PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0689482 13.08.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0689482
Titel ANORDNUNG ZUM SICHEREN BEFESTIGEN EINER WALZEINHEIT IN EINEM WALZGERÜST
Anmelder Morgardshammar AB, Smedjebacken, SE
Erfinder TINGVALL, Lars, S-777 33 Smedjebacken, SE
Vertreter Schroeter Fleuchaus Lehmann & Gallo, 81479 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69411549
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 14.03.1994
EP-Aktenzeichen 949106215
WO-Anmeldetag 14.03.1994
PCT-Aktenzeichen SE9400212
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9421396
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 29.09.1994
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 03.01.1996
EP date of grant 08.07.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.08.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse B21B 31/00

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to an arrangement for fastening a roll-unit carrier firmly to a roll stand, said carrier being brought into abutment with the roll stand by moving the carrier linearly, wherein the roll stand includes an eccentrically journalled fastening device and a rotatable cylindrical member and the arrangement includes means for rotating the cylindrical member between a fastening position in which the carrier is pressed against the roll stand at a predetermined force, and a release position in which the carrier can be moved towards or away from the roll stand without being impeded by the fastening device.

Modern roll stands are often constructed for quick exchange of the roll unit. In the case of one known construction of this kind, the roll unit is carried by a carrier or cassette which can be moved linearly in relation to the remainder of the roll stand with the aid of a mechanism mounted on the base structure that supports the stand, so as to enable the roll unit to be removed and replaced with a new roll unit. In order to enable this exchange to be made quickly, it must be possible to quickly release the carrier from and to quickly fasten the carrier to the remainder of the roll stand. High demands are placed on such fastening arrangements because of the large forces that are generated when rolling materials in a rolling mill, particularly in view of the fact that the force with which the carrier is fastened to the remainder of the roll stand must be so great that the carrier and that part of the unit to which it is coupled will function as a homogenous unit in the operation of the rolling mill. Fastening forces in the region of about 1000 kN are required in meeting this demand.

An arrangement according to the introductory portion of Claim 1 is known from FR-A- 1 349 021.

An object of the present invention is to provide a fastener arrangement of the aforesaid kind which will produce the requisite fastening force and which is also very reliable in operation.

This object is achieved in accordance with the invention with an arrangement of the kind defined in the introduction which is characterized in that the fastening device is journalled eccentrically in the rotatable cylindrical member and has one end provided with a fastening surface which in the fastening mode of the arrangement coacts with a complementary surface on the carrier; and in that the fastening device is journalled for axial movement in the cylindrical member. The use of an eccentrically journalled fastener device enables very powerful fastening forces to be obtained with a relatively limited power input for generating and maintaining the fastening or securing force.

According to one preferred embodiment of the fastener arrangement, the fastener device is journalled for axial movement in the cylindrical member, between an inserted position in which the carrier is able to move linearly into abutment with the roll stand, and an extended position in which movement of the carrier is prevented. The arrangement also includes means for preventing rotation of the fastener device, and the cylindrical member includes a pin which runs in a channel in the fastener device and controls axial movement of said fastener device in relation to the cylindrical member.

A preferred embodiment of an inventive fastener arrangement will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

  • Fig. 1 is a side view of a roll stand and shows the various stand components in an unassembled state;
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the pinion stand housing taken on the line II-II in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 3 illustrates part of Fig. 2 in larger scale and shows one embodiment of an inventive fastener arrangement;
  • Fig. 4 illustrates a fastener device included in the fastener arrangement of Fig. 3;
  • Figs. 5A-5D are schematic vertical sectional views of the fastener arrangement illustrated in Fig. 3 and show different stages of fastener manoeuvering; and
  • Fig. 6 illustrates the fastener arrangement of Figs. 3-5 from above.

The roll stand illustrated in Figure 1 comprises a roll unit 1, a cassette 2, a pinion stand 3, and a drive unit 4. The roll unit 1 is carried by the cassette 2, which is in turn carried by the pinion stand housing 5, as is also the drive unit 4. Two spindles 6, 7 are journalled in the pinion stand housing and are drivingly connected to the rolls 9, 10 by means of a coupling holder 8 mounted to the housing. The pinion stand housing also carries a roll hoist mechanism 11.

Although not shown, the roll stand is mounted on a concrete supportive base structure which also carries a known displacement mechanism which is intended to move the cassette 2 linearly between a first position in which the cassette is in abutment with parts of the pinion stand housing, and a second position in which the cassette is positioned on a carriage means which can be moved transversely to the direction of cassette displacement. This arrangement enables the roll unit to be readily removed in the second position of the cassette, either by lifting the cassette with the aid of an overhead crane or by removing the roll unit on the carriage means, together with the cassette, and replacing the old roll unit with a new roll unit.

In order to enable the exchange of a roll unit to be effected quickly, two mutually identical fastener arrangements 12 are fixedly mounted on the pinion stand housing 5, these arrangements being located vertically immediately beneath the pinion stand housing and supported by side flanges 13 provided on said housing, as will best be seen from Figure 1.

One such fastener arrangement 12 will now be described in detail with particular reference to Figures 3-6. The fastener arrangement illustrated in the Figures includes a cylindrical member 14 and a fastening device 15 which is journalled eccentrically in the cylindrical member and has a cylindrical shape with the exception of its bottom end 16 in Figure 3, said bottom end having the shape of the segment of a circle when seen in cross-section. The cylindrical member 14 is journalled for rotation in the side flange 13 of the pinion stand housing and is rotated by a worm screw 17 which engages with a toothed ring 18 provided on the cylindrical member.

Connected to the cylindrical member 14 is a pin 19, one end of which projects radially inwards from inside the cylindrical member. This radially inwards projecting end of the pin 19 runs in a groove or slot 20, provided on the peripheral surface of the fastener device 15.

The end of the fastener device 15 opposite to the end 16 is provided with a central, cylindrical recess 21 and the defining wall of said recess is provided with two diametrically opposed grooves 22 which extend parallel with the longitudinal axis of the fastener device. These grooves receive the ends of a rod 23 which is carried by a link 24 which is pivotally connected at one end to the rod 23. The other end of the link 24 is pivotally connected to a further rod 25 carried by a rotatable disc 26 which is latched against rotation by a spring-biassed, displaceable bolt 27 which projects into a V-shaped recess in the disc.

Figure 3 illustrates the fastening arrangement in an active state, in which a cassette post or column (not shown in the Figure) is fastened firmly between the flat surface 16a of the end 16 of the fastening device and a flat surface 28 of the pinion stand housing with a force of about 1000 kN. The cassette column is provided with surfaces complementary to the surfaces 16a and 28 and also with a flange which fits into the groove 16b in the end 16 of the fastening arrangement.

Figures 5A-5D illustrate schematically different stages of manoeuvering of the fastening arrangement, said Figures being cross-sectional views taken on a transverse plane relative to the axial direction of the fastening arrangement and extending through the pin 19. In the Figures, the position of the flat surface 16B of the fastening device 15 has been indicated in broken lines, and the Figures also show the projection of the groove 20.

Figure 5A illustrates the fastening arrangement in its active position, in which the pin 19 that projects out from the cylindrical member 14 is located in the part 20a of the groove 20 in the fastening device, close to the end thereof.

In Figure 5B, the cylindrical member 14 has been rotated through 70° in an anti-clockwise direction with the aid of the worm 17. In this stage, the fastening device journalled eccentrically in the cylindrical member will have been moved laterally to the left in the Figure 3. The pin 19 fixedly mounted in the cylindrical member moves freely in the groove part 20a during the whole of the rotary movement of the cylindrical member, since this part of the groove 20 extends at right angles to the rotational axis of the cylindrical member. In the position shown in Figure 5A, the pin 19 has reached the end of the groove part 20a.

In the position shown in Figure 5C, the cylindrical member 14 has been rotated through a further 30°. As the cylindrical member 14 rotates between the positions shown in Figures 5B and 5C, the pin 19 runs in the part 20b of the groove 20, this groove part 20b extending obliquely to the rotational axis of the cylindrical member. Since the latching device 15 is latched against rotation, as earlier mentioned, the pin 19 will move the latching device upwards in Figure 3 during this part of the rotary movement of the cylindrical member. In order to make this possible, the extent to which the latching device is moved purely sideways during rotation of the cylindrical member between the positions shown in Figures 5A and 5B must be sufficient to ensure that the end 16 of the fastening or latching device 15 will pass free from the outwardly projecting flange on the cassette column coacting with the groove 16b at this end. In the position shown in Figure 5C, the pin 19 has reached the end of the groove part 20b and the end 16 of the fastening device is inserted fully into the cylindrical member 14.

The cylindrical member 14 is then rotated through a further 10°, to the terminal position shown in Figure 5D. During this further rotation, the pin 19 moves in the groove part 20c which, similar to the groove part 20a, extends at right angles to the rotational direction of the cylindrical member.

The cassette 2 is now completely free from the pinion stand housing 5 and can be moved linearly away from said housing, to enable quick exchange of the roll unit.

Upon completion of this exchange and after a new cassette containing a new roll unit, or after the same cassette that has been provided with a new roll unit, has been brought into abutment with the pinion stand housing, the worm is rotated in the opposite direction so that the cylindrical member will rotate clockwise from the position illustrated in Figure 5D to the position illustrated in Figure 5A. As the cylindrical member rotates, the fastening device will move in the same manner as that described with reference to Figures 5A-5D, but in the opposite direction. When the cylindrical member 14 has reached the position shown in Figure 5A, the abutment surface 16a on the end 16 of the fastening arrangement will be in abutment with the surface on the cassette post or column which is complementary to the surface 16a. As will be seen from Figure 5A, the groove 20 permits the cylindrical member to rotate through a further 10° before the terminal position is reached, thereby enabling the fastening device to move laterally further to the right in Figure 3.

As the cylindrical member rotates, the fastening device will be influenced by the torque that is generated as a result of friction between those surfaces of the cylindrical member, the fastening device and the pin which move relative to one another, and also by the peripherally directed force component exerted by the pin as it moves in the part 20b of the groove 20. This torque is transmitted to the disc 26 via the rod 23, the link 25 and the further rod 25, said disc 26 being latched against rotation by means of the spring-biassed bolt 27. Should the inward or outward movement of the fastening device be prevented for some reason or other, for instance if the cassette column has not been moved into abutment with the pinion stand housing in the manner intended as the column is moved linearly, the pin 19, as it reaches the part 20b of the fastening arrangement groove 20 as the cylindrical member rotates, will exert on the fastening device 15 a force of such power as to cause the fastening device to rotate against the action of the spring force acting on the bolt 27. The bolt will thereby be moved radially outwards from the position shown in Figure 6. The bolt 27 is also provided with an electrical contact plate which when the bolt is in its inserted position, as shown in Figure 6, completes an electric circuit to an electric motor (not shown) which drives the worm 17. Thus, if the bolt is moved away from this position, the electric motor will stop and driving of the worm will cease. This arrangement ensures that the fastening device cannot be moved to an active position unless the cassette is correctly positioned in abutment with the pinion stand housing, and also that the fastening device will not be damaged should the intended movement patterns be interrupted. The bolt will preferably be connected to a signalling device which functions to indicate when the bolt has been moved away from its normal position.

As before mentioned, when the cassette is disconnected from the pinion stand housing, the cassette will rest on a displacement mechanism disposed on the concrete supportive base structure. In order to prevent contact of the cassette with the supportive base structure while the rolling mill is operating and damage the displacement mechanism as a result of vibrations or the like, the cassette abutment surfaces which coact with the pinion stand housing are so configured that when the cassette is moved into abutment with said housing by the displacement mechanism, the cassette will solely abut the lower part of the pinion stand housing whereas the remainder of the mutually coacting abutment surfaces will be slightly spaced from one another. The lower mutually coacting abutment surfaces of the cassette and the pinion stand housing are so arranged that the lower abutment surfaces on the cassette are unable to move vertically in relation to the pinion stand housing subsequent to the cassette having been brought into abutment with the pinion stand housing. By virtue of the fastening arrangements 12, the entire cassette is therefore caused to swing around an axis through the lower abutment surfaces until remaining coacting abutment surfaces come into abutment with one another. By appropriate configuration of the cassette, the cassette can be caused to move completely free from the supportive base structure during this pivotal movement of the cassette.

As will be understood, the aforedescribed and illustrated embodiment of a fastening arrangement can be modified in many ways within the scope of the present invention. For instance, the worm may be driven by some means other than an electric motor, for instance a hydraulic motor, the pin 19 may be mounted on the fastening device and the groove 20 provided on the cylindrical member. The eccentric positioning of the fastening device in the cylindrical member can also be varied, depending upon the desired movement pattern and also the extent to which the different parts of the groove 20 are angled. The devices which latch the fastening device against rotation can also have configurations different to those shown, for instance the devices may be comprised of axially extending rods which run in undulations disposed on the outside of the fastening device. These rods may be attached directly to a rotatable disc which is so journalled as to enable it to move laterally. The aforedescribed mechanism for switching-off the worm drive motor may also be replaced with a detector which detects directly the torque to which the fastening device is subjected and delivers a switch-off signal to the worm drive means when this torque exceeds a determined value. The invention is therefore restricted solely by the content of the following Claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Anordnung zum sicheren Befestigen eines Walzeinheit-Trägers (2) in einem Walzgerüst, wobei der Träger zur Anlage an dem Walzgerüst durch lineare Bewegung des Trägers gebracht wird, wobei das Walzgerüst eine exzentrisch gelagerte Befestigungsvorrichtung (15) und ein drehbares zylindrisches Glied (14) aufweist, und wobei die Anordnung Mittel (17, 18) zum Verdrehen des zylindrischen Gliedes zwischen einer Befestigungsstellung, in der der Träger gegen das Walzgerüst mit einer vorbestimmten Kraft gedrückt wird, und einer Freigabestellung aufweist, in der der Träger auf das Walzgerüst zu oder von diesem weg bewegt werden kann, ohne durch die Befestigungsvorrichtung behindert zu werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Befestigungsvorrichtung (15) exzentrisch in dem drehbaren zylindrischen Glied (14) gelagert ist und ein Ende (16) hat, das mit einer Befestigungsoberfläche (16a) versehen ist, die im Befestigungsmodus der Anordnung mit einer komplementären Oberfläche an dem Träger (2) zusammenwirkt, und daß die Befestigungsvorrichtung (15) für eine axiale Bewegung in dem zylindrischen Glied (14) gelagert ist.
  2. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Verdrehmittel für das zylindrische Glied eine Schnecke (17) aufweisen, die mit einem Zahnring (18) in Eingriff steht, der an dem zylindrischen Glied (14) angebracht ist.
  3. Anordnung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, gekennzeichnet durch ein Element (23), das eine Verdrehung der Befestigungsvorrichtung (15) verhindert.
  4. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das zylindrische Glied (14) einen Stift (19) aufweist, der sich in einer Nut (20) bewegt, die in der Befestigungsvorrichtung (15) vorgesehen ist, um dadurch die axiale Bewegung der Befestigungsvorrichtung relativ zu dem zylindrischen Glied zu führen.
  5. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, gekennzeichnet durch Mittel (26, 27) zum Bestimmen des Drehmoments, dem die Befestigungsvorrichtung (15) unterworfen ist, und zum Liefern eines Abschaltsignals an die Drehantriebseinrichtung des zylindrischen Glieds (15), wenn das Drehmoment einen bestimmten Wert übersteigt.
  6. Anordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß, wenn der Träger (2) zur Anlage an dem Walzgerüst gebracht wird, die Anlage erreicht wird durch gegenseitig zusammenwirkende erste Anschlagflächen an dem Träger und an dem Walzgerüst, die geringfügig gegenüber der Struktur des Stützgestells beabstandet sind, daß die Befestigungsvorrichtung (15) unter einem größeren Abstand gegenüber der Struktur des Stützgestells angeordnet ist als die ersten Anschlagflächen, und daß die gegenseitig komplementären zweiten Anschlagflächen des Trägers (2) und des Walzgerüsts, die an der Stelle der Befestigungsvorrichtung angeordnet sind, in der Bewegungsrichtung des Trägers geringfügig gegenseitig beabstandet sind, wenn der Träger zur Anlage an dem Walzgerüst bewegt wird, wobei der Träger veranlaßt wird zu schwenken, wenn die gegenseitig komplementären zweiten Anschlagflächen des Trägers und des Walzgerüsts in Anlage miteinander bewegt werden, wenn die Befestigungsanordnung in ihre Befestigungsstellung gebracht wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. An arrangement for fastening a roll unit carrier (2) firmly to a roll stand, said carrier being brought into abutment with the roll stand by moving the carrier linearly, wherein the roll stand includes an eccentrically journalled fastening device (15) and a rotatable cylindrical member (14) and the arrangement includes means (17, 18) for rotating the cylindrical member between a fastening position in which the carrier is pressed against the roll stand at a predetermined force, and a release position in which the carrier can be moved towards or away from the roll stand without being impeded by the fastening device, characterized in that the fastening device (15) is journalled eccentrically in the rotatable cylindrical member (14) and has one end (16) provided with a fastening surface (16a) which in the fastening mode of the arrangement coacts with a complementary surface on the carrier (2); and in that the fastening device (15) is journalled for axial movement in the cylindrical member (14).
  2. An arrangement according to Claim 1, characterized in that the cylindrical member rotating means comprises a worm screw (17) which meshes with a toothed ring (18) mounted on the cylindrical member (14).
  3. An arrangement according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized by an element (23) which prevents rotation of the fastening device (15).
  4. An arrangement according to any one of Claims 1-3, characterized in that the cylindrical member (14) includes a pin (19) which moves in a groove (20) provided in the fastening device (15) therewith to guide axial movement of the fastening device relative to the cylindrical member.
  5. An arrangement according to any one of Claims 1-4, characterized by means (26, 27) for detecting the torque to which the fastening device (15) is subjected and to deliver a switch-off signal to the rotational drive means of the cylindrical member (15) when said torque exceeds a determined value.
  6. An arrangement according to any one of the preceding Claims, characterized in that when bringing the carrier (2) into abutment with the roll stand, abutment is achieved with mutually coacting first abutment surfaces on the carrier and the roll stand that are spaced slightly from the supportive base structure; in that the fastening device (15) is located at a greater distance from the supportive base structure than the first abutment surfaces; and in that the mutually complementary second abutment surfaces of the carrier (2) and the roll stand located at the place of the fastening device are spaced slightly apart in the movement direction of the carrier as the carrier is moved into abutment with the roll stand, wherein the carrier is caused to swing as the mutually complementing second abutment surfaces on the carrier and the roll stand are moved into abutment with one another as the fastening arrangement is manoeuvered to its fastening position.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Système de fixation ferme d'un porte-cylindre (2) à une cage de laminoir, ce porte-cylindre étant amené en butée contre la cage de laminoir en déplaçant le porte-cylindre linéairement, la cage de laminoir comprenant un dispositif de fixation (15) monté excentriquement en rotation et un élément cylindrique rotatif (14), tandis que le système comprend des moyens (17, 18) pour faire tourner l'élément cylindrique entre une position de fixation dans laquelle le porte-cylindre est pressé contre la cage de laminoir avec une force prédéterminée, et une position de libération dans laquelle le porte-cylindre peut être rapproché ou écarté de la cage de laminoir sans être gêné par le dispositif de fixation,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • le dispositif de fixation (15) est monté excentriquement en rotation dans l'élément cylindrique rotatif (14) et comporte une extrémité (16) munie d'une surface de fixation (16a) qui, dans le mode de fixation du système, coopère avec une surface complémentaire du porte-cylindre (2) ; et
    • le dispositif de fixation (15) est monté en rotation de manière à pouvoir se déplacer axialement dans l'élément cylindrique (14).
  2. Système selon la revendication 1,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • les moyens pour faire tourner l'élément cylindrique comprennent une vis sans fin (17) qui vient en prise avec une bague dentée (18) montée sur l'élément cylindrique (14).
  3. Système selon la revendication 1 ou 2,

    caractérisé par
    • un élément (23) qui empêche la rotation du dispositif de fixation (15).
  4. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • l'élément cylindrique (14) comprend un goujon (19) qui se déplace dans une rainure (20) formée dans le dispositif de fixation (15) pour guider ainsi le mouvement axial du dispositif de fixation par rapport à l'élément cylindrique.
  5. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,

    caractérisé par
    • des moyens (26, 27) pour détecter le couple auquel le dispositif de fixation (15) est soumis, et pour délivrer un signal de coupure aux moyens d'entraînement en rotation de l'élément cylindrique (15) lorsque ce couple dépasse une valeur déterminée.
  6. Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,

    caractérisé en ce que
    • lorsqu'on amène le porte-cylindre (2) en butée contre la cage de laminoir, la butée est effectuée en faisant mutuellement coopérer les premières surfaces de butée sur le porte-cylindre et la cage de laminoir qui sont légèrement espacées de la structure de base de support ;
    • le dispositif de fixation (15) est placé à une plus grande distance de la structure de base de support que les premières surfaces de butée ; et
    • les secondes surfaces de butée mutuellement complémentaires du porte-cylindre (2) et de la cage de laminoir à l'endroit du dispositif de fixation, sont légèrement espacées dans la direction du déplacement du porte-cylindre lorsque ce dernier est amené en butée contre la cage de laminoir, de sorte que le porte-cylindre est amené à basculer lorsque les secondes surfaces de butée mutuellement complémentaires sur le porte-cylindre et la cage de laminoir sont amenées en butée l'une contre l'autre quand on manoeuvre le dispositif de fixation pour l'amener dans sa position de fixation.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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