PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0772721 24.04.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0772721
Titel ZYLINDERSCHLOSS-/-SCHLÜSSELKOMBINATION MIT DAZUGEHÖRIGEM SCHLÜSSEL UND SCHLÜSSELROHLING
Anmelder Assa AB, Eskilstuna, SE
Erfinder WALLDEN, Lars, S-633 47 Eskilstuna, SE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69529989
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 26.07.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 959265810
WO-Anmeldetag 26.07.1995
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/SE95/00886
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0096003562
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 08.02.1996
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.05.1997
EP date of grant 19.03.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 24.04.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse E05B 15/08
IPC-Nebenklasse E05B 27/00   E05B 35/00   E05B 19/02   

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a cylinder lock/key combination of the kind defined in the preamble of Claim 1. The invention also relates to a key and to a key blank of the kind defined in the preambles of Claims 6 and 10, respectively.

Cylinder locks of the kind in which the key slot accommodates in the rotational centre of the lock plug an element which makes the insertion of a lock-picking tool difficult to achieve, and keys that are designed for use with such locks, are known for instance from DE-C-36 12 38 (Bergmann), DE-C-6 42 131 (Hermann Bode in Hannover), US-A-877,930 (Katzenberger) and FR-A-2,525,267 (Toutain).

One common drawback with these constructions is that if the tumbler pins housed in the cylinder and the plug need to be changed, for instance when re-coding the lock or because one or more tumblers have been damaged, this change cannot be effected conventionally in the actual place where the lock is fitted.

A slot-carried element of the aforesaid kind fitted axially in the key slot of the plug affords the advantage of making the insertion of a lock-picking tool into the key slot difficult. However, because of the difficulty in carrying out on-site tumbler changes with the aid of a tool of the kind referred to, this type of lock has been unsuccessful commercially, despite being difficult to pick.

A tumbler change often requires the use of a tool which can be passed through the plug from beneath. The tool is used to force the tumblers out of their respective chambers, so as to enable a new set of tumblers and associated springs to be inserted and the tumbler chambers in the cylinder closed.

The cylinder and the fitted plug is then ready to be fitted in place for continued use, optionally together with a new key if it has been found necessary to re-code the lock as a result of changing tumbler pins.

DE-C-217 799 (Hartmann) describes a padlock whose key includes a bore or recess whose profile can vary in accordance with the profile shape of a pin element provided in the lock and onto which the key is inserted. This pin element is non-rotatable and forms a key turning centre.

US-A-1,932,706 (Neer) describes a lock construction that includes a central key journalling centre having a round shape. The key code has the form of a screw-thread.

US-A-1,477,318 (Crass) describes a type of lock which includes a slot-carried element wherein the coding shall face downwards in order for the key to be inserted into the key opening in the plug. The key is thus profiled only in the actual inlet to the plug. The key does not lift the tumbler pins as it is inserted into the lock, and the lock is therefore of the lever tumbler kind, i.e. a lock in which the tumbler pins are not activated until the key is turned. The slot-carried element forms a bearing, i.e. a centre for rotation of the key. The preamble of the following Claim 1 includes features that are characteristic of this known lock.

In this lock, the slot-carried element referenced 16 in Figs. 2 and 5 forms a stop surface which supports the tumbler pins in the absence of a key in the lock. That part of the key which embraces the slot-carried element is thick and has a regular shape. This means that the lock can be easily picked by inserting a lock-picking tool into the keyhole in the absence of a key.

FR,A1,2 565 281 (Construzioni Italiane Serature Affini) describes a lock/key combination having the features stated in the preamble of claim 1, i.e. it is of a type where the blade part of the key is not turnable relative to or within the key slot. The key has in section a part formed as the figure "4" and the key slot has a corresponding configuration to receive the key. An axially extending wedge or strip portion ("nervure") of the plug fills a recessed part of the key blade and contributes to define part of the key slot. The pins are also recessed to receive part of the key blade including its bottom code with the intention to make the part of the pins actuated by the code unaccessible to a picking tool.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION

One object of the present invention is to provide a cylinder lock/key combination which includes a slot-carried element and which is an improvement on earlier known combinations, and with which the slot-carried element can be given a novel function, namely a function of enabling keys to be produced with very thin, curved and irregular profiled parts which make picking of the lock with a lock-picking tool difficult to accomplish.

Another object of the invention is to provide a cylinder lock/key combination which includes a slot-carried element which is able to coact with a tumbler pin replacement tool which can be used to remove all tumblers in the plug and the cylinder respectively after being inserted, despite the fact that the slot-carried element makes picking of the lock difficult to accomplish.

Another object of the invention is to provide a cylinder lock/key combination where the key has a novel and modified profiled shape.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

These and other objects are fulfilled by an inventive lock/key combination having the features set forth in the characterizing clause of Claim 1, and by the inventive key and key blank having the features set forth in the characterizing clause of claims 6 and 10 respectfully. There has been created a novel concept in the manufacture of lock and key combinations which is distinguished from the known technique in which the slot-carried element is located in the rotation centre of the plug and the key respectively and which does not normally rotate together with the plug, even though this is possible in accordance with the known technique, insomuch that

  • a) the slot-carried element is positioned excentrically and is removably fitted in the key slot, or keyhole, and accompanies its rotation;
  • b) the slot-carried element can thereby be given a different and novel function, namely the function of enabling the manufacture of keys that have very thin, curved and irregular profiled parts which make picking of the lock with a lock-picking tool difficult to accomplish;
  • c) illegal copying of a key is made difficult, among other things because conventional key blanks lack sufficient thickness to leave a sufficiently thick region of material on one or both sides of the slot-carried element after having formed the hole or the recess that receives the slot-carried element; and by the fact that
  • d) a pin-removal tool of conventional design can be used despite the presence of the slot-carried element.

It can also be mentioned in this regard that serious limitations are found with respect to the manufacture of conventional keys with regard to the profiled shape and thickness of the key blade. This limitation is related to the broach or drawing tool used to shape the key slot or the hole (bore).

The broach is weak so that no accuracy or precision can be maintained when part of the cross-section of the slot becomes too thin.

For instance, in practice no cross-sectional measurement of the key slot may be smaller than 0.8-1 mm, which is thought to be the thinnest section preferred.

The present invention eliminates this limitation with regard to producing the key slot in the plug and in producing a corresponding key blade profile.

Instead, the key slot can be made abnormally broad in the region of the spine or bottom edge of the key, which is a positive criterion with regard to the broaching tool. Application of the bore slot-carried element which coacts with the axial hole, bore or recess provided in the key enables relevant profiled parts of the key blade adjacent the hole or recess to be made unusually thin, which results in the aforesaid particular advantages afforded by the inventive lock/key combination without having serious consequences with regard to the use of a broach tool in connection with the key slot formed in the plug.

The fact that the slot-carried element can be removed from the plug after removing the lock cylinder from the lock housing facilitates the aforedescribed exchange of tumbler pins on the user site, for instance in conjunction with changing the code of the cylinder lock. At the same time, it is ensured that the slot-carried element cannot be removed, for instance by a person attempting to pick the lock.

In this regard, the slot-carried element is mounted excentrically on an end plate which is fitted removably to the plug.

An inventive cylinder lock/key combination preferred in practice in which the plug includes a row of tumbler pins whose axes in one starting position of plug rotation in which a tumbler dividing plane is formed between tumblers accommodated in the core and in the lock cylinder, lie in a symmetry plane through the centre of the plug is characterized in that an axially extending line through the slot-carried element and the centre region of the hole or recess lies on one side of said symmetry plane.

In other words, the excentrically located slot-carried element may be placed on one side of a symmetry plane that extends through the centre of the tumblers in that row of tumblers with which the coded surface of the key coacts and through the geometrical axis of the plug.

Although not necessary, the slot-carried element may be round. For instance, the slot-carried element may have a square, rectangular or polygonal cross-sectional shape as an alternative to a round shape. Furthermore, it lies within the concept of the invention to use a slot-carried element which has an irregular or asymmetric cross-sectional shape, even though this would lead to difficulties in providing the key with a hole of corresponding profiled shape.

It is preferred in practice that the slot-carried element has a diameter or largest thickness of between 1 and 3 mm. It is also preferred that the width of the key slot in the region of the spine or bottom of the key is of the order of 3-3.5 mm.

The walls that define the element-receiving hole or recess in the key may include projections and/or hollows which give the key a form that is difficult to copy.

It is best in practice for the key to include a round hole which receives the slot-carried element as the key is inserted into the key slot in the plug. The key blade of a key provided with such a hole will have the requisite stiffness, even though the walls defining the hole, or bore, are thin. This is therefore the preferred key design. However, it also lies within the concept of the invention to provide the key with a recess which extends along the key blade and in which the slot-carried element is received, instead of a hole. The function of the recess corresponds to the function of a hole, despite not being completely encased by material. This design reduces the stiffness of the key blade part, although this can be compensated for by producing the key from a more robust material, optionally a resilient material.

The slot-carried element extends suitably along a substantial part of the length of the slot.

The invention also relates to the key of a combination of the aforesaid kind. The main characteristic features of such a key are set forth in Claims 6-9. A key blank from which such a key can be produced is defined in Claim 10.

According to one preferred embodiment, the material that defines the hole is relatively thin, at least in parts, e.g. has a thickness of less than 1 mm, suitably less than 0.7 mm and preferably less than 0.5 mm.

It is not normally possible to produce a key-slot part whose thinness corresponds to a key-part that has a thickness of only 0.4 mm, for instance. As mentioned in the aforegoing, it is impossible in practice to produce these slot parts with a corresponding small thickness when using a broach. This problem is eliminated in a surprisingly simple manner when using a slot-carried element design in accordance with the invention. The relevant region of the key slot is broached with a tool of normal thickness or of a thickness larger than normal. Because of the presence of the slot-carried element, those parts of the key that embrace said element can be given said very small thickness.

It thus lies within the scope of the invention to give the key a more or less scrolled form which varies within wide limits, where certain parts of the scroll have very small thicknesses.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention will now be described in more detail with reference to exemplifying embodiments thereof and also with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

  • Fig. 1 is a perspective illustration of an inventive cylinder lock and associated key;
  • Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a dismountable end plate which is fitted on the cylinder of a cylinder lock according to Fig. 1 and which is provided with an excentrically mounted slot-carried element;
  • Fig. 3 is a partly cut-away front view of the cylinder lock shown in Fig. 1;
  • Figs. 4 and 5 are front views of alternative embodiments corresponding to Fig. 3, in which the slot-carried element is laterally offset and has a round and a square cross-sectional shape respectively;
  • Fig. 6 is a partially cut-away side view of a cylinder lock according to Fig. 4; and
  • Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a key blank from which the key shown in Fig. 1 can be made.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

A cylinder lock/key combination includes a lock cylinder 2, a plug 3 rotatably mounted in the cylinder, and an associated key 5.

The plug 3 includes a key slot 4 and a number of tumbler pins 6 which can be activated or shifted by the coding 5a on the key 5. Disposed in the key slot 4 along the whole of its length, or along a substantial part of its length, is an axially extending element 7, which may have a varying profile.

The key 5 also includes a grip part 5b and a coded blade part 5c, an axially extending part 5d, and a hole or bore 8 which extends along the part 5d and which receives the slot-carried element 7 as the key is inserted into the lock.

The slot-carried element 7 and the hole 8 in the key 5 are disposed excentrically in relation to the centre of the plug 3 and accompany rotational movement of the plug, aided by the key 5.

As shown in Fig. 2, the slot-carried element is mounted excentrically on an end plate 9 which can be attached removably to the cylinder 2. The slot-carried element can thus only be removed when dismantling the cylinder 2 from the lock housing 1.

In the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 and 3, the slot-carried element lies in a vertical symmetry plane through the lock cylinder. The element 7 is disposed excentrically in relation to the plug, i.e. the axis of said element 7 extends parallel with and above the centre line of the plug 3.

As shown in Fig. 4, the plug 3 has disposed therein a row of tumbler pins 6 whose axes lie in a symmetry plane of the plug centre when in the illustrated starting position of plug. Insertion of the key 5 therewith provides a tumbler pin parting plane between the upper tumbler pins in the plug 3 and the lower tumbler pins in the cylinder 2.

It will be seen from Figs. 4 and 5 that an axial line through the centre region of the slot-carried element 7 and the hole 8 lies on one side of said symmetry plane, i.e. the slot-carried element 7 extends parallel with the centre line of the plug but is offset laterally in relation thereto.

The material defining the hole 8 is thin, and in practice may have a thickness of about 0.4 mm.

In the case of the embodiments illustrated in Figs. 1-4, the slot-carried element 7 and the corresponding hole 8 in the key 5 are round. The slot-carried element may have a diameter of between 1 and 3 mm.

In the case of the Fig. 5 embodiment, the slot-carried element has a square cross-section. The thickness of said element may vary correspondingly, i.e. from between 1 and 3 mm.

As will be evident from the aforegoing, the profiled shape of the slot-carried element may vary within wide limits and the element may optionally have an asymmetrical or fully irregular shape.

The width of the key slot 4 in the region of the spine or bottom part 5e of the key may be 2.5 mm as a maximum, although the width is often smaller in practice, e.g. about 2 mm.

In the case of the embodiments illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, 4 and 6, in which the slot-carried element has a round cross-section, the axial hole 8 in the key 5 will suitably have a diameter which slightly exceeds the diameter of the element 7.

The blade or shank part 5c of the key in which the axial hole 8 is formed may have a more or less scrolled configuration, the thickness of these hole-defining parts being smaller than 0.5 mm, for instance 0.4 mm, as before mentioned.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a key blank 5' from which the key 5 shown in Fig. 1 can be produced. The key blank includes a grip part 5'b, a blade part 5'c a bottom or spine part 5'e and a part 5'd in which an axial hole 8 is provided for receiving a slot-carried element 7. The hole 8 is located excentrically in relation to the centre line of a plug 3 with which a key 5 produced from said blank is intended to coact. Top portion 5'a of blank 5' extends in the same plane as grip part 5'b.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Zylinderschloss/-schlüsselkombination, in welcher das Zylinderschloss (1) einen Schliesszylinder (2) aufweist, einen Stopfen (3), der drehbar in dem Zylinder (2) montiert ist und mit einem Schlüsselschlitz (4) versehen ist, eine Mehrzahl von Zuhaltstiften (6), welche durch einen Schlüsselcode (5a) aktiviert werden, wenn der Schlüssel (5) in dem Schlüsselschlitz (4) eingeführt ist, wobei der Schlüssel (5) ein Griffteil (5b) aufweist, ein codiertes Blattteil (5c) und einen axial sich erstreckenden vertieften Teil (5d) zum Drehen des Stopfens des Schlosses (1), welches von dem Typ ist, bei dem der Blattteil (5c) des Schlüssels (5) nicht drehbar ist relativ zu oder innerhalb des Schlitzes (4), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein stabartiges Element (7) sich axial in dem Schlüsselschlitz (4) erstreckt und entfernbar an dem Boden des Schlitzes befestigt ist, dass der axial sich erstreckende, vertiefte Teil (5d) ein axial sich erstreckendes Loch oder Vertiefung (8) aufweist, in welchem Loch oder Vertiefung das schlitztragende stabähnliche Element (7) aufgenommen ist, wenn der Schlüssel in dem Schloss eingeführt ist, und dass das stabähnliche, schlitztragende Element (7) und das Loch oder die Vertiefung (8) in dem Schlüssel (5) exzentrisch in Bezug auf die Mitte des Stopfens (3) angeordnet sind, so dass wenn der Schlüssel (5) gedreht wird, das schlitztragende Element (7) die rotatorische Bewegung, welche die schlüsselbetätigte Drehung des Stopfens initiiert, begleitet ohne ein Zentrum für diese rotatorische Bewegung zu bilden.
  2. Kombination nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das schlitztragende, stabähnliche Element (7) exzentrisch auf einer Endplatte (9) angeordnet ist, welche lösbar verbindbar ist an dem Stopfen.
  3. Kombination nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Stopfen (3) eine Reihe von Zuhaltstiften (6) aufweist, deren Achsen in einer Symmetrieebene durch die Mitte des Stopfens in einer Stabposition für die Stopfendrehung liegen, wo eine Zuhaltstifttrennebene zwischen dem Stopfen (3) und den Zuhaltstiften (6) gebildet wird, welche in dem Schlosszylinder (2) montiert sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine axiale Linie durch die Mittenregion des schlitztragenden Elementes (7) und des Loches oder der Vertiefung (8) auf einer Seite der Symmetrieebene liegt.
  4. Kombination nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das schlitztragende, stabähnliche Element (7) eine Dicke oder einen Durchmesser von zwischen 1 und 3 mm aufweist.
  5. Kombination nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Breite des Schlüsselschlitzes (4) in dem Bereich des Rücken- oder Bodenteils (5e) des Schlüssels höchstens 3-3,5 mm ist.
  6. Schlüssel für die Kombination nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Schlüssel aufweist einen Griffteil (5b), einen Blattteil (5c), der einen Code (5a) umfasst und einen axial sich erstreckenden vertieften Teil (5d), wobei mindestens ein oberer Abschnitt des Blattteils (5c), der mit dem Code (5a) versehen ist, sich in der gleichen Ebene wie der Griffteil (5b) erstreckt, wobei der vertiefte Teil (5d) zwischen dem oberen, teilweise codierten Abschnitt des Blattteils und einem unteren oder Rückabschnitt (5e) davon angeordnet ist und der vertiefte Teil (5d) ein Loch oder eine Vertiefung (8) definiert, welche sich von der äußeren Spitze des Blattteils (5d) entlang einem wesentlichen Abschnitt davon erstreckt, wobei das Loch oder die Vertiefung (8) eine geradlinige Achse aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die geradlinige Achse des Loches oder der Vertiefung (8) versetzt von der Ebene durch den Griffteil (5b) und dem teilweise codierten oberen Abschnitt des Blattteils (5c) ist und/oder versetzt zu einer Ebene im rechten Winkel zu der Ebene durch den vertieften Teil (5d) bei gleichem Abstand von dem Rücken oder Boden (5e) des Blattteils (5c) und einem inneren, uncodierten Oberabschnitt davon, benachbart zu dem Griffteil (5b).
  7. Schlüssel gemäß Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schlüsselteile, welche das Loch (8) umgeben oder definieren oder die Vertiefung mindestens teilweise dünner als 1 mm sind, geeigneterweise dünner als 0,7 mm und vorzugsweise dünner als 0,5 mm.
  8. Schlüssel nach Anspruch 7, wobei das Loch eine zylindrische Bohrung (8) ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Bohrungsdurchmesser größer als 1,5 mm ist, geeigneterweise 1,7 mm und vorzugsweise größer als 1,9 mm.
  9. Schlüssel nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Loch eine andere Form als rund aufweist.
  10. Rohling (5') zum Herstellen eines Schlüssels (5) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 10, aufweisend einen Griffteil (5'b) und einen Blattteil (5'c), wobei der Griffteil (5'b) planparallele Seitenoberflächen aufweist, wobei mindestens der obere Abschnitt (5'a) des Blattteils (5'c) sich in der gleichen Ebene wie der Griffteil (5'b) erstreckt, wobei der Blattteil zwischen dem oberen Abschnitt (5'a) und einem Boden- oder Rückenabschnitt (5'e) einen vertieften Teil (5'd) aufweist, der ein Loch oder eine Vertiefung (8) definiert, die sich von der äußeren Spitze des Blattteils (5'c) entlang einem wesentlichen Abschnitt davon erstreckt, wobei das Loch oder die Vertiefung (8) eine geradlinige Achse aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die geradlinige Achse des Loches oder der Vertiefung (8) von der Ebene durch den Griffteil (5'b) und den oberen Blattteil (5'a) versetzt ist und/oder versetzt ist von einer Ebene im rechten Winkel zu der Ebene durch den vertieften Teil (5'd) bei gleichem Abstand von seinem Rücken oder Boden (5'c) und seinem oberen Abschnitt (5'a).
Anspruch[en]
  1. A cylinder lock/key combination in which the cylinder lock (1) includes a lock cylinder (2), a plug (3) rotatably mounted in the cylinder (2) and provided with a key slot (4), a plurality of tumbler pins (6), which are activated by a key-code (5a) when the key (5) is inserted in the key-slot (4), said key (5) comprising a grip part (5b), a coded blade part (5c) and an axially extending recessed part (5d) for rotating the plug of the lock (1) which is of the type where the blade part (5c) of the key (5) is not turnable relative to or within the slot (4),

       characterized in

       that a rod-like element (7) extends axially in the key slot (4) and is removably secured to the slot's bottom,

       that the axially extending recessed part (5d) includes an axially extending hole or recess (8) in which hole or recess the slot-carried rod-like element (7) is received as the key is inserted into the lock, and

       that the rod-like slot-carried element (7) and the hole or recess (8) in the key (5) are disposed excentrically in relation to the centre of the plug (3), so that as the key (5) is turned the slot-carried element (7) accompanies the rotational movement initiated by the key-activated rotation of the plug without forming a centre for this rotary movement.
  2. The combination of Claim 1, characterized in that the slot-carried rod-like element (7) is disposed excentrically on an end plate (9) which is detachably connectable to the plug.
  3. The combination of Claim 1 or 2, wherein the plug (3) includes a row of tumbler pins (6) whose axes lie in a symmetry plane through the centre of the plug in a starting position for plug rotation, where a tumbler-pin parting plane is formed between the plug (3) and tumbler pins (6) mounted in the lock cylinder (2), characterized in that an axial line through the centre region of the slot-carried element (7) and the hole or recess (8) lies on one side of said symmetry plane.
  4. The combination of any of Claims 1-3, characterized in that the slot-carried rod-like element (7) has a thickness or diameter of between 1 and 3 mm.
  5. The combination of any of Claims 1-4, characterized in that the width of the key slot (4) in the region of the spine or bottom part (5e) of the key is at most 3-3.5 mm.
  6. A key to the combination of any of Claims 1-5, said key comprising a grip part (5b), a blade part (5c) including a code (5a) and an axially extending recessed part (5d), at least an upper portion of said blade part (5c) provided with said code (5a) extends in the same plane as said grip part (5b), said recessed part (5d) being situated between said upper partly coded portion of said blade part and a lower or spine portion (5e) thereof, and said recessed part (5d) defining a hole or recess (8) extending from the outer tip of said blade part (5d) along a substantial portion thereof, said hole or recess (8) having a rectilinear axis,

       characterized in

       that said rectilinear axis of said hole or recess (8) is offset from said plane through said grip part (5b) and said partly coded upper portion of said blade part (5c), and/or offset from a plane at right angles to said plane through said recessed part (5d) at equal distance from the spine or bottom (5e) of the blade part (5c) and an inner uncoded top portion thereof adjacent the grip part (5b).
  7. A key according to Claim 6, characterized in that the key parts that surround or define the hole (8) or said recess are at least in part thinner than 1 mm, suitably thinner than 0.7 mm and preferably thinner than 0.5 mm.
  8. A key according to Claim 7, wherein the hole is a circular bore (8), characterized in that the bore diameter is greater than 1.5 mm, suitably 1.7 mm and preferably greater than 1.9 mm.
  9. A key according to Claim 7, characterized in that the hole has a shape other than round.
  10. A blank (5') for producing a key (5) according to any one of Claims 7-10, comprising a grip part (5'b) and a blade part (5'c), said grip part (5'b) having plane parallel side surfaces, at least the upper portion (5'a) of said blade part (5'c) extending in the same plane as said grip part (5'b), said blade part between said upper portion (5'a) and a bottom or spine portion (5'e) having a recessed part (5'd) defining a hole or recess (8) extending from the outer tip of said blade part (5'c) along a substantial portion thereof, said hole or recess (8) having a rectilinear axis,

       characterized in

       that said rectilinear axis of said hole or recess (8) is offset from said plane through said grip part (5'b) and said upper blade part (5'a) and/or offset from a plane at right angles to said plane through said recessed part (5'd) at equal distance from its spine or bottom (5'c) and its said upper portion (5'a).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Combinaison serrure à cylindre / clé dans laquelle la serrure à cylindre (1) contient : un cylindre (2) de serrure, un barillet (3) monté avec liberté de rotation dans le cylindre (2) et muni d'un trou de serrure (4), une pluralité de goupilles de blocage (6) qu'on actionne par un profil de clé (5a) lorsque l'on introduit la clé (5) dans le trou de serrure (4), ladite clé (5) comprenant une partie de préhension (5b), une partie de lame profilée (5c) et une partie évidée (5d) s'étendant axialement, destinée à faire tourner le barillet de la serrure (1), et qui est du type où la partie de lame (5c) de la clé (5) ne peut pas tourner par rapport au, ou à l'intérieur du trou (4),

       caractérisée en ce que

       un élément en forme de tige (7) s'étend axialement dans le trou de serrure (4) et est fixé de manière amovible au fond du trou,

       la partie évidée (5d) s'étendant axialement comprend un trou ou creux (8) s'étendant axialement, trou ou creux dans lequel l'élément en forme de tige (7) porté par le trou de serrure est reçu lorsqu'on introduit la clé dans la serrure, et en ce que

       l'élément en forme de tige (7) et le trou ou creux (8) situé dans la clé (5) sont disposés de façon excentrée par rapport au centre du barillet (3), afin que, lorsqu'on toume la clé (5), l'élément en forme de tige (7) accompagne le mouvement de rotation initié par la rotation du barillet sous l'action de la clé, sans qu'il existe de centre de ce mouvement de rotation.
  2. Combinaison selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que l'élément en forme de tige (7) porté par le trou de serrure est disposé de façon excentrée sur une plaque (9) d'extrémité qui peut être fixée de manière amovible au barillet.
  3. Combinaison selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le barillet (3) comprend une rangée de goupilles de blocage (6) dont les axes se trouvent dans un plan de symétrie du barillet, dans une position de départ pour la rotation du barillet, où un plan de séparation de goupilles de blocage est formé entre le barillet (3) et les goupilles de blocage (6) montées dans le cylindre (2) de serrure, caractérisée en ce qu'une ligne axiale traversant la zone centrale de l'élément en forme de tige (7) porté par le trou de serrure et du trou ou creux (8) se trouve sur un côté dudit plan de symétrie.
  4. Combinaison selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisée en ce que l'élément en forme de tige (7) porté par le trou de serrure a une épaisseur ou un diamètre compris entre 1 et 3 mm.
  5. Combinaison selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, caractérisée en ce que la largeur du trou de serrure (4) dans la zone de la partie de dos ou de fond (5e) de la clé vaut, au plus, 3 à 3,5 mm.
  6. Clé pour la combinaison selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, ladite clé comprenant une partie de préhension (5b), une partie de lame (5c) qui comprend un profil (5a) et une partie évidée (5d) s'étendant axialement, au moins une partie supérieure de ladite partie de lame (5c) pourvue dudit profil (5a) s'étend dans le même plan que ladite partie de préhension (5b), ladite partie évidée (5d) étant située entre ladite partie supérieure partiellement taillée de ladite partie de lame et sa partie inférieure ou de dos (5e), et ladite partie évidée (5d) définissant un trou ou creux (8) s'étendant à partir de la pointe externe de ladite partie de lame (5c) le long d'une partie importante de celle-ci, ledit trou ou creux (8) ayant un axe rectiligne,

       caractérisée en ce que

       ledit axe rectiligne dudit trou ou creux (8) est décalé par rapport audit plan qui traverse ladite partie de préhension (5b) et ladite partie supérieure partiellement taillée de ladite partie de lame (5c), et/ou décalé par rapport à un plan situé à angles droits par rapport audit plan qui traverse ladite partie évidée (5d), à égale distance entre le dos ou le fond (5e) de la partie de lame (5c) et une partie intérieure non taillée du haut de celle-ci, adjacente à la partie de préhension (5b).
  7. Clé selon la revendication 6, caractérisée en ce que les parties de clé qui entourent ou qui définissent le trou (8) ou ledit creux sont, au moins en partie, plus fines qu'1 mm, de façon convenable, plus fines que 0,7 mm et de préférence plus fines que 0,5 mm.
  8. Clé selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle le trou est un perçage circulaire (8), caractérisé en ce que le diamètre du perçage est supérieur à 1,5 mm de façon convenable, de 1,7 mm et de préférence de 1,9 mm.
  9. Clé selon la revendication 7, caractérisée en ce que le trou a une forme autre que ronde.
  10. Clé vierge (5') destinée à produire une clé (5) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 10, comprenant une partie de préhension (5'b) et une partie de lame (5'c), ladite partie de préhension (5'b) ayant des surfaces latérales parallèles, au moins la partie supérieure (5'a) de ladite partie de lame (5'c) s'étendant dans le plan de la partie de préhension (5'b), ladite partie de lame, entre ladite partie supérieure (5'a) et une partie de fond ou de dos (5'e) ayant une partie évidée (5'd) définissant un trou ou creux (8) s'étendant à partir de la pointe externe de ladite partie de lame (5'c), le long d'une partie importante de celle-ci, ledit trou ou creux (8) ayant un axe rectiligne,

       caractérisée en ce que

       ledit axe rectiligne dudit trou ou creux (8) est décalé par rapport audit plan qui traverse ladite partie de préhension (5'b) et ladite partie supérieure (5'a) et/ou décalé par rapport à un plan situé à angles droits par rapport audit plan qui traverse ladite partie évidée (5'd), à égale distance entre son dos ou fond (5'e) et sa dite partie supérieure (5'a).






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