PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0685095 17.09.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0685095
Titel MÜNZENSORTIERSYSTEM
Anmelder Cummins-Allison Corp., Mount Prospect, Ill., US
Erfinder MAZUR, Richard A., Naperville, IL 60540, US;
GIBBONS, John P., Mount Prospect, IL 60056, US;
GEIB, Joseph J., Mount Prospect, IL 60056, US;
WATTS, Gary, Buffalo Grove, IL 60089, US;
RASMUSSEN, James M., Chicago, IL 60630, US;
RUDISILL, Stephen G., Kildeer, IL 60047, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69320370
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 21.09.1993
EP-Aktenzeichen 939222873
WO-Anmeldetag 21.09.1993
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9308936
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9408319
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 14.04.1994
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.12.1995
EP date of grant 12.08.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 17.09.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse G07D 3/16
IPC-Nebenklasse G07D 3/12   

Beschreibung[en]
Cross-Reference To Related Application

This application is a continuation-in-part of copending U.S. patent application Serial No. 07/904,161 filed August 21, 1992, and entitled "Coin Sorter with Automatic Bag-Switching or Stopping," which in turn is a continuation of U.S. patent application Serial No. 07/524,134 filed May 14, 1990, and entitled "Coin Sorter With Automatic Bag-Switching Or Stopping" corresponding to WO 91/18371.

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates generally to coin handling systems and, more particularly, to coin handling systems of the type which use a resilient disc rotating beneath a stationary coin-manipulating head. Such a coin handling system with the features of the preamble part of claim 1 is disclosed by WO 91/18371.

Summary of the Invention

It is a primary object of the present invention to provide an improved coin handling system which reliably terminates the discharge of coins after only a prescribed number of coins of a prescribed denomination have been discharged, so that no extra coins of that denomination are discharged. A related object is to provide an improved coin handling system which avoids the need to retrieve discharged coins in excess of a prescribed number.

Another related object of the invention is to provide a coin handling system which permits coins to be sensed for counting and bag stopping control after the coins have been sorted.

Another important object of this invention is to provide such an improved coin handling system which is inexpensive to manufacture.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings.

In accordance with the present invention, the foregoing objectives are realized by providing a coin sorter and method of controlling the movement of coins, as defined in the appended claims 1 and 17.

Further embodiments of the invention are defined in the appended claims 25, 34 and 35, while advantageous features are described in the dependent claims.

The system of this invention can be used in coin sorters or coin loaders (e.g., for loading wrapping machines) to control the automatic stopping of coin discharge when a prescribed number of coins have been discharged, to prevent the discharge of undesired excess coins.

Brief Description Of The Drawings

  • FIG. 1 is perspective view of a coin counting and sorting system embodying the present invention, with portions thereof broken away to show the internal structure;
  • FIG. 2 is an enlarged bottom plan view of the sorting head or guide plate in the system of FIG. 1 known from WO 91/18371;
  • FIG. 3 is an enlarged perspective view of a preferred drive system for the rotatable disc in the system of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of the coin sorter of FIG. 1, showing two of the six coin discharge and bagging stations and certain of the components included in those stations;
  • FIG. 5 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 18-18 in FIG. 4 and showing additional details of one of the coin discharge and bagging station;
  • FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a microprocessor-based control system for use in the coin counting and sorting system of the previous figures;
  • FIG. 7 is a bottom plan view of a modified sorting head for use in the coin counting and sorting system of FIG. 1, and embodying the present invention,
  • FIG. 8 is a section taken generally along line 39-39 in FIG. 7;
  • FIG. 9 is a section taken generally along line 40-40 in FIG. 7;
  • FIG. 10 is an enlarged plan view of a portion of the sorting head shown in FIG. 7;
  • FIG. 11 is a section taken generally along line 42-42 in FIG. 10;
  • FIG. 12 is a section taken generally along line 43-43 in FIG. 10;
  • FIGS. 13a and 13b form a flow chart of a microprocessor program for controlling the disc drive motor and brake in a coin sorter using the modified sorting head of FIG. 7;
  • FIGS. 14a and 14b form a flow chart of a "jog sequence" subroutine initiated by the program of FIGS. 13a and 13b;
  • FIG. 15 is a flow chart of an optional subroutine that can be initiated by the subroutine of FIGS. 14a and 14b;
  • FIG. 16 is a timing diagram illustrating the operations controlled by the subroutine of FIGS. 14a and 14b;
  • FIG. 17 is a timing diagram illustrating the operations controlled by the subroutines of FIGS. 14 and 15;
  • FIG. 18 is a flow chart of a subroutine for controlling the current supplied to the brake; and
  • FIG. 19 is a top plan view of another modified sorting head and a cooperating exit chute;
  • FIG. 20 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 51-51 in FIG. 19;
  • FIG. 21 is a flow chart of a micro-processor program for controlling the disc drive motor and brake in a coin sorter using the modified sorting head of FIG. 19;
  • FIG. 22 is a top plan view of another modified sorting head and a cooperating exit chute;
  • FIG. 23 is an enlarged section taken generally along line 54-54 in FIG. 22;
  • FIG. 24 is a perspective view of a modified encoder for monitoring the angular movement of the disc.

Description Of The Preferred Embodiments

While the invention is susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms, certain specific embodiments thereof have been shown by way of example in the drawings and will be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that it is not intended to limit the invention to the particular forms described, but, on the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Turning now to the drawings and referring first to FIG. 1, a hopper 10 receives coins of mixed denominations and feeds them through central openings in an annular sorting head or guide plate 12. As the coins pass through these openings, they are deposited on the top surface of a rotatable disc 13. This disc 13 is mounted for rotation on a stub shaft (not shown) and driven by an electric motor 14. The disc 13 comprises a resilient pad 16, preferably made of a resilient rubber or polymeric material, bonded to the top surface of a solid metal disc 17.

As the disc 13 is rotated, the coins deposited on the top surface thereof tend to slide outwardly over the surface of the pad due to centrifugal force. As the coins move outwardly, those coins which are lying flat on the pad enter the gap between the pad surface and the guide plate 12 because the underside of the inner periphery of this plate is spaced above the pad 16 by a distance which is about the same as the thickness of the thickest coin.

As can be seen most clearly in FIG. 2, the outwardly moving coins initially enter an annular recess 20 formed in the underside of the guide plate 12 and extending around a major portion of the inner periphery of the annular guide plate. The outer wall 21 of the recess 20 extends downwardly to the lowermost surface 22 of the guide plate, which is spaced from the top surface of the pad 16 by a distance which is slightly less, e.g., 0.0254 cm, than the thickness of the thinnest coins. Consequently, the initial radial movement of the coins is terminated when they engage the wall 21 of the recess 20, though the coins continue to move circumferentially along the wall 21 by the rotational movement of the pad 16. Overlapping coins which only partially enter the recess 20 are stripped apart by a notch 20a formed in the top surface of the recess 20 along its inner edge.

The only portion of the central opening of the guide plate 12 which does not open directly into the recess 20 is that sector of the periphery which is occupied by a land 23 whose lower surface is at the same elevation as the lowermost surface 22 of the guide plate. The upstream end of the land 23 forms a ramp 23a, which prevents certain coins stacked on top of each other from reaching the ramp 24. When two or more coins are stacked on top of each other, they may be pressed into the resilient pad 16 even within the deep peripheral recess 20. Consequently, stacked coins can be located at different radial positions within the channel 20 as they approach the land 23. When such a pair of stacked coins has only partially entered the recess 20, they engage the ramp 23a on the leading edge of the land 23. The ramp 23a presses the stacked coins downwardly into the resilient pad 16, which retards the lower coin while the upper coin continues to be advanced. Thus, the stacked coins are stripped apart so that they can be recycled and once again enter the recess 20, this time in a single layer.

When a stacked pair of coins has moved out into the recess 20 before reaching the land 23, the stacked coins engage the inner spiral wall 26. The vertical dimension of the wall 26 is slightly less than the thickness of the thinnest coin, so the lower coin in a stacked pair passes beneath the wall and is recycled while the upper coin in the stacked pair is cammed outwardly along the wall 26. Thus, the two coins are stripped apart with the upper coin moving along the guide wall 26, while the lower coin is recycled.

As coins within the recess 20 approach the land 23, those coins move outwardly around the land 23 and engage a ramp 24 leading into a recess 25 which is an outward extension of the inner peripheral recess 20. The recess 25 is preferably just slightly wider than the diameter of the coin denomination having the greatest diameter. The top surface of the major portion of the recess 25 is spaced away from the top of the pad 16 by a distance that is less than the thickness of the thinnest coin so that the coins are gripped between the guide plate 12 and the resilient pad 16 as they are rotated through the recess 25. Thus, coins which move into the recess 25 are all rotated into engagement with the outwardly spiralling inner wall 26, and then continue to move outwardly through the recess 25 with the inner edges of all the coins riding along the spiral wall 26.

The primary purpose of the outward spiral formed by the wall 26 is to space apart the coins so that during normal steady-state operation of the sorter, successive coins will not be touching each other. As will be discussed below, this spacing of the coins contributes to a high degree of reliability in the counting of the coins.

Rotation of the pad 16 continues to move the coins along the wall 26 until those coins engage a ramp 27 sloping downwardly from the recess 25 to a region 22a of the lowermost surface 22 of the guide plate 12. Because the surface 22 is located even closer to the pad 16 than the recess, the effect of the ramp 27 is to further depress the coins into the resilient pad 16 as the coins are advanced along the ramp by the rotating disc. This causes the coins to be even more firmly gripped between the guide plate surface region 22a and the resilient pad 16, thereby securely holding the coins in a fixed radial position as they continue to be rotated along the underside of the guide plate by the rotating disc.

As the coins emerge from the ramp 27, the coins enter a referencing and counting recess 30 which still presses all coin denominations firmly against the resilient pad 16. The outer edge of this recess 30 forms an inwardly spiralling wall 31 which engages and precisely positions the outer edges of the coins before the coins reach the exit channels which serve as means for discriminating among coins of different denominations according to their different diameters.

The inwardly spiralling wall 31 reduces the spacing between successive coins, but only to a minor extent so that successive coins remain spaced apart. The inward spiral closes any spaces between the wall 31 and the outer edges of the coins so that the outer edges of all the coins are eventually located at a common radial position, against the wall 31, regardless of where the outer edges of those coins were located when they initially entered the recess 30.

At the downstream end of the referencing recess 30, a ramp 32 slopes downwardly from the top surface of the referencing recess 30 to a region of the lowermost surface 22 of the guide plate. Thus, at the downstream end of the ramp 32 the coins are gripped between the guide plate 12 and the resilient pad 16 with the maximum compressive force. This ensures that the coins are held securely in the radial position initially determined by the wall 31 of the referencing recess 30.

Beyond the referencing recess 30, the guide plate 12 forms a series of exit channels 40, 41, 42, 43, 44 and 45 which function as selecting means to discharge coins of different denominations at different circumferential locations around the periphery of the guide plate. Thus, the channels 40-45 are spaced circumferentially around the outer periphery of the plate 12, with the innermost edges of successive pairs of channels located progressively farther away from the common radial location of the outer edges of all coins for receiving and ejecting coins in order of increasing diameter. In the particular embodiment illustrated, the six channels 40-45 are positioned and dimensioned to eject only dimes (channels 40 and 41), nickels (channels 42 and 43) and quarters (channel 44 and 45). The innermost edges of the exit channels 40-45 are positioned so that the inner edge of a coin of only one particular denomination can enter each channel; the coins of all other denominations reaching a given exit channel extend inwardly beyond the innermost edge of that particular channel so that those coins cannot enter the channel and, therefore, continue on to the next exit channel.

For example, the first two exit channels 40 and 41 (FIGS. 2) are intended to discharge only dimes, and thus the innermost edges 40a and 41a of these channels are located at a radius that is spaced inwardly from the radius of the referencing wall 31 by a distance that is only slightly greater than the diameter of a dime. Consequently, only dimes can enter the channels 40 and 41. Because the outer edges of all denominations of coins are located at the same radial position when they leave the referencing recess 30, the inner edges of the nickels and quarters all extend inwardly beyond the innermost edge 40a of the channel 40, thereby preventing these coins from entering that particular channel. This is illustrated in FIG. 2 which shows a dime D captured in the channel 40, while nickels N and quarters Q bypass the channel 40 because their inner edges extend inwardly beyond the innermost edge 40a of the channel so that they remain gripped between the guide plate surface 22b and the resilient pad 16.

Of the coins that reach channels 42 and 43, the inner edges of only the nickels are located close enough to the periphery of the guide plate 12 to enter those exit channels. The inner edges of the quarters extend inwardly beyond the innermost edge of the channels 42 and 43 so that they remain gripped between the guide plate and the resilient pad. Consequently, the quarters are rotated past the channel 41 and continue on to the next exit channel. This is illustrated in FIG. 2 which shows nickels N captured in the channel 42, while quarters Q bypass the channel 42 because the inner edges of the quarters extend inwardly beyond the innermost edge 42a of the channel.

Similarly, only quarters can enter the channels 44 and 45, so that any larger coins that might be accidentally loaded into the sorter are merely recirculated because they cannot enter any of the exit channels.

As coins are discharged from the six exit channels 40-45, the coins are guided down toward six corresponding bag stations BS by six arcuate guide channels 50, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. Only two of the six bag stations BS are illustrated in FIG. 4, and one of the stations is illustrated in FIG. 5.

As the coins leave the lower ends of the guide channels 50, they enter corresponding cylindrical guide tubes 51 which are part of the bag stations BS. The lower ends of these tubes 51 flare outwardly to accommodate conventional clamping-ring arrangements for mounting coin bags B directly beneath the tubes 51 to receive coins therefrom.

As can be seen in FIG. 5, each clamping-ring arrangement includes a support bracket 71 below which the corresponding coin guide tube 51 is supported in such a way that the inlet to the guide tube is aligned with the outlet of the corresponding guide channel. A clamping ring 72 having a diameter which is slightly larger than the diameter of the upper portions of the guide tubes 51 is slidably disposed on each guide tube. This permits a coin bag B to be releasably fastened to the guide tube 51 by positioning the mouth of the bag over the flared end of the tube and then sliding the clamping ring down until it fits tightly around the bag on the flared portion of the tube, as illustrated in FIG. 5. Releasing the coin bag merely requires the clamping ring to be pushed upwardly onto the cylindrical section of the guide tube. The clamping ring is preferably made of steel, and a plurality of magnets 73 are disposed on the underside of the support bracket 71 to hold the ring 72 in its released position while a full coin bag is being replaced with an empty bag.

Each clamping-ring arrangement is also provided with a bag interlock switch for indicating the presence or absence of a coin bag at each bag station. In the illustrative embodiment, a magnetic reed switch 74 of the "normally-closed" type is disposed beneath the bracket 71 of each clamping-ring arrangement. The switch 74 is adapted to be activated when the corresponding clamping ring 72 contacts the magnets 73 and thereby conducts the magnetic field generated by the magnets 73 into the vicinity of the switch 74. This normally occurs when a previously clamped full coin bag is released and has not yet been replaced with an empty coin bag. A similar mechanism is provided for each of the other bag stations BS.

Whenever one of the counts CD, CN or CQ reaches its limit, a control signal is generated to initiate a bag-switching or bag-stop function.

For the bag-switching function, the control signal is used to actuate the movable shunt within the first of the two exit channels provided for the appropriate coin denomination. This enables the coin sorter to operate continuously (assuming that each full coin bag is replaced with an empty bag before the second bag for that same denomination is filled) because there is no need to stop the sorter either to remove full bags or to remove excess coins from the bags.

For a bag-stop function, the control signal preferably stops the drive for the rotating disc and at the same time actuates a brake for the disc. The disc drive can be stopped either by de-energizing the drive motor or by actuating a clutch which decouples the drive motor from the disc. An alternative bag-stop system uses a movable diverter within a coin-recycling slot located between the counting sensors and the exit channels. Such a recycling diverter is described, for example, in U.S. Patent No. 4,564,036 issued January 14, 1986, for "Coin Sorting System With Controllable Stop.

Referring now to FIG. 6, there is shown an upper level block diagram of an illustrative microprocessor-based control system 200 for controlling the operation of a coin sorter incorporating the counting and sorting system of this invention. The control system 200 includes a central processor unit (CPU) 201 for monitoring and regulating the various parameters involved in the coin sorting/counting and bag-stopping and switching operations. The CPU 201 accepts signals from (1) the bag-interlock switches 74 which provide indications of the positions of the bag-clamping rings 72 which are used to secure coin bags B to the six coin guide tubes 51, to indicate whether or not a bag is available to receive each coin denomination, (2) the coin sensors, (3) an encoder sensor E5 and (4) three coin-tracking counters CTCD, CTCN and CTCQ. The CPU 201 produces output signals to control the three at least the main drive motor M1, an auxiliary drive motor M2, a brake B and the three coin-tracking counters.

A drive system for the rotating disc, for use in conjunction with the control system of FIG. 6, is illustrated in FIG. 3. The disc is normally driven by a main a-c. drive motor M1 which is coupled directly to the coin-carrying disc 13 through a speed reducer 210. To stop the disc 13, a brake B is actuated at the same time the main motor M1 is deenergized. To permit precise monitoring of the angular movement of the disc 13, the outer peripheral surface of the disc carries an encoder in the form of a large number of uniformly spaced indicia 211 (either optical or magnetic) which can be sensed by an encoder sensor 212. In the particular example illustrated, the disc has 720 indicia 211 so that the sensor 212 produces an output pulse for every 0.5° of movement of the disc 13.

The pulses from the encoder sensor 212 are supplied to the three coin-tracking down counters CTDD, CTCN and CTCQ for separately monitoring the movement of each of the three coin denominations between fixed points on the sorting head. The outputs of these three counters CTCD, CTCN and CTCQ can then be used to separately control the actuation of the bag-switching bridges 80, 90 and 100 and/or the drive system.

Reducing the speed of the rotating disc is preferably accomplished by reducing the speed of the motor which drives the disc. Alternatively, this speed reduction can be achieved by actuation of a brake for the rotating disc, or by a combination of brake actuation and speed reduction of the drive motor.

One example of a drive system for controllably reducing the speed of the disc 13 is illustrated in FIG. 3. This system includes an auxiliary d-c. motor M2 connected to the drive shaft of the main drive motor M1 through a timing belt 213 and an overrun clutch 214. The speed of the auxiliary motor M2 is controlled by a drive control circuit 215 through a current sensor 216 which continuously monitors the armature current supplied to the auxiliary motor M2. When the main drive motor M1 is de-energized, the auxiliary d-c. motor M2 can be quickly accelerated to its normal speed while the main motor M1 is decelerating. The output shaft of the auxiliary motor turns a gear which is connected to a larger gear through the timing belt 213, thereby forming a speed reducer for the output of the auxiliary motor M2. The overrun clutch 214 is engaged only when the auxiliary motor M2 is energized, and serves to prevent the rotational speed of the disc 13 from decreasing below a predetermined level while the disc is being driven by the auxiliary motor.

Returning to FIG. 6, when the prescribed number of coins of a prescribed denomination has been counted for a given coin batch, the controller 201 produces control signals which energize the brake B and the auxiliary motor M2 and deenergize the main motor M1. The auxiliary motor M2 rapidly accelerates to its normal speed, while the main motor M, decelerates. When the speed of the main motor is reduced to the speed of the overrun clutch 214 driven by the auxiliary motor, the brake overrides the output of the auxiliary motor, thereby causing the armature current of the auxiliary motor to increase rapidly. When this armature current exceeds a preset level, it initiates de-actuation of the brake, which is then disengaged after a short time delay. After the brake is disengaged, the armature current of the auxiliary motor drops rapidly to a normal level needed to sustain the normal speed of the auxiliary motor. The disc then continues to be driven by the auxiliary motor alone, at a reduced rotational speed, until the encoder sensor 212 indicates that the last coin in the batch has passed the position where that coin has cleared the bag-switching bridge in the first exit slot for that particular denomination. At this point the main drive motor is re-energized, and the auxiliary motor is deenergized.

FIGS. 7-12 illustrate a system in which each coin is sensed after it has been sorted but before it has exited from the rotating disc. One of six proximity sensors S1-S6 is mounted along the outboard edge of each of the six exit channels 350-355 in the sorting head. By locating the sensors S1-S6 in the exit channels, each sensor is dedicated to one particular denomination of coin, and thus it is not necessary to process the sensor output signals to determine the coin denomination. The effective fields of the sensors S1-S6 are all located just outboard of the radius Rg at which the outer edges of all coin denominations are gaged before they reach the exit channels 350-355, so that each sensor detects only the coins which enter its exit channel and does not detect the coins which bypass that exit channel. Thus, in FIG. 7 the circumferential path followed by the outer edges of all coins as they traverse the exit channels is illustrated by the dashed-line arc Rg. Only the largest coin denomination (e.g., U.S. half dollars) reaches the sixth exit channel 355, and thus the location of the sensor in this exit channel is not as critical as in the other exit channels 350-354.

It is preferred that each exit channel have the straight side walls shown in FIG. 7, instead of the curved side walls used in the exit channels of many previous disc-type coin sorters. The straight side walls facilitate movement of coins through an exit slot during the jogging mode of operation of the drive motor, after the last coin has been sensed, which will be described in more detail below.

To ensure reliable monitoring of coin movement downstream of the respective sensors, as well as reliable sensing of each coin, each of the exit channels 350-355 is dimensioned to press the coins therein down into the resilient top surface of the rotating disc. This pressing action is a function of not only the depth of the exit channel, but also the clearance between the lowermost surface of the sorting head and the uppermost surface of the disc.

To ensure that the coins are pressed into the resilient surface of the rotating disc, the depth of each of the exit channels 350-355 must be substantially smaller than the thickness of the coin exited through that channel. In the case of the dime channel 350, the top surface 356 of the channel is inclined, as illustrated in FIGS. 11 and 12, to tilt the coins passing through that channel and thereby ensure that worn dimes are retained within the exit channel. As can be seen in FIG. 11, the sensor S1 is also inclined so that the face of the sensor is parallel to the coins passing thereover.

Because the inclined top surface 356 of the dime channel 350 virtually eliminates any outer wall in that region of the channel 350, the dime channel is extended into the gaging recess 357. In the region where the outer edge of the channel 350 is within the radius Rg, the top surface of the dime channel is flat, so as to form an outer wall 358. This outer wall 358 prevents coins from moving outwardly beyond the gaging radius Rg before they have entered one of the exit channels. As will be described in more detail below, the disc which carries the coins can recoil slightly under certain stopping conditions, and without the outer wall 358 certain coins could be moved outwardly beyond the radius Rg by small recoiling movements of the disc. The wall 358 retains the coins within the radius Rg, thereby preventing the missorting that can occur if a coin moves outside the radius Rg before that coin reaches its exit channel. The inner wall of the channel 350 in the region bounded by the wall 358 is preferably tapered at an angle of about 45° to urge coins engaging that edge toward the outer wall 358.

The inclined surface 356 is terminated inboard of the exit edge 350 of the exit channel to form a flat surface 360 and an outer wall 361. This wall 361 serves a purpose similar to that of the wall 358 described above, i.e., it prevents coins from moving away from the inner wall of the exit channel 350 in the event of recoiling movement of the disc after a braked stop.

As shown in FIGS. 7, 10 and 12, the exit end of each exit channel is terminated along an edge that is approximately perpendicular to the side walls of the channel. For example, in the case of the dime exit channel 350 shown in FIGS. 10-12, the exit channel terminates at the edge 350a. Although the upper portion of the sorting head extends outwardly beyond the edge 350a, that portion of the head is spaced so far above the disc and the coins (see FIG. 12) that it has no functional significance.

Having the exit edge of an exit channel perpendicular to the side walls of the channel is advantageous when the last coin to be discharged from the channel is followed closely by another coin. That is, a leading coin can be completely released from the channel while the following coin is still completely contained within the channel. For example, when the last coin in a desired batch of n coins is closely followed by coin n+1 which is the first coin for the next batch, the disc must be stopped after the discharge of coin n but before the discharge of coin n+1. This can be more readily accomplished with exit channels having exit edges perpendicular to the side walls.

As soon as any one of the sensors S1-S6 detects the last coin in a prescribed count, the disc 359 is stopped by de-energizing or disengaging the drive motor and energizing a brake. In a preferred mode of operation, the disc is initially stopped as soon as the trailing edge of the "last" or nth coin clears the sensor, so that the nth coin is still well within the exit channel when the disc comes to rest. The nth coin is then discharged by jogging the drive motor with one or more electrical pulses until the trailing edge of the nth coin clears the exit edge of its exit channel. The exact disc movement required to move the trailing edge of a coin from its sensor to the exit edge of its exit channel, can be empirically determined for each coin denomination and then stored in the memory of the control system. The encoder pulses are then used to measure the actual disc movement following the sensing of the nth coin, so that the disc 359 can be stopped at the precise position where the nth coin clears the exit edge of its exit channel, thereby ensuring that no coins following the nth coin are discharged.

The flow chart of a software routine for controlling the motor and brake following the sensing of the nth coin of any denomination is illustrated in FIGS. 13-15, and corresponding timing diagrams are shown in FIGS. 16 and 17. This software routine operates in conjunction with a microprocessor receiving input signals from the six proximity sensors S1-S6 and the encoder 212, as well as manually set limits for the different coin denominations. Output signals from the microprocessor are used to control the drive motor and brake for the disc 359. One of the advantages of this program is that it permits the use of a simple a-c. induction motor as the only drive motor, and a simple electromagnetic brake. The routine charted in FIGS. 13a and 13b is entered each time the output signal from any of the sensors S1-S6 changes, regardless of whether the change is due to a coin entering or leaving the field of the sensor. The microprocessor can process changes in the output signals from all six sensors in less time than is required for the smallest coin to traverse its sensor.

The first step of the routine in FIG. 13a is step 500 which determines whether the sensor signal represents a leading edge of the coin, i.e., that the change in the sensor output was caused by metal entering the field of the sensor. The change in the sensor output is different when metal leaves the field of the sensor. If the answer at step 500 is affirmative, the routine advances to step 501 to determine whether the previous coin edge detected by the same sensor was a trailing edge of a coin. A negative answer indicates that the sensor output signal which caused the system to enter this routine was erroneous, and thus the system immediately exits from the routine. An affirmative answer at step 501 confirms that the sensor has detected the leading edge of a new coin in the exit slot, and this fact is saved at step 502. Step 503 resets a coin-width counter which then counts encoder pulses until a trailing edge is detected. Following step 503 the system exits from this routine.

A negative response at step 500 indicates that the sensor output just detected does not represent a leading edge of a coin, which means that it could be a trailing edge. This negative response advances the routine to step 504 to determine whether the previous coin edge detected by the same sensor was a leading edge. If the answer is affirmative, the system has confirmed the detection of a trailing coin edge following the previous detection of a leading coin edge. This affirmative response at step 504 advances the routine to step 505 where the fact that a trailing edge was just detected is saved, and then step 506 determines whether the proper number of encoder pulses has been counted by the encoder pulses in the interval between the leading-edge detection and the trailing-edge detection. A negative answer at either step 504 or step 506 causes the system to conclude that the sensor output signal which caused the system to enter this routine was erroneous, and thus the routine is exited.

An affirmative answer at step 506 confirms the legitimate sensing of both the leading and trailing edges of a new coin moving in the proper direction through the exit channel, and thus the routine advances to step 507 to determine whether the sensed coin is an n+1 coin for that particular denomination. If the answer is affirmative, the routine starts tracking the movement of this coin by counting the output pulses from the encoder.

At step 509, the routine determines whether the drive motor is already in a jogging mode. If the answer is affirmative, the routine advances to step 511 to set a flag indicating that this particular coin denomination requires jogging of the motor. A negative response at step 509 initiates the jogging mode (to be described below) at step 510 before setting the flag at step 511.

At step 512, the routine of FIG. 13b determines whether the most recently sensed coin is over the limit of n set for that particular coin denomination. If the answer is affirmative, the count for that particular coin is added to a holding register at step 513, for use in the next coin count. A negative response at step 512 advance. the routine to step 514 where the count for this particular coin is added to the current count register, and then step 515 determines whether the current count in the register has reached the limit of n for that particular coin denomination. If the answer is negative, the routine is exited. If the answer is affirmative, a timer is started at step 516 to stop the disc at the end of a preselected time period, such as 0.15 second, if no further coins of this particular denomination are sensed by the end of that time period. The purpose of this final step 516 is to stop the disc when the nth coin has been discharged, and the time period is selected to be long enough to ensure that the nth coin is discharged from its exit channel after being detected by the sensor in that channel. If a further coin of the same denomination is sensed before this time period has expired, then the disc may be stopped prior to the expiration of the preselected time period in order to prevent the further coin from being discharged, as will be described in more detail below in connection with the jogging sequence routine.

Whenever step 510 is reached in the routine of FIG. 13b, the jog sequence routine of FIGS. 14a and 14b is entered. The first two steps of this routine are steps 600 and 601 which turn off the drive motor and turn on the brake. This is time t1 in the timing diagrams of FIGS. 16 and 17, and a timer is also started at time t1 to measure a preselected time interval between t1 and t2; this time interval is selected to be long enough to ensure that the disc has been brought to a complete stop, as can be seen from the speed and position curves in FIGS. 16 and 17. Step 602 of the routine of FIG. 14a determines when the time t2 has been reached, and then the brake is turned off at step 603.

It will be appreciated that the n+1 coin may be reached for more than one coin denomination at the same time, or at least very close to the same time. Thus, step 604 of the routine of FIG. 14a determines which of multiple sensed n+1 coins is closest to its final position. Of course, if an n+1 coin has been sensed for only one denomination, then that is the coin denomination that is selected at step 604. Step 605 then determines whether the n+1 coin of the selected denomination is in its final position. This final position is the point at which the n+1 coin has been advanced far enough to ensure that the nth coin has been fully discharged from the exit channel, but not far enough to jeopardize the retention of the n+l coin in the exit channel. Ideally, the final position of the n+1 coin is the position at which the leading edge of the n+1 coin is aligned with the exit edge 350a of its exit channel.

When the n+1 coin has reached its final position, step 605 yields an affirmative response and the routine advances to step 606 where a message is displayed, to indicate that the nth coin has been discharged. The routine is then exited. If the response at step 605 is negative, the drive motor is turned on at step 607 and the brake is turned on at step 608. This is time t3 in the timing diagrams of FIGS. 16 and 17. After a predetermined delay interval, which is measured at step 609, the brake is turned off at time t4 (step 610). Up until the time t4 when the brake is turned off, the brake overrides the drive motor so that the disc remains stationary even though the drive motor has been turned on. When the brake is turned off at time t4, however, the drive motor begins to turn the disc and thereby advance both the n+1 coin and the nth coin along the exit channel.

Step 611 determines when the n+1 coin has been advanced through a preselected number of encoder pulses. When step 611 produces an affirmative response, the brake is turned on again at step 612 and the motor is turned off at step 613. This is time t5 in the timing diagrams. The routine then returns to step 602 to repeat the jogging sequence. This jogging sequence is repeated as many times as necessary until step 605 indicates that the n+1 coin has reached the desired final position. As explained above, the final position is the position at which the n+1 coin is a position which ensures that the nth coin has been discharged from the exit channel and also ensures that the n+1 coin has not been discharged from the exit channel. The routine is then exited after displaying the limit message at step 606.

Instead of releasing the brake abruptly at time t4, as indicated in the timing diagram of FIG. 16, the brake may be turned only partially off at step 610 and then released gradually, according to the subroutine of FIG. 15 and the timing diagram of FIG. 17. In this "soft" brake release mode, step 614 measures small time increments following time t4, and at the end of each of these time increments step 615 determines whether the brake is fully on or fully off. If the answer is affirmative, the subroutine exits to step 611. If the answer is negative, the brake power is decreased slightly at step 616. This subroutine is repeated each time the jogging sequence is repeated, until step 615 yields an affirmative response. The resulting "soft" release of the brake is illustrated by the steps in the brake curve following time t4 in FIG. 17.

An additional subroutine, illustrated in FIG. 18, automatically adjusts the energizing current supplied to the brake in order to compensate for variations in the line voltage, temperature and other variables that can affect the stopping distance after the brake has been energized. Step 700 of this subroutine measures the stopping distance each time the brake is turned off. Step 701 then determines whether that measured stopping distance is longer than a preselected nominal stopping distance. If the answer is affirmative, the brake current is increased at step 702, and is the answer is negative, the brake current is decreased at step 703. The subroutine is then exited.

In the modified embodiment of FIGS. 19 and 20, a second sensor S' is provided outboard of the disc at the end of each exit channel to confirm that the nth coin has, in fact, been discharged from the disc. With this arrangement, no encoder is required and the software routine of FIG. 21 can be utilized. As can be seen in FIG. 20, the second sensor S' is formed by a light source 400 mounted in an extension of the head 401 beyond the disc 402, and a photodetector 403 mounted in the bottom wall on exit chute 404.

The routine of FIG. 21 begins at step 650, which determines whether the coin sensed at the first sensor is the nth coin in the preselected number of coins of that denomination. If the answer is negative, the routine is exited. If the answer is affirmative, the subroutine stops the disc at step 651 by de-energizing the motor and energizing the brake. Step 652 then determines whether the nth coin has been detected by the second sensor S'.

As long as step 652 produces a negative answer, indicating that the nth coin has not been detected by the second sensor S' the routine advances to step 654 which turns off the brake and jogs the motor by momentarily energizing the motor with a controlled pulse. The motor is then immediately turned off again, and the brake is turned on, at step 655. The routine then returns to step 652.

When step 652 produces an affirmative answer, indicating that the nth coin has been detected by the second sensor, a "bag full" routine is entered at step 653. The "bag full" routine ensures that the disc remains stationary until the full bag is removed and replaced with an empty bag.

In FIGS. 22 and 23, there is shown another modified embodiment which the second sensor S' is located entirely in the exit chute 410. Here again, the second sensor S' is formed by a light source 411 and a photodetector 412, but in this case both elements are mounted in the exit chute 410. Also, both the source 411 and the detector 412 are spaced away from the outer edge of the disc by a distance which is approximately the same as the diameter of the particular coin denomination being discharged at this location. Consequently, whenever the sensor S' detects a new coin, that coin has already been released from the disc and the sorting head.

FIG. 24 illustrates a preferred encoder 800 to be used in place of the encoder 212 shown in FIG. 13. The encoder 800 has a gear wheel 801 meshing with gear teeth 802 on the periphery of the metal disc 803. The meshing gear teeth ensure that the encoder 800 positively tracks the rotational movement of the disc 803.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Münzsortierer zum Sortieren vermischter Münzen nach Wertigkeit, wobei der Sortierer aufweist:
    • eine drehbare Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) mit einer elastischen Oberfläche (16) zur Aufnahme der Münzen und zur Übertragung einer Drehbewegung auf die Münzen;
    • einen stationären Sortierkopf (12) mit einer mit einer Kontur versehenen Fläche, die gering von und im allgemeinen parallel zur elastischen Fläche der Drehscheibe beabstandet ist, wobei der stationäre Sortierkopf eine Einrichtung (350-355) zum Sortieren und Ausgeben der Münzen unterschiedlicher Wertigkeit an unterschiedlichen Ausgaben entlang der Peripherie des stationären Sortierkopfes aufweist, wobei die Sortier- und Ausgabeeinrichtung einen separaten Ausgabekanal (350-355) für jede Münzwertigkeit aufweist, und
    • eine Sensoreinrichtung (S1-S6) für jede Münzwertigkeit, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Sensoreinrichtung (S1-S6) an einer festen Abtaststation innerhalb des Ausgabekanals (350-355) für jene Wertigkeit und innerhalb der Außenperipherie der drehbaren Scheibe angeordnet ist.
  2. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch eine Einrichtung (211, 212; 800-802; 200) zur Überwachung der Bewegung einer erfaßten Münze auf der drehenden Scheibe stromabwärts der Abtaststation (S1-S6) durch Überwachen der Drehbewegung der Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) zur Feststellung, wann die erfaßte Münze bis zu einer vorbestimmten Stelle stromabwärts beabstandet von der Abtaststation in Richtung der Münzbewegung bewegt worden ist.
  3. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch eine Einrichtung (200) zum separaten Zählen der erfaßten Münzen einer jeden Wertigkeit und eine Einrichtung (215, 216, M1, M2, B) zum Unterbrechen der Ausgabe der Münzen, wenn die bis zu der vorbestimmten Position bewegte Münze die letzte Münze einer vorbestimmten Anzahl ist.
  4. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) in Reaktion zum Erfassen dieser letzten Münze angehalten wird und dann langsam oder unterbrochen weiterbewegt wird, bis die letzte Münze ausgegeben wurde.
  5. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch eine Zähleinrichtung (200) in Verbindung mit der Sensoreinrichtung (S1-S6) zum separaten Zählen der Anzahl von Münzen, die in jeden separaten Ausgabekanal (350-355) eintreten, und eine Steuereinrichtung (200, 215, 216, M1, M2, B), die mit der Zähleinrichtung zum Verlangsamen der Scheibe verbunden ist, wenn die letzte Münze einer vorbestimmten Anzahl von Münzen einer ausgewählten Wertigkeit in dem Ausgabekanal für jene Wertigkeit ist und zum Anhalten der Drehung der Scheibe, wenn die letzte Münze aus dem Ausgabekanal ausgegeben wurde.
  6. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 3 oder 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Steuereinrichtung eine Einrichtung (M1, M2, B) zum momentanen Anhalten der Scheibe aufweist, wenn die letzte Münze in dem Ausgabekanal (350-355) erfaßt wurde, wobei dann die Scheibe um einen Winkel ausreichend, zur Weiterbewegung einer Vorderkante der letzten Münze von der Sensoreinrichtung in dem Ausgabekanal bis zur Peripherie der Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) fortbewegt wird.
  7. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Sensoreinrichtung (S1-S6) beabstandet von den Ausgabeenden der Ausgabekanäle (350-355) angeordnet ist.
  8. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die drehbare Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) eine elastische Oberfläche aufweist und der Sortierkopf nahe genug zur Scheibe angeordnet ist, um wenigstens einen Bereich einer jeden Münze in die elastische Oberfläche zu drücken, wenn die Münzen sich entlang ihres Ausgabekanals bewegen.
  9. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Sensoreinrichtung (S1-S6) Annäherungssensoren aufweist, die in dem Sortierkopf montiert sind und elektrische Felder erzeugen, welche sich nach unten von den unteren Enden der Sensoren so erstrecken, daß an den unteren Enden der Sensoren vorbeigeführte Münzen die entsprechenden Felder unterbrechen und dadurch die Sensoren zur Erzeugung eines entsprechenden Ausgabesignals veranlassen.
  10. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jeder der Münzsensoren (S1-S6) entlang der Außenkante seines Ausgabekanals (350-355) an einer Stelle angeordnet ist, wo das Feld des Sensors radial auswärts beabstandet von den Außenkanten aller Münzen angeordnet ist, die an diesem Ausgabekanal vorbeigeführt werden.
  11. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 10, gekennzeichnet durch eine Einrichtung (30-32) stromaufwärts der Ausgabekanäle (350-355) zum Positionieren der Außenkanten der Münzen aller Wertigkeiten in gleicher Radialstellung.
  12. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Steuereinrichtung (200, 211, 212, 800-802) einen Kodierer (212, 800) zur Erzeugung sich wiederholender Signale aufweist, die aufeinanderfolgenden Inkrementen (211, 802) der tatsächlichen Winkelbewegung der Scheibe entsprechen, und eine Speichereinrichtung (201) eine vorbestimmte Anzahl dieser sich wiederholenden Signale entsprechend zur Winkelbewegung der Scheibe abspeichert, die erforderlich ist, um eine Münze von der Sensoreinrichtung (S1-S6) in dem Ausgabekanal für diese Münze bis zum Abgabeende dieses Kanals (350-355) zu bewegen.
  13. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 12, gekennzeichnet durch eine Zähleinrichtung (201) zum Zählen sich wiederholender Signale nach Erfassen der letzten Münze, zum Vergleich der gespeicherten Anzahl der tatsächlichen Zählung zur Bestimmung, wann diese letzte Münze bis zum Ausgabeende ihres Ausgabekanals (350-355) bewegt wurde und zum Anhalten der Drehung der Scheibe, wenn die gespeicherte Anzahl und die tatsächliche Anzahl gleich sind.
  14. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 3 oder 5, gekennzeichnet durch eine mit der Zähleinrichtung (201) verbundene Steuereinrichtung (215, 216, M1, M2, B) zum Verzögern oder Anhalten der Scheibe, wenn die letzte Münze einer ausgewählten Zahl von Münzen einer ausgewählten Wertigkeit in dem Ausgabekanal für diese Wertigkeit erfaßt wurde und zum Weiterbewegen der Münze mit langsamer Geschwindigkeit, bis jene letzte Münze von dem Ausgabekanal ausgegeben wurde und zum anschließenden Anhalten der Münze.
  15. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Steuereinrichtung aufweist:
    • einen zweiten Münzsensor (400, 403, 411, 412) benachbart zum Ausgabeende eines jeden Ausgabekanals (350-355) zum Erfassen jeder folgenden von dem Kanal ausgebenden Münze;
    • eine zweite Zähleinrichtung (201), die mit dem zweiten Sensor zum getrennten Zählen der Anzahl von von jedem der separaten Ausgabekanäle ausgebenden Münzen verbunden ist, und
    • eine Einrichtung (215, 216, M1, M2, B), die in Abhängigkeit von der zweiten Zähleinrichtung die Scheibe in Abhängigkeit von der Ausgabe der letzten Münze anhält.
  16. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Seitenwände eines jeden Ausgabekanals (350-355) gerade sind.
  17. Verfahren zur Steuerung der Bewegung von Münzen zwischen einem stationären Kopf (12) und einer drehbaren Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) mit einer elastischen Oberfläche, welche unterhalb des Kopfes und nah genug zu untersten Flächen des Kopfes angeordnet ist, um durch diese Flächen die Münzen in die elastische Oberfläche zu drücken, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfaßt:
    • Führen Münzen unterschiedlicher Wertigkeiten durch unterschiedliche Ausgabekanäle (350-355), welche zu unterschiedlichen Abgabestationen entlang der Peripherie der Scheibe führen;
    • getrenntes Erfassen einer jeden folgenden Münze, welche in jeden der Ausgabekanäle (350-355) eintritt, während die Münze innerhalb der äußeren Peripherie der drehbaren Scheibe ist;
    • getrenntes Zählen der Anzahl von Münzen, die in jeden der separaten Ausgabekanäle eintreten;
    • Verzögern der Scheibe, wenn die letzte Münze einer vorbestimmten Anzahl von Münzen einer ausgewählten Wertigkeit in dem Ausgabekanal für diese Wertigkeit ist; und
    • Anhalten der Drehung der Scheibe, wenn die letzte Münze von ihrem Ausgabekanal abgegeben wurde.
  18. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17, gekennzeichnet durch den weiteren Schritt des Weiterbewegens der Scheibe über einen Winkel, der ausreichend zur Weiterbewegung der Vorderkante der letzten Münze von dem Münzsensor (S1-S6) in dem Ausgabekanal (350-355) bis zum Ausgabeende des Ausgabekanals ist.
  19. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17, gekennzeichnet durch den weiteren Schritt des Positionieren der Außenkanten der Münzen aller Wertigkeiten in der gleichen Radialposition stromaufwärts der Ausgabekanäle (350-355).
  20. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17, gekennzeichnet durch den weiteren Schritt des Erzeugens sich wiederholender Signale, welche aufeinanderfolgende Inkremente der tatsächlichen Winkelverstellung der Scheibe entsprechen, und Abspeichern einer vorbestimmten Anzahl der sich wiederholenden Signale entsprechend zur Winkelverstellung der Scheibe, die zum Weiterbewegen einer Münze vom Münzsensor (S1-S6) im Ausgabekanal (350-355) für diese Münze bis zum Abgabeende des Ausgabekanals erforderlich ist.
  21. Verfahren nach Anspruch 20, gekennzeichnet durch die weiteren Schritte des Zählens der sich wiederholenden Signale nach Erfassen der letzten Münze, des Vergleichens der gespeicherten Anzahl mit der tatsächlichen Anzahl zur Bestimmung, wann die letzte Münze bis zum Abgabeende ihres Ausgabekanals bewegt wurde, und des Anhaltens der Drehung der Scheibe, wenn die abgespeicherte Zahl und die tatsächliche Zahl gleich sind.
  22. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17, gekennzeichnet durch die weiteren Schritte des Sortierens der Münzen unterschiedliche Wertigkeiten durch unterschiedliche Ausgabekanäle (350-355), die zu unterschiedlichen Abgabestationen entlang der Peripherie der Scheibe führen, und
    • Anhalten der Ausgabe von sortierten Münzen einer ausgewählten Wertigkeit von der Scheibe in Abhängigkeit zum Zählen der letzten zu sortierenden Münze einer vorbestimmten Anzahl von Münzen einer ausgewählten Wertigkeit, nach Ausgabe dieser letzten Münze von der Scheibe und vor Ausgabe der nächsten Münze der ausgewählten Wertigkeit von der Scheibe, welche Münze der letzten Münze folgt.
  23. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17, gekennzeichnet durch die weiteren Schritte des Sortierens der Münzen unterschiedlicher Wertigkeiten durch verschiedene Ausgabekanäle (350-355), die zu unterschiedlichen Abgabestationen entlang der Peripherie der Scheibe führen;
    • Erfassen der Position einer ausgewählten Münze, während die Münze auf der Scheibe ist und bevor diese Münze von dem entsprechenden Ausgang außerhalb der Peripherie der Scheibe abgegeben wird, und
    • Verfolgen der Position der ausgewählten Münze relativ zur erfaßten Position beim Transportieren der Münze auf der Scheibe.
  24. Verfahren nach Anspruch 23, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß im Verfolgeschritt die Winkelbewegung der Scheibe nach Erfassen der ausgewählten Münze überwacht wird.
  25. Münzsortierer mit:
    • einer drehbaren Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802);
    • einem Antriebsmotor (14) zum Drehen der Scheibe;
    • einem stationären Sortierkopf (12) mit einer unteren Fläche parallel zur oberen Fläche der drehbaren Scheibe und in geringem Abstand zu dieser;
    • einer unteren Fläche des Sortierkopfes, welche eine Vielzahl von Ausgabekanälen (350-355) zur Führung von Münzen unterschiedlicher Wertigkeiten zu unterschiedlichen Ausgabestationen entlang der Peripherie der Scheibe bildet;
    • einem ersten Münzsensor (S1-S6) innerhalb eines jeden Ausgabekanals (350-355) zum Erfassen der Gegenwart einer jeden folgenden Münze in dem Kanal;
    • einer ersten Zähleinrichtung (200) zum separaten Zählen der Anzahl von in jedem der getrennten Ausgabekanäle erfaßten Münzen, die mit den Münzsensoren verbunden ist; und
    • einer Steuereinrichtung (200; 215, 216, M1, M2, B), die mit der Zähleinrichtung zum Verzögern und Anhalten der Scheibe verbunden ist, wenn die letzte Münze in einer ausgewählten Anzahl von Münzen einer ausgewählten Wertigkeit in dem Ausgabekanal für diese Wertigkeit erfaßt wurde und zum Fortbewegen der Scheibe mit geringer Geschwindigkeit, bis die letzte Münze von dem Ausgabekanal abgegeben wurde, und dann Anhalten der Münze vor Ausgabe einer nächsten Münze der ausgewählten Wertigkeit von der Scheibe, die der letzten Münze folgt.
  26. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 25, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Steuereinrichtung aufweist:
    • einen zweiten Münzsensor (400, 403; 411, 412) benachbart zum Ausgabeende eines jeden Ausgabekanals (350-355) zum Erfassen einer jeden folgenden Münze, die von dem Kanal ausgegeben wird;
    • eine zweite Zähleinrichtung (201), die mit dem zweiten Sensor zum getrennten Zählen der Anzahl von Münzen verbunden ist, die von jedem der getrennten Ausgabekanäle ausgegeben wird, und
    • eine Einrichtung (215, 216, M1, M2, B), die in Abhängigkeit von der zweiten Zähleinrichtung die Scheibe in Abhängigkeit zur Ausgabe der letzten Münze anhält.
  27. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 26, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Einrichtung zum Anhalten der Scheibe eine Bremse (B) für die drehbare Scheibe und eine Einrichtung (215, 216) zum Betreiben der Bremse und zum Ausschalten des Antriebsmotors (M1, M2) in Abhängigkeit von der Ausgabe der letzten Münze aufweist.
  28. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 25, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die drehbare Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) eine elastische Oberfläche aufweist und der Sortierkopf (12) nahe genug zur Scheibe angeordnet ist, um wenigstens einen Bereich einer jeden Münze in die elastische Oberfläche zu drücken, wenn die Münze sich entlang ihres Ausgabekanals (350-355) fortbewegt.
  29. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 25, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Antriebsmotor (M1, M2) für die Scheibe ein Induktionsmotor ist und die Einrichtung (215, 216) zur Fortbewegung der Scheibe mit geringer Geschwindigkeit eine Einrichtung zur Zufuhr von Betätigungsimpulsen zu dem Motor umfaßt.
  30. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 25, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die ersten Münzsensoren (S1-S6) Annäherungssensoren aufweisen, die in dem Sortierkopf (12) angeordnet sind und elektrische Felder erzeugen, die sich nach unten von unteren Enden der Sensoren erstrecken, so daß an den unteren Enden dieser Sensoren vorbeigeführte Münzen die entsprechenden Felder unterbrechen und dadurch die Sensoren zur Erzeugung entsprechender Ausgabesignale veranlassen.
  31. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 30, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jeder der ersten Münzsensoren (S1-S6) entlang der Außenkante seines Ausgabekanals (350-355) in einer Position angeordnet ist, wo das Feld des ersten Münzsensors radial auswärts von den Außenkanten aller Münzen angeordnet ist, die an diesem Ausgabekanal vorbeigeführt werden.
  32. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 31, gekennzeichnet durch eine Einrichtung stromaufwärts der Ausgabekanäle zum Positionieren der Außenkanten der Münzen aller Wertigkeiten in gleicher Radialposition.
  33. Münzsortierer nach Anspruch 25, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Ausgabekanäle (350-355) gerade sind.
  34. Münzsortierer vom Scheibentyp zum Sortieren von Münzen vermischter Wertigkeiten mit:
    • einer drehbaren Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) zur Aufnahme der Münzen und zur Übermittlung einer Drehbewegung auf die Münzen;
    • einem stationären Sortierkopf (12) mit einer Unterseite mit Kontur, die gering von und im allgemeinen parallel zur Oberfläche drehbaren Scheibe beabstandet ist;
    • einer Einrichtung (M1, M2) zur Drehung der Scheibe unterhalb des Sortierkopfes;
    • einer Einrichtung (350-355) zum Sortieren der Münzen auf der Scheibe nach Wertigkeit; und
    • einer getrennten Zähleinrichtung (200) zum Erfassen und Zählen der Münzen einer jeden Wertigkeit nach Sortieren der Münzen und während die Münzen auf der Scheibe sind sowie einer Steuereinrichtung (200, 215, 216, M1, M2, B), die in Abhängigkeit zum Zählen der letzten sortierten Münze einer vorbestimmten Anzahl von Münzen einer ausgewählten Wertigkeit die Abgabe der sortierten Münzen der ausgewählten Wertigkeit von der Scheibe nach Abgabe der letzten Münze von der Scheibe und vor Abgabe der nächsten Münze der ausgewählten Wertigkeit von der Scheibe, die der letzten Münze folgt, anhält.
  35. Münzsortierer vom Scheibentyp mit einer stationären Führungsplatte (12), welche eine Unterseite mit Kontur aufweist, die gering oberhalb einer drehbaren, münzentragenden Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) zum Sortieren von Münzen und Ausgeben der Münzen an entsprechenden Ausgängen außerhalb der Peripherie der Scheibe gemäß der Münzwertigkeit aufweist, mit wenigstens einem Münzsensor (S1-S6) zum Erfassen der Position einer ausgewählten Münze, während die Münze auf der Scheibe ist und bevor diese Münze an einem entsprechenden Ausgang außerhalb der Peripherie der Münze ausgegeben wird, und mit einem Münzverfolgungskodierer (212, 800), der in Abhängigkeit von dem Münzsensor (S1-S6) die Position der ausgewählten Münze relativ zum Münzsensor verfolgt, während die Münze von der Scheibe getragen wird.
  36. Münzsortierer vom Scheibentyp nach Anspruch 35, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Münzverfolgungskodierer (212, 800) die Winkelbewegung der Scheibe (13, 359, 402, 802) nach Erfassen der ausgewählten Münze durch den Münzsensor überwacht.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A coin sorter for sorting mixed coins by denomination, said apparatus comprising:
    • a rotatable disc (13, 359, 402, 802) having a resilient surface (16) for receiving said coins and imparting rotational movement to said coins;
    • a stationary sorting head (12) having a contoured surface spaced slightly away from and generally parallel to said resilient surface of said rotatable disc, said stationary sorting head including means (350-355) for sorting and discharging said coins of different denominations at different exits around the periphery of said stationary sorting head, said sorting and discharging means including a separate exit channel (350 - 355) for each denomination of coin; and
    • means for sensing (S1-S6) each coin denomination characterized in that said means for sensing (S1-S6) are located at a fixed sensing station within the exit channel (350-355) for that denomination, and inboard of the outer periphery of said rotatable disc.
  2. The coin sorter of claim 1 which includes
    • means (211,212;800-802;200) for monitoring the movement of a sensed coin on the rotating disc downstream of said sensing station (S1-S6) by monitoring the angular movement of said disc (13,359,402,802), to determine when the sensed coin has been moved to a predetermined location spaced downstream from said sensing station in the direction of coin movement.
  3. The coin sorter of claim 1 which includes means (200) for separately counting the sensed coins of each separate denomination, and means (215,216,M1,M2,B) for interrupting the discharge of coins when the sensed coin moved to said predetermined location is the last coin in a preselected number.
  4. The coin sorter of claim 3 wherein said disc (13,359,402,802) is stopped in response to the sensing of said last coin, and then advanced slowly or intermittently until said last coin is discharged.
  5. The coin sorter of claim 1 which includes
    • counting means (200) connected to said sensing means (S1-S6) for separately counting the number of coins that enter each separate exit channel (350-355), and
    • control means (200;215,216;M1,M2;B) connected to said counting means for decelerating said disc when the last coin in a preselected count of coins of a selected denomination is in the exit channel for that denomination, and stopping the rotation of said disc when said last coin is discharged from its exit channel.
  6. The coin sorter of claim 3 or 5 wherein
    • said control means includes means (M1,M2,B) for momentarily stopping said disc when said last coin is sensed in its exit channel (350-355), and then advancing said disc through an angle sufficient to advance the trailing edge of said last coin from the sensing means in that exit channel to the periphery of said disc (13,359,402,802).
  7. The coin sorter of claim 1 wherein said sensing means (S1-S6) are spaced away from the exit ends of said exit channels (350-355).
  8. The coin sorter of claim 1 wherein said rotatable disc (13,359,402,802) has a resilient surface, and said sorting head is positioned close enough to said disc to press at least a portion of each coin into said resilient surface as the coin passes along its exit channel.
  9. The coin sorter of claim 1 wherein said sensing means (S1-S6) comprise proximity sensors mounted in said sorting head and generating electrical fields which extend downwardly from the lower ends of said sensors so that coins traversing the lower ends of said sensors interrupt the respective fields and thereby cause said sensors to generate corresponding output signals.
  10. The coin sorter of claim 9 wherein each of said coin sensors (S1-S6) is located along the outer edge of its exit channel (350-355), at a position where the field of said sensor is spaced radially outwardly from the outer edges of all coins which bypass that exit channel.
  11. The coin sorter of claim 10 which includes means (30-32) upstream of said exit channels (350-355) for positioning the outer edges of the coins of all denominations at the same radial position.
  12. The coin sorter of claim 1 wherein said control means (200,211,212,800-802) includes an encoder (212,800) for producing repetitive signals representing successive increments (211,802) of the actual angular displacement of said disc, and means (201) for storing a preselected number of said repetitive signals corresponding to the angular displacement of said disc required to advance a coin from the sensing means (S1-S6) in the exit channel for that coin to the discharge end of that exit channel (350-355).
  13. The coin sorter of claim 12 which includes counting means (201) for counting said repetitive signals after the sensing of said last coin, comparing the stored number with the actual count to determine when said last coin has been advanced to the discharge end of its exit channel (350-355), and stopping the rotation of said disc when said stored number and said actual count are the same.
  14. The coin sorter of claim 3 or 5 which includes
    • control means (215,216,M1,M2,B) connected to said counting means (201) for decelerating or stopping said disc when the last coin in a preselected count of coins of a selected denomination has been sensed in the exit channel for that denomination, and for advancing said disc at a slow speed until said last coin is discharged from its exit channel and then stopping said disc.
  15. The coin sorter of claim 14 wherein said control means comprises
    • a second coin sensor (400,403;411,412) adjacent the exit end of each exit channel (350-355) for sensing each successive coin discharged from that channel,
    • second counting means (201) connected to said second sensors for separately counting the number of coins discharged from each separate exit channel, and
    • means (215,216,M1,M2,B) responsive to said second counting means for stopping said disc in response to the discharge of said last coin.
  16. The coins sorter of claim 1 wherein side walls of each of said exit channels (350-355) are straight.
  17. A method of controlling the movement of coins between a stationary head (12) and a rotatable disc (13,359,402,802) having a resilient upper surface located beneath said head and close enough to the lowermost surfaces of the head to cause those surfaces to press the coins into said resilient surface, said method comprising the steps of:
    • guiding coins of different denominations through different exit channels (350-355) leading to different discharge stations around the periphery of said disc,
    • separately sensing each successive coin which enters each of said exit channels (350-355) while the coin is inboard of the outer periphery of said rotatable discs,
    • separately counting the number of coins that enter each separate exit channel,
    • decelerating said disc when the last coin in a preselected count of coins of a selected denomination is in the exit channel for that denomination, and
    • stopping the rotation of said disc when said last coin is discharged from its exit channel.
  18. The method of claim 17 which includes the step of advancing said disc through an angle sufficient to advance the trailing edge of said last coin from the coin sensor (S1-S6) in that exit channel (350-355) to the exit end of its exit channel.
  19. The method of claim 17 which includes the step of positioning the outer edges of the coins of all denominations at the same radial position upstream of said exit channels (350-355).
  20. The method of claim 17 which includes the step of producing repetitive signals representing successive increments of the actual angular displacement of said disc, and storing a preselected number of said repetitive signals corresponding to the angular displacement of said disc required to advance a coin from the coin sensor (S1-S6) in the exit channel (350-355) for that coin to the discharge end of that exit channel.
  21. The method of claim 20 which includes the steps of counting said repetitive signals after the sensing of said last coin, comparing the stored number with the actual count to determine when said last coin has been advanced to the discharge end of its exit channel, and stopping the rotation of said disc when said stored number and said actual count are the same.
  22. The method of claim 17 which includes the steps of sorting the coins of different denominations through different exit channels (350-355) leading to different discharge stations around the periphery of said disc, and
    • stopping the discharge of sorted coins of a selected denomination from the disc in response to the counting of the last sorted coin in a preselected count of coins of a selected denomination, and after the discharge of said last coin from the disc and before the discharge of the next coin of said selected denomination from the disc following said last coin.
  23. The method of claim 17 which includes the steps of sorting the coins of different denominations through different exit channels (350-355) leading to different discharge stations around the periphery of said disc,
    • sensing the position of a selected coin while the coin is on the disc and before the coin is discharged at a respective exit outside the periphery of the disc, and
    • tracking the position of the selected coin relative to said sensed position as the coin is carried on the disc.
  24. The method of claim 23 wherein said tracking step monitors the angular movement of said disc after the sensing of the selected coin.
  25. A coin sorter comprising
    • a rotatable disc (13,359,402,802),
    • a drive motor (14) for rotating said disc,
    • a stationary sorting head (12) having a lower surface parallel to the upper surface of said rotatable disc and spaced slightly therefrom,
    • the lower surface of said sorting head forming a plurality of exit channels (350-355) for guiding coins of different denominations to different discharge stations around the periphery of said disc,
    • a first coin sensor (S1-S6) within each exit channel (350-355) for sensing the presence of each successive coin in that channel,
    • first counting means (200) connected to said coin sensors for separately counting the number of coins sensed in each separate exit channel, and
    • control means (200;215,216,M1,M2,B) connected to said counting means for decelerating or stopping said disc when the last coin in a preselected count of coins of a selected denomination has been sensed in the exit channel for that denomination, and for advancing said disc at a slow speed until said last coin is discharged from its exit channel and then stopping said disc before the discharge of a next coin of said selected denomination from said disc following said last coin.
  26. The coin sorter of claim 25 wherein said control means comprises
    • a second coin sensor (400,403;411,412) adjacent the exit end of each exit channel (350-355) for sensing each successive coin discharged from that channel,
    • second counting means (201) connected to said second sensors for separately counting the number of coins discharged from each separate exit channel, and
    • means (215,216,M1,M2,B) responsive to said second counting means for stopping said disc in response to the discharge of said last coin.
  27. The coin sorter of claim 26 wherein said means for stopping said disc comprises a brake (B) for said rotatable disc, and means (215,216) for energizing said brake and deenergizing said drive motor (M1,M2) in response to the discharge of said last coin.
  28. The coin sorter of claim 25 wherein said rotatable disc (13,359,402,802) has a resilient surface, and said sorting head (12) is positioned close enough to said disc to press at least a portion of each coin into said resilient surface as the coin passes along its exit channel (350-355).
  29. The coin sorter of claim 25 wherein said drive motor (M1,M2) for said disc is an induction motor, and said means (215,216) for advancing said disc at a slow speed comprises means for supplying energizing pulses to said motor.
  30. The coin sorter of claim 25 wherein said first coin sensors (S1-S6) comprise proximity sensors mounted in said sorting head (12) and generating electrical fields which extend downwardly from the lower ends of said sensors so that coins traversing the lower ends of said sensors interrupt the respective fields and thereby cause said sensors to generate corresponding output signals.
  31. The coin sorter of claim 30 wherein each first coin sensor (S1-S6) is located along the outer edge of its exit channel (350-355), at a position where the field of said first coin sensor is spaced radially outwardly from the outer edges of all coins which bypass that exit channel.
  32. The coin sorter of claim 31 which includes means upstream of said exit channels for positioning the outer edges of the coins of all denominations at the same radial position.
  33. The coin sorter of claim 25 wherein said exit channels (350-355) are straight.
  34. A disc-type coin sorter for sorting coins of mixed denominations comprising:
    • a rotatable disc (13,359,402,802) for receiving said coins and imparting rotational movement to said coins,
    • a stationary sorting head (12) having a contoured surface spaced slightly away from and generally parallel to the upper surface of said rotatable disc,
    • means (M1,M2) for rotating said disc beneath said sorting head,
    • means (350-355) for sorting coins on said disc by denomination,
    • separate counting means (200) for sensing and counting the coins of each denomination after the sorting of said coins and while said coins are on the disc, and control means (200;215,216,M1,M2,B) responsive to the counting of the last sorted coin in a preselected count of coins of a selected denomination for stopping the discharge of sorted coins of said selected denomination from the disc after the discharge of said last coin from the disc and before the discharge of the next coin of said selected denomination from the disc following said last coin.
  35. A disc-type coin sorter comprising a stationary guide plate (12) having a contoured lower surface arranged slightly above a rotatable coin-carrying disc (13,359,402,802) for sorting coins and discharging said coins at respective exits outside the periphery of the disc according to coin denomination, at least one coin sensor (S1-S6) for sensing the position of a selected coin while the coin is on the disc and before the coin is discharged at a respective exit outside the periphery of the disc, and a coin-tracking encoder (212,800) responsive to the coin sensor (S1-S6) for tracking the position of the selected coin relative to said coin sensor as the coin is carried on the disc.
  36. The disc-type coin sorter of claim 35 wherein said coin-tracking encoder (212,800) monitors the angular movement of said disc (13,359,402,802) after the sensing of the selected coin by the coin sensor.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie destinée à trier par catégorie des pièces de monnaie mélangées, ledit appareil comprenant :
    • un disque rotatif (13, 359, 402, 802) comportant une surface élastique (16) destinée à recevoir lesdites pièces de monnaie et à imprimer un mouvement rotatif aux dites pièces de monnaie;
    • une tête de triage statique (12) comportant une surface de contour légèrement espacée de ladite surface élastique du dit disque rotatif, et de manière générale parallèle à celle-ci, ladite tête statique de triage comprenant des moyens (350-355) destinés à trier et à délivrer lesdites pièces de monnaie de différentes catégories à des sorties différentes situées autour de la périphérie de ladite tête statique de triage, lesdits moyens de triage et de livraison comprenant un canal de sortie séparé (350-355) pour chaque catégorie de pièces de monnaie; et
    • des moyens (S1 - S6) destinés à détecter chaque catégorie de pièces de monnaie, caractérisée en ce que lesdits moyens de détection (S1-S6) sont placés à un poste fixe de détection dans le canal de sortie (350-355) destiné à la catégorie concernée, et à l'intérieur de la périphérie extérieure du dit disque rotatif.
  2. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1 qui comprend :
    • des moyens (211, 212; 800 - 802; 200) destinés à contrôler le déplacement d'une pièce de monnaie détectée sur le disque en rotation en aval du dit poste de détection (S1 - S6) par contrôle du mouvement angulaire du dit disque (13, 359, 402, 802) afin de déterminer le moment où la pièce de monnaie détectée a été déplacée dans une position prédéterminée séparée en aval du dit poste de détection dans le sens du déplacement de la pièce de monnaie.
  3. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1 qui comprend des moyens (200) destinés à compter de manière séparée les pièces de monnaie détectées pour chaque catégorie de pièces, et des moyens (215, 216, M1, M6, B) destinés à interrompre la livraison de pièces de monnaie lorsque la pièce de monnaie détectée déplacée sur ledit emplacement prédéterminé est la dernière pièce de monnaie dans un nombre présélectionné.
  4. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 3 dans laquelle ledit disque (13, 359, 402, 802) est arrêté en réponse à la détection de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie, et est ensuite avancé de manière lente ou intermittente jusqu'à ce que ladite dernière pièce de monnaie soit délivrée.
  5. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1 qui comprend :
    • des moyens de comptage (200) connectés aux dits moyens de détection (S1 - S6) afin de compter de manière séparée le nombre de pièces de monnaie qui entre dans chaque canal de sortie indépendant (350-355), et
    • des moyens de commande (200, 215, 216, M1, M2, B) connectés aux dits moyens de comptage afin de ralentir ledit disque lorsque la dernière pièce de monnaie dans un comptage présélectionné de pièces de monnaie d'une catégorie sélectionnée de pièces de monnaie se trouve dans le canal de sortie destiné à cette catégorie, et destinés à arrêter la rotation du dit disque lorsque ladite dernière pièce de monnaie est délivrée à partir de son canal de sortie.
  6. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 3 ou la revendication 5, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de commande comprennent des moyens (M1, M2, B) destinés à arrêter momentanément ledit disque lorsque ladite dernière pièce de monnaie est détectée dans son canal de sortie (350-355), et ensuite à faire avancer ledit disque selon un angle suffisant pour faire avancer le bord de fuite de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie à partir des moyens de détection situés dans ce canal de sortie vers la périphérie du dit disque (13, 359, 402, 802).
  7. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de détection (S1 - S6) sont éloignés des extrémités de sortie des dits canaux de sortie (350 - 355).
  8. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit disque rotatif (13, 359, 402, 802) comporte une surface élastique, et ladite tête de triage est positionnée de manière suffisamment proche du dit disque afin de s'appuyer au moins sur une partie de chaque pièce de monnaie dans ladite surface élastique lorsque la pièce de monnaie passe le long de son canal de sortie.
  9. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de détection (S1 - S6) comprennent des détecteurs de proximité montés dans ladite tête de triage et générant des champs électriques qui s'étendent vers le bas à partir des extrémités inférieures des dits détecteurs, de sorte que des pièces de monnaie passant par les extrémités inférieures des dits détecteurs coupent lesdits champs et provoquent ainsi la génération de signaux de sortie correspondants de la part des dits détecteurs.
  10. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle chacun des dits détecteurs de pièces de monnaie (S1 - S6) est situé sur le bord extérieur de son canal de sortie (350 - 355), à une position dans laquelle le champ du dit détecteur est espacé radialement vers l'extérieur à partir des bords extérieurs de toutes les pièces de monnaie qui sont détournées de ce canal de sortie.
  11. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 10 qui comprend des moyens (30 - 32) situés en amont des dits canaux de sortie (350 - 355) afin de positionner les bords extérieurs de pièces de monnaie de toutes catégories dans la même position radiale.
  12. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de commande (200, 211, 212, 800 - 802) comprennent un codeur (212, 800) destiné à produire des signaux répétitifs représentant des incréments successifs (211, 802) du déplacement angulaire réel du dit disque, et des moyens (201) destinés à stocker un nombre présélectionné des dits signaux répétitifs correspondant au déplacement angulaire du dit disque nécessaire à l'avancement d'une pièce de monnaie en provenance des moyens de détection (S1 - S6) dans le canal de sortie destiné à cette pièce de monnaie vers l'extrémité de livraison de ce canal de sortie (350 - 355).
  13. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 12 qui comprend des moyens de comptage (201) destinés à compter lesdits signaux répétitifs après détection de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie, à comparer le nombre stocké avec le comptage réel afin de déterminer le moment où ladite dernière pièce de monnaie à été avancée à l'extrémité de livraison de son canal de sortie (350 - 355), et à arrêter la rotation du dit disque lorsque ledit nombre stocké et ledit comptage réel sont identiques.
  14. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon les revendications 3 ou 5, qui comprend :
    • des moyens de commande (215, 216, M1, M2, B) connectés aux dits moyens de comptage (201) destinés à ralentir ou à arrêter ledit disque lorsque la dernière pièce de monnaie d'un comptage de pièces de monnaie présélectionné d'une catégorie sélectionnée a été détectée dans le canal de sortie destiné à cette catégorie, et à faire avancer ledit disque à faible vitesse jusqu'à ce que ladite dernière pièce de monnaie soit délivrée à partir de son canal de sortie, et ensuite à arrêter ledit disque.
  15. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 14, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de commande comprennent :
    • un second détecteur de pièces de monnaie (400, 403; 411, 412) adjacent à l'extrémité de sortie de chaque canal de sortie (350 - 355) destiné à détecter chaque pièce de monnaie successive délivrée à partir de ce canal,
    • des seconds moyens de comptage (201) connectés aux dits seconds détecteurs destinés à compter de manière séparée le nombre de pièces de monnaie délivré à partir de chaque canal de sortie séparé, et
    • des moyens (215, 216, M1, M2, B) répondant aux dits seconds moyens de comptage destinés à arrêter ledit disque en réponse à la livraison de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie.
  16. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle des parois latérales de chacun des dits canaux de sortie (350 - 355) sont rectilignes.
  17. Procédé de commande du mouvement de pièces de monnaie entre une tête statique (12) et un disque rotatif (13, 359, 402, 802) comportant une surface supérieure élastique située en-dessous de ladite tête et suffisamment proche des surfaces les plus inférieures de la tête pour que ces surfaces provoquent l'appui des pièces de monnaie sur ladite surface élastique, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes de :
    • guidage de pièces de monnaie de différentes catégories dans différents canaux de sortie (350 - 355) menant à différents postes de livraison autour de la périphérie du dit disque,
    • détection séparée de chaque pièce de monnaie qui entre dans chacun des dits canaux de sortie (350 - 355) alors que la pièce de monnaie est à l'intérieur de la périphérie extérieure des dits disques rotatifs,
    • comptage séparé du nombre de pièces de monnaie qui entre dans chaque canal de sortie séparé,
    • ralentissement du dit disque lorsque la dernière pièce de monnaie d'un comptage présélectionné de pièces de monnaie d'une catégorie sélectionnée est dans le canal de sortie destiné à cette catégorie, et
    • arrêt de la rotation du dit disque lorsque ladite dernière pièce de monnaie est délivrée à partir de son canal de sortie.
  18. Procédé selon la revendication 17 qui comprend l'étape d'avancement du dit disque selon un angle suffisant pour faire avancer le bord de fuite de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie à partir du détecteur de pièces de monnaie (S1 - S6) dans ce canal de sortie (350 - 355) vers l'extrémité de sortie de son canal de sortie.
  19. Procédé selon la revendication 17 qui comprend l'étape de positionnement des bords extérieurs des pièces de monnaie de toutes catégories dans la même position radiale en amont des dits canaux de sortie (350 - 355).
  20. Procédé selon la revendication 17 qui comprend l'étape de production de signaux répétitifs représentant des incréments successifs du déplacement angulaire réel du dit disque, et de stockage d'un nombre présélectionné des dits signaux répétitifs correspondant au déplacement angulaire du dit disque nécessaire à l'avancement d'une pièce de monnaie à partir du détecteur de pièces de monnaie (S1 - S6) dans le canal de sortie (350 - 355) destiné à cette pièce de monnaie vers l'extrémité de livraison de ce canal de sortie.
  21. Procédé selon la revendication 20 qui comprend les étapes de comptage des dits signaux répétitifs après détection de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie, de comparaison du nombre stocké avec le comptage réel afin de déterminer le moment où ladite dernière pièce de monnaie à été avancée à l'extrémité de livraison de son canal de sortie (350 - 355), et d'arrêt de la rotation du dit disque lorsque ledit nombre stocké et ledit comptage réel sont identiques.
  22. Procédé selon la revendication 17 qui comprend les étapes de triage de pièces de monnaie de différentes catégories par l'intermédiaire de différents canaux de sortie (350 - 355) menant à différents postes de livraison autour de la périphérie du dit disque, et
    • d'arrêt de la livraison de pièces de monnaie triées d'une catégorie sélectionnée à partir du disque en réponse au comptage de la dernière pièce de monnaie triée dans un comptage présélectionné de pièces de monnaie d'une catégorie sélectionnée, et après la livraison de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie à partir du disque et avant la livraison de la pièce de monnaie suivante de ladite catégorie sélectionnée à partir du disque suivant ladite dernière pièce de monnaie.
  23. Procédé selon la revendication 17 qui comprend les étapes de triage de pièces de monnaie de différentes catégories au moyen de différents canaux de sortie (350 - 355) menant à différents postes de livraison autour de la périphérie du disque,
    • de détection de la position d'une pièce de monnaie sélectionnée alors que la pièce de monnaie est sur le disque et avant que la pièce de monnaie soit délivrée à une sortie respective à l'extérieur de la périphérie du disque, et
    • de poursuite de la position de la pièce de monnaie sélectionnée par rapport à ladite position détectée lorsque la pièce de monnaie est amenée sur le disque.
  24. Procédé selon la revendication 23, dans lequel ladite étape de poursuite contrôle le mouvement angulaire du dit disque après détection de la pièce de monnaie sélectionnée.
  25. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie comprenant :
    • un disque rotatif (13, 359, 402, 802),
    • un moteur d'entraînement (14) destiné à faire tourner ledit disque,
    • une tête de triage statique (12) comportant une surface inférieure parallèle à la surface supérieure du dit disque rotatif et légèrement espacée de celui-ci,
    • la surface inférieure de ladite tête de triage formant une pluralité de canaux de sortie (350 - 355) destinés à guider des pièces de monnaie de différentes catégories vers différents postes de livraison autour de la périphérie du dit disque,
    • un premier détecteur de pièces de monnaie (S1 - S6) à l'intérieur de chaque canal de sortie (350 - 355) destiné à détecter la présence de chaque pièce de monnaie successive dans ce canal,
    • des premiers moyens de comptage (200) connectés aux dits détecteurs de pièces de monnaie destinés à compter de manière séparée le nombre de pièces de monnaie détecté dans chaque canal de sortie séparé, et
    • des moyens de commande (200; 215, 216, M1, M2, B) connectés aux dits moyens de comptage destinés à ralentir ou à arrêter ledit disque lorsque la dernière pièce de monnaie d'un comptage de pièces de monnaie présélectionné d'une catégorie sélectionnée a été détectée dans le canal de sortie destiné à cette catégorie, et destinés à faire avancer ledit disque à faible vitesse jusqu'à ce que ladite dernière pièce de monnaie soit délivrée à partir de son canal de sortie, et ensuite à arrêter ledit disque avant la livraison d'une pièce de monnaie suivante de ladite catégorie sélectionnée à partir du dit disque suivant ladite dernière pièce de monnaie.
  26. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 25, dans laquelle lesdits moyens de commande comprennent :
    • un second détecteur de pièces de monnaie (400, 403; 411, 412) adjacent à l'extrémité de sortie de chaque canal de sortie (350 - 355) destiné à détecter chaque pièce successive délivrée à partir de ce canal,
    • des seconds moyens de comptage (201) connectés aux dits seconds détecteurs destinés à compter de manière séparée le nombre de pièces délivrées à partir de chaque canal de sortie séparé, et
    • des moyens (215, 216, M1, M2, B) répondant aux dits seconds moyens de comptage destinés à arrêter ledit disque en réponse à la livraison de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie.
  27. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 26, dans laquelle lesdits moyens destinés à arrêter ledit disque comprennent un frein (B) destiné au dit disque rotatif, et des moyens (215, 216) destinés à activer ledit frein et à désactiver ledit moteur d'entraînement (M1, M2) en réponse à la livraison de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie.
  28. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 25, dans laquelle ledit disque rotatif (13, 359, 402, 802) comporte une surface élastique, et dans laquelle ladite tête de triage (12) est positionnée suffisamment près du dit disque pour faire porter au moins une partie de chaque pièce de monnaie sur ladite surface élastique lorsque la pièce de monnaie passe le long de son canal de sortie (350 - 355).
  29. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 25, dans laquelle ledit moteur d'entraînement (M1, M2) destiné à entraîner ledit disque est un moteur à induction, et dans laquelle lesdits moyens (215, 216) destinés à faire avancer ledit disque à faible vitesse comprennent des moyens destinés à fournir des impulsions d'activation au dit moteur.
  30. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 25, dans laquelle lesdits premiers détecteurs de pièces de monnaie (S1 - S6) comprennent des détecteurs de proximité montés dans ladite tête de triage (12) et générant des champs électriques qui s'étendent vers le bas à partir des extrémités inférieures des dits détecteurs, de sorte que des pièces de monnaie passant par les extrémités inférieures des dits détecteurs coupent les champs respectifs et provoquent ainsi la génération de signaux de sortie correspondants de la part des dits détecteurs.
  31. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 30, dans laquelle chaque premier détecteur de pièces de monnaie (S1 - S6) est situé sur le bord extérieur de son canal de sortie (350 - 355), à une position dans laquelle le champ du dit premier détecteur de pièces de monnaie est espacé radialement vers l'extérieur à partir des bords extérieurs de toutes les pièces de monnaie qui sont détournées de ce canal de sortie.
  32. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 31 qui comprend des moyens situés en amont des dits canaux de sortie afin de positionner les bords extérieurs de pièces de monnaie de toutes catégories dans la même position radiale.
  33. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie selon la revendication 25, dans laquelle lesdits canaux de sortie (350 - 355) sont rectilignes.
  34. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie de type à disque destinée à trier des pièces de monnaie de catégories mélangées comprenant :
    • un disque rotatif (13, 359, 402, 802) destiné à recevoir lesdites pièces de monnaie et à imprimer un mouvement rotatif aux dites pièces de monnaie;
    • une tête de triage statique (12) comportant une surface en courbe légèrement espacée de la surface supérieure du dit disque rotatif, et de manière générale parallèle à celui-ci,
    • des moyens (M1 - M2) destinés à faire tourner ledit disque en-dessous de ladite tête de triage,
    • des moyens (350 - 355) destinés à trier par catégorie des pièces de monnaie sur ledit disque,
    • des moyens de comptage (200) séparée destinés à détecter et à compter les pièces de monnaie de chaque catégorie après triage des dites pièces de monnaie et alors que lesdites pièces de monnaie sont sur le disque, et des moyens de contrôle (200; 215, 216, M1, M2, B) répondant au comptage de la dernière pièce triée dans un comptage présélectionné de pièces de monnaie d'une catégorie sélectionnée, destinés à arrêter la livraison de pièces de monnaie triées de ladite catégorie sélectionnée en provenance du disque après la livraison de ladite dernière pièce de monnaie en provenance du disque et avant la livraison de la pièce de monnaie suivante de ladite catégorie sélectionnée en provenance du disque suivant ladite dernière pièce de monnaie.
  35. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie de type à disque comprenant une plaque de guidage (12) comportant une surface inférieure à contour aménagée légèrement au-dessus d'un disque de transport de pièces de monnaie rotatif (13, 359, 402, 802) destiné à trier des pièces de monnaie et à délivrer lesdites pièces de monnaie à des sorties respectives à l'extérieur de la périphérie du disque en fonction de la catégorie de pièce de monnaie, au moins un détecteur de pièces de monnaie (S1-S6) destiné à détecter la position d'une pièce de monnaie sélectionnée alors que la pièce de monnaie est sur le disque et avant que la pièce soit délivrée à une sortie respective à l'extérieur de la périphérie du disque, et un codeur d'alignement de pièces de monnaie (212, 800) répondant au détecteur de pièces de monnaie (S1 - S6) destiné à aligner la position de la pièce de monnaie sélectionnée par rapport au dit détecteur de pièces de monnaie lorsque la pièce de monnaie est transportée sur le disque.
  36. Trieuse de pièces de monnaie de type à disque selon la revendication 35, dans laquelle ledit codeur de poursuite de pièces de monnaie (212, 800) contrôle le mouvement angulaire du dit disque (13, 359, 402, 802) après détection par le détecteur de pièces de monnaie de la pièce de monnaie sélectionnée.






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