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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0935917 20.03.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0935917
Titel N-[3'-(1'-Chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamid enthaltende fungizide Zusammensetzungen
Anmelder Dow AgroSciences LLC, Indianapolis, Ind., US
Erfinder Young, David Hamilton, Ambler, Pennsylvania 19002, US;
Wilson, Willie Joe, Chalfont, Pennsylvania 18914, US;
Egan, Anne Ritchie, Fort Washington, Pennsylvania 19034, US;
Michelotti, Enrique Luis, Fort Washington, Pennsylvania 19034, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69811331
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 21.12.1998
EP-Aktenzeichen 983105388
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 18.08.1999
EP date of grant 12.02.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 20.03.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 37/20
IPC-Nebenklasse A01N 37/34   A01N 37/40   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to new fungicidal compositions and their use as a method for controlling phytopathogenic fungi on plants.

It is always desirable to improve products which can be used by growers in order to combat fungal diseases of crops, and in particular diseases caused by fungi in the class Oomycetes.

It is also always desirable to reduce the doses of chemical products spread into the environment to combat fungal attacks on crops, in particular by reducing the application doses of the products.

It is also always desirable to increase the number of antifungal products available to growers in order that they will find, among these products, the one which is best suited to the grower's specific use.

One objective of the invention is thus to provide novel fungicidal compositions which are useful against the problems outlined above.

Another objective of the invention is to propose novel fungicidal compositions which are useful in the preventive and curative treatment of diseases caused by fungi of the class Oomycetes.

Still another objective of the invention is to propose novel fungicidal compositions which are of improved efficacy against mildew and/or late blight caused by Oomycetes.

Yet another objective of the invention is to propose novel fungicidal compositions which are of improved efficacy against downy mildew in grapes and other crops and/or late blight in tomatoes and potatoes.

It has now been found that these objectives may be achieved, partly or totally, by means of the fungicidal compositions according to the present invention.

U.S. patents 5,304,572 and 5,677,333 disclose applying mixtures of the N-acetonylbenzamides disclosed therein with other fungicidal compounds. It has now been discovered that application of the N-acetonylbenzamides disclosed in these patents in combination with selected other fungicidal compounds provides unexpectedly high fungicidal activity and is effective in controlling phytopathogenic fungi at lower N-acetonylbenzamide dosage rates than those disclosed in the US 5,304,572 patent. Although US 5,677,333 discloses the use of N-acetonylbenzamides in combination with ethylene bisdithiocarbamates, cymoxanil and dimethomorph to provide unexpectedly high fungicidal activity, the synergistic combinations of this invention are not disclosed or suggested in that patent.

In a first embodiment of this invention, there is provided a composition comprising synergistic fungicidally effective amounts of

  • (a) N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide as a first fungicidally active compound;
  • (b) a second fungicidally active compound which is an acylalanine type fungicide selected from the group consisting of the R-enantiomer of metalaxyl, oxadixyl, ofurace and benataxyl; and
  • (c) an agronomically acceptable carrier.

In a second embodiment of this invention, there is provided a method for controlling phytopathogenic fungi on a plant comprising the application of a fungicidally effective amount of a composition comprising

  • (a) N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide as a first fungicidally active compound;
  • (b) a second fungicidally active compound which is an acylalanine type fungicide selected from the group consisting of the R-enantiomer of metalaxyl, oxadixyl, ofurace and berialaxyl; and
  • (c) an agronomically acceptable carrier to the plant seed, to the plant foliage or to the growth medium for the plant.

Optical enantiomers of the compounds of the present invention are possible due to the presence of an asymmetric carbon atom

It is known that many biologically active compounds have optical enantiomers, one of which is more active than the other. Similarly, for compounds used in the method of the present invention, the biological activity of one enantiomer may exceed that of the other enantiomer, as described in EP 0 816 330 A1, January 7, 1998.

The first fungicidally active compound is N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide,

Suitable compounds which function as the second fungicidally active compound are selected from the group consisting of the R-enantiomer of metalaxyl, oxadixyl, ofurace and benalaxyl.

The method of the present invention may optionally further comprise application of other compounds having biological activity, for example, additional fungicidally active compounds or compounds having herbicidal activity or insecticidal activity, to the plant seed, to the plant foliage or to the growth medium for the plant.

The method of the present invention is useful for the control of phytopathogenic fungi on crops and the first and second fungicidally active compounds may be applied as a soil fungicide, as a seed protectant, as a foliar fungicide or as a combination thereof. In a preferred embodiment, the first and second fungicidally active compounds are applied to a plant growth medium, to the plant seed or to plant foliage at dosage rates of from 2 parts by weight (pbw) to 90 pbw, more preferably from 5 pbw to 75 pbw, of the first fungicidally active compound per 100 pbw of the combined amount of first and second fungicidally active compounds and from 10 pbw to 98 pbw, more preferably from 25 pbw to 95 pbw, of the second fungicidally active compound per 100 pbw of the combined amount of first and second fungicidally active compounds.

As a soil fungicide, the first and second fungicidally active compositions can be incorporated in the soil or applied to the surface of the soil at a dosage rate of about 0.25 kg to 5 kg of the first fungicidally active compound and from 0.25 kg to 5 kg of the second fungicidally active compound per hectare.

As a seed protectant, the first and second fungicidally active compounds are coated on seed at a dosage rate of about 0.5 kilograms (kg) to 5 kg of the first fungicidally active compound and from 0.5 kg to 5 kg of the second fungicidally active compound per 100 kg seed.

As a foliar fungicide, the first and second fungicidally active compounds are applied to plant foliage at a dosage rate of from 0.01 kg per hectare to 5 kg per hectare of the first fungicidally active compound, and a dosage rate of from 0.01 kg per hectare to about 5 kg per hectare of the second fungicidally active compound. In a preferred embodiment, the first fungicidally active compound is applied to plant foliage at a dosage rate of from 0.05 kg per hectare to about 0.5 kg per hectare. In a preferred embodiment, the second fungicidally active compound is applied to plant foliage at a dosage rate of 0.05 kg per hectare to 2.0 kg per hectare. The first and second fungicidally active compounds can be applied to plant foliage as fungicidal sprays by methods commonly employed, such as conventional high-gallonage hydraulic sprays, low-gallonage sprays, air-blast, aerial sprays and dusts. While the dilution and rate of application will depend upon the type of equipment employed, the method and frequency of application desired and diseases to be controlled, the effective amount is typically from about 0.1 kg to about 5 kg, preferably 0.2 kg to 2.5 kg, of both the first and second active compounds per hectare.

The first and second fungicidally active compounds may be applied simultaneously or sequentially.

In a preferred embodiment, the first and second fungicidally active compounds are simultaneously applied to plant growth medium, the plant seed, plant foliage or a combination thereof as a composition comprising a mixture of the first fungicidally active compound and second fungicidally active compound. In the preferred embodiments, the mixture includes from 2 pbw to 90 pbw of a first fungicidally active compound and from 10 pbw to 98 pbw of a second fungicidally active compound per 100 pbw of the mixture.

In an alternative embodiment, the first and second fungicidally active compounds are applied sequentially to the plant seed, plant foliage or plant growth medium, with application of the second-applied compound following application of the first-applied compound by up to 72 hours. The compounds may be applied in either order: either the first fungicidally active compound followed by the second fungicidally active compound or, alternatively, as application of the second fungicidally active compound followed by the first fungicidally active compound.

The method of the present invention is useful in controlling certain phytopathogenic fungi, particularly fungi of the class Oomycetes, and provides high fungicidal activity and relatively low phytotoxicity. The method of the present invention is particularly effective in controlling Oomycete fungi of the genera Phytophthora, Plasmopara, Peronospora, Albugo and Pseudoperonospora, and even more particularly against the organisms of those genera that cause diseases such as late blight in tomatoes and potatoes and downy mildew in grapes, cucumbers and other crops, including, for example, Phytophthora infestans, Plasmopara viticola and Pseudoperonospora cubensis.

For each of the above disclosed purposes, the first and second fungicidally active compounds can be used in the technical or pure form as prepared, as solutions or as formulations. The compounds are usually taken up in a carrier or are formulated so as to render them suitable for subsequent use as fungicides. For example, the compounds can be formulated as wettable powders, dry powders, emulsifiable concentrates, dusts, granular formulations, aerosols, or flowable emulsion concentrates. In such formulations, the compounds are extended with a liquid or solid carrier and, when dried, suitable surfactants are incorporated. It is usually desirable, particularly in the case of foliar spray . formulations, to include adjuvants, such as wetting agents, spreading agents, dispersing agents, stickers, adhesives and the like in accordance with agricultural practices. Such adjuvants commonly used in the art can be found in McCutcheon's "Emulsifiers and Detergents", McCutcheon's "Emulsifiers and Detergents/Functional Materials" and McCutcheon's "Functional Materials" all published annually by McCutcheon Division of MC Publishing Company (New Jersey).

In general, the compositions utilized in this invention can be dissolved in appropriate solvents such as acetone, methanol, ethanol, dimethylformamide or dimethyl sulfoxide and such solutions extended with water. The concentrations of the combined first and second active compounds in the solution can vary from 1% to 90% with a preferred range being 5% to 50%.

For the preparation of emulsifiable concentrates, the compositions used in the invention can be dissolved in suitable organic solvents or a mixture of solvents, together with an emulsifying agent which permits dispersion of the first and second active compounds in water. The concentration of the combined first and second active compounds in emulsifiable concentrates is usually 10% to 90% and in flowable emulsion concentrates, this can be as high as 75%. Wettable powders suitable for spraying, can be prepared by admixing the composition with a finely divided solid, such as clays, inorganic silicates and carbonates, and silicas and incorporating wetting agents, sticking agents, and/or dispersing agents in such mixtures. The concentration of the combined first and second active compounds in such formulations is usually in the range of 20% to 98%, preferably 40% to 75%.

Dusts are prepared by mixing the composition of the present invention, or salts and complexes thereof, with finely divided inert solids which can be organic or inorganic in nature. Inert materials useful for this purpose include botanical flours, silicas, silicates, carbonates and clays. One convenient method of preparing a dust is to dilute a wettable powder with a finely divided carrier. Dust concentrations containing 20% to 80% of the combined first and second active compounds are commonly made and are subsequently diluted to 1% to 10% use concentration. The method of the present invention, wherein N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide and a selected second fungicidally active compound are applied to plant seed, plant foliage or to a plant growth medium, unexpectedly provides higher fungicidal activity than the same compounds used separately.

The results provided by the mixtures were compared with the predicted results that were calculated using the formula set forth by S.R. Colby in Weeds 1967, 15, 20-22 ("Colby's Formula") from the results obtained using each of the compounds individually. The predicted results are also provided in the following examples and tables. This examples, tables and experimental procedure are provided for guidance to the practitioner and are not meant to limit the scope of the invention which is defined by the claims.

Example 1: In Vitro Test to Control Phytophthora capsici Using N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide (Compound A) and the R-Enantiomer of Metalaxyl (Compound B)

Dilution series of Compounds A and B were prepared in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), and aliquots added to 25 ml of molten potato dextrose agar at 50°C to give the appropriate concentrations shown in the table below. Immediately after adding the compound(s), the molten agar was poured into 9-cm diameter petri plates and allowed to harden. The final concentration of DMSO in all plates was 0.5%. Control plates contained DMSO but neither compound. Plates were inoculated in the center with 1 µl of a suspension of Phytophthora capsici (ATCC 15399, obtainable from the American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A) zoospores containing 5 X 105 zoospores per milliliter. Three replicate plates were used for each treatment. Fungal colony diameters were measured after growth for 7 days at 25°C, and two measurements were taken from each plate. Inhibition of growth was calculated by comparing growth in the treatments with compound A and/or B with growth in the controls. Degree of inhibition (observed) is expressed as a percentage in Table 1 below. The predicted % inhibition in treatments containing both A and B was calculated using the Colby Formula. Control of Phytophthora capsici Compound A Concentration ppm Compound B Concentration ppm % Inhibition (Observed) % Inhibition (Predicted) 0 0.25 17.9 0 0.5 56.0 0 0.75 57.6 0.1 0 29.0 0.1 0.25 52.2 41.7 0.1 0.5 76.1 68.8 0.1 0.75 82.0 69.9

Example 2: In Vitro Test to Control Phytophthora capsici Using N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide (Compound A) and Oxadixyl (Compound C)

The experimental procedure and analysis were as described in Example 1 and the results presented in Table 2. Control of Phytophthora capsici Compound A Concentration ppm Compound C Concentration ppm % Inhibition (Observed) % Inhibition (Predicted) 0 6.25 30.3 0 12.5 41.3 0 25 50.8 0.1 0 30.3 0.1 6.25 68.9 51.4 0.1 12.5 71.3 59.1 0.1 25 95.2 65.7 0.2 0 39.3 0.2 6.25 83.6 57.7 0.2 12.5 94.5 64.4 0.2 25 90.8 70.1 0.3 0 51.8 0.3 6.25 100.0 66.4 0.3 12.5 100.0 71.7 0.3 25 96.6 76.3

Example 3: In Vitro Test to Control Phytophthora capsici Using N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide (Compound A) and Ofurace (Compound D)

The experimental procedure and analysis were as described in Example 1 and the results presented in Table 3. Control of Phytophthora capsici Compound A Concentration ppm Compound D Concentration ppm % Inhibition (Observed) % Inhibition (Predicted) 0 12.5 52.1 0 25 56.0 0.1 0 29.0 0.1 12.5 93.8 66.0 0.1 25 93.8 68.8 0.2 0 38.1 0.2 12.5 89.1 70.3 0.2 25 100.0 72.8 0.3 0 47.4 0.3 12.5 91.8 74.8 0.3 25 100.0 76.9

Example 4: In Vitro Test to Control Phytophthora capsici Using N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide (Compound A) and Benalaxyl (Compound E)

The experimental procedure and analysis were as described in Example 1 and the results presented in Table 4. Control of Phytophthora capsici Compound A Concentration ppm Compound E Concentration ppm % Inhibition (Observed) % Inhibition (Predicted) 0 20 46.6 0.1 0 34.7 0.1 20 97.6 65.1 0.2 0 44.5 0.2 20 100.0 70.4 0.3 0 49.4 0.3 20 99.3 73.0


Anspruch[de]
  1. Zusammensetzung, umfassend synergistisch fungizid wirksame Mengen von
    • (a) N-[3'-(1'-Chlor-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichlor-4-methylbenzamid als eine erste fungizid wirksame Verbindung;
    • (b) eine zweite fungizid wirksame Verbindung, welche ein Acylalanintyp-Fungizid ist, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus dem R-Enantiomer von Metalaxyl, Oxadixyl, Ofurace und Benalaxyl; und
    • (c) einen landwirtschaftlich verträglichen Träger.
  2. Verfahren zum Bekämpfen phytopathogener Pilze auf einer Pflanze, umfassend die Anwendung einer fungizid wirksamen Menge der Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1.
  3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, worin die phytopathogenen Pilze zu der Klasse Oomycetes gehören und von der Gattung Phytophtora, Plasmopara, Peronospora, Albugo oder Pseudoperonospora sind.
  4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, worin die Pflanze eine Kartoffelpflanze, eine Tomatenpflanze, eine Traubenpflanze oder eine Gurkenpflanze ist.
  5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, worin die Mengen der angewendeten ersten und zweiten fungizid wirksamen Verbindungen von 2 Teilen bezüglich des Gewichts bis 90 Teilen bezüglich des Gewichts der ersten fungizid wirksamen Verbindung und von 10 Teilen bezüglich des Gewichts bis 98 Teilen bezüglich des Gewichts der zweiten fungizid wirksamen Verbindung pro 100 Teilen bezüglich des Gewichts der kombinierten Menge der ersten und zweiten fungizid wirksamen Verbindungen umfassen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A composition comprising synergistic fungicidally effective amounts of
    • (a) N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-methyl-2'-oxopentan)]-3,5-dichloro-4-methylbenzamide as a first fungicidally active compound;
    • (b) a second fungicidally active compound which is an acylalanine type fungicide selected from the group consisting of the R-enantiomer of metalaxyl, oxadixyl, ofurace and berialaxyl; and
    • (c) an agronomically acceptable carrier.
  2. A method for controlling phytopathogenic fungi on a plant comprising the application of a fungicidally effective amount of the composition of claim 1.
  3. The method of claim 2 wherein the phytopathogenic fungi belong to the class Oomycetes and are of the genera Phytophthora, Plasmopara, Peromospora Albugo or Pseudoperonospora.
  4. The method of claim 2 wherein the plant is a potato plant, a tomato plant, a grape plant or a cucumber plant.
  5. The method of claim 2 wherein the amounts of the first and second fungicidally active compounds applied comprise from 2 parts by weight to 90 parts by weight of the first fungicidally active compound and from 10 parts by weight to 98 parts by weight of the second fungicidally active compound per 100 parts by weight of the combined amount of the first and second fungicidally active compounds.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Composition comprenant des quantités efficaces du point de vue de l'effet fongicide, agissant en synergie, de :
    • (a) N-[3'-(1'-chloro-3'-méthyl-2'-oxopentane)]-3,5-dichloro-4-méthylbenzamide en tant que premier composé actif comme fongicide,
    • (b) un second composé actif comme fongicide, qui est un fongicide du type acylalanine, choisi parmi l'énantiomère R de métalaxyl, l'oxadixyl, l'ofurace et le benalaxyl, et
    • (c) un support acceptable en agriculture.
  2. Procédé pour combattre des champignons phytopathogènes sur une plante, qui comprend l'application d'une quantité efficace du point de vue de l'effet fongicide, de la composition selon la revendication 1.
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les champignons phytopathogènes sont des champignons appartenant à la classe des oomycètes et au genre Phytophtora, Plasmopara, Peronospora, Albugo ou Pseudoperonospora.
  4. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la plante est un plant de pomme de terre, un plant de tomate, un plant de vigne ou un plant de concombre.
  5. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les quantités appliquées du premier composé actif comme fongicide et du second composé actif comme fongicide correspondent à deux parties en poids à 90 parties en poids du premier composé actif comme fongicide et à 10 parties en poids à 98 parties en poids du second composé actif comme fongicide pour 100 parties en poids des quantités combinées du premier composé actif comme fongicide et du second composé actif comme fongicide.






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