PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0443583 24.06.1999
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0443583
Titel Nebenstellenanlagesystem
Anmelder Canon K.K., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Sakurai, Shigeki, Shiei-Nase-jutaku 10-206, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken, JP;
Nishikawa, Shigeru, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69131239
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 21.02.1991
EP-Aktenzeichen 911025542
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 28.08.1991
EP date of grant 19.05.1999
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 24.06.1999
IPC-Hauptklasse H04M 3/12
IPC-Nebenklasse H04M 19/08   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a private branch exchange system and, more particularly, to a private branch exchange system which accommodates external line wires and extensions and, on the extension side, communications equipment usable in event of a power failure, wherein communications such as a telephone conversation can be carried out by the communications equipment for power failure when a power failure occurs.

JP 60-103896 describes a communication system comprising an extension terminal including communication means for performing communication and an internal network to which an external line is connected and said extension terminal is connected to the internal network through an extension line.

JP 61-23496 discloses a further private automatic branch exchange system. This system uses a specific extension telephone set when a power failure occurs.

In a private branch exchange, a well-known technique in the prior art is to change over the circuit to a telephone for power failure when a power failure occurs, thereby making it possible to receive calls and make calls during the power failure.

Fig. 3 illustrates the construction of the conventional private branch exchange apparatus. As shown in Fig. 3, numeral 400 denotes an external line wire, 401 a line-wire changeover relay, 404 an exchange apparatus, 406 a extension changeover relay, and 408 an extension telephone usable in the event of a power failure. When the exchange 404 is being supplied with power from a commercial power supply or the like in a normal manner, the line wire 400 is connected to the exchange 404 via the make side (indicated by the dashed line) of the line-wire changeover relay 401 and a line 403.

A telephone call is placed by way of a path leading to the power-failure backup telephone 408 via a line 405, a line on the make side (indicated by the dashed line) of the extension changeover relay 406, and a line 407. When the supply of power to the exchange 404 ceases owing to a power failure or the like, the line-wire changeover relay 401 and the extension changeover relay 406 are restored automatically so that the line wire 400 is connected directly to the power-failure backup telephone 408.

When supply of power to the exchange 404 is restored, the line-wire exchange relay 401 and extension changeover relay 406 are driven automatically so that a telephone call can be placed via the ordinary route, described above.

Further, in another example of the prior art, the line-wire exchange relay 401 and extension changeover relay 406 may be replaced by manually operated changeover switches.

A problem encountered in the above-described example of the prior art is that when the extension telephone usable in a power failure starts to be used during a power failure and then power is restored during a telephone conversation, the path being used for the conversation is cut unconditionally if the line-wire and extension changeover means are automatic means, such as relays. As a result, the call is cut off while still in progress.

If the line-wire and extension changeover means are manual means such as switches, on the other hand, an operating error is possible if the switches are operated erroneously or if the operator forgets to make a changeover. In addition, operating the switches is troublesome and therefore the system is not easy to use.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a private branch exchange in which back-up and restoration processing of a line at occurrence of a power failure is performed automatically and reliably without requiring a troublesome operation.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a private branch exchange which uses communications equipment, usable in during a power failure, having both line-wire and extension interfaces, wherein channel backup and restoration processing can be performed reliably even when a power failure occurs repeatedly.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide a private branch exchange system in which restoration from a power failure can be carried out without interrupting communication in progress.

These objects are achieved with a system according to Claim 1, a terminal according to Claim 9 and a method according to Claim 16.

Other features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference characters designate the same or similar parts throughout the figures thereof.

  • Fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a private branch exchange in an embodiment of the present invention; and
  • Fig. 2 is a block diagram showing the peripheral circuitry of a call monitoring circuit.
  • Fig. 3 is a block diagram illustrating the construction of a private branch exchange apparatus according to the prior art;

An embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to the drawings.

In this embodiment, the changeover is carried out on the side of the telephone usable also in the event of a power failure.

Fig. 1 is a block diagram illustrating the construction of a private branch exchange system in the embodiment.

In Fig. 1, numeral 1 denotes the main apparatus which mainly comprises a line-wire interface 4, an extension interface 5, a call channel unit 6 for administering the switching of calls by time-division switching, and a CPU 7 for administering control of each of the components of the main apparatus 1, and for executing communication with a telephone, which is connected to an extension, via an extension line 3. A ROM 8 for storing the control program of the CPU and a RAM 9 used as a work area are connected to the CPU 7.

In Fig. 1, numeral 2 is line wires. The block indicated by numeral 10 on the right-hand side of Fig. 1 is a telephone usable also in the event of a power failure. (As shown in Fig. 1, a plurality of these telephones are capable of being connected to the main apparatus 1.) The telephone 10 is connected to the main apparatus 1 by the extension lines 3. Also the main apparatus 1 is capable of accommodating a extension telephone which can not communication in the power failure. The structure of the power-failure telephone 10 will now be described.

The telephone 10 includes a CPU 11 for administering control of the overall telephone, a ROM 12 storing the control program of the CPU 11, a RAM 13 which stores various control data and various information of the telephone 10, and which provides a working area for various types of processing, an interface circuit 14 for performing an exchange of communication signals and control signals with the main apparatus 1, a key matrix 15 which accepts inputs from numeric keys, function keys and the like, an off-hook detecting circuit 16, and a display unit 17.

The power-failure telephone 10 also includes a speech network circuit 18 used at the time of ordinary operation, namely when a power failure is not in effect, a speaker 19, and a handset 20. In the event of a power failure, only the handset 20 is used in a conversation, and the speaker 19 is used only for ringing at the time of a power failure.

Further, the telephone 10 includes power-failure relays 21, 22. The power-failure relay 21 is for connecting the channel at the time of a power failure, and the power-failure relay 22 is for connecting the speaker 19 and the handset 20 to either the ordinary speech network circuit 18 or a speech network circuit 26 for use in the event of a power failure and a ringing-signal generating circuit 25. These power-failure relays are changed over, under the control of the CPU 11, depending upon the state of power feed from a feeder circuit 29. The positions of the contacts indicated by the dashed lines are make positions for a case where power feed is being performed normally and a relay drive circuit 23 is ON owing to control performed by the CPU 11. These contact positions are held by passage of a current through the relays. The positions of the contacts indicated by the solid lines are break positions for a case where a power failure has occurred or power is being supplied and the relay drive circuit 23 is OFF owing to control performed by the CPU 11.

The relay drive circuit 23 for driving the aforesaid relays holds the power-failure relays 21, 22 in the aforementioned make positions in a case where power feed is being performed normally and drive circuit is ON owing to control by the CPU 11.

The power-failure telephone 10 is further provided with a hook switch 24, a ringing-signal generating circuit 25, a power-failure speech network circuit 26, a dialing circuit 27, a call monitoring circuit 28, and a circuit 29 for feeding the telephone with power. The call monitoring circuit 28 detects the status of a call (the status of an on-hook signal) at restoration of power. The detailed construction of this circuit will be described later.

The operation of this apparatus under ordinary circumstances, operation when a power failure occurs, operation when a call is in progress during a power failure, operation immediately after power is restored, and operation at the end of a call following the restoration of power will now be described.

<ORDINARY OPERATION>

In the ordinary state, namely the state in which current is being fed, the relay drive circuit 23 is placed in the ON state by the CPU 11, so that relays pf1, pf2, pf3 and pf4 are changed over to the make side, indicated by the dashed lines. As a result, the ringing signal generating circuit 25, power-failure speech network circuit 26, dialing circuit 27 and call monitoring circuit 28 are not fed with power, and the call is implemented by the path constituted by the speech network circuit 18, interface circuit 14 and extension lines 3.

<OPERATION AT OCCURRENCE OF POWER FAILURE>

When a power failure occurs and feed to the main apparatus 1 ceases, feed from the feeder circuit 29 in the power-failure telephone 10 also ceases, as a result of which the relay drive circuit 23, CPU 11, ROM 12, RAM 13, interface circuit 14, off-hook detecting circuit 16, display unit 17 and speech network circuit 18 get to be not fed. Accordingly, the relays pf1, pf2, pf3 and pf4 of the power-failure relays 21, 22 are changed over to the break side indicated by the solid line, and line wire 2 is directly connected to the hook switch 24 without connecting the channel unit 6.

<CALL OPERATION DURING POWER FAILURE>

The details of the construction of the call monitoring circuit and related portions are illustrated in Fig. 2. Portions similar to those shown in Fig. 1 are indicated by like reference characters.

The line wires 2 are connected to the power-failure speech network circuit 26 via the hook switch 24 (see Fig. 10). The speech network circuit 26 includes a parallel connected capacitor 34 and rectifier stack 35. The + output of the rectifier stack 35 is inputted to the call monitoring circuit 28 via a resistor 33 and is connected to a resistor 31 within the call monitoring circuit 28.

The call monitoring circuit 28 is connected to a line of the power-failure speech network circuit 26 via the resistor 33. The call monitoring circuit 28 comprises a photocoupler 30 for detecting a call on this line, the resistor 31 and a resistor 32.

The operation through which an outgoing call is made from the power-failure telephone to the line wires 2 will now be described.

When the handset 20 is lifted (taken off the hook), the line wires 2 are connected to the power-failure speech network circuit 26 by the hook switch 24 via the power-failure relay 21, and a loop is closed at the proper impedance by the power-failure speech network circuit 26.

As a result, a dial tone is returned from the local exchange of the line wires 2 and dialing is performed using the key matrix 15. In accordance with the input from the key matrix 15, an outgoing call is made to the line wires 2 by DP or PB via the dialing circuit 27. Thereafter, a telephone conversation is carried out when there is a response from the called party on the side of line wires 2.

In a case where a power failure is in effect and an incoming call is received from the line wires 2, i.e., an incoming call arrives from the line wires 2 in a state where the handset 20 is on the hook, the incoming signal enters the ringing signal generating circuit 25 via the power-failure relay 21 and hook switch 24, and an incoming tone is outputted to the speaker 19 from the ringing signal generating circuit 25.

When the incoming call is responded to by lifting the handset 20 (taking the handset off the hook), the hook switch 24 is changed over to the side of the power-failure speech network circuit 26 and a telephone conversation is carried out.

In the above-described outgoing and incoming call operations, lifting the handset 20 connects the line wires 2 to the power-failure speech network circuit 26 via the hook switch 24. When this occurs, the power-failure speech network circuit 26 is fed from the line wires 2 and the output side (the + and - terminals) of the rectifier stack 35 develops a voltage. During a power failure, however, the +5 V power supply shown in the call monitoring circuit 28 of Fig. 2 vanishes and the CPU 11 stops being supplied with power.

<OPERATION AT RESTORATION OF POWER>

When a telephone conversation is started during a power failure and power is restored while the conversation, which has been allowed to continue, is in progress, power feed to the main apparatus 1 is resumed and this is accompanied by start up of the feeder circuit 29 in the power-failure telephone 10. Accordingly, power is supplied to the relay drive circuit 23, CPU 11, ROM 12, RAM 13, interface circuit 14, off-hook detecting circuit 16, display unit 17 and speech network circuit 18.

When power is thus supplied again, the CPU 11 effects a power-on reset and executes initializing processing by the reset operation. This processing includes placing the relay drive circuit 23 in the OFF state and holding the power-failure relays 21, 22 on the break sides indicated by the solid lines.

In a case where a telephone conversation is in effect since prior to the restoration of power, a voltage is produced at the output of the rectifier stack 35 in the power-failure speech network circuit 26 by feed from the line wires 2, as described above. Therefore, when the +5 V is fed to the photocoupler 30 via the resistor 32 owing to the restoration of power, a current flows into a light-emitting diode on the input side of the photocoupler 30 via the resistors 33, 31, and the collector output of the transistor on the output side falls to a low level.

In a case where the low-level output of the call monitoring circuit 28 is detected, the CPU 11 maintains the relay drive circuit 23 in the OFF state and holds the power-failure relays 21, 22 on the break sides indicated by the solid lines, thereby holding the call in progress.

<OPERATION AT END OF CALL AFTER RESTORATION OF POWER>

When, as described above, a held telephone conversation ends after the restoration of power and the handset 20 is hung up, the hook switch 24 is changed over from the side of the power-failure speech network circuit 26 to the side of the ringing signal generator circuit 25.

As a result, the line wires 2 connected to the power-failure speech network circuit 26 via the power-failure relay 21 and hook switch 24 are disconnected, the feed of power to the power-failure speech network circuit 26 ceases, and the voltage at the output side of the rectifier stack 35 vanishes. The current flowing into the light-emitting diode on the input side of the photocoupler 30 via the resistors 33, 31 also vanishes so that the collector output of the transistor on the output side assumes a high level.

Upon detecting the high-level output of the call monitoring circuit 28, the CPU 11 turns on the relay drive circuit 23 so that the power-failure relays 21, 22 are changed over to the make sides indicated by the dashed lines. Thereafter, the telephone conversation is carried out through the usual path.

In accordance with the embodiment described above, a telephone for a power failure is internally provided with monitoring means for monitoring the call status of this telephone prevailing immediately after restoration from a power failure. Based upon the results of the monitoring operation, means for connecting line wires directly to a telephone for a power failure is controlled automatically. As a result, a telephone conversation continuing from the onset of a power failure can be held in this state immediately after the restoration of power, and the conversation in progress is no longer cut off at restoration of power, as occurs in the prior art.

Furthermore, the end of the call continuing since the onset of the power failure is detected and the usual operating state is restored automatically. Thus, the private branch exchange of the present invention does not require troublesome manual changeover means and therefore is easy to use and highly reliable.

Though a power-failure telephone is illustrated in the foregoing embodiment, the terminal apparatus is not limited to a telephone, and various communications equipment can be used.

In accordance with the embodiment, as described above, there is provided a private branch exchange system which accommodates line wires and an extension, as well power-failure communications equipment on the extension side, wherein communication by the power-failure communications equipment is carried out when a power failure occurs. The power-failure communications equipment is provided with means for switchingly making a connection to a power-failure line which makes it possible to use the power-failure communications equipment in event of power failure, monitoring means for monitoring call status on the power-failure line, and control means for performing control in such a manner that, in a case where communication using the power-supply line is in the process of being continued at restoration from a power failure, a connection to the power-failure line is held until the communication ends, and a changeover is made to a main-line side after the end of the communication. As a result, communication allowed to continue from the onset of the power failure can be maintained immediately after power is restored. When communication ends, the ordinary operating state can be restored automatically. Accordingly, the private branch exchange system of the present invention does not require a troublesome manual operation, and line back-up and restoration processing at occurrence of a power failure are performed automatically and in a reliable manner.

As many apparently widely different embodiments of the present invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments thereof except as defined in the appended claims.

In a private branch exchange system which includes a private branch exchange accommodating a plurality of line wires and extensions for switching lines between the two, and telephones, which are usable in the event of a power failure, connected to the extensions, the line wires and the power-failure telephones are connected when power feed to the private branch exchange is no longer performed owing to a power failure or the like. When power feed is restored, the call status of the power-failure telephone is monitored and, if it is found that a call is in progress.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Kommunikationssystem mit
    • einem Erweiterungsendgerät (10), das eine Kommunikationseinrichtung (20) zur Ausführung einer Kommunikation aufweist, und
    • einem internen Netzwerk (6), an das eine externe Leitung (2) angeschlossen ist, wobei das Erweiterungsendgerät an das interne Netzwerk über eine Erweiterungsleitung (3) angeschlossen ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß
    • das Erweiterungsendgerät an das interne Netzwerk über die Erweiterungsleitung angeschlossen ist und an die externe Leitung über eine Umgehungsleitung zur Umgehung des internen Netzwerks angeschlossen ist,
    • wobei das Erweiterungsendgerät zusätzlich
    • eine Schalteinrichtung (11, 22, 23) zur selektiven Verbindung der Kommunikationseinrichtung entweder mit der Erweiterungsleitung oder der Umgehungsleitung sowie zur Herstellung einer Verbindung zwischen der Kommunikationseinrichtung und der Umgehungsleitung als Reaktion auf einen Energieausfall aufweist, wobei
    • die Schalteinrichtung geeignet ist, die Verbindung zwischen der Kommunikationseinrichtung und der Umgehungsleitung in dem Fall aufrechtzuerhalten, daß der Energieausfall während der Ausführung der Kommunikation über die Umgehungsleitung und die externe Leitung behoben wird.
  2. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Erweiterungsendgerät zusätzlich eine Erfassungseinrichtung (28) zur Erfassung der Ausführung der Kommunikation durch die Kommunikationseinrichtung aufweist.
  3. System nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Erfassungseinrichtung zur Erfassung eines elektrischen Stroms bei der Umgehungsleitung geeignet ist.
  4. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schalteinrichtung die Kommunikationseinrichtung und die Erweiterungsleitung in dem Fall verbindet, daß der Energieausfall behoben wird, während die Kommunikationseinrichtung keine Kommunikation ausführt.
  5. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schalteinrichtung die Kommunikationseinrichtung und die Erweiterungsleitung verbindet, nachdem die Kommunikationseinrichtung die Kommunikation beendet hat.
  6. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schalteinrichtung ein Relais (22) zur Verbindung der Kommunikationseinrichtung entweder mit der Erweiterungsleitung oder mit der Umgehungsleitung und Steuereinrichtungen (11, 23) zur Steuerung des Relais aufweist.
  7. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Kommunikationseinrichtung einen Hörer aufweist.
  8. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Erweiterungsendgerät zusätzlich eine Erweiterungsleitung-Schnittstelle (14) zum Anschluß der Erweiterungsleitung und eine Schnittstelle (26) für eine externe Leitung zum Anschluß der Umgehungsleitung aufweist.
  9. An ein internes Netzwerk (6) angeschlossenes Erweiterungsendgerät (10) mit
    • einer Kommunikationseinrichtung (20) zur Ausführung einer Kommunikation und
    • einer ersten Verbindungseinrichtung (14) zum Anschluß einer Erweiterungsleitung (3), über die das interne Netzwerk angeschlossen ist,
    gekennzeichnet durch
    • eine zweite Verbindungseinrichtung (21) zum Anschluß einer Umgehungsleitung, über die eine externe Leitung des internen Netzwerks zur Umgehung des internen Netzwerks angeschlossen ist, und
    • eine Schalteinrichtung (11, 22, 23) zur selektiven Verbindung der Kommunikationseinrichtung entweder mit der Erweiterungsleitung oder der Umgehungsleitung sowie zur Herstellung einer Verbindung zwischen der Kommunikationseinrichtung und der Umgehungsleitung als Reaktion auf einen Energieausfall aufweist, wobei
    • die Schalteinrichtung geeignet ist, die Verbindung zwischen der Kommunikationseinrichtung und der Umgehungsleitung in dem Fall aufrechtzuerhalten, daß der Energieausfall während der Ausführung der Kommunikation über die Umgehungsleitung und die externe Leitung behoben wird.
  10. Erweiterungsendgerät nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Erweiterungsendgerät zusätzlich eine Erfassungseinrichtung (28) zur Erfassung der Ausführung der Kommunikation durch die Kommunikationseinrichtung umfaßt.
  11. Erweiterungsendgerät nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Erfassungseinrichtungzur Erfassung eines elektrischen Stroms auf der Umgehungsleitung geeignet ist.
  12. Erweiterungsendgerät nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Schalteinrichtung die Kommunikationseinrichtung und die Erweiterungsleitung in dem Fall verbindet, daß der Energieausfall behoben wird, während die Kommunikationseinrichtung keine Kommunikation ausführt.
  13. Erweiterungsendgerät nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Schalteinrichtung geeignet ist, die Kommunikationseinrichtung und die Erweiterungsleitung zu verbinden, nachdem die Kommunikationseinrichtung die Kommunikation beendet hat.
  14. Erweiterungsendgerät nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Schalteinrichtung ein Relais (22) zur Verbindung der Kommunikationseinrichtung entweder mit der Erweiterungsleitung oder mit der Umgehungsleitung und Steuereinrichtungen (11, 23) zur Steuerung des Relais aufweist.
  15. Erweiterungsendgerät nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Kommunikationseinrichtung einen Hörer aufweist.
  16. Verfahren zur Ermöglichung einer fortgesetzten Kommunikation, die durch ein Erweiterungsendgerät (10) ausgeführt wird, das eine Kommunikationseinrichtung (20) aufweist und an ein internes Netzwerk (6) über eine Erweiterungsleitung (3) angeschlossen ist, wobei die fortgesetzte Kommunikation über eine externe Leitung (2) ausgeführt wird, die an das interne Netzwerk und an eine Umgehungsleitung zur Umgehung des internen Netzwerks bei der Behebung eines Energieausfalls angeschlossen ist,

    gekennzeichnet durch
    • das Verfahren, das von dem mit der Erweiterungsleitung und mit der Umgehungsleitung verbundenen Erweiterungsendgerät ausgeführt wird, mit
    • einem ersten Steuerschritt zum Steuern der Schalteinrichtung (22) des Erweiterungsendgeräts derart, daß die Kommunikationseinrichtung an die Erweiterungsleitung angeschlossen wird, wobei die Schalteinrichtung die Kommunikationseinrichtung mit der externen Leitung als Reaktion auf einen Energieausfall über die Umgehungsleitung verbindet, und
    • einem zweiten Steuerschritt zum Steuern der Schalteinrichtung des Erweiterungsendgeräts derart, daß eine Verbindung zwischen der Kommunikationseinrichtung und der Umgehungsleitung in dem Fall aufrechterhalten wird, bei dem der Energieausfall während der Ausführung der Kommunikation über die Umgehungsleitung und die externe Leitung behoben wird.
  17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 16, wobei der erste Steuerschritt einen Erfassungsschritt zum Erfassen der Ausführung der Kommunikation durch die Kommunikationseinrichtung aufweist.
  18. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17, wobei bei dem Erfassungsschritt ein elektrischer Strom auf der Umgehungsleitung erfaßt wird.
  19. Verfahren nach Anspruch 16, wobei der zweite Steuerschritt die Schalteinrichtung derart steuert, daß die Kommunikationseinrichtung an die Erweiterungsleitung in dem Fall angeschlossen wird, bei dem der Energieausfall behoben wird, während keine Kommunikation ausgeführt wird.
  20. Verfahren nach Anspruch 16, wobei der zweite Steuerschritt die Schalteinrichtung derart steuert, daß die Kommunikationseinrichtung an die Erweiterungsleitung angeschlossen wird, nachdem die Kommunikationseinrichtung die Kommunikation beendet hat.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A communication system comprising:
    • an extension terminal (10) including communicating means (20) for performing communication; and
    • an internal network (6) to which an external line (2) is connected, whereby said extension terminal is connected to the internal network through an extension line (3),
    characterized in that
    • said extension terminal is connected to said internal network through the extension line, and connected to the external line through a bypass line for bypassing said internal network,
    • said extension terminal further includes
    • switch means (11, 22, 23) for selectively connecting said communicating means with one of the extension line and the bypass line, and for making a connection between said communicating means and the bypass line in response to a power failure, and
    • said switch means is arranged to maintain the connection between said communicating means and the bypass line in a case where the power failure is restored while said communicating means is performing the communication through by the bypass line and the external line.
  2. The system according to claim 1, wherein said extension terminal further includes detecting means (28) for detecting that said communicating means is performing the communication.
  3. The system according to claim 2, wherein said detecting means is arranged to detect an electric current on the bypass line.
  4. The system according to claim 1, wherein said switch means is arranged to connect said communicating means and the extension line in a case where the power failure is restored while said communicating means is not performing the communication.
  5. The system according to claim 1, wherein said switch means is arranged to connect said communicating means and the extension line after said communicating means ends the communication.
  6. The system according to claim 1, wherein said switch means includes a relay (22) for connecting communicating means with the one of the extension line and the bypass line, and control means (11, 23) for controlling said relay.
  7. The system according to claim 1, wherein said communicating means includes a handset.
  8. The system according to claim 1, wherein said extension terminal further includes an extension line interface (14) for connecting the extension line and an external line interface (26) for connecting the bypass line.
  9. An extension terminal (10) connected to an internal network (6), the extension terminal comprising:
    • communicating means (20) for performing communication; and
    • first connecting means (14) for connecting an extension line (3) through which the internal network is connected,
       characterized by
    • second connecting means (21) for connecting a bypass line through which an external line of the internal network is connected for bypassing the internal network, and
    • switch means (11, 22, 23) for selectively connecting said communicating means with one of the extension line and the bypass line, and for making a connection between said communicating means and the bypass line in response to a power failure, and
    • said switch means is arranged to maintain the connection between said communicating means and the bypass line in a case where the power failure is restored while said communicating means is performing the communication through the bypass line and the external line.
  10. The extension terminal according to claim 9, wherein said extension terminal further comprises detecting means (28) for detecting that said communicating means is performing the communication.
  11. The extension terminal according to claim 10, wherein said detecting means is arranged to detect an electric current on the bypass line.
  12. The extension terminal according to claim 9, wherein said switch means connects said communicating means and the extension line in a case where the power failure is restored while said communicating means is not performing the communication.
  13. The extension terminal according to claim 9, wherein said switch means is arranged to connect said communicating means and the extension line after said communicating means ends the communication.
  14. The extension terminal according to claim 9, wherein said switch means includes a relay (22) for connecting communicating means with the one of the extension line and the bypass line, and control means (11, 23) for controlling said relay.
  15. The extension terminal according to claim 9, wherein said communicating means includes a handset.
  16. A method for enabling continuous communication performed by an extension terminal (10) which includes communicating means (20) and is connected with an internal network (6) through an extension line (3), wherein the continuous communication is performed through an external line (2) connected to the internal network and a bypass line for bypassing the internal network at restoration from a power failure,

       characterized by
    • the method performed by the extension terminal which is connected with the extension line and the bypass line, comprising:
    • a first control step of controlling switch means (22) included in the extension terminal such that said communicating means is connected with the extension line and said switch means connects said communicating means with the external line through the bypass line in response to a power failure, and
    • a second control step of controlling said switch means included in the extension terminal such that a connection between said communicating means and the bypass line is maintained in a case where the power failure is restored while said communicating means is performing the communication through the bypass line and the external line.
  17. The method according to claim 16, wherein said first control step includes a detecting step of detecting that said communicating means is performing the communication.
  18. The method according to claim 17, wherein said detecting step detects an electric current on the bypass line.
  19. The method according to claim 16, wherein said second control step controls said switch means such that said communicating means is connected with the extension line in a case where the power failure is restored while said communicating means is not performing the communication.
  20. The method according to claim 16, wherein said second control step controls said switch means such that said communicating means is connected with the extension line after said communicating means ends the communication.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Système de communication comprenant :
    • un terminal d'extension (10) comprenant un moyen de communication (20) pour effectuer une communication; et
    • un réseau interne (6) auquel est connectée une ligne externe (2), ledit terminal d'extension étant ainsi connecté au réseau interne par l'intermédiaire d'une ligne d'extension (3);
       caractérisé en ce que :
    • ledit terminal d'extension est connecté audit réseau interne par l'intermédiaire de la ligne d'extension et est connecté à la ligne externe par l'intermédiaire d'une ligne de dérivation pour contourner ledit réseau interne;
    • ledit terminal d'extension comprend, de plus :
      • des moyens de commutation (11, 22, 23) pour connecter, de façon sélective, ledit moyen de communication avec une des lignes d'extension et de dérivation, et pour effectuer une connexion entre ledit moyen de communication et la ligne de dérivation en réponse à une panne d'énergie; et
      • ledit moyen de commutation est agencé afin de maintenir la connexion entre ledit moyen de communication et la ligne de dérivation dans le cas où l'alimentation en énergie est rétablie tandis que ledit moyen de communication effectue la communication par l'intermédiaire de la ligne de dérivation et de la ligne externe.
  2. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit terminal d'extension comprend, de plus, un moyen de détection (28) pour détecter le fait que ledit moyen de communication effectue la communication.
  3. Système selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit moyen de détection est prévu pour détecter un courant électrique sur la ligne de dérivation.
  4. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit moyen de commutation est prévu pour connecter ledit moyen de communication et la ligne d'extension dans le cas où l'alimentation en énergie est rétablie tandis que ledit moyen de communication n'est pas en train d'effectuer la communication.
  5. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit moyen de commutation est prévu pour connecter ledit moyen de communication et la ligne d'extension après la fin de la communication par ledit moyen de communication.
  6. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit moyen de commutation comprend un relais (22) pour connecter le moyen de communication avec l'une des lignes d'extension et de dérivation, et un moyen de commande (11, 23) pour commander ledit relais.
  7. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit moyen de communication comprend un combiné à main.
  8. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit terminal d'extension comprend, de plus, une interface de ligne d'extension (14) pour connecter la ligne d'extension et une interface de ligne externe (26) pour connecter la ligne de dérivation.
  9. Terminal d'extension (10) connecté à un réseau interne, le terminal d'extension comprenant :
    • un moyen de communication (20) pour effectuer une communication; et
    • un premier moyen de connexion (14) pour connecter une ligne d'extension (3) par laquelle est connecté le réseau interne;
       caractérisé par :
    • un second moyen de connexion (21) pour connecter une ligne de dérivation par l'intermédiaire de laquelle une ligne externe du réseau interne est connectée pour une dérivation du réseau interne; et
    • un moyen de commutation (11, 22, 23) pour une connexion sélective dudit moyen de communication avec l'une des lignes d'extension et de dérivation, et pour effectuer une connexion entre ledit moyen de communication et la ligne de dérivation en réponse à une panne d'alimentation ; et
       par le fait que ledit moyen de commutation est prévu pour maintenir la connexion entre ledit moyen de communication et la ligne de dérivation dans le cas où l'alimentation est rétablie tandis que ledit moyen de communication effectue la communication par l'intermédiaire de la ligne de dérivation et de la ligne externe.
  10. Terminal d'extension selon la revendication 9, dans lequel ledit terminal d'extension comprend, de plus, un moyen de détection (28) pour détecter le fait que ledit moyen de communication effectue la communication.
  11. Terminal d'extension selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ledit moyen de détection est prévu pour détecter un courant électrique sur la ligne de dérivation.
  12. Terminal d'extension selon la revendication 9, dans lequel ledit moyen de commutation connecte ledit moyen de communication et la ligne d'extension dans le cas où l'alimentation de puissance est rétablie tandis que ledit moyen de communication n'est pas en train d'effectuer la communication.
  13. Terminal d'extension selon la revendication 9, dans lequel ledit moyen de commutation est prévu pour connecter ledit moyen de communication et la ligne d'extension après la fin de la communication par ledit moyen de communication.
  14. Terminal d'extension selon la revendication 9, dans lequel ledit moyen de commutation comprend un relais (22) pour connecter le moyen de communication avec l'une des lignes d'extension et de dérivation, et un moyen de commande (11, 23) pour commander ledit relais.
  15. Terminal d'extension selon la revendication 9, dans lequel ledit moyen de communication comprend un combiné à main.
  16. Procédé pour valider une communication en continu effectuée par un terminal d'extension (10) comprenant un moyen de communication (20) et étant connecté à un réseau interne (6) par l'intermédiaire d'une ligne d'extension (3), dans lequel la communication en continu est effectuée par l'intermédiaire d'une ligne externe (2) connectée au réseau interne, et à une ligne de dérivation pour dériver le réseau interne lors du rétablissement de l'alimentation,

       caractérisé par le fait que le procédé effectué par le terminal d'extension qui est connecté à la ligne d'extension et à la ligne de dérivation comprend :
    • une première étape de commande pour la commande du moyen de commutation (22) inclus dans le terminal d'extension de telle façon que ledit moyen de communication soit connecté à la ligne d'extension et que ledit moyen de commutation connecte ledit moyen de communication avec la ligne externe par l'intermédiaire de la ligne de dérivation en réponse à une panne d'alimentation ; et
    • une seconde étape de commande pour la commande dudit moyen de commutation inclus dans le terminal d'extension de telle façon qu'une connexion entre ledit moyen de communication et la ligne de dérivation soit maintenue dans le cas où l'alimentation est rétablie tandis que ledit moyen de communication effectue la communication par l'intermédiaire de la ligne de dérivation et de la ligne externe.
  17. Procédé selon la revendication 16, dans lequel ladite première étape de commande comprend une étape de détection pour la détection du fait que ledit moyen de communication effectue la communication.
  18. Procédé selon la revendication 17, dans lequel ladite étape de détection détecte un courant électrique sur la ligne de dérivation.
  19. Procédé selon la revendication 16, dans lequel ladite seconde étape de commande commande ledit moyen de commutation de telle façon que ledit moyen de communication soit connecté avec la ligne d'extension dans le cas où l'alimentation est rétablie tandis que ledit moyen de communication n'est pas en train d'effectuer la communication.
  20. Procédé selon la revendication 16, dans lequel ladite seconde étape de commande commande ledit moyen de commutation de telle façon que ledit moyen de communication soit connecté avec la ligne d'extension après la fin de la communication par ledit moyen de communication.






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