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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1149709 06.12.2001
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1149709
Titel Verfahren zur Sicherheitsbeschichtung von Dokumenten
Anmelder Security Printing and Systems Ltd., Oldham, Lancashire, GB
Erfinder Mann, Paul, Sholver, GB;
Wells, Ivan, Appleton, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 27.04.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 013038708
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 31.10.2001
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 06.12.2001
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 7/00
IPC-Nebenklasse B41M 3/14   G03G 8/00   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to improvements in toner bonding and security.

It has long been recognised that toner deposition systems have a number of weaknesses that make them unsuitable for use with data that is vulnerable to alteration.

Two of these weaknesses are related to the way the toner is bonded to the surface of the paper and both affect the security of the document. A third is associated with the material composition of toner.

The first is the effect that variations in paper surface have on the bond, it has been shown that indentations i.e. watermarks and normal variation to surface characteristics of the paper can reduce the strength of the bond between the toner and the surface. This can result in the toner breaking off during the life of the document or in the extreme cases not bonding at all. Documents with poor bonding or incomplete characters from this problem impact upon the detection of deliberate alterations, as the persons checking the document become use to seeing variations within the characters on genuine data and therefore becomes less able to determine what is altered.

The second problem is that, as the bond of the toner does not penetrate the surface of the paper it means that the bond can be broken by physical force alone and this may mean that the level of distribution to the surface of the substrate is low which means the detection by visual means is very difficult. The third problem is due to the material used to produce the toner. Toner was never intended for use as a security feature and therefore the majority of common toners do not contain materials that lend themselves to detection by machine-readable techniques.

With the increasing demand for higher speeds in personalisation of security documents, the use of toner deposition systems has increased and this process has been developed to tackle these three major problems. It is a process that will give increased security to toner produced data and will introduce a method by which the integrity of the coating can be verified by machine-readable techniques.

In EP A 0839670 we propose a method of security coating of documents wherein a coating is applied to fused markings such as laser printed characters in order to protect the markings against wear and tampering.

US 5045426 proposes that before a document is laser printed, a carrier web should be prepared by application of an adhesion-enhancing composition to the web in at least selected places where the web is to be printed, and the application may be carried out by printing with a flexographic press, a process adopted for use in particulate with plastics webs. The web is then laser printed in the areas which have been so prepared but there is no teaching of providing a coating over the markings to protect these against wear or tampering, although adhesion to the web is improved by the pre-printing coating.

The object of this process is three-fold the first is to produce a surface that gives a stronger bond to toner than the surface of the paper. The second is to add a security coating to selected areas of the document, that will improve the security of the toner allowing the integrity of the data below to be validated by machine reading techniques. This process also allows the materials to be applied only where the toner-generated data may be applied, minimising the use of materials.

The invention provides a process for security coating of a document, characterised in that the process comprises the steps of first applying a pre-coating by printing a coating material onto selected areas of a substrate, printing with hot melt toner on the selected areas to provide a toner image and fusing the toner image, and applying an over-coating by printing a further coating material onto the toner image.

The process is for coating a secure bond for toner deposition images and the application of a secure coating and may comprise a selective coating applied to selective areas of the fused toner.

The coating applied on to the fused toner may be machine readable by the use of transmission and reflectance of any or a combination of visible light, Ultra violet light and/or infra red light.

The material applied to the surface of the substrate may be cured by the use of one or more external energy sources comprising any of IR, UV radiation, Electron beam or any other suitable energy source.

The coating applied on top of the toner may be cured by the use of one or more external energy sources comprising any of IR, UV radiation, Electron beam or any other suitable energy source.

The coating to the substrate is applied by using a printing process i.e. a lithographic process, a flexographic and Gravure process or any or any other printing process.

The coating applied on top of the toner is applied by using a printing process i.e. lithographic process, flexographic and Gravure process or any other printing process.

A separate coating may be applied to the substrate and a further coating then applied on top of the fused toner.

The first step in the process is preferably to print a coating onto the surface of the paper in at least the areas where the toner would be applied. This coating is preferably applied on the top of any other printed designs. The coating can be applied by a printing process such a lithographic, Gravure or flexographic or any other printing process. The documents may then be processed in toner deposition system and the toner is then fused as normal within the machine.

The fused images are than preferably coated with a material over all or some of the toner generated marking. The coating is applied by the flexographic lithographic printing process or Gravure or any other printing process.

With the use of this process the toner bonding variations that occur naturally on the surface of the paper can be reduced thus increasing the bonding of the toner to the paper. The coating gives improved security against deliberate remove of toner by physical means and a method by which the area of toner generated data can be scanned using machine reading techniques.

A process according to the invention will now be explained by way of an example.

Example Laser Printing

In accordance with the invention, the first process step is to print a coating on to the document to be laser (toner-deposition) printed in at least the areas where the toner is to be deposited on to the substrate. This is done using a printing process and the material is applied on top of any other printings on the document, in at least the areas onto which the toner is to be applied. The second process is to laserprint the variable details onto the document. The toner is then fused in the standard way.

The document with the fused toner is then coated with a second layer using a printing process; the coating is used to cover at least the most sensitive toner generated data. The document is then issued, once the document is used and returned for reconciliation it can be passed along a track with a reader that checks if the coating is till intact and therefore if the data safety has been compromised.


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren zur Sicherheitsbeschichtung eines Dokuments,

dadurch gekennzeichnet,

dass das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst: zunächst Auftragen einer Vorbeschichtung, indem ein Beschichtungsmaterial auf ausgewählte Bereiche eines Substrats aufgedruckt wird, dann Bedrucken der ausgewählten Bereiche mit Schmelztoner, um ein Tonerbild zu schaffen, und Fixieren des Tonerbildes, und Auftragen einer Überbeschichtung durch Drucken eines weiteren Beschichtungsmaterials auf das Tonerbild.
Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,

dadurch gekennzeichnet,

dass die Überbeschichtung ein oder mehr Materialien umfasst, die ermöglichen, dass die Unversehrtheit der Beschichtung durch Maschinenlesetechniken überprüft wird.
Verfahren nach Anspruch 2,

dadurch gekennzeichnet,

dass die Überbeschichtung durch Transmission und Reflexion von sichtbarem, ultraviolettem oder Infrarot-Licht oder einer Kombination daraus maschinenlesbar sein kann.
Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche,

dadurch gekennzeichnet,

dass die Vorbeschichtung durch die Verwendung einer oder mehrerer externer Energiequellen ausgehärtet wird.
Verfahren nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche,

dadurch gekennzeichnet,

dass die Überbeschichtung durch die Verwendung einer oder mehrerer externer Energiequellen ausgehärtet wird.
Verfahren nach Anspruch 4 oder 5,

dadurch gekennzeichnet,

dass die eine oder mehr externen Energiequellen ein oder mehr Infrarot-, Ultraviolett- oder Elektronenstrahlen aussendende Geräte umfassen.
Anspruch[en]
A process for security coating of a document, characterised in that the process comprises the steps of first applying a pre-coating by printing a coating material onto selected areas of a substrate, printing with hot melt toner on the selected areas to provide a toner image and fusing the toner image, and applying an over-coating by printing a further coating material onto the toner image. A process according to claim 1 wherein said over-coating includes one or more materials which allow the integrity of the coating to be verified by machine-reading techniques. A process according to claim 2 wherein said over-coating may be machine readable by transmission and reflectance of any one or a combination of visible, ultra-violet or infrared light. A process according to any preceding claim wherein said pre-coating is cured by use of one or more external energy sources. A process according to any preceding claim wherein said over-coating is cured by use of one or more external energy sources. A process according to claim 4 or 5 where said respective one or more external energy sources comprise one or more of infrared, ultra violet or electron beam emitting devices.
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé d'application d'un revêtement de protection d'un document, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend les étapes suivantes : appliquer tout d'abord une sous-couche en imprimant un matériau de revêtement sur des zones sélectionnées d'un substrat, imprimer au moyen d'un toner thermofusible sur les zones sélectionnées pour obtenir une image de toner et fixer l'image de toner par fusion et appliquer une surcouche en imprimant un autre matériau de revêtement sur l'image de toner. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite surcouche comprend un ou plusieurs matériaux qui permettent de vérifier l'intégrité de la couche par des techniques de lecture par machine. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ladite surcouche peut être lue par une machine par transmission et réflexion de l'un quelconque ou d'une combinaison des rayonnements visible, ultraviolet ou infrarouge. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite sous-couche est réticulée en utilisant une ou plusieurs sources d'énergie externes. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite surcouche est réticulée en utilisant une ou plusieurs sources d'énergie externes. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 4 ou 5, dans lequel lesdites une ou plusieurs sources d'énergie respectives externes comprennent un ou plusieurs appareils émetteurs de faisceaux infrarouges, ultraviolets ou électroniques.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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