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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0749372 04.01.2001
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0749372
Titel SELBSTAUFZEICHNENDES TRANSFERBAND
Anmelder Moore Business Forms, Inc., Grand Island, N.Y., US
Erfinder Chess, Stanley, New Hampshire 03045, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69519515
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 23.02.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 959118738
WO-Anmeldetag 23.02.1995
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9502230
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9524319
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 14.09.1995
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.12.1996
EP date of grant 29.11.2000
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 04.01.2001
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 5/20
IPC-Nebenklasse B41M 5/24   B32B 3/00   B32B 27/14   B42D 5/02   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Transfer tape is becoming increasingly common in the manufacture of business forms or the like. For example U.S. patent 5,129,682 business form having removable labels associated therewith which is constructed by applying a piece of transfer tape to the back of paper stock, and then die cutting labels from the area covered by the transfer tape. There are many circumstances in which it is desirable to provide a self-imaging liner associated with transfer tape, for example in the manufacture of business forms such as shown in patent 5,129,682, or in the construction of other types of labels. The self-imaging liner allows the user to see what was printed on a label made with the transfer tape, providing a record copy.

According to a first aspect of the present invention, a transfer tape is provided with a self-imaging liner. The transfer tape comprises: A carbonless, self-contained primary sheet having first and second faces. A first polyethylene coating or film layer of about 1 25.4 µm (mil) thick, or less, on the first face. A first silicone coating over the first polyethylene coating or film layer. A pressure sensitive adhesive coating on the first silicone coating. A second polyethylene coating or film layer of about 1 25.4 µm (mil) thick, or less, on the second face. And a second silicone coating over the second polyethylene coating. Typically the second polyethylene coating is applied on the second face of the carbonless sheet. The transfer tape may consist of the primary sheet, first and second polyethylene coatings or film layers, first and second silicone coatings, and pressure sensitive adhesive, or a CB coating may be provided on the second silicone coating. The CB coating allows an image printed on the transfer tape to also transfer to a CF coated sheet positioned beneath the transfer tape.

The transfer tape may be provided in a roll configuration with the adhesive engaging the second silicone coating when in the spiral roll. A wide variety of different types of materials and weights of material may be provided, applied in different manners. However it is necessary that the polyethylene be provided as a coating and not as a film, and preferably it is sprayed on (or the equivalent). The silicone coating is typically provided at a weight of about 3-10 grams per square meter, with five gm./m3 being approximately optimum, and typically is a differential coating of silicone. That is the silicone has a first side having a stronger affinity for adhesive than a second side, and the second side of the differential coating is what is engages the pressure sensitive adhesive. The pressure sensitive adhesive may typically be applied as a hot melt adhesive, or from a pre-wound tape.

The invention also comprises a business form comprising a face stock and a transfer tape, the transfer tape pressure sensitive adhesive engaging the face stock. The transfer tape which engages the face stock is as described above. Labels may be die cut out of the face stock, and matrix material removed, as in U.S. patent 5,129,682. A CF sheet may be provided underneath the transfer tape if a CB coating is provided on the second silicone coating of the transfer tape.

According to another aspect of the invention a method of making a transfer tape from a carbonless, self-contained primary sheet having first and second faces is provided. The method comprises the steps of: (a) Spraying a first polyethylene coating, or applying a polyethylene film layer, of about 1 25.4 µm (mil) thick, or less, on the first face. (b) Applying a first silicone coating over the first polyethylene coating. (c) Applying a pressure sensitive adhesive coating on the first silicone coating. (d) Spraying a second polyethylene coating, or applying a film layer, of about 25.4 µm (1 mil) thick, or less, on the second face. And, (e) applying a second silicone coating over the second polyethylene coating. There is also the further step of winding the transfer tape into a roll configuration with the pressure sensitive adhesive engaging the second silicone coating. Finally there is the optional further step of applying a CB coating over the second silicone coating.

It is the primary object of the present invention to provide a transfer tape having a self-imaging ply that is constructed in a simple straight-forward manner, and can be utilized in the construction of a business form with labels. This and other objects of the invention will become clear from an inspection of the detailed description of the invention and from the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • FIGURE 1 is a schematic view showing exemplary methods of producing transfer tape and a business form according to the present invention;
  • FIGURE 2 is a side exploded view, with the components greatly exaggerated in thickness for clarity of illustration, of a piece of transfer tape according to the present invention, with a face stock and a CF sheet also shown in association therewith;
  • FIGURE 3 is a perspective schematic view of an exemplary roll of transfer tape according to the present invention; and
  • FIGURE 4 is a perspective exploded view showing a label and record copy produced from a business form utilizing the teachings of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIGURE 1 schematically illustrates various procedures for production of transfer tapes, and for a business form utilizing transfer tape, according to the present invention. The procedure is started by feeding a self-contained sheet, as illustrated generally by box 10 in FIGURE 1, the self-contained sheet typically being Moore Business Forms MCP® paper, or NCR carbonless paper. The self-contained sheet is shown generally by reference numeral 11 in FIGURE 2, comprising a base 12 of paper with self-imaging material 13 thereon, and having a first face 14 and a second face 15.

To the first face 14 there is applied a coating or film layer of polyethylene, as shown generally by reference numeral 16 in FIGURE 1. The polyethylene 16 is preferably sprayed on as a coating, although it may be applied as a coating using other suitable techniques. While a coating is most desirous and advantageous, the polyethylene can alternatively be provided in film (film layer) form. The coating or film layer is typically about 25.4 µm (1 mil) or less in thickness, and while it may be of any suitable type it may be polyethylene material provided by Technicoat of Miamisburg, Ohio, or Jen Coat, Inc. of Westfield, Massachusetts. The first coating or film layer of polyethylene is shown schematically at 17 in FIGURE 2.

The first and second faces 14, 15 of the primary sheet 11 may be treated sequentially, or at the same time. That is all of the operations for one of the faces may be performed at one time, and then all of the operations for the other. FIGURE 1, merely for simplicity sake, shows simultaneous treatment of the first and second faces 14, 15 of the primary sheet after the step 18.

To the first polyethylene coating or film layer 17 is applied a coating of silicone, illustrated schematically at 21 in FIGURE 1. The silicone coating itself is illustrated schematically at 22 in FIGURE 2, and preferably comprises a differential coating of silicone, that is one having two sides, one side having a stronger affinity for adhesive than the other side. For instance a 4-5 differential silicone may be applied with the "4" side in contact with the polyethylene coating or film layer 17 and with the "5" side facing away from the polyethylene coating or film layer 17, to which the adhesive is applied since the "5" side has less affinity for the adhesive than the "4" side.

To the silicone coating 22 the pressure sensitive adhesive is applied, as illustrated schematically at 23 in FIGURE 1. The pressure sensitive adhesive -- shown schematically at 24 in FIGURE 2 -- may be of any suitable type, either permanent, repositional, removable, or the like. The two most common ways for applying the adhesive 24 in the step 23 are as a hot melt, or from a pre-wound tape. The hot melt adhesive is applied with a ribbon coater, while adhesive applied from the pre-wound tape is applied by bringing the pre-wound tape into face-to-face contact with the silicone coating 22, so that the adhesive 24 adheres thereto, and then winding up the tape and disposing of it.

To the second face 15, a spray coating or film layer of polyethylene is provided as illustrated schematically at 25 in FIGURE 1. This polyethylene coating or film layer 26 (see FIGURE 2) is essentially identical to and applied in essentially the identical manner to the coating or film layer 17. A second silicone coat is applied over the second polyethylene coat or film layer 26, as illustrated schematically at 27 in FIGURE 1, the second silicone coat being shown schematically at 28 in FIGURE 2.

Both the second silicone coat 28 and the first silicone coat 22 are preferably applied so that they have a weight of about 3-10 grams per square meter. Were the silicone coating is to be applied directly to the paper 11 rather than to the polyethylene coating, the silicone would have a tendency to soak into the paper 11 perhaps rendering it useless as carbonless/self-imaging paper.

Once the transfer tape is constructed -- the transfer tape being shown schematically at reference numeral 30 in FIGURE 2 -- it may be wound into a roll configuration, as illustrated schematically at 31 in FIGURE 1. The roll configuration itself is illustrated schematically at 32 in FIGURE 3, with the pressure sensitive adhesive 24 in contact with the second silicone coating 28 in the spiral roll configuration. Alternatively, the transfer tape 30 may be run in lengths and automatically cut into those lengths, or may be cut into small segments to be applied as liner backed labels. In FIGURE 1 the stage illustrated schematically at 34 indicates applying the transfer tape in lengths to face stock, the face stock being shown schematically at 35 in FIGURE 2, to form business forms such as shown in U.S. patent 5,129,682. The face stock 35 is die cut to form individual labels, as illustrated schematically at 34 in FIGURE 1, which labels are self-imaging. FIGURE 4 schematically illustrates a label 37 formed from the face stock 35 which will have the pressure sensitive adhesive 24 on the bottom face thereof, and shows it with an image 38 imprinted thereon. That image 38 is also transferred -- as indicated by reference numeral 39 in FIGURE 4 -- to the underlying remaining transfer tape 30 (all of the components illustrated in FIGURE 2 except for the adhesive 24, which adheres to the face stock 35), with the transfer tape 30 providing a record copy of the image 38/39.

According to another modification of the invention, a conventional CB coating is applied to the second coating 28. This is illustrated schematically at 41 in FIGURE 1, the CB coating being shown at 42 in FIGURE 2. When the CB coating 42 is then applied over a CF coated sheet 43 (see FIGURE 2) the image 38 transferred onto the face stock 35 will also not only transfer as indicated at 39 in FIGURE 4 to the self-contained sheet 11, but will also transfer to the CF sheet 43.

It will thus be seen that according to the present invention a self-imaging transfer tape, business form constructed thereby, and method of construction thereof, have been provided which are simple yet effective.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Transferband (30), das folgendes umfaßt:
    • ein kohlefreies, unabhängiges Primärblatt (11) mit einer ersten und einer zweiten Fläche (14, 15);
    • eine erste Polyethylenbeschichtung oder -folienlage (17) mit einer Dicke von ca. 25,4 µm (1 Milli-Zoll) oder darunter auf der ersten Fläche;
    • eine erste Silikonbeschichtung (22) über der ersten Polyethylenbeschichtung oder -folienlage (17);
    • eine Haftklebstoffbeschichtung (24) auf der ersten Silikonbeschichtung (22);
    • eine zweite Polyethylenbeschichtung oder -folienlage (26) mit einer Dicke von ca. 25,4 µm (1 Milli-Zoll) oder darunter auf der zweiten Fläche, und
    • eine zweite Silikonbeschichtung (28) über der zweiten Polyethylenbeschichtung oder -folienlage (26).
  2. Transferband nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Polyethylenbeschichtungen oder -folienlagen (17, 26) Beschichtungen sind.
  3. Transferband nach Anspruch 1 oder 2 in einer Rollenkonfiguration, wobei der Klebstoff die zweite Silikonbeschichtung in Eingriff nimmt.
  4. Transferband nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die erste Silikonbeschichtung (22) eine Differentialbeschichtung mit einer ersten Seite, die eine stärkere Affinität zu Klebstoff hat als eine zweite Seite, aufweist, und bei dem die zweite Seite der Silikondifferentialbeschichtungen den Haftklebstoff (24) in Eingriff nimmt.
  5. Transferband nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, gekennzeichnet durch eine CB-Beschichtung (42) auf der zweiten Silikonbeschichtung (28).
  6. Transferband nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß Silikonbeschichtungen ein Gewicht von ca. 3 - 10 Gramm pro Quadratmeter aufweisen.
  7. Transferband nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Klebstoff ein Schmelzklebstoff oder ein Klebstoff von einem aufgewickelten Band ist.
  8. Geschäftsformular mit einem Trägermaterial und einem Transferband nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei der Haftklebstoff das Trägermaterial in Eingriff nimmt.
  9. Geschäftsformular nach Anspruch 8, gekennzeichnet durch mehrere Etiketten, die dort aus dem Basismaterial ausgestanzt sind, wo es über dem Transferband liegt.
  10. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Transferbands aus einem kohlefreien, unabhängigen Primärblatt mit einer ersten und einer zweiten Fläche, mit den folgenden Schritten:
    • (a) Sprühen einer ersten Polyethylenbeschichtung oder Aufbringen einer ersten Polyethylenfolienlage mit einer Dicke von ca. 25,4 µm (1 Milli-Zoll) oder darunter auf die erste Fläche;
    • (b) Aufbringen einer ersten Silikonbeschichtung über der ersten Polyethylenbeschichtung oder -folienlage;
    • (c) Aufbringen einer Haftklebstoffbeschichtung auf die erste Silikonbeschichtung;
    • (d) Sprühen einer zweiten Polyethylenbeschichtung oder Aufbringen einer zweiten Polyethylenfolienlage mit einer Dicke von ca. 25,4 µm (1 Milli-Zoll) oder darunter auf die zweite Fläche; und
    • (e) Aufbringen einer zweiten Silikonbeschichtung über der zweiten Polyethylenbeschichtung oder -lage.
  11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, gekennzeichnet durch den weiteren Schritt des Aufwickelns des Transferbands zu einer Rollenkonfiguration, wobei der Haftklebstoff eine zweite Silikonbeschichtung in Eingriff nimmt.
  12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, gekennzeichnet durch Aufbringen einer CB-Beschichtung über der zweiten Silikonbeschichtung.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A transfer tape (30), comprising:
    • a carbonless, self-contained primary sheet (11) having first and second faces (14, 15);
    • a first polyethylene coating or film layer (17) of about 25.4 µm (1 mil) thick, or less, on said first face;
    • a first silicone coating (22) over said first polyethylene coating or film layer (17);
    • a pressure sensitive adhesive coating (24) on said first silicone coating (22);
    • a second polyethylene coating or film layer (26) of about 25.4 µm (1 mil) thick, or less, on said second face; and
    • a second silicone coating (28) over said second polyethylene coating or film layer (26).
  2. A transfer tape as recited in claim 1 characterised in that said polyethylene coatings or film layers (17, 26) are coatings.
  3. A transfer tape as recited in claim 1 or claim 2 in a roll configuration with said adhesive engaging said second silicone coating.
  4. A transfer tape as recited in any of claims 1 to 3 characterised in that said first silicone coating (22) is a differential coating having a first side having a stronger affinity for adhesive than a second side, and wherein said second side of said differential silicone coatings engages said pressure sensitive adhesive (24).
  5. A transfer tape as recited in any of claims 1 to 5 characterised by a CB coating (42) on said second silicone coating (28).
  6. A transfer tape as recited in any of claims 1 to 5 characterised in that silicone coatings has a weight of about 3-10 grams per square meter.
  7. A transfer tape as recited in any of claims 1 to 6 characterised in that said adhesive is hot melt adhesive or adhesive from a pre-wound tape.
  8. A business form comprising a face stock and a transfer tape according to any of claims 1 to 7 with the pressure sensitive adhesive engaging said face stock.
  9. A business form as recited in claim 8 characterised by a plurality of labels die cut out of said business form base stock where it overlies said transfer tape.
  10. A method of making a transfer tape from a carbonless, self-contained primary sheet having first and second faces, comprising the steps of:
    • (a) spraying a first polyethylene coating or applying a first polyethylene film layer of about 25.4 µm (1 mil) thick, or less, on the first face;
    • (b) applying a first silicone coating over the first polyethylene coating or film layer;
    • (c) applying a pressure sensitive adhesive coating on the first silicone coating;
    • (d) spraying a second polyethylene coating or applying a second polyethylene film layer of about 25.4 µm (1 mil) thick, or less, on the second face; and
    • (e) applying a second silicone coating over the second polyethylene coating or layer.
  11. A method as recited in claim 10 characterised by the further step of winding the transfer tape into a roll configuration with the pressure sensitive adhesive engaging a second silicone coating.
  12. A method as recited in claim 10 or claim 11 characterised by applying a CB coating over the second silicone coating.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Bande de transfert (30), comprenant :
    • une feuille primaire (11) autonome, sans carbone ayant des première et deuxième faces (14, 15) ;
    • un premier revêtement ou couche de film en polyéthylène (17) d'environ 25,4 µm (1 millième de pouce) d'épaisseur, ou moins, sur ladite première face ;
    • un premier revêtement de silicone (22) par-dessus ledit premier revêtement ou couche de film en polyéthylène (17) ;
    • un revêtement adhésif sensible à la pression (24) sur ledit premier revêtement de silicone (22) ;
    • un deuxième revêtement ou couche de film en polyéthylène (26) d'environ 25,4 µm (1 millième de pouce) d'épaisseur, ou moins, sur ladite deuxième face ; et
    • un deuxième revêtement de silicone (28) par-dessus ledit deuxième revêtement ou couche de film en polyéthylène (26).
  2. Bande de transfert selon la revendication 1, caractérisée ence que lesdits revêtements ou couches de film en polyéthylène (17, 26) sont des revêtements.
  3. Bande de transfert selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, en une configuration en rouleau, ledit adhésif engageant ledit deuxième revêtement de silicone.
  4. Bande de transfert selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisée en ce que ledit premier revêtement de silicone (22) est un revêtement différentiel ayant un premier côté ayant une plus grande affinité pour l'adhésif qu'un deuxième côté, et où ledit deuxième côté desdits revêtements de silicone différentiels engage ledit adhésif sensible à la pression (24).
  5. Bande de transfert selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée par un revêtement de CB (42) sur ledit deuxième revêtement de silicone (28).
  6. Bande de transfert selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée en ce que le revêtement de silicone a un poids d'environ 3 à 10 grammes par mètre carré.
  7. Bande de transfert selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisée en ce que ledit adhésif est un adhésif thermofusible ou un adhésif provenant d'une bande pré-enroulée.
  8. Formulaire commercial comprenant une pellicule frontale et une bande de transfert selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, l'adhésif sensible à la pression engageant ladite pellicule frontale.
  9. Formulaire commercial selon la revendication 8, caractérisé par une pluralité d'étiquettes découpées à l'emporte-pièce dans la matière de base dudit formulaire commercial, cette pluralité recouvrant ladite bande de transfert.
  10. Procédé de fabrication d'une bande de transfert à partir d'une feuille primaire autonome sans carbone ayant des première et deuxième faces, comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    • (a) appliquer par pulvérisation un premier revêtement en polyéthylène ou appliquer une première couche de film en polyéthylène d'environ 25,4 µm (1 millième de pouce) d'épaisseur, ou moins, sur la première face ;
    • (b) appliquer un premier revêtement de silicone par-dessus le premier revêtement ou la première couche de film en polyéthylène ;
    • (c) appliquer un revêtement adhésif sensible à la pression sur le premier revêtement de silicone ;
    • (d) appliquer par pulvérisation un deuxième revêtement de polyéthylène ou appliquer une deuxième couche de film en polyéthylène d'environ 25,4 µm (1 millième de pouce) d'épaisseur, ou moins, sur la deuxième face ; et
    • (e) appliquer un deuxième revêtement de silicone par-dessus le deuxième revêtement ou la deuxième couche en polyéthylène.
  11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, caractérisé par l'étape supplémentaire consistant à enrouler la bande de transfert en une configuration en rouleau, l'adhésif sensible à la pression engageant un deuxième revêtement de silicone.
  12. Procédé selon la revendication 10 ou la revendication 11, caractérisé par l'application d'un revêtement de CB par-dessus le deuxième revêtement de silicone.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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