PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1000708 08.05.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1000708
Titel Feststell-Vorrichtung für optimales Spiel bei einstellbaren Schraubschlüsseln
Anmelder Hu, Bobby, Taichung, TW
Erfinder Hu, Bobby, Taichung, TW
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69804626
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 11.11.1998
EP-Aktenzeichen 981211485
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.05.2000
EP date of grant 03.04.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 08.05.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse B25B 13/14

Beschreibung[en]
1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to clearance retaining devices that may assure an optimal clearance between a movable jaw of an adjustable wrench and an article held between the movable jaw and the fixed jaw.

2. Description of the Related Art

Fig. 23 illustrates a typical adjustable wrench that has a fixed jaw 12' and a movable jaw 13'. When driving a nut (not shown), the adjusting screw 14' is rotated until the space between the jaws 12' and 13' is capable of receiving the nut. Next, the movable jaw 13' is moved toward the fixed jaw 12' to tightly clamp the nut. Typically, an end wall of the movable jaw 13' generally has an angle α (about 0.5°) to a plane that is parallel to an inner wall of the fixed jaw 12'. Nevertheless, in order to allow easy disengagement of the adjustable wrench and the nut, the user generally has to proceed with minor adjustment by means of rotating the adjusting screw 14' again to move the movable jaw 13' slightly away from the fixed jaw 12' to thereby obtain an optimal clearance. However, such minor adjustment is difficult to achieve. The faces or edges of the nut will be damaged if the minor adjustment goes too far. To the contrary, it is difficult to disengage the adjustable wrench from the nut if the minor adjustment is not enough. In addition, the movable jaw 13' and the adjusting screw 14', even if the minor adjustment is achieved, will be moved upon repeated operation of the adjustable wrench on the nut. Furthermore, the adjusting screw 14' might be inadvertently impinged by the user's fingers or any articles and thus causes a change in the clearance. As a result, there is a high risk of damage to the nut. Use of the adjustable wrenches is even prohibited in certain cases.

Document US-A-2 765 690, which is considered to represent the most relevant state of the art, discloses an adjustable wrench having a handle, a head rotatably connected to the handle and including a fixed jaw formed thereon and a movable jaw mounted thereon, an adjusting screw rotatably mounted in a web area between the handle and the head. The clearance retaining device disclosed in US-A-2 765 690 includes the rotatable handle having a tooth which is engaged in a sleeve, the adjusting screw and a spring biasing the adjustable screw away from the head. First, the user adjusts nearly the opening of the jaws by rotating the adjustable screw until having an optimal clearance left between the jaws and the nut. Then the user tightens or untightens the nut by applying a load on the handle. Due to the applied load, the handle rotates around its axle and then pushes the sleeve against the adjustable screw compressing the spring and closing the clearance between the nut and the jaws, insuring then an tightening or untightening of the nut without any risk to damage the nut.

It is therefore a long and unfulfilled need in the adjustable wrench with a clearance retaining device to reliably retain the adjustable wrench in an optimal clearance.

Summary of the Invention

It is a primary object of the present invention to provide an adjustable wrench with a retaining device to assure an optimal clearance between the movable jaw and the nut.

An adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention comprises:

  • a handle;
  • a head connected to the handle and including a fixed jaw formed thereon and a movable jaw mounted thereon;
  • an adjusting screw rotatably mounted in a web area between the handle and the head for moving the movable jaw relative to the fixed jaw upon rotational movement of the adjusting screw; and
  • a clearance retaining device having an end releasably engaged with the adjusting screw and movable between a first free position and a second retained position;
   wherein the clearance retaining device is normally in the first free position not engaged with the adjusting screw, and when the clearance retaining device is moved to the second retained position, the adjusting screw is rotated through a pre-determined angle such that the movable jaw is slightly moved away from the fixed jaw for a pre-determined distance, and the clearance retaining device is retained in the second retained position by the adjusting screw.

Preferably, the web area includes a chamber defined therein for receiving the clearance retaining device.

In an embodiment of the invention, the clearance retaining device includes an actuating member having a first section with a first end for releasably engaging with the adjusting screw and a second end. The actuating member further includes a second section having a first end connected to the second end of the first actuating member and a second end securely attached to the web area. A pin is extended through the second end of the first section of the actuating member to allow pivotal movement of the first end of the actuating member relative to the pin. An elastic member is provided for biasing the first end of the first section of the actuating member to the first free position. The elastic member includes a first section securely received in the web area and a second section that extends upwardly for biasing the first end of the first section of the actuating member to the first free position.

In another embodiment of the invention, the clearance retaining device includes an actuating member having a first end for releasably engaging with the adjusting screw and a second end with a slot defined therein. A pin is extended through the slot in the second end of the actuating member to allow pivotal movement of the first end of the actuating member relative to the pin. An elastic element is mounted in the slot of the actuating member for biasing the first end of the actuating member toward the adjusting screw. Furthermore, an elastic member is provided for biasing the first end of the first section of the actuating member to the first free position. The elastic member includes a first section securely received in the web area and a second section that extends upwardly for biasing the first end of the first section of the actuating member to the first free position.

In a further embodiment of the invention, the clearance retaining device includes a supporting member mounted in the web area, an actuating member, an elastic member, and a pin. The actuating member includes a first actuating plate and a second actuating plate. The first actuating plate includes a first section with a slot defined in a distal end thereof and a second section. The second actuating plate includes a first section with a distal end extended through the slot in the first actuating plate and a second section in close contact with the second section of the first actuating plate. The distal end of the first section of the second actuating plate is releasably engaged with the adjusting screw. The elastic member biases the distal end of the second actuating plate to the first free position. The pin is extended through the first section of the first actuating plate, the first section of the second actuating plate, the elastic member, and the supporting plate. This allows the distal end of the first section of the first actuating plate and the distal end of the first section of the second actuating plate to pivot relative to the pin.

In still another embodiment of the invention, the retaining device is an elastic member that includes a first section securely received in the web area and a second section having a first actuating end releasably engaged with the adjusting screw and a second end. A pin is extended through the second end of the second section of the elastic member to allow the first actuating end to pivot relative to the pin.

The adjustable wrenches in accordance with the present invention allow easy, rapid fine adjustment to obtain an optimal clearance for operation, and such fine adjustment can be easily accomplished by a layman. In addition, damage to nuts or the like operated by the adjustable wrench is prevented. Furthermore, the optimal clearance can be repeatedly obtained and reliably retained while allowing easy disengagement of the nuts and the adjustable wrench.

Other objects, advantages, and novel features of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings

  • Fig. 1 is a partial perspective view illustrating a head portion of a first embodiment of an adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a partial exploded view of the adjustable wrench in Fig. 1;
  • Figs. 3-5 are partial sectional views illustrating operation of an optimal clearance retaining device of the first embodiment;
  • Fig. 6 is a partial top view illustrating use of the adjustable wrench in Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 7 is a partial exploded view illustrating a head portion of a second embodiment of an adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figs. 8-10 are partial sectional views illustrating operation of an optimal clearance retaining device of the adjustable wrench of the second embodiment;
  • Fig. 11 is a partial exploded view illustrating a head portion of a third embodiment of an adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figs. 12-14 are partial sectional views illustrating operation of an optimal clearance retaining device of the adjustable wrench of the third embodiment;
  • Fig. 15 is a partial exploded view illustrating a head portion of a fourth embodiment of an adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figs. 16-18 are partial sectional views illustrating operation of an optimal clearance retaining device of the adjustable wrench of the fourth embodiment;
  • Fig. 19 is a partial exploded view illustrating a head portion of a fifth embodiment of an adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figs. 20-22 are partial sectional views illustrating operation of an optimal clearance retaining device of the adjustable wrench of the fifth embodiment; and
  • Fig. 23 is a schematic top view of a conventional adjustable wrench.

Detailed Description

Referring to the drawings and initially to Figs. I and 2, a first embodiment of an adjustable wrench 100 in accordance with the present invention generally includes a handle 11 and a head 10. The head 10 includes a fixed jaw 12, a movable jaw 13, and a channel 17 for guiding rectilinear movement of the movable jaw 13 relative to the fixed jaw 12. Interconnected between the handle 11 and the head 10 is a web area (not labeled) that includes a compartment 15 for rotatably receiving an adjusting screw 14. The web area further includes a chamber 16 communicated with the compartment 15, which will be described later. In this embodiment, the adjusting screw 14 is rotatably mounted to an axle 18 that is securely mounted in a hole 151 that aligns with the compartment 15, thereby allowing the adjusting screw 14 to rotate freely in the compartment 15. The adjusting screw 14 includes a helical groove 142 and an anti-skid surface 141 formed on a peak thereof. Referring to Fig. 3, the movable jaw 13 includes an end 131 received in the helical groove 142, whereby rotational movements of the adjusting screw 14 cause rectilinear movements of the movable jaw 13 relative to the fixed jaw 12, which is conventional and therefore not further described.

Referring to Figs. 1 to 3, an optimal clearance retaining device is mounted in the chamber 16 and includes a substantially M-shaped elastic member 24, a manual actuating member 20, and a pin 25. The manual actuating member 20 is substantially L-shaped and includes a first actuating section 22 and a second section 21. The pin 25 is extended through a slot 23 in an end of the first actuating section 22, the M-shaped elastic member 24, and a pin hole 161 in a bottom wall that defines the chamber 16, best shown in Fig. 3. Thus, the other end of the first actuating section 22 is pivotable about the pin 25. The elastic member 24 biases the first actuating section 22 to a free position (Fig. 3).

In use, the user may clamp a nut 70 (Fig. 6) between the fixed jaw 12 and the movable jaw 13 by means of conventional operational procedure before fine adjustment. If a nut 70 (Fig. 6) has been tightly clamped between the fixed jaw 12 and the movable jaw 13 (see the solid lines in Fig. 6), the user may manually press the other end of the first actuating section 22 that is adjacent to the adjusting screw 14. Thus, upon movement of the first actuating section 22 along a path "C", the first actuating section 22 is moved from a position shown in Fig. 3 to a position shown in Fig. 5, while the status shown in Fig. 4 is a transition status. As a result, the adjusting wheel 14 is moved through a pre-determined angle (see the change of positions of points A and B) such that the movable jaw 13 is slightly moved away from the fixed jaw 12. As a result, the movable jaw 13 has a pre-determined clearance "t" (Fig. 6) to the nut 70. It is appreciated that the second section 21 and the slot 23 assist in stable movement of the manual actuating member 20. The travel of the other end of the first actuating end 22 has been precisely designed to cause desired rotational movement of the adjusting screw 14 to thereby obtain an optimal clearance "t". As shown in Fig. 5, the other end of the first actuating section 22 is retained in place by the adjusting screw 14 after such fine adjustment. The second section 21 has an end that is securely attached to the bottom wall that defines the chamber 16 to assist in retaining of the first actuating section 22. Thus, a reliable optimal clearance can be repeatedly obtained by the adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention. Such optimal clearance avoids damage to the faces or edges of the nut 70 and allows easy disengagement of the adjustable spanner from the nut 70. In addition, the optimal clearance can be kept during use of the adjustable wrench. After use, the user may rotate the adjusting screw 14 in a reverse direction to release the retaining device to its initial status shown in Fig. 3 under the action of the elastic member 24.

Figs. 7 to 10 illustrate a second embodiment of the retaining device in accordance with the present invention, wherein like elements are designated by like reference numerals except for the optimal clearance retaining device. In this embodiment, the optimal clearance retaining device includes a substantially ">"-shaped elastic member 34, a manual actuating member 30, and a pin 35. The manual actuating member 30 is substantially L-shaped and includes a first actuating section 32 and a second section 31. The elastic member 34 includes a first section 342 that rests on the bottom wall that defines the chamber 16 and a second section 341 that extends upwardly to bias the first actuating section 32 to a free position. The pin 35 is extended through a slot 33 in an end of the first actuating section 32, a slot 343 in the elastic member 34, and a pin hole 161 in the bottom wall that defines the chamber 16, best shown in Fig. 8. Thus, the other end of the first actuating section 32 is pivotable about the pin 35.

Again, if a nut has been tightly clamped between the fixed jaw 12 and the movable jaw 13, the user may manually press the other end of the first actuating section 32 that is adjacent to the adjusting screw. Thus, upon movement of the first actuating section 32 along a path "C", the first actuating section 32 is moved from a position shown in Fig. 8 to a position shown in Fig. 10, while the status shown in Fig. 9 is a transition status. As a result, the adjusting wheel 14 is moved through a pre-determined angle (see the change of positions of points A and B) such that the movable jaw 13 is slightly moved away from the fixed jaw 12. As a result, the movable jaw 13 has a pre-determined clearance to the nut. It is appreciated that the second section 31 and the slot 33 assist in stable movement of the manual actuating member 30. The travel of the first actuating end 32 has been precisely designed to cause desired rotational movement of the adjusting screw 14 to thereby obtain an optimal clearance. As shown in Fig. 10, the first actuating section 32 is retained in place by the adjusting screw 14 after such fine adjustment. Thus, a reliable optimal clearance can be repeatedly obtained by the adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention. Such optimal clearance avoids damage to the faces or edges of the nut and allows easy disengagement of the adjustable spanner from the nut. In addition, the optimal clearance can be kept during use of the adjustable wrench. After use, the user may rotate the adjusting screw 14 in a reverse direction to release the retaining device to its initial status shown in Fig. 8 under the action of the elastic member 34.

Figs. 11 to 14 illustrate a third embodiment of the retaining device in accordance with the present invention, wherein like elements are designated by like reference numerals except for the optimal clearance retaining device. In this embodiment, the optimal clearance retaining device includes an elastic member 44, a manual actuating member 40, and a pin 45. The manual actuating member 40 includes a first actuating end 41 and a second end with a slot 42 defined therein. The elastic member 44 includes a first section 442 that rests on the bottom wall that defines the chamber 16 and a second section 441 that extends upwardly to bias the first actuating end 41 to a free position. The pin 45 is extended through a transverse hole 162 defined in the handle 11 and the slot 42. Thus, the first actuating end 41 is pivotable about the pin 45. An elastic element 43 is mounted in the slot 42 and attached between the pin 45 and an inner wall that defines the slot 42 to bias the manual actuating member 40 toward the adjusting screw 14.

Again, if a nut has been tightly clamped between the fixed jaw 12 and the movable jaw 13, the user may manually press the other end of the first actuating end 41 that is adjacent to the adjusting screw 14. Thus, upon movement of the first actuating end 41 along a path "C", the first actuating end 41 is moved from a position shown in Fig. 12 to a position shown in Fig. 14, while the status shown in Fig. 13 is a transition status. As a result, the adjusting wheel 14 is moved through a pre-determined angle (see the change of positions of points A and B) such that the movable jaw 13 is slightly moved away from the fixed jaw 12. As a result, the movable jaw 13 has a pre-determined clearance to the nut. The travel of the first actuating end 41 has been precisely designed to cause desired rotational movement of the adjusting screw 14 to thereby obtain an optimal clearance. As shown in Fig. 14, the first actuating end 41 is retained in place by the adjusting screw 14 after such fine adjustment. Thus, a reliable optimal clearance can be repeatedly obtained by the adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention. Such optimal clearance avoids damage to the faces or edges of the nut and allows easy disengagement of the adjustable spanner from the nut. In addition, the optimal clearance can be kept during use of the adjustable wrench. After use, the user may rotate the adjusting screw 14 in a reverse direction to release the retaining device to its initial status shown in Fig. 12 under the action of the elastic member 44.

Figs. 15 to 18 illustrate a fourth embodiment of the retaining device in accordance with the present invention, wherein like elements are designated by like reference numerals except for the optimal clearance retaining device. In this embodiment, the optimal clearance retaining device includes an elastic member 53, a manual actuating member 50, a supporting member 54, and a pin 55. The manual actuating member 50 includes a first actuating plate 51 and a second actuating plate 52. The first actuating plate 51 is substantially L-shaped and includes a first section end with a slot 514 defined in a distal hooked end 513 thereof. The first actuating plate 51 further includes a second section 511. The second actuating plate 52 is also substantially L-shaped and includes a first section with a distal end 523 extended through the slot 514 of the first actuating plate 51. The second actuating plate 52 further includes a second section 521 that is in close contact with the second section 511 of the first actuating plate 51. The pin 55 is extended through a slot 512 in the first actuating plate 51, a slot 522 in the second actuating plate 52, the elastic member 53, and a holed boss 542 on the supporting plate 54, best shown in Fig. 16. Thus, the distal ends 513 and 523 of the first and second actuating plates 51 and 52 are pivotable about the pin 55. The supporting member 54 includes a vertical wall 541 that retains the second sections 511 and 521.

Again, if a nut has been tightly clamped between the fixed jaw 12 and the movable jaw 13, the user may manually press the other end of the first actuating end 41 that is adjacent to the adjusting screw 14. Thus, upon movement of the first actuating plate 51 along a path "C", the distal end 523 of the second actuating plate 52 is moved from a position shown in Fig. 16 to a position shown in Fig. 18, while the status shown in Fig. 17 is a transition status. As a result, the adjusting wheel 14 is moved through a pre-determined angle (see the change of positions of points A and B) such that the movable jaw 13 is moved away from the fixed jaw 12. As a result, the movable jaw 13 has a pre-determined clearance to the nut. The travel of the distal end 523 of the second actuating plate 52 has been precisely designed to cause desired rotational movement of the adjusting screw 14 to thereby obtain an optimal clearance. As shown in Fig. 18, the distal end 523 of the second actuating plate 52 is retained in place by the adjusting screw 14 after such fine adjustment. Thus, a reliable optimal clearance can be repeatedly obtained by the adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention. Such optimal clearance avoids damage to the faces or edges of the nut and allows easy disengagement of the adjustable spanner from the nut. In addition, the optimal clearance can be kept during use of the adjustable wrench. After use, the user may rotate the adjusting screw 14 in a reverse direction to release the retaining device to its initial status shown in Fig. 16 under the action of the elastic member 53.

Figs. 19 to 22 illustrate a fifth embodiment of the retaining device in accordance with the present invention, wherein like elements are designated by like reference numerals except for the optimal clearance retaining device. In this embodiment, the optimal clearance retaining device includes an elastic member 60 and a pin 66. The elastic member 60 includes a first actuating section 61, a second section 63 that rests on the bottom wall which defines the chamber 16, and a connecting section 67 interconnecting the first section 61 and the second section 63. The first actuating section 61 includes a first actuating end 62 and a second end with a slot 65 defined therein. The pin 66 is extended through the slot 65 in the first actuating section 61, a slot 64 in the second section, and a hole 161 in the bottom wall that defines the chamber 16. Thus, the first actuating end 62 is pivotable about the pin 66.

Again, if a nut has been tightly clamped between the fixed jaw 12 and the movable jaw 13, the user may manually press the first actuating end 62 that is adjacent to the adjusting screw 14. Thus, upon movement of the first actuating end 62 along a path "C", the first actuating end 62 is moved from a position shown in Fig. 20 to a position shown in Fig. 22, while the status shown in Fig. 21 is a transition status. As a result, the adjusting wheel 14 is moved through a pre-determined angle (see the change of positions of points A and B) such that the movable jaw 13 is slightly moved away from the fixed jaw 12. As a result, the movable jaw 13 has a pre-determined clearance to the nut. The travel of the first actuating end 62 has been precisely designed to cause desired rotational movement of the adjusting screw 14 to thereby obtain an optimal clearance. As shown in Fig. 22, the first actuating end 62 is retained in place by the adjusting screw 14 after such fine adjustment. Thus, a reliable optimal clearance can be repeatedly obtained by the adjustable wrench in accordance with the present invention. Such optimal clearance avoids damage to the faces or edges of the nut and allows easy disengagement of the adjustable spanner from the nut. In addition, the optimal clearance can be kept during use of the adjustable wrench. After use, the user may rotate the adjusting screw 14 in a reverse direction to release the retaining device to its initial status shown in Fig. 22 under the action of the elastic member 60.

It is appreciated that each of the actuating ends of the optimal clearance retaining devices in all embodiments is retained in a free position that does not engage with the adjusting screw 14 to prevent from interfering with operation of the adjusting wheel 14 before fine adjustment.

According to the above description, it is appreciated that the adjustable wrenches in accordance with the present invention allow easy, rapid fine adjustment to obtain an optimal clearance for operation, and such fine adjustment can be easily accomplished by a layman. In addition, damage to nuts or the like operated by the adjustable wrench is prevented. Furthermore, the optimal clearance can be repeatedly obtained and reliably retained while allowing easy disengagement of the nuts and the adjustable wrench.

Although the invention has been explained in relation to its preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that many other possible modifications and variations can be made without departing from the scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel (100), umfassend:
    • einen Griff (11);
    • einen Kopf (10), welcher mit dem Griff (11) verbunden ist, umfassend einen festen Backen (12), welcher daran ausgebildet ist, und einen beweglichen Backen (13), welcher daran angebracht ist;
    • eine Einstellschraube (14), welche drehbar in einem Stegbereich zwischen dem Griff (11) und dem Kopf (10) angebracht ist, um den beweglichen Backen (13) bei einer Drehbewegung der Einstellschraube (14) gegen den festen Backen (12) zu bewegen; und
    • eine Feststellvorrichtung (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) für ein Spiel, welche ein Ende (22; 32; 41; 523; 62) aufweist, welches sich lösbar in Eingriff mit der Einstellschraube (14) befindet und zwischen einer ersten freien Position und einer zweiten Feststellposition beweglich ist;
       wobei sich die Feststellvorrichtung (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) für ein Spiel normalerweise in der ersten freien Position nicht in Eingriff mit der Einstellschraube (14) befindet, und wenn die Feststellvorrichtung (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) für ein Spiel zu der zweiten Feststellposition bewegt wird, die Einstellschraube (14) um einen vorbestimmten Winkel gedreht wird, so daß der bewegliche Backen (13) geringfügig um eine vorbestimmte Entfernung von dem festen Backen (12) fort bewegt wird und die Feststellvorrichtung (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) für ein Spiel durch die Einstellschraube (14) in der zweiten Feststellposition festgestellt wird.
  2. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Stegbereich eine Kammer (16) umfaßt, welche darin definiert ist, um die Feststellvorrichtung (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) für ein Spiel aufzunehmen.
  3. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Feststellvorrichtung (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) für ein Spiel ein Betätigungselement (20, 30) umfaßt, welches einen ersten Abschnitt (22, 32) mit einem ersten Ende zum lösbaren Eingriff mit der Einstellschraube (14) und einem zweiten Ende (21, 31) aufweist, wobei das Betätigungselement (20, 30) ferner einen zweiten Abschnitt (21, 31) umfaßt, welcher ein erstes Ende, welches mit dem zweiten Ende des Betätigungselements (20, 30) verbunden ist, und ein zweites Ende, welches fest an dem Stegbereich befestigt ist, aufweist.
  4. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 3, ferner umfassend einen Stift (25, 35), welcher durch das zweite Ende des ersten Abschnitts (22, 32) des Betätigungselements (20, 30) verläuft, um eine Schwenkbewegung des ersten Endes (22, 32) des Betätigungselements relativ zu dem Stift (25, 35) zu ermöglichen.
  5. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 3, ferner umfassend eine elastisches Element (24, 34) zum Vorspannen des ersten Endes des ersten Abschnitts (22, 32) des Betätigungselements (20, 30) zu der ersten freien Position.
  6. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 5, wobei das elastische Element (24, 34) einen ersten Abschnitt, welcher fest in dem Stegbereich aufgenommen ist, und einen zweiten Abschnitt, welcher nach oben verläuft, umfaßt, um das erste Ende des ersten Abschnitts (22, 32) des Betätigungselements (20, 30) zu der ersten freien Position vorzuspannen.
  7. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Feststellvorrichtung (40, 44, 45) für ein Spiel ein Betätigungselement (40), welches ein erstes Ende (41) zum lösbaren Eingriff mit der Einstellschraube (14) und ein zweites Ende mit einem Schlitz (42), welcher darin definiert ist, aufweist, und einen Stift (45), welcher durch den Schlitz (42) in dem zweiten Ende des Betätigungselements (40) verläuft, umfaßt, um eine Schwenkbewegung des ersten Endes (41) des Betätigungselements (40) relativ zu dem Stift (45) zu ermöglichen.
  8. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend ein elastisches Element (43), welches in dem Schlitz (42) des Betätigungselements (40) angebracht ist, um das erste Ende (41) des Betätigungselements (40) zu der Einstellschraube (14) vorzuspannen.
  9. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend ein elastisches Element (44) zum Vorspannen des ersten Endes (41) des Betätigungselements (40) zu der ersten freien Position.
  10. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 9, wobei das elastische Element (44) einen ersten Abschnitt (442), welcher fest in dem Stegbereich aufgenommen ist, und einen zweiten Abschnitt (441), welcher nach oben verläuft, umfaßt, um das erste Ende (41) des Betätigungselements (40) zu der ersten freien Position vorzuspannen.
  11. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Feststellvorrichtung (50, 53, 54, 55) für ein Spiel ein Halteelement (54), welches in dem Stegbereich angebracht ist, ein Betätigungselement (50), ein elastisches Element (53) und einen Stift (55) umfaßt, wobei das Betätigungselement (50) eine erste Betätigungsplatte (51) und eine zweite Betätigungsplatte (52) umfaßt, wobei die erste Betätigungsplatte (51) einen ersten Abschnitt (513) mit einem Schlitz (514), welcher in einem distalen Ende davon definiert ist, und einen zweiten Abschnitt (511) umfaßt, die zweite Betätigungsplatte (52) einen ersten Abschnitt (523) mit einem distalen Ende, welches durch den Schlitz (514) in der ersten Betätigungsplatte (51) verläuft, und einen zweiten Abschnitt (521) in anliegender Berührung mit dem zweiten Abschnitt (511) der ersten Betätigungsplatte (51) umfaßt, wobei sich das distale Ende des ersten Abschnitts (523) der zweiten Betätigungsplatte (52) lösbar in Eingriff mit der Einstellschraube (14) befindet, das elastische Element (53) das distale Ende (523) der zweiten Betätigungsplatte (52) zu der ersten freien Position vorspannt, der Stift (55) durch den ersten Abschnitt (513) der ersten Betätigungsplatte (51), den ersten Abschnitt (523) der zweiten Betätigungsplatte (52), das elastische Element (53) und das Halteelement (54) verläuft, wodurch ein Schwenken des distalen Endes des ersten Abschnitts (513) der ersten Betätigungsplatte (51) und des distalen Endes des ersten Abschnitts (523) der zweiten Betätigungsplatte (52) relativ zu dem Stift (55) ermöglicht wird.
  12. Einstellbarer Schraubschlüssel nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Feststellvorrichtung (60,66) ein elastisches Element (60) ist, welches einen ersten Abschnitt (63), welcher fest in dem Stegbereich aufgenommen ist, und einen zweiten Abschnitt (61), welcher ein erstes Betätigungsende (62), welches sich lösbar in Eingriff mit der Einstellschraube (14) befindet, und ein zweites Ende aufweist, und ferner umfassend einen Stift (66), welcher durch das zweite Ende des zweiten Abschnitts (61) des elastischen Elements (60) verläuft, um ein Schwenken des ersten Betätigungsendes (62) relativ zu dem Stift (66) zu ermöglichen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. An adjustable wrench (100) comprising:
    • a handle (11);
    • a head (10) connected to the handle (11) and including a fixed jaw (12) formed thereon and a movable jaw (13) mounted thereon;
    • an adjusting screw (14) rotatably mounted in a web area between the handle (11) and the head (10) for moving the movable jaw (13) relative to the fixed jaw (12) upon rotational movement of the adjusting screw (14); and
    • a clearance retaining device (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) having an end (22; 32; 41; 523; 62) releasably engaged with the adjusting screw (14) and movable between a first free position and a second retained position;
       wherein the clearance retaining device (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) is normally in the first free position not engaged with the adjusting screw (14) and when the clearance retaining device (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) is moved to the second retained position, the adjusting screw (14) is rotated through a pre-determined angle such that the movable jaw (13) is slightly moved away from the fixed jaw (12) for a pre-determined distance, and the clearance retaining device (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) is retained in the second retained position by the adjusting screw (14).
  2. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 1, wherein the web area includes a chamber (16) defined therein for receiving the clearance retaining device (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66).
  3. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clearance retaining device 20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35 includes an actuating member (20, 30) having a first section (22, 32) with a first end for releasably engaging with the adjusting screw (14) and a second end (21, 31), the actuating member (20, 30) further including a second section (21, 31) having a first end connected to the second end of the actuating member (20, 30) and a second end securely attached to the web area.
  4. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 3, further comprising a pin (25; 35) extended through the second end of the first section (22, 32) of the actuating member (20, 30) to allow pivotal movement of the first end (22, 32) of the actuating member relative to the pin (25, 35).
  5. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 3, further comprising an elastic member (24, 34) for biasing the first end of the first section (22, 32) of the actuating member (20, 30) to the first free position.
  6. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 5, wherein the elastic member (24, 34) includes a first section securely received in the web area and a second section that extends upwardly for biasing the first end of the first section (22, 32) of the actuating member (20, 30) to the first free position.
  7. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clearance retaining device (40, 44, 45) includes an actuating member (40) having a first end (41) for releasably engaging with the adjusting screw (14) and a second end with a slot (42) defined therein, and a pin (45) being extended through the slot (42) in the second end of the actuating member (40) to allow pivotal movement of the first end (41) of the actuating member (40) relative to the pin (45).
  8. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 7, further comprising an elastic element (43) mounted in the slot (42) of the actuating member (40) for biasing the first end (41) of the actuating member (40) toward the adjusting screw (14).
  9. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 7, further comprising an elastic member (44) for biasing the first end (41) of the actuating member (40) to the first free position.
  10. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 9, wherein the elastic member (44) includes a first section (442) securely received in the web area and a second section (441) that extends upwardly for biasing the first end (41) of the actuating member (40) to the first free position.
  11. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clearance retaining device (50, 53, 54, 55) includes a supporting member (54) mounted in the web area, an actuating member (50), an elastic member (53), and a pin (55), the actuating member (50) including a first actuating plate (51) and a second actuating plat (52), the first actuating plate (51) including a first section (513) with a slot (514) defined in a distal end thereof and a second section (511), the second actuating plate (52) induding a first section (523) with a distal end extended through the slot (514) in the first actuating plate (51) and a second section (521) in close contact with the second section (511) of the first actuating plate (51), the distal end of the first section (523) of the second actuating plate (52) being releasably engaged with the adjusting screw (14), the elastic member (53) biasing the distal end (523) of the second actuating plate (52) to the first free position, the pin (55) being extended through the first section (513) of the first actuating plate (51), the first section (523) of the second actuating plate (52), the elastic member (53), and the supporting member (54), thereby allowing the distal end of the first section (513) of the first actuating plate (51) and the distal end of the first section (523) of the second actuating plate (52) to pivot relative to the pin (55).
  12. The adjustable wrench as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clearance retaining device (60, 66) is an elastic member (60) that includes a first section (63) securely received in the web area and a second section (61) having a first actuating end (62) releasably engaged with the adjusting screw (14) and a second end, and further comprising a pin (66) extended through the second end of the second section (61) of the elastic member (60) to allow the first actuating end (62) to pivot relative to the pin (66).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Clé à molette (100) comprenant :
    • un manche (11);
    • une tête (10) connectée au manche (11) et comportant un mors fixe (12) formé dessus et un mors mobile (13) monté dessus;
    • une vis de réglage (14) montée à rotation dans une nervure comprise entre le manche (11) et la tête (10) pour déplacer le mors mobile (13) par rapport au mors fixe (12) lors du mouvement de rotation de la vis de réglage (14); et
    • un dispositif de maintien de jeu (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) ayant une extrémité (22; 32; 41; 523; 62) coopérant de manière détachable avec la vis de réglage (14) et mobile entre une première position libre et une seconde position maintenue;
       dans laquelle le dispositif de maintien de jeu (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) normalement, dans la première position libre, ne coopère pas avec la vis de réglage (14) et lorsque l'on déplace le dispositif de maintien de jeu (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) jusqu'à la seconde position maintenue, la vis de réglage (14) tourne sur un angle prédéterminé de sorte que le mors mobile (13) est légèrement éloigné du mors fixe (12) sur une distance prédéterminée, et le dispositif de maintien de jeu (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66) est maintenu dans la seconde position par la vis de réglage (14).
  2. Clé à molette selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la nervure comporte une chambre (16) qui y est définie pour recevoir le dispositif de maintien de jeu (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35; 40, 44, 45; 50, 53, 54, 55; 60, 66).
  3. Clé à molette selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le dispositif de maintien de jeu (20, 24, 25; 30, 34, 35) comporte un élément d'actionnement (20, 30) ayant une première section (22, 32) avec une première extrémité pour coopérer de manière détachable avec la vis de réglage (14) et une seconde extrémité (21, 31), l'élément d'actionnement (20, 30) comportant en outre une seconde section ayant une première extrémité connectée à la seconde extrémité de l'élément d'actionnement (20, 30) et une seconde extrémité attachée de manière sûre à la nervure.
  4. Clé à molette selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre un axe (25, 35) s'étendant à travers la seconde extrémité de la première section (22, 32) de l'élément d'actionnement (20, 30) pour permettre le mouvement de pivotement de la première extrémité (22, 32) de l'élément d'actionnement par rapport à l'axe (25, 35).
  5. Clé à molette selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre un élément élastique (24, 34) servant à solliciter la première extrémité de la première section (22, 32) de l'élément d'actionnement (20, 30) vers la première position libre.
  6. Clé à molette selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle l'élément élastique (24, 34) comporte une première section reçue de manière fixée dans la nervure et une seconde section qui s'étend vers le haut pour solliciter la première extrémité de la première section (22, 32) de l'élément d'actionnement (20, 30) vers la première position libre.
  7. Clé à molette selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le dispositif de maintien de jeu (40, 44, 45) comporte un élément d'actionnement (40) ayant une première extrémité (41) pour coopérer de manière détachable avec la vis de réglage (14) et une seconde extrémité avec une fente (42) définie dedans, et un axe (45) s'étendant à travers la fente (42) dans la seconde extrémité de l'élément d'actionnement (40) pour permettre le mouvement de pivotement de la première extrémité (41) de l'élément d'actionnement (40) par rapport à l'axe (45).
  8. Clé à molette selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre un élément élastique (43) monté dans la fente (42) de l'élément d'actionnement (40) pour solliciter la première extrémité (41) de l'élément d'actionnement (40) vers la vis de réglage (14).
  9. Clé à molette selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre un élément élastique (44) pour solliciter la première extrémité (41) de l'élément d'actionnement (40) vers la première position libre.
  10. Clé à molette selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle l'élément élastique (44) comporte une première section (442) reçue de manière fixée dans la nervure et une seconde section (441) qui s'étend vers le haut pour solliciter la première extrémité (41) de l'élément d'actionnement (40) vers la première position libre.
  11. Clé à molette selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le dispositif de maintien de jeu (50, 53, 54, 55) comporte un élément de support (54) monté dans la nervure, un élément d'actionnement (50), un élément élastique (53), et un axe (55), l'élément d'actionnement (50) comportant une première plaquette d'actionnement (51) et une seconde plaquette d'actionnement (52), la première plaquette d'actionnement (51) comportant une première section (513) avec une fente (514) définie dans une extrémité distale de celle-ci et une seconde section (511), la seconde plaquette d'actionnement (52) comportant une première section (523) avec une extrémité distale qui s'étend à travers la fente (514) dans la première plaquette d'actionnement (51) et une seconde section (521) en contact étroit avec la seconde section (511) de la première plaquette d'actionnement (51), l'extrémité distale de la première section (523) de la seconde plaquette d'actionnement (52) coopérant de manière détachable avec la vis de réglage (14), l'élément élastique (53) sollicitant l'extrémité distale (523) de la seconde plaquette d'actionnement (52) vers la première position libre, l'axe (55) s'étendant à travers la première section (513) de la première plaquette d'actionnement (51), la première section (523) de la seconde plaquette d'actionnement (52), l'élément élastique (53), et l'élément de support (54), permettant de ce fait à l'extrémité distale de la première section (513) de la première plaquette d'actionnement (51) et à l'extrémité distale de la première section (523) de la seconde plaquette d'actionnement (52) de pivoter par rapport à l'axe (55).
  12. Clé à molette selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le dispositif de maintien de jeu (60, 66) est un élément élastique (60) qui comporte une première section (63) reçue de manière fixée dans la nervure et une seconde section (61) ayant une première extrémité d'actionnement (62) coopérant de manière détachable avec la vis de réglage (14) et une seconde extrémité, et comprenant en outre un axe (66) s'étendant à travers la seconde extrémité de la seconde section (61) de l'élément élastique (60) pour permettre à la première extrémité d'actionnement (62) de pivoter par rapport à l'axe (66).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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