PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0594169 17.09.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0594169
Titel Flachstrickmaschine mit Übertragevorrichtung
Anmelder Shima Seiki Mfg. Ltd., Wakayama, JP
Erfinder Hirai, Ikuhito, Wakayama-shi, Wakayama-ken, JP;
Shibuta, Takekazu, Wakayama-shi, Wakayama-ken, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69320295
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, LI
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 21.10.1993
EP-Aktenzeichen 931170740
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.04.1994
EP date of grant 12.08.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 17.09.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse D04B 7/20

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to an improvement of a flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism.

2. Description of the Related Art

In a usual flat knitting machine, a pair of needle beds which contain movable knitting needles are arranged to form an inversed V-shaped form in a side view. In knitting a rib knit fabric by using front and rear knitting needles of this flat knitting machine, it is impossible to decrease stitches at an intermediate portion in a row of stitches.

To solve this problem, Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 41-7907 discloses a flat knitting machine, wherein a pair of needle beds which contain movable knitting needles are arranged to form an inverted V-shaped form in a side view, each transferring jack bed which contains movable jacks in jack grooves is provided above each needle bed, a stitch to be transferred is transferred from the knitting needle to the transferring jack, and the stitch engaged with the transferring jack is transferred to another knitting needle after the transferring jack engaged with the stitch is moved in a transverse direction.

Further, Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 1-168943 discloses a flat knitting machine, wherein a transferring jack bed is supported above a needle bed by supporting members, transferring jacks at the front ends of which stitch engaging portions are formed that are movably arranged in the transferring bed, the transferring jacks are moved forward and backward by a transferring cam accompanied with a carriage, the transferring jack bed is moved in a transverse direction by a driving means provided at one side of the transferring jack bed, a stitch engaged with the stitch engaging portion is moved transverse direction, and then the stitch is transferred to another knitting needle.

Furthermore, Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 1-57173 of the present applicant discloses a flat knitting machine, wherein what is called "four beds" is formed by arranging a pair of upper and lower front and rear needle beds, a stitch is transferred by moving knitting needles in each of the needle beds, and the stitch can be transferred in a transverse direction by moving each of the needle beds transversely.

Furthermore, Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 56-21854 of the present applicant and Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 63-256752 disclose a flat knitting machine, wherein a transferring bed which contains movable jacks in jack grooves is provided above a needle bed, a stitch to be transferred is transferred from the knitting needle to the transferring jack, and the stitch engaged with the transferring jack is transferred to another knitting needle after the transferring jack engaged with the stitch is moved in a transverse direction.

In the flat knitting machines having a transferring mechanism disclosed in Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 63-256752, Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 56-21854, and Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 1-168943, however, when the transferring jack or knitting needle which receives the stitch to be transferred is moved transversely, since the transferring jack or the knitting needle is kept in a protruding position and is moved transversely, it interferes with a projected portion like a sinker formed at the top portion of the needle bed. Therefore, to avoid the interference, the interfering tip portion of the transferring jack or knitting needle which receives the stitch must be raised by a raising device. When the raising device is provided, however, a problem arises in that the construction of the transferring mechanism becomes complicated as well as the size of the transferring mechanism becomes large.

Further, in the flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism disclosed in Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 1-57173, since the front and rear needle beds which are arranged on top have a knitting function like forming a loop, hooking a loop, disengaging a loop a transfer and the like and are the same size as the needle beds which are arranged below, a problem arises in that the construction of the flat knitting machine becomes complicated as well as the size of the flat knitting machine becomes large compared to other flat knitting machines disclosed in other Patent Publications.

Furthermore, in the flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism disclosed in Japanese Examined Patent Publication No. 41-7907, only related actions between the knitting needles and the transferring jacks are disclosed. Accordingly, when the knitting needles and the transferring jacks are moved forward or backward by a usual carriage or a transferring cam accompanied by the carriage, since the knitting needle and the transferring jacks are always moved forward or backward by the carriage or the transferring cam, the jack butts of the transferring jacks which are moved or are being moved by the carriage or the transferring cam become obstacles when the carriage or the transferring cam is moved in an opposite direction at any position on the needle bed. Therefore, in this flat knitting machine, since the carriage or the transferring cam can not be moved in a reverse direction at any position on the needle bed, the carriage should be moved reciprocally over the entire width of the needle bed. As a result, a problem arises in that the number of the knitting courses per unit time is reduced and thus productivity becomes considerably low. Especially, this problem emerges obviously when cloth with narrow width is knitted by a wide flat knitting machine by which cloth having large wale number can be knitted.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to provide a flat knitting machine capable of reducing the size of the flat knitting machine by reducing the size of the transferring mechanism and arranging the transferring mechanism at a dead space, increasing the number of knitting courses per unit time by making possible that the carriage and the transferring cam is moved adversely at any position on the needle bed, and thus increasing the productivity of the flat knitting machine remarkably.

According to the present invention, a flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism, comprises: a pair of needle beds being arranged facing each other to form an inversed V-shaped form in a side view, an aperture being formed between adjoining end portions of the needle beds; knitting needles arranged in needle grooves formed on the needle beds; a yarn feeder arranged above the aperture between the needle beds; each carriage being reciprocally movable on each of the needle beds, and having cam surface on a lower surface of the carriage for moving the knitting needles forward and backward; each transferring jack bed supported by a supporting member above the each of the needle beds, and the needle bed and the transferring jack bed being relatively movable; and a transferring jack; characterized in that the transferring jack has a transfer jack selection member and arranged swingably and movably forward and backward in a jack groove formed on the each transferring bed; and a transfer jack selection means acting the transfer jack selection member and arranged at an edge portion of the carriage, which is adjoining to the aperture.

In this flat knitting machine, the carriage moves reciprocally on the needle bed, the knitting needles are moved forward of backward in the needle grooves since the cam surface acts each butt of the predetermined knitting needles, and knitted goods with a predetermined width are knitted by feeding yarn from the yarn feeder.

When stitches are reduced inward to reduce the width of the knitted goods, the stitch to be moved inward is transferred from the knitting needle to the transferring jack. In this case, the knitting needle which retains the stitch is pushed forward toward the transferring position by the carriage, the transfer jack selection member of the transferring jack which should receive the stitch is selected by the transfer jack selection means, the transferring jack which was selected is moved forward and backward, and the stitch to be moved inward is transferred from the knitting needle to the transferring jack.

Then, after the needle bed and the transferring jack bed are relatively moved so that the transferring jack which retains stitch faces stitches retained by the knitting needles of the needle bed, the stitch is transferred from the transferring jack to the needle bed, and thus inner reduction is completed.

In the case where knitted goods with predetermined width are knitted or the stitch is reduced inward to reduce the width of the knitted goods, since the transfer jack selection member of the transferring jack which was selected by the transfer jack selection means is returned to the position prior to the needle selection when the carriage is moved to outside of the width of the knitted goods, the transfer jack selection member of the transferring jack does not prevent the carriage from moving when the carriage is moved in a reverse direction. Accordingly, the carriage can be moved in a reverse direction at any point whether the carriage is within the width of the knitted goods or outside the width thereof.

Further, in the flat knitting machine of the present invention, the transfer jack selection member may be formed by forming selection butt at a tail portion of the transferring jack, and the transfer jack selection means may comprise an actuator which directly operates the selection butt. In this flat knitting machine, the transferring jack can be selected individually.

Furthermore, in the flat knitting machine of the present invention, the transferring jacks may comprise more than two kinds which have different transfer jack selection members with different phases, transferring jack groups may be formed from a plurality of transferring jacks of same kind, and the transferring jack groups of different kinds may be arranged alternatively every predetermined width. In this flat knitting machine, the speed of the carriage can be increased.

Furthermore, in this flat knitting machine of the present invention, the transfer jack selection member may comprise a jack butt which is protruded upward at a tail portion of the transferring jack and has different phases, and a return operation surface which is protruded downward, the transfer jack selection means may comprise actuators for acting the selection butt respectively with different phases and a return cam for returning the selection butt to a waiting position, and the actuators may be arranged in a row along a moving direction of the carriage at a surface of the carriage facing to the transfer jack selection member. Also, in this flat knitting machine of the present invention, the actuator may have two convex portions and a recess portion between the two convex portions faces to a return cam. In this flat knitting machine, the size of the transfer jack selection means can be reduced.

The present invention may be more fully understood from the description of preferred embodiments of the invention set forth below, together with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the drawings:

  • Fig. 1 is a schematic partly cross sectional elevational view of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a schematic partly cross sectional side view of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 3 is a schematic enlarged cross sectional side view of the principal part of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 4 is a side view of the portion involving the knitting needle and the transferring mechanism of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic elevational view of the group of cams of the carriage of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 6 is a side view of the transferring jack of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 7 is a bottom plan view of the transferring jack of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 8 is a side view of the transferring jack of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present;
  • Fig. 9 is an elevational view of the transferring cam of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 10 is a side view of the principal part illustrating the action of the transferring jack in Fig. 6 according to the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 11 is a side view of the principal part illustrating the action of the transferring jack in Fig. 8 according to the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 12 is a partly cross sectional elevational view of the cam plate and the return cam of the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 13 is an elevational view illustrating the groups of the cams of the carriage and the relationship between positions of the cam groove of the transferring cam and the knitting needle according to the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Figs. 14A through 14D are side views of the relationship between positions of the knitting needle and the transferring jack in each position in Fig. 13;
  • Fig. 15 is an elevational view illustrating the groups of the cams of the carriage and the relationship between positions of the cam groove of the transferring cam and the knitting needle according to the first embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Figs. 16A through 16D are side views of the relationship between positions of the knitting needle and the transferring jack in each position in Fig. 15;
  • Fig. 17 is a side view of the portion involving the knitting needle and the transferring mechanism of the second embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 18 is an elevational view of the transferring cam of the second embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention;
  • Fig. 19 is a side view of the principal part illustrating the action of the transferring jack according to the second embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention; and
  • Fig. 20 is a schematic elevational view illustrating the relationship between the needle selecting means and the selected member of the knitting needle according to the second embodiment of a flat knitting machine of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

First, a first embodiment of the present invention is described.

Figure 1 is a schematic elevational view of a first embodiment of a flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism, Figure 2 is a side view of Fig. 1, and Figure 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional side view of Fig. 2.

Referring to Fig. 1 through Fig. 3, reference numeral 1 designates the flat knitting machine. The knitting machine 1 comprises a flat front lower needle bed 4A and a flat rear lower needle bed 4B which are arranged facing each other to form an inversed V-shaped form in a side view, and each transferring mechanism 5 arranged above the each needle bed 4A, 4B respectively. In each of the needle beds 4A, 4B, a number of knitting needles 3A, 3B are arranged respectively so as to be movable in needle grooves 77 by carriages 2A, 2B. The rear needle bed 4B is movable toward transverse direction by a driving means which comprises a motor 6, a driving screw shaft 7, a slider 8, and the like (see Fig. 2).

The each transferring mechanism 5 arranged between carriges 2A and 2B is supported by each of the flat transferring jack beds 27A, 27B(see Fig. 3). Each of the transferring jack beds 27A, 27B is supported by each supporting member 26 which is provided at each of the needle beds 4A, 4B via each slide mechanism 70. The transferring jack beds 27A and 27B are connected to each other at the end portions thereof by a movement control bracket 71, and the movement control bracket 71 is driven by a driving means 69 which comprises a motor 66, driving screw shaft 67, slider 68, and the like (see Fig. 1 and Fig. 2).

By the needle beds 4A, 4B and the transferring mechanism 5, a stitch engaged with the knitting needle 3A on the front needle bed 4A can be transferred to the knitting needle 3B on the rear needle bed 4B or to a transferring jack 29A or 29B (referred to hereinafter) on the transferring jack bed 27A or 27B of the transferring mechanism 5, and also a stitch engaged with the knitting needle 3B on the rear needle bed 4B can be transferred to the knitting needle 3A on the front needle bed 4A or to the transferring jack 29A or 29B on the transferring jack bed 27A or 27B of the transferring mechanism 5.

Referring to Figure 4, knitting needle 3A or 3B arranged in the needle groove 77 of the needle bed 4A or 4B comprises a knitting needle body 11 at the end of which a hook 10 is formed, a jack 12 which is connected to the rear end portion of the knitting needle body 11, a selecting jack 13 arranged at the rear portion of the jack 12, and a selector 14 arranged on the selecting jack 13. Butts 15A and 15B are projected upwardly from the jack 12, butt 16 is projected upwardly from the selecting jack 13, and butts 17 are projected upwardly from the selector 14. When butts 15A, 15B, 16, and 17 move along a cam surface 76 of the carriges 2A, 2B, the jack 12, the selecting jack 13, and the selector 14 move in the needle groove 77.

An expanding member 18 for expanding a loop retained by the knitting needle 3A or 3B is arranged at a one side of the knitting needle body 11. The expanding member 18 is formed by bending sheet metal into a boat like shape in a plan view and the end of the expanding member 18 is fixed to the one side of the knitting needle body 11.

Referring to Figure 5, a group of cams of the carriges 2A and 2B over the needle beds 4A and 4B comprises two same cam units arranged side by side . The cam unit comprises a transferring raising cam 20 protruded and retracted by a solenoid or a motor (not shown), a substantially trapezoid transferring receiving cam 21 which is arranged under the transferring rasing cams 20 and can be protruded and retracted, needle raising cams 22 formed at the sides of the transferring receiving cams 21, and a convex portion 23 at the side of the needle raising cams 22. Under the group of cams, a needle selecting actuator 24 which acts butts 17 of the selector 14 of the knitting needles 3A and 3B is arranged, and between the needle selecting actuator 24 and the group of cams, a pressor mechanism 25 which acts the butt 16 of the selecting jack 13 of the knitting needles 3A and 3B so that the knitting needles 3A and 3B are located at the position for knitting tuck miss or transferring.

Referring to Fig. 3, in the transferring jack beds 27A and 27B, jack grooves 72 in which the transferring jacks 29A and 29B are arranged movably are formed. On the each transferring jack bed 27A or 27B, each transferring cam 31 and each transfer jack selection mechanism 30 for selecting the transferring jacks 29A and 29B are arranged.

Referring to Figure 6 through Figure 8, a hook shaped stitch engaging portion 32 is formed at the front end of the transferring jack 29A (29B), a transfer jack selection member 33 is formed at the rear end of the transferring jack 29A (29B), and a curved portion 79 is formed at the jack body 34 side of the stitch engaging portion 32.

Two strip members 36 made from spring steel are extended from the both side portions of the jack body 34 and the end portions of the strip members 36 are curved so that the tips of the strip member 36 are contacting each other. The end portions of the strip members 36 are formed into hook shape to form a stitch engaging portien 32. One of both strip members 36 is curved near the another end portion of the strip member 36 to form a spring portion 37.

The transfer jack selection member 33 comprises a plate 38 with a width H, and a return butt 41 which a return cam 42 (referred to hereinafter )acts. At the plate 38, a groove with a width h is formed to form a selection butt 40. The position of the selection butt 40 in Fig. 6 is different from the same in Fig. 8, that is, the selection butts 40 in Fig. 6 and in Fig. 8 have different phases. According to this difference, the position of the return butt 41 in Fig. 6 is also different from the same in Fig. 8. Transferring jack groups are formed from a plurality of transferring jacks 29A (29B) having same transfer jack selection members 33 and the transferring jack groups of different kinds are arranged alternatively every 25,4 mm (1 inch).

Referring to Fig. 3, the transferring cam 31 for acting the selection butt 40 of the transfer jack selection member 33, and the return cam 42 for acting the return butt 41 are arranged at the space between the carriage 2A (2B) on the needle bed 4A (4B) and a yarn guide arranged over an aperture between the needle beds 4A and 4B.

Referring to Fig. 3 and Fig. 9, the transferring cam 31 has a cam plate 44. A cam groove 43 with a width H is formed on the lower surface 44a of the cam plate 44 and the cam plate 44 protruded from the side portion of the carriage 2A (2B) so that the lower surface 44a of the cam plate 44 is slidable on the upper surface of the transferring jack bed 27A (27B). The return cam 42 for acting the return butt 41 is fixed to a bracket 155 which is fixed to the side portion of the carriage 2A (2B). At the center of the cam groove 43 of the cam plate 44, operation holes through which operating portion of an actuator 45 of a transfer jack selection means 30 for operating the selection butt 40 is provided.

Referring to Fig. 3, a transfer jack selection means 30 comprises a solenoid 49, a swinging lever 50, supporting axis 51, and a transfer jack selection cam plate. The solenoid 49 is fixed to a casing 48 which is fixed to the carriage 2A (2B). The solenoid 49 is connected to the one end of the swinging lever 50 and the other end thereof is fixed to the supporting axis 51. The transfer jack selection cam plate 47 which passes through the operation hole 46 and operates as the operating portion of the actuator 45 is also fixed to the supporting axis 51. Two different transfer jack selection means 30 are arranged for every one of the transferring jack bed 27A or 27B for corresponding to the two kinds of the transferring jack 29A (29B) (see Figure 10 and Figure 11).

Referring to Figure 12, at the lower end portion of the cam plate 47, convex portions 74 are formed at the both ends of the lower end portion and a recess portion 75 is formed between the convex portions 74. The return cam 42 for acting the return butt 41 of the transferring jack 29A (29B) is arranged at the position facing to the recess portion 75.

Note, although the kinds of the selection butt 40 forming the transfer jack selection member 33 is two in this embodiment, they may be more than three.

The operation of the transferring mechanism 5 of the flat knitting machine will be explained as follows.

When the carriage 2A (2B) moves reciprocally on the needle bed 2A (2B), since each butt 15A, 15B, or 16 of the knitting needle 3A or 3B is operated by the cam surface 76 of the carriage 2A or 2B, the knitting needle 3A or 3B is moved reciprocally in the needle groove 77 and thus knitted goods are knitted by feeding yarn from a yarn feeder 61.

During, the usual knitting, the solenoid 49 of the transfer jack selection means 30 of the transferring mechanism 5 maintains the swinging lever 47 in a standing position and therefore the selection butt 40 which is in a waiting position is pushed downwardly not to be operated by the cam groove 43 of the cam plate 44 even though the carriage 2A (2B) moves. The needle selected butt 40 which is pushed downwardly in a unoperated position is returned to the waiting position again by the return cam 42.

Accordingly, when the carriage 2A (2B) passes the edge portion of the knitting goods, since the transfer jack selection means 30 of the transferring mechanism 5 exists outside of the transferring jacks 29A (29B) to be selected and the selection butts 40 of the transferring jacks 29A (29B) which were selected are returned to the waiting position, the selection butts 40 of the transferring jacks 29A (29B) do not prevent the carriage 2A (2B) from moving even though the carriage 2A (2B) is moved in the opposite direction.

The case in which stitch is reduced is explained as follows. For convenience, the case in which the stitch 52 engaged to the front knitting needle 3A is transferred to the adjoining front knitting needle 3A is explained referring to Figure 13 through Figure 16.

Fig. 13 designates the group of cams of the carriage 2A for moving the knitting needles 3A on the front needle bed 4A, and the cam groove 43 on the cam plate 44 for operating the transferring jacks 29B in the rear transferring jack bed 27B. When the carriage 2A is moved on the needle bed 4A from right to left, the butts 15A and 15B of the jack 12 of the knitting needle 3 and the butt 16 of the selecting jack 13 of the knitting needle 3 pass in the group of cams of the carriage 2 from left to right as shown symbols A, B, C, and D in Fig. 13. When the front knitting needle 3A reaches the position A in Fig. 13, the butt 15A of the jack 12 is gradually pushed upwardly by the transferring raising cam 20 and thus the front knitting needle 3A is raised gradually. Therefore, as shown in Fig: 14A, the stitch 52 opens the latch 55 and the stitch 52 is also opened by a opening member 18.

When the front knitting needle 3A reaches the position B in Fig. 13, as shown in Fig. 14B, the front knitting needle 3A reaches a maximum protrudent position and the transferring jack 29B is pushed outwardly since the selection butt 40 of the transferring jack 29B is operated by the cam groove 43 of the cam plate 44. The stitch engaging portion 32 of the transferring jack 29B is introduced into the stitch 52 which is opened by the opening member 18, and receives the stitch 52.

When the front knitting needle 3A reaches the position C in Fig. 13, as shown in Fig. 14C, the front knitting needle 3A is retracted gradually since the butt 15A of the jack 12 is gradually pushed downwardly, and the selection butt 40 of the transferring jack 29B is pushed outwardly by the cam groove 43 of the cam plate 44 so that the stitch 52 does not interfere with the latch 55 when the front knitting needle 3A retracts.

When the front knitting needle 3A reaches the position D in Fig. 13, the butt 15B of the jack 12 passes the convex cam 23. As shown in Fig. 14D, the stitch 52 engaged with the front knitting needle 3A is transferred to the stitch engaging portion 32 of the transferring jack 29B.

When the group of cams of the carriage 2A passes the portion where the knitted goods is knitted, the transferring jack 29B keeps the stitch 52 at the stitch engaging portion 32.

Subsequently, the transferring jack bed 27B is moved transversely by predetermined pitches (for example one pitch) by the motor via the driving screw shaft 67, the slider 68, and the move control bracket 71. At this time, since the curved portion 79 which is formed at the jack body 34 side of the stitch engaging portion 32 is positioned above the protruded member like the sinker arranged at the aperture between the needle beds 4A and 4B, the transferring jack bed 27B can be moved transverse direction without interfering with the sinker or the knitting needles 3A and 3B.

Subsequently, when the carriage 2A (2B) is moved in the other direction along the needle bed 4A (4B), the butts 15A and 15B of the jack 12 of the knitting needle 3 and the butt 16 of the selecting jack 13 of the knitting needle 3 pass in the group of cams of the carriage 2 from right to left as shown by symbols E, F, G, and H in Fig. 15.

When the front knitting needle 3A which receives the stitch 52 reaches from the position E to the position F in Fig. 15, as shown in Fig. 16A and Fig. 16B, the butt 15B of the jack 21 is operated by the transferring raising cam 20, the front knitting needle 3A is pushed outwardly, the hook 10 of the front knitting needle 3A is introduced into the transfer jack selection member 33, and the stitch 52 is engaged with the hook 10.

When the front knitting needle 3A reaches the position G in Fig. 15, the front knitting needle 3A is gradually retracted by the transferring raising cam 20, and the transferring jack 29B begins to retract since the selection butt 40 of the transferring jack 29B is operated by the cam groove 43 of the cam plate 44. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 16C, the stitch 52 engaged with the stitch engaging portion 32 is transferred to the hook 10 of the front knitting needle 3A.

Subsequently,when the front knitting needle reaches the position H in Fig. 15, as shown in Fig. 16D, the transferring jack 29B is retracted further since the selection butt 40 of the transferring jack 29B is pushed inwardly by the cam groove 43 of the cam plate 44, the front knitting needle 3A receiving the stitch 52 is also retracted. As a result, the transfer of the stitch is completed.

A second embodiment of the present invention is now described with reference to Figure 17 through Figure 20. The constitution and the operation of this embodiment is similar to the one of the first embodiment except for the transfer jack selection means 30 and the selection butt 40.

Referring to Fig. 17 through Fig. 20, in the transfer jack selection means 30 of this embodiment, the return cam 42 is arranged at the center of the cam groove 43 of the cam plate 44 which forms the transferring cam 31, and the solenoid actuators 78 which directly operate the transfer jack selection member 33 of the transferring jack 29A, 29B are arranged at the both side of the return cam 42.

According to this embodiment, the constitution can be simplified comparing to the first embodiment in which the convex portions 74 are formed at the both ends of the lower end portion of the transfer jack selection cam plate 47 of the transfer jack selection means 30, a recess portion 75 is formed between the convex portions 74, and a plurality of the transferring jack 29A, 29B are operated by swinging the transfer jack selection cam plate 47 by the solenoid 49.

Furthermore, since the needle selecting means 30 can be constituted by arranging the return cam 42 adjacent to the solenoids 78 which are arranged at both side of the return cam 42, when the transfer jack selection means 30 is arranged at the middle of a plurality of the groups of cams provided at the carriage 2A, 2B, the carriage 2A, 2B can be miniaturized and also the width which the carriage 2A,2B moves reciprocally can be shortened because the distance among the groups of cams can be shortened.

Note, in the embodiments, though only the rear needle bed is movable transversely, the front needle bed may be movable in a transverse direction or both the rear and the front needle beds may be movable transversely. Also, only the transferring jack bed may be movable and only either the rear or the front transferring jack bed may be provided.

Furthermore, the relationship of the positions among the selection butts, actuator for operating these selection butts, the return cam, and the return butt may be upside down, and the number of the selection butts, the actuators for operating the selection butts, and the return cams can be determined freely.

Although the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments chosen for purpose of illustration, it should be apparent that numerous modification can be made without departing from the basic concept and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Flachstrickmaschine mit Umsetzmechanik, welche folgendes aufweist:
    • ein Paar Nadelbetten (4A, 4B), die unter Bildung einer umgekehrten V-Form in Seitenansicht einander gegenüber angeordnet sind, wobei zwischen aneinander anschließenden Endbereichen der Nadelbetten eine Öffnung gebildet ist;
    • Stricknadeln (3A, 3B), die in Nadelvertiefungen (77) angeordnet sind, die auf den Nadelbetten eingeformt sind;
    • einen oberhalb der Öffnung zwischen den Nadelbetten angeordneten Garnzuführer (61),
    • wobei jeder Schlitten (2A, 2B) auf jedem der Nadelbetten (4A, 4B) hin- und herbeweglich ist und auf einer unteren Seite (76) des Schlittens eine Nockenfläche zum Bewegen der Stricknadeln nach vorn und nach hinten vorgesehen ist;
    • wobei sich jedes Umsetzwippenbett (27A, 27B) auf einem Stützteil (26) oberhalb jedes der Nadelbetten abstützt und wobei das Nadelbett und das Umsetzwippenbett zur Übergabe relativ zueinander bewegbar sind;
    gekennzeichnet durch
    • eine Umsetzwippe (29A, 29B) mit einem Umsetzwippenauswählteil (33), das verschwenkbar und nach vorn und hinten beweglich in einer Wippenvertiefung (72) angeordnet ist, die auf jedem Umsetzbett ausgebildet ist;
    • eine Umsetzwippenauswähleinrichtung (30), die das Umsetzwippenauswählteil betätigt und an einem Kantenbereich (48, 55) des Schlittens (2A, 2B) angeordnet ist, der sich an die Öffnung anschließt, wobei die Umsetzwippenauswähleinrichtung (30) Betätigungselemente (45, 78) zur jeweiligen Betätigung der Umsetzwippenauswählteile (33) aufweist, und
    • Betätigungselemente (45, 78), die in einer Reihe entlang der Bewegungsrichtung des Schlittens (2A, 2B) an einer Fläche (48) des Schlittens angeordnet sind, die den Umsetzwippenauswählteilen (33) zugewandt ist.
  2. Flachstrickmaschine mit Umsetzmechanik nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher das Umsetzwippenauswählteil (33) durch Ausformen eines Auswahlfußes (40) an einem hinteren Ende der Umsetzwippe (29A, 29B) gebildet ist, und die Umsetzwippenauswähleinrichtung ein Betätigungselement (45) umfaßt, welches den Auswahlfuß direkt betätigt.
  3. Flachstrickmaschine mit Umsetzmechanik nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher die Umsetzwippen (29A, 29B) mehr als zwei Arten umfaßt, die unterschiedliche Umsetzwippenauswählteile (33) mit verschiedenen Phasen umfassen, wobei aus einer Vielzahl von Umsetzwippen (29A, 29B derselben Art Gruppen von Umsetzwippen gebildet werden und die Gruppen von Umsetzwippen verschiedener Art abwechselnd über eine vorgegebene Breite angeordnet sind.
  4. Flachstrickmaschine mit Umsetzmechanik nach Anspruch 3, bei welcher das Umsetzwippenauswahlteil (33) einen Auswahlfuß (40) aufweist, der an einem hinteren Endbereich der Umsetzwippe (29A, 29B nach oben vorsteht und unterschiedliche Phasen aufweist, sowie eine nach unten vorstehende Rückschaltfläche (74), und bei welcher die Umsetzwippenauswähleinrichtung (33) Betätigungselemente (45) zur jeweiligen Betätigung des Auswahlfußes mit verschiedenen Phasen sowie eine Rückschaltnockenfläche (42) zur Rückführung des Auswahlfußes in Warteposition aufweist.
  5. Flachstrickmaschine mit Umsetzmechanik nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, bei welcher das Betätigungselement zwei konvexe Bereiche (74) aufweist, und bei welcher ein vertiefter Abschnitt (75) zwischen den beiden konvexen Bereichen einer Rückschaltnockenfläche (42) zugewandt ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism, said device comprising:
    • a pair of needle beds (4A, 4B) being arranged facing each other to form an inversed V-shaped form in a side view, an aperture being formed between adjoining end portions of the needle beds;
    • knitting needles (3A, 3B) arranged in needle grooves (77) formed on said needle beds;
    • a yarn feeder (61) arranged above said aperture between said needle beds;
    • each carriage (2A, 2B) being reciprocally movable on each of said needle beds (4A, 4B), and having cam surface on a lower surface (76) of said carriage for moving said knitting needles forward and backward; and
    • each transferring jack bed (27A, 27B) supported by a supporting member (26) above each of said needle beds, and said needle bed and said transferring jack bed being relatively movable;
    characterized by
    • a transferring jack (29A, 29B) having a transfer jack selection member (33) and arranged swingably and movably forward and backward in a jack groove (72) formed on said each transferring bed;
    • a transfer jack selection means (30) acting said transfer jack selection member and arranged at an edge portion (48) of said carriage (2A, 2B), which is adjoining to said aperture, the transfer jack selection means (30) comprising actuators (45, 78) for acting the transfer jack selection members (33) respectively and
    • actuators (45, 78) being arranged in a row along a moving direction of the carriage (2A, 2B) at a surface (48) of the carriage facing the transfer jack selection members (33).
  2. A flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism according to claim 1, wherein said transfer jack selection member (33) is formed by forming a selection butt (40) at a tail portion of said transferring jack (29A, 29B), and said transfer jack selection means comprises an actuator (45) which directly operates said selection butt.
  3. A flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism according to claim 1, wherein said transferring jacks (29A, 29B) comprises more than two kinds which have different transfer jack selection members ( 33) with different phases, transferring jack groups are formed from a plurality of transferring jacks (29A, 29B) of same kind, and said transferring jack groups of different kinds are arranged alternatively every predetermined width.
  4. A flat knitting machine having a transferring mechanism according to claim 3, wherein said transfer jack selection member (33) comprises a selection butt (40) which is protruded upward at a tail portion of said transferring jack (29A, 29B) and has different phases, and a return operation surface (74) which is protruded downward, and said transfer jack selection means (30) comprises actuators (45) for acting said selection butt respectively with different phases and a return cam (42) for returning said selection butt to a waiting position.
  5. A flat knitting machine having transferring mechanism according to claim 3 or claim 4, wherein said actuator has two convex portions (74); and a recess portion (75) between said two convex portions faces a return cam (42).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Machine à tricoter à plat comprenant un mécanisme de transfert, ladite machine comprenant :
    • deux fontures à aiguilles (4A, 4B) agencées face à face pour former sur une vue latérale un profil en V inversé, une ouverture étant laissée entre les parties rapprochées de l'extrémité des fontures à aiguilles ;
    • des aiguilles à tricoter (3A, 3B) agencées dans des rainures à aiguilles (77) formées sur lesdites fontures à aiguilles ;
    • un dispositif d'amenée de fil (61) agencé au-dessus de ladite ouverture entre lesdites fontures à aiguilles ;
    • des chariots (2A, 2B), chacun mobile alternativement sur chacune desdites fontures à aiguilles (4A, 4B), et ayant, sur une surface inférieure (76) dudit chariot, une surface de came pour déplacer lesdites aiguilles à tricoter en avant et en arrière ; et
    • des fontures à crochet de transfert (27A, 27B), chacune supportée par un élément support (26) au-dessus de chacune desdites fontures à aiguilles, ladite fonture à aiguilles et ladite fonture à crochet de transfert étant mobiles l'une par rapport à l'autre ;
       CARACTERISEE par :
    • un crochet de transfert (29A, 29B) ayant un élément de sélection de crochet de transfert (33) agencé mobile en avant et en arrière alternativement dans une rainure à crochet (72) formée sur chacune desdites fontures de transfert ;
    • un moyen de sélection de crochet de transfert (30) agissant sur ledit élément de sélection de crochet de transfert agencé sur une partie de bord (48, 55) dudit chariot (2A, 2B), laquelle est voisine de ladite ouverture, le moyen de sélection de crochet de transfert (30) comprenant des actionneurs (45, 78) pour agir respectivement sur les éléments de sélection de crochet de transfert (33), et
    • des actionneurs (45, 78) étant agencés en une rangée le long d'une direction de déplacement du chariot (2A, 2B) sur une surface (48) du chariot faisant face aux éléments de sélection de crochet de transfert (33).
  2. Machine à tricoter à plat ayant un mécanisme de transfert selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit élément de sélection de crochet de transfert (33) est formé en prévoyant une butée de sélection (40) sur une partie de talon dudit crochet de transfert (29A, 29B), et ledit moyen de sélection de crochet de transfert comprend un actionneur (45) qui agit directement sur ladite butée de sélection.
  3. Machine à tricoter à plat ayant un mécanisme de transfert selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits crochets de transfert (29A, 29B) sont constitués par plus de deux catégories qui ont des éléments différents de sélection de crochet de transfert (33) avec des phases différentes, des groupes de crochet de transfert sont formés d'une pluralité de crochets de transfert (29A, 29B) du même type, et lesdits groupes de crochet de transfert de différents types sont agencés en alternance à intervalle de largeur prédéterminée.
  4. Machine à tricoter à plat ayant un mécanisme de transfert selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle ledit élément de sélection de crochet de transfert (33) comprend une butée de sélection (40) qui dépasse vers le haut d'une partie de talon dudit crochet de transfert (29A, 29B) et présente des phases différentes et une surface d'opération de retour 74 qui dépasse vers le bas, et ledit moyen de sélection de crochet de transfert (33) est constitué par des actionneurs (45) pour agir sur ladite butée de sélection, respectivement avec des phases différentes et une came de retour (42) pour ramener ladite butée de sélection dans une position d'attente.
  5. Machine à tricoter à plat ayant un mécanisme de transfert selon l'une des revendications 3 et 4, dans laquelle ledit actionneur comporte deux parties convexes (74) et une partie d'évidement (75) fait face à une came de retour (42) entre lesdites deux parties convexes.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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