête de triage et ayant leurs bords les plus intérieurs placés en des positions radiales différentes, pour recevoir des pièces de dénomination différentes en fonction des emplacements radiaux des bords intérieurs des pièces, les bords les plus intérieurs du premier (40) desdits canaux d'évacuation de pièces étant alignés avec ledit chemin prescrit, et le bord le plus intérieur des autres canaux d'évacuation de pièces (41, 42) étant espacé radialement vers l'intérieur du bord le plus intérieur dudit premier canal (40), et
    • un moyen de calibrage (31) réglable, disposé entre ledit bord de guidage (26) et ledit premier canal d'évacuation (40), pour engager les bords extérieurs des pièces d'une dénomination sélectionnée et de toute dénomination ayant un diamètre supérieur à ladite dénomination sélectionnée, ledit moyen de calibrage (31) déplaçant les pièces engagées radialement vers l'intérieur, de manière que les bords intérieurs des pièces de ladite dénomination sélectionnée soient alignés avec le bord le plus intérieur du deuxième canal d'évacuation (41), de manière que les pièces de ladite dénomination sélectionnée entrent dans ledit deuxième canal.
  7. Appareil de triage de pièces selon la revendication 6, dans lequel les bords intérieurs de pièces d'au moins une dénomination ayant un diamètre supérieur à ladite dénomination sélectionnée se trouvent sur un rayon au moins aussi grand que celui du bord le plus intérieur du troisième canal d'évacuation (42), de manière que ces pièces entrent dans ledit troisième canal d'évacuation.
  8. Appareil de triage de pièces selon la revendication 6, dans lequel lesdits postes d'évacuation comprennent des canaux de sortie (40, 41, 42) formés dans ladite tête de triage (12), les bords intérieurs desdits canaux de sortie étant également décalés les uns des autres pour recevoir des pièces ayant leurs bords intérieurs situés en des positions radiales différentes.
  9. Appareil de triage de pièces selon la revendication 6, comprenant un moyen (28) pour presser lesdites pièces sur ladite surface élastique (16), lorsque lesdites pièces quittent ledit bord de guidage (26) et ledit bord de guidage comprend une paroi de guidage en spirale allant vers l'extérieur, formée dans ladite tête de triage (12).
  10. Appareil de triage de pièces selon la revendication 6, comprenant une surface de guidage (51a) réglable sur ladite tête de triage (12), pour engager les bords extérieurs desdites dénominations sélectionnées de pièces et déplacer les pièces engagées radialement vers l'intérieur.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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