PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0879710 26.07.2001
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0879710
Titel Mehrfarbige farbstoffgebende Schicht für die thermische Übertragung
Anmelder Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Inoto, Kazunobu, tokyo-to, JP;
Oshima, Katsuyuki, tokyo-to, JP;
Nishikawa, Hideki, tokyo-to, JP
Vertreter Müller-Boré & Partner, Patentanwälte, European Patent Attorneys, 81671 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69521445
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 17.03.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 981127665
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 25.11.1998
EP date of grant 20.06.2001
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 26.07.2001
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 5/38
IPC-Nebenklasse B41M 5/34   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a thermal transfer sheet comprising a support and, provided thereon, specific dye-holding layers comprising specific thermal transfer dyes and binder resins.

Various thermal transfer recording systems are known in the art, and one of them is a thermal dye transfer system using as a colorant the so-called sublimable dye which is sublimated or diffused upon exposure to heat. In this system, a thermal transfer sheet is used wherein a dye-holding layer comprising a sublimable dye held in a binder resin is provided on one side of a'support such as a polyester film. The thermal transfer sheet is prepared by printing or coating, on a heat resisting support, an ink or a coating solution comprising a mixture of a binder resin with a sublimable dye and drying the resultant coating or print.

The thermal transfer sheet is subjected to selective heating from the back side thereof in a printer having heating means, such as a thermal head, to form an image on a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet comprising a substrate sheet and a dye-receptive layer dyable with a dye.

The dye image thus formed, since a dye is used as the colorant, has excellent sharpness and transparency, offering excellent color reproduction and half tone reproduction. By virtue of this nature, the thermal dye transfer system is suitable for the reproduction of a full-color image, wherein many color dots of three or four colors are transferred onto a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet, and can form an image having a high quality comparable to that formed by the conventional offset printing or gravure printing and a full-color photographic image. For the above reasons, the thermal dye transfer system is convenient for easily providing a full-color hard copy of a computer generated or processed image and a video image in a very short time and in fact has been widely used for this purpose.

Due to the structure or mechanism of a printer, however, it is very difficult to form a dye image directly on an object other than a sheet-form object like a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet. This has led to an attempt to produce a dye image using the above thermal transfer sheet on an object having any desired shape other than sheet.

For example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Nos. 66997/1987 and 203494/1985 propose a method wherein a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet with a dye image formed thereon is attached, like a label, onto an object. This method has the problem that the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet attached on the object, due to the thickness of the sheet, is easy to peel off from the object.

EP-A-0 270 677 relates to a heat transfer sheet for colour image formation, more particularly to a heat transfer sheet for colour image formation having broad and excellent colour reproducability similar to various colour printing or colour photography which has been used commercially widely in the prior art.

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 229292/1992 proposes a method which comprises the steps of peeling a dye-receptive layer, with a dye image formed thereon, from the substrate sheet of a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet, bringing the dye-receptive layer into contact with an object, heating the dye-receptive layer at a high temperature to transfer the dye image to the object, and peeling the dye-receptive layer from the object.

This process requires such a troublesome step that a dye-receptive layer is once peeled off from-the substrate sheet of a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet and then pressed against an object. Further, the need for the peeling of a dye-receptive layer imposes a limitation on the selection of materials for both the substrate sheet and the dye-receptive layer. Furthermore, since the peeled dye-receptive layer alone is handled, it should have proper strength and thickness, again imposing a limitation on the selection of materials.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a thermal transfer sheet which can be used in a simple method for producing an image on an object which enables a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet, as such, to be used without peeling the dye-receptive layer from the substrate, and which can achieve good color reproduction without causing a color change and produce a high-density and sharp image on an object.

To achieve the foregoing object and in accordance with the purpose of the invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention comprises a support (11) and, provided thereon, at least a yellow dye-holding layer, a magenta dye-holding layer and a cyan dye-holding layer, said dye-holding layers (12) each comprising a thermal transfer dye and a binder resin, said yellow dye-holding layer comprising as the thermal transfer dye a dye represented by the following formula 1 and/or a dye represented by the following formula 2, said magenta dye-holding layer comprising as the thermal transfer dye a dye represented by the following formula 3 and at least one dye selected from those represented by the following formulae 4 and 5, said cyan dye-holding layer comprising as the thermal transfer dye a dye represented by the following formula 6:

The thermotransfer sheet of the present invention can be used in a method for forming an image on an object comprising the steps of thermally transferring a dye from a thermal transfer sheet to the dye-receptive layer of a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet thereby to form a dye image on the sheet; contacting the dye-receptive layer side of the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet with an object; thermally transferring the dye image on the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet to the object by heating of the sheet; and peeling the sheet from the object.

With the method for forming an image on an object as described above there is no need of peeling the dye-receptive layer of a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet from the substrate sheet, and what is needed is only to attach the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet, as it is, to an object and thus the formation of an image on the object can be achieved in a simplified manner.

When the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention is used in the above method, since the specific dyes used therein have excellent heat resistance, the dyes do not undergo any color change in the course of image formation during which the dyes are exposed to a high temperature, thus enabling the formation of an image on an object with excellent color reproduction. Further, since the image thus formed on an object has excellent heat resistance, the object can be advantageously used under high temperature conditions without entailing deterioration of the image.

  • Fig. 1 is a diagram showing the step of thermally transferring a dye from a thermal transfer sheet to a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet in the method for producing an image as described above;
  • Fig. 2 is a diagram showing a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet with a dye image formed thereon by the step shown Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 3 is a diagram showing the step of thermally transferring the dye image on the sheet of Fig. 2 onto an object (a mug);
  • Fig. 4A and Fig. 4B are respectively a diagram showing a mag cup having a transferred dye image after peeling of the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet from the mug following the step of Fig. 3 and a diagram showing a spent thermal transfer image-receiving sheet;
  • Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of an embodiment of the thermal transfer sheet according to the present invention;
  • Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment of the thermal transfer sheet according to the present invention;

<Method for forming image on object>

The method for forming an image on an object as described above will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

At the outset, the formation of a dye image on a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet using a thermal transfer sheet may be carried out by any conventional method using a known thermal transfer printer such as a thermal printer or a video printer. Fig. 1 shows the step of transferring a dye from a thermal transfer sheet 1 to a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 2 by means of a thermal transfer printer using a thermal head 5 to form a dye image 3 on the sheet 2. Thus, a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 2a with a dye image 3 formed thereon, as shown in Fig. 2, is provided as an intermediate medium.

The dye image 3 is then thermally transferred from the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 2a to an object. In Fig. 3, the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 2a is being contacted with the outer surface of a mug 4, a ceramic drinking cup having a quadratic outer surface, and then heated to transfer the dye image to the object.

More specifically, the dye-receptive layer side of a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet with a dye image transferred thereto is brought into contact with an object. In the contact of a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet with an object, the presence of a gap therebetween results in lowered dye image density or cause the resultant dye image to blur. For this reason, a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet is press-contacted with an object.

In the press contact, what is needed is to bring a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet into contact with an object to such an extent that the sheet neither rises nor shifts in the course of dye transfer, and no large force is required for pressing a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet against the surface of an object. In order to keep a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet tightly contacted with an object, force can be applied through an elastomer less likely to adhere to the object, thereby press-contacting the sheet with the object. Heating may be carried out from the side of a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet, from the side of an object, or from both sides of thermal transfer image-receiving sheet and the object. In the case where the object is a cylindrical one like a mug, a dye image can be transferred from a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet to the object by, for example, applying the sheet to the outer surface of the object, covering the sheet with a rubber sheet, further covering the rubber sheet with a circular heater, and conducting heating with the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet being press-contacted with the object.

The heating temperature and heating time for the transfer of a dye image from a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet to an object are such that dye molecules are fully transferred to the object without causing fusion-bonding of the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet to the object and color change of the dye by heat. They vary depending upon the heat resistance, thermal capacity, and other properties of the object. For example, when the object is a mug as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, heating is usually carried out at 100 to 250°C for about 1 to 10 min. Upon the completion of heating for a required period of time, the object is air-cooled or water-cooled near to room temperature, and the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet is then peeled off from the object. Thus, a dye image is formed on the object.

Figs. 4A and 4B respectively show a mug 4a with a dye image 3 transferred thereto and a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 2b from which a dye image has been transferred to the mug.

<Thermal transfer sheet>

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of an embodiment of the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention.

A thermal transfer sheet 1 of the present invention comprises at least a support 11 and a dye-holding layer 12.

The support 11 may be formed of any material so far as the heat resistance and strength are high enough to withstand heat applied during thermal transfer, and examples thereof include films of polyester resins, such as polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene naphthalate, and 1,4-polycyclohexylene dimethyl terephthalate, polycarbonate resins, cellophane, cellulosic resins, such as cellulose acetate, and other resins, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyphenylene sulfide, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinylidene chloride, nylon, polyimide, polyvinyl alcohol, fluororesins, chlorinated rubbers, and ionomers. Further examples thereof include various types of paper, such as capacitor paper and paraffin paper, nonwoven fabrics, or composites comprising these materials and the above resins.

Among them, polyethylene terephthalate film is most commonly used as the support.

The thickness of the support 11 may be properly selected according to the applications and materials so as to provide desired mechanical strength, thermal conductivity, and other properties and is generally about 1.5 to 50 µm, preferably 2 to 10 µm.

The dye-holding layer 12 comprises a binder resin and, held therein by dissolution or dispersion, thermal transfer dyes, which can be transferred to an image-receiving sheet by sublimation upon heating, as represented by the formulae 1 to 6 shown below.

The binder resin may be any conventional one. Properties required of the binder resin include that the affinity for dyes is proper, that the dye held in the binder resin exhibits good transferability to a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet by sublimation upon heating by heating means, such as a thermal head, and that, when the dye-holding layer is in an exposed state, the binder resin per se is neither fused nor transferred to an object upon heating.

Examples of such a binder resin include cellulosic resins, such as ethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, ethylhydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, nitrocellulose, cellulose acetate, and cellulose acetate butyrate, polyvinyl acetal resins, such as polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl butyral, and polyvinyl acetoacetal, vinyl resins, such as polyacrylamide and polyvinylpyrrolidone, and other resins, such as polyesters and polyamides. These resins may be used alone or as a mixture of two or more.

Among these resins, a binder resin composed mainly of a polyvinyl acetal resin, such as polyvinyl butyral or polyvinyl acetoacetal, is particularly preferred from the viewpoint of heat resistance and dye transfer.

Dyes represented by the following formulae 1 to 6 are used as dyes to be incorporated in the dye-holding layer 12.

The dyes represented by the formulae 1 and 2 exhibit a hue of yellow, the dyes represented by the formulae 3, 4 and 5 exhibit a hue of magenta, and the dye represented by the formula 6 exhibits a hue of cyan. In the present invention, the dye represented by the formula 1 and/or the dye represented by the formula 2 are used for a yellow dye-holding layer, at least one dye represented by the formulae 3, 4, and 5 is used for a magenta dye-holding layer, and the dye represented by the formula 6 is used for a cyan dye-holding layer.

In general, for a thermal transfer sheet for a full-color image, dyes of three colors of yellow, magenta, and cyan and, if necessary, dyes of four colors in total of the above three colors in combination with a dye of black are used. In a thermal transfer sheet, it is a common practice to successively form dye-holding layers 12 having a plurality of color components on the same plane of a continuous support 11, and the order of the dye-holding layers successively arranged on the same plane may be any desired one.

When a black dye-holding layer is formed on the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention, it is possible to combine dyes of yellow, magenta, and cyan represented by the formulae 1 to 6 with one another.

The reason why, in the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention, a dye represented by the formula 4 and/or a dye represented by the formula 5 are incorporated in a magenta dye-holding layer 12 is that both the dyes have high heat resistance and, hence, are less likely to undergo a color change and exhibit very excellent color reproduction in such applications that the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention is used, i.e., applications where the material is required to have heat resistance because it is subjected to heat history.

However, when the dye represented by the formula 4 and/or the dye represented by the formula 5 alone are used, the formation of a dye image on a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet followed by the transfer of the dye onto an object, such as a mug, causes the image density to be lowered and the balance of colors to be deteriorated and different from that of an original or that of the dye image formed on the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet.

In the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention, in order to solve this problem, a dye represented by the formula 3, in addition to the dye represented by the formula 4 and/or the dye represented by the formula 5, is incorporated in the magenta dye-holding layer. Although the dye represented by the formula 3 is inferior in heat resistance to the dyes represented by the formulae 4 and 5, it has the effect of providing a dye image having a high density independently of whether the transfer is carried out once or twice.

Further, in order to regulate the hue, dyes commonly used in the conventional thermal dye transfer system may be added to the dye-holding layer in such an amount as will not be detrimental to the heat resistance. It is, of course, possible to provide a thermal transfer sheet having excellent heat resistance by properly mixing the specific dyes represented by the formulae 1 to 6 together, for example, by adding the yellow dye represented by the formula 1 and/or the yellow dye represented by the formula 2 or the cyan dye represented by the formula 6 to the magenta dyes represented by the formulae 3 to 5.

Furthermore, in order to regulate the hue, other known yellow dyes, magenta dyes, and cyan dyes may be incorporated, and representative examples of these dyes include diarylmethane dyes; triarylmethane dyes; thiazole dyes; methine dyes, such as merocyanine; azomethine dyes, exemplified by indoaniline, acetophenone, azomethine, pyrazolone azomethine, imidazole azomethine, imidazoazomethine, and pyridone azomethine; xanthene dyes; oxazine dyes; cyanomethylene dyes exemplified by dicyanostyrene and tricyanostyrene; thiazine dyes; azine dyes; acridine dyes; benzene azo dyes; heterocyclic azo dyes exemplified by pyridone azo, thiophene azo, isothiazole azo, pyrrole azo, pyrazole azo, imidazole azo, thiadiazole azo, triazole azo, and disazo dyes; spiropyran dyes; indolinospiropyran dyes; fluoran dyes; rhodamine lactam dyes; naphthoquinone dyes; anthraquinone dyes; and quinophthalone dyes. Specific preferred dyes are as follows:

  • C.I. (color index) Disperse Yellow 51, 3, 54, 79, 60, 23, 7, 141, 201, and 231;
  • C.I. Disperse Blue 24, 56, 14, 301, 334, 165, 19, 72, 87, 287, 154, 26, and 354;
  • C.I. Disperse Red 135, 146, 59, 1, 73, 60, and 167;
  • C.I. Disperse Violet 4, 13, 26, 36, 56, and 31;
  • C.I. Disperse Orange 149;
  • C.I. Solvent Yellow 56, 14, 16, and 29;
  • C.I. Solvent Blue 70, 35, 63, 36, 50, 49, 111, 105, 97, and 11;
  • C.I. Solvent Red 135, 81, 18, 25, 19, 23, 24, 143, 146, and 182;
  • C.I. Solvent Violet 13;
  • C.I. Solvent Black 3; and
  • C.I. Solvent Green 3.

More specific examples of cyan dyes include Kayaset Blue 714 (Solvent Blue 63, manufactured by Nippon Kayaku Co., Ltd.), Foron Brilliant Blue S-R (Disperse Blue 354, manufactured by Sandoz K.K.), and Waxoline AP-FW (Solvent Blue 36, manufactured by ICI Japan), more specific examples of magenta dyes include MS-REDG (Disperse Red 60, manufactured by Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Inc.) and Macrolex Red Violet R (Disperse Violet 26, manufactured by Bayer), and more specific examples of yellow dyes include Foron Brilliant Yellow S-6GL (Disperse Yellow 231, manufactured by Sandoz K.K.) and Macrolex Yellow 6G (Disperse Yellow 201, manufactured by Bayer). Furthermore, dyes having the following skeletons may also be used.

Furthermore, the following dyes can also be suitably used: sublimable yellow dyes described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Nos. 78895/1984, 28451/1985, 28453/1985, 53564/1985, 148096/1986, 289290/1985, 31565/1985, 30393/1985, 53565/1985, 27594/1985, 262191/1986, 152563/1985, 244595/1986, and 196186/1987 and International Publication WO92/05032, sublimable magenta dyes described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Nos. 223862/1985, 28452/1985, 31563/1985, 78896/1984, 31564/1985, 30391/1985, 227092/1986, 227091/1986, 30392/1985, 30394/1985, 131293/1985, 227093/1986, 159091/1985, and 262190/1986, U.S. Patent No. 4,698,651, Japanese Patent Application No. 220793/1987, and U.S. Patent No. 5,079,365, and sublimable cyan dyes described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open Nos. 78894/1984, 227490/1984, 151098/1985, 227493/1984, 244594/1986, 227948/1984, 131292/1985, 172591/1985, 151097/1985, 131294/1985, 217266/1985, 31559/1985, 53563/1985, 255897/1986, 239289/1985, 22993/1986, 19396/1986, 268493/1986, 35994/1986, 31467/1986, 148269/1986, 49893/1986, 57651/1986, 239291/1985, 239292/1985, 284489/1986, and 191191/1987, Japanese Patent Application No. 176625/1987, and U.S. Patent No. 5,079,365. Among them, dyes represented by the following general formulae are preferred.

In the above general formulae, R, X, and Y represent the following substituents.

R1 and R2

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group.

R3

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylcarbonylamino group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonylamino group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylaminocarbonyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylaminosulfonyl group, or a halogen atom.

R4

A substituted or unsubstituted alkoxycarbonyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylaminocarbonyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, a heterocyclic group, or a halogen atom.

R5

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxycarbonyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylaminocarbonyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylaminosulfonyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a halogen atom, or a hydrogen atom.

R6

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, or a halogen atom.

R7

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxycarbonyl group, or a halogen atom.

R8

A substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, an aromatic heterocyclic group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a halogen atom, or other electron-withdrawing groups.

R9

CONHR10, SO2NHR10, NHCOR11, NHSO2R11, or a halogen atom.

R10

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group.

R11

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group.

R12

A substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group.

R13

An amino group or a hydroxyl group.

X

A halogen atom.

Y

A substituted or unsubstituted aryl group or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group.

The proportion of the dye incorporated in the dye-holding layer 12 may be regulated as desired depending upon the sublimation (or melting) temperature, the transferability of dye, and the like. It is generally 5 to 75% by weight, preferably 10 to 60% by weight, based on the total weight of the dye-holding layer. When the proportion of the dye incorporated in the dye-holding layer is less than 5% by weight, the density of a print formed on the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet or the sensitivity to heat are lowered. On the other hand, when it exceeds 75% by weight, the storage stability of the thermal transfer sheet and the adhesion between the dye-holding layer and the support are deteriorated.

The dye-holding layer 12 may be provided on the support 11 by any conventional method, for example, a method which comprises adding a dye(s), a binder resin, and other desired additive components to a suitable solvent to dissolve or disperse the components in the solvent, thereby preparing a coating solution or an ink for the formation of a dye-holding layer, applying the coating solution or ink onto a support by the conventional coating method or printing method, and drying the resultant coating to remove the solvent.

The thickness of the dye-holding layer 12 thus formed is 0.2 to 5.0 µm, preferably 0.4 to 2.0 µm.

Thus, the thermal transfer sheet of the present invention is obtained. As shown in Fig. 6, an anti-tack layer 13 may be additionally provided on the surface of the dye-holding layer 12, and a lubricious layer 14 may be additionally provided on the back side of the thermal transfer sheet 1. Further, conventional treatments for improving the adhesion of the surface of the support, such as corona discharge treatment or the provision of an anchor layer, may be carried out for the support 11 from the viewpoint of improving the adhesion between the dye-holding layer 12 and the support 11 and between the lubricious layer 14 and the support 11. The provision of the above additional layer, corona discharge treatment, and other treatments for improving the adhesion of the support may be used alone or in combination of two or more.

The anti-tack layer 13 serves to prevent the thermal transfer sheet from fusing to a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet in the course of thermal transfer, and mere deposition of an inorganic powder having an anti-tack property offers considerable effect. Further, for example, a layer of a releasable resin having excellent releasability, such as a silicone resin, an acrylic resin, or a fluororesin, may be provided in a thickness of 0.01 to 5 µm, preferably 0.05 to 2 µm.

Alternatively, a method may be used wherein the above releasable resin having an anti-tack property, fine particles thereof, or inorganic fine particles are mixed with a binder resin and the mixture is incorporated into the dye-holding layer.

Furthermore, it is also possible to use a releasable binder resin prepared by graft-polymerizing a releasable segment, such as a polysiloxane segment, a long chain alkyl group segment, or a hydrocarbon fluoride segment, onto the above binder resin.

The lubricious layer 14 serves to prevent the thermal transfer sheet from fusing to a thermal head which comes into contact with the back side of the thermal transfer sheet during thermal transfer operation and, at the same time, renders the thermal transfer sheet more smoothly slidable. A heat resisting material, for example, a reaction product of a urethane resin, a melamine resin, an epoxy resin, a silicone resin, or an isocyanate with a resin containing active hydrogen, such as polyvinyl butyral or polyvinyl acetoacetal, is generally used for this purpose. If necessary, known additives, such as antistatic agents, lubricants, and fillers, may further be incorporated into the layer, and the thickness of the lubricious layer 14 may be 0.5 to 5 µm, preferably 1 to 2 µm.

The thermal transfer sheet of the present invention may be in the form of a leaf cut into a desired size, a continuous or coiled form, and a ribbon form having a narrow width.

<Object>

The object used in the method for producing an image as described above will now be described.

Unlike the formation of a dye image on a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet by means of a printer, the object used in said method is not restricted by printer mechanisms. Factors which impose restriction on the object include the thickness, size, heat capacity, and external shape of the object. Therefore, all objects in any form may be used in the method of the present invention.

Specific examples of the object include a cup like a mug for beverages, as shown in Fig. 4, made of earthenware, porcelain, enamel, metals, or plastics.

That a dye image can be formed even on an object having a curved surface is an advantage of a transfer method using a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet as an intermediate medium.

As described above, the material for the object is not particularly limited, and examples thereof include earthenware, porcelain, ceramics such as glass, metals, enamel, and plastics.

Regarding the shape, a cup is one example, Further, the object may be in the form of a glass plate or sheet, a plastic plate or sheet, a tile, or a metal plate or sheet, and, further, may be cylindrical, polygonally columnar, or curved.

Furthermore, it may be in a thin sheet form like a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet.

As described above, the shape and material of the object are not limited. However, in order that the receptivity to a dye image from the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet can be ensured or improved to provide a high-density image even when the object is formed of glass, ceramic, or plastic, it is preferred to previously form a layer of a specific dyable resin on the surface of the object.

Such a resin is preferably one composed mainly of an epoxy resin or a modified epoxy resin, and examples thereof include bisphenol A epoxy resin, bisphenol S epoxy resin, phenolic novolak epoxy resin, cresol novolak epoxy resin, brominated epoxy resin, and styrene-modified epoxy resin.

The surface layer is formed of the above resin which has been cured with a curing agent, for example, an amine compound, an acid anhydride compound, phenolic resin, amino resin, a mercaptan compound, dicyandiamide, or a Lewis acid complex compound.

The thickness of the surface layer of the above resin formed on the surface of the object may be such as will be able to successfully receive a dye and generally 0.5 to 20 µm.

The provision of such a resin layer on the object at least in its surface portion onto which a dye image is transferred suffices for attaining the contemplated object.

The following examples further illustrate the present invention but are not intended to limit it.

In the examples, "parts" are by weight.

Example I-1

A 6 µm-thick polyethylene terephthalate film, the back side of which had been treated for imparting a heat resisting property, was prepared as a support, and a coating solution, for a dye-holding layer, having the following composition was coated by gravure coating on one surface of the support at a coverage of 1.0 g/m2 on a dry basis, and the resultant coating was dried to prepare a thermal transfer sheet.

Thermal transfer sheets with layers holding respective color dyes coated thereon were successively connected to one another to form an identical plane. Coating solution for dye-holding layer (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 1 3 parts Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 90 parts (B) Magenta component Dye of formula 3 1 part Dye of formula 4 1 part Dye of formula 5 1 part Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 90 parts (C) Cyan component Dye of formula 6 3 parts Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 90 parts

Example I-2

A thermal transfer sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example I-1, except that the following dyes were used as the yellow component. (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 1 1.5 parts Dye of formula 2 1.5 parts

Comparative Example I-1

A thermal transfer sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example I-1, except that the dyes for respective color components were as follows. (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 1 3 parts (B) Magenta component Dye of formula 3 3 parts (C) Cyan component Dye of formula 6 3 parts

Comparative Example I-2

A thermal transfer sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example I-1, except that the dyes for yellow and magenta components were as follows. (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 2 3 parts (B) Magenta component Dye of formula 4 3 parts

Comparative Example I-3

A thermal transfer sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example I-1, except that the dyes for respective color components were as follows. (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 1 3 parts Dye of formula 3 0.03 part (B) Magenta component Dye of formula 4 1.5 parts Dye of formula 5 1.5 parts Dye of formula 2 0.03 part (C) Cyan component Dye of formula 6 3 parts Dye of formula 3 0.03 part

<Formation of image on mug>

Dyes were transferred from the thermal transfer sheets prepared in the above examples and comparative examples by means of a video printer (VY-200, manufactured by Hitachi, Ltd.) to a commercially available thermal transfer image-receiving sheet (Paper Ink® VY-SX100, manufactured by Hitachi, Ltd.) to form a dye image on the image-receiving sheet. In this case, 16-step gray scale images and a full-color portrait image were used as originals for transfer.

Subsequently, the image on the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was transferred to a mug using a transfer machine for a mug (Mugpress®, manufactured by Express, U.S.A.). The transfer operation was carried out under conditions of temperature 177°C (350° F), gauge pressure 3, and transfer time 3 minutes.

<Evaluation of transferred dye images>

Dye images produced by transfer of dyes to thermal transfer image-receiving sheets and mugs were evaluated for color reproduction and image density. The evaluation of the color reproduction was carried out by comparing the color of the original with that of the transferred image with the naked eye. The image density was evaluated by measuring the density of the darkest portion (the 16th step image) among the gray scale images with Macbeth® reflection densitometer RD-918. The results are given in Table 1. Example No. Thermal transfer image-receiving sheet Mug Color reproduction Image density Color reproduction Image density Ex. I-1 Faithful to original 2.5 Faithful to original and image on thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 1.8 Ex. I-2 do. 2.3 do. 1.5 Comp. Ex. I-1 Unfaithful to original 2.4 Unfaithful to original and image on thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 1.0 Comp. Ex. I-2 Faithful to original 1.8 Faithful to original and image on thermal transfer image-receiving sheet 1.1 Comp. Ex. I-3 do. 1.8 do. 1.0

Preparative Example II-1

A laminate prepared by laminating synthetic paper having in its interior microvoids (FPU-60, manufactured by Oji-Yuka synthetic Paper Co., Ltd.) by the conventional dry lamination on both sides of coat paper (Saten-Kinfuji®, manufactured by New Oji Paper Co., Ltd.; basis weight: 84.9 g/m2) as a core material was provided as a substrate sheet. A coating solution, for a dye release layer, having the following composition was coated by bar coating on one side of the substrate sheet at a coverage of 0.7 g/m2 on a dry basis, and the resultant coating was dried to form a dye release layer. Then, a coating solution, for a dye-receptive layer, having the following composition was coated by bar coating on the dye release layer at a coverage of 1.5 g/m2 on a dry basis, and the resultant coating was dried to prepare a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet. Coating solution for dye release layer Polyvinyl pyrrolidone resin (PVP K-90, manufactured by ISP) 10 parts Isopropyl alcohol 90 parts
Coating solution for dye-receptive layer Vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate copolymer (#1000A, manufactured by Denki Kagaku Kogyo K.K.) 20 parts Amino-modified silicone (KF-393, manufactured by Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4 parts Epoxy-modified silicone (X-22-343, manufactured by Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4 parts Toluene 40 parts Methyl ethyl ketone 40 parts

Preparative Example II-2

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-1, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye release layer. Coating solution for dye release layer Methyl vinyl ether/maleic anhydride copolymer (Gantrez® AN-169, manufactured by ISP) 10 parts Isopropyl alcohol 20 parts Water 70 parts

Preparative Example II-3

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-1, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye release layer. Coating solution for dye release layer Water-soluble acrylic resin (Jurymer® SP-65T, manufactured by Nihon Junyaku Co., Ltd.) 10 parts Isopropyl alcohol 20 parts Water 70 parts

Preparative Example II-4

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-1, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye release layer. Coating solution for dye release layer Cellulosic water-soluble resin (HEC SP-200, manufactured by Daicel chemical Industries, Ltd.) 10 parts Isopropyl alcohol 10 parts Water 80 parts

Preparative Example II-5

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-1, except that the following coating solution was coated on the surface of the substrate sheet remote from the dye-receptive layer at a coverage of 1.5 g/m2 on a dry basis. Coating solution for heat resisting back surface layer Cellulose acetate resin (L-70, manufactured by Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd.) 5 parts Methyl ethyl ketone 70 parts Methyl isobutyl ketone 25 parts

Preparative Comparative Example II-1

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-1, except that, instead of the dye release layer, a primer layer was provided by coating a coating solution having the following composition at a coverage of 0.7 g/m2 on a dry basis. Coating solution for primer layer Urethane resin (N-5137, manufactured by Nippon Polyurethane Industry Co., Ltd.) 10 parts Methyl ethyl ketone 45 parts Toluene 45 parts

Preparative Comparative Example II-2

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-1, except that, instead of the dye release layer, a primer layer was provided by coating a coating solution having the following composition at a coverage of 0.7 g/m2 on a dry basis. Coating solution for primer layer Polyester resin (Vylon® 200, manufactured by Toyobo Co., Ltd.) 10 parts Methyl ethyl ketone 45 parts Toluene 45 parts

<Thermal transfer sheet>

A 6 µm-thick polyethylene terephthalate film, the back side of which had been treated for imparting a heat resisting property, was prepared as a support, and a coating solution, for a dye-holding layer, having the following composition was coated by gravure coating on one surface of the support at a coverage of 1.0 g/m2 on a dry basis, and the resultant coating was dried to prepare thermal transfer sheet A.

Thermal transfer sheets with layers holding respective color dyes coated thereon were successively connected to one another to form an identical plane. Coating solution for dye-holding layer (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 2 3.2 parts Dye of the following formula (i) 4.8 parts Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 3.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 70 parts (B) Magenta component Dye of the following formula (ii) 2.6 parts Dye of formula 4 3.4 parts Dye of formula 5 2.3 parts Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 3.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 70 parts (C) Cyan component Dye of the following formula (iii) 3.1 parts Dye of the following formula (iv) 1.5 parts Dye of formula 6 3.1 parts Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 3.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 70 parts

<Mug>

A commercially available ceramic mug was immersed in the following resin composition, and the resultant coating was heat-cured at 150°C for 10 minutes to form a 10 µm-thick epoxy resin layer on the outer surface of the mug. Bisphenol A epoxy resin (Epicort® YD8125, manufactured by Tohto Kasei Co., Ltd.) 100 parts Polyamide curing agent (Goodmide® G700, manufactured by Tohto Kasei Co., Ltd.) 25 parts

<Formation of image on mug>

In Examples II-1 to II-5 and Comparative Examples II-1 and II-2, dyes were transferred from the above thermal transfer sheet A by means of a video printer (VY-200, manufactured by Hitachi, Ltd.) to the thermal transfer image-receiving sheets prepared in the above preparative examples and preparative comparative examples to form dye images on the thermal transfer image-receiving sheets. In this case, 16-step gray scale images were used as the original.

Subsequently, the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet with a dye image transferred thereto was press-contacted with the above mug, and heating was carried out under pressure at 140°C for 2 minutes and at 170°C for 2 minutes, thereby transferring the dye image to the mug.

<Evaluation of transferred dye images>

The density of the darkest portion (the 16th step image) among the gray scale images transferred to the mug as an object was measured with Macbeth® reflection densitometer RD-918. The results are given in Table 2. Image density Ex. II-1 2.5 Ex. II-2 2.3 Ex. II-3 2.2 Ex. II-4 2.2 Ex. II-5 2.4 Comp. Ex. II-1 1.9 Comp. Ex. II-2 1.9

Preparative Example II-6

A resin coated paper prepared by providing a 30 µm-thick, coating of a 1 : 1 mixture of a medium density polyethylene and a low density polyethylene onto both sides of coat paper (Saten-Kinfuji®, manufactured by New Oji Paper Co., Ltd.; basis weight: 84.9 g/m2) as a core material by melt extrusion was prepared as a substrate sheet. A coating solution, for a dye release layer, having the following composition was coated by bar coating on one side of the substrate sheet at a coverage of 1.5 g/m2 on a dry basis, and the resultant coating was dried to form a dye release layer. Then, a coating solution, for a dye-receptive layer, having the following composition was coated by bar coating on the dye release layer at a coverage of 3 g/m2 on a dry basis, and the resultant coating was dried to prepare a thermal transfer image-receiving sheet. Coating solution for dye release layer Acrylic resin having polar group (antistatic resin) (Jurymer® SP-65T, manufactured by Nihon Junyaku Co., Ltd.) 20 parts Isopropyl alcohol 80 parts
Coating solution for dye-receptive layer Vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate/vinyl alcohol copolymer (#1000GK, manufactured by Denki Kagaku Kogyo K.K.) 50 parts Polyester resin (Vylon® 600, manufactured by Toyobo Co., Ltd.) 50 parts Titanate chelating agent [(C3H7O)2Ti(C5H7O2)2] 10 parts Epoxy-modified silicone (X-22-343, manufactured by Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.) 5 parts Methyl ethyl ketone/toluene (1:1) 400 parts

Preparative Example II-7

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-6, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye release layer. Coating solution for dye release layer Acrylic resin having polar group (antistatic resin)(Elecond® PQ-50B, manufactured by Soken Chemical Engineering Co., Ltd.) 50 parts Methanol 20 parts

Preparative Example II-8

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-6, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye release layer. Coating solution for dye release layer Acrylic resin having polar group (antistatic resin)(Jurymer® SP-65T, manufactured by Nihon Junyaku Co., Ltd.) 10.0 parts Polyvinyl alcohol (Gosenol® C-500, manufactured by Nippon Synthetic Chemical Industry) 3.4 parts Isopropyl alcohol 40.0 parts Water 46.6 parts

Preparative Example II-9

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-6, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye release layer. Coating solution for dye release layer Polyvinyl alcohol (Gosenol® C-500, manufactured by Nippon Synthetic Chemical Industry) 6.8 parts Water 93.2 parts

Preparative Example II-10

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-6, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye-receptive layer. Coating solution for dye-receptive layer Vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate copolymer (#1000GK, manufactured by Denki Kagaku Kogyo K.K.) 50 parts Polyester resin (Vylon® 200, manufactured by Toyobo Co., Ltd.) 50 parts Epoxy-modified silicone (X-22-343, manufactured by Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.) 5 parts Methyl ethyl ketone/toluene (1:1) 400 parts

Preparative Comparative Example II-3

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-6, except that no dye release layer was provided.

Preparative Comparative Example II-4

A thermal transfer image-receiving sheet was prepared in the same manner as in Example II-6, except that the following coating solution was used for forming the dye release layer. Coating solution for dye release layer Polyester resin (Vylon® 200, manufactured by Toyobo Co., Ltd.) 20 parts Methyl ethyl ketone/toluene (1:1) 80 parts

<Thermal transfer sheet> Thermal transfer sheet B

A 6 µm-thick polyethylene terephthalate film, the back side of which had been treated for imparting a heat resisting property, was prepared as a support, and a coating solution, for a dye-holding layer, having the following composition was coated by gravure coating on one surface of the support at a coverage of 1.0 g/m2 on a dry basis, and the resultant coating was dried to prepare a thermal transfer sheet B.

Thermal transfer sheets with layers holding respective color dyes coated thereon were successively connected to one another to form an identical plane. Coating solution for dye-holding layer (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 1 3 parts Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 90 parts (B) Magenta component Dye of formula 3 1 part Dye of formula 4 1 part Dye of formula 5 1 part Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 90 parts (C) Cyan component Dye of formula 6 3 parts Polyvinyl acetoacetal resin (KS-5, manufactured by Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.) 4.5 parts Solvent (toluene/methyl ethyl ketone = 1/1) 90 parts

Thermal transfer sheet C

Thermal transfer sheet C was prepared in the same manner as described above in connection with the preparation of thermal transfer sheet B, except that the following yellow component was used. Coating solution of dye-holding layer (A) Yellow component Dye of formula 1 1.5 parts Dye of formula 2 1.5 parts

<Mug>

A commercially available ceramic mug was immersed in the following resin composition, and the resultant coating was heat-cured at 150°C for 10 minutes to form a 10 µm-thick epoxy resin layer on the outer surface of the mug. Bisphenol A epoxy resin (Epicort® YD8125, manufactured by Tohto Kasei Co., Ltd.) 100 parts Polyamide curing agent (Goodmide® G700, manufactured by Tohto Kasei Co., Ltd.) 25 parts

<Formation of image on mug>

In Examples II-6 to II-10 and Comparative Example II-3 and II-4, dyes were transferred by means of a video printer (VY-200, manufactured by Hitachi, Ltd.) from the above thermal transfer sheet to the thermal transfer image-receiving sheets prepared in the above preparative examples and preparative comparative examples to form dye images on the thermal transfer image-receiving sheets. In this case, 16-step gray scale images were used as the original for transfer.

Subsequently, the thermal transfer image-receiving sheet with a dye image transferred thereto was press-contacted with the above mug, and heating was carried out under pressure at 200°C for 3 minutes, thereby transferring the dye image to the mug.

Combinations of thermal transfer sheets with thermal transfer image-receiving sheets used for the above image forming test are listed in the following Table 3. Thermal transfer sheet Thermal transfer image-receiving sheet C Ex. II-6 B Ex. II-7 B Ex. II-8 B Ex. II-9 B Ex. II-10 B Comp. Ex. II-3 B Comp. Ex. II-4

<Evaluation of transferred image>

The density of the dye images transferred to the mug as an object was evaluated by visual inspection. The results are given in Table 4. Example No. Dye image density Ex. II-6 Ex. II-7 Ex. II-8 Ex. II-9 Ex. II-10 Comp. Ex. II-3 X Comp. Ex. II-4 X
Note: ○ ··· high density

   X ··· low density


Anspruch[de]
  1. Thermotransferblatt, umfassend einen Träger (11) und darauf angeordnet mindestens eine einen gelben Farbstoff enthaltende Schicht, eine einen Magentafarbstoff enthaltende Schicht und eine einen Cyanfarbstoff enthaltende Schicht, wobei die Farbstoff enthaltenden Schichten (12) jeweils einen Thermotransferfarbstoff und ein Binderharz umfassen, wobei die einen gelben Farbstoff enthaltende Schicht als den Thermotransferfarbstoff einen Farbstoff umfaßt, der durch die folgende Formel 1 und/oder einen Farbstoff, der durch die folgende Formel 2 dargestellt ist, die einen Magentafarbstoff enthaltende Schicht als den Thermotransferfarbstoff einen Farbstoff umfaßt, der durch die folgende Formel 3 dargestellt ist und mindestens einen Farbstoff, ausgewählt aus jenen, die durch die folgenden Formeln 4 und 5 dargestellt sind und die einen Cyanfarbstoff enthaltende Schicht als den Thermotransferfarbstoff einen Farbstoff umfaßt, der durch die folgende Formal 6 dargestellt ist:
  2. Thermotransferblatt nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Träger (11) ein Polyethylenterephthalatfilm ist.
  3. Thermotransferblatt nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, welches zusätzlich eine Antihaftschicht (13) umfaßt, welche auf der von dem Träger (11) abgewandten Oberfläche der Farbstoff-enthaltenden Schicht (12) angeordnet ist.
  4. Thermotransferblatt nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, welches zusätzlich eine Gleitschicht (14) umfaßt, welche auf der von der Farbstoff-enthaltenden Schicht (12) abgewandten Oberfläche des Trägers (11) angeordnet ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A thermal transfer sheet

       comprising a support (11) and, provided thereon, at least a yellow dye-holding layer, a magenta dye-holding layer, and a cyan dye-holding layer, said dye-holding layers (12) each comprising a thermal transfer dye and a binder resin, said yellow dye-holding layer comprising as the thermal transfer dye a dye represented by the following formula 1 and/or a dye represented by the following formula 2, said magenta dye-holding layer comprising as the thermal transfer dye a dye represented by the following formula 3 and at least one dye selected from those represented by the following formulae 4 and 5, said cyan dye-holding layer comprising as the thermal transfer dye a dye represented by the following formula 6:
  2. The thermal transfer sheet according to claim 1, wherein said support (11) is a polyethylene terephthalate film.
  3. The thermal transfer sheet according to claim 1 or 2, which further comprises an anti-tack layer (13) provided on the surface of the dye-holding layer (12) remote from the support (11).
  4. The thermal transfer sheet according to claim 1, 2 or 3 which further comprises a lubricious layer (14) provided on the surface of the support (11) remote from the dye-holding layer (12).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Feuille de transfert thermique comprenant un support (11) et, fourni dessus, au moins une couche portant un colorant jaune, une couche portant un colorant magenta et une couche portant un colorant cyan, chacune desdites couches (12) portant un colorant comprenant un colorant pour transfert thermique et une résine liante, ladite couche portant un colorant jaune comprenant, en tant que colorant pour transfert thermique, un colorant représenté par la formule suivante 1 et/ou un colorant représenté par la formule suivante 2, ladite couche portant un colorant magenta comprenant, en tant que colorant pour transfert thermique, un colorant représenté par la formule suivante 3 et au moins un colorant choisi parmi ceux représentés par les formules suivantes 4 et 5, ladite couche portant un colorant cyan comprenant, en tant que colorant pour transfert thermique, un colorant représenté par la formule suivante 6:
  2. Feuille de transfert thermique selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit support (11) est un film de poly(téréphtalate d'éthylène).
  3. Feuille de transfert thermique selon les revendications 1 ou 2, qui comprend de plus une couche anti-adhésive (13) fournie sur la surface de la couche portant une couleur (12) éloignée du support (11).
  4. Feuille de transfert thermique selon les revendications 1, 2 ou 3, qui comprend de plus, une couche de lubrification (14) fournie sur la surface du support (11) éloignée de la couche portant une couleur (12).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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