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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1056755 23.01.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1056755
Titel FUNGIZIDE
Anmelder Aventis CropScience UK Ltd., Hauxton, Cambridge, GB
Erfinder DE'ATH, Norman John, Saffron Waldden, Essex CB10 1XL, GB;
KLOSTERMYER, John, D-65926 Frankfurt am Main, DE;
SCHIRRING, Albert, NL-9751 PE Haren, NL;
WEBB, Michael Alan, Saffron Walden, Essex CB10 1XL, GB;
BRIGGS, Geoffrey Gower, Saffron Walden, Essex CB10 1XL, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69904444
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 18.02.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999049588
WO-Anmeldetag 18.02.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/GB99/00338
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0099042468
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 26.08.1999
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 06.12.2000
EP date of grant 11.12.2002
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.01.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse C07F 9/142
IPC-Nebenklasse A01N 57/12   A01N 47/12   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a new compound having fungicidal activity.

It is known that certain salts of N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbamic acid propyl ester (US 4,108,885) and that certain salts of monoesters of phosphonic acids (GB 1 449 394) had fungicidal actions.

It is also known in COUCH H B ET AL: 'Synergistic and antagonistic interactions of fungicides against pythium aphanidermatum on perennial ryegrass' (Crop Protection, vol.10, n°5, October 1991, p.386-390) that fosetyl and propamocarb could be mixed. Patents GB 1 449 394 and FR 2 489 332 disclose with compositions based on monoesters of phosphonic acids and certain salts thereof.

In one aspect, the invention provides the compound, dimethyl-[3-(propoxycarbonylamino)propyl]ammonium O-ethylphosphonate,

having the structure

The compound of the invention has activity as a fungicide, especially against Phycomycete diseases of plants, e.g. vine downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola), various Phytophthora blights e.g. late tomato or potato blight (Phytophthora infestans), Pythium spp., Aphanomyces spp., Bremia spp., Perenospora spp. and Pseudoperenospora spp.

The invention thus also provides a method of combating fungi at a locus infested or liable to be infested therewith, which comprises applying to the locus the compound of formula I.

The invention also provides an agricultural composition comprising the compound of formula I in admixture with an agriculturally acceptable diluent or carrier.

The composition can comprise one or more additional active ingredients, for example compounds known to possess plant-growth regulant, herbicidal, fungicidal, insecticidal or acaricidal properties. Alternatively the compound of the invention can be used in sequence with the other active ingredient.

Fungicides with which the compound can be mixed include acylanilines, such as metalaxyl, oxadixyl, ofurace, benalaxyl and furalaxyl; cymoxanil; mancozeb; chlorothalonil; folpet; captan; famoxadone; fenamidone; spiroxamine; fluazinam; dimethomorph; strobilurins, such as kresoxim-methyl, azoxystrobin and trifloxystrobin, pyrimethanil, cyprodinil; mepanipyrim; and iprodione.

The names quoted for these compounds are the non-proprietary common names and the chemical structure can be found for example by reference to the "Pesticide Manual", eleventh edition, 1997, published by the British Crop Protection Council. Of the compounds whose common names are not mentioned in the Pesticide Manual the full chemical names are as follows:

trifloxystrobin -
methyl (E,E)-methoxyimino-{2-[1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)-ethylideneaminooxymethyl]phenyl}acetate
spiroxamine -
8-tert-butyl-1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-2-ylmethyl(ethyl)-(propyl)amine
fenamidone -
(S)-1-anilino-4-methyl-2-methylthio-4-phenylimidazolin-5-one

The composition of the invention may include for example a dispersing agent, emulsifying agent or wetting agent. Usually they are in the form of an aqueous concentrate.

The concentration of the active ingredient in the composition of the present invention, as applied to plants is preferably within the range of 0.0001 to 1.0 per cent by weight, especially 0.0001 to 0.01 per cent by weight. In a primary composition, the amount of active ingredient can vary widely and can be, for example, from 5 to 95 per cent by weight of the composition.

In the method of the invention the compound is generally applied to seeds, plants or their habitat. Thus, the compound can be applied directly to the soil before, at or after drilling so that the presence of active compound in the soil can control the growth of fungi which may attack seeds. When the soil is treated directly the active compound can be applied in any manner which allows it to be intimately mixed with the soil such as by spraying, by broadcasting a solid form of granules, or by applying the active ingredient at the same time as drilling by inserting it in the same drill as the seeds. A suitable application rate is within the range of from 5 to 1000 g per hectare, more preferably from 10 to 500 g per hectare.

Alternatively the active compound can be applied directly to the plant by, for example, spraying or dusting either at the time when the fungus has begun to appear on the plant or before the appearance of fungus as a protective measure. In both such cases the preferred mode of application is by foliar spraying. It is generally important to obtain good control of fungi in the early stages of plant growth as this is the time when the plant can be most severely damaged. The spray or dust can conveniently contain a pre- or post-emergence herbicide if this is thought necessary. Sometimes, it is practicable to treat the roots of a plant before or during planting, for example, by dipping the roots in a suitable liquid or solid composition. When the active compound is applied directly to the plant a suitable rate of application is from 0.025 to 5 kg per hectare, preferably from 0.05 to 1 kg per hectare.

The compounds of formula I may be obtained by reacting an amine of formula II

with ethyl hydrogen phosphonate.

This reaction can be carried out in aqueous solution

The invention is illustrated in the following Example.

Example 1

A solution of the sodium salt of ethyl hydrogen phosphonate (13.2 g in water (25 ml)) was added to a an aqueous solution of propyl 3-(dimethylamino)propylcarbamate hydrochloride (31.0 ml of concentration 722 g/l 0.1 moles). The solution was evaporated to dryness to leave an oil containing sodium chloride as a white solid. The crude product was triturated with dichloromethane (ca. 100 ml) and the insoluble white solid (sodium chloride) filtered off and washed with several portions of dichloromethane. The filtrates were combined and evaporated to leave the dimethyl-[3-(propoxycarbonylamino)propyl]ammonium O-ethylphosphonate, as a viscous colourless oil.

Nmr spectroscopy confirmed that the product was a salt by observation of the chemical shifts relative to propyl 3-(dimethylamino)propylcarbamate.

The starting material was prepared by alkaline hydrolysis of diethyl phosphite by a known procedure. See for example Synthesis 134, 1978.

Example 2

Aqueous solutions of the compound of Example 1 were sprayed at various concentrations onto vines to run off using a hand-sprayer. Plants were then inoculated by hand spraying with a spore suspension of 100,000 spores per ml of Plasmopara viticola. For the purposes of comparison the vines were sprayed also with the commercially available propamocarb hydrochloride.

Plants were assessed for degree of disease control compared with untreated plants.

The results are as follows: Treatment Rate (ppm) % Control Compound of invention 800 81.5 Compound of invention 400 27.6 propamocarb hydrochloride 800 14.6 propamocarb hydrochloride 400 4.2


Anspruch[de]
  1. Dimethyl[3-(propoxycarbonylamino)propyl]ammonium-Oethylphosphonat mit der Struktur:
  2. Fungizide Zusammensetzung, die eine Verbindung nach Anspruch 1 im Gemisch mit einem landwirtschaftlich akzeptablen Verdünnungsmittel oder Träger enthält.
  3. Fungizide Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 2, die einen oder mehrere aktive(n) Bestandteil(e) enthält, der/die Eigenschaften wie pflanzenwachstumsregulierende, herbizide, insektizide, akarizide oder fungizide Eigenschaften besitzt/besitzen.
  4. Verfahren zur Bekämpfung von Pflanzenschädlingen auf einer Örtlichkeit, die von diesen befallen ist oder gefährdet ist, von diesen befallen zu werden, bei dem auf die Örtlichkeit eine Verbindung nach Anspruch 1 ausgebracht wird.
  5. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, bei dem ein Amin der Formel:
    mit Ethylwasserstoffphosphonat umgesetzt wird.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Dimethyl[3-(propoxycarbonylamino)propyl]ammonium O-ethylphosphonate having the structure
  2. A fungicidal composition comprising a compound as claimed in claim 1 in admixture with an agriculturally acceptable diluent or carrier.
  3. A fungicidal composition as claimed in claim 2, comprising one or more active ingredients possessing properties such as plant-growth regulant, herbicidal, insecticidal, acaricidal or fungicidal properties.
  4. A method of combating plant pests at a locus infested or liable to be infested therewith, which comprises applying to the locus a compound as claimed in claim 1.
  5. A process for preparing a compound as claimed in claim 1 comprising reacting an amine of formula
    with ethyl hydrogen phosphonate.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. O-Ethylphosphonate de diméthyl[3-(propoxycarbonylamino)propyl]ammonium de structure
  2. Composition fongicide comprenant un composé selon la revendication 1 en mélange avec un diluant ou un support acceptable du point de vue agricole.
  3. Composition fongicide selon la revendication 2, comprenant un ou plusieurs ingrédients actifs possédant des propriétés telles que des propriétés régulatrices de la croissance des plantes, herbicides, insecticides, acaricides ou fongicides.
  4. Méthode de lutte contre des parasites de plantes en un site infesté ou susceptible d'être infesté par ceux-ci, lequel comprend l'application sur le site d'un composé selon la revendication 1.
  5. Procédé de préparation d'un composé selon la revendication 1, comprenant la réaction d'une amine de formule
    avec l'hydrogénophosphonate d'éthyle.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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