PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0645230 20.08.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0645230
Titel Wulstmengeeinstellungsvorrichtung für Strangpresse
Anmelder Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho, Kobe, Hyogo, JP
Erfinder Hatanaka, Takeshi, c/o Takasago Works, Takasago-shi, Hyogo 676, JP;
Miyamoto, Toshiyuki, c/o Takasago Works, Takasago-shi, Hyogo 676, JP;
Ujihara, Toshio, c/o Takasago Works, Takasago-shi, Hyogo 676, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69411649
Vertragsstaaten DE, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 13.09.1994
EP-Aktenzeichen 941143919
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 29.03.1995
EP date of grant 15.07.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 20.08.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 47/32
IPC-Nebenklasse B29C 47/92   B29C 43/24   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder for extruding a polymeric material such as rubber to form a sheet.

2. Description of the Prior Art

This kind of extruder is provided with a roller die consisting of a pair of upper and lower rollers on the downstream side of an outlet of an extruder body. A material supplied from a batch type mixer into the extruder body is extruded by a screw provided in the extruder body, and is then allowed to pass between the pair of upper and lower rollers of the roller die, thus forming a sheet from the extruded material. In such an extruder, a bank quantity of the material accumulated in a bank portion defined between the outlet of the extruder body and the roller die must be properly controlled to uniform the shape (width, thickness, etc.) of the sheet to be discharged.

A control method for the bank quantity is described in Japanese Patent Publication No. 55-4575, for example. According to this method, the bank quantity is controlled by detecting a bank pressure and then controlling a screw speed or a roller die speed on the basis of the bank pressure detected. In this conventional method including detection of the bank pressure, however, the bank quantity is not proportional to the bank pressure because of a variation in hardness of rubber due to a difference in composition of the material. Accordingly, accurate control is difficult to perform.

An adjusting device for the bank quantity according to the preamble portion of claim 1 is described in Japanese Patent Laid-open No. 56-118841, for example. According to this device, the bank quantity is controlled by detecting a bank quantity and then controlling a screw speed or a roller die speed on the basis of the bank quantity detected. In this conventional device including detection of the bank quantity, however, there is a problem that a movable portion for detecting the bank quantity is clogged with rubber. Examples of such a bank quantity detecting device for detecting the bank quantity are described in Japanese Patent Laid-open Nos. 4-10918 and 5-104607. The former discloses a contact type of bank quantity detecting device, while the latter discloses a noncontact type of bank quantity detecting device.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide a bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder which can accurately control a bank quantity regardless of a difference in composition of a material to be extruded.

The object is solved with a bank quantity adjusting device having the features of claim 1.

According to the invention, even when the hardness of the material to be extruded changes to cause a change in the bank pressure, the bank quantity can be accurately controlled to a predetermined target value without being influenced by the change in the hardness of the material, because the bank quantity is controlled according to the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig. 1 is a block diagram of a bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a view illustrating a condition where a bank quantity increases to turn on bank quantity detecting means;
  • Fig. 3 is a view illustrating a condition where the bank quantity decreases after the condition of Fig. 2 to turn off the bank quantity detecting means;
  • Fig. 4 is a graph showing the correlation between a bank quantity and a bank pressure;
  • Fig. 5 is a flowchart showing the function of processing means in a control device;
  • Fig. 6 is a time chart showing the relation between screw revolutions, bank quantity, and roller revolutions;
  • Fig. 7 is a sectional view of an essential part in a modification wherein two sensors as the bank quantity detecting means are provided;
  • Fig. 8 is a graph showing the modification of Fig. 7, wherein the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure is represented as a broken line;
  • Fig. 9 is a graph showing another modification wherein the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure is represented as a curved line;
  • Fig. 10 is a block diagram of a bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 11 is a graph showing the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure, wherein the correlation is preliminarily stored in storing means;
  • Fig. 12 is a graph illustrating that the correlation stored in the storing means is corrected; and
  • Fig. 13 is a sectional view showing another preferred embodiment relating to a pressure sensor.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a predetermined value of the bank quantity is detected by the bank quantity detecting means, and the bank pressure at the time of detection of the above predetermined value of the bank quantity is detected by the pressure sensor. The correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure is obtained from the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure. An optimum bank quantity (target quantity) for formation of a sheet material having a predetermined shape is a known value. Then, the target quantity is converted into a pressure value by using the correlation obtained above, and this pressure value is set as a target pressure. According to the difference between a pressure detected by the pressure sensor and the target pressure, one or both of the rotational speed of the screws and the rotational speed of the rollers is/are controlled to thereby maintain the bank quantity at the target value.

A change in hardness of the material to be extruded due to a difference in composition or the like of the material causes a change in the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure. Therefore, the target pressure set above must be changed in accordance with the change in the hardness of the material.

According to the present invention, the correlation is first obtained from the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure, and then the target pressure is set according to the correlation obtained above. Accordingly, the target value of the bank quantity can be accurately maintained regardless of the change in the hardness of the material.

When the bank quantity detecting means comprises a sensor for detecting a single level of the material as the bank quantity, the relation between the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure is represented as a single point. Accordingly, the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure is obtained as a proportional constant.

When the bank quantity detecting means comprises a plurality of sensors for detecting a plurality of levels of the material as the bank quantity, the relation between the detected bank quantities and the detected bank pressures is represented as a plurality of points plotted. Accordingly, the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure is obtained as a broken line or a curved line.

According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure of a material having given characteristics is preliminarily obtained and stored in the storing means. In actual operation, a predetermined value of the bank quantity is detected by the bank quantity detecting means, and the bank pressure at this time is detected by the pressure sensor. Then, the relation between the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure is obtained. Further, the correlation stored in the storing means is corrected so that the relation obtained above satisfies the correlation, and the target value of the bank quantity is converted into a pressure value by using the correlation corrected above. Then, this pressure value is set as the target pressure.

Finally, according to the difference between a pressure detected by the pressure sensor and the target pressure set above, one or both of the rotational speed of the screws and the rotational speed of the rollers is/are controlled to thereby maintain the bank quantity at the target value.

A preferred embodiment of the present invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the drawings.

Referring to Fig. 1, there is shown an extruder including an extruder body 1 and a roller die 2. The extruder body 1 includes a pair of right and left extruding screws 3, a chamber 4 in which the screws 3 are rotatably supported, and a motor 5 for rotationally driving the screws 3. The chamber 4 includes a hopper 6 for charging a material to the upper surface and an outlet 7 for discharging the material from the front end. The pair of screws 3 are cooperatively connected together through a gear reducer 8 at the rear ends, and are exposed at the front ends to the outlet 7 of the chamber 6. The roller die 2 includes a pair of upper and lower rollers 9 located before the outlet 7 of the chamber 4. The pair of rollers 9 are cooperatively connected together through a gear reducer 10 so as to be rotated in reverse directions, and are rotationally driven by a calender roll drive motor 11.

A bank portion 12 for accumulating a material to be extruded is defined between the outlet 7 of the chamber 4 and the rollers 9. The bank portion 12 is provided with a pair of pressure sensors 13 for detecting a bank pressure (pressure of the material accumulated in the bank portion 12) and bank quantity detecting means 14 for detecting a bank quantity (quantity of the material accumulated in the bank portion 12).

Each pressure sensor 13 is constructed of a load cell, a resin pressure gage, etc. The pair of pressure sensors 13 are located in the bank portion 12 at right and left positions thereof between the two rollers 9.

As also shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the bank quantity detecting means 14 is constructed as a level sensor employing a phototube or the like, and is located at such a position as to sense when the level of the material accumulated in the bank portion 12 reaches a predetermined level. In this preferred embodiment, the bank quantity detecting means 14 is designed to detect a single level.

As shown in Fig. 1, the screw drive motor 5, the calender roll drive motor 11, the pressure sensors 13, and the bank quantity detecting means 14 are connected to a control device 15.

The control device 15 includes processing means 16 connected to the pressure sensors 13 and the bank quantity detecting means 14, a screw drive motor control panel 17 and a calender drive motor control panel 18 both adapted to be operated by commands from the processing means 16.

The processing means 16 functions to feed back the difference between a pressure detected by the pressure sensors 13 and a set target pressure to the screw drive motor control panel 17 or the calender drive motor control panel 18, control a screw speed or a roller die speed, and maintain a bank quantity of the material accumulated in the bank portion 12 at a target quantity.

In particular, when the bank quantity detecting means 14 detects a predetermined bank quantity and the pressure sensors 13 detect a bank pressure at this time, the processing means 16 obtains the correlation between a bank quantity and a bank pressure from the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure.

In this preferred embodiment, the bank quantity detecting means 14 detects a single level as mentioned above. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 4, the relation between the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure is obtained as a single point. That is, the correlation is obtained as a straight line, i.e., as a constant of proportion between a bank quantity and a bank pressure. As shown in Fig. 4, the processing means 16 functions to convert a target value of the bank quantity into a pressure value by using the proportional constant obtained above and set this pressure value to the target pressure mentioned above.

Fig. 5 shows a flowchart of processing to be performed by the processing means 16, and Fig. 6 shows a change in bank quantity with time elapsed.

Referring to Fig. 5, when the screw drive motor 5 is started to rotate the screws 3 at a constant speed, the material charged from the hopper 6 is extruded by the screws 3 from the outlet 7 into the bank portion 12 (step 1).

The material fed into the bank portion 12 gradually increases in quantity. When the level of the material reaches a predetermined detection level of the bank quantity detecting means 14, the detecting means 14 is turned on to detect the level of the material (step 2).

At this time, the calender drive motor 11 for the roller die 2 is automatically started to rotate the rollers 9 at a line speed (constant speed) (step 3).

The quantity of the material to be discharged from the outlet 7 corresponding to the initially set constant speed of the screws 3 is set greater than the quantity of the material to be extruded from the bank portion 12 corresponding to the line speed of the rollers 9. Therefore, the material fed into the bank portion 12 continues to increase over the predetermined detection level of the bank quantity detecting means 14. When the level of the material in the bank portion 12 continues to be greater than the detection level of the bank quantity detecting means 14 for a predetermined time period (about 4 to 10 seconds) (steps 4 and 5), the screws 3 are once stopped (step 6).

When the screws 3 are thus stopped, the bank quantity gradually decreases and the level of the material in the bank portion 12 reaches the predetermined detection level of the bank quantity detecting means 14 as shown in Fig. 3. At this time, the bank quantity detecting means 14 is turned off (step 7).

At the same time the bank quantity detecting means 14 is turned off, the bank pressure is detected by the pressure sensors 13, and the constant of proportion between the bank quantity and the bank pressure is decided as shown in Fig. 4 (step 8).

Then, the target value (which is preliminarily set) of the bank quantity in the bank portion 12 is converted into a pressure value by proportional calculation with use of the above-obtained proportional constant as shown in Fig. 4. This pressure value is then set as the target pressure, and the difference between the target pressure and an actual measured value of the bank pressure is fed back to control the screw speed (steps 9 and 10).

In the above operation, the quantity to pressure conversion is carried out after the level of the material in the bank portion 12 exceeds the detection level of the bank quantity detecting means 14 and is then decreased to reach the detection level. Alternatively, the quantity to pressure conversion may be carried out when the level of the material exceeds the detection level (i.e., at the time of step 2).

However, at the time the level of the material exceeds the detection level, the upper surface of the material present in the bank portion 12 is greatly uneven and not smooth as shown in Fig. 2. Accordingly, in terms of improvement in control accuracy, it is more preferable to carry out the quantity to pressure conversion after applying a downward force to a projecting portion of the uneven upper surface of the material to smoothen the upper surface and decrease the bank quantity by rotation of the rollers 9 as shown in Fig. 3.

Figs. 7 and 8 show a modification of the above preferred embodiment, wherein two sensors as the bank quantity detecting means 14 are located at a lower position and an upper position in the bank portion 12.

In this case, at the time the bank quantity is detected by each bank quantity detecting means 14, the bank pressure is detected by the pressure sensors 13. Accordingly, the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure can be obtained as a broken line as shown in Fig. 8.

As another modification, a plurality of levels more than the two levels may be detected by the bank quantity detecting means 14. In this case, the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure can be obtained as a curve f(x) as shown in Fig. 9.

In each case of Figs. 8 and 9, the correlation is obtained as an expression of conversion from a bank quantity to a bank pressure by the processing means 16. With use of the conversion expression, the processing means 16 converts the target value of the bank quantity in the bank portion 12 into a pressure value and sets this pressure value as the target pressure mentioned above. Then, the difference between the target pressure and an actual measured value of the bank pressure is fed back to control the screw speed.

Fig. 10 shows another preferred embodiment of the present invention, in which the control device 15 further includes storing means 19. In each previous embodiment, the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure is obtained at the time of actual operation, whereas in this preferred embodiment the correlation between the bank-quantity and the bank pressure is preliminarily obtained and stored in the storing means 19.

That is, a preliminary test is performed by using a rubber material having given characteristics to obtain the correlation between the bank quantity and the bank pressure as shown in Fig. 11 and store it in the storing means 19.

The processing means 16 in the control device 15 shown in Fig. 10 has the following function.

When a predetermined bank quantity is detected by the bank quantity detecting means 14 in actual operation, a bank pressure is detected by the pressure sensors 13 to obtain the relation between the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure. Then, as shown in Fig. 12, the correlation stored in the storing means 19 is corrected so that the relation obtained in the actual operation satisfies the stored correlation. Then, with use of the corrected correlation, the target value of the bank quantity is converted into a pressure value, and this pressure value is set as the target pressure.

The correction of the correlation means to keep the form of a curved line representing the correlation and expand or contract the graph so that the curved line passes the intersection between the detected bank quantity and the detected bank pressure. That is, even when the hardness of the rubber changes, the distribution of the rubber in the bank portion 12 is substantially uniform, so that the same relational expression can be applied.

It is to be noted that the present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments. For example, although the pressure sensors 13 for detecting the bank pressure are provided in the bank portion 12 in the above preferred embodiments, they may be constructed as a load cell provided outside the bank portion 12 so as to detect a load applied to the rollers 9 of the roller die 2, thus indirectly detecting the bank pressure as shown in Fig. 13. Further, pressure in the chamber 4 containing the extruding screws 3 may be detected to thereby indirectly detect the bank pressure. Thus, the kind and the location of the pressure sensor according to the present invention are not limited provided that it can detect the bank pressure.

Although the bank quantity detecting means 14 is constructed as a level sensor for detecting a certain level, which sensor consists of a light emitting element and a light receiving element in the above preferred embodiments, the bank quantity detecting means according to the present invention may be constructed as a sensor capable of continuously detecting the level or a contact type potentiometer as described in Japanese Patent Publication No. 57-26936.

Although the bank quantity detecting means 14 in the above preferred embodiments detects the level of the material in the bank portion as the bank quantity, the bank quantity detecting means according to the present invention may detect the volume, weight, etc. of the material as the bank quantity.

Thus, the bank quantity used in the present invention includes not only the level of the material but also the volume, weight, etc. of the material or a dimensionless index etc.

Further, although the control device 15 controls the rotational speed of the screws 3 in the above preferred embodiments, the control device according to the present invention may control the rotational speed of the rollers 9 or control both the speed of the screws 3 and the speed of the rollers 9.

This invention may be embodied in other various manners. It is therefore to be appreciated that the preferred embodiments mentioned above are merely illustrative in all aspects and are not construed to be restrictive. The scope of this invention is defined by the appended claims, and various modifications and changes belonging to the equivalence to the claims are intended to be all embraced by the claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse, mit
    • einer Kammer (4) mit einem Auslaß (7),
    • einer Mehrzahl von Schnecken (3), die in der Kammer (4) vorgesehen sind, um ein Material aus dem Auslaß (7) der Kammer (4) zu extrudieren,
    • einer Walzendüse (2) mit einem Paar von oberen und unteren Walzen (9), die vor dem Auslaß (7) der Kammer (4) vorgesehen ist, um das durch die Schnecken (3) extrudierte Material zu Platten zu ziehen,
    • einem Wulstabschnitt (12), der zwischen dem Auslaß (7) der Kammer (4) und der Walzendüse (2) begrenzt ist, um das aus dem Auslaß (7) der Kammer (4) extrudierte Material zu sammeln,
    • einer Wulstmengen-Erfassungseinrichtung (14) zum Erfassen einer Wulstmenge des Materials in dem Wulstabschnitt (12),

      gekennzeichnet durch
    • eine Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) zum Erfassen eines Wulstdrucks des Materials in dem Wulstabschnitt (12),
    • einer Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) zum Umwandeln eines Vorgabewerts für die Wulstmenge in einen Druckwert, indem mindestens ein Erfassungswert für die Wulstmenge, der durch die Wulstmengen-Erfassungseinrichtung (14) erfaßt ist, und mindestens ein entsprechender Erfassungswert für den Wulstdruck, der durch die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) bei der Erfassung des Erfassungswerts für die Wulstmenge erfaßt ist, mittels einer Korrelation zwischen der Wulstmenge und dem Wulstdruck durch die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) umgewandelt wird, und
    • einer Steuereinrichtung zur Steuerung einer oder beider einer Drehgeschwindigkeit der Schnecken (3) und einer Drehgeschwindigkeit der Walzen (9) entsprechend dem durch die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) erhaltenen Druckwert.
  2. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) eine die Korrelation repräsentierende Proportionalkonstante zwischen der Wulstmenge und dem Wulstdruck aus einem einzelnen Pegel des Materials in dem Wulstabschnitt (12), der durch die Wulstmengen-Erfassungseinrichtung (14) erfaßt wird, und einem einzelnen Erfassungswert des Wulstdrucks, der durch die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) bei der Erfassung des einzelnen Pegels erfaßt ist, erhält.
  3. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Umwandlungseinrichtung eine die Korrelation repräsentierende geknickte Linie aus einer Vielzahl von Pegeln des Materials in dem Wulstabschnitt (12) und einer Vielzahl von Erfassungswerten für den Wulstdruck, der durch die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) bei der Erfassung der Mehrzahl von Pegeln erfaßt ist, erhält.
  4. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) eine die Korrelation repräsentierende gekrümmte Linie aus einer Vielzahl von Pegeln des Materials in dem Wulstabschnitt (12) und einer Vielzahl von zugehörigen Erfassungswerten für den Wulstdruck, der durch die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) bei der Erfassung der Vielzahl von Pegeln erfaßt ist, erhält.
  5. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse nach Anspruch 1, ferner mit einer Speichereinrichtung (19) zum Speichern einer vorläufig erhaltenen Korrelation zwischen der Wulstmenge und dem Wulstdruck, wobei
    • die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) die in der Speichereinrichtung (19) gespeicherte Korrelation korrigiert, so daß eine Beziehung zwischen dem Erfassungswert für die Wulstmenge und dem Erfassungswert für den Wulstdruck die in der Speichereinrichtung (19) gespeicherte Korrelation erfüllt, und
    • den Vorgabewert für die Wulstmenge in den Druckwert unter Verwendung der korrigierten Korrelation umwandelt.
  6. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) eine die Korrelation repräsentierende gekrümmte Linie, die in der Speichereinrichtung (19) gespeichert ist, korrigiert, so daß eine Form der gekrümmten Linie unverändert erhalten ist, aber gestreckt oder kontrahiert wird, um es der gekrümmten Linie zu gestatten, einen Schnittpunkt zwischen dem Erfassungswert für die Wulstmenge und dem Erfassungswert für den Wulstdruck zu passieren.
  7. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) die Wulstmengen-Erfassungseinrichtung (14) und die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) steuert, so daß, wenn ein Pegel des Materials in dem Wulstabschnitt (12) über einen vorbestimmten Erfassungspegel der Wulstmengen-Erfassungseinrichtung (14) ansteigt und danach abfällt, um einen vorbestimmten Erfassungspegel zu erreichen, der Wulstdruck durch die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) erfaßt wird.
  8. Wulstmengen-Einstellungseinrichtung für eine Strangpresse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Umwandlungseinrichtung (16) die Wulstmengen-Erfassungseinrichtung (14) und die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) steuert, so daß, wenn ein Pegel des Materials in dem Wulstabschnitt (12) einen vorbestimmten Erfassungspegel der Wulstmengen-Erfassungseinrichtung (14) übersteigt, der Wulstdruck durch die Wulstdruck-Erfassungseinrichtung (13) erfaßt wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder, comprising
    • a chamber (4) having an outlet (7),
    • a plurality of screws (3) provided in said chamber (4) for extruding a material from said outlet (7) of said chamber (4),
    • a roller die (2) having a pair of upper and lower rollers (9) provided before said outlet (7) of said chamber (4) for sheeting said material extruded by said screws (3),
    • a bank portion (12) defined between said outlet (7) of said chamber (4) and said roller die (2) for accumulating said material extruded from said outlet (7) of said chamber (4),
    • bank quantity detecting means (14) for detecting a bank quantity of said material in said bank portion (12),

      characterized by
    • bank pressure detecting means (13) for detecting a bank pressure of said material in said bank portion (12),
    • converting means (16) for converting a target value of said bank quantity into a pressure value by using at least one detection value of said bank quantity detected by said bank quantity detection means (14) and at least one corresponding detection value of said bank pressure detected by said bank pressure detecting means (13) upon detection of said detection value of said bank quantity by means of a correlation between said bank quantity and said bank pressure obtained by said converting means (16), and
    • control means (15) for controlling one or both of a rotational speed of said screws (3) and a rotational speed of said rollers (9) according to said pressure value obtained by said converting means (16).
  2. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to claim 1, wherein said converting means (16) obtains a constant of proportion between said bank quantity and said bank pressure representing said correlation from a single level of said material in said bank portion (12) detected by said bank quantity detecting means (14) and a single detection value of said bank pressure detected by said bank pressure detecting means (13) upon detection of said single level.
  3. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to claim 1, wherein said converting means (16) obtains a broken line representing said correlation from a plurality of levels of said material in said bank portion (12) and a plurality of detection values of said bank pressure detected by said bank pressure detecting means (13) upon detection of said plurality of levels.
  4. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to claim 1, wherein said converting means (16) obtains a curved line representing said correlation from a plurality of levels of said material in said bank portion (12) and a plurality of corresponding detection values of said bank pressure detected by said bank pressure detecting means (13) upon detection of said plurality of levels.
  5. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to claim 1, further comprising storing means (19) for storing a preliminarily obtained correlation between said bank quantity and said bank pressure, wherein
    • said converting means (16) corrects said correlation stored in said storing means (19) so that a relation between said detection value of said bank quantity and said detection value of said bank pressure satisfies said correlation stored in said storing means (19), and
    • converts said target value of said bank quantity into said pressure value by using said corrected correlation.
  6. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to claim 5, wherein said converting means (16) corrects a curved line representing said correlation stored in said storing means (19) so that a form of said curved line is kept unchanged but is expanded or contracted so as to allow said curved line to pass an intersection between said detection value of said bank quantity and said detection value of said bank pressure.
  7. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to claim 1, wherein said converting means (16) controls said bank quantity detecting means (14) and said bank pressure detecting means (13) so that when a level of said material in said bank portion (12) increases over a predetermined detection level of said bank quantity detecting means (14) and thereafter decreases to reach said predetermined detection level, said bank pressure is detected by said bank pressure detecting means (13).
  8. A bank quantity adjusting device for an extruder according to claim 1, wherein said converting means (16) controls said bank quantity detecting means (14) and said bank pressure detecting means (13) so that when a level of said material in said bank portion (12) exceeds a predetermined detection level of said bank quantity detection means (14), said bank pressure is detected by said bank pressure detecting means (13).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse, comprenant
    • une chambre (4) ayant une sortie (7),
    • Une pluralité de vis (3) prévues dans ladite chambre (4), afin d'extruder un matériau depuis ladite sortie (7) de ladite chambre (4),
    • une filière à rouleaux (2) ayant une paire de rouleaux supérieurs et inférieurs (9) prévus devant ladite sortie (7) de ladite chambre (4), afin de mettre en feuille ledit matériau extrudé par lesdites vis (3),
    • une partie d'accumulation (4), définie entre ladite sortie (7) de ladite chambre (4) et ladite filière à rouleaux (2), afin d'accumuler ledit matériau à extruder depuis ladite sortie (7) de ladite chambre (4),
    • des moyens de détection de quantité d'accumulation (14) destinés à détecter la quantité d'accumulation dudit matériau dans ladite partie d'accumulation (12), caractérisé par des moyens de détection de pression d'accumulation (14), conçus pour détecter une pression d'accumulation dudit matériau dans ladite partie d'accumulation (12),
    • des moyens de conversion (16) conçus pour convertir une valeur de consigne de ladite quantité d'accumulation en une valeur de pression par utilisation d'au moins une valeur de détection de ladite quantité d'accumulation détectée par lesdits moyens de détection de quantité d'accumulation (14), et au moins une valeur de détection correspondante de ladite pression d'accumulation, détectée par lesdits moyens de détection de pression d'accumulation (13) lors de la détection de ladite valeur de détection de ladite quantité d'accumulation, au moyen d'une corrélation établie entre ladite quantité d'accumulation et ladite pression d'accumulation obtenue par lesdits moyens de conversion (16), et
    • des moyens de commande (15) conçus pour commander une ou les deux vitesses de rotation desdites vis (16) et une vitesse de rotation desdits rouleaux (9) en fonction de ladite valeur de pression obtenue par lesdits moyens de conversion (16).
  2. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de conversion (16) obtiennent une constante de proportion entre ladite quantité d'accumulation et ladite pression d'accumulation représentant ladite corrélation à partir d'un niveau unique dudit matériau dans ladite partie d'accumulation (12), détecté par lesdits moyens de détection de quantité d'accumulation (14) et une valeur de détection unique de ladite pression d'accumulation, détectée par lesdits moyens de détection d'accumulation (13) lors de la détection dudit niveau unique.
  3. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de conversion (16) obtiennent une ligne brisée représentant ladite corrélation, à partir d'une pluralité de niveaux dudit matériau dans ladite partie d'accumulation (12) et d'une pluralité de valeur de détection de ladite pression d'accumulation détectée par lesdits moyens de détection de pression d'accumulation (13), lors de la détection de ladite pluralité de niveaux.
  4. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de conversion (16) obtiennent une ligne courbe représentant ladite corrélation à partir d'une pluralité de niveaux dudit matériau dans ladite partie d'accumulation (12) et d'une pluralité de valeurs de détection correspondante de ladite pression d'accumulation détectée par lesdits moyens de pression d'accumulation (13) lors de la détection de ladite pluralité de niveaux.
  5. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre des moyens de stockage (19) destinés à stocker une corrélation obtenue antérieurement entre ladite quantité d'accumulation et ladite pression d'accumulation dans lequel,
    • lesdits moyens de conversion (16) assurent la correction de ladite corrélation stockée dans lesdits moyens de stockage (9), de manière qu'une relation, existant entre ladite valeur de détection de ladite quantité d'accumulation et ladite valeur de détection de ladite pression d'accumulation, satisfasse ladite corrélation stockée dans lesdits moyens de stockage (19), et
    • convertissent ladite valeur de consigne de ladite quantité d'accumulation en ladite valeur de pression, par utilisation de ladite corrélation corrigée.
  6. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse selon la revendication 5, dans lequel lesdits moyens de conversion (16) corrigent une ligne courbe représentant ladite corrélation stockée dans lesdits moyens de stockage (19), de manière que la forme de ladite ligne courbe soit maintenue inchangée, mais dilatée ou contractée, de manière à permettre à ladite ligne courbe de passer par une intersection entre ladite valeur de détection de ladite quantité d'accumulation, ladite valeur de détection de ladite pression d'accumulation.
  7. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de conversion (16) commandent lesdits moyens de détection de quantité d'accumulation (14) et lesdits moyens de détection de pression d'accumulation (13), de manière que lorsqu'un niveau dudit matériau dans ladite partie d'accumulation (12) augmente au-dessus d'un niveau de détection prédéterminé dudit moyen de détection de quantité d'accumulation (14) puis diminue pour atteindre ledit niveau de détection prédéterminé, ladite pression d'accumulation soit détectée par lesdits moyens de détection de pression d'accumulation.
  8. Dispositif d'ajustement de la quantité d'accumulation pour une extrudeuse selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de conversion (16) commandent lesdits moyens de détection de quantité d'accumulation (14), et lesdits moyens de détection de pression d'accumulation (13), de manière que, lorsqu'un niveau dudit matériau dans ladite partie d'accumulation (12) dépasse un niveau de détection prédéterminé desdits moyens de détection prédéterminé desdits moyens de détection de quantité d'accumulation (14), ladite pression d'accumulation soit détectée par lesdits moyens de détection de pression d'accumulation (13).






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