The present invention relates to a rolling stand of the type with
tie-rods, endowed with extremely high strength to axial stresses, which makes it
possible high-precision nonsymmetrical-profile rolled sections to be obtained
The presently used rolling stands of the type with tie-rods (referred
to in the following as "tie-rod rolling stands") are such as to enable also rolled
sections with particular contours, such as a double-"T" contours, to be manufactured
with very good quality.
However, it should be remarked here that these rolling stands operate
very well for rolled sections with symmetrical contour. An example of a tie-rod
rolling stand of the above type is disclosed in detail in European patent No.
0 166 478.
If the contour of the cross-section of the rolled section is nonsymmetrical,
for example an "L"-shaped contour, stresses arise which, by being oriented parallel
to the axis of the rolling rolls, cannot be easily counteracted.
The axial stresses have a detrimental impact on the whole structure
of the rolling stand, causing mutually engaged moving components to undergo wear
during the rolling process. Among such mutually moving components, we remind here,
for example, the lead nuts or threaded rings installed in the carriers, and those
components which perform the task of guiding the movement.
This drawback generates clearances in the rolling stand and can also
endanger the dimensional tolerances of the rolled section product which consequently
may not meet the requirements.
The purpose of the present invention is of obviating these drawbacks,
by providing a tie-rod rolling stand capable of meeting the necessary requirements
of strength and stability, i.e., of allowing rolled sections of non-symmetrical
profile with any sizes and with very precise dimensional tolerances to be obtained,
while simultaneously preventing the components which constitute the rolling stand
from undergoing wear.
This purpose is achieved by a rolling stand of the type with tie-rods
which displays the features expounded in the appended claims.
The structural and functional characteristics of the invention, and
its advantages over the prior art, will be still more evident from an examination
of the following disclosure made by referring to the accompanying schematic drawings,
which display an example of a tie-rod rolling stand embodying the principles of
the same invention.
In the drawings:
- -- Figure 1 shows a front elevation view illustrating a rolling stand of the
type with tie-rods according to the present invention;
- -- Figure 2 shows a vertical sectional view, on an enlarged scale, of a side
portion of the rolling stand, illustrating a stabilizer/contrast foot provided
sideways of the carriers which support the neck of the rolling rolls;
- -- Figure 3 shows a top perspective view illustrating a portion of a shoulder
of the rolling stand as displayed in Figure 2, according to the present invention;
- -- Figure 4 shows a top plan view illustrating a half of a shoulder of the
rolling stand as displayed in Figure 2, without the eye tie-rods which are used
to fasten it to the stand base;
- -- Figure 5 shows a horizontal sectional view seen from upwards, of the shoulder
with the stabilizer/contrast foot at the bearings which support the neck of a
rolling roll between the tie-rods or setscrews;
- -- Figure 6 shows a vertical sectional view of a half of the shoulder with
foot of Figure 2.
Referring to the figures, the tie-rod rolling stand according to
the invention is generally indicated with 10 and is structurally formed by a stand
base 11 performing the task of containing carriers 12 bearing at least one pair
of respective horizontal rolling rolls 13.
The rolling rod according to the present invention is provided with
tie-rods or setscrews 14 which enable the rolling rolls 13 to be adjusted in position
relatively to each other, driven by an adjustment/synchronism unit arranged above
the rolling stand and not illustrated, because it is of a well-known type for
those skilled in the art. This unit causes the carriers 12 bearing the rolling
rolls 13, to be vertically moved towards/apart from each other.
On the stand base 11, according to the present invention, four support
feet or bases, generally indicated with 15, are mounted and constrained to it
by means of eye tie-rods 16 which are hinged, at their bottom ends 17, onto the
stand base 11.
The eye tie-rods 16 are hinged, through a shaft 18, inside hollows
19 provided in the stand base 11, can rotate around the shaft 18 and can be inserted
inside purposely provided hollows 20 of the support feet 15, inside which they
are fastened by means of nuts 21.
The support feet 15 are also centered relatively to the stand base
11, by means of keys 22 positioned inside complementary, mutually opposite key
seats 23 and 24 provided in the support feet 15 and in the stand base 11, and
protruding ribs suitable for being housed inside corresponding seats, not shown
in the drawings.
Each support foot 15 protrudes inside the interior of the rolling
stand, to form a sleeve portion 25 which receives a central, smooth portion 25'
of the tie-rods 14.
Outside the rolling stand, each support foot 15, according to the
present invention, extends into two "C"-shaped portions 26, extending upwards and
downwards to surround, at least partially, the external sides of the carriers
The tie-rods 14 have screw-threaded portions 27, provided on opposite
sides of the support foot 15, which receive ring nuts 28 integral with the stand
base relatively to the rotation inside the carriers 12.
The carriers 12 are provided, along side portions thereof, in perpendicular
direction to the direction of the axes of the rolling rolls 13, with outwards
protruding, vertical ribs 29 which get engaged inside the contoured portions 26
of the support feet 15.
As shown by Figures 2-5, the "C"-shaped portions 26 have, in section,
an enlarged end portion 30 and an opposite, thinned end portion 31. Inside such
end portions 30, 31 adjustment wedge elements 32, 33 are housed, which are horizontally
fastened the one, in parallel direction to the axes of the rolling rolls; and
the other, in perpendicular direction to the axes of the rolling rolls. The wedge
elements 32 and 33 are freely removable adjustment/sliding elements.
As it can clearly be seen from Figure 4, the enlarged end portion
30 is facing the interior of the rolling stand in which the rolling rolls are housed,
and, in this example, the relevant wedge element 32 is fastened by means of at
least two fastening screws 34.
The opposite, thinner end portion 31 facing the outside of the rolling
stand houses an "L"-shaped support block 35 fastened by means of three side screws
36. In its turn, the wedge element 33 is fastened by means of screws 37 to the
support block 35 and is constrained to the whole structure of the support foot
The wedge elements 32 and 33 have an "L"-shape and their inner, longer
side acts as an slant plane, and cooperates, in order that said wedge elements
can be correctly positioned, with complementary slant planes internally provided
on the enlarged end portion 30 and on the support block 35.
However, on both said wedge elements 32 and 33 crowned runners 38
slide, which act as freely removable sliding elements, constrained, on opposite
sides, to the bottom end of the vertical rib 29 protruding from the carriers 12.
Said crowned runners 38 enable the carriers 12 to match the deformations
of the rolling rolls 13.
Figure 4 displays how each "L"-shaped wedge element 32 and 33 is
further fastened by means of a small plate 39 provided above the base of the "L"-shape
of the wedge element.
The small plate 39 constrains, through screws 40, the wedge element
32 to the enlarged end portion 30 of the "C"-contoured portion 26. In an analogous
way, the small plate 39 constrains, through screws 40, the wedge element 33 to
the support block 35.
Figures 4 and 5 show top plan views of the support foot 15 of the
tie-rod rolling stand according to the invention, which has a nonsymmetrical body
aligned with the axis 41 running through the centre of the tie-rods 14. From its
sleeve portion 25, the body of the support foot 15 extends towards the outside
of the rolling stand into a slant portion 42 which acts like a strut in order
to counteract the axial thrusts generated by the rolling rolls 13.
In the slant, strut-acting portion 42 the hollows 20 are provided
which receive the eye tie-rods 26 -- with, in the instant example, two of them
The general structure of the support feet 15 is such as to bear the
operating axial load which is generated during the rolling of a nonsymmetrical
In this situation of the structure, the rolling stand according to
the present invention displays a very high stiffness and secures that rolled sections
will be produced in the desired size, with very narrow dimensional tolerances.
Of course, the shape of the upwards/downwards extending "C"-shaped portions 26,
as well as of the wedge elements 32 and 33 results to be designed for an easy
In the event that the mutually engaging parts undergo wear owing
to the stresses they are submitted to, and to their mutual sliding, the screws
34 and 37 make it possible the wedge elements 32 and 33 and the screws 36 to be
easily and rapidly removed, with the support block 35 being as easily and rapidly
The wedge elements 32 and 33 can thus be replaced and in the event
that their coupling planes with the contoured portions 26 are no longer perfectly
smooth, they can be levelled off, with a correct coupling being restored.
Also the support block 35 of the wedge element 33, subject to a higher
axial stress, can be reprocessed in order to restore the coupling planarity of
The rolling stand of the present invention can be provided with such
support feet at one shoulder only, or, according to and alternative embodiment,
said support feet can be provided at both rolling stand shoulders.
Externally to the support feet on the "C"-shaped portions, vertical
ribs 43 can be provided which act to further stiffen the structure thereof, i.e.,
stabilize the whole tie-rod rolling stand.
Also a tie-rod rolling stand according to the present invention is
suitable for being horizontally opened, i.e., by moving apart the shoulders containing
the carriers and the supports, in order to remove the rolling rolls, which remain
in their position, and replace them with a new pair of rolling rolls. This result
can be attained because both the old (i.e., presently installed) rolling rolls,
and the new rolling rolls (i.e., the rolling rolls which the operator wishes to
install) are borne by a suitable service unit according to U.S. patent No. 4,552,007.