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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0982816 23.01.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0982816
Titel Stromversorgungsmodul
Anmelder Lucent Technologies Inc., Murray Hill, N.J., US
Erfinder Messenger, Michael Peter, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL6 8QN, GB;
O'Connell, Terry Patrick, Swindon, Wiltshire, SN6 7HU, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69810103
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FI, FR, GB, IT, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 25.08.1998
EP-Aktenzeichen 983067844
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 01.03.2000
EP date of grant 11.12.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.01.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse H01R 25/00
IPC-Nebenklasse H01R 13/719   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to mains interface modules.

US patent US 5340944 discloses a mains interface module, comprising a screened casing having a mains inlet connector and at least one mains outlet and containing EMI filters operative to protect the outlet(s) from interference from a mains supply when connected to the inlet connector.

The present invention is characterised over the disclosure of US 5340944 in that there are at least two mains outlets of which one or two mains outlets is/are controlled by a thermostat internal to the interface module for connection to a respective heater, and the mains inlet connector is weatherproof.

The screening prevents radiation of interference within the enclosure. The weather proof mains inlet, e.g. to IP65, allows the equipment to be used and installed outside. The EMI filters prevent interference from being conducted through the outlets.

In one application to mobile cellular telecommunication base stations which are required to operate in extremes of temperature, it is necessary to provide heating which is controlled by a thermostat. In a preferred form the interface module includes at least two mains outlets one controlled by a thermostat internal to the interface for connection to a heater. Conventionally, a thermostat would be placed with the heater it controls.

The or each mains outlet may include a manually operated switch.

A fuse may be provided to protect all outlets.

A mains voltage detector may be provided with an indicator, responsive to the detector, to indicate presence of mains voltage.

An indicator may be provided responsive to an input from a unit powered by said interface module by which a fault diagnosed by the powered unit may be indicated.

One embodiment of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1 is a section through base station equipment for a mobile cellular telecommunications network;
  • Figure 2 is a side view of a mains interface module of the equipment of Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is an underneath plan of the unit of Figure 3;
  • Figure 4 is an end view of the unit of Figure 2;
  • Figure 5 is a top plan of the unit of Figure 2;
  • Figure 6 is a schematic circuit diagram of the unit of Figure 2;
  • Figure 7 is a cross section through a heater of the equipment of Figure 1; and
  • Figure 8 is a plan view of the heater of Figure 6.

Referring to the drawings, a base station for a cellular mobile telecommunications network comprises a radio unit contained by an external enclosure 2. For use, electronic units such as RF screened transmitter receivers 3, RF screened power amplifiers 4, a processor board 5 (mounting components not shown) and duplexers 6 are environmentally sealed within the enclosure 2. The processor board 5 is mounted on protuberances 7a from a wall 7 of the external enclosure. The transmitter/receivers 3 are mounted by protuberances 9 over the processor board 5. Two transmitter receivers 3 are mounted side by side in the enclosure 2 so that only one is visible in Figure 1. Similarly, two duplexers 6 are mounted side by side so that only one is visible in Figure 1.

In order to supply power to a power supply (not visible in Figure 1), a mains interface module 10 has a weather proof mains inlet connector 12, e.g. to specification IP65. The interface module 10 has a conductive housing 13 which acts as a screen against electromagnetic emissions from the unit.

The unit has three mains outlets terminated by connector sockets 14, 16 and 18. Connectors 14 and 16 are recessed so that interference is not transmitted through the unit to the outlets, between the inlet 12 and the outlets 14, 16 and 18 is an EMI filter 20. The outlets may be isolated by a two pole on/off switch 22 and are protected by a fuse 23. A monitor circuit 24 contains a mains monitor 26, a fuse fail monitor 28 and an on/off switch monitor 30. The monitors have open collector outputs driving an LED indicator 32 such that the indicator shows green when all three units detect mains voltage at the appropriate points in the circuit.

The connector 14 is used to supply power to the power supply of the radio unit.

The enclosure 2 is mounted outside within an external housing (not shown). The enclosure is cooled normally by natural convection and to this end is provided with fins or extended surfaces of which only two are visible in Figure 1. In very cold environments it is possible that the internal temperature of the enclosure would become too low for the electronic units to function. In order to allow the base station to function at such low temperatures, two heaters 36 are provided, one being shown in Figures 7 and 8. The heater 36 has a commercially available trace heating element 38 which comprises a Nichrome foil resistor pattern 6, seen only in section in Figure 7, sandwiched between two layers of flexible rubber dielectric 42.

The element 38 is bonded by a layer of double sided adhesive tape 44, to an aluminium sheet 46 of similar dimensions, which acts to disperse any potential hot spots in the assembled heater.

Two set screws 48, screwed into the enclosure, provide shoulders spaced a distance from the internal surface 50 of the enclosure 2. A leaf spring 52 is formed with notches 54 to receive the shanks 56 of the set screws 48 so as to be retained by the heads 58. The heads are positioned so that the underside of the spring 52 is spaced from the surface 50 of the enclosure 2 by a distance approximately equal to the combined thickness of the heating element 38 and the sheet 46.

The leaf spring 20 is curved when relaxed. At its end remote from the notches 54, the leaf spring 52 has a step providing a shoulder 60 leading to a tang 62. The step is approximately the size as the combined thickness of the heating element 38 and sheet 46. When the tang 62 is fastened to the surface 50 of the enclosure 2 by a screw 64, the leaf spring clamps the heating element with a uniform pressure against the surface 18 of the enclosure 2.

Each of the heaters has a supply lead 66 by which it is connected to a respective on of the connectors 16 or 18. As may be seen from Figure 6, a thermostat 68 having contacts 70 is contained within the housing 14, to control the supply to the two heaters. When the temperature falls below a predetermined level the thermostat contacts 70 close to operate the heaters. When the temperature rises above a predetermined level, the thermostat contacts open 70 to switch off the heaters.

A connector 72 provides inputs to operate LEDs 74 and outputs for signals from and to the processor board 9. These may indicate normal operation, various start-up processes, fault conditions detected by internal diagnostic processes in the processor board and the condition of a data link to a switching centre.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Netzschnittstellenmodul, mit einem abgeschirmten Gehäuse, das einen Netzeingangsverbinder (12) und mindestens einen Netzausgang (14, 16, 18) aufweist und EMI-Filter (20) enthält, die die Ausgänge (16, 18) vor Störungen von einer Netzversorgung bei Anschluß an den Eingangsverbinder schützen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens zwei Netzausgänge (14, 16, 18) vorgesehen sind, von denen ein oder zwei Ausgänge (16, 18) durch einen im Schnittstellenmodul vorgesehenen Thermostat (68) zur Verbindung mit einer jeweiligen Heizvorrichtung (36) gesteuert wird/werden, und der Netzeingangsverbinder (12) wetterbeständig ist.
  2. Netzschnittstellenmodul nach Anspruch 1, bei dem der oder jeder Netzausgang (14, 16, 18) durch einen manuell betätigten Schalter gesteuert wird.
  3. Netzschnittstellenmodul nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die eine Sicherung (23) zum Schutz aller Ausgänge enthält.
  4. Netzschnittstellenmodul nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die einen Netzspannungsdetektor (26) und eine Anzeige (32) enthält, die zur Anzeige des Vorhandenseins von Netzspannung auf den Detektor reagiert.
  5. Netzschnittstelle nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die eine Anzeige (74) enthält, welche auf eine Eingabe von einer durch das Schnittstellenmodul gespeisten Einheit reagiert und durch die ein durch die gespeiste Einheit diagnostizierter Fehler angezeigt werden kann.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A mains interface module, comprising a screened casing having a mains inlet connector (12) and at least one mains outlet (14,16,18) and containing EMI filters (20) operative to protect the outlet(s) (16,18) from interference from a mains supply when connected to the inlet connector, characterised in that there are at least two mains outlets (14,16,18) of which one or two mains outlets (16,18) is/are controlled by a thermostat (68) internal to the interface module for connection to a respective heater (36), and the mains inlet connector (12) is weatherproof.
  2. A mains interface module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the or each mains outlet (14,16,18) is controlled by a manually operated switch.
  3. A mains interface module as claimed in any preceding claim, including a fuse (23) to protect all outlets.
  4. A mains interface module as claimed in any preceding claim including a mains voltage detector (26) and an indicator (32), responsive to the detector to indicate presence of mains voltage.
  5. A mains interface as claimed in any preceding claim including an indicator (74) responsive to an input from a unit powered by said interface module by which a fault diagnosed by the powered unit may be indicated.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Module d'interface secteur, comprenant un boîtier blindé doté d'un connecteur d'entrée secteur (12) et d'au moins une sortie secteur (14, 16, 18) et contenant des filtres EMI (20) fonctionnant pour protéger la (les) sortie(s) (16, 18) des interférences émamant d'une alimentation secteur une fois connectés au connecteur d'entrée, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins deux sorties secteur (14, 16, 18) sont présentes, dont une ou deux (16, 18) est/sont commandée(s) par un thermostat (68) interne au module d'interface en vue d'une connexion à un élément chauffant (36) respectif, et le connecteur d'entrée secteur (12) est à l'épreuve des intempéries.
  2. Module d'interface secteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la ou chaque sortie secteur (14, 16, 18) est commandée par un commutateur à commande manuelle.
  3. Module d'interface secteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comportant un fusible (23) pour protéger toutes les sorties.
  4. Module d'interface secteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comportant un détecteur de tension secteur (26) et un indicateur (32), sensible au détecteur pour indiquer la présence d'une tension secteur.
  5. Module d'interface secteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comportant un indicateur (74) sensible à une entrée provenant d'une unité alimentée par ledit module d'interface permettant d'indiquer une panne diagnostiquée par l'unité alimentée.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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