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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0990501 23.01.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0990501
Titel Spritzgiessvorrichtung und Verfahren zu deren Montage
Anmelder Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd., Bolton, Ontario, CA
Erfinder Graetz, Josef, Erin, Ontario NOB 1TO, CA;
Galt, John, Nobelton, Ontario LOG 1NO, CA
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69904420
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 07.09.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 998108047
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 05.04.2000
EP date of grant 11.12.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.01.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B29C 45/17

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an improved injection molding apparatus including power units therefor, and more particularly an injection molding apparatus having reduced noise emissions and reduced vibration transmission, plus an improved method for reducing noise emission and vibration transmission in an injection molding apparatus.

U.S. Patent 5,707,667 (EP-A-0 778 652) by Galt, Kestle and Yetter teaches an improved sound insulated injection molding machine including at least one hydraulic pump and an electric motor means for powering said pump. It is desirable to provide further improvements in the reduction of noise emission and vibration transmission.

Injection molding machines that use hydraulics as a primary source of power transfer are all faced with the problem of noise and vibration generated by the hydraulic system. The problem manifests itself in three ways: fluid borne noise; structural or mechanical borne noise; and air borne noise. All three of these may be addressed in various ways, which include both mechanical and hydraulic modifications. However, reduction in noise emission and vibration transmission represents a long sought after goal.

The hydraulic power source in an injection molding system is one or more hydraulic pumps driven by an electric motor. The pumps are structurally connected to the electric motor, as with an adapter flange, with the rotational drive being provided by a rotary coupling. The electric motor and hydraulic pump assembly are supported on vibration dampening pads, which are in turn fastened to the injection molding machine base.

A characteristic of hydraulic pumps is that they have a high power density. This means that the electrical power of the electric motor is converted to hydraulic power in a small package. Part of this energy conversion requires that low pressure hydraulic fluid is brought up to a high level of pressure in a very short time. This quick rise of pressure is accomplished on many small volumes of oil within the pump in short succession. This in turn creates high frequency pressure pulses in both the high pressure outlet of the pump and the low pressure inlet of the pump. The housing of the pump also vibrates due to these pulses.

The pressure pulses in the suction and pressure lines of the pump create not only fluid borne noise but mechanical vibrations in the suction and pressure lines. These vibrations are transmitted to the machine reservoir and base, and also to the structure that supports the pump and motor assembly, which is normally part of the machine base and which will be referred to herein as a "drip pan".

The machine reservoir, base and drip pan are usually fabricated of the same material. For most applications this material is steel, which can be of welded, formed or cast construction. The disadvantage of using the same material throughout the base structure is that it will then inherently have the same natural frequency. It is desirable to reduce vibration transmission in these structures by designing the structures with suitable materials of different natural frequencies since this will make the transmission of vibration energy less efficient.

The structural transmission of vibration energy may also be reduced by adding damping elements and masses in series between the vibration energy source and the vibration energy dissipater, i.e., the side of the reservoir which converts some of the structural vibration energy to air borne vibration energy or sound. The larger the masses are in this system, the less efficient the energy transfer becomes.

Hot and cold rolled steel is also highly reflective to air borne sound energy. In efforts of noise reduction in the area of the hydraulic pumps, the majority of the air borne noise will simply reflect off any of the structure fabricated from steel. This would include the drip pan area under the pumps as well as the side of the reservoir and base. It would be desirable to utilize a suitable material that has the ability to absorb sound energy rather than one that reflects sound energy.

Accordingly, it is a principal object of the present invention to provide an improved injection molding apparatus which includes a power source and which has reduced noise emission and vibration transmission characteristics, as well as an improved method for mounting power components to an injection molding apparatus.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide an improved apparatus and method as aforesaid which is simple, convenient, inexpensive and effective.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will appear hereinbelow.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accordance with the present invention, the foregoing objects and advantages are readily obtained.

The injection molding apparatus of the present invention comprises: an injection molding unit; a power source for said injection molding unit including at least one hydraulic pump and at least one motor driving said pump; the apparatus being characterized in that it further comprises a concrete mounting base with a mounting plate affixed thereto, said concrete mounting base and mounting plate mounting said power source, with mounting means in the mounting plate for mounting said power source.

The present invention also includes a method for mounting an injection molding apparatus, which comprises: providing an injection molding unit including a power source for said injection molding unit, said power source including at least one hydraulic pump and at least one motor for driving said pump; the method being characterized in that it comprises the steps of mounting said power source on a concrete mounting base with a mounting plate affixed to said concrete mounting base and with mounting means in the mounting plate for mounting said power source.

Further features and advantages of the present invention will appear hereinbelow.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention will be more readily understandable from a consideration of the accompanying exemplificative drawings, wherein:

  • FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of the injection molding apparatus of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 shows a top view of the concrete mounting plate of the present invention with metal mounting plate affixed thereto;
  • FIG. 3 shows a side view of the mounting plate of FIG. 3;
  • FIG. 4 is a top view of the mounting plate of FIG. 2 with the power source mounted thereon; and
  • FIGS. 5-6 are perspective views of additional embodiments of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

In accordance with the present invention, an improved apparatus and method is provided for reducing machine noise and vibration. The present invention effectively uses a drip pan made of a material that has a different natural frequency than steel and which has an ability to absorb sound energy while at the same time providing effective support for the power source for the injection molding unit.

The present invention uses a drip pan made of concrete. Concrete has a different natural frequency than steel, yet it is quite dense and is porous enough to absorb sound energy.

In addition to the foregoing, the present invention affixes a metal plate, preferably steel, to the concrete mounting base, with mounting means as mounting holes, in the metal plate for mounting the power source to the concrete base and metal plate. A reinforcing member, as a steel or other metal bar, is also desirably affixed to the concrete base to provide additional strengthening to the concrete base. In addition, a recessed portion is provided in the concrete base, generally under the pumps, to provide a site to catch spilled fluids, such as oil, and a removable plug in the concrete base covering a channel communicating with the recess to provide a means to access the recess to drain fluid spilled from the recess. Further, desirably a mounting strut is also provided affixed to the concrete mounting base to provide a further site for mounting components of the power source, as for example to mount the hydraulic pumps.

It has been found that the foregoing structure effectively reduces noise emission and vibration transmission in an injection molding apparatus by mounting the pump and motor assembly thereon. The features of the present invention in a drip pan are particularly advantageous in an injection molding machine in view of the high frequency and high level of energy vibration, the number of machine cycles and the different types of fluids which may come into contact with the drip pan material.

FIG. 1 shows injection molding apparatus 10 of the present invention including an injection molding unit 12 and a power source 14 for said unit 12. FIG. 1 shows the power source spaced from the injection molding unit and FIGS. 5-6 show the power source which can be slid into an injection base recess, as will be described below. For convenience, the injection molding unit is not shown in FIGS. 5-6. The injection molding unit 12 is mounted on injection molding unit base 16 and desirably includes recess 18 therein as shown in FIGS. 5-6. Power source 14 is mounted on concrete mounting base 20 in a manner to be described below which can be slid into the injection base recess 18 as clearly shown in FIG. 6 or withdrawn therefrom a sufficient distance to provide all around access thereto for servicing, as with a fork lift. Obviously, electrical wiring and hydraulic hosing connections will have sufficient length to allow the concrete base to be withdrawn a sufficient distance to allow complete access to the power source. Thus, in the embodiments of FIGS. 5-6, the power source 14 is substantially enclosed within the molding unit base 16.

Thus, in the preferred embodiment of FIGS. 5-6, concrete mounting base 20 is located under the injection unit. The power source 14 includes at least one hydraulic pump 22, with more than one such pumps shown in the drawings, and at least one motor 24 driving the pump or pumps, desirably an electric motor.

As clearly shown in FIGS. 1-6, concrete mounting base 20 is desirably a rectangular structure, although any convenient shape may be employed, with a raised platform 26 for mounting motor 24 and a recess 28 for mounting the pump or pumps 22 and to catch any spilled fluids, such as hydraulic oil. A channel or channels 30 is desirably formed in the concrete mounting base communicating with recess 28 with a removable plug 32 thereon to provide a means to remove spilled fluids from the recess. The power source 14 is connected to the injection molding unit 12 by conventional means which will not be described in more detail.

Similarly, the injection molding unit includes conventional components, such as clamps, molds, manifolds, platens, injection nozzles and the like, which also will not be described in detail herein.

Base 16 of injection molding unit 12 is desirably mounted on mounting pads 34 which may be of any convenient structure, as for example rubber coated metal with the base affixed to the pad and the pad affixed to the floor or to a support plate, as by screwing the base into the pad and screwing the pad into the floor or support plate.

Similarly, motor 24 is desirably mounted on mounting pads 36 which also may be of any convenient structure, as similar to pads 34, with the motor affixed to the pad and the pad affixed to a metal mounting plate 38 affixed to the raised platform 26 of concrete mounting base 20 as by mounting holes 40 in the metal mounting plate. The metal mounting plate is desirably of steel, although any convenient and suitable material may be used, as for example, high strength plastic or other metals. The mounting plate 38 is desirably embedded in the platform 26 of concrete mounting base 20.

At least one reinforcing member 42 is desirably embedded in the concrete mounting base 20 to provide additional strengthening thereto, as for example one or more metal bars or a metal mesh or grid, desirably steel.

A guide member 44 is desirably affixed to the recess 28 of concrete mounting base 20 to support pumps 22 as by at least one strut 46 which is movable in the guide member 44 to allow for expansion during operation.

In addition to the foregoing, the concrete mounting base 20 desirably includes mounting pads 48 which also may be of any convenient structure, as similar to pads 34. Alternatively, the concrete mounting base 20 may rest on mounting provisions located on machine base 16. The mounting pads 34, 36 and 48 are desirably located where pressure is expected to be exerted.

Naturally, there are appropriate hydraulic hose fittings and electrical wiring connections between the power source and injection unit, but these are conventional and will not be described in more detail herein.

Thus, in accordance with the present invention, the concrete drip tray is desirably located under the machine base and rests on vibration reducing pads. The motor and pumps are mounted on the drip tray and also rest on vibration reducing pads.

The drip tray is configured in such a manner that a recess area is provided under the pumps surrounded by a perimeter wall of the concrete base of sufficient height to catch a large volume of spilled oil. The draining of the spilled oil from the recess may be conveniently accomplished by removing a plug in the wall of the base. A plug retaining fixture may be cast into the wall of the concrete base.

The mounting of the electric motor and pumps to the concrete mounting base requires relatively high precision of dimension tolerances of one mount relative to the other. This is accomplished by affixing a pre-machined plate to the concrete base, as a steel mounting plate cast into the concrete base, which provides all the necessary mounting holes.

The concrete mounting base or tray is designed in such a way that it is an integral part of the power pack of the injection molding apparatus. This design effectively reduces noise and vibration in the injection molding apparatus.

It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the illustrations described and shown herein, which are deemed to be merely illustrative of the best modes of carrying out the invention, and which are susceptible of modification of form, size, arrangement of parts and details of operation. The invention rather is intended to encompass all such modifications which are within its and scope as defined by the claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Spritzgießvorrichtung (10), die aufweist: eine Spritzformungseinheit (12); eine Energiequelle (14) für die Spritzformungseinheit (12) mit zumindest einer Hydraulikpumpe (22) und zumindest einem Antriebsmotor (24) für die Pumpe; wobei die Vorrichtung dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, daß sie ferner eine Betonmontagebasis (20) mit einer an dieser befestigten Grundplatte (38) aufweist, wobei die Betonmontagebasis (20) und die Grundplatte (38) die Energiequelle (14) aufnehmen, wobei in der Grundplatte (38) Montagemittel (36) zur Montage der Energiequelle (14) vorgesehen sind.
  2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher die Spritzformungseinheit (12) eine Basis (16) aufweist und bei welcher die Betonmontagebasis (20) von der Basis (16) der Spritzformungseinheit getrennt ist.
  3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, mit einer Öffnung (18) in der Basis (16) der Spritzformungseinheit, wobei die Betonmontagebasis (20) innerhalb dieser Öffnung (18) angeordnet ist.
  4. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 mit einer Ausnehmung (28) in der Betonmontagebasis (20) zur Aufnahme von Überlauffluiden.
  5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, bei welcher ein Kanal (30) in der Betonmontagebasis (20) mit der Ausnehmung (28) in Verbindung steht und ein entfernbarer Stopfen (32) den Kanal (30) verschließt.
  6. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 mit einem an der Betonmontagebasis (20) befestigten Führungselement (44) und zumindest einer Strebe (46), welche die Pumpe (22) mit dem Führungselement (44) verbindet.
  7. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, bei welcher die Spritzformungseinheit (12) an einer Basis (16) montiert ist und die Betonmontagebasis (20) im wesentlichen von der Basis (16) der Spritzformungseinheit umgeben ist.
  8. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, bei welcher die Betonmontagebasis (20) unterhalb der Spritzformungseinheit (12) angeordnet ist.
  9. Verfahren zum Montieren einer Spritzformungsmaschine (10), bei welchem eine Spritzformungseinheit(12) mit einer Energiequelle (14) für die Spritzformungseinheit (12) bereitgestellt wird, wobei die Energiequelle (14) zumindest eine Hydraulikpumpe (22) und zumindest einen Antriebsmotor (24) für die Pumpe (22) aufweist, wobei das Verfahren dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, daß es die Schritte des Befestigens der Energiequelle (14) an der Betonmontagebasis (20) mit einer an der Betonmontagebasis (20) befestigten Grundplatte (38) und Montagemittel (36) in der Grundplatte (38) zum Montieren der Energiequelle (14) umfaßt.
  10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, bei welchem die Spritzformungseinheit (12) auf einer Basis (16) der Spritzformungseinheit montiert wird, die von der Betonmontagebasis (20) getrennt ist.
  11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, bei welchem die Betonmontagebasis (20) innerhalb einer Öffnung (18) in der Basis (16) der Spritzformungseinheit angeordnet ist.
  12. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 11, bei welchem die Spritzformungseinheit (12) auf einer Basis (16) der Spritzformungseinheit montiert wird und die Betonmontagebasis (20) von der Basis (16) der Spritzformungseinheit im wesentlichen umgeben wird.
  13. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12, bei welchem die Betonmontagebasis (20) unterhalb der Spritzformungseinheit (12) angeordnet wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Injection molding apparatus (10),which comprises: an injection molding unit (12); a power source (14) for said injection molding unit (12) including at least one hydraulic pump (22) and at least one motor (24) driving said pump; the apparatus being characterized in that it further comprises a concrete mounting base (20) with a mounting plate (38) affixed thereto, said concrete mounting base (20) and mounting plate (38) mounting said power source (14), with mounting means (36) in the mounting plate (38) for mounting said power source (14).
  2. Apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the injection molding unit (12) includes an injection molding unit base (16), and wherein said concrete mounting base (20) is separate from the injection molding unit base (16).
  3. Apparatus according to claim 2, including an opening (18) in the injection molding unit base (16), wherein said concrete mounting base (20) is positioned within said opening (18).
  4. Apparatus according to one of the claims 1 to 3, including a recess (28) in the concrete mounting base (20) to catch spilled fluids.
  5. Apparatus according to claim 4, including a channel (30) in the concrete mounting base (20) communicating with said recess (28) and a removable plug (32) covering said channel (30).
  6. Apparatus according to one of the claims 1 to 5 including a guide member (44) affixed to said concrete mounting base (20) and at least one strut (46) connecting said pump (22) to said guide member (44).
  7. Apparatus according to one of the claims 1 to 6, wherein the injection molding unit (12) is mounted on an injection molding unit base (16) and the concrete mounting base (20) is substantially enclosed by the injection molding unit base (16).
  8. Apparatus according to one of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the concrete mounting base (20) is located under the injection molding unit (12).
  9. Method for mounting an injection molding apparatus (10), which comprises:
    • providing an injection molding unit (12) including a power source (14) for said injection molding unit (12), said power source (14) including at least one hydraulic pump (22) and at least one motor (24) for driving said pump (22); the method being characterized in that it comprises the steps of mounting said power source (14) on a concrete mounting base (20) with a mounting plate (38) affixed to said concrete mounting base (20), and with mounting means (36) in the mounting plate (38) for mounting said power source (14).
  10. Method according to claim 9, including mounting the injection molding unit (12) on an injection molding unit base (16) which is separate from the concrete mounting base (20).
  11. Method according to claim 10, including positioning the concrete mounting base (20) within an opening (18) in the injection molding unit base (16).
  12. Method according to one of the claims 9 to 11, including mounting the injection molding unit (12) on an injection molding unit base (16) and substantially enclosing the concrete mounting base (20) by the injection molding unit base (16).
  13. Method according to one of the claims 9 to 12, including locating the concrete mounting base (20) under the injection molding unit (12).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil (10) de moulage par injection, qui comprend une unité (12) de moulage par injection, une source d'énergie (14) pour l'unité (12) de moulage par injection comprenant au moins une pompe hydraulique (22) et au moins un moteur (24) qui entraîne la pompe, l'appareil étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre une base (20) de montage de béton ayant une plaque de montage (38) qui lui est fixée, la base de montage de béton (20) et la plaque de montage (38) portant la source d'énergie (14), un dispositif (36) de montage étant placé dans la plaque de montage (38) et étant destiné au montage de la source d'énergie (14).
  2. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité (12) de moulage par injection comprend une base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection, et dans lequel la base de montage de béton (20) est séparée de la base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection.
  3. Appareil selon la revendication 2, comprenant une ouverture (18) formée dans la base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection, et dans lequel la base (20) de montage de béton est positionnée dans l'ouverture (18).
  4. Appareil selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant une cavité (28) formée dans la base (20) de montage de béton pour la retenue des fluides déversés.
  5. Appareil selon la revendication 4, comprenant un canal (30) formé dans la base de montage de béton (20) et communiquant avec la cavité (28), et un bouchon amovible (32) qui recouvre le canal (30).
  6. Appareil selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant un organe de guidage (44) fixé à la base de montage de béton (20) et au moins une jambe de force (46) raccordant la pompe (22) à l'organe de guidage (44).
  7. Appareil selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel l'unité (12) de moulage par injection est montée sur une base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection, et la base de montage de béton (20) est pratiquement entourée par la base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection.
  8. Appareil selon l'une des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel la base de montage de béton (20) est disposée sous l'unité (12) de moulage par injection.
  9. Procédé de montage d'un appareil (10) de moulage par injection, qui comprend la disposition d'une unité (12) de moulage par injection comprenant une source d'énergie (14) pour l'unité (12) de moulage par injection, la source d'énergie (14) comprenant au moins une pompe hydraulique (22) et au moins un moteur (24) destiné à entraîner la pompe (22), le procédé étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend l'étape de montage de la source d'énergie (14) sur une base de montage de béton (20) avec une plaque de montage (38) fixée à la base de montage de béton (20) et avec un dispositif de montage (36) placé dans la plaque de montage (38) et destiné au montage de la source d'énergie (14).
  10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, comprenant le montage de l'unité (12) de moulage par injection sur une base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection qui est séparée de la base de montage de béton (20).
  11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, comprenant le positionnement de la base de montage de béton (20) dans une ouverture (18) formée dans la base (16) de l'unité de moulage par injection.
  12. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 9 à 11, comprenant le montage de l'unité (12) de moulage par injection sur une base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection, et l'enfermement pratiquement complet de la base de montage de béton (20) dans la base (16) d'unité de moulage par injection.
  13. Procédé selon l'une des revendications 9 à 12, comprenant le positionnement de la base de montage de béton (20) sous l'unité (12) de moulage par injection.






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G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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