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SCHUTZ VON NUTZPFLANZEN GEGEN VOGEL UNTER VERWENDUNG EINER VERBINDUNG DES PHENYLPYRAZOLTYPS - Dokument EP0821552
 
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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0821552 14.08.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0821552
Titel SCHUTZ VON NUTZPFLANZEN GEGEN VOGEL UNTER VERWENDUNG EINER VERBINDUNG DES PHENYLPYRAZOLTYPS
Anmelder Aventis CropScience S.A., Lyon, FR
Erfinder DORONTIC, Sinisa, 41000 Zagreb, HR
Vertreter Beetz & Partner, 80538 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69622272
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 18.04.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 969120203
WO-Anmeldetag 18.04.1996
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/EP96/01625
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0009632842
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 24.10.1996
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 04.02.1998
EP date of grant 10.07.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 14.08.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 47/02
IPC-Nebenklasse A01N 43/56   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a new use for repelling birds and to a new use for protecting crops against birds.

Each year during winter, birds cause considerable damage to cereal sowings by attacking either the grain itself, which, being still only lightly buried, can easily be unearthed by birds, or the young plantlet, as soon as the latter emerges from the ground. The birds which cause damage are in particular the Corvidae (crows and others), the Sturnidae (starlings and others), the passerines, the Galliformes (in particular pheasants and partridges) and the Columbiformes (in particular pigeons and turtledoves).

The effect of this damage on the future harvest is reflected by very large falls in yield.

For a long time, farmers have only had means of their own device for controlling birds (scarecrow, firecrackers and the like).

The protection of crops against birds remains a permanent problem. Legislation for protecting the environment is becoming increasingly strict and, in particular, it increasingly protects birds, harmful or otherwise. Designating certain species as harmful animals makes it allowable to destroy them, under less draconian regulations, but it is increasingly difficult legally to designate birds as harmful animals which they are in reality and in practice.

It is therefore desirable to have available bird-repellent agents. It is also desirable to have available new bird-repellent agents in order for the birds not to become used to the repellent agents and not to become insensitive to their presence.

The prediction of the repellent nature of such and such a product is all the more difficult since some products are attractive for some categories of animals and repellent for others, without there being a general rule to guide the choice in one direction or the other.

It is also desirable to have available bird-repellent agents which have a good persistence of action. Indeed, birds attack grains throughout the period ranging from sowing until the time when the young plantlet emerging from the seed reaches a certain stage of development.

At this point, the seed of a cereal is devoid of its nutrient substance and is therefore no longer capable of being of interest to a bird in search of food. A good repellent must therefore exert its effect for a period sufficient to enable the cereal to reach this stage of development.

It is also desirable to have available a repellent which has a low toxicity for game which has to be protected, it being possible for this toxicity to be low either in itself or as a result of the small size of the doses applied.

An object of the present invention is to provide a new use for the protection of crops against birds.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a particular use for the protection of crops against birds which has none or few of the disadvantages of known repellents and which corresponds, in all or part, to the quality objectives required for an ideal repellent.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a particular use for the protection of crops against harmful birds and against harmful insects simultaneously.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a new use for repelling birds.

Another object of the present invention is to provide new compositions which are repellent with respect to birds.

It has now been found that these aims could be achieved by virtue of compositions comprising, as bird-repellent active material, 1-phenylpyrazoles and preferably 1-phenylpyrazoles of general formula (I).

The 1-phenylpyrazoles capable of being employed in the invention are therefore advantageously products of formula (I) :

in which:
  • R1 is CN or methyl;
  • R2 is S(O)nR3;
  • R3 is alkyl or haloalkyl;
  • R4 represents a hydrogen or halogen atom or an NR5R6, S(O)nR7, C(O)R7 or C(O)O-R7, alkyl, haloalkyl or OR8 radical or an -N=C(R9)(R10) radical;
  • R5 and R6 independently represent the hydrogen atom or an alkyl, haloalkyl, C(O)alkyl or S(O)rCF3 radical; or R5 and R6 can together form a divalent alkylene radical which can be interrupted by one or two divalent heteroatoms, such as oxygen or sulphur;
  • R7 represents an alkyl or haloalkyl radical;
  • R8 represents an alkyl or haloalkyl radical or a hydrogen atom;
  • R9 represents an alkyl radical or a hydrogen atom;
  • R10 represents a phenyl or heteroaryl group which is optionally substituted by one or a number of halogen atoms or groups such as OH, -O-alkyl, -S-alkyl, cyano or alkyl;
  • R11 and R12 represent, independently of one another, a hydrogen or halogen atom;
  • R13 represents a halogen atom or a haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, S(O)qCF3 or SF5 group;
  • m, n, q, and r represent, independently of one another, an integer equal to 0, 1 or 2;
  • X represents a trivalent nitrogen atom or a C-R12 radical, the other three valencies of the carbon atom forming part of the aromatic ring;
  • provided that, when R1 is methyl, then R3 is haloalkyl, R4 is NH2, R11 is Cl, R13 is CF3 and X is N.

A preferred class of compounds of formula (I) is composed of the compounds such that R1 is CN, and/or R3 is haloalkyl, and/or R4 is NH2, and/or R11 and R12 are, independently of one another, a halogen atom, and R13 is haloalkyl.

A compound of formula (I) which is very particularly preferred in the invention is 1- [2,6-Cl2-4-CF3phenyl]-3-CN-4-[SO-CF3]-5-NH2pyrazole,    hereinafter known as compound A.

The 1-arylpyrazoles of the present invention are effective for repelling with respect to birds of various natures such as those mentioned above.

Compounds of formula (I) can be prepared according to one or other of the processes described in Patent Applications WO 87/3781, 93/6089 or 94/21606 or European Patent Application 295,117, or any other process coming within the competence of the person skilled in the art who is a specialist in chemical synthesis.

Formulations which can be used in the invention are described in particular in these same Patent Applications. The formulations described in the prior art were prepared for an insecticidal purpose. The formulations or compositions for repelling birds may be similar or may be adapted in order to make them still more suitable for their repellent use, in particular by addition of appropriate adjuvants.

The formulations which are suitable for the new use according to the invention contain from 0.0001 to 95 % by weight of active material of formula (I). As regards the concentrated formulations for commercial use (for storage, sale or transportation), they advantageously contain from 0.1 to 15 % by weight of active material. The compositions as used by the applier are generally much more dilute compositions. In addition to this active material, the compositions according to the invention contain various solid or liquid vehicles, surfactants and other adjuvants of the most varied nature but which are environmentally acceptable.

The 1-arylpyrazoles employed in the invention can advantageously be formulated as fluid or liquid compositions, wettable powders or microemulsions. Such formulations generally comprise one or a number of solid or liquid inert vehicles or diluents which are agronomically acceptable.

Wettable powder or concentrated granule formulations can be prepared by milling a 1-arylpyrazole of formula (I) with approximately 1 % to 20 % by weight of solid anionic surfactant. A suitable anionic surfactant is the dioctyl ester of the sodium salt of sulfosuccinic acid. Approximately 85 % to 95 % by weight of inert diluent, such as montmorillonite, attapulgite, limestone, talc, kaolin, diatomaceous earth, pumice, silicates or other similar products, can be included in such formulations, as well as the other adjuvants indicated above.

In addition to the granules and wettable powders described above, use can be made of fluid formulations and in particular of formulations which are easily dispersable in water, in order to facilitate dispersion over the place of application, in particular in agriculture.

The pyrazoles which are used in the present invention have a low solubility but can be used at low doses. They can therefore be employed in solutions or emulsions or, preferably, in the form of aqueous or non-aqueous suspensions comprising the appropriate adjuvants and/or cosolvents. Acetone and methyl ether ketone can be used as cosolvents. Any liquid medium can be used, provided that it is neither toxic for plants nor for the environment. When the active material has little solubility, cosolvents and/or wetting or dispersing agents can be used. Other additives can also be employed, such as talc. Active materials of formula (I) can be absorbed onto vehicles, for example vermiculite, clay, talc, kaolin or others, in particular to form granules.

The 1-arylpyrazoles are also effective in protecting seeds, as well as plantlets or young seedlings or plants which are more advanced in maturity. The most varied crops can thus be protected, in particular wheat, maize, rice, barley, rye, beets and any plant which is sown or which passes through the plantlet stage.

The application of the 1-arylpyrazoles according to the invention is often carried out in the form of granules over the plants or over the soil of the crop which has to be protected. These applications in the form of granules are generally carried out so as to provide a dose of active material of approximately 0.01 kg/ha to approximately 1 kg/ha of active material and preferably between 0.02 and 0.3 kg/ha.

The 1-arylpyrazoles of the invention are also effective in protecting crops by application of the active material to the seed before sowing. The seed can be treated by coating or film coating or impregnation be treated by coating or film coating or impregnation or immersion in a liquid or a pasty formulation known per se, followed by drying. A seed treatment so that the seed contains 2 to 1000 g per quintal of seed, preferably 5 to 800 g/q, is particularly appropriate.

The invention thus further comprises a use for the protection of crops against birds, characterized in that an effective amount of compound of general formula (I) is applied to the said crop or to the cultivated region comprising the said crop. This application to the crop can be carried out by application of a composition comprising the active material to the cultivated ground before sowing or after sowing. According to an advantageous alternative form of the invention, the invention is employed by application of an effective amount of compound of formula (I) to the seed which has to be sown.

The invention thus further relates to the use of compounds of formula (I) as repellents with respect to birds.

The invention thus further relates to seeds intended to be sown in a region frequented or capable of being frequented by birds, characterized in that they are treated with an active material or a composition as defined above.

The invention thus further relates to compositions intended to be distributed over a region frequented or capable of being frequented by birds, characterized in that they comprise an active material as defined above.

The following examples, given without implied limitation, illustrate the invention and show how it can be employed.

Example 1

Maize seeds treated with an aqueous suspension of compound A so as to leave on the seeds an amount of active material of 625 g/quintal, which corresponds to 218 g/ha (35 kg of seeds per hectare).

The sowing is carried out in a field frequented by pheasants. The amount of seed remaining in the field after 3 days is measured and the result observed is expressed in the form of a percentage by number with respect to the amount of seed sown. 72 % of the seed remains, instead of 23 % for untreated controls.

Example 2

The procedure is the same as in Example 1, but with sunflower seeds. 96 % of the seeds remain, instead of 36 % for the untreated control.

Example 3

The procedure is the same as in Example 2, but with a field frequented by crows. 99 % of the seeds remain, instead of 45 % for the untreated control.

Example 4

The procedure is the same as in Example 1, but with a field frequented by crows. 96 % of the seeds remain, instead of 19 % for the untreated control.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verwendung einer wirksamen Menge einer Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) zum Schutz von Kulturpflanzen, die häufig von Vögeln aufgesucht werden oder aufgesucht werden können 1-[R2R1R3Phenyl]-3-CN-4-[S(O)nR4]-5-R5-pyrazol    worin

       R1 und R2 ein Wasserstoff- oder Halogenatom in der Position 2 oder 6 am Phenyl-Ring darstellen, wobei mindestens einer der Substituenten kein Wasserstoffatom ist;

       R3 ein Halogenatom oder eine Halogenalkyl- oder Halogenalkoxy- oder SF5-Gruppe in der Position 4 am Phenyl-Ring darstellt;

       R4 eine Alkyl- oder Halogenalkyl-Gruppe darstellt;

       R5 eine Amino-Gruppe darstellt, die gegebenenfalls durch eine Alkyl-, Halogenalkyl-, Acyl- oder Alkoxycarbonyl-Gruppe mono- oder disubstituiert ist;

       n 0, 1 oder 2 ist.
  2. Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Alkyl-Gruppen der Formel (I) niedere Alkyl-Reste sind.
  3. Verwendung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Verbindung der Formel (I) die Verbindung der Formel 1-[2,6-Cl2-4-CF3Phenyl]-3-CN-4-[SO-CF3]-5-NH2-pyrazol ist.
  4. Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß Saatkörner, die eine Verbindung der Formel (I) enthalten, auf Land gesät werden, das häufig von Vögeln aufgesucht wird oder aufgesucht werden kann.
  5. Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kulturpflanzen gegen Vögel geschützt werden, die unter den Corvidae (Krähen und andere), den Sturnidae (Stare und andere), den Passerines, den Galliformes (insbesondere Fasane und Rebhühner) oder den Columbiformes (insbesondere Tauben und Turteltauben) ausgewählt werden.
  6. Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Ausbringen auf die Kulturpflanzen durch Ausbringen einer Zusammensetzung, die das Wirkmaterial enthält, auf den kultivierten Grund nach dem Aussäen erfolgt.
  7. Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Ausbringen auf die Kulturpflanzen durch Ausbringen einer Zusammensetzung, die das Wirkmaterial enthält, auf den kultivierten Boden vor dem Aussäen erfolgt.
  8. Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Ausbringen auf die Kulturpflanzen durch Ausbringen einer Zusammensetzung, die das Wirkmaterial enthält, auf die Saat, der ausgesät werden soll, erfolgt.
  9. Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Ausbringen auf die Kulturpflanzen in einer Dosis des Wirkmaterials von etwa 0,01 kg/ha bis etwa 1 kg/ha Wirkmaterial und vorzugsweise zwischen 0,02 und 0,3 kg/ha erfolgt.
  10. Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Ausbringen auf die Kulturpflanzen durch Ausbringen des Wirkmaterials auf die Saat in einer Dosis von 2 bis 1000 g/Doppelzentner Saat und vorzugsweise 5 bis 800 g/dz erfolgt.
  11. Verwendung von Verbindungen mit der in Anspruch 1 angegebenen Formel als Abschreckmittel gegen Vögel.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Use for the protection of crops frequented or capable of being frequented by birds, of an effective amount of compound of general formula (I) 1-[R2R1R3phenyl]-3-CN-4-[S(O)nR4]-5-R5pyrazole    in which

       R1 and R2 represent a hydrogen or halogen atom in the 2 or 6 position on the phenyl ring, at least one of them being other than the hydrogen atom,

       R3 represents a halogen atom or a haloalkyl or haloalkoxy or SF5 group in the 4 position on the phenyl ring,

       R4 represents an alkyl or haloalkyl group,

       R5 represents an amino group which is optionally mono- or disubstituted by an alkyl, haloalkyl, acyl or alkoxycarbonyl group,

       n is 0, 1 or 2.
  2. Use according to Claim 1, characterized in that the alkyl groups of this formula (I) are lower alkyl radicals.
  3. Use according to Claim 1, characterized in that the compound of the formula (I) is the compound of formula 1-[2,6-Cl2-4-CF3phenyl]-3-CN-4-[SO-CF3]-5-NH2pyrazole.
  4. Use according to one of Claims 1 to 3, characterised in that seed grains containing a compound of formula (I) are sown on land frequented or capable of being frequented by birds.
  5. Use according to one of Claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the crop is protected against birds chosen from the group composed of the Corvidae (crows and others), the Sturnidae (starlings and others), the passerines, the Galliformes (in particular pheasants and partridges) or the Columbiformes (in particular pigeons and turtledoves).
  6. Use according to one of Claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the application to the crop is carried out by application of a composition comprising the active material to the cultivated ground after sowing.
  7. Use according to one of Claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the application to the crop is carried out by application of a composition comprising the active material to the cultivated ground before sowing.
  8. Use according to one of Claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the application to the crop is carried out by application of a composition comprising the active material to the seed which has to be sown.
  9. Use according to one of Claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the application to the crop is carried out at a dose of active material of approximately 0.01 kg/ha to approximately 1 kg/ha of active material and preferably between 0.02 and 0.3 kg/ha.
  10. Use according to one of Claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the application to the crop is carried out by application of the active material to the seed at a dose of 2 to 1000 g per quintal of seed and preferably 5 to 800 g/q.
  11. Use of compounds having the formula given in Claim 1, as repellent with respect to birds.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Utilisation, pour la protection des cultures fréquentées ou capables d'être fréquentées par des oiseaux, d'une quantité efficace d'un composé de formule générale (1) 1-(R2R1R3phényl)-3-CN-4-[S(O)nR4]-5-R5pyrazole    dans laquelle

       R1 et R2 représentent un atome d'halogène ou d'hydrogène en position 2 ou 6 sur le noyau phényle, au moins l'un d'entre eux étant autre que l'atome d'hydrogène,

       R3 représente un atome d'halogène ou un radical haloalkyle ou haloalkoxy ou SF5 en position 4 sur le noyau phényle,

       R4 représente un radical alkyle ou haloalkyle,

       R5 représente un radical amino éventuellement mono- ou disubstitué par un radical alkyle, haloalkyle, acyle ou alkoxycarbonyle,

       n représente 0, 1 ou 2.
  2. Utilisation selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que les radicaux alkyle de cette formule (1) sont des radicaux alkyle inférieurs.
  3. Utilisation selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que le composé de formule (I) est le composé de formule 1-(2,6-Cl2-4-CF3phényl)-3-CN-4-(SO-CF3)-5-NH2pyrazole.
  4. Utilisation selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisée en ce que les graines des semences contenant un composé de formule (1) sont semées sur un terrain fréquenté ou capable d'être fréquenté par des oiseaux.
  5. Utilisation selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisée en ce que la culture est protégée contre les oiseaux choisis dans le groupe composé des corvidés (corneilles et autres), des sturnidés (étourneaux et autres), des passereaux, des Galliformes (en particulier les faisans et les perdrix) et les colombiformes (en particulier les pigeons et les tourterelles).
  6. Utilisation selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée en ce que l'application à la culture est effectuée par application d'une composition comprenant la matière active, sur le sol cultivé, après les semis.
  7. Utilisation selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée en ce que l'application à la culture est effectuée par application d'une composition comprenant la matière active, sur le sol cultivé, avant les semis.
  8. Utilisation selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisée en ce que l'application à la culture est effectuée par application d'une composition comprenant la matière active sur la graine qui doit être semée.
  9. Utilisation selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, caractérisée en ce que l'application à la culture est effectuée à une dose de matière active d'environ 0,01 kg/ha à environ 1 kg/ha de matière active et de préférence entre 0,02 et 0,3 kg/ha.
  10. Utilisation selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, caractérisée en ce que l'application à la culture est effectuée par application de la matière active à la semence à une dose de 2 à 1000 g par quintal de graines et de préférence entre 5 et 800 g/q.
  11. Utilisation des composés possédant la formule donnée à la revendication 1, comme répulsifs des oiseaux.






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