PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1051792 23.01.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1051792
Titel KLEMMVORRICHTUNG FÜR DIE WICKLUNGSSPULEN VON TURBOGENERATOREN
Anmelder Siemens Westinghouse Power Corp., Orlando, Fla., US
Erfinder ROWE, M., Charles, Orlando, US;
CHRISTODOULOU, Alex, Oviedo, US;
WELTZIEN, Thorsten, Orlando, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69904437
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 25.01.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999033368
WO-Anmeldetag 25.01.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/US99/01443
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0099038243
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 29.07.1999
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 15.11.2000
EP date of grant 11.12.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.01.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse H02K 3/50

Beschreibung[en]
Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to turbine generators and more particularly to a clamping apparatus for clamping of stator coil windings within a turbine generator.

Background of the Invention

Turbine generators for producing electric power are well known and typically include an end winding portion that includes a stator core having several slots that receive and support conductors. The end windings may not be adequately supported within the core slots during operation of the generator and are often subject to severe vibrations and stresses which may cause adverse structural deformations. Structural deformation may also arise from electromagnetic forces which occur during abnormal short-circuit or fault conditions.

Several techniques have been developed in an attempt to prevent the end windings from undergoing negative structural deformations, such as that disclosed in U. S. Patent No. 4,563,607 to Cooper et al. for a radial clamp assembly for dynamoelectric machine stator coil end turns. Top and bottom coils disposed within slots in the stator iron core are supported with a radial clamp, braces, brackets, rings, and strain blocks. The radial clamp is typically positioned in the mid-involute region between the axial extreme of the end winding and the core.

The support blocks are located radially above and below a respective pair of end turns so that one support block bears against two parallel bottom coils and the other support block bears against two parallel top coils.

Upper and lower pins are disposed across the support block transverse to the orientation direction of the coils. A tensioned banding loop is disposed continuously around the pins on each side of the coils so that the banding loop bears against the pins which, in turn, bear against their adjacent support blocks and coils.

With the banding loop in position, the pins are rotated to twist the banding loop for taking in excess slack, thereby, tightening the banding loop between the coils. Resin dispersed within the banding loop is them cured on site, typically by hot air flowing over the banding loop. The curing process requires additional time and expense to install. Typically, band curing extends work schedules, and consequently adds to the overall cost of the turbine generator.

Another example can be seen in U.S. Patent No. 4,782,579 to Rowe et al. which describes an attempt to improve the curing process required in the structure of Figures 1 and 2 by allowing a portion of the process to be precured, namely the bands. This process, however, still requires extensive curing, and a need still exists for a more economical means of installing and maintaining a turbine generator.

Accordingly, it would, therefore, be desirable to provide a more economical means of installing and maintaining a turbine generator. In addition, it would be desirable to reduce the number of components that must be accounted for during the installation of the radial clamps.

Summary of the Invention

In view of the foregoing background, it is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus and related method for clamping coil windings using precured radial bands or the like. It is further an object of the present invention to reduce the components and processing steps typically used in clamping the stator coils of typical dynamo electric machines.

These and other objects, advantages and features of the present invention are provided by a clamping apparatus in accordance with the appended claim 1, a radial band in accordance with claim 13 and a method of forming an elongate rod in accordance with claim 14. The clamping apparatus may comprise a retaining platform for extending across a pair of coil windings positioned in a spaced relation, wherein the retaining platform has a bore extending therethrough. A connecting insert member is slidably carried within the bore of the retaining platform. The connecting insert member has a through-hole and means for admitting a rod into the through-hole. An elongated rod passes through the through-hole of the connecting insert member and includes a bulbous shaped end dimensioned for passing through the bore of the retaining platform while the through-hole of the connecting insert member prevents passage of the bulbous shaped end therethrough. Thus, tension in the elongated rod biases the platform against the coil windings.

In one preferred embodiment, the connecting insert member comprises separable mating segments as the means for admitting a rod into the through-hole, and the through-hole of the connecting insert member includes a first dimension that permits passage of the bulbous end therein and a second dimension which prevents passage of the bulbous end therethrough. Further, one embodiment of the connecting insert member has a tapered cross-section for slidably securing within the bore of the retaining platform.

In a preferred embodiment, the elongated rod is formed from a precured and pretensioned banding material. A method aspect of the present invention includes forming the elongated rod by wrapping a band a multiplicity of times for forming a continuous loop, positioning first and second balls in a spaced relation within the loop, twisting the loop about an axis extending between the balls, and continuing the twisting until the balls are fully engulfed within the band to form a bulbous shape at each end. Advantageously, a fiberglass tape impregnated and bonded with a resin is provided. Once the elongated rod is formed from the fiberglass tape, the twisted loop containing the balls is tensioned and the resin cured for forming a precured rigid elongated rod.

Brief Description of the Drawings

A preferred embodiment of the invention, as well as alternate embodiments are described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

  • FIG. 1 illustrates a prior art radial clamp assembly that is employed in a dynamo-electric machine;
  • FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along section line 2-2 of the dynamo-electric machine shown in FIG.1;
  • FIG. 3 illustrates a radial clamp in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention that may be employed in a dynamo-electric machine;
  • FIG 4 is a sectional view taken along section line 4-4 of the dynamo-electric machine shown in FIG. 3;
  • FIG. 4A is a sectional view of the dynamo-electric machine illustrating an alternate clamping apparatus embodiment of the present invention including;
  • FIGS. 4B and 4C are partial cross-sectional views of one embodiment of the present invention illustrating phases of clamping apparatus installation, by way of example;
  • FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a band mount assembly that is employed with the radial clamp shown in FIG. 3;
  • FIG. 6 illustrates a second embodiment of a radial clamp in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a band mount assembly that is employed with the radial clamp shown in FIG. 6;
  • FIG. 8 is a bottom view of the band mount assembly shown in FIG. 7;
  • FIG. 9 is a side view illustrating a loop formed around two balls in preparation of forming an elongated rod described with reference to FIG. 4A;
  • FIG. 9A a side view illustrating an alternate embodiment of FIG. 9 with a double loop formed around two balls in preparation of forming an elongated rod described with reference to FIG. 4A;
  • FIG. 10 is a partial cross-sectional view detailing the elongated rod illustrated with reference to FIG. 4A;
  • FIG. 11 is an alternate embodiment of an elongated rod end portion; and
  • FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view illustrating use of the rod of FIG. 11 within a connecting insert member of a platform.

Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments

The present invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which preferred embodiments of the invention are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout.

As described earlier with reference to U. S. Patent No. 4,563,607 to Cooper et al. and assigned to the assignee of the present invention, improvements to techniques currently used are needed. A brief description of one technique known in the art will aid the reader in appreciating the improvements provided with the present invention. With reference first to FIG. 1, a top coil 10 and bottom coil 12 are disposed within slots 14 of stator iron core 16. The coils 10 and 12 are supported with a radial clamp 18, braces 20, brackets 22, rings 24, 26, 28, 30, and strain blocks 32. The radial clamp 18 is typically positioned in the mid-involute region between the axial extreme of the end winding and the core.

As illustrated with reference to FIG. 2, the support blocks 34 and 36 are located radially above and below a respective pair of end turns so that one support block 34 bears against two bottom coils 12a and 12b and the other support block 36 bears against two top coils 10a and 10b. Each one of the support blocks 34 and 36 is spaced from an adjacent coil by a layer 38 of conformable material. An upper pin 40 is disposed across support block 36 transverse to the direction in which the coils run and a relative lower pin 42 is similarly disposed across support block 34. A tensioned banding loop 44 is disposed in a continuous loop around the pins 40 and 42 on each side of the coils so that the banding loop 44 bears against the pins which, in turn, bear against their adjacent support blocks and coils. A shim 46 is disposed between the pin 40 and the support block 36. Spring members 48 and support washers 50 are disposed between the lower pin 42 and support block 34.

As earlier described, and with reference again to FIG. 2, the pins 40 and 42 are adapted to turn and twist the banding loop 44 to take in excess slack in the banding loop, thereby, tightening the banding loop 44 between the coils 10 and 12. Resin dispersed within the banding loop 44 is then cured, typically by hot air flowing over the banding loop. After the banding loop 44 is positioned and cured, a device, such as a hydraulic jack, is used to pull at least one of the pins radially away from the coils, thereby, stretching and inducing a tension on the banding loop 44. Subsequently, the shims 46 are placed between the upper pin 40 and support block 36 so that the banding loop 44 remains in tension upon the release of the hydraulic jack.

Referring now to FIG. 3, one preferred embodiment of the present invention includes a preload system 52 for preloading a top or first coil end winding 54 and a bottom or second coil winding 56 of a stator iron core 58 is shown. The top coil 54 and bottom coil 56 are disposed within slots 60 defined by the stator iron core 58. The coils 54 and 56 are secured by a clamping apparatus, the clamping apparatus 62 in accordance with the present invention. With regard to the present invention, it is to be understood that use of terms such as upper, lower, top, bottom, and the like, by way of example, are relative terms and the structures and methods of the present invention are not limited by the convenient use of such relative terms.

As illustrated with reference to FIG. 4, one embodiment of the clamping apparatus 62 includes a top support block 64 which is positioned radially outside a respective pair of top coils 54. Preferably, bottom support blocks are not required as the prior art typically requires. The top support block 64 is spaced from an adjacent coil by a layer 68 of conformable material, such as polyester felt. The support block compresses the top coil 54 in an operating position. More particularly, the top support block 64 includes an aperture 70 which is adapted to receive an elongated rod, herein initially referred to as a precured radial band, 72 in accordance with the present invention therethrough to secure the coils 54 and 56 in an operating position. Preferably, the aperture 70 is substantially radially aligned in relation to the axis of the machine, a horizontal line in FIGS. 1 and 3. The support block 64 is made of materials that are typically nonconducting and non-magnetic, by way of example. The radial band 72 passes through the support block aperture 70. Strain blocks 74 may be positioned at various locations to provide support between the top coils 54 and bottom coils 56. The employment of strain blocks 74 is well known to those having ordinary skill in the art.

With reference again to FIG. 4, in one embodiment of the present invention the clamping apparatus 62 comprises an upper pin 76, the precured radial band 72, retaining platform 80, and connecting insert member 82 which is adapted to adjustably mate within the retaining platform. The upper pin 76 is adapted to be disposed across the top support block 64 transverse to the direction in which the top coil runs. A shim 78 is disposed between the upper pin 76 and the support block 64. The upper pin 76 preferably comprises a fiberglass material impregnated with an epoxy resin.

The precured radial band 72 has a first end 55 and a second end 86 which has a head portion 88 having a bulbous shape integrally formed thereon. The first end 55 of the radial band 72 is looped, and preferably formed, around the transversely placed upper pin 76 such that the second end 86 of the banding loop 72 can extend through the aperture 70 of the top support block 64. Preferably, the head portion 88 has a generally spherical shape of a size to enable the band 72 to be installed in existing windings. In is intended that the bulbous shaped head portion has a smaller girth than the looped first end 55.

As illustrated with reference to FIG. 5, the retaining platform 80 defines a bore 84 which has a substantially tapered cross-section. The bore 84 is adapted to adjustably receive the connecting insert member 82 which has a similar tapered cross-section as the bore 84. The connecting insert member 82 defines a through-hole 90 which is adapted to receive the bulbous shaped head portion 88 therein. The retaining platform is adapted to be positioned proximate the bottom coils 56. The connecting insert member 82 is adapted to be disassembled such that the head portion 88 can be easily received within the through-hole 90. Preferably, the connecting insert member 82 has two mating halves 92 which define the through-hole 90. The through-hole 90 has a first relatively large diameter portion 94 and a second relatively small diameter portion 96. Preferably, the first and second diameter portions 94, 96 are coaxial. A shoulder portion 98 is positioned between the first and second diameter portions 94, 96. The two-halves 92 of the connecting insert member 82 are adapted to be disassembled such that the bulbous head portion 88 of the elongated rod, the precured radial band 72 can be received in each half of the large diameter portion 94. In this arrangement, the bulbous head portion 88 of the banding loop 72 is maintained within the large diameter portion 94 and against the shoulder portion 98 with the remaining portion of the precured radial band 72 extending through the small diameter portion 96 towards the pin 76. Subsequently, the connecting insert member 82 is placed within the bore 84 such that the connecting insert member 82 anchors the head portion 88 of the radial band 72. Additionally, the head portion 88 is adapted to slightly rotate to adjust and align the band.

As illustrated with reference to FIG. 4A, another preferred embodiment of the present invention, a clamping apparatus 63 comprises a support block 64 positioned radially outside a top pair of parallel coil windings 54 positioned in a spaced relation and thus having a gap 57 therebetween. The support block 64 has an aperture 70 therethrough, the aperture 70 being aligned with the gap 57 between the top pair of coil windings 54, as earlier described with reference to FIG. 4. A top retaining platform 81 is positioned adjacent the support block 64 on a side opposing the top pair of coil windings 54 and extending thereacross. The reader is reminded that the use of such relative terms as top and bottom are presented herein for convenience in describing preferred embodiments of the present invention and that such words are generally interchangeable. The retaining platform 81 has a bore 85 extending therethrough and generally aligned with the aperture 70. As described earlier with reference to FIG. 4, and here with reference to FIG. 4A, the botton retaining platform 80 extends across the lower pair of parallel coil windings 56 positioned in a spaced relation thus having a gap 57 therebetween, and further in spaced relation with the top pair of coil windings 54. The bottom retaining platform 80 has the bore 84 extending therethrough. As a result, the top and bottom pairs of coil windings 54, 56 are sandwiched between the top and bottom retaining platforms 81, 80.

Continuing with reference to FIG. 4A, bottom and top connecting insert members 82, 83 are slidably carried within each bore 84, 85 respectively for the retaining platforms 80, 81. The connecting insert members 82, 83, each have a through-hole 90, 91 and means for admitting an elongated rod 73 into the through hole 90, 91. The rigid elongated rod 73 passes through the through-holes 90, 91 of the connecting insert members 82, 83. In this preferred embodiment, the elongated rod 72 has both ends as bulbous shaped ends 88, 89 dimensioned for passing through each bore 84, 85 of the retaining platforms 80, 81 while the through-holes 90, 91 of the connecting insert members 82, 83 respectively prevent passage of the bulbous shaped ends 88, 89 therethrough. Thus tension in the elongated rod 73 biases the top and bottom retaining platforms 80, 81 against the coil windings 54, 56 in a clamping arrangement thereof.

In a similar manner as described earlier with reference to FIGS. 4 and 5, each of said through-holes 90, 91 of the connecting insert members 82, 83 includes a first dimension 94 that permits passage of the bulbous ends 88, 89 therein and a second dimension 96 which prevents passage of the bulbous ends 88, 89 therethrough. As further illustrated with reference to FIG. 4A, the connecting insert members 82, 83 have a tapered cross-section that is adapted to be secured within the bore 84, 85 of the retaining platforms 80, 81 for adjusting a tension on said elongated rod 73 using the platform 81. Again, each of the connecting insert members 82, 83 comprises separable mating segments 92, wherein the separable mating segments 92 comprise two mating arcuate portions 92a, 92b defining the through-holes 90, 91.

Another embodiment of a retaining platform 100 and connecting insert member 102 is illustrated with reference to FIGS. 6-8. The retaining platform 100 defines a bore 103 which is preferably radially positioned in relation to the axis of the machine. The bore 103 is threaded to adjustably mate with the connecting insert member 102 which defines a through-hole 104. The connecting insert member 102 is adapted for disassembly such that the bulbous shaped head portion 88 can be received within the through-hole 104. Preferably, the connecting insert member 102 has two identical mating halves 106 which define the through-hole 104. The through-hole 104 has a first relatively large diameter portion 108 and a second relatively small diameter portion 110. Preferably, the first and second diameter portions are coaxial. A shoulder portion 112 is positioned between the first and second diameter portions 108 and 110. The connecting insert member is threaded within the retaining platform bore. Preferably, the retaining platform and connecting member are made of the same material that is employed to make the pin 76.

In this arrangement, the head portion 88 is maintained within the large diameter portion 108 and against the shoulder portion 112 with the remaining portion of the band 72 extending through the small diameter portion 110 towards the pin 76. With the head portion 88 maintained, the connecting insert 102 is threaded within the retaining platform bore 103 to achieve the desired band length. In this arrangement, the head portion 88 is adapted to slightly rotate to adjust and align the radial band. As illustrated with reference again to FIG. 8, two adjusting holes 114 are adapted to receive an adjusting tool to accommodate varying band lengths.

In operation, and by way of example, the precured radial band 72 described with reference to FIGS. 4 and 6, is preformed around the pin 76. The pin 76 is positioned against the top support block 64 with the second end 86 of the banding loop 72 extending through the support block aperture 70. The head portion 88 of the banding loop 72 is positioned in each half 92 of the connecting insert member 102, thereby, securing the head portion 88 against the shoulder portion 112 and within the large diameter portion 108 with the remaining portion of the banding loop 72 extending through the small diameter portion 110 towards the pin 76. In this arrangement, the connecting insert member 102 is placed within the bore 103 of the platform 100 such that the connecting insert member 102 anchors the head portion 88 of the banding loop 72. Additionally, the head portion 88 is adapted to slightly rotate to adjust and align the band.

By way of further example, and with reference to FIGS. 4B and 4C, installation of the clamping apparatus 63 earlier described with reference to FIG. 4A, the bulbous end 89 of the elongated rod 73 is fed through the gap 57 between coil windings 54 after having positioned the opposing end of the elongated rod 73 within the bottom retaining platform 80. As illustrated with reference again to FIG. 4B, the layers 68 and top support block 64 are positioned onto the coils 54. The top retaining platform 81 is positioned directly onto the top support block 64 while the elongated rod 73 is biased upward to hold the platform 80 in its place. With the top retaining platform 81 against the support block 64, there is sufficient room to insert the mating halves 92 into the bore 85 without interference from the bulbous end 89. Once the insert member 83 is in place, as illustrated with reference to FIG. 4C, a lifting tool is secured within lifting notches 79 as illustrated with arrows in FIG. 4C. The top retaining platform 81 is then lifted away from the top support block 64, placing the elongated rod 73 under tension, and further biasing the bottom retaining platform 80 against the bottom coils 56. Shims 78 are then inserted between the top retaining platform 81 and the top support block 64, as illustrated with reference again to FIG. 4A.

The bulbous end 88 of the radial band formed as an elongated rod 72 and the elongated rod 73 having both of its ends formed in a bulbous shape, as described with reference to FIG. 4A, are formed using a glass ball 120 illustrated with reference now to FIGS. 9, 9A, and10, by way of example.

The elongated rod 73 of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 4A is preferably formed using first and second glass balls 120, 121 carried within the opposing ends 122, 123 of a twisted fiberglass band 124 precured under tension for forming the rigid elongated fiberglass rod as described earlier as elongated rod 73, and as illustrated herein with reference to FIG. 10, by way of example. The elongated rod 73 is formed by wrapping a first band 126 a multiplicity of times for forming a continuous loop 128. Free ends of the loop 128 are tied as indicated by numerals 129 with reference again to FIG. 9. The first and second balls 120, 121 are positioned in a spaced relation within end portions of the loop 128. The first loop 128 is then twisted about an axis extending between the balls 120, 121 until the balls are fully engulfed within the band 126 and form a bulbous shape at each end as described earlier with reference to FIGS. 4A and 11. In a preferred embodiment, a second band 127 is formed and wrapped around the first loop 128 at right angle thereto for forming a second loop 130 and enclosing the balls 120, 121 therein, as illustrated with reference to FIG. 9A. The continuous bands 126, 128 having the balls 120, 121 therein are then twisted to form the elongated rod 73. In a preferred embodiment of the elongated rods 72, 73, the steps in forming the rod 72, 73 comprise providing a fiberglass tape impregnated and bonded with a resin, tensioning the twisted loops 126, 128, and curing the resin for forming a precured rigid elongated rod.

Preferably, the precured radial bands 72, 73 formed as the elongated rods, are made of conventional materials, such as a fiberglass material that is impregnated with a polyester, acrylic, or epoxy resin. The radial band 72, 73 is preferably formed in a fixture during a separate curing process which is performed outside of the generator. The preferred temperatures that are reached during the curing process range from 100° C to about 160° C depending upon the resin used. The time that these temperatures are maintained also depends upon the resin used. It is noted that lower temperatures will require a longer curing time while higher temperatures will require less time to cure the band. It is noted that the radial band 72 is cured or precured with the pin 76 in place prior to being installed in the coil windings.

One advantage of the present invention is that the precured radial band 72 and pin assembly, or the radial band 73 with two balls 120, 121 eliminates the curing of the banding in the winding. Another advantage is that the bulbous shaped head portion 88 on the radial band 72 enables a relatively quick and easy installation between the coils 54, 56.

In an alternative clamping arrangement and as illustrated with reference to FIG. 11, one elongated rod 132 includes a grooved rod end 134 with a groove 135 formed therein rather than a bulbous end as earlier described. In this embodiment, the connecting insert member 136 includes a bulge or flange 137 operating within the groove 135 to secure the rod within the connecting insert member, as illustrated with reference to FIG. 12. The connecting insert member 136 otherwise includes features as earlier described.

It is to be understood that even though numerous characteristics and advantages of the present invention have been set forth in the foregoing description, together with details of the structure and function of the invention, the disclosure is illustrative only, and changes may be made in detail, especially in matters of shape, size and arrangement of parts within the principles of the invention to the full extent indicated by the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Klemmvorrichtung (62), die mit einer dynamoelektrischen Maschine eingesetzt werden kann und dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass sie Folgendes umfasst:
    • eine Halteplattform (80) zur Verbindung mit Spulenwicklungen (54, 56), wobei durch die Halteplattform (80) eine Bohrung (84) ausgebildet ist;
    • ein Verbindungseinsatzglied (82), das zur einstellbaren Montage in der Bohrung (84) der Halteplattform (80) ausgeführt ist und aus trennbaren Passsegmenten (92) gebildet ist, die weiterhin ein Durchgangsloch (90) definieren; und
    • ein Radialband (72) mit mindestens einem Ende (86), das einen Kopfteil (88) mit vergrößerter Umfangsabmessung aufweist, der zur Aufnahme zwischen den trennbaren Passsegmenten (92) und im Durchgangsloch (90) zur Befestigung des Radialbands (72) am Verbindungseinsatzglied (82) ausgeführt ist.
  2. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 1, bei der das Verbindungseinsatzglied (82) in der Bohrung (84) der Halteplattform (80) verschraubbar aufgenommen und zur Einstellung darin ausgeführt ist.
  3. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der die Bohrung (84) der Halteplattform (80) einen allgemein konisch zulaufenden Querschnitt aufweist und das Verbindungseinsatzglied (82) einen allgemein konisch zulaufenden Querschnitt definiert, der zur einstellbaren Befestigung in der Bohrung (84) der Halteplattform (80) ausgeführt ist, so dass das Radialband (72) eingestellt werden kann.
  4. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, bei der das Radialband (72) aus vorgehärtetem und vorgespanntem Material hergestellt ist.
  5. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 1, 2, 3 oder 4, bei der das Radialband eine erste und eine zweite Kugel enthält, die in einander gegenüberliegenden Enden eines verdrehten Glasfaserbands, das zur Bildung eines starren, länglichen Glasfaserstabs unter Spannung vorgehärtet ist, getragen werden.
  6. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 1, 2, 3, 4 oder 5, weiterhin mit einem Stützblock (64) zur Erstreckung quer über ein erstes Paar in beabstandeter Beziehung angeordneter Spulenwicklungen, wobei durch den Stützblock (64) eine Öffnung (70) ausgebildet ist.
  7. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 oder 6, bei der das Verbindungseinsatzglied (82) trennbare Passsegmente umfasst.
  8. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 7, bei der die trennbaren Passsegmente zwei das Durchgangsloch (90) definierende Passhälftenteile umfassen.
  9. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 8, bei der das Durchgangsloch (90) des Verbindungseinsatzglieds (82) einen ersten und einen zweiten Durchmesser unterschiedlicher Abmessung aufweist.
  10. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 9, bei der die trennbaren Passsegmente (92) zwei bogenförmige Passteile (92a, 92b) umfassen, die das Durchgangsloch (90) definieren.
  11. Klemmvorrichtung (62) nach Anspruch 8, bei der das Durchgangsloch (90) des Verbindungseinsatzglieds (82) eine erste Abmessung (94), durch die das knollenförmige Ende passt, sowie eine zweite Abmessung (96), durch die das knollenförmige Ende nicht passt, aufweist.
  12. Klemmvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 oder 11, bei der die dynamoelektrische Maschine einen Statorkern (16) mit mehreren Schlitzen (140) darin enthält, wobei der Statorkern (160) mehrere obere Spulen (54) und untere Spulen (56) enthält, die in jedem der mehreren Schlitze (140) enthalten sind, wobei sich jede der mehreren oberen und unteren Spulen (54, 56) von einem Ende des Statorkerns (160) aus erstreckt.
  13. Aus einem Bandmaterial hergestelltes Radialband (72), das bei einer Radialklemme (62), die bei einer dynamoelektrischen Maschine eingesetzt werden kann, nützlich ist und Folgendes umfasst:
    • ein erstes Ende, das zur Umschlingung eines Querstiftes (76) ausgeführt ist; und
    • ein beabstandetes zweites Ende, das einen Kopfteil (88) mit einer vergrößerten Umfangsabmessung zur Aufnahme in einer Öffnung (90) enthält, wobei das beabstandete zweite Ende zur Aufnahme in trennbaren Passsegmenten (92) eines Verbindungseinsatzglieds (82) ausgeführt ist, so dass die Spannung des Radialbands (72) eingestellt werden kann.
  14. Verfahren zur Bildung eines ein Radialband einer Klemmvorrichtung (62) definierenden länglichen Stabs, bei dem man

    ein Band vielfach umwickelt, um eine durchgehende Schlinge zu bilden;

    eine erste und eine zweite Kugel in beabstandeter Beziehung in der Schlinge anordnet;

    die Schlinge um eine sich zwischen den Kugeln erstreckende Achse verdreht; und

    das Verdrehen weiterführt, bis die Kugeln vollkommen im Band vergraben sind und an jedem Ende eine Knollenform bilden.
  15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, bei dem man weiterhin:
    • ein mit Harz imprägniertes und verklebtes Glasfaserband bereitstellt;
    • die verdrehte Schlinge spannt; und
    • das Harz zur Bildung eines vorgehärteten starren länglichen Stabs aushärtet.
  16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14 oder 15, bei dem man bei dem Umwickeln ein erstes Band vielfach umwickelt, um eine erste durchgehende Schlinge zu bilden, und bei dem man weiterhin ein zweites Band vielfach umwickelt, um eine zweite durchgehende Schlinge zu bilden.
  17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 16, bei dem man beim Anordnen die erste und die zweite Kugel in der ersten durchgehenden Schlinge in beabstandeter Beziehung anordnet und die erste durchgehende Schlinge innerhalb der zweiten durchgehenden Schlinge in rechtwinkliger Ausrichtung zu dieser anordnet, wodurch die erste und die zweite Kugel darin angeordnet werden.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A clamping apparatus (62) that can be employed with a dynamo-electric machine, said clamping apparatus (62) being characterized by comprising:
    • a retaining platform (80) for coupling to coil windings (54,56), said retaining platform (80) having a bore (84) therethrough;
    • a connecting insert member (82) adapted to be adjustably mounted within said bore (84) of said retaining platform (80), said connecting insert member (82) formed from separable mating segments (92) further defining a through-hole (90); and
    • a radial band (72) at least one end (86) which has a head portion (88) having an enlarged girth dimension adapted to be received between said separable mating segments (92) and within said through-hole (90) for securing said radial band (72) to said connecting insert member (82).
  2. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 1, wherein the connecting insert member (82) is threadably received within said bore (84) of said retaining platform (80) and adapted to be adjusted therein.
  3. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein said bore (84) of said retaining platform (80) has a generally tapered cross-section, and said connecting insert member (82) defining a generally tapered cross-section that is adapted to be adjustably secured within said bare (84) of the retaining platform (80) such that said radial band (72) may be adjusted.
  4. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 1, 2, or 3, wherein said radial band (72) is formed from a precured and pretensioned material.
  5. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 1, 2, 3, or 4, wherein said radial band includes first and second balls carried within opposing ends of a twisted fiberglass band precured under tension for forming a rigid elongated fiberglass rod.
  6. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5, further comprising a support block (64) for extending across a first pair of coil windings positioned in a spaced relation, said support block (64) having an aperture (70) therethrough.
  7. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, wherein said connecting insert member (82) comprises separable mating segments.
  8. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 7, wherein the separable mating segments comprise two mating half portions defining the through-hole (90).
  9. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 8, wherein the through-hole (90) of said connecting insert member (82) includes first and second diameters of differing dimension.
  10. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 9, wherein the separable mating segments (92) comprise two mating arcuate portions (92a, 92b) defining the through-hole (90).
  11. The clamping apparatus (62) recited in claim 8, wherein the through-hole (90) of said connecting insert member (82) includes a first dimension (94) that permits passage of said bulbous end therein and second dimension (96) which prevents passage of said bulbous end therethrough.
  12. The clamping apparatus as defined in Claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, or 11, wherein the dynamo-electric 11 machine includes a stator core (16) with a plurality of slots (140) therein, said stator core (160) including a plurality of top coils (54) and bottom coils (56) contained within each of said plurality of slots (140), each of said plurality of top and bottom coils (54, 56) extending from an end of said stator core (160).
  13. A radial band (72) formed from a banding material, said radial band (72) useful with a radial clamp (62) that can be employed with a dynamo-electric machine, said radial band (72) comprising:
    • a first end adapted to be looped around a transverse pin (76), and
    • a spaced apart second end including a head portion (88) having an enlarged girth dimension for being captured within an aperture (90), said spaced apart second end being adapted to be received within separable mating segments (92) of a connecting insert member (82) such that tension of the radial band (72) can be adjusted.
  14. A method of forming an elongate rod defining a radial band of a clamping apparatus (62), the method comprising the steps of:
    • wrapping a band a multiplicity of times for forming a continuous loop;
    • positioning first and second balls in a spaced relation within the loop;
    • twisting the loop about an axis extending between the balls; and
    • continuing the twisting until said balls are fully engulfed within said band and form a bulbous shape at each end.
  15. A method recited in claim 14, further comprising the steps of:
    • providing a fiberglass tape impregnated and bonded with a resin;
    • tensioning the twisted loop; and
    • curing the resin for forming a precured rigid elongated rod.
  16. A method recited in claim 14 or 15, wherein said wrapping step comprises the step of wrapping a first band a multiplicity of times for forming a first continuous loop, and wherein the method further comprises wrapping a second band a multiplicity of times for forming a second continuous loop.
  17. A method as defined in Claim 16, wherein the step of placing includes placing the first and second balls in a spaced relation within the first continuous loop and placing the first continuous loop within and at a right angle orientation to the second continuous loop, thus placing the first and second balls therein.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Appareil de serrage (62) qui peut être employé dans une machine dynamo-électrique, l'appareil de serrage (62) étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend :
    • un plateau de retenue (80) destiné à être couplé à des enroulements de bobine (54, 56), le plateau de retenue (80) étant traversé par un alésage (84) ;
    • un élément de raccordement rapporté (82) conçu pour être monté de manière ajustable dans l'alésage (84) du plateau de retenue (80), l'élément de raccordement rapporté (82) étant formé de segments appariés séparés (92) définissant, en outre, un trou débouchant (90) ; et
    • une bande radiale (72) ayant au moins une extrémité (86) qui possède une partie de tête (88) comportant une circonférence de dimension agrandie conçue pour être reçue entre les segments appariés séparés (92) et dans le trou débouchant (90) pour fixer la bande radiale (72) sur l'élément de raccordement rapporté (82).
  2. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément de raccordement rapporté (82) est reçu et vissé dans l'alésage (84) du plateau de retenue (80), et est conçu pour y être ajusté.
  3. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel l'alésage (84) du plateau de retenue (80) a une section transversale généralement biseautée et l'élément de raccordement rapporté (82) définit une section transversale généralement biseautée, qui est conçue pour être fixée de manière ajustable dans l'alésage (84) du plateau de retenue (80) de façon que la bande radiale (72) puisse être ajustée.
  4. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel la bande radiale (72) est formée à partir d'un matériau prédurci et précontraint.
  5. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 1, 2, 3 ou 4, dans lequel la bande radiale comprend des première et deuxième boules portées dans des extrémités opposées dune bande torsadée en fibres de verre prédurcie sous tension afin de former une barre en fibres de verre allongée rigide.
  6. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 1, 2, 3, 4 ou 5, comprenant, en outre, un bloc de support (64) s'étendant en travers d'une première paire d'enroulements de bobine espacés l'un de l'autre, le bloc de support (64) étant traversé par une ouverture (70).
  7. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ou 6, dans lequel l'élément de raccordement rapporté (82) comprend des segments appariés séparés.
  8. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel les segments appariés séparés comprennent deux moitiés appariées définissant le trou débouchant (90).
  9. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le trou débouchant (90) de l'élément de raccordement rapporté (82) comprend des premier et deuxième diamètres de dimensions différentes.
  10. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les segments appariés séparés (92) comprennent deux parties arquées appariées (92a, 92b) définissant le trou débouchant (90).
  11. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le trou débouchant (90) de l'élément de raccordement rapporté (82) comprend une première dimension (94) qui permet le passage de l'extrémité renflée en son sein et une deuxième dimension (96) qui empêche le passage de l'extrémité renflée à travers.
  12. Appareil de serrage (62) selon la revendication 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ou 11, dans lequel la machine dynamo-électrique comprend un noyau de stator (16) comportant une pluralité de fentes (140) en son sein, le noyau de stator (160) comprenant une pluralité de bobines supérieures (54) et de bobines inférieures (56) disposées dans chaque fente de la pluralité de fentes (140), chacune des bobines de la pluralité de bobines supérieures et inférieures (54, 56) s'étendant depuis une extrémité du noyau de stator (160).
  13. Bande radiale (72) formée à partir d'un matériau d'attache, la bande radiale (72) étant utilisée avec un dispositif de serrage radial (62) qui peut être employé dans une machine dynamo-électrique, la bande radiale (72) comprenant:
    • une première extrémité conçue pour être enroulée en boucle autour d'une broche transversale (76) ; et
    • une deuxième extrémité à distance comprenant une partie de tête (88) comportant une circonférence de dimension agrandie devant être capturée dans une ouverture (90), la deuxième extrémité à distance étant conçe pour être reçue dans les segments appariés séparés (92) d'un élément de raccordement rapporté (82) afin que la tension de la bande radiale (72) puisse être ajustée.
  14. Procédé de formation d'une barre allongée définissant une bande radiale d'un appareil de serrage (62), le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :
    • enrouler une bande une pluralité de fois pour créer une boucle continue ;
    • positionner des première et deuxième boules espacées l'une de l'autre dans la boucle ;
    • torsader la boucle autour d'un axe s'étendant entre les boules ; et
    • continuer à la torsader jusqu'à ce que les boules soient complètement englobées dans la bande et créent une forme renflée à chaque extrémité.
  15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre les étapes consistant à:
    • prendre une bande en fibres de verre imprégnée et liée avec une résine;
    • tendre la boucle torsadée ; et
    • faire durcir la résine pour constituer une barre allongée rigide prédurcie.
  16. Procédé selon la revendication 14 ou 15, dans lequel l'étape d'enroulement comprend l'étape d'enroulement d'une première bande une pluralité de fois pour former une première boucle continue, et dans lequel le procédé comprend également l'enroulement d'une deuxième bande une pluralité de fois pour former une deuxième boucle continue.
  17. Procédé selon la revendication 16, dans lequel l'étape de mise en place comprend la mise en place des première et deuxième boules à distance l'une de l'autre dans la première boucle continue et la mise en place de la première boucle continue dans la deuxième boucle continue à angle droit par rapport à celle-ci, puis la mise en place des première et deuxième boules à l'intérieur.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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