PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0876221 02.05.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0876221
Titel MAGNET-TROMMEL ABSCHEIDER
Anmelder Arvidson, Bo R., Lakewood, Col., US
Erfinder Arvidson, Bo R., Lakewood, Col., US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69526128
Vertragsstaaten AT, DE, ES, FR, GB, GR, IT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 29.12.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 959445693
WO-Anmeldetag 29.12.1995
PCT-Aktenzeichen US9517061
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 9621509
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 18.07.1996
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 11.11.1998
EP date of grant 27.03.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 02.05.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse B03C 1/10
IPC-Nebenklasse B03C 1/12   

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention involves material separators which separate particulate material into components thereof based upon the magnetic properties of such components. Specifically, the present invention concerns magnetic drum separators having a high field strength magnet assembly disposed internally of a drum so that, as material is advanced by the sidewall surface of the drum, differing trajectories are imparted to the components based upon differing magnetic attraction to the magnetic array.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

A processing step of separating an aggregate material into various components has proved highly valuable in modern industrial processes. Many different separation techniques have been utilized in the past with these techniques relying on differing characteristics of the components of the aggregate, such as size, weight, specific gravity, solubility in different solvents, etc. The separation of a particulate material into magnetic and non-magnetic components has particular utility. Among various magnetic separation apparatus, two particular assemblies enjoy wide-spread use in the dry and wet separation of particulate materials.

A first type of magnetic separation apparatus is known as a high-intensity magnetic roll separator. Typically, a magnetic roll separator is configured to have a cylindrical magnetic roller located at a downstream end and a cylindrical idler roller located an upstream end. A relatively thin conveyor belt encircles the magnetic roller and the idler roller to convey the particulate material for discharge at the magnetic roller end. Particulate material is deposited at an upstream end of the belt and advanced towards the downstream end and discharged as the conveyor belt moves around the magnetic roller. Magnetic components are attracted to the magnetic roller and thus have a different discharge trajectories than non-magnetic components. An example of such a magnetic roller assembly is shown in my U.S. Patent No. 5,101,980 issued April 7, 1992.

A second type of magnetic separation apparatus is known as a drum separator. A typical drum separator is constructed to have a drum formed as a cylindrical shell which is rotatably journaled onto a horizontal axis. Particulate material is introduced on the outer cylindrical surface of the drum and, as the drum rotates, this particulate material is advanced and is discharged under the force of gravity so as to have a discharge trajectory. A magnetic array is disposed internally of the drum and is located proximate to the drum sidewall. The magnetic array is positioned to interact with the particulate material before it is discharged from the drum surface. Thus, as the particulate material moves past the magnetic array, the magnetic attraction between certain components of the particulate material tend to adhere to the drum surface longer than non-magnetic components. Moreover, different magnetic components of the aggregate have varying strengths of interaction with the magnetic field from the magnet array so that the differing magnetic components as well as non-magnetic components have different discharge trajectories from the drum due to a combination of the magnetic force and the gravitational and inertial forces. The differing streams of particulate materials may be separated by simple partition walls either in chutes, bins or the like, and the separated components may be further processed and refined for purity.

The present invention is directed to this second type of magnetic separation apparatus and provides advantages over existing magnetic drum separators. For example, one difficulty in the construction of magnetic drum separators is the organization of a magnetic array which provides a magnetic field of sufficient strength to adequately interact with the magnetic components of the feed material. Whereas magnetic roll separators are able to use conveyor belts which are relatively thin and flexible, the drum of a magnetic drum separator must be of sufficient mechanical strength and rigidity to minimize deflection of the drum sidewall for large drum separators and otherwise to support the weight of the particulate material (usually crushed ore). This requires the drums to be constructed of a non-magnetic metal or a non-conductive material having a sufficient sidewall thickness to provide the requisite structural integrity. By having a thicker sidewall, the particulate material is by necessity located an increased distance from the magnetic array than that achieved, for example, by the magnetic roll separator. This of course diminishes the strength of the magnetic field at the outer surface of the drum.

Further, due to the typical construction of the rotating drum sidewall out of a non-magnetic metal material, the movement of the sidewall through the magnetic field causes the induction of eddy currents having their own electric magnetic field components. Since the force of these fields interacting with the magnetic field from the magnetic array must be overcome by the mechanical drive for the drum itself, the support structure for the magnetic array and the drum mast be adequately designed, especially where the magnetic array provides superior magnetic field strength.

One known magnetic drum separator is disclosed in US-A-2 992 738 which describes a magnetic separator comprising a separator drum having an exterior surface for receiving and conveying material to be separated, means mounting said drum for rotation on its central axis, a permanent magnet assembly in said drum for providing a working magnetic field at said exterior surface tending to cause separation of the material having magnetic properties from the remainder of the material, said assembly comprising a series of pole pieces spaced along the inner periphery of said drum in close proximity thereto, stacks of slabs of ceramic permanent magnet material between the successive pole pieces and in heat exchange contact therewith, and means extending in heat exchange relation to said pole pieces for controlling the temperature of said ceramic permanent magnet material.

Another known magnetic drum separator is disclosed in US-A-3 552 565 which describes a suspended magnet, rotary drum, magnetic pulley or like separator or cobber for the recovery of magnetic materials from comminuted nonmagnetic materials and wherein a ferromagnetic coil constitutes part of the means for energizing a ferromagnetic circuit and also constitutes part of this circuit.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a new and useful magnetic drum separator which is adapted to separate particulate aggregate material into components of differing magnetic properties.

Accordingly, the invention provides an apparatus for separating a particulate material into different components as defined in claim 1.

Preferably, circumjacent ones of the first magnets have north and south magnetic poles aligned perpendicularly to a radial direction relative to the drum with similar magnetic poles of the circumjacent ones facing one another with a respective bar disposed therebetween. Here also, it is preferred that the second magnets have north and south magnetic poles aligned with the radial direction and that the second magnet located between circumjacent ones of the first magnets have a similar magnet pole facing the respective bar between the circumjacent first magnets. Moreover, it is preferred that each of the first magnets each be constructed out of a plurality of discrete magnetic elements which are arranged stack-wise in the longitudinal direction. Likewise, each of the second magnets may also be formed of a plurality of discrete second magnetic elements. In any event, it is preferred that both the first and second magnets be constructed of a rare earth alloy material.

In the magnetic separator, it is preferred that a rigid axle member be disposed in the interior of the drum and that the drum be rotatably journaled on bearings at either end of the rigid axle member. The magnetic array is then mounted between a pair of support brackets rigidly connected to the axle member in the interior of the drum, with each of these support brackets being formed by a pair of bracket sections that are adjustable with respect to one another to allow a degree of adjustment in the positioning of the magnetic array. An arcuate support plate may be connected to each of the support brackets to extend therebetween and to support the magnetic array at a radially inward location. The longitudinally extending bars may be connected at opposite ends to the support brackets and may also be connected to the support plate. Each of these bars may be trapezoidal in cross-section with a pair of oppositely and circumferentially projecting flanges to retain the first magnets therebetween. These first magnets may be supported against the support plate by means of longitudinally extending spacer bars which are connected at opposite ends to the support brackets. The second magnets may then be sandwiched between the support plate and the longitudinally extending bars, and retaining channels may be formed longitudinally in the support plate to nestably receive the second magnets.

Opposite annular ends may enclose the interior of the drum with these annular ends being rotatably journaled on bearings mounted to the rigid axle. A drum drive shaft may be interconnected to one of these annular ends and the drive with the drum drive shaft being rotatably journaled with respect to the frame on a shaft bearing.

The magnetic array may be selected to extend a selected arcuate distance around the axle member. Preferably, the active surface of the magnetic array is arcuate in shape and, to this end, the outer surfaces of the longitudinally extending bars which form part of the magnetic array are arcuate in shape. The array extends preferably at least 45° of arc about the axle, although it is preferred that the active surface of the magnetic array extend in a range of between 75° and 120° of arc, inclusively.

These and other objects of the present invention will become more readily appreciated and understood from a consideration of the following detailed description of the exemplary embodiment when taken together with the accompanying drawings, in which:

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of a magnetic drum separator according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention;
  • Figure 2 is a side view in partial cross-section showing the drum and drum supports of the magnetic drum separator shown in Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view taken about lines 3-3 of Figure 2;
  • Figure 4 is an exploded view in perspective showing the support bracket for the magnetic array shown in Figures 2 and 3;
  • Figure 5 is an end view of a portion of the magnetic array shown in Figure 3;
  • Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view taken about lines 6-6 of Figure 5;
  • Figure 7 is an end view in cross-section of a portion of the magnetic array shown in Figures 2 and 3;
  • Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view taken about lines 8-8 of Figure 7; and
  • Figure 9 is a diagrammatic view showing the organization of the magnetic poles of the magnetic array of Figures 2 and 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENT

The present invention is directed to a magnetic drum separator which is useful in the separation of particulate, aggregate material into different components which have different magnetic properties. This invention may be used with both dry material, wet material and slurried material where components of differing magnetic properties are present. Accordingly, the present invention is particularly useful as initial separation process for treating finely crushed ore or other materials.

With reference first to Figure 1, it may be seen that magnetic drum separator 10 includes a drum 12 rotatably journaled on a rotational axis "R". Rotation is imparted, for example, by means of an electrical drive motor 14 acting through gear box 16, which turns drum drive shaft 18 through coupler 20. Drum 12 is rotatably journaled on a framework 22 with rotational axis "R" preferably being oriented horizontally. Particulate matter may be introduced onto the outer surface of drum 12 at an upper location, for example, by means of chute 24. In Figure 1, it may be seen that representative particulate material is introduced as feed "F" with drum 12 being rotated in the direction of arrow "A".

With reference to Figure 2 and 3, it may be seen that drum 12 is formed as a hollow cylindrical shell having a sidewall 26 formed of any material suitably strong and rigid so as to be able to support the particulate material during processing. Sidewall 26 may be constructed for example, of non-magnetic steel or other metal or any other suitably strong and rigid non-conductive material. Accordingly, sidewall 26 has a cylindrical working surface 28 onto which the particulate material is placed. Annular drum end castings 30 and 31 along with drum sidewall 26 enclose a relatively open interior 32 of drum 12, and it may be seen in Figure 2 that end castings 30 and 31 are rotatably supported by bearings 34 on a stationary or static shaft 36. A first end 38 of shaft 36 is rigidly supported by shaft clamp block 40. Clamp block 40 is in turn supported on framework 22. Shaft seal ring 44 is mounted to the end casting 30 to provide a sealing contact with shaft 36 when drum 12 is rotated.

A second end 46 of shaft 36 is rotatably supported by bearing 34 on end casting 31. Drum drive shaft 48 is secured by means of bolts 50 to end casting 31, with drive shaft 48 having a shank 52 rotatably mounted in plummer block 54 that supports bearing 56 on framework 22. Drum drive shaft 48 is then mechanically connected to drive shaft 58 from gear box 16 by means of drive shaft coupling 20, as noted above.

With reference to Figures 2 and 3, it may now be appreciated that a magnetic array 60 is disposed in interior 32 of drum 12. Here, magnetic array 60 has an arcuate active surface 62 and is supported radially by means of a pair of brackets 64 and 70 and an arcuate support plate 72. Support plate 72 extends longitudinally of drum 12 between brackets 64 and 70 so as to be concentric with drum sidewall 26. Active surface 62 is therefore in closely spaced concentric relation with sidewall 26 inner surface 29 as sidewall 26 rotates past active surface 62 of magnetic array 60.

To accomplish this positioning, each of brackets 64 and 70 is formed by a pair of sections. Thus, an exemplary bracket 64 is shown in Figure 4 and includes an inner bracket piece 66 and an outer bracket piece 68 which may be bolted together by means of bolts 74 extending through slots 76 in bracket piece 66 to engage threaded bores 78 in bracket piece 68. The provision of slots 76 in inner bracket piece 66 allows for a modest amount of radial adjustment of support plate 72 and magnetic array 60. Inner bracket piece 66 is then affixed to shaft 36 for example, by weldments 80. Bracket 70 is constructed similarly as bracket 64 and has inner bracket piece 82 and an outer bracket piece 84 with inner bracket piece 82 being affixed to shaft 36, for example, by weldments 86.

The construction of magnetic array 60 may now be more fully understood, especially with reference to Figures 3-8. Here, it may be seen that support plate 72 is connected between brackets 64 and 70 by bolts 88 received in threaded bores 90 of support plate 72. A plurality of longitudinally extending bars 92 have arcuate outer surfaces 93 and have opposite ends bolted to brackets 64 and 70 by means of bolts 94 extending, for example, through holes 96 in outer bracket piece 68 to be threadably received in threaded bores 98 of each bar 92. As is shown in Figure 3, bars 92 are circumferentially spaced from one another with the outer bars 92' providing the longitudinally extending lateral edges for magnetic array 60.

A plurality of first magnets 100 extend longitudinally of magnetic array 60 and are interposed in abutting relationship between a pair of circumjacent bars 92. As is shown in Figure 8, each of first magnets 100 is actually formed by a plurality of magnetic elements 102 organized and stack-wise relation in the longitudinal direction. Each magnetic element 102 of first magnets 100 is supported by a longitudinally extending spacer bar 104 interposed between support plates 72 and first magnets 100, as best shown in Figure 7. Spacer bars 104 extend between brackets 64, 70 and are connected thereto by means of bolts 106 extending through holes 108, for example, in outer bracket piece 68 and received in threaded bores 110 in the opposite ends of spacer bar 104. Support plate 72 an spacer bars 104 may be constructed of any suitable material, but aluminum is preferable due to cost and weight considerations.

As is best shown in Figure 5, each bar 92 is generally trapezoidal in cross-section but has a pair of oppositely projecting flanges 112 so that magnets 100 are confined between spacer bars 104 and flanges 112 of an adjacent pair of bars 92. As noted above, each bar 92 extends longitudinally between brackets 64, 70 and are secured by means of bolts 94 thereto. Bars 92 are also secured to spacer bar 72 as is best shown in Figure 6. Here, it may be seen that a plurality of bolts 114 extend through holes 116 formed radially in support plate 72 with the ends of bolts 114 being threadably secured in threaded bores 118 extending radially into each spacer bar 92. With reference to Figures 5 and 6, it may be seen that a second magnet 120 provides a magnetic means associated with a majority of bars 92 with second magnets 120 being interposed in abutting relationship between a respective bar 92 and support plate 72 so that each is located radially inwardly of a respective bar and extends longitudinally therealong. To this end, support plate 72 is provided with a plurality of longitudinally extending shallow channels 124, such as that shown in Figure 5, to help locate each second magnet 120. Moreover, as is best shown in Figure 6, each second magnet 120 may actually be provided by a plurality of second magnetic elements 122 which are separated by spaces 123 to accommodate bolts 114, noted above.

It may be appreciated that the organization of first magnets 100, second magnets 120 along with bars 92, 92' provide a superior magnetic field for magnetic drum separator 10. To this end, each magnetic element 102 of first magnets 100 as well as each magnetic element 122 of second magnets 120 are high field strength rare earth alloy magnets. It should be understood, however, that other magnets, such as ceramic ferrite magnets, rare-earth magnets and the like, could be employed depending on the field strength desired. Bars 92, 92' are constructed of low carbon steel or any suitable ferromagnetic material and act to help focus the magnetic fields from magnets 100, 120. Further, it should be appreciated by the ordinarily skilled person in this field that the circumferential width, profile shape and number of bars 92, 92' as well as the size and number of the magnets 100, 120 can be varied to achieve a desired magnetic strength and number of magnetic poles as different applications may require without departing from the scope of this invention.

With reference to Figure 9, it may now be seen that arrows 130, 132 show the direction of the magnetic poles of magnets 100 and 120 with the head of arrows 130, 132 indicating a magnetic north. In Figure 9 it may be seen that magnets 100 have magnetic poles that are oriented perpendicularly to the radial direction with like poles of each circumjacent magnet 100 facing one another with a bar 92 located therebetween, that is, circumjacent ones of magnets 100 have oppositely oriented polarities. Moreover, each magnet 120 has magnetic poles extending radially with the direction of such poles alternating for each circumjacent magnet 120, that is, circumjacent ones of magnets 120 have oppositely oriented polarities. Here, also, it may be seen that each magnet 120 has a magnetic pole contacting bar 92 that is the same as the magnetic poles of magnets 100 that face that respective bar 92.

From the foregoing, and in reference to Figure 9, it may be appreciated that each adjacent bar 92 has alternating polarity and is at high magnetic flux due to the organization of magnets 100 and 120. Thus, a very high magnetic field strength, approximating 0.3 to 2.2 Tesla, extends along active surface 62 with this magnetic flux extending arcuately between each adjacent arcuate surface 93 of the adjacent bars 92.

In operation, an aggregate material may be conveyed by the outer surface of drum 12. In this manner, it is advanced by sidewall 26 so that it moves past magnetic array 60 which has its arcuate active surface 62 oriented in close-spaced facing relation to the inner surface of sidewall 26. Particles in the aggregate material which have no magnetic property will discharge from drum 12 with a trajectory depending solely upon gravitational and inertial forces. However, those components which are magnetic will tend to adhere to the surface of drum 12 due to the presence of magnetic array 60. Thus, the magnetic components will have a different trajectory based on the combination of the magnetic force with the inertial and gravitational forces. Moreover, where the magnetic components differ in degree of magnetism, these components will likewise have a different amount of interaction with magnetic array 60 and therefore have different trajectories as well.

While the above invention has been described specifically with respect to the magnetic separation of aggregate material which is often in dry particulate form, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to just a separation of dry materials. Indeed, the drum and magnetic array may be suitably oriented to receive wet, slurried materials which may also be separated by array 60 into magnetic and non-magnetic components. All that is necessary, as the ordinarily skilled artisan will realize, is the provision of the necessary troughs to hold the slurried material as well as the proper positioning of magnetic array 60 relative to the slurry material, all as is known in the art.

Accordingly, the present invention has been described with some degree of particularity directed to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention. It should be appreciated, though, that the present invention is defined by the following claims construed in light of the prior art so that modifications or changes may be made to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention without departing from the inventive concepts contained herein.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Vorrichtung zum Trennen eines Partikelmaterials in unterschiedliche Bestandteile gemäß unterschiedlicher magnetischer Eigenschaften, wobei die Vorrichtung eine Trommel (12) umfasst, welche eine Seitenwand (26) aufweist, die als eine zylindrische Schale ausgebildet und zur Drehung relativ zu einer Lagerstruktur an einer Längsachse gelagert ist, wobei die Trommel einen offenen Trommelinnenbereich (32) aufweist, wobei die Vorrichtung eine Magnetanordnung (60) umfasst, die in dem Trommelinnenbereich (32) angeordnet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Magnetanordnung (60) aus einer Mehrzahl von in Längsrichtung verlaufenden Stäben (92) gebildet ist, welche in Umfangsrichtung mit Abstand voneinander angeordnet und aus einem ferromagnetischen Material aufgebaut sind, sowie aus einer Mehrzahl von in Längsrichtung verlaufenden ersten Permanentmagneten (100) gebildet ist, wobei einer der ersten Permanentmagnete (100) zwischen in Umfangsrichtung benachbarten der Stäbe (92) angeordnet ist, wobei die Stäbe (92) und die ersten Magnete (100) eine im Allgemeinen bogenförmige aktive Fläche (62) aufweisen, welche in engem Abstand der Innenfläche der Seitenwand (26) gegenüberliegen, wobei die Magnetanordnung (60) weiterhin einen zweiten Magneten (120) umfasst, der einem jeden von einem Großteil der Stäbe (92) zugeordnet ist, wobei die zweiten Magnete (120) jeweils radial einwärts eines jeweiligen Stabs (92) angeordnet sind und in Längsrichtung entlang von diesem verlaufen, wobei die zweiten Magnete (120) eine in einer radialen Richtung verlaufende Polarität aufweisen, wobei die Magnetanordnung (60) derart angeordnet ist, dass Partikelmaterial an einer Außenfläche der Seitenwand (26) durch Magnetkräfte von der Magnetanordnung (60) beeinflusst werden wird, wenn die Seitenwand darüber voranbewegt wird.
  2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei in Umfangsrichtung benachbarte der ersten Permanentmagnete entgegengesetzt orientierte Polaritäten aufweisen.
  3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die ersten Magnete orthogonal zur radialen Richtung ausgerichtete Nord- und Südpole aufweisen und wobei ähnliche magnetische Pole von den in Umfangsrichtung benachbarten der ersten Magnete mit einem jeweiligen zwischen ihnen angeordneten Stab aufeinander zu weisen.
  4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei benachbarte der zweiten Magnete in der radialen Richtung ausgerichtete magnetische Nord- und Südpole aufweisen, wobei benachbarte der zweiten Magnete radial nach außen weisende entgegengesetzte Magnetpole aufweisen.
  5. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1, 2, 3 oder 4, wobei die Stäbe einen trapezoidförmigen Querschnitt und eine bogenförmige Außenfläche aufweisen, welche einen Abschnitt der aktiven Fläche definiert.
  6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Stäbe jeweils ein Paar von Flanschen aufweisen, welche nahe ihrer bogenförmigen Außenfläche angeordnet sind und derart bemessen sind, dass in Umfangsrichtung benachbarte der Stäbe entgegengesetzte Flansche aufweisen, welche zum Halten eines jeweiligen ersten Magneten dienen.
  7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, welche ein Achselement umfasst, das in dem Innenbereich der Trommel entlang der Längsachse angeordnet ist, wobei die Magnetanordnung relativ zu dem Achselement durch eine Mehrzahl von in Längsrichtung mit Abstand voneinander angeordneten Beschlägen gelagert ist, wobei jede der Stäbe entgegengesetzte Stabenden aufweist, welche zwischen einem ersten und einem zweiten der Beschläge befestigt sind.
  8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei jeder der Beschläge durch ein Paar von Beschlagabschnitten gebildet ist, welche einstellbar miteinander verbunden sind, wodurch die Position der aktiven Fläche in radialer Richtung einstellbar sein kann.
  9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, welche eine in Längsrichtung verlaufende bogenförmige Trägerplatte umfasst, die zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten der Beschläge derart befestigt ist, dass sie bezüglich der Trommelseitenwand konzentrisch orientiert ist, wobei die zweiten Magnete zwischen der bogenförmigen Trägerplatte und den Stäben angeordnet sind.
  10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die aktive Fläche der Magnetanordnung in einem Bereich von zwischen einschließlich 45° und 120° eines Bogens verläuft.
  11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Position der aktiven Fläche der Magnetanordnung in radialer Richtung einstellbar ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. An apparatus for separating a particulate material into different components according to different magnetic properties, wherein the apparatus includes a drum (12) having a sidewall (26) formed as a cylindrical shell and journaled for rotation relative to a support structure on a longitudinal axis with the drum having an open drum interior (32), said apparatus includes a magnetic array (60) disposed in the drum interior (32) characterized in that said magnetic array (60) is formed of a plurality of longitudinally extending bars (92) circumferentially spaced from one another and constructed of a ferromagnetic material and a plurality of longitudinally extending first permanent magnets (100), there being one of said first permanent magnets (100) disposed between circumjacent ones of said bars (92), said bars (92) and said first magnets (100) having a generally arcuate active surface (62) disposed in close-spaced facing relation to an inner surface of said sidewall (26), said magnetic array (60) further including a second magnet (120) associated with each of a majority of said bars (92), said second magnets (120) each located radially inwardly of a respective bar (92) and extending longitudinally therealong, said second magnets (120) having a polarity extending in a radial direction, said magnetic array (60) positioned such that particulate material on an outer surface of said sidewall (26) will be influenced by magnetic forces from said magnetic array (60) as said sidewall is advanced thereon.
  2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein circumjacent ones of said first permanent magnets have oppositely oriented polarities.
  3. The apparatus of claim 1 or claim 2 wherein said first magnets have north and south poles aligned perpendicularly to the radial direction and with similar magnetic poles of said circumjacent ones of said first magnets facing one another with a respective bar disposed therebetween.
  4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein adjacent ones of said second magnets have north and south magnetic poles aligned in the radial direction with adjacent ones of said second magnets having opposite magnetic poles facing radially outwardly.
  5. The apparatus of any one of claims 1, 2, 3 or 4 wherein said bars are trapezoidal in cross-section and have an outer arcuate surface defining a portion of the active surface.
  6. The apparatus of claim 5 wherein said bars each have a pair of flanges disposed proximately to the outer arcuate surface thereof and sized so that circumjacent ones of said bars have opposed flanges operative to retain a respective first magnet.
  7. The apparatus of claim 1 including an axle member disposed in the interior of said drum along the longitudinal axis, said magnetic array being supported relative to said axle member by a plurality of longitudinally spaced-apart brackets, wherein each of said bars has opposite bar ends secured between first and second ones of said brackets.
  8. The apparatus of claim 7 wherein each of said brackets is formed by a pair of bracket sections which are adjustably connected to one another whereby the active surface may be radially adjustable in position.
  9. The apparatus of claim 7 including a longitudinally extending arcuate support plate secured between said first and second ones of said brackets so as to be oriented concentrically with respect to said drum sidewall, said second magnets being disposed between said arcuate support plate and said bars.
  10. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the active surface of said magnet array extends in a range of between 45° and 120° of arc, inclusively.
  11. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the active surface of said magnetic array is radially adjustable in position.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil destiné à séparer un matériau particulaire en différents composants selon différentes propriétés magnétiques, dans lequel l'appareil comprend un tambour (12) ayant une paroi latérale (26) formée en tant qu'enveloppe cylindrique et tourillonnée à des fins de rotation par rapport à une structure de maintien sur un axe longitudinal avec le tambour ayant un intérieur de tambour ouvert (32), ledit appareil comprenant un ensemble magnétique (60) disposé à l'intérieur du tambour (32), caractérisé en ce que ledit ensemble magnétique (60) est formé d'une pluralité de barres s'étendant longitudinalement (92) espacées circonférentiellement les unes des autres et construites à partir d'un matériau ferromagnétique et d'une pluralité de premiers aimants permanents s'étendant longitudinalement (100), l'un desdits premiers aimants permanents (100) étant disposé entre des barres adjacentes de manière circonférentielle desdites barres (92), lesdites barres (92) et lesdits premiers aimants (100) ayant une surface active généralement arquée (62) disposée en se faisant face de manière rapprochée avec une surface intérieure de ladite paroi latérale (26), ledit ensemble magnétique (60) comprenant en outre un second aimant (120) associé avec chacune de la majorité desdites barres (92), lesdits seconds aimants (120) étant chacun situés radialement vers l'intérieur d'une barre respective (92) et s'étendant longitudinalement le long de celle-ci, lesdits seconds aimants (120) ayant une polarité s'étendant dans une direction radiale, ledit ensemble magnétique (60) étant positionné de manière que le matériau particulaire sur une surface extérieure de ladite paroi latérale (26) soit influencé par des forces magnétiques à partir dudit ensemble magnétique (60) à mesure aue ladite paroi latérale avance dessus.
  2. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel des aimants permanents adjacents de manière circonférentielle desdits premiers aimants permanents ont des polarités orientées de manière opposée.
  3. Appareil selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel lesdits premiers aimants ont des pôles nord et sud alignés perpendiculairement à la direction radiale et avec des pôles magnétiques similaires desdits aimants permanents adjacents de manière circonférentielle desdits premiers aimants permanents se faisant face, une barre respective étant disposée entre eux.
  4. Appareil selon la revendication 3, dans lequel des aimants permanents adjacents desdits seconds aimants permanents ont des pôles magnétiques nord et sud alignés dans la direction radiale avec des aimants adjacents desdits seconds aimants ayant des pôles magnétiques opposés se faisant face radialement vers l'extérieur.
  5. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1, 2, 3 ou 4, dans lequel lesdites barres sont trapézoïdales en coupe transversale et ont une surface extérieure arquée définissant une partie de la surface active.
  6. Appareil selon la revendication 5, dans lequel lesdits barres ont chacune une paire de brides disposées à proximité de la surface extérieure arquée de celles-ci et dimensionnées de manière à ce que des barres adjacentes de manière circonférentielle desdites barres ont des brides opposées pouvant fonctionner pour retenir un premier aimant respectif.
  7. Appareil selon la revendication 1, comprenant un élément formant essieu disposé à l'intérieur dudit tambour le long de l'axe longitudinal, ledit ensemble magnétique étant supporté par rapport audit élément formant essieu par une pluralité de supports espacés longitudinalement, dans lequel chacune desdites barres a des extrémités de barre opposées fixées entre des premier et second desdits supports.
  8. Appareil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel chacun desdits supports est formé par une paire de sections de supports qui sont connectées l'une à l'autre de manière réglable, de sorte que la surface active peut être ajustée radialement en position.
  9. Appareil selon la revendication 7, comprenant une plaque de support arquée s'étendant longitudinalement fixée entre lesdits premier et second supports de manière à être orientée concentriquement par rapport à ladite paroi latérale du tambour, lesdits seconds aimants étant disposés entre ladite plaque de support arquée et lesdites barres.
  10. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la surface active dudit ensemble magnétique s'étend selon un arc compris entre 45° et 120° inclus.
  11. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la surface active dudit ensemble magnétique est ajustable radialement en position.






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