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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0863196 29.08.2002
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0863196
Titel Verfahren zur Herstellung von Bitumen für den Strassenbau
Anmelder Agip Petroli S.p.A., Rom/Roma, IT
Erfinder Italia, Paolo, 20144 Milano, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69806659
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.03.1998
EP-Aktenzeichen 982006710
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 09.09.1998
EP date of grant 24.07.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.08.2002
IPC-Hauptklasse C10C 3/04

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of bitumens for road use, particularly with high performance characteristics.

There are three main characteristics which are required for a bitumen to used for road paving, i.e. good consistency when hot, excellent flexibility when cold, high resistance to oxidation.

The above characteristics are measured according to the following methods:

  • "Ring & Ball softening point" (Method ASTM D36) and "Dynamic Viscosity" (method CEN TC19 143) for evaluating the consistency when hot;
  • "Fraass Breakingpoint" (method IP 80) for the flexibility when cold;
  • "Accelerated Thin Layer Aging RTFOT" (method ASTM D2872) with subsequent evaluation of the "Penetration at 25°C" (method ASTM D5) and "Ring & Ball Softening Point" (method ASTM D36) characteristics, compared to those of the initial product.

With respect to bitumens for road use, the main specifications applied at present in Italy (CNR BU N.68) and the corresponding specifications which will be introduced in the near future on a European scale (doc. CEN TC19 SC1 WG1 N112) are shown in table 1. Method Unit CNR CEN Penetration at 25°C ASTM D5 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball ASTMD36 °C 44/49 43/51 Fraass Breakingpoint IP 80 °C ≤-10 ≤-10 Penetration at 25°C after T.L. ASTM D5 init % -- ≥46 Increase in Ring & Ball after T.L. ASTM D36 °C -- ≤9 Viscosity at 60°C CEN TC19 Pa.sec -- ≥90

At present, bitumens for road use can be obtained from fractions coming from different refinery processes such as distillation (atmospheric and vacuum), visbreaking and thermal cracking, reconstruction (for example with LUBE cycle aromatic components).

Regardless of the type of crude oil used, which may more or less influence the final characteristics of the bitumen, a particular bitumen derives from each of these processes, generally having the following particular aspects:

  • bitumens from distillation, having good consistency when hot, fair flexibility when cold and good resistance to oxidation;
  • bitumens from thermal cracking, having poor consistency when hot, good flexibility when cold and very poor resistance to oxidation;
  • bitumens from reconstruction, having fair consistency when hot, poor flexibility when cold and excellent resistance to oxidation.

Bitumens for road use from distillation, thermal cracking (visbreaking) and reconstruction, indicatively have the characteristics shown in table 2. Unit Dist. Visbr. Recon. Penetration at 25°C dmm 80/100 80/100 80/100 Ring & Ball °C 44/48 44/48 42/46 Fraass Breakingpoint °C -12/-16 -14/-18 -10/-14 Pen. at 25°C after T.L init % 50/60 35/45 60/70 Increase in Ring & °C 5/10 8/15 3/5 Ball after T.L. Viscosity at 60°C Pa.sec 100/200 70/120 110/150

For example, US-A-3,440,074 discloses a process for the preparation of bitumens for road use, comprising the oxidation of a composition consisting of a bituminous component (I) and an aromatic component (II), the bituminous component (I) being a vacuum residue from Middle East crude petroleums.

As can be seen, generally refinery processes do not always enable the production of a bitumen having all excellent characteristics from the point of view of performance.

As a result the necessity is even more strongly felt for having bitumens for road use which satisfy all the requisites established by present specifications and those to be applied in the near future.

A process has now been found which overcomes the above disadvantages as it allows the production of bitumens for road use with excellent characteristics.

In accordance with this, the present invention relates to a process for the preparation of bitumens for road use, characterized in that it comprises the oxidation of a composition consisting of:

  • (a) a bituminous component (I) having a content of asphaltenes of between 10 and 50%, preferably from 20 to 40% by weight, a content of aromatics of between 10 and 50% by weight, preferably from 15 to 35%, and a penetration at 25°C of from 1 to 50 dmm, preferably from 15 to 45 dmm, and
  • (b) an aromatic component (II) essentially without asphaltenes and having a content of aromatics of from 80 to 95%, preferably from 82 to 93%, and a viscosity at 60°C of from 100 to 1000 cSt, preferably from 150 to 800 cSt;
the weight ratio between the aromatic component (II) and the bituminous component (I) being from 10:90 to 50:50, preferably from 15:85 to 45:55, even more preferably from 20:80 to 40:60.

In the preferred embodiment the oxidation takes place at a temperature of between 150°C and 270°C, more preferably from 160°C to 250°C, even more preferably from 170°C to 190°C.

Lower temperature would in fact cause an excessive duration of the process, which is unacceptable from an industrial point of view. Higher temperatures would cause a degradation of the bitumen and would be dangerous for the running of the plant.

The above oxidation is carried out with oxygen diluted with an inert gas, preferably with air.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the oxidation is carried out on compositions of (I) and (II) previously prepared. According to another embodiment, the oxidation is carried out contemporaneously with the mixing of the two components (I) and (II).

In other words, it is possible to operate by initially mixing the two components, and subsequently proceeding with the oxidation of the mixture thus prepared. Alternatively the oxidation can be carried out during the mixing of the two components.

A typical example of bituminous component (I) is the vacuum residue obtained by distillation at reduced pressure of the effluent of the visbreaking plant.

Table A shows the characteristics of some of these samples (which for the sake of simplicity we shall call RVB) coming from different processings of visbreaking plants. RVB1 RVB2 RVB3 Penetration 25°C (dmm) 37 24 42 Ring & Ball (°C) 57 65 52.5 Content asphaltenes (w %) 25.8 36.2 30 Content satur.prod. (w %) 6.5 5.3 3.7 Content resins (w %) 35.5 42 38.3 Content aromatics (w %) 32.2 16.5 28

A typical example of aromatic compound (II) is the aromatic fraction, extracted by a solvent extraction process, of the vacuum distillate or deasphalted vacuum residue, in an operating cycle for the production of lubricating bases. These fractions shall hereafter be abbreviated with the initials CA. Table B shows the characteristics of some of these fractions.

The above table B also indicates the characteristics of some samples of vacuum gas oils obtained by vacuum distillation of the effluent of a visbreaking plant. These samples (called GVB) cannot be used in the process of the present invention as they do not have the required characteristics of the bituminous component (I) or the aromatic component (II). They are specified here because they shall be used further on in the comparative examples. GVB 1-3 CA 1-2 Viscosity at 60°C (cSt) 34.5-31.9-36.4 305-257 Asphaltenes (w %) 0-0-0 0-0 Saturated products (w %) 48.5-41.8-50.6 2.7-0.9 Resins (w %) 14.5-7.3-8.3 12.2-12.5 Aromatics (w %) 37.0-50.9-41.1 85.1-86.6

With respect to the optimum ratio between bituminous component (I) and aromatic component (II), this depends on the characteristics of the two components and of the bitumen to be obtained. In any case it must be within the range indicated above.

The duration of the process of the present invention depends on the various parameters, for example temperature, stirring rate, viscosity of the components. The duration is usually from a few tens of minutes to several hours.

The process of the present invention allows the production of a road bitumen capable of satisfying the specifications indicated above which will be shortly introduced in Europe. In particular, the bitumen for road use obtained with the process of the present invention has a good consistency when hot, an excellent flexibility when cold and a high resistance to oxidation.

The following examples are provided for a better understanding of the present invention.

EXAMPLES COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1

According to what is normally carried out in a refinery, in this example a road visbreaking bitumen is prepared, by simple mixing (consequently without oxidation) of RVB1 and GVB1.

The mixing is carried out at 130/150°C by stirring for 20/30 minutes with a slanting blade stirrer at a rate of about 400 revs/minute.

The characteristics of these fractions (RVB1 and GVB1) have been specified above.

The bitumen (which we shall call 1C) has the properties indicated in table 1C, which also give the CNR and CEN specification values. Specifications RVB1 content 90% w CNR CEN GVB1 content 10% w Penetration at 25°C 90 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 47°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -18°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 41% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 14.5°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 80 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be seen, this bitumen proves to have a poor consistency when hot (viscosity value outside the limit) and a low resistance to oxidation (the values after the thin layer accelerated aging test are outside the limit).

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 2

According to the procedure of example 1, a road bitumen is prepared by the simple mixing of the bituminous component RVB1 and the aromatic component CA1. The bitumen (which we shall call 2C) has the properties indicated in table 2C, which also indicates the CNR and CEN specification values. Specifications RVB1 content 88.5% CNR CEN CA1 content 11.5% Penetration at 25°C 88 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 48°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -17°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 45% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball 11°C -- ≤9°C after T.L. Viscosity at 60°C 69 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be seen, the bitumen 2C, although indicating (with respect to the bitumen 1C) a good improvement in the characteristics after the thin layer accelerated aging test, is still outside the specification values, particularly with respect to the high temperature characteristics (viscosity at 60°C).

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 2 bis

Again according to the procedure of example 1 and starting from RVB1 and CA1, the percentage of aromatic component is increased in an attempt to further improve the characteristics of the end-product.

For this purpose a bitumen consisting of 60% by weight of RVB1 and 40% by weight of CA1 is prepared.

The bitumen thus obtained has a penetration at 25°C of about 800 dmm, against a CNR specification of 80/100 and CEN specification of 70/100. The bitumen thus obtained is therefore clearly outside the regulation values as an initial penetration value.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 3

This example describes the preparation of a road bitumen obtained by the mixing of two components from visbreaking (RVB1 and GVB1) and subsequent blowing with air at 250°C.

The two components are mixed in a metal container heated to 130/150°C by stirring for 20/30 minutes with a blade stirrer (about 600 revs/minute). During this period the temperature is increased to about 250°C. Air is blown into the mixture thus heated and stirred at a flow-rate of about 90 litres/hour per kg of mixture.

The characteristics of this bitumen (which we shall call 3C) are shown in table 3C. Specifications RVB1 content 81.0% CNR CEN GVB1 content 19.0% Penetration at 25°C 89 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 48.5°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -25°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 46% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 15.5°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 77 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be seen, the bitumen 3C is still outside the specification values with respect to resistance to oxidation (in particular the value of increase in Ring & Ball after the thin layer accelerated aging test), and as consistency at high temperature (viscosity value).

EXAMPLE 4

According to the process of the present invention, a road bitumen is prepared by the air blowing of a composition consisting of a component from visbreaking (RVB1) and an aromatic component (CA1). The two components are mixed in a metal container heated to 130/150°C by stirring for 20/30 minutes with a blade stirrer (about 600 revs/minute). During this period the temperature is increased to about 250°C. Air is blown into the mixture thus heated and stirred at a flow-rate of about 90 litres/hour per kg of mixture.

The characteristics of this bitumen called bitumen 4, are shown in table 4. Specifications RVB1 content 60.0% CNR CEN CA1 content 40.0% Penetration at 25°C 90 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 47°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -23°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 56% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 8°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 121 Pa.sec -- ≥90

Unlike the previous comparative bitumens, the bitumen of example 4 is perfectly in accordance with all the specifications, with distinctly improved overall characteristics compared to the comparative bitumens described above.

In fact bitumen 4, prepared according to the process of the present invention, has a good consistency when hot, an excellent flexibility when cold and a high resistance to oxidation.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 5

The formulation is provided of a road bitumen from visbreaking obtained by the simple mixing of two components from visbreaking (RVB2 and GVB2), in accordance with the normal refinery procedure. The process is the same as that previously described in example 1.

The properties of the bitumen thus obtained are indicated in table 5C. Specifications RVB1 content 86.0% CNR CEN GVB1 content 14.0% Penetration at 25°C 90 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 48°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -19°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 42% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 21.5°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 108 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be seen, the bitumen has a very poor resistance to oxidation with values after the thin layer accelerated aging test which are clearly outside the regulation values.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 6

According to the procedure described in example 1, a road bitumen is prepared by the simple mixing of a component from visbreaking (RVB2) and an aromatic component (CA1).

The properties of the bitumen thus obtained are indicated in table 6C. Specifications RVB2 content 85.0% CNR CEN CA1 content 15.0% Penetration at 25°C 89 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 48°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -17°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 43% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 13°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 93 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be seen, the bitumen obtained, although showing a clear improvement in the characteristics after the thin layer accelerated aging test, is still outside the regulation values.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 6bis

In this example the quantity of aromatic component is increased, in an attempt to further improve the characteristics of the end-product. A composition of bitumen is prepared starting from the same components as comparative example 6, but in a different ratio.

For this purpose, a bitumen is prepared, according to the procedure described in example 1, consisting of 60% by weight of RVB2 and 40% by weight of CA1. The bitumen thus obtained has a penetration at 25°C of about 700 dmm, against a CNR specification of 80/100 and CEN specification of 70/100. This bitumen is therefore clearly outside the regulation value as initial penetration value.

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 7

This example describes the formulation of a road bitumen from visbreaking obtained by the mixing of two components from visbreaking (RVB2 and GVB2), with subsequent blowing with air at 250°C, according to the procedure of example 4.

The properties of the bitumen 7C thus prepared are indicated in table 7C. Specifications RVB2 content 78% CNR CEN GVB2 content 22% Penetration at 25°C 88 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 52°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -26°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 47% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 21.5°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 131 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be seen, the bitumen still has a very poor resistance to oxidation (in particular as an increase in the Ring & Ball softening point value after the thin layer accelerated aging test)

EXAMPLE 8

In this example, according to the process claimed, the formulation is provided of a road bitumen obtained by the mixing of a component from visbreaking (RVB2) and an aromatic component (CA1), with subsequent blowing with air at 170°C. The process is that described in example 4.

The characteristics of bitumen 8 thus obtained are indicated in table 8. Specifications RVB2 content 70% CNR CEN CA1 content 30% Penetration at 25°C 82 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 49°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -25°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 67% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 5.5°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 153 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be observed, bitumen 8 thus prepared is perfectly in line with the above specifications, with clearly improved overall characteristics with respect to those of the bitumens described in the previous comparative examples.

Using the procedure described in this example, a bitumen was obtained with a good consistency when hot, an excellent flexibility when cold and a high resistance to oxidation.

EXAMPLE 9

According to the procedure of example 4, a road bitumen is prepared by mixing and subsequently subjecting to blowing with air at 180°C a composition of bituminous component (RVB3) and an aromatic component (CA2). The characteristics of this bitumen are indicated in table 9. Specifications RVB3 content 70.0% CNR CEN CA2 content 30.0% Penetration at 25°C 89 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 47.5°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -21°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 63% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 4.5°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 102 Pa.sec -- ≥90

As can be observed, the bitumen is perfectly in line with the specification values indicated above.

With the process of the present invention it is possible to obtain a bitumen having a good consistency when hot, excellent flexibility when cold and a high resistance to oxidation.

EXAMPLE 10

In this example the formulation is provided of a road bitumen obtained, according to the procedure of example 4, by mixing RVB3 and CA2 and subsequently blowing with air at 190°C.

The characteristics of this bitumen (bitumen 10) are indicated in table 10. Specifications RVB3 content 80.0% CNR CEN CA2 content 20.0% Penetration at 25°C 83 dmm 80/100 70/100 Ring & Ball 48°C 44/49 43/51 Fraass breakingpoint -19°C ≤-10°C ≤-10°C Penetr. after T.L. 54% -- ≥46% Increase Ring & Ball after T.L. 7°C -- ≤9°C Viscosity at 60°C 130 Pa.sec -- ≥90

Like the bitumen of the previous example, also this one has a good consistency when hot, an excellent flexibility when cold and a high resistance to oxidation.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zur Herstellung von Bitumen für den Straßenbau, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß es die Oxidation einer Zusammensetzung umfaßt, bestehend aus
    • (a) einer bituminösen Komponente (I) mit einem Gehalt an Asphaltenen von 10 bis 50 %, einem Gehalt an aromatischen Substanzen von 10 bis 50 Gew% und einer Penetration bei 25 °C von 1 bis 50 dmm und
    • (b) einer aromatischen Komponente (II) im wesentlichen ohne Asphaltene und mit einem Gehalt an aromatischen Substanzen von 80 bis 95 % und einer Viskosität bei 60°C von 100 bis 1000 cSt,
    wobei das Gewichtsverhältnis zwischen der aromatischen Komponente (II) und der bituminösen Komponente (I) 10:90 bis 50:50 beträgt.
  2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gewichtsverhältnis zwischen der aromatischen Komponente (II) und der bituminösen Komponente (I) 15:85 bis 45:55 beträgt.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gewichtsverhältnis zwischen der aromatischen Komponente (II) und der bituminösen Komponente (I) 20:80 bis 40:60 beträgt.
  4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die bituminöse Komponente (I) einen Gehalt an Asphaltenen von 20 bis 40 Gew%, einen Gehalt an aromatischen Substanzen von 15 bis 35 % und eine Penetration bei 25°C von 15 bis 45 dmm aufweist.
  5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die aromatische Komponente (II) einen Gehaft an aromatischen Substanzen von 82 bis 93 % und eine Viskosität bei 60°C von 150 bis 800 cSt aufweist.
  6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Oxidation bei einer Temperatur von 150°C bis 270°C durchgeführt wird.
  7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Oxidation bei einer Temperatur von 160°C bis 250°C durchgeführt wird.
  8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Oxidation bei einer Temperatur von 170°C bis 190°C durchgeführt wird.
  9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Oxidation mit Luft durchgeführt wird.
  10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die bituminöse Komponente (I) der durch die Destillation bei reduziertem Druck des Abflusses einer Viskositätsbrechanlage erhaltene Vakuumrückstand ist.
  11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die aromatische Komponente (II) die aromatische Fraktion ist, extrahiert mit einem Lösungmittelextraktionsprozeß, des Vakuumdestillats oder entasphaltierten Vakuumrückstands, in einem Arbeitszyklus für die Produktion von Schmierbasen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A process for the preparation of bitumens for road use, characterized in that it comprises the oxidation of a composition consisting of:
    • (a) a bituminous component (I) having a content of asphaltenes of between 10 and 50%, a content of aromatics of between 10 and 50% by weight and a penetration at 25°C of from 1 to 50 dmm, and
    • (b) an aromatic component (II) essentially without asphaltenes and having a content of aromatics of from 80 to 95%, and a viscosity at 60°C of from 100 to 1000 cSt;
    the weight ratio between the aromatic component (II) and the bituminous component (I) being from 10:90 to 50:50.
  2. The process according to claim 1, characterized in that the weight ratio between the aromatic component (II) and bituminous component (I) is from 15:85 to 45:55.
  3. The process according to claim 2, characterized in that the weight ratio between aromatic component (II) and bituminous component (I) is from 20:80 to 40:60.
  4. The process according to claim 1, characterized in that the bituminous component (I) has a content of asphaltenes of from 20 to 40% by weight, a content of aromatics of from 15 to 35%, and a penetration at 25°C of from 15 to 45 dmm.
  5. The process according to claim 1, characterized in that the aromatic component (II) has a content of aromatics of from 82 to 93% and a viscosity at 60°C of from 150 to 800 cSt.
  6. The process according to claim 1, characterized in that the oxidation is carried out at a temperature of from 150°C to 270°C.
  7. The process according to claim 6, characterized in that the oxidation is carried out at a temperature of between 160°C and 250°C.
  8. The process according to claim 7, characterized in that the oxidation is carried out at a temperature of between 170°C and 190°C.
  9. The process according to claim 1, characterized in that the oxidation is carried out with air.
  10. The process according to claim 1, characterized in that the bituminous component (I) is the vacuum residue obtained by the distillation at reduced pressure of the effluent of a visbreaking plant.
  11. The process according to claim 1, characterized in that the aromatic component (II) is the aromatic fraction, extracted with a solvent extraction process, of the vacuum distillate or deasphalted vacuum residue, in an operating cycle for the production of lubricating bases.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé pour la préparation de bitumes pour la construction de routes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend l'oxydation d'une composition consistant en :
    • (a) un composant bitumineux (I) ayant une teneur en asphaltènes comprise entre 10 et 50 %, une teneur en aromatiques comprise entre 10 et 50 % en poids et une pénétration à 25°C comprise entre 1 et 50 dmm, et
    • (b) un composant aromatique (II) essentiellement exempt d'asphaltènes et ayant une teneur en aromatiques comprise entre 80 et 95 %, et une viscosité à 60°C comprise entre 100 et 1000 cSt ;
    le rapport pondéral entre le composant aromatique (II) et le composant bitumineux (I) étant compris entre 10:90 et 50:50.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le rapport pondéral entre le composant aromatique (II) et le composant bitumineux (I) est compris entre 15:85 et 45:55.
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que le rapport pondéral entre le composant aromatique (II) et le composant bitumineux (I) est compris entre 20:80 et 40:60.
  4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le composant bitumineux (I) a une teneur en asphaltènes comprise entre 20 et 40 % en poids, une teneur en aromatiques comprise entre 15 et 35 %, et une pénétration à 25°C comprise entre 15 et 45 dmm.
  5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le composant aromatique (II) a une teneur en aromatiques comprise entre 82 et 93 % et une viscosité à 60°C comprise entre 150 et 800 cSt.
  6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'oxydation est effectuée à une température comprise entre 150°C et 270°C.
  7. Procédé selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que l'oxydation est effectuée à une température comprise entre 160°C et 250°C.
  8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que l'oxydation est effectuée à une température comprise entre 170°C et 190°C.
  9. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'oxydation est effectuée avec de l'air.
  10. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le composant bitumineux (I) est le résidu sous vide obtenu par la distillation à pression réduite de l'effluent d'une installation de viscoréduction.
  11. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le composant aromatique (II) est la fraction aromatique, extraite au moyen d'un procédé d'extraction au solvant, du distillat sous vide ou du résidu sous vide désasphalté, dans un cycle de travail pour la production de bases lubrifiantes.






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G Physik
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