PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0533788 24.12.1998
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0533788
Titel LAUFMASCHENSICHERER SCHLÜPFER
Anmelder Sheer Lady International, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., US
Erfinder PATRICK, Alvin Jerome, Los Angeles, CA 90004, US;
PATRICK, Willie Herman, deceased, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69130504
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, LU, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 10.06.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 919114348
WO-Anmeldetag 10.06.1991
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9104090
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9119844
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 26.12.1991
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 31.03.1993
EP date of grant 18.11.1998
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 24.12.1998
IPC-Hauptklasse D04B 1/06
IPC-Nebenklasse A41B 11/00   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a run and tear resistant knit pattern and more particularly to a run and tear resistant knit pattern suitable for use in hosiery for women.

The problem of runs, snags and tears in pantyhose for women is well known throughout the world. The solution to the problem is especially difficult in that the problem is two-fold. The first aspect of the problem lies in the fact that nylon pantyhose have very limited elasticity. Thus, when a pair of nylon pantyhose is caught on a fingernail, piece of furniture, or any object, the nylon material does not stretch to allow the wearer time to free herself from the object, but rather, the nylon material immediately snags. The second aspect of the problem then becomes immediately apparent to the pantyhose wearer. Any type of tear or snag in the nylon material immediately results in a run in the pantyhose because the knit of the material does not allow the material to stop the run. The run in the pantyhose ruins the pantyhose. The replacement of the pantyhose each time the pantyhose are snagged is an expensive process.

Attempts have been made to overcome this expensive problem. One attempt to solve the problem resulted in the use of a thicker yarn in the knitting of the pantyhose. However, the pantyhose knit from the thicker yarn are thick in texture and dull in surface finish. Furthermore, the pantyhose do not have the desired sheerness of nylon pantyhose. Other attempts to solve the problem of runs in pantyhose resulted in pantyhose which do not stretch and re-conform to the shape of the leg. These pantyhose also sag after short periods of time because of their lack of elasticity.

Therefore, a need exists for pantyhose which are snag, tear and run resistant. The pantyhose must further be capable of stretching to a certain degree and reforming to the original shape. Moreover, the pantyhose must have the lustrous surface finish desired by women today.

In the prior art, FR-A-2054082, US-A-4494388 and US-A-4412433 disclose knit patterns.

According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a knit pattern comprising:

  • a first yarn course extending horizontally across the pattern, the first yarn course being knit by repeatedly alternating a face loop stitch with a tuck stitch, each of the face loop and the tuck stitches being in a separate vertical column;
  • a second yarn course extending horizontally across the pattern above the first yarn course, the second yarn course being knit into the first yarn course by a plurality of face loop stitches, each of the face loop stitches being in a separate column;
  • a third yarn course extending horizontally across the pattern above the second yarn course, the third yarn course being knit into the second yarn course by repeatedly alternating a face loop stitch with a tuck stitch, each of the face loop and tuck stitches being in a separate column so that each of the face loop stitches of the third yarn course is aligned in the same column with each of the tuck stitches of the first yarn course; and
  • a fourth yarn course extending horizontally across the pattern above the third yarn course, the fourth yarn course being knit into the third yarn course by a plurality of face loop stitches, each of the face loop stitches being in a separate column.

The knit pattern of the first aspect of the present invention does not run when the material is either cut or torn. The knit pattern may utilize certain yarn material so as to be elasticized with a lustrous finish. The knit pattern, although best suitable for hosiery for women, may also be used for any other type of textile in which the run and tear resistant features are desired.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a knitted fabric comprising an arrangement of yarns in accordance with the first aspect of the present invention.

According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a pair of hosiery comprising a panty section and two leg sections, each leg section being knit into the lower section of the panty section to form the pair of hosiery, wherein the leg sections are knit from a pattern in accordance with the first aspect of the present invention.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of knitting a four-yarn course structure, wherein a plurality of yarn courses extend horizontally across the structure, and a plurality of columns extend vertically down the structure, the method comprising the steps of:

  • knitting a first yarn course by repeatedly alternating a face loop stitch with a tuck stitch, each of the stitches being in a separate column;
  • knitting a second yarn course into the first yarn course by a plurality of consecutive face loop stitches, each of the stitches being in a separate column;
  • knitting a third yarn course into the second yarn course by repeatedly alternating a tuck stitch with a face loop stitch, each of the stitches being in a separate column so that each of the face loop stitches of the first yarn course is in the same column as each of the tuck stitches of the third yarn course; and
  • knitting a fourth yarn course into the third yarn course by a plurality of face loop stitches, each of the face loop stitches being in a separate column.

Embodiments of the present invention can provide: a knit pattern which resists runs in the knit material and is therefore suitable for use in hosiery for women; a non-run pantyhose with increased elasticity; a non-run pantyhose with the capability of reforming itself to its original shape after being stretched out of shape; and a non-run pantyhose with a smooth lustrous finish.

For a better understanding of the invention, and to show how the same may be carried into effect, reference will now be made, by way of example only, to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of pantyhose in accordance with the third aspect of the invention on a model;
  • FIG. 2 is a representation of the symbols which represent the four types of stitches used in certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 3A is a symbolic representation of a knit pattern used for the leg section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 3B is a detailed representation of the knit pattern used for the leg section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 4A is a symbolic representation of the knit pattern used for the thigh section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 4B is a detailed representation of the knit pattern used for the thigh section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 5A is a symbolic representation of the knit pattern used for the toe section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 5B is a detailed representation of the knit pattern used for the toe section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 6A is a symbolic representation of the knit pattern used for the panty section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 6B is a detailed representation of the knit pattern used for the panty section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 7A is a symbolic representation of the knit pattern used for the waistband section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 7B is a detailed representation of the knit pattern used for the waistband section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 8A is a symbolic representation of the knit pattern used for the crotch section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention;
  • FIG. 8B is a detailed representation of the knit pattern used for the crotch section of a pair of hosiery in accordance with the third aspect of the invention; and
  • FIG. 9 is a representation of the mechanically kinked yarn used in the present invention.

Referring now to Fig. 1, a pair of pantyhose 12 using a non-run knit pattern of the present invention is shown. As seen in FIG. 1, the pantyhose 12 is divided into six different sections: a leg section 14, a thigh section 16, a toe section 18, a panty section 20, a waistband section 22, and a crotch section 24. In one embodiment of the pantyhose, the leg section 14, thigh section 16, and toe section 18 are run and tear resistant. This non-run feature is possible through the use of the unique knit patterns of the present invention which will be more fully described herein.

Referring now to FIG. 2, the symbolic representations for four types of stitches used in the knit patterns of the present invention are shown. As shown, a face loop stitch 26 is represented by an "X". A back loop stitch 28 is represented by an "O". A tuck stitch 30 is represented by an "&circlef;". A float stitch 32 is represented by a blank square.

The four types of stitches shown in FIG. 2 are known in the art. However, in order to more fully describe the present invention, a brief description of the four types of knit stitches follows. The face loop stitch 26 is an open-ended loop which loops over a loop formed in the yarn immediately above the yarn being knit. The face loop stitch 26 is best shown in detail in FIG. 6B. The back loop stitch 28 is also an open-ended loop. The back loop stitch 28, however, loops behind a loop formed in the yarn immediately above the yarn being knit. The back loop stitch 28 is best shown in FIG. 8B. The tuck stitch 30 involves interlacing the yarn being stitched behind the stitch from the yarn immediately below the yarn being knit. Therefore, the yarn being knit is tucked behind another stitch. The tuck stitch 30 is best shown in FIG. 7B. The float stitch 32 requires skipping a stitch and allowing the yarn being knit to lay over the front of the stitch from the yarn immediately below the yarn being knit. The float stitch 32 is best shown in FIG. 7B.

Referring now to FIG. 3A, a symbolic representation of the non-run knit pattern 34 is shown. FIG. 3B shows the knit pattern 34 in detail. In the symbolic representation of FIG. 3A, each yarn course is represented by a horizontal row. Thus, numbers 1 to 4 represent four separate yarn courses. Each yarn course comes from a separate spool of yarn during the knitting process. Each square going across the row represents a different stitch for the yarn course. For purposes of explanation of the symbolic representations of the knit patterns only, the vertically aligned rows of stitches for the different yarn courses will be referred to as columns.

Referring again to FIG. 3A, the non-run knit pattern 34 utilizes four separate yarn feeds for the four separate courses. Therefore, the knit pattern may be referred to as a four-yarn feed structure. A first yarn course 36 is knit with a face loop stitch 26, followed by a tuck stitch 30. This sequence of stitches is repeated for the first yarn course 36 throughout the knit pattern 34. A second yarn course 38 is knit together with the first yarn course 36 with consecutive face loop stitches 26. A third yarn course 40 is knit together with the second yarn course 38 with a face loop stitch 26 alternating with a tuck stitch 30. This sequence of alternating stitches is followed by the third yarn course 40 throughout the knit pattern 34. However, as best shown in FIG. 3A, each of the face loop stitches of the third yarn course 40 is vertically aligned and in the same column as each of the tuck stitches of the first yarn course 36. The unique knit pattern 34 provides the non-run feature of the present invention. If any of the yarn courses in the knit pattern 34 are cut or torn, the knit pattern allows the surrounding stitches to prevent the fabric from running.

Referring now to FIG. 3B, the knit pattern 34 is shown in detail. The knit pattern represented in FIG. 3B is preferably used in the leg section 14 of the pantyhose 12. The first and second yarn courses 36 and 40 are shown as an elastomeric yarn. Preferably, the elastomeric yarn is a Lycra material with triangular particles of nylon attached to the surface of the yarn. The use of elastomeric yarn for the first and third yarn courses 36 and 40 is an important preferred feature in the use of the knit pattern 34 in non-run pantyhose 12. The elastomeric yarn provides an elasticized and spring effect for the pantyhose 12. Therefore, should the pantyhose 12 snag on an object, the pantyhose will stretch to a certain degree before snagging to allow the wearer to free the pantyhose from the object. This feature therefore prevents both snags, tears, and the subsequent runs in the pantyhose. The elastomeric yarn also allows the pantyhose 12 to re-conform to the shape of the leg after being stretched out of shape.

If Lycra material is used as the elastomeric yarn, the pantyhose will be capable of stretching approximately 150% will and still regain its original shape. Furthermore, the Lycra material with attached nylon particles provides a smooth and lustrous surface for the pantyhose 12. The second and fourth yarn courses 38 and 40 of the knit pattern 34 shown in FIG. 3B are preferably a nylon material.

Referring now to FIG. 4A, the symbolic representation for the knit pattern for the thigh section 16 of the pantyhose 12 is shown. FIG. 4B shows the knit pattern in detail. The knit pattern in the thigh section 16 is the same knit pattern 34 used in the leg section 14. As shown in FIG. 4B, the first and third yarn courses 36 and 40 are also preferably an elastomeric material. The second and fourth yarn courses 38 and 42 are preferably nylon material.

Referring now to FIG. 5A, the symbolic representation for the knit pattern used in the toe section 18 of the pantyhose 12 is shown. FIG. 4B shows the knit pattern for the toe section 18 in greater detail. The knit pattern is the same knit pattern 34 used in the leg section 14. However, as shown in FIG. 5B, in the toe section 18 of the pantyhose 12, the first and third yarn courses 36 and 40 are preferably a coarse, non-elastomeric yarn. The second and fourth yarn courses 38 and 42 are preferably a nylon material.

FIG. 6A shows the symbolic representation for a knit pattern 44 for the panty section 20 of the pantyhose 12. FIG. 6B shows the knit pattern 44 for the panty section 20 in detail. The knit pattern 44 utilizes a first yarn course 46 and a second yarn course 48. The two course yarns 46 and 48 are knit together with consecutive face loop stitches. As shown in FIG. 6B, the second yarn course is preferably an elastomeric material. The elastomeric material allows the fabric to stretch and reform to its original shape.

FIG. 7A shows the symbolic representation of a knit pattern 50 for the waistband section 22 of the pantyhose 12. FIG. 7B shows the knit pattern 50 in detail. The knit pattern 50 uses a first 52, a second 54, and a third 56 yarn course. The first and second yarn courses 52 and 54 are knit together in consecutive face loop stitches. The third yarn course 56 is knit together with the second yarn course 54 by alternating the tuck stitch 30 and the float stitch 32. This sequence is repeated throughout the knit pattern 50. The third yarn course 56 may be referred to as an inlay yarn because it is knit throughout every second yarn course in the knit pattern 50. In the preferred embodiment of the pantyhose 12, the third yarn course 56 is an elastomeric yarn. The elastomeric yarn is preferably a Lycra material with triangular particles of nylon attached to the surface of the yarn. Several Lycra materials with nylon triangular particles known in the art may be utilized, for example, 20-11/5 Lycra DuPont TM yarn may be used. The third yarn course 56 therefore provides both elasticity and surface shine to the waistband section 22.

Referring now to FIG. 8A, a symbolic representation of the knit pattern 58 used for the crotch section 24 of the pantyhose 12 is shown. FIG. 8B shows the knit pattern 58 in detail. The knit pattern 58 is known in the art as a double-knit. Therefore two sets of needles are required for the knit pattern 58. The two sets of needles include a dial needle set and a cylinder needle set. The dial needle set is at a right angle with the cylinder needle during the knitting process. Therefore, the dial needle stitches vertically and the cylinder needle stitches horizontally. The use of the two sets of needles allows the fabric knit to have two faces. Therefore, in the crotch section 24, one face of the knit pattern primarily shows a cotton material and the other face primarily shows a nylon material.

FIG. 8A shows the stitches used by the dial and the cylinder needles in the knit pattern 58. The knit pattern 58 requires a first 60, a second 62, and a third 64 yarn course. The first yarn course 60 is used by the dial needle to stitch consecutive face loop stitches and by the cylinder needle to stitch consecutive back loop stitches. The second yarn course 62 is used by the dial needle to stitch consecutive face loop stitches and by the cylinder needle to stitch consecutive back loop stitches. The third yarn course 64 is used by the dial needle to stitch consecutive float stitches and by the cylinder needle to stitch consecutive tuck stitches. Preferably, the first yarn course 60 is a cotton material. If the cotton material is used, one face of the knit pattern 58 primarily shows a cotton material.

Although the knit patterns 44, 50 and 58 are not non-run knit patterns, the patterns 44, 50 and 58 provide the features of increased strength and elasticity desired for the sections of the pantyhose 12 in which they are used.

Referring now to FIG. 9, an important feature of certain embodiments of the present invention is shown. As shown in FIG. 9, the yarn used in the knit patterns 34, 44, 50 and 58 is mechanically kinked before knitting. A kinked yarn 66 provides for greater friction between the yarns in the knit patterns. Moreover, the kinked yarn 66 provides greater tolerance and flexibility to the knit pattern under stress. This increased friction further prevents snags and runs in the knit material.

The knit pattern 34 is also suitable for other applications besides pantyhose for women. The non-run knit pattern 34 may be used in any type of textile or for any application in which the non-run feature of the fabric is required.

Having thus described exemplary embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted by those skilled in the art that these are exemplary only and that various other alternatives, adaptations and modifications may be made within the scope of the invention. Thus by way of example, but not of limitation, the knit pattern 34 may be used to knit all six sections of the pantyhose. Alternatively, certain knit patterns may utilize varying combinations of yarn material instead of the materials specified. Furthermore, additional yarn courses may be used in the knit patterns in order to provide varying features to the knit fabric. For example, yarn courses of different colours, elasticity, or lustre may be included to add their respective features to the knit fabric.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Strickmuster, umfassend
    • eine erste Garnreihe (36), quer durch das Muster verlaufend, wobei die erste Garnreihe gestrickt ist durch immer abwechselnd eine Rechts- (26) und eine Fangmasche (30), wobei jede Rechtsmasche (26) und jede Fangmasche (30) in einer eigenen Längsspalte sind;
    • eine zweite Garnreihe (38), quer durch das Muster verlaufend über der ersten Garnreihe, wobei die zweite Garnreihe in die erste Garnreihe eingestrickt ist durch eine Anzahl Rechtsmaschen (26) und jede Rechtsmasche in einer eigenen Spalte ist;
    • eine dritte Garnreihe (40), quer durch das Muster verlaufend über der zweiten Garnreihe, wobei die dritte Garnreihe in die zweite Garnreihe (38) eingestrickt ist durch immer abwechselnd eine Rechtsmasche (26) und eine Fangmasche (30), wobei jede Rechtsmasche (26) und jede Fangmasche (30) in einer eigenen Spalte sind, so dass jede Rechtsmasche (26) der dritten Garnreihe (40) in der gleichen Spalte angeordnet ist wie die jeweilige Fangmasche (30) der ersten Garnreihe (36); und
    • eine vierte Garnreihe (42), quer durch das Muster verlaufend über der dritten Garnreihe (40), wobei die vierte Garnreihe (42) in die dritte Garnreihe (40) eingestrickt ist durch eine Anzahl Rechtsmaschen (26) und jede Rechtsmasche in einer eigenen Spalte ist.
  2. Strickmuster nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Garnreihe (36) aus einem elastomeren Garn ist.
  3. Strickmuster nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die dritte Garnreihe (40) aus einem elastomeren Garn ist.
  4. Strickmuster nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei das elastomere Garn ein Lycramaterial-Garn ist mit einer Anzahl Nylonteilchen, befestigt auf der Oberfläche des Garns.
  5. Strickmuster nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste (36) und dritte (40) Garnreihe aus einem groben, nicht-elastomeren Garn sind.
  6. Strickmuster nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die zweite Garnreihe (38) aus einem Nylongarn ist.
  7. Strickmuster nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die vierte Garnreihe (42) aus einem Nylongarn ist.
  8. Strickmuster nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei alle Garnreihen aus einem verschlungenen Garn sind.
  9. Strickgewebe, umfassend eine Anordnung von Garnen nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche.
  10. Strumpfpaar, umfassend ein Hosenteil (20) und zwei Beinteile (14), wobei jedes Beinteil in den unteren Bereich des Hosenteils eingestrickt ist, so dass ein Strumpfpaar entsteht, wobei die Beinteile (14) nach einem Muster nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 8 gestrickt sind.
  11. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 10, weiter umfassend zwei Oberschenkelbereiche (16), angeordnet am oberen Ende des jeweiligen Beinteils (14) und gestrickt nach einem Muster nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8.
  12. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, umfassend zwei Zehenteile (18), angeordnet am unteren Ende des jeweiligen Beinteils und gestrickt nach einem Muster nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8.
  13. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 10, 11 oder 12, wobei das Hosenteil (20) nach einem Hosenteil-Strickmuster aus zwei Garnreihen (46, 48) gestrickt ist, die durch aufeinander folgende Rechtsmaschen zusammengestrickt sind.
  14. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 13, wobei jede zweite Garnreihe des Hosenteil-Strickmusters aus einem elastomeren Garn ist.
  15. Strumpfpaar nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 14, umfassend ein Gürtelteil, eingestrickt in den oberen Bereich des Hosenteils (20) und gestrickt nach einem Gürtelteil-Strickmuster (50) aus drei Garnreihen, wobei die drei Garnreihen eine erste (52) und eine zweite (54) Garnreihe umfassen, zusammengestrickt durch aufeinander folgenden Rechtsmaschen, und eine dritte Garnreihe (56), eingestrickt in die zweite Garnreihe durch abwechselnd Fang- und Laufmaschen.
  16. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 15, wobei die dritte Garnreihe (56) des Gürtelteils aus einem elastomeren Garn ist.
  17. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 16, wobei die dritte Garnreihe (56) des Gürtelteils ein Lycramaterial ist mit einer Anzahl Nylonteilchen, befestigt auf der Oberfläche des Garns.
  18. Strumpfpaar nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche 10 bis 17, wobei das Hosenteil (20) einen Gabelbereich (24) umfaßt, der aus einem Doppelstrickmuster (58) ist.
  19. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 18, wobei das Doppelstrickmuster (58) aus einem ersten und einem zweiten Satz Nadeln gestrickt wird und der erste und zweite Satz Nadeln während des Strickverfahrens zueinander im 90-Grad-Winkel sind.
  20. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 19, wobei das Doppelstrickmuster (58) eine erste (60), eine zweite (62) und eine dritte (64) Garnreihe verwendet und wobei die erste Garnreihe auf der ersten Nadel zu fortlaufenden Rechtsmaschen gestrickt wird und auf der zweiten Nadel zu fortlaufenden Rückmaschen, die zweite Garnreihe auf der ersten Nadel zu fortlaufenden Rechtsmaschen und auf der zweiten Nadel zu fortlaufenden Rückmaschen gestrickt wird und die dritte Garnreihe auf der ersten Nadel zu fortlaufenden Laufmaschen gestrickt wird und auf der zweiten Nadel zu fortlaufenden Fangmaschen.
  21. Strumpfpaar nach Anspruch 20, wobei die erste Garnreihe (60) aus einem Baumwollmaterial ist.
  22. Verfahren zum Stricken einer 4-Garnreihen-Struktur, wobei eine Anzahl Garnreihen quer durch die Struktur verlaufen und eine Anzahl Spalten längs durch die Struktur verlaufen, wobei das Verfahren die Schritte umfaßt:
    • Stricken einer ersten Garnreihe (36), indem immer zwischen einer Rechtsmasche (26) und einer Fangmasche (30) abgewechselt wird und jede Masche in einer eigenen Spalte ist;
    • Stricken einer zweiten Garnreihe (38) in die erste Garnreihe durch eine Anzahl aufeinander folgender Rechtsmaschen, wobei jede Masche in einer eigenen Spalte ist;
    • Stricken einer dritten Garnreihe (40) in die zweite Garnreihe, indem wiederholt zwischen einer Fangmasche (40) und einer Rechtsmasche (26) abgewechselt wird und jede der Maschen in einer eigenen Spalte ist, so dass alle Rechtsmaschen der ersten Garnreihe in der gleichen Spalte sind wie die Fangmaschen der dritten Garnreihe; und
    • Stricken einer vierten Garnreihe (42) in die dritte Garnreihe durch eine Anzahl Rechtsmaschen (26), wobei jede Rechtsmasche in einer eigenen Spalte ist.
  23. Verfahren nach Anspruch 22, umfassend den Schritt des mechanischen Kinkens aller Garnreihen vor dem Stricken der Struktur.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A knit pattern comprising:
    • a first yarn course (36) extending horizontally across the pattern, the first yarn course being knit by repeatedly alternating a face loop stitch (26) with a tuck stitch (30), each of the face loop (26) and the tuck stitches (30) being in a separate vertical column;
    • a second yarn course (38) extending horizontally across the pattern above the first yarn course, the second yarn course being knit into the first yarn course by a plurality of face loop stitches (26), each of the face loop stitches being in a separate column;
    • a third yarn course (40) extending horizontally across the pattern above the second yarn course, the third yarn course being knit into the second yarn course (38) by repeatedly alternating a face loop stitch (26) with a tuck stitch (30), each of the face loop (26) and tuck stitches (30) being in a separate column so that each of the face loop stitches (26) of the third yarn course (40) is aligned in the same column with each of the tuck stitches (30) of the first yarn course (36); and
    • a fourth yarn course (42) extending horizontally across the pattern above the third yarn course (40), the fourth yarn course (42) being knit into the third yarn (40) course by a plurality of face loop stitches (26), each of the face loop stitches being in a separate column.
  2. A knit pattern according to claim 1, wherein the first yarn course (36) is comprised of an elastomeric yarn.
  3. A knit pattern according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the third yarn course (40) is comprised of an elastomeric yarn.
  4. A knit pattern according to claim 2 or 3, wherein the elastomeric yarn is a Lycra material yarn with a plurality of nylon particles attached to the surface of the yarn.
  5. A knit pattern according to claim 1, wherein the first (36) and third (40) yarn courses are comprised of a coarse, non-elastomeric yarn.
  6. A knit pattern according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the second yarn course (38) is comprised of a nylon yarn.
  7. A knit pattern according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the fourth yarn course (42) is comprised of a nylon yarn.
  8. A knit pattern according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein each of the yarn courses is comprised of a kinked yarn.
  9. A knitted fabric comprising an arrangement of yarns as claimed in any preceding claim.
  10. A pair of hosiery comprising a panty section (20) and two leg sections (14), each leg section being knit into the lower section of the panty section to form the pair of hosiery, wherein the leg sections (14) are knit from a pattern according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
  11. A pair of hosiery according to claim 10, further comprising two thigh sections (16), each located at the upper end of a respective leg section (14) and being knit from a pattern according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
  12. A pair of hosiery according to claim 10 or claim 11, comprising two toe sections (18), each located at the lower end of a respective leg section and being knit from a pattern according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
  13. A pair of hosiery according to claim 10, 11 or 12, wherein the panty section (20) is knit from a panty section knit pattern of two yarn courses (46, 48) knit together in consecutive face loop stitches.
  14. A pair of hosiery according to claim 13, wherein every other yarn course of the panty section knit pattern is comprised of an elastomeric yarn.
  15. A pair of hosiery according to any one of claims 10 to 14, comprising a waistband section knit into an upper portion of said panty section (20) and being knit from a waistband knit pattern (50) of three yarn courses, wherein the three yarn courses comprise a first (52) and a second (54) yarn course knit together into consecutive face loop stitches and a third yarn course (56) knit into the second yarn course in alternating tuck and float stitches.
  16. A pair of hosiery according to claim 15, wherein the third yarn course (56) of the waistband section is comprised of an elastomeric yarn.
  17. A pair of hosiery according to claim 16, wherein the third yarn course (56) of the waistband section is a Lycra material with a plurality of nylon particles attached to the surface of the yarn.
  18. A pair of hosiery according to any one of claims 10 to 17, wherein the panty section (20) comprises a crotch section, the crotch section (24) being a double-knit pattern (58).
  19. A pair of hosiery according to claim 18, wherein the double-knit pattern (58) is knit from a first and a second set of needles, and wherein the first and second sets of needles are disposed at a 90 degree angle to each other during the knitting process.
  20. A pair of hosiery according to claim 19, wherein the double-knit pattern (58) uses a first (60), second (62) and a third (64) yarn course, and wherein the first yarn course is knit into consecutive face loops on the first needle and consecutive back loops on the second needle, the second yarn course is knit into consecutive face loops on the first needle and consecutive back loops on the second needle, and the third yarn course is knit into consecutive float stitches on the first needle and consecutive tuck stitches on the second needle.
  21. A pair of hosiery according to claim 20, wherein the first yarn course (60) is comprised of a cotton material.
  22. A method of knitting a four-yarn course structure, wherein a plurality of yarn courses extend horizontally across the structure, and a plurality of columns extend vertically down the structure, the method comprising the steps of:
    • knitting a first yarn course (36) by repeatedly alternating a face loop stitch (26) with a tuck stitch (30), each of the stitches being in a separate column;
    • knitting a second yarn course (38) into the first yarn course by a plurality of consecutive face loop stitches, each of the stitches being in a separate column;
    • knitting a third yarn course (40) into the second yarn course by repeatedly alternating a tuck stitch (40) with a face loop stitch (26), each of the stitches being in a separate column so that each of the face loop stitches of the first yarn course is in the same column as each of the tuck stitches of the third yarn course; and
    • knitting a fourth yarn course (42) into the third yarn course by a plurality of face loop stitches (26), each of the face loop stitches being in a separate column.
  23. A method according to claim 22, comprising the step of mechanically kinking each of the yarn courses before knitting the structure.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Motif de tricotage comprenant :
    • un premier rang de fil (36) qui s'étend horizontalement dans le motif, le premier rang de fil étant tricoté par alternance répétée d'une maille bouclette endroit (26) et d'une maille chargée (30), chacune des mailles bouclettes (26) et des mailles chargées (30) étant dans une colonne verticale distincte,
    • un deuxième rang de fil (38) qui s'étend horizontalement dans le motif au-dessus du premier rang de fil, le deuxième rang de fil étant tricoté dans le premier rang de fil par une pluralité de mailles bouclettes endroit (26), chacune des mailles bouclettes endroit étant dans une colonne distincte,
    • un troisième rang de fil (40) qui s'étend horizontalement dans le motif au-dessus du deuxième rang de fil, le troisième rang de fil étant tricoté dans le deuxième rang de fil (38) par alternance répétée d'une maille bouclette endroit (26) et d'une maille chargée (30), chacune des mailles bouclettes endroit (26) et des mailles chargées (30) étant dans une colonne distincte de sorte que chacune des mailles bouclettes endroit (26) du troisième rang de fil (40) est alignée dans la même colonne que chacune des mailles chargées (30) du premier rang de fil (36), et
    • un quatrième rang de fil (42) qui s'étend horizontalement dans le motif au-dessus du troisième rang de fil (40), le quatrième rang de fil (42) étant tricoté dans le troisième rang de fil (40) par une pluralité de mailles bouclettes endroit (26), chacune des mailles bouclettes endroit étant dans une colonne distincte.
  2. Motif de tricotage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier rang de fil (36) est fait d'un fil en élastomère.
  3. Motif de tricotage selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le troisième rang de fil (40) est fait d'un fil en élastomère.
  4. Motif de tricotage selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel le fil en élastomère est un fil en Lycra®, avec une pluralité de particules de Nylon® fixées à la surface du fil.
  5. Motif de tricotage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les premier (36) et troisième (40) rangs de fil sont fait d'un fil assez gros, non élastomère.
  6. Motif de tricotage selon l'une quelconque des précédentes revendications, dans lequel le deuxième rang de fil (38) est fait d'un fil de Nylon®.
  7. Motif de tricotage selon l'une quelconque des précédentes revendications, dans lequel le quatrième rang de fil (42) est fait d'un fil de Nylon®.
  8. Motif de tricotage selon l'une quelconque des précédentes revendications, dans lequel tous les rangs de fil sont faits d'un fil vrillé.
  9. Tissu tricoté comprenant un agencement de fils selon l'une quelconque des précédentes revendications.
  10. Paire de collants comprenant une partie formant culotte (20) et deux parties formant jambes (14), chaque partie formant jambe étant tricotée dans la région inférieure de la partie formant culotte pour former la paire de collants, dans laquelle les parties formant jambes (14) sont tricotées selon un motif conforme à l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8.
  11. Paire de collants selon la revendication 10, comprenant en outre deux parties formant cuisses (16), situées chacune en l'extrémité supérieure d'une partie formant jambe respective (14) et tricotées selon un motif conforme à l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8.
  12. Paire de collants selon la revendication 10 ou la revendication 11, comprenant en outre deux parties formant pointes de pied (18), situées chacune en l'extrémité inférieure d'une partie formant jambe respective (14) et tricotées selon un motif conforme à l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8.
  13. Paire de collants selon la revendication 10, 11 ou 12, dans laquelle la partie formant culotte (20) est tricotée selon un motif de tricotage de culotte comprenant deux rangs de fil (46, 48) tricotés ensemble en des mailles bouclettes endroit consécutives.
  14. Paire de collants selon la revendication 13, dans laquelle un rang de fil sur deux du motif de tricotage de culotte est fait d'un fil en élastomère.
  15. Paire de collants selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 14, comprenant une bande de taille tricotée dans la partie supérieure de ladite partie formant culotte (20) selon un motif (50) de tricotage de bande de taille fait de trois rangs de fil, dans lequel les trois rangs de fil comprennent un premier rang (52) et un deuxième rang (54) tricotés ensemble en des mailles bouclettes endroit consécutives et un troisième rang de fil (56) tricoté dans le deuxième rang de fil en une alternance de mailles chargées et de mailles flottées.
  16. Paire de collants selon la revendication 15, dans laquelle le troisième rang de fil (56) de la bande de taille est fait d'un fil en élastomère.
  17. Paire de collants selon la revendication 16, dans laquelle le troisième rang de fil (56) de la bande de taille est du Lycra® avec une pluralité de particules de Nylon® fixées à la surface du fil.
  18. Paire de collants selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 17, dans laquelle la partie formant culotte (20) comprend une région d'entre-jambes, ladite région d'entre-jambes (24) étant faite selon un motif (58) de tricotage double.
  19. Paire de collants selon la revendication 18, dans laquelle le motif (58) de tricotage double est tricoté à partir d'un premier jeu et d'un deuxième jeu d'aiguilles, et dans laquelle le premier jeu et le deuxième jeu d'aiguilles sont disposés à 90° l'un de l'autre pendant le tricotage.
  20. Paire de collants selon la revendication 19, dans laquelle le motif (58) de tricotage double utilise un premier rang (60), un deuxième rang (62) et un troisième rang (64) de fil, et dans laquelle le premier rang de fil est tricoté en des mailles bouclettes endroit consécutives sur la première aiguille et en des mailles bouclettes envers consécutives sur la deuxième aiguille, le deuxième rang de fil est tricoté en des mailles bouclettes endroit consécutives sur la première aiguille et en des mailles bouclettes envers consécutives sur la deuxième aiguille, et le troisième rang de fil est tricoté en des mailles flottées consécutives sur la première aiguille et en des mailles chargées consécutives sur la deuxième aiguille.
  21. Paire de collants selon la revendication 20, dans laquelle le premier rang de fil (60) est en coton.
  22. Procédé de tricotage d'une structure à quatre rangs de fil. dans lequel une pluralité de rangs de fils s'étendent horizontalement dans la structure et une pluralité de colonnes s'étendent verticalement dans la structure, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    • tricoter un premier rang de fil (36) par alternance répétée d'une maille bouclette endroit (26) et d'une maille chargée (30), chacune des mailles étant dans une colonne distincte,
    • tricoter un deuxième rang de fil (38) dans le premier rang de fil par une pluralité de mailles bouclettes endroit consécutives. chacune des mailles étant dans une colonne distincte,
    • tricoter un troisième rang de fil (40) dans le deuxième rang de fil par alternance répétée d'une maille chargée (40) et d'une maille bouclette endroit (26), chacune des mailles étant dans une colonne distincte de sorte que chacune des mailles bouclettes endroit du premier rang de fil se trouve dans la même colonne que chacune des mailles chargées du troisième rang de fil, et
    • tricoter un quatrième rang de fil (42) dans le troisième rang de fil par une pluralité de mailles bouclettes endroit (26), chacune des mailles bouclettes endroit étant dans une colonne distincte.
  23. Procédé selon la revendication 22, comprenant l'étape consistant à vriller mécaniquement chacun des rangs de fil avant le tricotage de la structure.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com