PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0555316 16.07.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0555316
Titel VERFAHREN ZUM FORMATIEREN UND AUSWENDIG LERNEN DER INFORMATIONEN
Anmelder Kahn, Richard G., Ashland, N.H., US
Erfinder Kahn, Richard G., Ashland, N.H., US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69129586
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 11.10.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 919195503
WO-Anmeldetag 11.10.1991
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9107288
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9208216
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 14.05.1992
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 18.08.1993
EP date of grant 10.06.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 16.07.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse G09B 3/00
IPC-Nebenklasse G09B 3/04   G09B 7/02   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a method and a masking apparatus for presenting information to be learned and/or memorized, involving the reduction of a sentence, phrase, or list of information to be memorized into a special format, and a sequential presentation of the reduced text. During the presentation of the reduced text, the sentence, phrase, or list of information is recited while viewing, then masking, columns of text, reduced text cues and non-text cues. Conditioned physical responses through vocalization and subvocalization and conditioned mental responses to a series of gradually reduced visual cues are used to store and recall the rhythm and content of the text being memorized.

Discussion of the Related Art

Methods for presenting information to be memorized are, in general, known. For example, a method for presenting information is described in U.S. Patent No. 203,988, issued to Charles Bailey on May 21, 1878. In this patent, the educational appliance is a revolving letter indicator, consisting of a revolving letter disk, a radially slotted guard plate, a rim flange, indicator, handle, and pivot. A disadvantage of this method for presenting information is that the slot is of limited width, admitting only a single letter or figure to be viewed. As a result, this device may not be used to present phrases or text. Furthermore, this device does not allow the sequential presentation of successively reduced text.

In another method for presenting information to be memorized, the information is reduced to an acronym and the acronym is memorized. The disadvantage of methods using acronyms is that multiple essentially meaningless acronyms are memorized, with the result that the significance of the acronyms is forgotten.

The GB-A-1 045 631 discloses a device for memorizing teaching material in which material to be memorized can be arranged in concise form with questions and answers printed side by side. The presentation of questions and answers is in the conventional two-part form.

The US 2 440 062 relates to a pictorial display device having manipulatable parts which, when operated, will successively reveal material in the form of pictures or script that is symbolic of a particular date. The method is to associate an idea or date with a picture to receive a better understanding of the idea or upcoming events.

Summary of the Invention

An object of the present invention, therefore, is to provide a method and apparatus for the organization and presentation for any kind of information to facilitate learning, memorization and recall. Information that can be used with this procedure includes (but is not limited to) substantive and procedural knowledge and "non-knowledge" types of information, such as data sets and encryption codes.

According to the first aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of reducing and presenting information. A topic and topic type (e.g., idea, fact, rule, definition) are entered, along with an informational text. The text is formatted so that key words, key phrases, and logical connectors within key phrases are capitalized. The text is then organized into text column format, in which each key word or key phrase, logical connector and any insignificant words following, is positioned within a column below the previous key word or key phrase (the first key word or key phrase having been positioned at the top of the column). The text is reduced into reduced text cue column format, in which each of the key words in the text column format is replaced by its first letter, and each logical connector is replaced by a logical symbol. The text is further reduced into non-text cue column format wherein each letter in the reduced text cue column format is replaced by a symbol. The information to be memorized is presented sequentially, first the topic, topic type and text in text column format, next the reduced text cue column, and then the non-text cue column. The font or typeface used to present the information can vary with the type of topic being presented. The information is reinforced by performing the above sequence in reverse order. All of the capitalization, substitution, reduction, formatting, font selection and presentation cycle can be performed manually or automatically.

According to the second aspect of the invention, there is provided a masking apparatus for sequentially presenting selected portions of a formatted text. The masking apparatus is a rectangular flat body with a right flap formed by a fold in the body, a left flap formed by a fold in the body, a center portion being a part of the body between the left flap and right flap, the center portion having an opening, and a fourth flap having an edge pivotally connected to the body adjacent to the fold forming the left flap.

The masking apparatus may also be a rectangular frame having a slot in the bottom into which a sliding panel is inserted, and grooves along the sides along which the panel may be moved. The sliding panel is removably inserted into the frame through the slot. A left pair of opposing flaps is pivotally connected along adjacent edges by a left hinge. A center pair of opposing flaps is pivotally connected along adjacent edges to a center hinge. A right flap is pivotally connected to a right hinge. The hinges are pivotally connected to the top of the frame by a plurality of hinges providing for movement of the flaps to positions in 180 ° angular relation whereby a text placed under the frame is visible in one position of the flaps and is invisible in the other position.

Brief Description of the Drawings

  • The present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
  • Figure 1 is a flowchart of the text reduction process;
  • Figure 2 is a plan view of an example of text in reduced format;
  • Figure 3 is a flowchart of the text presentation process;
  • Figure 4 is a perspective view of a masking apparatus in fully expanded position;
  • Figure 5 is a perspective view of a masking apparatus in folded position wherein the right portion is flipped to a position to expose the text column;
  • Figure 6 is a perspective view of a masking apparatus in folded position wherein the left portion is flipped to a position to expose the non-text cue column and cover the reduced text cue column;
  • Figures 7 through 10 are perspective views of a masking apparatus and a text, illustrating the relation of the masking apparatus to the formatted text.
  • Figure 11 is a plan view of a multiple masking apparatus with the device configured to mask all text; and
  • Figure 12 is an end elevational view of the apparatus of Figure 11, as observed in the plane of line 28-28.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiments

Referring now in detail to the drawings, Figures 1 and 3 are flowcharts of a method for presenting information to be memorized in accordance with the present invention. Figure 1 illustrates a text reduction process. A plurality of topics and the types of those topics are first listed and recorded. Next, a text or sentence, comprising a plurality of key indicia (key words, logical words, and insignificant words) for each topic, is listed and recorded. In the text, the key words and logical words are identified (by comparing them with pre-existing lists of insignificant words and logical connector words) and their first letters are capitalized.

The text is next reduced and recorded. Figure 2 is an example of text in reduced format. For each topic (21), the topic type (25) is listed, and the text sentence is reduced to a text column format (22), a reduced text cue column format (23), and a non-text cue column format (24) which is recorded. Text column format (22) is produced by manually or automatically breaking the text into key words or key words linked by logical words, and recording on an appropriate medium. Reduced text cue column format (23) is produced by manually or automatically eliminating non-capitalized letters and replacing logical connector words with logical symbols, and recording on an appropriate medium. Non-text cue column format (24) also called fully reduced text cue column format is produced by replacing each capitalized letter with a non-text symbol, such as an asterisk or bullet, and recording on an appropriate medium. Numerals and numbers which appear in a text column are not reduced in the reduced-text cue and non-text cue columns.

Figure 3 illustrates a text presentation process. The user first chooses a desired presentation format. For example, the user can specify whether to use the non-text cue columns in the presentation cycle, and if so, whether to use the default symbol or some other user-specified symbol to represent keywords in the non-text cue columns. The desired topic and text for the topic are located.

The topic and topic type are presented and the text column, reduced text cue column and non-text cue column are masked. The user repeats the topic and topic type vocally, sub-vocally and mentally while reading them. The topic and topic type are then masked and the topic and topic type are repeated vocally, sub-vocally and mentally.

Next, the topic, topic type and text columns are presented and the reduced text column and non-text column are left masked. The user connects the topic, topic type and text column into a sentence and repeats that sentence vocally, sub-vocally and mentally while reading the corresponding words of the topic, topic type and text column.

The text column is masked, and the reduced text cue column is presented, while waiting for the user to proceed. Again, before the user proceeds, the sentence should be repeated vocally, subvocally, and mentally while "reading" the corresponding characters, numerals and symbols of the reduced text cue column. The reduced text cue column is masked and the non-text cue column is presented, while waiting for the user to proceed. Again, the user should repeat the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally while "reading" the corresponding numerals and symbols of the non-text cue columns before proceeding. Finally, all of the text and reduced text is masked while waiting for the user to proceed. Before proceeding, the user should repeat the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally. The user can alternatively return to the previous reduced text column instead of proceeding.

The process of learning and memorizing the sentence is reinforced by reversing the foregoing steps as follows. The topic and topic type and the non-text cue column are presented while waiting for the user to proceed. Before proceeding, the user should repeat the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally while "reading" that column. Next, the non-text cue column is masked and the reduced cue text column is presented, while waiting for the user to proceed. The user should repeat the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally before proceeding. The reduced text cue column is masked and the text column is presented, while waiting for the user to proceed. Again, before proceeding, the user should repeat the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally while "reading" that column. The user may choose another topic, for which the presentation and reinforcement of text are performed.

Referring now in detail to the drawings and Figures 4-6, first to Figure 4, a masking apparatus in accordance with the present invention will be seen to comprise a rectangular flat body folded into a right-most flap (41), a center portion (42), and a left-most flap (43), an opening (44), two folds (45, 46), and a third flap (47) pivotally connected along an edge adjacent to the center portion (42) and the left-most flap (43). The masking apparatus is preferably made of cardboard but can also be formed from any other suitable material. The flaps (41,43) and center portion (42) are formed by linear folds in the body (45,46), whereby the mask is capable of being in an open plane position as in Figure 4; in a position with the right-most flap (51) overlapping the other flaps (53 ,57) and center portion (52) as in Figure 5; or in a position with the left-most flap (63) covering the center portion (62) and the pivoting flap (67) as in Figure 6. The center portion (42) is provided with an opening (44) for facilitating viewing of a center column of text over which the mask is held. The mask should be the size of a page of the text.

Having set forth the structure of the masking apparatus as shown in Figures 4-6, Figures 7-10 are now referred to in the following description of use of the masking apparatus in presenting the formatted text:

  • a) The mask (101) is placed over the formatted text (103) in the configuration as in Figure 10, covering the text column, non-text cue column and reduced text cue column but not the topic and topic type. The user reads and repeats the topic and topic type vocally, subvocally, and mentally while reading them. The mask is moved to a position covering the topic and topic type and the user repeats the topic vocally, subvocally, and mentally.
  • b) The mask (5) is then placed and configured as in Figure 7, so that the topic, topic type and text column are exposed, and the reduced text column and non-text columns are masked. The user makes up a sentence containing the topic, topic type and text column and repeats that sentence vocally, sub-vocally, and mentally while "reading" the topic, topic type and text column. The user mentally notes a rhythm of the sentence by observing an emphasis and an inflection naturally placed on words in the sentence.
  • c) The user then immediately exposes the reduced text cue column and covers the non-text cue column and the text column of the text (83) with the mask (81) in the configuration shown in Figure 8. The user repeats the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally while "reading" the topic, topic type and reduced text column. Mental note is made of the rhythm of the sentence.
  • d) The user then immediately exposes the non-text cue column and covers the reduced text cue column and the text column of the text (93) with the mask (91) in the configuration shown in Figure 9. The user repeats the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally while "reading" the topic, topic type and non-text cue column. Again, mental note is made of the rhythm of the sentence.
  • e) The user then manipulates the mask (101) so that it is fully extended with the pivotally connected flap covering the opening, as shown in Figure 10. The mask is placed over the text column, reduced text column, and non-text column of the text (103). The user repeats the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally while "reading" the topic and topic type. Mental note is made of the rhythm of the sentence.
  • f) The user then looks up so that the formatted text is not in view. The user repeats the sentence vocally, subvocally, and mentally. Again, mental note is made of the rhythm of the sentence.
  • g) If at any time the user cannot recall any part of the sentence, the user can repeat the preceding step and move forward through the remaining steps.
  • h) The user reinforces the presentation by repeating steps b) through e), in reverse order.

Referring now to the drawings and Figures 11 and 12, another preferred embodiment of the masking apparatus (110) will be seen to comprise a sliding panel (111), a left-most pair of hinged flaps (112,113), a center pair of hinged flaps (114,115), a right hinged flap (116), a plurality of long hinges to which one or two flaps are connected (117), and a plurality of hinges (118) for connecting the long hinges to a frame, and the rectangular frame (119).

The masking apparatus (110) may be used with a text in reduced format having a large degree of detail or coverage due to multiple fields in a topic. The sliding panel (111) may be formed of rigid plastic or other suitable light weight material, and is inserted into a slit in the bottom of the frame and moves along grooves in the sides of the frame (119). The sliding panel (111) slides down to unmask vertically-arranged fields of text, reduced text cue and non-text cue columns. The frame is formed of rigid plastic or other suitable material, and is as large as a page of text with which it is to be used. The plurality of hinged flaps (112, 113, 114, 115, 116) are rotatably connected to the long hinges, and are preferably made of plastic but can also be formed from any other suitable material. The long hinges (117) provide for the flaps (112-116) to be flipped to positions in 180° angular rotation on either side of the hinge (117), as shown in Figure 12. Flap (112) is used to cover the non-text cue column; flap (113) is used to cover the reduced text cue column; flap (114) is used to cover the text column; flap (115) is used to cover a graphics, animation or multi-media column; flap (116) is used to cover a column containing a partial or complete list of topics. The hinges (118) are rigidly connected to the long hinge (117), and rotatably connected to the frame (119), so that the long hinges are perpendicular to the top of the frame, and so that the flap (116) or flaps (112, 113, 114, 115) attached to the long hinge (117) may be flipped to a position outside of the frame (119).

Further, the above description has been set forth merely to illustrate preferred exemplary embodiments of the present invention, and the invention is not limited to the specific forms shown. For example, the computerized version could be programmed to randomly access previously covered topics, rather than allowing the user to choose the topic, thus simulating a pop quiz. Also, the text, rather than the reduced format, could be stored in the database, the reduction of text to the various formats could be performed at a time when the topic is chosen.

These and other modifications may be made in the design and implementation of the elements within the scope of the invention, as expressed in the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Darstellen von zu lernenden und/oder auswendig zu lernenden Informationen, gekennzeichnet durch:
    • a) Auflisten und Aufzeichnen eines Themas (21);
    • b) Auflisten und Aufzeichnen eines dem Thema entsprechenden Textes, wobei der Text mehrere Schlüsselhinweise, wie Schlüsselwörter oder Schlüsselphrasen aus einer Anzahl von Schlüsselwörtern und einer logischer Verbindung sowie unbedeutende Wörter umfaßt;
    • c) Reduzieren der Informationen mit den Schritten:
      • Reduzieren des Textes in ein Textspaltenformat (22) durch Aufbrechen des Textes in Schlüsselhinweise;
      • Reduzieren des Textes in ein reduzierten Text beinhaltendes Merkpunkt-Spaltenformat (23) durch Ersetzen jedes Schlüsselwortes in dem Textspaltenformat durch seinen großgeschriebenen Anfangsbuchstaben sowie Ersetzen jedes logischen Wortes oder jeder solchen Phrase durch ein logisches Symbol; und
      • Reduzieren des Textes in ein textloses Merksymbol-Spaltenformat durch Ersetzen des großgeschriebenen Anfangsbuchstabens aus dem reduzierten Text beinhaltenden Merkpunkt-Spaltenformat durch ein Nichttextsymbol;
    • d) Darstellen der Informationen in den nachfolgenden Schritten, in der angegebenen Reihenfolge:
      • Darstellen des Themas und des Textes im Textspaltenformat; danach
      • Darstellen des Textes in einem reduzierten Text beinhaltenden Merkpunkt-Spaltenformat; danach
      • Darstellen des Textes in einem textlosen Merksymbol-Spaltenformat; danach
      • keine Textdarstellung
  2. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach Anspruch 1, bei dem jedes derartige Schlüsselwort und jede derartige logische Verbindung durch einen großgeschriebenen Anfangsbuchstaben kenntlich gemacht ist.
  3. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach Anspruch 1, bei dem der Text eine erste Mehrheit von Schlüsselwörtern, eine zweite Mehrheit von Schlüsselphrasen, eine dritte Mehrheit von unbedeutenden Wörtern sowie eine vierte Mehrheit von Wortreihen mit einem Schlüsselwort oder einer Schlüsselphrase gefolgt von zumindest einem unbedeutenden Wort umfaßt und bei dem das Textspaltenformat ferner die Wortreihen angeordnet in einer Abfolge aufweist.
  4. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei dem jedes unbedeutende Wort in der reduzierten Text beinhaltenden Merkpunkt-Spalte entfernt wird.
  5. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei dem die textlosen Symbole Sternchen sind.
  6. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei dem die textlosen Symbole kleine Kreisscheiben sind.
  7. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, bei dem zumindest ein unbedeutendes Wort in der textlosen Merksymbol-Spalte entfernt wird.
  8. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, das einen Schritt zur Vertiefung des Auswendiglernens umfaßt, indem der textlose Merkysmbol-Spaltenformattext, der Merkpunkte beinhaltende Spaltenformattext, der Text im Spaltenformattext und das Thema wiedergegeben werden.
  9. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach Anspruch 10, bei dem der zur Vertiefung des Auswendiglernens vorgesehene Schritt die folgenden Schritte in der aufgeführten Reihenfolge umfaßt;
    • Anzeigen des Textes im textlosen Merksymbol-Spaltenformat; danach
    • Anzeigen des Textes im reduzierten, Merkpunkte beinhaltende Textspaltenformat; danach
    • Anzeigen des Themas und des Textes im Textspaltenformat.
  10. Verfahren zum Darstellen von zu lernenden und/ oder auswendig zu lernenden Informationen nach Anspruch 2, bei dem der Schritt zur Reduzierung des Textes in ein reduziertes, Merkpunkte beinhaltendes Textspaltenformat das Ersetzen jedes unbedeutenden Wortes durch seinen Anfangsbuchstaben,

       und der Schritt zur Reduzierung des Textes in ein textloses Merksymbol-Spaltenformat das Ersetzen jedes Anfangsbuchstabens durch ein Nichttextsymbol umfassen.
  11. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, bei dem die Textspalte, die reduzierten Text beinhaltende Merkpunkt-Spalte und die textlose Merksymbol-Spalte im gleichen Flächenbereich auf einem Computerbildschirm dargestellt werden.
  12. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, bei dem die Textspalte als rechte Spalte, die den reduzierten Text beinhaltende Merkpunkt-Spalte als mittlere Spalte und die auf die textlose Merksymbol-Spalte als linke Spalte dargestellt werden.
  13. Verfahren zum Darstellen von zu lernenden und /oder auswendig zu lernende Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, das die folgenden Schritte umfaßt:
    • Bestimmen eines jeden Schlüsselwortes als Schlüsselwort, indem sichergestellt wird, daß die Schlüsselwörter keinem Wort einer spezifizierten Liste von unbedeutenden Wörtern entsprechen; und
    • Formatieren jedes Schlüsselwortes derart, daß es einen großgeschriebenen Anfangsbuchstaben aufweist, wobei jede logische Verbindung durch einen großgeschriebenen Anfangsbuchstaben kenntlich gemacht ist.
  14. Verfahren zum Darstellen von zu lernenden und /oder auswendig zu lernenden Informationen nach Anspruch 2 mit den Schritten:
    • Kennzeichnen aller Schlüsselwörter durch einen großgeschriebenen Anfangsbuchstaben;
    • Bestimmen jeder logischen Verbindung als eine logische Verbindung, indem festgestellt wird, daß sie einem Wort in einer spezifizierten Liste von logischen Verbindungswörtern entspricht; und
    • bei dem der Schritt zur Reduzierung des Textes in ein reduzierten Text beinhaltendes Merkpunkt-Spaltenformat das Ersetzen der logischen Verbindungen durch bestimmte Symbole umfaßt.
  15. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 14, bei dem die Größe und/oder Gestaltung und/oder Farbe der zur Informationsdarstellung verwendeten Schriftart oder -zeichen von der Art des dargestellten Themas abhängt.
  16. Verfahren zum Darstellen von Informationen nach Anspruch 3, bei dem die Abfolge in vertikaler Richtung verläuft.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method of presenting information to be learned and/or memorized, comprising:
    • (a) listing and recording a topic (21);
    • (b) listing and recording a text corresponding to such topic, wherein the text comprises a plurality of key indicia such as key words, or key phrases comprising a plurality of key words and a logical connector, and insignificant words;
    • (c) reducing the information, comprising the steps of:
      • reducing the text to a text column format (22) by breaking the text into key indicia;
      • reducing the text to a reduced text cue column format (23) by replacing each key word in text column format by its capitalized first letter and replacing each logical word or phrase by a logical symbol; and
      • reducing the text to non- text cue column format (24) by replacing each capitalized letter in the reduced text cue column by a non-text symbol;
    • (d) presenting the information, comprising the steps of, in the order presented,
      • presenting the topic and text in text column format; then
      • presenting the text in reduced text cue column format; then
      • presenting the text in non- text cue column format; then
      • presenting no text.
  2. A method of presenting information according to claim 1, wherein each such key word and each such logical connector is signified by having a capitalized first letter.
  3. A method of presenting information according to claim 1, wherein the text further comprises a first plurality of key words, a second plurality of key phrases, a third plurality of insignificant words, and a fourth plurality of lines of words comprising a key word or key phrase followed by at least one insignificant word; the text column format further comprises the lines of words arranged in a succession.
  4. A method for presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 3, further comprising eliminating each insignificant word in the reduced text cue column.
  5. A method for presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the non-text symbols are asterisks.
  6. A method for presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the non-text symbols are bullets.
  7. A method for presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 6, further comprising eliminating at least one insignificant word in the non-text cue column.
  8. A method for presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 7, further comprising a step of reinforcing the memorization by displaying the non-text cue column format text, the text cue column format text, and the text column format text, and the topic.
  9. A method for presenting information according to claim 10, wherein the reinforcing step comprises the steps of, in the order presented;
    • displaying the text in non-text cue column format; then
    • displaying the text in reduced text cue column format; then
    • displaying the topic and the text in text column format.
  10. A method of presenting information to be learned and/or memorized according to claim 2, wherein the step of
    • reducing the text to a reduced text cue column format comprises replacing each insignificant word by its first letter; and the step of
    • reducing the text to non-text cue column format comprises replacing each first letter by a non-text symbol.
  11. A method for presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 10, wherein the text column, the reduced text cue column, and the non-text cue column are displayed at the same location on a computer screen.
  12. A method for presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 11, wherein the text column is presented on a right- hand column, the reduced text cue column is presented on a center column, and the non-text cue column is presented on a left-hand column.
  13. A method of presenting information to be learned and/or memorized according to any of claims 1 to 12, comprising the steps of determining each key word to be a key word by ascertaining that the key words do not match any words set forth in a specified list of insignificant words, and formating each key word so that each has a capitalized first letter, whereby each logical connector is signified by having a capitalized first letter.
  14. A method of presenting information to be learned and/or memorized according to claim 2, comprising the steps of signifying each key word by having a capitalized first letter, determining each logical connector to be a logical connector by ascertaining that they match a word set forth in a specified list of logical connector words; and whereby the step of reducing the text to a reduced text cue column format comprises replacing logical connectors with specified symbols.
  15. A method of presenting information according to any of claims 1 to 14, wherein the size and/or style and/ or color of the font or type face used to present information depends upon the type of topic being presented.
  16. A method of presenting information according to claim 3, wherein the succession is vertical.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé de présentation d'une information à apprendre et/ou à mémoriser, comprenant :
    • (a) l'inscription dans une liste et l'enregistrement d'un sujet ou thème (21) ;
    • (b) l'inscription dans une liste et l'enregistrement d'un texte correspondant à ce sujet, le texte comprenant un certain nombre de repères clés tels que des mots clés, ou des phrases clés comprenant un certain nombre de mots clés et un connecteur logique, ainsi que des mots insignifiants ;
    • (c) la réduction de l'information, comprenant les étapes consistant à :
      • réduire le texte à un format de colonne de texte (22) en décomposant le texte en repères clés ;
      • réduire le texte à un format de colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit (23) en remplaçant chaque mot clé dans le format de colonne de texte par sa première lettre en majuscule, et en remplaçant chaque mot logique ou chaque phrase logique par un symbole logique ; et
      • réduire le texte à un format de colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte (24) en remplaçant chaque lettre en majuscule dans la colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit, par un symbole non-texte ;
    • (d) la présentation de l'information, comprenant les étapes consistant à :
      • présentation du sujet et le texte dans un format de colonne de texte ; puis
      • présentation du texte en format de colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit ; puis
      • présentation du texte en format de colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte ; puis
      • sans présentation du texte.
  2. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon la revendication 1,

    dans lequel

    chaque mot clé et chaque connecteur logique est signifié en ayant une première lettre en majuscule.
  3. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon la revendication 1,

    dans lequel
    • le texte comprend en outre un premier ensemble de mots clés, un second ensemble de phrases clés, un troisième ensemble de mots insignifiants, et un quatrième ensemble de lignes de mots comprenant un mot clé ou une phrase clé suivis d'au moins un mot insignifiant ;
    • le format de colonne de texte comprend en outre les lignes de mots disposées successivement.
  4. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,

    comprenant en outre

    la suppression de chaque mot insignifiant dans la colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit.
  5. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,

    dans lequel

    les symboles non-texte sont des astérisques.
  6. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,

    dans lequel

    les symboles non-texte sont des balles.
  7. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6,

    comprenant en outre

    la suppression d'au moins un mot insignifiant dans la colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte.
  8. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7,

    comprenant en outre

    une étape de renforcement de la mémorisation en affichant le texte en format de colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte, le texte en format de colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte, le texte en format de colonne de texte, et le sujet ou thème.
  9. Procédé de présentation d'un information selon la revendication 8,

    dans lequel

    l'étape de renforcement comprend les étapes consistant, dans l'ordre présenté, à :
    • afficher le texte en format de colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte ; puis
    • afficher le texte en format de colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit ; puis
    • afficher le sujet et le texte en format de colonne de texte.
  10. Procédé de présentation d'une information à apprendre et/ou à mémoriser, selon la revendication 2,

    dans lequel
    • l'étape de réduction du texte à un format de colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit, comprend le remplacement de chaque mot insignifiant par sa première lettre ; et
    • l'étape de réduction du texte au format de colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte, comprend le remplacement de chaque première lettre par un symbole non-texte.
  11. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10,

    dans lequel

    la colonne de texte, la colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit et la colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte, sont affichées au même endroit sur un écran d'ordinateur.
  12. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11,

    dans lequel

    la colonne de texte est présentée sur une colonne de droite, la colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit est présentée sur une colonne centrale, et la colonne de caractères indicateurs non-texte est présentée sur une colonne de gauche.
  13. Procédé de présentation d'une information à apprendre et/ou à mémoriser, selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12,

    comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    • déterminer chaque mot clé pour qu'il soit un mot clé en s'assurant que les mots clés ne correspondent pas à des mots quelconques apparaissant dans une liste spécifiée de mots insignifiants, et
    • formater chaque mot clé pour que chacun d'eux ait une première lettre en majuscule de façon que chaque connecteur logique soit signifié comme ayant une première lettre en majuscule.
  14. Procédé de présentation d'une information à apprendre et/ou à mémoriser, selon la revendication 2,

    comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    • signifier chaque mot clé comme ayant une première lettre en majuscule ;
    • déterminer chaque connecteur logique pour qu'il soit un connecteur logique en s'assurant que ces connecteurs correspondent à un mot apparaissant dans une liste spécifiée de mots de connecteurs logiques ;
    • l'étape de réduction du texte à un format de colonne de caractères indicateurs de texte réduit, comprenant le remplacement des connecteurs logiques par des symboles spécifiés.
  15. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 14,

    dans lequel

    la taille et/ou le style et/ou la couleur de la face avant ou face d'inscription utilisée pour présenter l'information, dépendent du type de sujet en cours de présentation.
  16. Procédé de présentation d'une information selon la revendication 3,

    dans lequel

    la succession est verticale.






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