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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0822746 18.11.1999
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0822746
Titel VERWENDUNG EINER N-ARYLPYRAZOL- ODER N-HETEROARYLPYRAZOLVERBINDUNG ZUR REGULIERUNG VON PFLANZENWACHSTUM
Anmelder Rhône-Poulenc AGRO, Lyon, FR
Erfinder ROYALTY, Reed, Nathan, Raleigh, NC 27615, US;
LONG, Nguyen, Dang, Hochiminville, VN;
PILATO, Michale, Thomas, Cary, NC 27513, US;
HAMON, Nicholas, Mark, Cary, NC 27513, US;
YAHMAD, Ngadi, Jember 68122, ID;
SASTROSATOMO, Djoko, Prabowo, Kuningan, Jakarta 12940, ID
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69604657
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument En
EP-Anmeldetag 22.04.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 969140995
WO-Anmeldetag 22.04.1996
PCT-Aktenzeichen EP9601673
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9633614
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 31.10.1996
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 11.02.1998
EP date of grant 13.10.1999
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 18.11.1999
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 47/02
IPC-Nebenklasse A01N 43/56   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a new method for treatment of plants to induce growth regulating responses.

The term "method for regulating plant growth" or the term "growth regulation process" or the use of the words "growth regulation" or other terms using the word "regulate" as used in the instant specification relate to a variety of plant responses which attempt to improve some characteristic of the plant as distinguished from pesticidal action, the intention of which is to destroy or stunt the growth of a plant or a living being. For this reason the compounds used in the practice of this invention are used in amounts which are non-phytotoxic with respect to the plant being treated.

Plant growth regulation is a desirable way to improve plants and cropping so as to obtain better plants and better conditions of agriculture practice.

The present invention provides a method for regulating the growth of plants comprising applying to said plants, to the seeds from which they grow or to the locus in which they grow, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula:

wherein:
  • R1 is CN or methyl;
  • R2 is S(O)nR3;
  • R3 is alkyl or haloalkyl;
  • R4 is selected from the group comprising a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, and a radical which may be -NR5R6, C(O)OR7, -S(O)mR7, alkyl, haloalkyl, -OR8, or - N=C(R9)(R10); R4 is preferably a amino group which is unsubstituted or which bears one or two substituents selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalkyl, acyl and alkoxycarbonyl;
  • R5 and R6 are independently selected from a hydrogen atom, alkyl, haloalkyl, - C(O)alkyl, -S(O)rCF3; or R5 and R6 form together a divalent radical which may be interrupted by one or more heteroatoms;
  • R7 is selected from alkyl or haloalkyl;
  • R8 is selected from alkyl, haloalkyl or the hydrogen atom;
  • R9 is selected from the hydrogen atom and alkyl;
  • R10 selected from phenyl or heteroaryl that is optionally substituted by one or more hydroxy, a halogen atom, -O-alkyl, -S-alkyl, cyano, or alkyl or combinations thereof;
  • X is selected from the Nitrogen atom and the radical C-R12;
  • R11 and R12 are independently selected from a halogen atom or the hydrogen atom;
  • R13 is selected from a halogen atom, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, -S(O)qCF3, -SF5, preferably from a halogen atom, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, -SF5;
  • m,n,q,r are independently selected from 0,1, and 2;

    provided that when R1 is methyl, R3 is haloalkyl, R4 is NH2, R11 is Cl, R13 is CF3, and X is N.

The alkyl and alkoxy groups of the formula (I) are preferably lower alkyl and alkoxy groups, that is, radicals having one to four carbon atoms. The haloalkyl and haloalkoxy groups likewise preferably have one to four carbon atoms. The haloalkyl and haloalkoxy groups can bear one or more halogen atoms; preferred groups of this type include -CF3 and -OCF3.

A preferred group of plant growth regulating 1-phenylpyrazoles for use in the present invention are those of formula (I) wherein:

  • R1 is CN; and/or
  • R4 is -NR5R6; and/or
  • R5 and R6 are independently selected from the hydrogen atom alkyl, haloalkyl, - C(O)alkyl, C(O)OR7; and/or
  • X is C-R12; and/or
  • R13 is selected from a halogen atom, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or -SF5.

A particularly preferred group of plant growth regulating 1-phenylpyrazoles for use in the present invention are those of formula (I) wherein:

  • R1 is CN;
  • R4 is -NR5R6;
  • R5 and R6 are independently selected from the hydrogen atom, alkyl, haloalkyl, - C(O)alkyl, C(O)OR7;
  • X is C-R12;
  • R13 is selected from a halogen atom, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or -SF5.

Specific pyrazole derivatives usable in the method for regulating plant growth falling within the scope of the present invention include 5-amino-3-cyano-1-(2,6-dichloro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-4-trifluoromethylsulfinylpyrazole. This especially preferred plant growth regulator for use in the present invention is hereafter called compound A.

According another feature of the instant invention, there is provided a method of regulating the growth of a plant at a locus at which there are no insects, or at which they are not expected to be or through which they are not expected to pass, or traverse, or inhabit or visit or fly, said method comprising the application thereto or to the plant seed therefrom of a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound of formula (I).

Another aspect of the invention is method for regulating the growth of plants selected from the group consisting of rice, corn, cereal, vegetable and soybean plants and turf, said method comprising applying to said plants, to the seeds from which they grow or to the locus in which they grow, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound of formula (I).

Another aspect of the invention is a method for regulating the growth of soybean plants comprising applying to the seeds from which said soybean plants grow, prior to sowing said seeds, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound of formula (I).

Another aspect of the invention is a method for treating plants in need of growth regulation, comprising applying to said plants to the seeds from which they grow or to the locus in which they grow, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula (I). This need of growth regulation is particularly great when the plants or seeds therefrom are weak or feeble or stressed or are not in growing conditions favorable to the growth of plants.

The preparation of compounds of formula (I) can be effected according to any process described in International Patent Publications No. WO 87/03781, WO 93/06089 and WO 94/21606, as well as in European Patent Publication numbers 0295117, 0403300, 0385809, and 0679650, German Patent Publication 19511269 and United States Patents 5,232,940 and 5,236,938.

The 1-phenylpyrazoles of formula (I) used in the method of the present invention fall within a broader group of compounds which has been previously described as insecticides. It has been found that, surprisingly, the compounds of formula (I) and most especially compound (A), display a wide variety of plant growth regulating properties, depending upon the concentration used, the formulation employed ad the type of plant species treated.

By virtue of the practice of the present invention a wide variety of plant growth responses, including the following, may be induced:

  • a. more developed root system
  • b. tillering increase
  • c. increase in plant height
  • d. bigger leaf blade
  • e. less dead basal leaves
  • f. stronger tillers
  • g. greener leaf color
  • h. less fertilizers needed
  • i. less seeds needed
  • j. more productive tillers
  • k. less third non productive tillers
  • l. earlier flowering
  • m. early grain maturity
  • n. less plant verse (lodging)
  • o. longer panicles
  • p. increased shooth growth
  • q. improved plant vigour
  • r. early germination
  • s. more fruit and better yield (weight) of fruit.

It is intended that as used in the instant specification the term "method for regulating plant growth" or "method for regulating the growth of plants" means the achievement of any of the aforementioned nineteen categories of response or any other modification of plant, seed, fruit or vegetable (whether the fruit or vegetable is unharvested or harvested) so long as the net result is to increase growth or benefit any property of the plant, seed, fruit or vegetable as distinguished from any pesticidal action (unless the present invention is practised in conjunction with or in the presence of a pesticide, for example a herbicide). The term "fruit" as used in the instant specification is to be understood as meaning anything of economic value that is produced by the plant.

Suitable formulations for plant growth regulating compositions are known. A description of suitable formulations which may be used in the method of the invention can be found in international patent publications WO 87/3781, 93/6089, 94/21606 as well as in European patent application 295117 and US Patent 5232940. The formulations described in said prior art are mainly intended for insecticidal purposes. Formulations or compositions for plant growth regulating uses can be made in a similar way, opting the ingredients, if necessary, to make them more suitable to the plant or soil to which the application is to be made.

The 1-phenylpyrazoles of formula (I) may be applied for plant growth regulating purposes to the foliage of plants and/or to the soil in which said plants are growing. Applications to the soil are often in the form of granules which are usually applied in sufficient amount to provide a rate of from about 0.005 kg/ha to about 0.5 kg/ha of active ingredient, preferably between 0.01 and 0.2 kg/ha.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is a method for regulating the growth of plants comprising applying to the seeds from which said plants grow, prior to sowing said seeds, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula (I). The seed may be treated, especially by coating or embedding or impregnation or soaking or dipping in liquid or paste formulations which are known per se and are subsequently dried. Seed comprising 2 to 1000 gram per quintal of a compound of formula (I), preferably 5 to 800 g/q, most preferably 5 to 250 g/q are particularly appropriate for this purpose.

Advantageously, compounds of formula (I) can also be formulated as flowable compositions, wettable powders, microemulsions and the like, all of which lend themselves to soil, water and/or foliage application and provide the requisite plant growth regulating action. Such formulations include the compounds of the invention admixed with inert, agriculturally acceptable solid or liquid diluents.

The formulations may comprise other active ingredients in addition to the compound of formula (I). For example, mixtures with fungicidally active ingredient may be used.

Wettable powders and granular concentrate formulations for use in the method of the invention can be prepared by grinding together a 1-phenylpyrazole compound of formula (I), with about 1% to 20% by weight of a solid anionic surfactant. One suitable anionic surfactant is a dioctyl ester of sodium sulfosuccinic acid. About 85% to 95%, by weight, of an inert solid diluent, such as montmorillonite, attapulgite, chalk, talc, kaolin, diatomaceous earth, limestone, silicates or the like is also included in such formulations, as well as other adjuvants as previously indicated.

In addition to the granules and wettable powder formulations described hereinabove, flowable formulations can be used since they are readily dispersible in water and can be applied to the proper locus where the plant growth regulating action is required.

The pyrazole derivatives used in the method of the present invention have a low solubility in water but can be used at low doses. So, they can be applied to plants in aqueous solutions or emulsions or, preferably, suspensions comprising water and, optionnally, other adjuvants. Partial aqueous media include those formed of water and, for instance, acetone or methyl ethyl ketone. Any liquid medium can be used provided that it is not toxic to the plant, and preferably not to the environment, Where any particular pyrazole derivative is less water-soluble, it can be solubilized by the use of co-solvents or wetting agents or it can be suspended by mean of dispersing agents which can be used simultaneously with e.g. surfactants and extenders. Other media, including solids, like talc, will occur to those skilled in the art. The compounds used in the process of this invention can be absorbed onto solid carriers such as vermiculite, attaclay, talc and the like for application via a granular vehicle. Application of diluted aqueous formulations or solids is accomplished using conventional equipment that is well known in the art.

As will be demonstrated in connection with certain examples in this specification, compounds used in the process of the present invention have been effective in regulating plant growth and development in connection with a wide variety of plant species at various concentrations of active pyrazole compounds.

The precise amount of pyrazole compound to be used will depend, inter alia, upon the particular plant species being treated. A suitable dose may be determined by the man skilled in the art by routine experimentation. The plant response will depend upon the total amount of compound used, as well as the particular plant species which is being treated. Of course, the amount of pyrazole compound should be non-phytotoxic with respect to the plant being treated.

Although the preferred method of application of the compounds used in the process of this invention is directly to the foliage and stems of plants, the compounds can be applied to the soil in which the plants are growing. Such compounds will be root-absorbed to a sufficient extent so as to result in plant responses in accordance with the teachings of this invention.

The process of the present invention is often preferably carried out on growing plants as set forth in many of the examples in this specification. However, the process of the present inventions is advantageously carried out as a seed treatment, for instance, of rice seed, lettuce seeds, oat seeds and soybean seeds.

The following examples are illustrative of methods of plant growth regulation according to the invention, but should not be understood as limiting the invention as modifications in materials and methods will be apparent to the skilled worker. All measurements of plant growth regulating effects were determined using untreated seeds and/or plants as controls.

Example 1

Rice seed was treated by mixing the seed with a suspension concentrate containing 5 % w/w of compound A. This mixing resulted in a coated seed which was immediately sown on a 1000 m2 area so as to have 30g/ha of active ingredient. The results were observed from the seedling emergence through to harvest. Some insects were present and killed. Results were observed 35 days after sowing. A 5.4 % yield increase was observed with following plant growth regulating effect : greener plants, higher plants, less dead basal leaves, bigger leaf blade, flowering 2 days earlier.

Example 2

Example 1 was repeated. Results were observed 60 days after sowing. A 7 % yield increase was observed with following plant growth regulating effect : greener plants, higher plants, less dead basal leaves, bigger leaf blade, flowering 2 days earlier, longer panicles, brighter color of grain.

Example 3

Example 1 was repeated except that 40 g/ha of active ingredient were applied. The same results were obtained but also stronger tillers were observed as well as less plant verse.

Example 4

Example 1 was repeated except that 50 g/ha of active ingredient were applied. The same results were obtained but also a 15 % growth tillers increase was observed as well as a 9.5 % yield increase.

Example 5

Rice seed was sown and the seed bed (acid sulphate soil) was treated (soil treatment) by spraying it with a suspension concentrate containing 5 % w/w of compound A. After treatment, transplantation of rice was made as usual. The treatment of seed bed was made 24 days before transplantation. The following plant growth regulating effects were observed : stronger seedlings, flowering 6 days earlier, 25 % increase in tillers, harvest 6 days earlier, 100 % yield increase.

Example 6

Rice seed was sown and the flooded seed bed was treated (soil treatment) by sprinkling granules containing 0.3 % w/w of compound A on it. After treatment, transplantation of rice was made as usual. The treatment of seed bed was made 11 days before transplantation. The following plant growth regulating effects were observed : stronger seedlings, 50 % increase in tillers, fertilizers reduced by 40 kg urea and 50 kg/ha of superphosphate, 7 % yield increase.

Example 7

Corn seeds were sown in 3.5 liters pots (six plants per pot). Immediately after sowing, granules containing compound A were spread on the soil. The granules contained 1.5 % w/w of active ingredient and they were spread so as to have a dose of 120 g/ha of active ingredient on the soil. Plants were properly watered. One month and one week after, the dry root weight was measured. The root weight is about 42 g for the treated pots and 30 g for the untreated pots.

Example 8

Rice seed was germinated 48 hours in water at 30°C and then sown in pots. After the emergence of the seedings, granules containing 0.3% w/w of compound A were applied to the soil at rates of 200 and 100 g/ha. No phytotoxicity was observed with any of the formulations or rates. Periodically, sets of pots were harvested and dry weights of the roots were determined. Pyrazole treatments increased the dry root mass per pot by an average of 36 % over that of the untreated seedlings 28 days after treatment.

Example 9

Soybean seed was treated with a mixture of an insecticidally active compound together with a fungicidally active compound. Soybean was sown at 60 kg/ha in a plot having, after growing, 1000 plants per plot. The seeds germinated and the plants were grown up, up to the time of harvest, and observations were made all along that time.

The results in the following Table demonstrate clearly that the plant growth regulating activity of compound A is not attributable simply to its insecticidal activity. Other comparable insecticides do not produce plant growth regulation whereas the results obtained with compound A clearly show a plant growth regulatory effect.

The following active ingredients and doses were applied: Insecticide Fungicide Dose of insecticide in g/ha Dose of fungicide in g/ha Yield (kg) per 250 plants Number of pod per plants (average) Compound A Benomyl 30 150 4.87 26 Compound A Captan 30 300 6.21 26.7 Carbosulfan Benomyl 300 150 3.46 19.6 Carbosulfan Captan 300 300 2.18 16.8 Thiodicarb Benomyl 675 150 3.27 16.5 Thiodicarb Captan 675 300 2.15 21.1 Methomyl Benomyl 225 150 1.85 16.2 Methomyl Captan 225 300 3.57 22.7

The following observations were made : Bean fly control was higher than 95 % both with compound A and Carbosulfan. The plant growth with compound A was very much accelerated during the first month after sowing. Compound A-treated plants were taller and healthier, leaves were wider, greener and shiny, branches were stronger and there were more branches, and plant canopying was faster than other treatments so that there were less weeds.

The number of pod/plant was 24 to 37 % higher with Compound A than with Carbosulfan. The yield was much higher when compound A was applied. Both the yield and the average number of pods per plant were also higher using compound A than when thiodicarb and methomyl were used.

Example 10

Rice seed was treated with a formulation of compound A at a rate of 40 g/hectare field-sown at a rate of 150 kg/hectare and covered with a thin layer of soil. Afterwards the seed was allowed to germinate and the plants grow to maturity and the rice crop harvested. A yield increase of 660 kg/hectare above normal conditions (not sown seed treated with compound A) was found. The amount of savings in fertiliser was the following: Nitrogen- 18 kg/hectare that is to say 18% less than standard protocol; Phosphates 7 kg/hectare, that is to say 16% less than standard protocol.

When repeating the experimental conditions of examples 1 to 10 with loci in which no insects were expected to be or to pass through, inhabit, visit or fly through, the same results were obtained : the plant growth regulation effects of compound A were the same as the conditions in which insects were present at the loci. The insects, if any, were eliminated by application of compound A. When no insects were expected, there is no reason to apply compound A as an insecticidally active ingredient or composition. The application of compound A for plant growth regulation purposes was producing the effects as indicated in examples 1 to 10.

While the invention has been described in terms of various preferred embodiments, the skilled artisan will appreciate that various modifications, substitutions, omissions and changes can be made without departing from the spirit thereof. Accordingly, it is intended that the scope of the present invention be limited solely by the scope of the following claims, including equivalents thereof.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Regulieren des Wachstums von Pflanzen, welches umfaßt, auf die Pflanzen, auf die Samen, aus denen sie wachsen, oder auf den Ort, an dem sie wachsen, eine nicht-phytotoxische, wirksame, das Pflanzenwachstum regulierende Menge einer Verbindung mit der Formel:
    in der:
    • R1 CN oder Methyl ist;
    • R2 S(O)nR3 ist;
    • R3 Alkyl oder Halogenalkyl ist;
    • R4 ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, umfassend ein Wasserstoffatom, ein Halogenatom und einen Rest, der -NR5R6, C(O)OR7, -S(O)mR7, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, -OR8 oder -N=C(R9) (R10) sein kann;
    • R5 und R6 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus einem Wasserstoffatom, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, -C(O)alkyl, -S(O)rCF3; oder R5 und R6 zusammen einen zweiwertigen Rest bilden, der durch ein oder mehrere Heteroatom(e) unterbrochen sein kann;
    • R7 ausgewählt ist aus Alkyl oder Halogenalkyl;
    • R8 ausgewählt ist aus Alkyl, Halogenalkyl oder dem Wasserstoffatom;
    • R9 ausgewählt ist aus dem Wasserstoffatom und Alkyl;
    • R10 ausgewählt ist aus Phenyl oder Heteroaryl, das gegebenenfalls substituiert ist durch eine oder mehrere Hydroxygruppen, ein Halogenatom, -O-alkyl, -S-alkyl, Cyano oder Alkyl oder Kombinationen davon;
    • X ausgewählt ist aus dem Stickstoffatom und dem Rest C-R12;
    • R11 und R12 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus einem Halogenatom oder dem Wasserstoffatom;
    • R13 ausgewählt ist aus einem Halogenatom, Halogenalkyl, Halogenalkoxy, -S(O)qCF3, -SF5,;
    • m, n, q, r unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus 0, 1 und 2;

      mit der Maßgabe, daß, wenn R1 Methyl ist, R3 Halogenalkyl ist,
    • R4 NH2 ist, R11 Cl ist, R13 CF3 ist und X N ist,

      aufzubringen.
  2. Verfahren zum Regulieren des Wachstums einer Pflanze an einem Ort, an dem sich keine Insekten befinden oder bei dem nicht erwartet wird, daß sie sich an diesem befinden, oder bei dem nicht erwartet wird, daß sie sich durch diesen hindurchbewegen oder diesen durchqueren oder diesen bewohnen oder besuchen oder durch diesen fliegen, wobei das Verfahren das Aufbringen einer nicht-phytotoxischen, wirksamen, das Pflanzenwachstum regulierenden Menge einer Verbindung mit der Formel:
    wobei alle Substituenten wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind, auf diesen Ort oder auf die Pflanzensamen daraus umfaßt.
  3. Verfahren zum Regulieren des Wachstums von Pflanzen, welches umfaßt, auf die Samen, aus denen die Pflanzen wachsen, vor dem Aussäen der Samen eine nicht-phytotoxische, wirksame, das Pflanzenwachstum regulierende Menge einer Verbindung mit der Formel:
    wobei alle Substituenten wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind, aufzubringen.
  4. Verfahren zum Regulieren des Wachstums von Pflanzen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Reis, Mais, Getreide, Gemüse- und Sojabohnenpflanzen und Turf, wobei das Verfahren umfaßt, auf die Pflanzen, auf die Samen, aus denen sie wachsen, oder auf den Ort, an dem sie wachsen, eine nicht-phytotoxische, wirksame, das Pflanzenwachstum regulierende Menge einer Verbindung mit der Formel:
    wobei alle Substituenten wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind, aufzubringen.
  5. Verfahren zum Regulieren des Wachstums von Sojabohnenpflanzen, welches umfaßt, auf die Samen, aus denen die Sojabohnenpflanzen wachsen, vor dem Aussäen der Samen eine nichtphytotoxische, wirksame, das Pflanzenwachstum regulierende Menge einer Verbindung mit der Formel:
    wobei alle Substituenten, wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind, aufzubringen.
  6. Verfahren zum Behandeln von Pflanzen, die eine Wachstumsregulation benötigen, welches umfaßt, auf die Pflanzen, auf die Samen, aus denen sie wachsen, oder auf den Ort, an dem sie wachsen, eine nicht-phytotoxische, wirksame, das Pflanzenwachstum regulierende Menge einer Verbindung mit der Formel:
    wobei alle Substituenten wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind, aufzubringen.
  7. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei
    • R1 CN ist und/oder
    • R4 -NR5R6 ist und/oder
    • R5 und R6 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus dem Wasserstoffatom, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, -C(O)alkyl, C(O)OR7 und/oder
    • X C-R12 ist und/oder
    • R13 ausgewählt ist aus einem Halogenatom, Halogenalkyl, Halogenalkoxy oder -SF5.
  8. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei
    • R1 CN ist,
    • R4 -NR5R6 ist,
    • R5 und R6 unabhängig ausgewählt sind aus dem Wasserstoffatom, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, -C(O)alkyl, C(O)OR7,
    • X C-R12 ist,
    • R13 ausgewählt ist aus einem Halogenatom, Halogenalkyl, Halogenalkoxy oder -SF5.
  9. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei die Verbindung der Formel (I) 5-Amino-3-cyano-1-(2,6-dichlor-4-trifluormethylphenyl)4-trifluormethylsulfinylpyrazol ist.
  10. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei die das Pflanzenwachstum regulierende Menge der Verbindung der Formel (I), die aufgebracht wird, ausreichend ist, um mindestens einen das Pflanzenwachstum regulierenden Effekt, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus:
    • a. besser entwickeltes Wurzelsystem,
    • b. Zunahme der Bestockung,
    • c. Zunahme der Pflanzenhöhe,
    • d. größere Blattspreite,
    • e. weniger tote Basalblätter,
    • f. stärkere Bestockungstriebe,
    • g. grünere Blattfarbe,
    • h. geringerer Düngerbedarf,
    • i. geringerer Samenbedarf,
    • j. produktivere Bestockungstriebe,
    • k. weniger nicht-produktive Dritt-Bestockungstriebe,
    • l. frühere Blüte,
    • m. frühere Kornreife,
    • n. weniger Sich-Umlegen der Pflanzen (Niederliegen),
    • o. längere Rispen,
    • p. verstärktes Sproßwachstum,
    • q. verbesserte Lebenskraft der Pflanze,
    • r. frühe Keimung,
    • s. mehr Früchte und bessere Fruchtausbeute (Gewicht), zu gewährleisten.
  11. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei eine Verbindung der Formel (I) auf die Pflanzen oder auf den Ort, an dem sie wachsen, in Form eines Granulats in einer Ausbringungsmenge von 0,005 kg/ha bis 0,5 kg/ha aufgebracht wird.
  12. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei eine Verbindung der Formel (I) auf die Pflanzen oder auf den Ort, an dem sie wachsen, in Form eines Granulats in einer Ausbringungsmenge von 0,01 kg/ha bis 0,2 kg/ha aufgebracht wird.
  13. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei eine Verbindung der Formel (I) auf die Samen in einer Dosisrate von 2 bis 1000 g pro Doppelzentner Samen aufgebracht wird.
  14. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei eine Verbindung der Formel (I) auf die Samen in einer Dosisrate von 5 bis 800 g pro Doppelzentner Samen aufgebracht wird.
  15. Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, wobei eine Verbindung der Formel (I) auf die Samen in einer Dosisrate von 5 bis 250 g pro Doppelzentner Samen aufgebracht wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A method for regulating the growth of plants comprising applying to said plants, to the seeds from which they grow or to the locus in which they grow, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula:
    wherein:
    • R1 is CN or methyl;
    • R2 is S(O)nR3;
    • R3 is alkyl or haloalkyl;
    • R4 is selected from the group comprising a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, and a radical which may be -NR5R6, C(O)OR7, -S(O)mR7, alkyl, haloalkyl, -OR8, or - N=C(R9)(R10);
    • R5 and R6 are independently selected from a hydrogen atom, alkyl, haloalkyl, - C(O)alkyl, -S(O)rCF3; or R5 and R6 form together a divalent radical which may be interrupted by one or more heteroatoms;
    • R7 is selected from alkyl or haloalkyl;
    • R8 is selected from alkyl, haloalkyl or the hydrogen atom;
    • R9 is selected from the hydrogen atom and alkyl;
    • R10 selected from phenyl or heteroaryl that is optionally substituted by one or more hydroxy, a halogen atom, -O-alkyl, -S-alkyl, cyano, or alkyl or combinations thereof;
    • X is selected from the Nitrogen atom and the radical C-R12;
    • R11 and R12 are independently selected from a halogen atom or the hydrogen atom;
    • R13 is selected from a halogen atom, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, -S(O)qCF3, -SF5; m,n,q,r are independently selected from 0,1, and 2;

      provided that when R1 is methyl, R3 is haloalkyl, R4 is NH2, R11 is Cl, R13 is CF3, and X is N.
  2. A method of regulating the growth of a plant at a locus at which there are no insects, or at which they are not expected to be or through which they are not expected to pass, or traverse, or inhabit or visit or fly, said method comprising the application thereto or to the plant seed therefrom of a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound of formula:
    wherein all substituents are defined as in claim 1.
  3. A method for regulating the growth of plants comprising applying to the seeds from which said plants grow, prior to sowing said seeds, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula:
    wherein all substituents are defined as in claim 1.
  4. A method for regulating the growth of plants selected from the group consisting of rice, corn, cereal, vegetable and soybean plants and turf, said method comprising applying to said plants, to the seeds from which they grow or to the locus in which they grow, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula:
    wherein all substituents are defined as in claim 1.
  5. A method for regulating the growth of soybean plants comprising applying to the seeds from which said soybean plants grow, prior to sowing said seeds, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula:
    wherein all substituents are defined as in claim 1.
  6. A method for treating plants in need of growth regulation, comprising applying to said plants, to the seeds from which they grow or to the locus in which they grow, a non-phytotoxic, effective plant growth regulating amount of a compound having the formula:
    wherein all substituents are defined as in claim 1.
  7. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein:
    • R1 is CN; and/or
    • R4 is -NR5R6; and/or
    • R5 and R6 are independently selected from the hydrogen atom, alkyl, haloalkyl, - C(O)alkyl, C(O)OR7; and/or
    • X is C-R12; and/or
    • R13 is selected from a halogen atom, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or -SF5.
  8. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein:
    • R1 is CN;
    • R4 is -NR5R6;
    • R5 and R6 are independently selected from the hydrogen atom, alkyl, haloalkyl, - C(O)alkyl, C(O)OR7;
    • X is C-R12;
    • R13 is selected from a halogen atom, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or -SF5.
  9. A method according to any one to any one of the foregoing claims wherein the compound of formula (I) is 5-amino-3-cyano-1-(2,6-dichloro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-4-trifluoromethylsulfinylpyrazole.
  10. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein the plant growth regulating amount of the compound of formula (I) applied is sufficient to provide at least one plant growth regulating effect selected from the group consisting of:
    • a. more developed root system
    • b. tillering increase
    • c. increase in plant height
    • d. bigger leaf blade
    • e. less dead basal leaves
    • f. stronger tillers
    • g. greener leaf color
    • h. less fertilizers needed
    • i. less seeds needed
    • j. more productive tillers
    • k. less third non productive tillers
    • l. earlier flowering
    • m. early grain maturity
    • n. less plant verse (lodging)
    • o. longer panicles
    • p. increased shooth growth
    • q. improved plant vigour
    • r. early germination
    • s. more fruit and better yield (weight) of fruit.
  11. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein a compound of formula (I) is applied to said plants or to the locus in which they grow in the form of granules at an application rate of from 0.005 kg/ha to 0.5 kg/ha.
  12. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein a compound of formula (I) is applied to said plants or to the locus in which they grow in the form of granules at an application rate from 0.01 kg/ha to 0.2 kg/ha.
  13. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein a compound of formula (I) is applied to said seeds at a dose rate of from 2 to 1000 grams per quintal of seed.
  14. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein a compound of formula (I) is applied to said seeds at a dose rate of from 5 to 800 grams per quintal of seed
  15. A method according to any one of the foregoing claims wherein a compound of formula (I) is applied to said seeds at a dose rate of from 5 to 250 grams per quintal of seed.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Méthode de régulation de la croissance des plantes comprenant l'application aux dites plantes, aux graines à partir desquelles elles poussent ou au lieu dans lequel elles poussent, d'une quantité efficace, non-phytotoxique, d'un composé de formule (I), régulateur de croissance des plantes :
    dans laquelle :
    • R1 représente -CN ou le radical méthyle ;
    • R2 représente -S(O)nR3 ;
    • R3 représente un radical alkyle ou haloalkyle;
    • R4 est choisi parmi le groupe comprenant l'atome d'hydrogène, un atome d'halogènes, et un radical qui peut être -NR5R6, -C(O)OR7, -S(O)mR7, alkyle, haloalkyle, -OR8, ou -N=C(R9)(R10) ;
    • R5 et R6 sont indépendamment choisis parmi l'atome d'hydrogène, un radical alkyle, haloalkyle, -C(O)alkyle, -S(O)rCF3 ; ou R5 et R6 forment ensemble un radical divalent qui peut être interrompu par un ou plusieurs hétéroatomes ;
    • R7 est choisi parmi un radical alkyle et un radical haloalkyle ;
    • R8 est choisi parmi un radical alkyle, un radical haloalkyle et l'atome d'hydrogène ;
    • R9 est choisi parmi l'atome d'hydrogène et un radical alkyle ;
    • R10 est choisi entre un radical phényle et hétéroaryle éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs radicaux hydroxy, atomes d'halogènes, -O-alkyle, -S-alkyle, cyano ou alkyle ou une combinaison de ceux-ci ;
    • X est choisi parmi l'atome d'azote et le radical C-R12 ;
    • R11 et R12 sont indépendamment choisis parmi un atome d'halogènes ou l'atome d'hydrogène ;
    • R13 est choisi parmi un atome d'halogènes, un radical haloalkyle, haloalkoxy, -S(O)qCF3, et -SF5 ;
    • m, n, q, r sont indépendamment choisis parmi 0, 1 et 2 ;

      avec la restriction que lorsque R1 représente le radical méthyle alors R3 représente un radical haloalkyle, R4 représente -NH2, R11 représente Cl, R13 représente -CF3, et X représente N.
  2. Méthode de régalation de la croissance des plantes dans un lieu dépourvu d'insectes, ou dans lequel on ne s'attend pas à trouver des insectes ou dans lequel on ne s'attend pas à voir passer, traverser, résides, séjourner ou voler des insectes, la dite méthode comprenant l'application à celles-ci ou à leurs graines d'une quantité efficace, non-phytotoxique, d'un composé de formule (I), régulateur de croissance des plantes :
    dans laquelle tous les substituants sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1.
  3. Méthode de régulation de la croissance des plantes comprenant l'application aux graines à partir desquelles les dites plantes poussent, avant de semer les dites graines, d'une quantité efficace, non-phytotoxique, d'un composé de formule (I), régulateur de croissance des plantes :
    dans laquelle tous les substituants sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1.
  4. Méthode de régulation de la croissance des plantes choisies parmi le groupe comprenant riz, mais, céréales, légumes, soja et gazon, la dite méthode comprenant l'application aux dites plantes, aux graines à partir desquelles elles poussent ou au lieu dans lequel elles poussent, d'une quantité efficace, non-phytotoxique, d'un composé de formule (I), régulateur de croissance des plantes :
    dans laquelle tous les substituants sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1.
  5. Méthode de régulation de la croissance du soja comprenant l'application aux graines à partir desquelles le soja pousse, avant de semer les dites graines, d'une quantité efficace, non-phytotoxique, d'un composé de formule (I), régulateur de croissance des plantes :
    dans laquelle tous les substituants sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1.
  6. Méthode de traitement des plantes nécessitant une régulation de croissance, comprenant l'application aux dites plantes, aux graines à partir desquelles elles poussent ou au lieu dans lequel elles poussent, d'une quantité efficace, non-phytotoxique, d'un composé de formule (I), régrilateur de croissance des plantes :
    dans laquelle tous les substituants sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1.
  7. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle :
    • R1 représente -CN ; et/ou
    • R4 représente -NR5R6 ; et/ou
    • R5 et R6, sont indépendamment choisis parmi l'atome d'hydrogène, un radical alkyle, haloalkyle, -C(O)alkyle, et C(O)OR7 ; et/ou
    • X représente -C-R12 ; et/ou
    • R13 est choisi parmi un atome d'halogènes, un radical haloalkyle, haloalkoxy, et -SF5.
  8. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle :
    • R1 représente -CN ;
    • R4 représente -NR5R6 ;
    • R5 et R6 sont indépendamment choisis parmi l'atome d'hydrogène, un radical alkyle, haloalkyle, -C(O)alkyle, et C(O)OR7 ;
    • X représente -C-R12 ;
    • R13 est choisi parnu un atome d'halogènes, un radical haloalkyle, haloalkoxy, et -SF5.
  9. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle le composé de formule (I) est le 5-amino-3-cyano-1-(2,6-dichloro-4-trifluorométhylphényl)-4-trifluorométhylsufinylpyrazole.
  10. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle la quantité appliquée du composé de formule (I), régulateur de croissance des plantes, est suffisante pour produire au moins un effet régulateur de croissance des plantes choisi parmi le groupe comprenant :
    • a. système racinaire mieux développé
    • b. augmentation du tallage
    • c. augmentation de la hauteur des plantes
    • d. limbe de feuille plus grand
    • e. diminution de la mortalité des feuilles basales
    • f. talles plus vigoureuses
    • g. couleur des feuilles plus verte
    • h. besoin en engrais diminué
    • i. diminution de la quantité de graines requise
    • j. talles plus productives
    • k. moins de talles tierces non productives
    • l. floraison plus précoce
    • m. maturité des grains précoce
    • n. diminution de la verse des plantes
    • o. panicules plus longues
    • p. augmentation de la croissance des pousses
    • q. amélioration de la vigueur des plantes
    • r. germination précoce
    • s. plus de fruits et meilleur rendement (poids) de fruits.
  11. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle un composé de formule (I) est appliqué aux dites plantes ou au lieu dans lequel elles poussent sous la forme de granulés à une dose d'application comprise entre 0,005 kg/ha et 0,5 kg/ha.
  12. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle un composé de formule (I) est appliqué aux dites plantes ou au lieu dans lequel elles poussent sous la forme de granulés à une dose d'application comprise entre 0,01 kg/ha et 0,2 kg/ha.
  13. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle un composé de formule (I) est appliqué aux dites graines à une dose comprise entre 2 et 1000 grammes par quintal de graines.
  14. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle un composé de formule (I) est appliqué aux dites graines à une dose comprise entre 5 et 800 grammes par quintal de graines.
  15. Méthode selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle un composé de formule (I) est appliqué aux dites graines à une dose comprise entre 5 et 250 grammes par quintal de graines.






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