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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0811508 14.12.2000
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0811508
Titel Feuchtigkeitsbeständige, bedruckte Verpackung mit Lackschicht für tiefgekühlte Lebensmittel
Anmelder Westvaco Corp., New York, N.Y., US
Erfinder Claytor, Robinson Camden Perkins, Covington, Virginia 24426, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69703466
Vertragsstaaten DE, FI, FR, GB, IT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 04.06.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 974012478
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 10.12.1997
EP date of grant 08.11.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 14.12.2000
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 7/00
IPC-Nebenklasse B32B 21/12   B65D 65/40   D21H 27/10   D21H 19/84   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the invention

This invention relates to moisture resistant packaging, usable notably for frozen-food, using highly-sized paperboard and press applied moisture resistant over-print varnishes. Such structures of this type, generally, employ a moisture-resistant coating which is placed between the food product and the paperboard in order to provide a barrier for the food from the board and also to prevent the paperboard from absorbing moisture. Also, edge-wick moisture absorption is minimised by the use of the highly-sized sheet.

Description of the Related Art

Cartons which are used for distributing, marketing and, in some cases, heating portions of prepared foods are fabricated with a paperboard structural substrate. In some applications, the paperboard may be coated with a polymeric or similar material for barrier or aesthetic purposes. A water-resistant coating is placed between the food product and the paperboard to provide a barrier for the food from the board and, also, to prevent the paperboard from absorbing moisture from the food. In cases where the product is continuously kept frozen, this is usually adequate. However, markets in developing countries where electricity is expensive and freezers are turned off at night, the outside and inside surfaces of the packages are often exposed to liquid water from condensation and thawing which can ruin the functionality of the package and its appearance. Different methods of rectifying this problem have led to trade-offs in print quality, ease of printing and water resistance of the package.

Current frozen food packaging using paperboard consists of paperboard with extruded polymers or wax on the food contact side. This allows the outside of the carton to be used as a printing surface for the graphics desired by the retailer. However, under some conditions as discussed above, the package is subjected to high moisture or liquid water that penetrates the paperboard through the printed surface and through "edge-wicking". Water absorption can ruin the package appearance by warping the board, thereby causing the coating/ink surface to flake and reducing package integrity through paperboard delamination.

Another package design utilises an extruded polymer or wax application on both sides of the paperboard. This design prevents water penetration through the paperboard, but does not address edge-wicking. It is also less desirable since it requires the package to have a printed overwrap or the printing be performed on a polymer or wax surface. Also, it is well known that printing on a polymer or wax surface may result in the graphic quality being compromised as compared to printing on a clay-coated paperboard surface. It is also less desirable for the printer/converter to print on a polymer/wax surface because this requires special links, equipment and other infrastructure.

A further package design involves laminating a film on the outside over the printed or non-printed paperboard. This requires an additional step beyond printing which increases cost and rejection rate on the package. Exemplary of such designs are US Patent No. 4,595,611 ('611) to Quick et al., entitled "Ink-Printed Ovenable Food Containers" and US Patent No. 4,830,902 ('902) to Plantega et al., entitled "Paper Object Printed With Ink and Coated With A Protective Layer". While the '611 patent discloses the use of an outside film over the printed or non-printed paperboard, the '611 reference is primarily concerned with the use of a sulphonated polyester to improve adhesion of a food-contact, heat sealable polyester layer. The use of an over-print varnish to protect printing is discussed, but the use of this coating to improve the functioning of the package in terms of watering resistance is not mentioned.

With respect to the '902 patent, again while it discusses the use of a film on the outside over the printed paperboard, it does not teach any mention of moisture resistance of the applied coating, the sizing level of the paperboard substrate or any type of packaging. Also, the '902 patent discloses the use of an over-print varnish to protect the printing on a paper substrate, but not as a functional characteristic of a frozen-food package. Finally, ovenability is not mentioned. Therefore, a more advantageous package, then, would be presented if the over-print varnish would improve the water resistance of the package, while at the same time protecting the printing on the paper substrate.

EP-A 0 737 593 (Westvaco Corporation) discloses paperboard lids having a radiation-cured overpaint varnish. Such structures of this type, generally, protect the graphics which are printed upon the paperboard lid such that the graphics are not distorted and/or marred during the platen sealing process. The lids having overpaint varnish include a conventional paperboard substrate, a conventional barrier coating, a conventional particulate mineral layer, a conventional printed graphics layer and the radiation-cured overprint varnish layer.

EP-A 0 737 593 constitutes prior art according to Article 54(3)(4) EPC for the designated states or the DE, FR, GB and IT, and is thus not relevant to the appreciation of the inventive step of the invention of the present patent application.

Finally, FR-A 2 500 019 (Jean Venthenat and Michel Venthenat) refers to a composite wrapping sheet for food products, notably for soft cheeses, and to a method of preparing such a sheet. Said sheet is characterised in that it comprises a combination of a paper support sheet, a print on the recto side of said paper support sheet, a varnish outer layer covering the print, and a rough inner layer having a certain permeability.

It is apparent from the above that there exists a need in the art for an over-print varnish which is capable of being coated on a frozen-food package, and which at least equals the printing protection characteristics of the known over-print varnishes, but which at the same time is able to increase the water resistance and reduce the edge-wicking of the package.

It is a purpose of this invention to fulfil this and other needs in the art in a manner more apparent to the skilled artisan once given the following disclosure.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Generally speaking, this invention fulfils these needs by providing a composite structure usable notably for paperboard packaging, in particular for frozen food, having decreased edge-wicking and including an over-print varnish for increasing moisture resistance, comprising a water resistant, over-print varnish layer, a print graphics layer located interior to the varnish layer, a layer of particulate minerals located interior to the print graphics layer, a paperboard substrate located interior to the layer of particulate minerals, and a food-contact polymer layer located interior to the paperboard substrate.

In certain preferred embodiments, the water-resistant, over-print varnish is press-applied over the graphics layer. Also, the paperboard substrate is a highly-sized paperboard to prevent edge-wicking. Finally, a layer of a hold-out varnish may be located between the water-resistant varnish layer and the print graphics layer to further increase water-resistance.

In another further preferred embodiment, moisture resistance and edge-wicking of the paperboard package composite structure are substantially improved through the use of the over-print varnish and the highly-sized paperboard.

Other invention embodiments are set forth in the claims which are incorporated in the specification in their entirety by reference, including the method for constructing the composite structure, and use of said composite structure for paperboard packaging, in particular for frozen-food.

The preferred package, according to this invention, offers the following advantages: lightness in weight; ease of assembly; good stability; excellent durability; good economy; reduced edge-wicking; and increased moisture resistance. In fact, in many of the preferred embodiments, these factors of ease of assembly, durability, reduced edge-wicking, and increased moisture resistance are optimised to the extent that is considerably higher than heretofore achieved in prior, known package composite structure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

The above and other features of the present invention, which will become more apparent as the description proceeds, are best understood by considering the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • FIGURE 1 is a cross-sectional illustration of a coated substrate used for a frozen-food package including an over-print varnish for increasing moisture resistance, according to the present invention; and
  • FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional illustration of another embodiment of a coated substrate, according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention focuses on providing moisture/water resistance of a packaging material by addressing the water absorption through the edge (edge-wicking) and through both surfaces separately. The food-contact surface may provide water resistance by using a multitude of polymers, waxes or coatings that are appropriate for this intended use (heat resistant for ovenable cartons, etc.). This is no different than the methods previously described. Edge-wick moisture absorption is minimised by use of a highly-sized substrate such as liquid packaging paperboard.

Moisture absorption from the outside of cartons prepared from the packaging material is minimised, according to the present invention, by using a water-resistant varnish that is applied to a paperboard substrate subsequent to printing the desired graphics, preferably, on the same printing press. This methodology allows for a clay-coated paperboard to be used so that printability is enhanced. The clay-coating will also provide some "hold-out" for the water-resistant varnish so that a continuous film may be applied while using low coat weights of the varnish, thus, resulting in a lower cost package. It also avoids the costly extra step of laminating a water-resistant film to the printed side. The structure of the package is described more completely below with reference to FIGURE 1.

With reference to FIGURE 1, there is illustrated an advantageous coated substrate for use in a frozen-food package including an over-print varnish for increased moisture resistance and decreased edge-wicking. More particularly, composite structure 2 includes, in part, from exterior to interior, over-print varnish layer 4, print graphics layer 6, particulate mineral layer 8, highly-sized paperboard substrate 10, and food contact polymer layer 12.

Over-print varnish layer 4, preferably, is applied by a printing press at an application rate or coat weight of at least 4.88 g/m2 (1 pound per 1,000 ft2). Preferably, any suitable acrylic-based type of over-print varnish can be used. Particulate mineral layer 8 is, preferably, a fluidised bed of minerals such as coating clay, calcium carbonate, and/or titanium dioxide with starch or adhesive which is smoothly applied to a travelling web surface. Successive densification and polishing by calendering finishes the mineral coated surface to a high degree of smoothness and a superior graphics print surface. Substrate 10 is, typically, paperboard constructed from a 0.046 cm (0.018 in.) thick solid bleached sulphate (SBS) sheet. Definitively, the term paperboard describes paper within the thickness range of 0.020 to 0.071 cm (0.008 to 0.028 in.). The invention is relative to the full scale of such a range as applied to packaging and beyond. Substrate 10. preferably, is sized according to conventional techniques and at a sizing application rate, by weight, of the addition of approximately 0.8% of rosin size or 0.4% alkyl ketene dimer size. Food contact polymer layer 12 can include any suitable food contact polymer such as, but not limited to, polyethylene terephthalate, polypropylene, polyethylene, and nylon. Finally, layer 12. preferably, is applied at a rate of approximately 92.72 g/m2 (19 pounds per 1,000 ft2).

With respect to FIGURE 2, there is illustrated another embodiment of a composite structure 20. Structure 20 includes, in part, water-resistant varnish layer 4, a second hold-out varnish layer 22, print graphics layer 6, particulate mineral layer 8, paperboard substrate layer 10, and food contact polymer layer 12. Layers 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12, preferably, are constructed of the same materials as their corresponding layers in composite structure 2.

However, composite structure 20 includes an additional hold-out varnish layer 22 located between water-resistant varnish layer 4 and print layer 6. Layer 22, preferably, is constructed of any suitable overprint varnish. Also, layer 22 is applied at a coat weight of approximately 4.88 g/m2 (1 pound per 1,000 ft2). It has been determined that by applying layer 22 prior to the application of layer 4, a significant improvement in water resistance can be obtained. The improvement is shown in the Table, below.

Composite structures 2 and 20 are preferable to most printers/converters since they involve printing on a clay coated surface rather than on a polymer surface. As discussed above, printing on polymers involves special inks, equipment and requires extra drying time to pass through. It also often involves extra warehouse space to allow pallets of printed substrate to dry prior to converting or additional printing. Without additional warehousing to allow drying, printing on polymers often excludes the use of two passes through the printing press which reduces the type of presses that can be used and the number of colours that can be applied to a package. Printing on a clay-coated surface, then applying the water-resistant varnish or a water resistant varnish and a hold-out varnish, according to the present invention, allows the printer to pursue various options in printing graphics. This is because the press application of the varnishes eliminates an extra converting step that is currently necessary with many packages.

Laboratory trials using water-resistant varnishes on ovenable paperboard (clay-coated solid bleached sulphate (SBS) with a polyethylene terephthalate coating) and liquid packaging paperboard with polyethylene were conducted. The results, in the Table below, demonstrate how the water-resistant varnish and the use of a highly-sized paperboard have superior water-resistance as compared to standard ovenable paperboard. Sample % water pick-up* PET-coated paperboard (control) 51% PET-coated liquid packaging paperboard (control) 52% PET-paperboard with varnish 28% PET-liquid packaging paperboard with varnish 13%** Polymer-coated both side paperboard >5%
* % water pick up is defined as the weight of water absorbed by the paperboard after 1 hour of submersion divided by the initial weight of the paperboard. 15% is the limit established by a typical customer/converter. ** 13% is an average value taken from values ranging from 7% to 25%. The 25% data point is believed to be due to inadequate coat weight resulting in a discontinuous film layer.

As can be seen from the data in the TABLE, the use of water resistant varnish with various types of paperboard decreases the percentage of water pick-up i. e., increase the water-resistance. Even though the water pick-up of the varnished aseptic paperboard is not as low as the polymer-both-side paperboard, the converting and printing advantages of the present invention make it more desirable for the customer and the ultimate end user. As discussed above, this is due to the cost, ease of manufacturing and superior graphics when printing on a clay surface as compared to polymer-on-wax surface.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verbundstruktur, verwendbar vor allem für die Verpackung mit Pappe, insbesondere für tiefgekühlte Lebensmittel, einschließlich eines Aufdruck-Lacks, umfassend:
    • eine wasserbeständige, Aufdruck-Lackschicht;
    • eine Druckgrafikschicht, die sich innerhalb der Lackschicht befindet;
    • eine Partikelmineralienschicht, die sich innerhalb der Druckgrafikschicht befindet;
    • ein Pappsubstrat, das eine Leimungssubstanz umfaßt, der das Kantenaufgehen des Pappsubstrats verringert, sich innerhalb der Partikelmineralienschicht befindet; und
    • eine sich im Inneren des Pappsubstrats befindende Polymerschicht mit Nahrungsmittelkontakt.
  2. Struktur nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Leimungssubstanz Harzleim oder Alkylketendimer-Leim ist.
  3. Struktur nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Harzleim in einer Menge von etwa 0,8 Gew.-% des Pappsubstrats vorliegt.
  4. Struktur nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Alkylketendimer-Leim in einer Menge von etwa 0,4 Gew.-% des Pappsubstrats vorliegt.
  5. Struktur nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Lackschicht umfaßt:
    • einen Lack auf Acrylbasis.
  6. Struktur nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Partikelmineralienschicht eine Substanz, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe umfaßt, die aus Ton und Calziumcarbonat besteht.
  7. Struktur nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Polymerschicht eine Zusammensetzung umfaßt, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Polyethylenterephthalat, Polypropylen, Polyethylen und Nylon.
  8. Struktur nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Struktur eine Widerstandslackschicht umfaßt, die sich im wesentlichen zwischen der Aufdruck-Lackschicht und der Druckgrafikschicht befindet.
  9. Struktur nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Widerstandsschicht einen Aufdruck-Lack umfaßt, der zum Überdecken von Druckfarben oder Grafiken geeignet ist.
  10. Verfahren zum Ausführen der Verbundstruktur nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß es die Schritte umfaßt, daß:
    • ein Pappsubstrat mit ersten und zweiten Seiten geleimt wird, um das Kantenaufgehen zu verringern;
    • die erste Seite des Substrats mit einer Schicht aus Polymer mit Nahrungsmittelkontakt beschichtet wird;
    • die zweite Seite des Substrats mit einer Schicht aus Partikelmaterialien beschichtet wird;
    • die Partikelmineralienschicht mit einer Druckgrafikschicht beschichtet wird; und
    • die Grafikschichten mit einer Schicht aus Aufdruck-Lack beschichtet wird, um die Feuchtigkeitsbeständigkeit zu vergrößern.
  11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Beschichtungsschritte weiter den Schritt umfassen, daß:
    • das Polymer mit Nahrungsmittelkontakt, die Partikelmineralien, die Grafiken und der Aufdruck-Lack mit einer Druckerpresse unter Druck aufgebracht werden.
  12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Verleimungsschritt den Schritt des Verleimens des Substrats mit einer Rate, bezogen auf das Gewicht, des Zusatzes von etwa 0,8 % Harzsäure oder 0,4 % Alkylketendimer zum Verleimen umfaßt.
  13. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Polymerschicht mit Nahrungsmittelkontakt mit einem Beschichtungsgewicht von etwa 92,72 g/m2 (19 pounds per 1.000 ft2) beschichtet wird.
  14. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Überlackier-Lack mit einer Beschichtungsrate von wenigstens 4,88 g/m2 (1 pound per 1.000 ft2) aufgetragen wird.
  15. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verfahren weiter den Schritt umfaßt, daß eine Schicht aus Widerstandslack im wesentlichen zwischen der Druckgrafikschicht und der Aufdruck-Lackschicht angeordnet wird.
  16. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Widerstandslackschicht mit einem Beschichtungsgewicht von etwa 4,88 g/m2 (1 pound per 1.000 ft2) aufgetragen wird.
  17. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 16, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Widerstandsschicht mit einer Druckerpresse mit Druck aufgebracht wird.
  18. Verwendung einer Verbundstruktur nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9 zum Verpacken, insbesondere von tiefgekühlten Lebensmitteln.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A composite structure usable notably for paperboard packaging, in particular for frozen-food, including an over-print varnish comprising :
    • a water resistant, over-print varnish layer;
    • a print graphics layer located interior to the varnish layer;
    • a layer of particulate minerals located interior to the print graphics layer;
    • a paperboard substrate, which comprises a sizing substance which decreases edge wicking of said paperboard substrate, located interior to the layer of particulate minerals; and
    • a food-contact polymer layer located interior to the paperboard substrate.
  2. The structure according to claim 1, characterised in that said sizing substance is rosin size or alkyl ketene dimer size.
  3. The structure according to claim 2, characterised in that said rosin size is present in an amount of about 0.8% by weight of said paperboard substrate.
  4. The structure according to claim 2, characterised in that said alkyl ketene dimer size is present in an amount of about 0.4% by weight of said paperboard substrate.
  5. The structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that said varnish layer comprises:
    • an acrylic-based varnish.
  6. The structure according to any one of claims 1 or 5, characterised in that said particulate mineral layer comprises a substance selected from the group consisting of: clay, and calcium carbonate.
  7. The structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterised in that said polymeric layer comprises a compound selected from the group consisting of: polyethylene terephthalate, polypropylene, polyethylene, and Nylon.
  8. The structure according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterised in that said structure comprises a hold-out varnish layer located substantially between said over-print varnish layer and said print graphics layer.
  9. The structure according to claim 8, characterised in that said hold-out layer comprises an over-print varnish suitable to cover inks or graphics.
  10. A method for constructing the composite structure according to claim 1, characterised in that it comprises the steps of:
    • sizing a paperboard substrate having first and second sides to decrease edge-wicking;
    • coating said first side of said substrate with a layer of a food contact polymer;
    • coating said second side of said substrate with a layer of particulate materials;
    • coating said layer of said particulate minerals with a layer of print graphics; and
    • coating said graphic layers with a layer of an over-print varnish to increase moisture resistance.
  11. The method according to claim 10, characterised in that said coating steps are further comprised of the step of:
    • press-applying said food-contact polymer, said particulate minerals, said graphics and said over-print varnish with a printing press.
  12. The method according to claim 10 or 11, characterised in that said sizing step comprises the step of sizing said substrate at a rate, by weight, of the addition of approximately 0.8% rosin acid or 0.4% alkyl ketene dimer to the sizing.
  13. The method according to any one of claims 9 to 12, characterised in that said food-contact polymer layer is coated at a coat weight of approximately 92.72 gm2 (19 pounds per 1,000 ft2).
  14. The method according to any one of claims 9 to 13, characterised in that said over-paint varnish layer is applied at a coat rate of at least 0.45 kg per 92.9 m2 (1 pound per 1,000 ft2).
  15. The method according to any one of claims 9 to 14, characterised in that said method is further comprised of the step of placing a layer of a hold-out varnish substantially between said print graphics layer and said over-print varnish layer.
  16. The method according to any one of claims 9 to 15, characterised in that said hold-out varnish layer is applied at a coat weight of approximately 0.45 kg per 92.9 m2 (1 pound per 1,000 ft2).
  17. The method according to any one of claims 9 to 16, characterised in that said hold-out layer is press-applied with a printing press.
  18. The use of a composite structure according to any one of claims 1 to 8 for packaging, in particular frozen-food packaging.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Structure composite utilisable notamment pour les emballages en carton, en particulier pour des produits alimentaires congelés, incluant un vernis de surimpression, comprenant :
    • une couche de vernis de surimpression résistant à l'eau ;
    • une couche de graphisme imprimé située à l'intérieur par rapport à la couche de vernis ;
    • une couche de matières minérales en particules située à l'intérieur par rapport à la couche de graphisme imprimé ;
    • un support en carton, comprenant une substance d'encollage qui diminue la pénétration capillaire par les arêtes dudit support en carton, situé à l'intérieur par rapport à la couche de matières minérales en particules ; et
    • une couche en polymère de qualité alimentaire située à l'intérieur par rapport au support en carton.
  2. Structure selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que ladite substance d'encollage est de la colle à la colophane ou de la colle à un dimère d'alkylcétène.
  3. Structure selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce que ladite colle à la colophane est présente en une quantité d'environ 0,8 % en masse par rapport audit support en carton.
  4. Structure selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce que ladite colle à un dimère d'alkylcétène est présente en une quantité d'environ 0,4 % en masse par rapport audit support en carton.
  5. Structure selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisée en ce que ladite couche de vernis comprend :
    • un vernis à base d'acrylique.
  6. Structure selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée en ce que ladite couche de matières minérales en particules comprend une substance choisie dans le groupe constitué par le kaolin et le carbonate de calcium.
  7. Structure selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisée en ce que ladite couche polymère comprend un composé choisi dans le groupe constitué par le téréphtalate de polyéthylène, le polypropylène, le polyéthylène et le Nylon.
  8. Structure selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, caractérisée en ce que ladite structure comprend une couche de vernis couvrant localisée substantiellement entre ladite couche de vernis de surimpression et ladite couche de graphisme imprimé.
  9. Structure selon la revendication 8, caractérisée en ce que ladite couche couvrante comprend un vernis de surimpression approprié à la couverture des encres ou des graphismes.
  10. Méthode pour la construction d'une structure composite selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend les étapes :
    • de l'encollage d'un support en carton ayant une première et une seconde faces pour diminuer la pénétration capillaire par les arêtes ;
    • du recouvrement de ladite première face dudit support par une couche d'un polymère de qualité alimentaire ;
    • du recouvrement de ladite seconde face dudit support par une couche de matières minérales en particules ;
    • du recouvrement de ladite couche desdites matières minérales en particules par une couche de graphisme imprimé ; et
    • du recouvrement de ladite couche de graphisme par une couche de vernis de surimpression pour augmenter la résistance à l'humidité.
  11. Méthode selon la revendication 10, caractérisée en ce que lesdites étapes de recouvrement comprennent en outre l'étape :
    • de l'application à la presse dudit polymère de qualité alimentaire, desdites matières minérales en particules, dudit graphisme et dudit vernis de surimpression avec une presse à imprimer.
  12. Méthode selon la revendication 10 ou 11, caractérisée en ce que ladite étape d'encollage comprend l'étape d'encollage dudit support à un taux, en masse, d'addition d'environ 0,8 % d'acide résinique ou 0,4 % de dimère d'alkylcétène à l'encollage.
  13. Méthode selon une quelconque des revendications 10 à 12, caractérisée en ce que l'on applique une masse de revêtement de ladite couche de polymère de qualité alimentaire d'environ 92,72 g/m2 (19 livres pour 1 000 pieds2).
  14. Méthode selon une quelconque des revendications 10 à 13, caractérisée en ce que l'on applique une masse de revêtement de ladite couche de vernis de surimpression d'au moins 4,88 g/m2 (1 livre pour 1 000 pieds2).
  15. Méthode selon une quelconque des revendications 10 à 14, caractérisée en ce que ladite méthode comprend en outre l'étape de placement d'une couche d'un vernis couvrant, substantiellement entre ladite couche de graphisme imprimée et ladite couche de vernis de surimpression.
  16. Méthode selon une quelconque des revendications 10 à 15, caractérisée en ce que l'on applique une masse de revêtement de ladite couche de vernis couvrant d'environ 4,88 g/m2 (1 livre pour 1 000 pieds2).
  17. Méthode selon une quelconque des revendications 10 à 16, caractérisée en ce que ladite couche couvrante est appliquée à la presse avec une presse à imprimer.
  18. Utilisation d'une structure composite selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9 pour l'emballage, en particulier pour l'emballage de produits alimentaires congelés.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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