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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0692321 04.03.1999
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0692321
Titel System zur Montage von Walzringen auf einer Walze
Anmelder Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.A., Buttrio, Udine, IT
Erfinder Tomat, Ferruccio, I-33100 Udine, IT;
Canzutti, Roberto, I-33050 Pavia di Udine (UD), IT
Vertreter RACKETTE Partnerschaft Patentanwälte, 79098 Freiburg
DE-Aktenzeichen 69507388
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 06.06.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 951086065
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.01.1996
EP date of grant 20.01.1999
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 04.03.1999
IPC-Hauptklasse B21B 27/03

Beschreibung[en]

This invention concerns a system to install the rolling rings on a rolling roll, as set forth in the main claim.

To be more exact, the system according to the invention is used to install the rolling rings, which generally but not only are made of cast iron, on the relative supporting half-shafts.

The invention is applied in particular but not only to rolling mill stands for single-channel roughing rolling with box passes or diamond passes.

In rolling mill stands of the state of the art and, in particular, in universal rolling mill stands a procedure of keying the rolling rings to a pair of half-shafts, which are coupled together and face each other substantially at the centre line of the relative rolling ring, has been disclosed.

These half-shafts are generally kept under tension by pre-loaded tie rods inserted coaxially into the half-shafts.

These pre-loaded tie rods ensure a union between the half-shafts in each working step and also transmission of the torque.

The half-shafts include lateral flanges which cooperate by contact with the lateral surfaces of the rolling rings.

The torque is transmitted by friction through these flanges to the rolling rings.

The systems disclosed in the state of the art for the coupling of the half-shafts involve some drawbacks, especially as regards the deflections under load which take place in general in all the rolling steps and which may be especially damaging in the event of severe working conditions.

According to the installation system of the state of the art the half-shafts are kept reciprocally under tension by pre-loaded tie rods, but no type of reciprocal support is created between one half-shaft and the other half-shaft.

In particular, at the centre line of the rolling rings, where the transverse deflection under load takes on the highest values, there is a zone of coupling of the two half-shafts which coincides with the zone of less resistance to stresses applied in a direction perpendicular to the axis of the half-shafts themselves.

Another drawback often encountered in installation systems of this type concerns the rapid wear to which the parts of reciprocal cooperation of the half-shafts are subjected, namely the relative inner ends.

This rapid wear involves frequent corrective work on important parts of the half-shafts, long times for dismantling the elements to be maintained, the use of a labour force and still other problems.

Moreover, in view of the considerable cost and effort required, this corrective work often tends to be postponed, thereby entailing working conditions which are not always the best.

Document WO-A-92/07668 shows a roller for a roll stand with an interchangeable roller ring and a divided roller body, both parts of which form a clamping flange and are interconnected by a central tension connector. An axial clamping device, comprising both threaded elements and a hydraulic device, is provided to transmit axial forces between the two parts of the roller body. In this manner only the mechanical connection between the two parts of the roller body is obtained by the threaded elements, whereas the clamping is obtained by means of mechanical securing elements arranged in the outer periphery of the roller.

Document EP-A-0 040 808 shows a multi-part roll comprising a hollow cylindrical axially extending roll body with a pair of ends spaced apart in the axial direction. A journal is connected to each of the ends of the roll body in a form-locking manner and the axes of the journals are in longitudinal alignment and define the axis of rotation of the roll. This system is quite cumbersome and complex and does not avoid the above-cited drawbacks.

The present applicants have designed, tested and embodied this invention to overcome all the shortcomings subject to complaints in the state of the art and to achieve further advantages in view of the urgent requests received in this connection from persons working in this field.

This invention is set forth and characterised in the main claim, while the dependent claims describe variants of the idea of the main embodiment.

The purpose of this invention is to achieve a system for installation of the rolling rings on the relative supporting half-shafts which is suitable to ensure considerable resistance to the deflections under load, particularly in the zones where the maximum stresses take place in a direction transverse to the axis of the half-shafts themselves.

Another purpose is to employ an auxiliary intermediate element for the coupling of the two half-shafts, onto which auxiliary element is discharged a great part of the rolling stresses, this element therefore in this case being the element most subject to wear and consisting of an element which can be readily and economically maintained or replaced.

Furthermore, according to the invention a mechanical continuity is obtained between the two half-shafts just as if they consisted of one single shaft.

According to the invention the two half-shafts to which the rolling ring is keyed are caused to cooperate together by means of a male/female coupling.

In other words, the inner terminal part of the half-shaft acting as a male element is coupled to the inner terminal part of the half-shaft acting as a female element so as to determine an at least partial superimposing of the two terminal parts so as to create mechanical continuity.

According to the invention this superimposing covers advantageously the greater part of the axial extent of the rolling ring; this situation leads to a considerable increase of the resistance to transverse stresses, especially in the zones most subjected to deflections under load.

According to the invention the coupling between the two half-shafts is of a tapered type; in other words, the two terminal parts of the half-shafts which are inserted into each other have a tapered conformation of a mating type so as to ensure a tapered engagement.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention a tapered sleeve suitable to withstand the deflections and stresses under load which are caused during the rolling is placed between the two terminal portions of the half-shafts and substantially along the whole zone of the superimposing of these terminal portions.

This tapered sleeve prevents direct contact between the coupled surfaces of the half-shafts, thus obviating wear and deformations of those parts.

This wear and the deformations arising from the stresses and deflections under load are therefore mostly transferred onto the tapered sleeve, which, however is an element which can be readily and economically maintained and replaced.

The attached figures are given as a non-restrictive example and show two preferred embodiments of the invention as follows:-

Fig.1
shows a half section/half view of a preferred form of embodiment of the invention;
Fig.2
shows a part of a variant of Fig.1.

A rolling roll 10, of which the essential parts are shown in Fig.1, includes a rolling ring 11 that is keyed to a pair of half-shafts 12, namely a righthand half-shaft 12a and a lefthand half-shaft 12b respectively.

The description in this case concerns a rolling roll 10 having a horizontal axis, but the same considerations are applicable also where the rolling roll has a vertical axis, in which case it will be necessary to take into consideration an upper half-shaft and a lower half-shaft.

According to the invention the two half-shafts 12a-12b are coupled together with a male/female coupling of a tapered type.

In this case, in particular, the inner terminal part 13b of the lefthand half-shaft 12b acting as a male element is coupled to the inner terminal part 13a of the righthand half-shaft 12a acting as a female element so as to define a zone of superimposing and reciprocal support having an axial length "l".

This zone of superimposing covers advantageously the greater part of the axial extent of the rolling ring 11 so as to create a zone of high resistance to transverse stresses and to deflections under load.

So as to provide the tapered coupling, a first embodiment of the invention shown in Fig.2 arranges that the cooperating surfaces 14a and 14b of the two half-shafts 12a-12b have a mating tapered conformation so as to be able to obtain the desired coupling.

According to the preferred embodiment of Fig.1 a tapered sleeve 15 suitable to withstand the deflections under load and the transverse stresses during working is placed between the coupled terminal parts 13a-13b of the relative half-shafts 12a-12b.

The tapered sleeve 15 is an element which can be readily and economically maintained and/or replaced and therefore enables working conditions to be ensured which are always substantially the best.

This tapered sleeve 15 is keyed advantageously in this case to the inner terminal part 13b of the lefthand half-shaft 12b, an injection of oil being made available to assist.

According to a variant a conduit 20 is provided which communicates with an attachment 21 positioned on the drive side of the rolling roll 10 so as to feed and replenish the oil for keying of the tapered sleeve 15 to the relative half-shaft 12b.

According to the invention the union and constant engagement during all the working steps, the recovery of the play due to the taper and the transmission of the motive torque between the two half-shafts 12a-12b are ensured by a hydraulically pre-loaded tie rod 16 extending along the axis of the two half-shafts 12a-12b.

This tie rod 16 is clamped in this case at the outer end of the lefthand half-shaft 12b by a clamping nut 17 and is screwed onto the righthand half-shaft 12a so as to cause a loading to the desired tension between two half-shafts 12.

The half-shafts 12a-12b include respective lateral flanges 18 with which there cooperate by contact the lateral surfaces 19 of the rolling ring 11.

These lateral flanges 18 are shaped in such a way as to ensure in each step a constant contact with the lateral surfaces 19, thus providing by friction a transmission of the torque to the rolling ring 11.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Walze für ein Walzgerüst mit einem austauschbaren Ring (11) und einer unterteilten Welle (12), wobei beide Teilwellen (12a, 12b) einen Klemmflansch (18) ausbilden und die Teilwellen (12a, 12b) mittels einer Haltestange (16) miteinander verbunden sind, die zum Ausbilden einer axialen Klemmeinheit auf der Mittenachse der Welle (12) und innerhalb des Ringes (11) angeordnet ist, und wobei die Walze dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, daß die Teilwellen (12a, 12b) mit sich verjüngenden Endabschnitten (13a, 13b) ausgestattet sind, die sich gegenseitig überlagern, wobei sie eine männlicheweibliche keilartige Kupplung zwischen den zwei Teilwellen (12a, 12b) ausbilden, und daß die Haltestange (16) mit einer der Teilwellen (12a) durch ein Gewinde verbunden ist, wobei sie auf der anderen Teilwelle (12b) mittels einer Knebelmutter festgeklemmt ist.
  2. Walze gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der der Überlagerungsbereich der Endabschnitte (13a-13b) der Teilwellen (12a-12b) im wesentlichen die gesamte axiale Ausdehnung des Walzringes (11) überdeckt.
  3. Walze gemäß Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, bei der eine als männliches Element wirkende, sich verjüngende Hülse (15), die auf das Endglied der Teilwelle (12b) geklemmt ist, in einer Zwischenlage zwischen den koppelnden Oberflächen (14a-14b) der Teilwellen (12a-12b) eingefügt ist, wobei diese Lage im wesentlichen den größten Teil des Überlagerungsbereichs der zwei koppelnden Oberflächen (14a-14b) überdeckt.
  4. Walze nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die sich verjüngende Hülse (15) mit der Unterstützung von eingespritztem Öl festgeklemmt ist.
  5. Walze nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die Haltestange (16) hydraulisch vorgespannt ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Roll for a rolling stand with an exchangeable ring (11) and a devided shaft (12) wherein two half-shafts (12a, 12b) form a clamping flange (18), the half-shafts (12a, 12b) being connected to each other by means of a tie rod (16) arranged in the center axis of the shaft (12) and inside the ring (11) so as to form an axial clamping device, the roll being characterised in that the half-shafts (12a, 12b) are provided with tapered terminal portions (13a, 13b) superimposing each other, thereby forming a tapered male-female coupling between the two half-shafts (12a, 12b), and in that the tie-rod (16) is connected with one of the half-shaft (12a) by a thread whereas it is clamped to the other half-shaft (12b) by means of a clamping nut (17).
  2. Roll as in Claim 1, in which the zone of superimposing of the terminal portions (13a-13b) of the half-shafts (12a-12b) covers substantially the whole axial extent of the rolling ring (11).
  3. Roll as in Claim 1 or 2, in which a tapered sleeve (15) keyed to the terminal part (13b) of the half-shaft (12b) acting as a male element is included in an intermediate position between the coupling surfaces (14a-14b) of the half-shafts (12a-12b), this position covering substantially the greater part of the zone of superimposing of the two coupling surfaces (14a-14b).
  4. Roll as in any claim hereinbefore, in which the tapered sleeve (15) is keyed with the assistance of an injection of oil.
  5. Roll as in any claim hereinbefore, in which the tie rod (16) is pre-loaded hydraulically.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Cylindre pour poste de laminage, comportant un anneau (11) remplaçable et un arbre divisé (12), dans lequel deux demi-arbres (12a, 12b) forment une bride de serrage (18), les demi-arbres (12a, 12b) étant reliés l'un à l'autre au moyen d'un tirant (16) agencé dans l'axe central de l'arbre (12) et à l'intérieur de l'anneau (11) de manière à former un dispositif de serrage axial, le cylindre étant caractérisé en ce que les demi-arbres (12a, 12b) sont dotés de parties terminales (13a, 13b) tronconiques se superposant l'une à l'autre pour ainsi former un accouplement mâle-femelle tronconique entre les deux demi-arbres (12a, 12b), et en ce que le tirant (16) est relié à l'un des demi-arbres (12a) par un filet, alors qu'il est serré sur l'autre demi-arbre (12b) au moyen d'un écrou de serrage (17).
  2. Cylindre selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la zone de superposition des parties terminales (13a - 13b) des demi-arbres (12a - 12b) recouvre essentiellement la totalité de l'extension axiale de l'anneau de laminage (11).
  3. Cylindre selon les revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel un manchon tronconique (15) claveté sur la partie terminale (13b) du demi-arbre (12b) jouant le rôle d'un élément mâle est compris dans une position intermédiaire entre la surface d'accouplement (14a - 14b) des demi-arbres (12a - 12b), cette position recouvrant essentiellement la plus grande partie de la zone de superposition des deux surfaces d'accouplement (14a - 14b).
  4. Cylindre selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le manchon tronconique (15) est claveté à l'aide d'une injection d'huile.
  5. Cylindre selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le tirant (16) est précontraint hydrauliquement.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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