PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0556409 12.12.1996
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0556409
Titel GEFÄSS FÜR GESCHMOLZENE SCHLACKE UND VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR HERSTELLUNG VON HARTEM ZUSCHLAG AUS ABFALL DURCH BENUTZUNG DIESES GEFÄSSES
Anmelder Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho, Kobe, Hyogo, JP
Erfinder YOSHIGAE, Takeo, Kobe-shi Hyogo-ken 651-22, US;
SUZUKI, Tomio, Kobe-shi Hyogo-ken 651-22, JP;
TANAKA, Hiroyuki, Kobe-shi Hyogo-ken 657, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69215072
Vertragsstaaten DE, DK, GB, NL
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 27.08.1992
EP-Aktenzeichen 929185312
WO-Anmeldetag 27.08.1992
PCT-Aktenzeichen JP9201092
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9304994
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 18.03.1993
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 25.08.1993
EP date of grant 06.11.1996
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 12.12.1996
IPC-Hauptklasse C04B 5/00
IPC-Nebenklasse C04B 18/10   C04B 18/02   C21B 3/08   

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNOLOGICAL BACKGROUND

This invention relates to method and apparatus for producing melted slug from waste such as sludge and manufacturing hard aggregates by cooling the produced melted slug gradually, and to a melted slug container for use in this apparatus.

As a means for obtaining the hard aggregates from the waste such as sludge is known a method of melting incinerated ash of the waste in a temperature range of about 1300°C to 1600°C according to the composition thereof to produce melted slug and cooling the melted slug in a specific temperature range including a crystal precipitation zone characteristic to the composition.

As an apparatus for realizing the manufacturing of the hard aggregates is known of the slug pot type as shown, for example, in Fig. 14. This apparatus is provided with a melting furnace 200 for melting the waste. A slug pot 202 is connected sealably to a discharge port 203 defined at at bottom end of the melting furnace 200 through a joint 201. The slug pot 202 includes a metal container and a heat insulating member made of firebricks, castable, and the like. The melted slug poured sealably from the melting furnace 200 into the slug pot 202 is cooled gradually therein so as to manufacture highly rigid aggregates.

Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 1-59487 proposes a reheating type apparatus for manufacturing hard aggregates. In this apparatus, the melted slug produced in a melting furnace is poured into a water tank to be cooled and solidified suddenly there in. Thereafter, the cooled solid material is recovered from the water tank through a belt conveyor, and is crystallized by reheating the same through a flue to enhance the rigidity of the melted slug. In this apparatus, a combustion gas in the melting furnace is utilized to reheat the cooled solid matter in the flue to thereby economize the heat energy.

However, the prior art suffers from the following problems. In the apparatus shown in Fig. 14, in order to suppress a cooling rate of the melted slug, the melted slug must be poured after the slug pot 202 formed of the metal container and the heat insulating member is connected to the discharge port 203 of the melting furnace 200 completely sealably. More specifically, in this apparatus, the slug pot 202 must be connected to and detached from the discharge port 203 before and after an operation of pouring the melted slug in to the slug pot 202. Thus, this apparatus suffers the problems of a low production efficiency and a small production amount per unit time since the hard aggregates cannot be manufactured continuously. An amount of melted slug to be manufactured during one operation may increased by increasing the capacity of the slug pot 202. However, the capacity of the slug pot 202 can be increased only to a limited extent.

Being formed by applying the heat insulating member made of firebricks, castable, or the like to the inner surface of the metal container, the slug pot 202 has low corrosive resistance against the melted slug and reacts with the melted slug easily. Thus, it is difficult to separate and take the melted slug from the slug pot 202 after cooling the same gradually. In the worst case, the slug pot 202 must be destroyed. Even if the melted slug can be taken from the slug pot 202 without destroying the same, it is extremely difficult to reuse the slug pot 202 and accordingly this apparatus is uneconomical.

On the other hand, it is possible to manufacture the hard aggregates continuously with the apparatus disclosed in Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 1-59487. Since the hard aggregates manufactured by this apparatus are obtained by reheating the suddenly cooled solid matter to crystallize, they are poor in the rigidity compared to the hard aggregates obtained by cooling the melted slug not suddenly but gradually, Further, since the melted slug in heated after being cooled, this apparatus suffers the big problem that a huge amount of heat energy is consumed despite the use of the combustion gas in the melting furnace.

A method of setting the temperature and other parameters specifically is disclosed, for example, in Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 57-140366. Specifically, lime sludge and incinerated ash of municipal waste are mixed in such a manner that a weight mixing ratio (hereinafter referred to as basicity) of CaO to SiO&sub2; is adjusted to lie in a range of 0.4 to 1.1. After thus obtained mixture is melted in a temperature range of 1300 to 1600°C as shown in Fig. 8 to produce melted slug, the melted matter is crystallized by holding the same in a temperature range of 960 to 1200°C for 15 minutes during a cooling process. According to this method, it is possible to manufacture the hard aggregates having the maximum compressive strength of 1020 kg/cm². It is presently required to manufacture the aggregates having the higher rigidity.

In this case, more rigid aggregates can be obtained if the melted slug is cooled gradually over a long time by reducing exceedingly the cooling rate of the melted slug during the cooling process. However, if the cooling rate is set at a considerably small value, a time required for the cooling process is extended as much. This brings about considerable reduction in the working efficiency. Further, since the melted slug must be held in the slug pot for a long time, an excessive equipment investment is inconveniently required.

In the case where only the crystalline aggregates manufactured according to the above method are used as a material for subgrade clearances are formed between the aggregates and a corrected CBR value which is an index indicating the relative rigidity of materials for a roadbed subgrade, and the like becomes 80% or smaller. Accordingly, the aggregates can be used for a lower layer subgrade whose discrimination standard by the corrected CBR value is 30% or larger, but cannot be used for an upper layer subgrade whose discrimination standard by the corrected CBR value is required to be 80% or larger. Thus, the aggregates have limited application as the materials for the subgrade

In view of the problems residing in the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide method and apparatus capable of manufacturing hard aggregates of good quality efficiently and, more preferably, to provide a method of manufacturing efficiently aggregates harder than the prior art, especially aggregates suitable for an upper layer subgrade material.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

In order to solve the above problems, the invention is constructed as follows.

Specifically, the invention is directed to a melted slug container into which melted slug made from waste is poured. The melted slug container comprises a heat insulating member formed into a container open upward; and a mold made of metal more excellent in the corrosive resistance against the melted slug than the heat insulating member and provided at least on an inner side surface of the heat insulating member (claim 1).

With the melted slug container thus constructed, by a heat retaining action of the heat insulating member, the poured melted slug can be cooled gradually at a sufficiently slow cooling rate without making the capacity of the melted slug container excessively large, thus enabling the reliable manufacturing of hard aggregates of good quality . The cooling temperature at which the melted slug poured into the melted slug container is cooled can be adjusted according to the shape of the heat insulating member constituting the melted slug container, particularly the thickness of the heat insulating member. In addition, since the mold made of metal more excellent in the corrosive resistance than the heat insulating member is provided on the inner surface of the melted slug container, the melted slug container and the melted slug hardly react with each other and accordingly the slug can be separated and taken easily from the melted slug container after the gradual cooling. Thus, the same melted slug container can be used a number of times.

If a lid is mounted openably and closably at a top portion of the melted slug container (claim 2), the cooling temperature for the melted slug can be suppressed further by closing the lid after pouring the melted slug into the melted slug container. Thus, hard aggregates of good quality can be manufactured entirely in the melted slug container including an area in the vicinity of the opening of the container. Further, if the lid is double hinged (claim 3), a projected amount of the lid is smaller compared to the single hinged lid when the lid is open. This leads to a smaller construction of the heat insulating chamber for accommodating the melted slug container, and therefore thermal energy required to maintain the temperature in the heat insulating chamber can be economized.

The invention is also directed to a method of producing hard aggregates from waste using the melted slug container. This apparatus comprises the steps of melting the waste in a melting furnace to produce melted slug while loading the melted slug container into a heat insulating chamber whose inner temperature is maintained at a predetermined value suitable to cool the melted slug gradually; and pouring the melted slug into the melted slug container in the heat insulating chamber so as to cool the melted slug in the melted slug container (claim 4).

According to this method, the melted slug produced in the melting furnace is poured through the discharge port of the melting furnace into the melted slug container in the heat insulating chamber. Since the interior of the heat insulating chamber is maintained at the predetermined temperature for the gradual cooling, the melted slug is neither cooled suddenly when being poured into the melted slug container nor solidified in the vicinity of the discharge port so as to block the same even if the discharge port is not connected to the melted slug container sealably. After a predetermined amount of melted slug is poured into the melted slug container, this container is conveyed forward and a next melted slug container is conveyed to the position below the discharge port instead, thereby pouring the melted slug continuously. Accordingly, the hard aggregates of good quality can be manufactured efficiently at a low cost.

More specifically, after melting raw ash which is incinerated ash, the melted slug is cooled at a cooling rate of 0.4°C/min. in the case where a weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 0.8 but smaller than 0.9; at the cooling rate of 0.7°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 0.9 but smaller than 1.0; at the cooling rate of 1.5°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.0 but smaller than 1.1; at the cooling rate of 2.0°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.1 but smaller than 1.2; at the cooling rate of 3.0°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.2 but smaller than 1.3; and at the cooling rate of 5.0°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.3 (claim 5). Accordingly, hard aggregates having high rigidity can be manufactured constantly independently of the composition of raw materials.

It is preferable to set the basicity not lower than 0.8 but not higher than 1.3 (claims 6). The basicity is set in this range for the following reasons. The crystalline substances are hard to be produced even if the cooling rate is slowed in the region where the basicity is lower than 0.8. In the region where the basicity is higher than 1.3, the melting temperature rises too high and therefore a life of the heat insulating member provided in the melting furnace is shortened. This is not desirable in maintaining and managing an operation.

If a final proportion of crystalline substances in solidified slug obtained by cooling the melted slug in volume is adjusted in a range of not smaller than 13% but not larger than 54%, hard aggregates suitable for an upper layer subgrade can be manufactured constantly independently of the composition of the raw materials (claim 7). When these aggregates are used as the subgrade material, the glassy substances are crushed and filled in clearances between the crystalline aggregates. The aggregates are made firm in this slate to bury the clearances. Thus, according to this method, the hard aggregates are all owed to provide a greatly extended range of utilities. In addition, the cooling process can be shortened compared to the case where all the melted slug is crystallized as in the conventional method, thereby improving the productivity of the hard aggregates greatly.

An apparatus for realizing the above method preferably comprises a melting furnace for melting the waste and discharging the melted waste as melted slug through a discharge port defined at a bottom portion thereof; a heat insulating chamber into which the discharge port is inserted from above; heat retaining means for maintaining an internal temperature of the heat insulating chamber at a value suitable to cool the melted slug gradually; and conveyance means for conveying a plurality of melted slug containers one after another to a position where the melted slug container receives the melted slug discharged through the discharge port of the melting furnace (claim 8).

If the heat retaining means includes gas aspiration means for aspirating gas in the heat insulating chamber so as to promote the outflow of combustion gas from the melting furnace to the heat insulating chamber through the discharge port (claim 9), the exhaust of the combustion gas can be promoted through the discharge port of the melting furnace by the aspiration of the gas in the heat insulating chamber. The interior of the heat insulating chamber is kept warm by the heat of the combustion gas. Accordingly, the interior of the heat insulating chamber can be kept warm efficiently using the waste heat from the melting furnace without providing a special heating means. Further, the promotion of the exhaust of the combustion gas prevents the slug reliably from blocking the discharge port.

Furthermore, if the heat retaining means includes temperature detecting means for detecting the temperature in the heat insulating chamber and temperature control means for controlling the operation of the gas aspiration means in accordance with the detected temperature (claim 10), the operation of the gas aspiration means is controlled in accordance with the temperature in the heat insulating chamber detected by the temperature detecting means. Thus, the temperature in the heat insulating chamber can be adjusted automatically, thereby saving labors.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a diagram showing an overall construction of a first apparatus for manufacturing hard aggregates according to the invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a side view in section showing an interior construction of a heat insulating chamber and a drive chamber in the first apparatus:
  • Fig. 3 is a front view showing the interior construction of the heat insulating chamber and the drive chamber;
  • Fig. 4 is a fragmentary front view in section showing a coupling structure of an inner mold with an outer mold of a melted slug container in the first apparatus;
  • Fig. 5 is a fragmentary front view in section showing the interior construction of the heat insulating chamber;
  • Fig. 6 is a graph showing a cooling rate of melted slug over elapsed time in the case where the melted slug container in the first apparatus is used and where a melted slug container not including a heat insulating member is used;
  • Fig. 7 is a graph showing contents of temperature maneuvering in a second embodiment;
  • Fig. 8 is a graph showing an example of temperature maneuvering according to a conventional method;
  • Fig. 9 is a graph showing the uniaxial compression strength of hard aggregates manufactured by a method according to the second embodiment;
  • Fig. 10 is a graph showing a corrected CBR value of the hard aggregates manufactured by the above method;
  • Fig. 11 is a graph showing a corrected CBR value as related to a volumetric proportion of crystal slug in the solidified slug in a third embodiment;
  • Fig. 12 is a side view in section showing an apparatus for manufacturing hard aggregates which is used in the third embodiment;
  • Fig. 13A is an enlarged view showing a portion A in Fig. 12;
  • Fig. 13B is a diagram viewed from a direction of an arrow B in Fig. 13A; and
  • Fig. 14 is a front view in section showing an exemplary conventional apparatus for producing hard aggregates.

BEST MODES FOR EMBODYING THE INVENTION

A first embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 6.

An apparatus for manufacturing hard aggregate shown in Fig. 1 is provided with a heat insulating chamber 10 extending in a horizontal direction (a traverse direction in Fig. 1) and a melting furnace 11 for melting waste such as sludge. At a bottom end of the melting furnace 11 is defined a discharge port 13. A combustion gas exhaust pipe 15 is connected to the melting furnace 11 above the discharge port 13. A lower portion of the melting furnace 11 is inserted into the interior of the heat insulating chamber 10 so that the discharge port 13 is located inside the chamber 10.

As shown in Fig. 2, the heat insulating chamber 10 is enclosed by a top board 12, a bottom board 14, and opposite side boards 16. Inner surfaces of the boards 12, 14, 16 are covered entirely with heat insulating members 18 for maintaining the interior of the heat insulating chamber 10 at a high temperature. Left and right support members 20 extending in the same direction as the heat insulating chamber 10 are impregnated in the heat insulating member 18 covering over the upper surface of the bottom board 14. A guide rail 22 extending in the same direction as the support member 20 is laid over an upper face of each support member 20. A plurality of trucks 25 (constituting in part conveyance means) each having a melted slug container 24 loaded thereon are mounted over the guide rails 22 as shown in Fig. 3.

Each melted slug container 24 includes a container main body 26 and lids 28 provided so as to open and close an opening defined at the top of the container main body 26. The container main body 26 includes a heat insulating member 30 formed into a container open upward, inner and outer molds 32, 34 provided respectively on inner and outer surfaces of the heat insulating member 30. Specifically, the container main body 26 is formed by covering the heat insulating member 30 over the inner mold 32 and by covering the outer mold 34 over the heat insulating member 30. Materials for the heat insulating member 30 are preferably those having excellent heat resistance and heat retaining property such as ceramic fiber. Materials for the inner and outer molds 32, 34 are preferably metals having more excellent corrosive resistance against the melted slug than the heat insulating member 30, particularly SUS310S or the like having low oxidation loss.

At a plurality of positions at upper ends of the inner and outer molds 32, 34 are formed jaw portions 32a, 34a projecting outward radially of the container. The corresponding jaw portions 32a, 34a are coupled with each other through a coupling member 36.

As shown in Fig. 4, each coupling member 36 includes a bolt 38 extending vertically. An upper end of the bolt 38 is mounted to the jaw portion 32a of the inner mold 32 rotatably about a horizontal axis 40. On the contrary, a notch 34b is formed in the jaw portion 34a of the outer mold 34 such that the bolt 38 is inserted therethrough from a radially outward direction. With the bolt 38 inserted through the notch 34b, a set nut 42 and a wing nut 42 with a wing 46 are fastened respectively from above and below and the jaw portions 32a, 34a are coupled with each other while holding the jaw portion 34a with the nuts 42, 44. A distance d between the jaw portions 32a and 34a can be adjusted by changing the position of the set nut 42. This enables the heat insulating member 30 of different thickness to be held tightly between the molds 32, 34 and enables the adjustment of the thickness of the heat insulating member 30 in order to avoid the compaction of the heat insulating member 30.

The lids 28 are mounted at left and right upper ends of the container main body 26, and is of a so-called double hinged structure in which the lids 28 are openable from the center of the container main body 26 toward the opposite sides thereof. The respective lids 28 are formed of heat insulating members 48 similar to the heat insulating member 30. Metal plates 50 similar to the inner and outer molds 32, 34 are covered over the outer surface of the heat insulating members 48. On the outer surfaces of the metal plates 50 are fixed a plurality of aggregates 52 (two aggregates in Fig. 2) extending in the traverse direction. On the contrary, support plates 54 are provided upright on an upper end face of the container main body 26. Outer end portions of the aggregates 52 are mounted to the support plates 54 rotatably about horizontal axes 56 and thereby the left and right lids 28 are mounted on the container main body 26 openably and closably.

Each truck 25 mounting thus constructed melted slug container 24 thereon includes a horizontal extending truck main body 58. The melted slug container 24 is placed and fixed on the truck main body 58 with a suitable means. Suspension members (reverse U-shaped members in the illustrated example) are fixed at suitable peripheral positions on the upper surface of the truck main body 58. At a plurality of positions (transversely and longitudinally spaced apart four positions in the illustrated example) on the underside of the truck main body 58 are mounted casters 64 rotatably through brackets 62. These casters 64 are placed rollably on the guide rails 22, and thereby the melted slug container 24 and the truck 25 are allowed to move along the guide rails 22.

Below the heat insulating chamber 10 is located a drive chamber 68 as shown in Figs. 1 to 3. At front and rear end positions (left and right end positions in Fig. 1) in the drive chamber 68 are supported horizontal shafts 69 rotatably at a housing of the drive chamber 68 through bearings 71, 73. Each horizontal shaft 69 extends in the traverse direction as shown in Fig. 2 through bearings 71, 73, and has a pair of transversely spaced apart sprockets 70 fixed thereon. Either the front or rear horizontal shaft 69 (rear horizontal shaft in the illustrated example) is drivingly rotated by a motor (constituting in part the conveyance means) 72 shown in Fig. 1.

A chain (constituting in part the conveyance means) 74 is wound around the corresponding pair of front and rear sprockets 70. The two chains 74 are coupled with each other through a plurality of coupling plates 76 arranged in a lengthwise direction of the chains 74. A push bar 78 projects outward from a center portion of an outer surface of each coupling plate 76. On the other hand, a slit 19 having the width greater than a diameter of the push bars 78 and extending entirely in the longitudinal direction of the heat insulating chamber 10 is defined at transverse center portions of the bottom board 14 forming the heat insulating chamber 10 and the heat insulating member 18 placed on the board 14. The push bars 78 are inserted through the slit 19 so that upper end portions thereof face the interior of the heat insulating chamber 10 (Figs. 2 and 3).

On the contrary, an engaging member 66 projects downward from the underside of the main body 58 of each truck 25. The engaging members 66 come to contact with the upper end portions of the push bars 78. Accordingly, the sprockets 70 and the chains 74 are driven by the motor 72, and the push bars 78 mounted to these chains 74 move along the slit 19 while being faced to the interior of the heat insulating chamber 10. The engaging members 66 of the respective trucks 25 are pushed by the respective push bars 78 from behind (from the left in Fig. 1), and thereby the trucks 25 are allowed to move forward.

As shown in Figs. 3 and 5, at the bottom board 80, the heat insulating member 18 placed on the board 80, the support members 20, and the guide rails 22, a portion located right below the melting furnace 11 are detached from the other portion. The detached portion is supported on the side boards 16 through a plurality of (four in the illustrated example) load cells 80 and brackets 82 as shown in Figs. 2 and 5. The length L (see Fig. 5) of the detached portion is substantially equal to the length of one truck 25. Accordingly, the load cells 80 detect the overall weight of the truck 25 and the melting slug container 24 located on this detached portion, i.e. the overall weight of the truck 25 and the melting slug container 24 located right below the melting furnace 11 together with the weight of the heat insulating member 18 at the detached portion.

Detection signals from these load cells 80 are input to a drive controller 84 shown in Fig. 1. This drive controller 84 actuates the motor 72 when the total weight detected by the load cells 80 reaches a predetermined value which specifically corresponds to the total weight when the melted slug container 24 is substantially filled with the melted slug. Thereupon, the chains 74 are driven by the arrangement pitch of the push bars 78, i.e. the spacing between the trucks 25.

In the heat insulating chamber 10, a pair of left and right lids 98 are suspended from the top board 12 through vertical shafts 97 at a position right before the discharge port of the melting furnace 11 (right of the discharge port in Fig. 1). As shown in Fig. 5, the respective lids 98 are arranged such that a distance between front portions thereof (right portions in Fig. 5) is narrower than the one between rear portions thereof when viewed from above. When the melted slug container 24 with the lids 28 open passes the position where the lids 98 are arranged, the lids 28 come to contact with the corresponding lids 98 and are pushed toward the center, with the result that the lids 28 are closed automatically due to the weight thereof.

As shown in Fig. 1, a revolving door 88 rotatable about a horizontal axis 86 is provided at a rear end position of the top board 12 forming the heat insulating chamber 10. An elevating door 90 movable upward and downward is provided at a position right before the revolving door 88. Likewise, a revolving door 94 rotatable about a horizontal axis 92 is provided at a front end position of the top board 12. An elevating door 96 movable upward and downward is provided at a position right after the revolving door 94.

The heat insulating chamber 10 is connected to an ejector pump (gas aspiration means) 104 through a gas aspiration pipe 102 as shown in Fig. 1. To the ejector pump 104 is introduced high pressure air through an automatic supply valve (constituting temperature control means) 106. Gas in the heat insulating chamber 10 is aspirated through the gas aspiration pipe 102 by a negative pressure generated when the high pressure air is introduced to the ejector pump 104. The drive chamber 68 is in communication with the outside of the system through a plurality of valves 110, an intake pipe 111, and automatic intake valves 112. The gas in the heat insulating chamber 10 is aspirated by the ejector pump 104 when the valves 110 and the automatic intake valves 112 are opened. Thereby, air is supplied to the heat insulating chamber 10 through the drive chamber 68 and the slit 19 from the outside the system (i.e. an intake operation is carried out).

Further, a temperature detector 99 including a thermocouple for detecting the temperature in the heat insulating chamber 10 is disposed at a suitable position in the chamber 10, e.g., a position between the discharge port 13 of the melting furnace 11 and the gas aspiration position. A detection signal from the detector 99 is input to a temperature controller 108 as shown in Fig. 1.

This temperature controller 108 controls the automatic supply valve 106 and the automatic intake valves 112 to open or close so as to maintain the temperature in the heat insulating chamber 10 detected by the temperature detector 99 at a predetermined value for the gradual cooling (500°C in this embodiment). For example, if the detected temperature is lower than 500°C, the automatic supply valve 106 is opened to aspirate the gas and the combustion gas is thereby introduced to the heat insulating chamber 10 through the discharge port 13 of the melting furnace 11. The heat energy of the combustion gas is used to increase the temperature in the heat insulating chamber. On the other hand, if the detected temperature is higher than 500°C, the control is executed such that the automatic supply valve 106 is closed to stop the aspiration of the gas, or that the automatic intake valve 112 is opened to admit the air into the heat insulating chamber 10 through the drive chamber 68 so as to cool the interior of the chamber 10 while the gas is aspirated. The reason why the temperature in the heat insulating chamber 10 is controlled so as not to exceed 500°C is to prevent the thermal deformation and oxidation loss of exposed metal due to an abnormal temperature increase in the chamber 10.

An action of this apparatus will be described next.

First of all, a plurality of melted slug containers 24 and trucks 25 are arranged at equal intervals on the guide rails 22 in the heat insulating chamber 10 and one melted slug container 24 is positioned below the discharge port 10 of the melting furnace 11. The melted slug containers 24 and the trucks 25 are preferably loaded into the heat insulating chamber 10 as follows. The truck 25 is suspended together with the melted slug container 24 by means of a crane rope shown in Fig. 1, using the suspension members 60 provided at the truck 25. In this state, the truck 25 and the melted slug container 24 are integrally loaded into the heat insulating chamber 10 through the revolving door 88. At this loading stage, the lids 28 of the melted slug container 24 are kept open. In order to prevent the heat radiation from the heat insulating chamber 10, it is preferable to close at least one of the revolving door 88 and the elevating door 90 and close at least one of the revolving door 94 and the elevating door 96 constantly.

In this state, the waste such as sludge is melted in the melting furnace 11 and the melts (melted slug) are poured into the lower located melted slug container 24 through the discharge port 13. Since the temperature in the heat insulating chamber 10 is maintained at about 500°C by the control of the temperature controller 108 when the melted slug is poured into the container 24, the melted slug is not cooled suddenly even if the discharge port 13 and the container 24 are not connected sealably. Neither is the discharge port 13 blocked with solidified slug.

When a specified amount of melted slug is poured into the melted slug container 24 in this way and the total weight detected by the load cells 80 reaches the predetermined value, the drive controller 84 actuates the motor 72 during a specified period in accordance with the detection signals from the load cells 80. The operation of the motor 72 drives the sprockets 70 and the chains 74 by one pitch, and the push bars 78 fixed to the chains 74 push the engaging members 66 provided at the trucks 25 to thereby move the respective trucks 25 forward by one pitch. This causes the melted slug container 24 having the melted slug poured there into to move forward from the position below the discharge port 13 and brings the next melted slug container 24 to the position below the discharge port 13. In this manner, the melted slug is poured continuously into the melted slug containers.

The melted slug container having moved from the position below the discharge port 13 passes the point where the lids 98 are arranged. At this time, the lids 28 come to contact with the lids 98 to be thereby pushed inward and are consequently closed automatically due to the weight thereof. In this state, the melted slug in the container 24 is cooled gradually at a cooling rate according to the shape of the heat insulating member 30 constituting the container 24, particularly the thickness thereof, and is solidified gradually.

When the melted slug container 24 reaches the front end position (the most rightward position in Fig. 1), the elevating door 96 is closed and the revolving door 94 is opened and the melted slug container 24 together with the truck 25 are pulled up from the heat insulating chamber 10 by the crane rope 116 or other means. Thereafter, the solidified slug is taken from the melted slug container 24 after the melted slug is completely cooled after the gradual cooling. Since the inner surface of the container 24 is formed of the inner mold 32 made of the metal excellent in the corrosive resistance such as SUS310S, the container 24 and the melted slug 24 hardly react with each other. Thus, the slug can be separated and taken from the container 24 easily after the gradual cooling.

At the same time when the melted slug container 24 and the truck 25 are unloaded, new melted slug container 24 and truck 25 are loaded into the heat insulating chamber 10 through the revolving door 88.

As seen from the above, in this apparatus, the melted slug produced in the melting furnace 11 is poured into a plurality of melted slug containers 24 including the heat insulating members 30 one after another in the heat insulating chamber 10 whose temperature is maintained at the predetermined value. Accordingly, the melted slug can be poured into the melted slug containers 24 continuously without cooling the same suddenly. In addition, the melted slug can be cooled gradually at a sufficiently low cooling rate by a heat retaining action brought about by the heat insulating member 30 provided in the container 24 after the melted slug is poured into the container 24. Therefore, the above apparatus is capable of manufacturing hard aggregates which are high in the rigidity and of good quality.

Fig. 6 is a graph showing the slug temperature over time, wherein curves C1, C2 represent respectively a case where the melted slug container 24 covered with the heat insulating member 30 is used as in the foregoing embodiment and a case where a melted slug container not including the heat insulating member 30 is used. In this graph, straight lines L1, L2, L3 represent the slug temperature over time for references in the case where the cooling rate is 1°C/m, 3°C/m, 5°C/m respectively. It is clearly seen from this graph that the cooling rate of the melted slug is suppressed sufficiently and the hard aggregates of good quality can be manufactured by using the melted slug container 24 covered with the heat insulating member 30. In addition, the cooling rate can be adjusted to a proper value according to the composition of the raw waste by changing the thickness of the heat insulating member 30.

With the above apparatus embodying the invention, the following effects are further obtainable.

  • (a) Since the lids 28 are mounted on the container main body 26, the cooling rate can be slowed further and the gradually cooled slug of good quality can be produced in the vicinity of the upper end portion of the melted slug container 24 as well as a bottom portion thereof by closing the lids 28 after pouring the melted slug. In addition, since the lids 28 are double hinged, a projected amount of the lids 28 is smaller compared to a lid of the single hinged structure. Thus, the heat insulating chamber 10 takes up smaller space and the heat energy required to maintain the temperature in the chamber 10 can be saved as much as the reduced space. Further, since the lids 28 are closed upon coming to contact with the lids 98 while the melted slug container 24 is conveyed, the heat retaining effect of the melted slug container 24 can be enhanced reliably in a simple structure.
  • (b) Since the double doors are provided at the front and rear end portions of the heat insulating chamber 10, it is prevented to cause the heat in the chamber 10 to escape at a positive pressure while to aspirate a large amount of external cool air at a negative pressure when the melted slug container 24 is loaded or unloaded by closing the elevating doors 90, 96 when the revolving doors 88, 94 are opened.
  • (c) As a means for maintaining the temperature in the heat insulating chamber 10 at a specified value, the interior of the chamber 10 is heated by aspirating the gas from the chamber 10 and drawing the combustion gas in the melting furnace 11 at the negative pressure generated by the aspiration. Accordingly, the interior of the chamber 10 can be heated efficiently using the waste heat of the melting furnace 11 without installing a special heating apparatus, and the blocking of the discharge port 13 can be prevented more reliably. Further, the interior of the chamber 10 can be cooled rapidly by opening the automatic intake valves 112 when the gas is aspirated and by admitting the air into the chamber 10 through the drive chamber 68.
  • (d) Since there are provided the temperature detector 99 for detecting the temperature in the heat insulating chamber 10 and the temperature controller 108 for opening or closing the automatic supply valve 106 and the automatic intake valves 112 in accordance with the detected temperature, the temperature in the chamber 10 can be controlled automatically and labors can be saved.
  • (e) Since the coupling member 46 including two nuts 42, 44 is provided as a means for coupling the inner and outer molds 32, 34, the spacing between the two molds 32, 34 can be adjusted easily. Thus, the heat insulating member 30 of different thickness can be mounted between the molds 32, 34 easily.

A second embodiment will be described next with reference to Figs. 7 to 10. In this embodiment is shown a method of manufacturing hard aggregates having sufficient uniaxial compressive strength efficiently.

A basic construction of this method is similar to the one shown in the foregoing first embodiment, but the basicity of material ash is adjusted in advance in this embodiment. Specifically, in the case where the basicity of the raw ash, i.e. weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2;, is higher than 1.3, quartz sands (SiO&sub2;) are added to the raw ash so as to adjust the basicity in a range of 0.8 to 1.3. When the basicity is lower than 0.8, crystals are not liable to precipitate however much a cooling rate is slowed. On the contrary, when the basicity is in excess of 1.3, there arises a problem that a life of a heat insulating member constituting an inner wall of a melting furance is shortened due to an excessively high melting temperature, etc. Further, the higher the basicity of the raw material, the higher the melting temperature of the raw ash. Accordingly, it will be appropriate to set the melting temperature high according to the basicity to the degree that melts are allowed to have sufficient fluidity. However, in consideration of the extension of the life of the heat insulating member in the melting furnace, it is desirable to set the melting temperature lower than 1300°C.

Thereafter, the melted slug is poured into a melted slug container 2 similar to the first embodiment. The solidified slug is taken from the melted slug container 24 after the melted slug is completely cooled after the gradual cooling. A cooling temperature range of the melted slug in the container 24 has a specified temperature width including in the middle thereof a crystal precipitation point. A specific temperature value may be set desirably. However, in a region in excess of about 1200°C, crystalline nuclei are unlikely to be formed and grown. Further, the crystal growth stops in a region below 1000°C. Accordingly, it is desirable to cool the melted slug gradually in a region defined by these limits, i.e. in a temperature range of about 1000°C to 1200°C (see Fig. 7). Although being adjusted desirably according to the shape of the heat insulating member 30, particularly the thickness thereof, the cooling rate is preferably set according to the basicity of the raw material as shown in TABLE-1 below. CaO/SiO&sub2; (x) (WEIGHT %) COOLING RATE (°C/min.) 0.8 ≦ x < 0.9 not higher than 0.4 0.9 ≦ x < 1.0 not higher than 0.7 1.0 ≦ x < 1.1 not higher than 1.5 1.1 ≦ x < 1.2 not higher than 2.0 1.2 ≦ x < 1.3 not higher than 3.0

By setting the cooling rate according to the basicity, the hard aggregates having high rigidity can be manufactured constantly efficiently. This can be seen from data shown in TABLE-2 below. COOLING RATE (°C/min.) CaO/SiO&sub2; WEIGHT RATIO 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 0.4 0.7 1.0 X 1.5 X 2.0 3.0 X 5.0 X 10.0 X 20.0 X
: CRYSTALLINE SLUG PRODUCED

▵: CRYSTALLINE/NONCRYSTALLINE SLUG INCLUDED

X: NONCRYSTALLINE SLUG PRODUCED

TABLE-2 shows examination results of crystal precipitation when slugs of various values of the basicity in a CaO/SiO&sub2; range of 0.8 to 1.3 are cooled gradually at various cooling rates. In this examination, it is discriminated through an X-ray diffraction whether the slug is crystalline or not. More specifically, the above discrimination is made based on a peak value of the intensity of a diffracted wave (the peak value is high in the case of the crystalline slug). The raw material in use has a rough composition of CaO: 25 to 40%, Fe&sub2;O&sub3;: 10 to 20%, P&sub2;O&sub6;: 3 to 10%, Al&sub2;O&sub3;: 5 to 20% such as general lime sludge.

As is clear from TABLE-2, the substantially low cooling rate is required to obtain the crystalline slug in the range where the basicity is low. However, in the range where the basicity is relatively high, the crystalline slug can be obtained even without reducing the cooling rate greatly. Accordingly, the hard aggregates having high rigidity are manufactured reliably while reducing the cooling rate sufficiently in the low basicity region while the hard aggregates having high rigidity are manufactured efficiently at a relatively high cooling rate in the high basicity region by cooling the melted slug gradually under the conditions shown in TABLE-1.

In the case where the basicity is adjusted in excess of 1.3, the cooling rate is preferably set at 5.0°C/min. or lower as is clear from TABLE-2.

Fig. 9 shows the uniaxial compressive strength of the hard aggregates obtained by cooling slugs having various values of basicity gradually at maximum permissible cooling rates shown in TABLE-1. As shown in this figure, the compressive strength of natural aggregates made of andesite is 1000 kg/cm²1, and the compressive strength of the aggregates produced by the method disclosed in the aforementioned publication is at maximum 1020 kg/cm². Contrary to this, according to the method of this embodiment, the aggregates having strength at least one and half times as much as the above values can be manufactured.

Fig. 10 shows corrected CBR values (%) of the hard aggregates obtained by cooling the slugs having various values of basicity gradually at maximum permissible cooling rates shown in TABLE-1 similar to the foregoing. Here, a CBR (California Bearing Ratio) is an index indicating the relative rigidity of the roadbed and subgrade material, and the like, and represents in percentage a value obtained by dividing a load required to insert a specific piston into soil up to a given depth by a predetermined standard load corresponding to an inserted amount of the piston. The corrected CBR is a value obtained by correcting the CBR in accordance with a specified standard. If the corrected CBR is 3% or larger, the hard aggregates are discriminated to be suitable for the roadbed material. If the corrected CBR is 20% or larger, the hard aggregates are discriminated to be suitable for the lower layer subgrade material. If the corrected CBR is 80% or larger, the hard aggregates are discriminated to be suitable for the upper layer subgrade material. Thus, the method of this embodiment is capable of providing hard aggregates which can be used sufficiently at least as the lower layer subgrade material.

A third embodiment will be described next with reference to Figs. 11 to 13. In this embodiment is shown a method of producing more efficiently hard aggregates which can be also used as upper layer subgrade material.

An apparatus 121 for producing solidified slug shown in Figs. 12 and 13 is provided below a melting furnace for melting raw ash which is incinerated ash. A chain conveyor 124 is arranged in an inclined state in a casing (heat insulating chamber) 122 of the apparatus 121. In the casing 122 is formed an inlet port 123 which is joined with a discharge portion at the bottom of the melting furnace. Melted slug S is poured from the discharge portion into the casing 122 through the inlet port 123.

The chain conveyor 124 includes a pair of driven sprockets 124a arranged at one lengthwise end of the casing 122, the sprockets 124a being spaced apart by a specified distance, and a pair of drive sprockets 124b which are driven by a motor M provided above the casing 122. A pair of endless chains 124c are wound on the corresponding sprockets 124a, 124b in a circulatory manner.

Between the two chains 124c are arranged a plurality of melted slug containers 124d at specified intervals. Guide rollers 124e are mounted on the chains 124c at an outer side thereof at given intervals. The respective guide rollers 124e are rollable on corresponding rails 124f about horizontal axes thereof as shown in Fig. 13A. In other words, the circulatory driving of the chains 124c transports the melted slug containers 124 forward (to the right in the drawing of Fig. 12).

Below a forward end of the casing 122 with respect to a transport direction is formed a discharge port 122a including a double slide gate 122b. When the double slide gate 122 is opened, solidified slug C released from the melted slug container 124d which has turned downward falls into a solidified slug container 125 arranged right below the discharge port 122a. A port 122c defined at an upper center portion of the casing 122 in the longitudinal direction functions to maintain the temperature in the casing 122 at a specified value by admitting high temperature exhaust gas in the melting furnace into the casing 122 by an aspiration action of an ejector 126.

In this apparatus, the solidified slug C released into the solidified slug container 125 through the discharge port 122a is crushed by a known crusher to be used as roadbed material. According to a method to be described later, it is extremely important to control the cooling rate of the melted slug S in the case where the melted slug S is obtained by cooling the solidified slug C. This control is executed according to a method of changing a rotating speed of the motor M so as to change an amount of melted slug S filled into the melted slug container 124d, a method of changing the capacity of the melted slug container 124d, a method of adhering a heat insulating member to the melted slug container 124d, or the like.

Since there is a temperature distribution of the melted slug S in the container 124d, the cooling rate differs. For example, the cooling rate is high at a portion of the melted slug S close to the outer wall of the melted slug container 124d since a large amount of heat is radiated externally. On the other hand, the cooling rate is slowest at a center portion of the melted slug S since the slug temperature is highest. The difference in the cooling rate is determined by a filled amount of slug, the capacity of the melted slug container 124d, and the degree of heat insulation. For example, it is possible to predict the cooling rate based on a temperature measurement by a thermocouple and a thermal performance rating. A crystallization proportion of the melted slug in the container 124d can be predicted based on the difference in the cooling rate, and accordingly the cooling rate becomes controllable.

There will be next described results of an experiment conducted using this apparatus.

In the case where the rotating speed of the motor M was increased so as to fill 2 liters of melted slug S obtained from raw ash having the basicity of 0.24 in the melted slug container 124d of the capacity of 30 liters and the filled melted slug S was cooled in the solidified slug producing apparatus 121, the cooling rate of the melted slug S became lower than 28°C/min. in a temperature range of 1000 to 1200°C and all the melted slug S became glassy solidified slug C. The corrected CBR value of the solidified slug C was 48.5%, and it was found out that this slug could not be used as the upper layer subgrade material.

Further, in the case where 30 liters of melted slug S obtained from raw ash having the basicity of 0.8 was filled in the melted slug container 124d covered with a heat insulating member and having the capacity of 30 liters and was cooled while being transported, the following results were obtained. The cooling rate of 35% of the melted slug at the center of the container 124d became lower than 0.4°/min. in a temperature range of 1000 to 1200°C, and the melted slug became crystallized. The cooling rate of the melted slug at an outer peripheral portion of the container 124d became higher than 0.4°C/min. and the melted slug became glassy. The corrected CBR value of this solidified slug C was 143%, and it was found out that this slug C could be used as the upper layer subgrade material not to mention as the lower layer subgrade material. Further, the specific gravity in saturated surface-dry condition of the solidified slug C was 2.9, the absorption thereof was 0.52, the Los Angeles rubbing loss thereof was 30.4%, and the chemical stability thereof was 0.7%. Thus, it was found out that the solidified slug C satisfied all the other discrimination standards as the subgrade material.

Next, in the case where 160 liters of melted slug S obtained from raw ash having the basicity of 1.0 was filled in the melted slug container 124d covered with a heat insulating member and having the capacity of 160 liters and was cooled while being transported, the cooling rate of the melted slug S became 1.0°C/min. or lower at any point of the container 124d in a temperature range of 1000 to 1200°C, and there was obtained completely crystalline solidified slug C. The corrected CBR value of this solidified slug C was 35.7%, and it was found out that this slug C could not be used as the lower layer subgrade material.

As seen from the above, as a result of changing the cooling rate of the melted slug S and the kinds of raw ash, there was obtained a graph as shown in Fig. 11. This graph shows a relationship between a volumetric proportion of crystalline slug in thus produced solidified slug C and the corrected CBR value.

According to this graph, in the case of the aggregates obtained from solidified slug whose volumetric proportion of crystalline slug is 13 to 54%, the corrected CBR value thereof becomes 80% or higher and the aggregates can be used not only as the roadbed material and lower layer subgrade material but also as the upper layer subgrade material. An improvement in the corrected CBR value is considered to result from that the glassy slug is filled in the clearances between the aggregates made of crystalline slug to make the aggregates firm.

Contrary to this, if the volumetric proportion of the crystalline slug becomes in excess of 54%, the corrected CBR value becomes lower than 80%. This is because an absolute amount of glassy slug is insufficient to fill the clearances between the aggregates made of crystalline slug although the glassy slug is filled in those clearances, and there remain the clearances unfilled with the glassy slug. Further, if the volumetric proportion of the crystalline slug becomes lower than 13%, the corrected CBR value becomes lower than 80% similar to the case where there remain the clearances unfilled with the glassy slug since the glassy slug originally having inferior rigidity compared to the crystalline slug forms a large proportion of the aggregates.

The range for the cooling temperature has preferably a specified temperature width including in the middle thereof a crystal precipitation point as described in detail in the second embodiment. More preferably, the melted slug S is cooled gradually in a temperature range of about 1000 to 1200°C. The cooling rate is preferably set according to the basicity of raw material as shown in TABLE-1 similar to the second embodiment. The reason for this is as seen from the data shown in TABLE-1.

Accordingly, the hard aggregates having high rigidity are manufactured reliably while reducing the cooling rate sufficiently in the low basicity region while the hard aggregates having high rigidity are manufactured efficiently at a relatively high cooling rate in the high basicity region by cooling the melted slug gradually under the conditions shown in TABLE-1. In addition, according to the method of this embodiment, it is not necessary to crystallize all the melted slug as described above. Thus, a time required to cool the melted slug can be shortened further and the hard aggregates used as the subgrade material can be manufactured at an improved efficiency.

The foregoing is described with respect to the method of cooling the melted slug so as to crystallize 13 to 54% thereof in volume. However, it may be also appropriate to , after obtaining the subgrade material whose volumetric proportion of crystalline substance is lower than 13% or higher than 54%, mix crystalline aggregates or glassy aggregates with the obtained subgrade material according to needs so that the volumetric proportion of crystalline substance in the finally obtained mixed aggregates lies in a range of 13 to 54%.

The invention is not limited to the foregoing embodiments, but may take the following modes for example.

  • (1) Although the melted slug containers 24 are moved using the trucks 25 in the first embodiment, it does not matter whichever conveyor means is used to move the melted slug containers according to the invention. Besides the belt conveyor shown in the third embodiment, various other transport means including a pusher and a walking rod are applicable.
  • (2) According to the invention, it is sufficient that the melted slug containers are shaped into a container open upward. The melted slug containers may take other shapes including unillustrated truncated cone, truncated pyramids, etc. In the case where the melted slug containers are shaped into a truncated cone, a radiating area can be made smaller compared to a truncated conic container having the same volume, thereby enabling the cooling rate of the melted slug to be slowed further.
  • (3) Although the load cells 80 are used as a means for detecting that the predetermined amount of melted slug has been poured into the melted slug container 24, it is also possible to use a level sensor for detecting the level of melted slug in the melted slug container 24 with the use of radiant rays. In the case where a pouring amount of melted slug is constant, the respective melted slug containers 24 may be moved upon the lapse of a specified period.
  • (4) A means for closing the lids 28 is not limited to the aforementioned lids 98, but may be pushers for pressing the lids 28 from opposite sides.
  • (5) Although the molds 32, 34 are provided on the inner and outer surfaces of the heat insulating member 20 in each melted slug container 24 in the first embodiment, the effects similar to those described in the foregoing embodiments are obtainable by providing at least the inner mold 32 on the inner surface of the heat insulating member 30.
  • (6) Although the temperature in the heat insulating chamber 10 is controlled using 500°C as a reference temperature in the first embodiment, the reference temperature may be set desirably according to the overall structure of the apparatus. It may be also appropriate to set the temperature at any value in a permissible temperature range wherein the set temperature is variable.
  • (7) In the first embodiment, the crane rope 116 is used to load and unload the melted slug containers 24 to and from the heat insulating chamber 10. However, a conveyor or like means may be used to load and unload the containers 24 in place of the crane rope 116.
  • (8) The third embodiment is described with respect to the case where the apparatus different from the one described in the first embodiment is used to produce the hard aggregates. However, it goes without saying that the method of the third embodiment can be implemented in the apparatus of the first embodiment.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A melted slug container into which melted slug made from waste is poured, comprising:

       a heat insulating member formed into a container open upward; and

       a mold made of metal more excellent in the corrosive resistance against the melted slug than the heat insulating member and provided at least on an inner side surface of the heat insulating member.
  2. A melted slug container according to claim 1 further comprising a lid openably and closably mounted at a top portion of the melted slug container.
  3. A melted slug container according to claim 2 wherein the lid is double hinged.
  4. A method of producing hard aggregates from waste using the melted slug container according to any one of claims 1 to 3, comprising the steps of:

       melting the waste in a melting furnace to produce melted slug while loading the melted slug container into a heat insulating chamber whose inner temperature is maintained at a predetermined value suitable to cool the melted slug gradually; and

       pouring the melted slug into the melted slug container in the heat insulating chamber so as to cool the melted slug in the melted slug container.
  5. A method according to claim 4 wherein, after melting raw ash which is incinerated ash, the melted slug is cooled at a cooling rate of 0.4°C/min. in the case where a weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is smaller than 0.9; at the cooling rate of 0.7°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 0.9 but smaller than 1.0; at the cooling rate of 1.5°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.0 but smaller than 1.1; at the cooling rate of 2.0°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.1 but smaller than 1.2; at the cooling rate of 3.0°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.2 but smaller than 1.3; and at the cooling rate of 5.0°C/min. in the case where the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; in the raw ash is not smaller than 1.3.
  6. A method according to claim 5 wherein the weight ratio of CaO to SiO&sub2; is set not smaller than 0.8 but not larger than 1.3.
  7. A method according to claim 5 or 6 wherein a proportion of crystalline substances in solidified slug obtained by cooling the melted slug in volume is adjusted in a range of not smaller than 13% but not larger than 54%.
  8. An apparatus for producing hard aggregates from waste using the melted slug containers according to any one of claims 1 to 3, comprising:

       a melting furnace for melting the waste and discharging the melted waste as melted slug through a discharge port defined at the bottom thereof;

       a heat insulating chamber into which the discharge port is inserted from above;

       heat retaining means for maintaining an internal temperature of the heat insulating chamber at a value suitable to cool the melted slug gradually; and

       conveyance means for conveying a plurality of melted slug containers one after another to a position where the melted slug container receives the melted slug discharged through the discharge port of the melting furnace.
  9. An apparatus according to claim 8 wherein the heat retaining means includes gas aspiration means for aspirating gas in the heat insulating chamber so as to promote the outflow of combustion gas from the melting furnace to the heat insulating chamber through the discharge port.
  10. An apparatus according to claim 9 wherein the heat retaining means includes temperature detecting means for detecting the temperature in the heat insulating chamber and temperature control means for controlling the operation of the gas aspiration means in accordance with the detected temperature.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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