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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1019636 23.01.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1019636
Titel DRUCKUMWANDLER
Anmelder Hauge, Leif J., Virginia Beach, Va., US
Erfinder Hauge, Leif J., Virginia Beach, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69810142
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.09.1998
EP-Aktenzeichen 989443668
WO-Anmeldetag 30.09.1998
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/NO98/00290
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0099017028
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 08.04.1999
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 19.07.2000
EP date of grant 11.12.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.01.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse F04F 11/02
IPC-Nebenklasse F15B 3/00   F15D 1/14   

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a pressure exchanger for transferring pressure energy from a fluid of one fluid system to a fluid of a second fluid system, comprising a liner and two end covers with an inlet and an outlet passage and respectively for each fluid, and a cylindrical rotor which is provided in the liner and which is arranged for rotation about its longitudinal axis, and which has a number of through-going channels with openings at each end arranged symmetrically about the longitudinal axis, where the rotor's channels are arranged for connection with the end covers' inlet and outlet passages in such a manner that during the rotor's rotation they alternately conduct fluid at high pressure and fluid at low pressure of the respective systems.

In NO 161341 and 168548 amongst others there is disclosed a pressure exchanger of the above-mentioned type for transferring pressure energy from one fluid flow to another. The pressure exchanger comprises a housing with an inlet and an outlet port for each fluid flow and a rotor which is arranged for rotation about its longitudinal axis in the housing. The rotor has at least one through-going channel, which extends from one end of the rotor to the other end, considered in the axial direction, and alternately connects the inlet port and the outlet port for one fluid with the outlet port and the inlet port respectively for the second fluid and vice versa during the rotor's rotation.

A further pressure exchanger of the described kind is disclosed in WO-A-9106781.

The rotor is mounted between end covers and in a housing which is subject to full compression stress. At high pressures elastic deformations occur which have a profound effect on internal clearances and fits, a situation which can be partly compensated by means of pressure balancing of the end covers as described in NO 180599 and by substantial overdimensioning of the rotor's housing.

In order to achieve a satisfactory degree of reliability in operation when using fluids with low viscosity, e.g. water, it has proved to be necessary to employ ceramics. This is a brittle material with considerably less tensile strength then metals, and at high pressure there is a great risk of fracture if the material should be subjected to impact or shock.

Moreover, pressure exchangers of the above-mentioned type are encumbered with practical drawbacks during maintenance, since pipe couplings have to be opened in order to gain access to internal components. In order to prevent strains in the pipe couplings leading to elastic deformations of critical components, an extra arrangement is required for assembly.

The object of the invention is to provide a pressure exchanger which is not encumbered with the above disadvantages.

The distinctive properties of this pressure exchanger according to the invention are presented in the characteristic features indicated in the claims.

The invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the drawings which schematically illustrate examples of a pressure exchanger according to the invention.

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a pressure exchanger according to the invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the internal components of the pressure exchanger illustrated in fig. 1, some of the components being intersected.
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of components of the pressure exchanger, where the various components have been separated from one another.

As illustrated in fig. 1 the pressure exchanger comprises a pressure housing I with a locking or top cover 8 and an inlet 7 for high pressure fluid and an outlet 5 for high pressure fluid, together with a window 6 for measuring the rotational speed. The maintenance of the pressure exchanger is substantially simplified due to the fact that the static components have been separated from the internal components which constitute the pressure exchanger's active unit. Furthermore, mounting has been simplified due to the fact that a base 2 with bolt holes 9 for attachment and an inlet 3 for low pressure fluid and an outlet 4 for low pressure fluid form a separate base construction which does not give rise to strain or deformations of the internal, active unit.

Fig. 2 illustrates the different components in the internal active unit of the pressure exchanger where the pressure exchange takes place, and which are installed inside the pressure housing 1 in order to protect the components against impact or shock. Since these are placed inside a defined space which is pressurized via the flow media on the high pressure side, any substantial overdimensioning of the components is avoided. The rotor 11 is mounted in a liner 12 where the end surfaces abut directly against the end cover 13 for pressurization of fluid and the end cover 14 for depressurization of fluid. The liner 12 has at least one opening 15 for supply of lubricating fluid and measuring the rotational speed and is slightly longer than the rotor, being secured between the end covers 13, 14 via a central bolt 10 which passes through the rotor 11 without substantially reducing the flow cross section, and which is securely screwed into the opposite end cover. In addition, the design results in the sides of the end covers which face the rotor's end surfaces being subject to a static pressure which is considerably less than the pressure on the outside, since high pressure on the rotor side is essentially restricted to inlet and outlet ports for high pressure. This is advantageous, since the play between the rotor and the end covers decreases slightly during the pressurization due to the fact that the end covers are elastically deformed towards the rotor's end surfaces. The liner 12 is also subject to compression and the corresponding force on the end covers unites or establishes the position of all the static components, preventing a mutual rotation during operation.

Fig. 3 illustrates the various components which are shown in figs. 1 and 2, these being separated from one another. The internal structure is accessible via a central top cover 16 which is operated without the use of special tools. A static sealing ring 17 ensures a seal against the high working pressure on the inside. The pressure housing 1 may be opened manually by rotating the locking cover 8 which is equipped with a handle 20 so that a centre bolt 21 is screwed out of the top cover. This releases a multi-sectional locking ring 18 which is located in a corresponding groove in the pressure housing 1 and is secured via a stepped cut-out 19 in the locking cover 8. The locking ring's individual segments are removed and the locking cover 8 is remounted, whereupon the top cover can be removed via the handle 20.

Fig. 3 further provides a detailed illustration of the design of the end covers 13, 14 and the rotor 11 which permits the advantageous separation between inlet and outlet for the high pressure side and the low pressure side respectively. A first fluid, e.g. a liquid B' which will be depressurized in the known manner, is supplied to the rotor 11 via an inlet 7 with direct connection to an inlet port 26 in the end cover 13 equipped with a sealing ring 28 to prevent mixing with corresponding liquid flow on the high pressure side. At the outlet from the rotor 11 a second fluid, e.g. a liquid B is transferred via the outlet port of the same end cover 13 to an internal passage which flows into a coaxial, central course or channel 25 in the rotor 11. From here the fluid flows out into a corresponding central, internal passage in the end cover 14 with an outlet 23 on the bottom. The end cover 14 is further provided with a sealing ring 22 which separates liquids with high and low pressure respectively while simultaneously causing the pressure exchanger to be exposed to a net force from the top. The low pressure port 31 has an inlet from the opening 24 in the bottom for liquid F which will be pressurized in the known manner. These inlet and outlet openings, at least one of which is designed with a pipe connection and sealing ring, are connected to corresponding openings in the pressure housing's base 2 by external pipe couplings 3, 4. The force from the liquid pressure which acts on the pressure exchanger's top, is transferred to two lease pins 33 and 34 mounted on each side of the inlet and outlet openings 35, 36 for connection with the lower end cover 14. The same end cover has a radial outlet 29 from the high pressure port 32 for the pressurized liquid F' with direct outlet via the external pipe coupling 5. The pressurized liquid F' has access to the opening 15 for hydrostatic mounting of the rotor via the clearance between the pressure housing and the end cover 14 together with the liner 12. In order to obtain an effective optical measurement of the rotational speed, the rotor 11 has a reflecting surface body 30.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Ein Druckaustauscher zum Transferieren von Druckenergie von einer ersten Flüssigkeit eines ersten Flüssigkeitssystems auf eine zweite Flüssigkeit eines zweiten Flüssigkeitssystems, bestehend aus einer Ummantelung (12) und zwei Abschlusskappen (13 beziehungsweise 14) mit einer Einlass- und einer Auslassöffnung (24, 29 beziehungsweise 26, 23) für jede Flüssigkeit und einem zylindrischen Rotor (11), der in der Ummantelung (12) vorgesehen und zur Rotation um seine longitudinale Achse angeordnet ist, und der eine Mehrzahl von durchgehenden Kanälen mit symmetrisch um die Longitudinalachse angeordneten Öffnungen an jedem Ende besitzt, wobei die Rotorkanäle derart zur Verbindung mit der Abschlusskappenauslass- und Einlassöffnung angeordnet sind ,dass sie während der Rotation des Rotors alternierend Flüssigkeit bei hohem Druck und Flüssigkeit bei niedrigem Druck der betreffenden Systeme führen,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Abschlusskappe (13) zum Auslass einer eingehenden Flüssigkeit durch eine zentrale Durchbohrung (25) im Rotor (11) hinüber zu einer entgegengesetzten Abschlusskappe (14), die zum Auslass (23) der ersten Flüssigkeit und Ein- und Auslass (24, 29)der zweiten Flüssigkeit angeordnet ist, gestaltet ist:
  2. Ein Druckaustauscher nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Druckaustauscher in einem Druckgehäuse (1) befestigt ist, wobei die Komponenten minimal Spannung und elastischen Deformationen ausgesetzt und gegen Stoß und Erschütterung geschützt sind.
  3. Ein Druckaustauscher nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Abschlusskappen (13, 14) mit einem Zugbolzen (10) an jeder Seite des Gehäuses (12) befestigt sind.
  4. Ein Druckaustauscher nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Abschlusskappe (14) bevorzugt zumindest eine bodenseitige Öffnung (23) besitzt, die mit einer Rohranschluss und einem Dichtungsring zur Abdichtung bei Einführung in eine entsprechende Öffnung (36) eines Trägers (2) versehen ist.
  5. Ein Druckaustauscher nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die obere Kappe einen mehrteiligen Klemmring (18) besitzt, welcher so ausgeführt ist, um durch eine zentrale Klemmkappe (20), die einen zirkular gestuften Ausschnitt (19) mit einem äußeren Durchmesser, der dem inneren Durchmesser des Klemmrings (18) entspricht, gesichert zu werden und der in die obere Kappe (16) mittels einer gesichert angebrachten zentralen Bolzen geschraubt werden kann.
  6. Ein Druckaustauscher nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einlass und Auslasskupplungen (5,7) für Hochdruck durch die Wand des Druckgehäuses (1) zur Verbindung ohne Dichtungseingriff mit den Hochdrucköffnungen (26,29) der Abschlusskappen (13,14) führen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A pressure exchanger for transferring pressure energy from a first fluid of a first fluid system to a second fluid of a second fluid system, comprising a liner (12) and two end covers (13 and 14 respectively) with an inlet and an outlet passage (24, 29 and 26, 23 respectively) for each fluid, and a cylindrical rotor (11) which is provided in the liner (12) and which is arranged for rotation about its longitudinal axis, and which has a number of through-going channels with openings at each end arranged symmetrically about the longitudinal axis, where the rotor's channels are arranged for connection with the end covers' inlet and outlet passages in such a manner that during the rotor's rotation they alternately conduct fluid at high pressure and fluid at low pressure of the respective systems,

    characterized in that one end cover (13) is designed for outlet of ingoing fluid via a central through-bore (25) in the rotor (11) over to an opposite end cover (14) which is arranged for outlet (23) for the first fluid and inlet and outlet (24, 29) for the second fluid.
  2. A pressure exchanger according to claim 1,

    characterized in that the pressure exchanger is mounted in a pressure housing (1) whereby the components are minimally exposed to tension and elastic deformations and protected against impact and shock.
  3. A pressure exchanger according to claims 1 or 2,

    characterized in that the end covers (13, 14) are mounted on each side of the casing (12) via a tension bolt (10).
  4. A pressure exchanger according to claims 1,2 or 3,

    characterized in that the end cover (14) preferably has at least one bottom opening (23) provided with pipe connection and sealing ring for sealing introduction into a corresponding opening (36) in a base (2).
  5. A pressure exchanger according to claims 1 or 2,

    characterized in that the top cover has a multi-sectional locking ring (18) which is arranged to be secured by a central locking cover (20) which has a circular stepped cut-out (19) with an external diameter corresponding to the internal diameter of the locking ring (18), and which can be screwed into the top cover (16) via a securely mounted centre bolt (21).
  6. A pressure exchanger according to claims 1 or 2,

    characterized in that inlet and outlet couplings (5, 7) for high pressure pass through the pressure housing's (1) wall for communication with the end covers' (13, 14) openings for high pressure (26, 29) without sealing engagement.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Echangeur de pression destiné au transfert de l'énergie de pression d'un premier fluide d'un premier système fluide vers un second fluide d'un second système fluide comprenant une chemise (12) et deux couvercles d'extrémité (respectivement 13 et 14) avec un passage d'entrée et un passage de sortie (respectivement 24, 29 et 26, 23) pour chaque fluide et un rotor cylindrique (11) placé dans la chemise (12) de façon à pouvoir tourner sur son axe longitudinal et muni d'un certain nombre de rainures transversales avec des ouvertures à chaque extrémité disposées symétriquement le long de l'axe longitudinal, les rainures du rotor étant placées de manière à être raccordées aux passages d'entrée et sortie pour leur permettre de conduire le fluide à haute pression et le fluide à basse pression des systèmes respectifs lors de la rotation du rotor, caractérisé par le fait que l'un des couvercles d'extrémité (13) est conçu de façon à permettre la sortie de fluide via un alésage traversant (25) dans le rotor (11) jusqu'à un autre couvercle (14) prévu pour la sortie (23) du premier fluide et pour l'entrée et la sortie (24, 29) du second fluide.
  2. Echangeur de pression selon la revendication 1, caractérisé par le montage de l'échangeur de pression dans un carter de pression (1) permettant une exposition minimale des composants à la tension et aux déformations élastiques et les protégeant contre les impacts et les chocs.
  3. Echangeur de pression selon les revendications 1 ou 2, caractérisé par le montage des couvercles d'extrémité (13,14) de chaque côté du boîtier (12) à l'aide d'un boulon de tension (10).
  4. Echangeur de pression selon les revendications 1, 2 ou 3, caractérisé par la présence de préférence sur le couvercle d'extrémité (14) d'au moins une ouverture inférieure (23) prévue avec jonction de tuyaux et joint de garniture de façon à permettre l'introduction d'un joint par une ouverture correspondante (36) dans un socle (2).
  5. Echangeur de pression selon les revendications 1 ou 2, caractérisé par la présence sur le couvercle supérieur d'une bague de fermeture à plusieurs sections (18) placée de manière à être maintenue par un couvercle central de maintien (20) comportant une découpure circulaire à gradins (19) dont le diamètre externe correspond au diamètre interne de la bague de fermeture (18) et pouvant être vissé dans le couvercle supérieur (16) à l'aide d'un centreur bien fixé (21).
  6. Echangeur de pression selon les revendications 1 ou 2, caractérisé par le passage des coupleurs d'entrée et de sortie (5, 7) pour la haute pression à travers la paroi du carter de pression (1) pour communiquer avec les ouvertures des couvercles d'extrémité (13, 14) pour la haute pression (26, 29) sans engagement du joint.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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