PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1295736 30.04.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1295736
Titel Kompass und Schneidkompass mit Ratschenmechanismus
Anmelder Olfa Corp., Osaka, JP
Erfinder Okada, Shoji, Sakai-shi, Osaka, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 23.09.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 022565972
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 26.03.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 30.04.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B43L 9/04
IPC-Nebenklasse B43L 9/20   B43L 9/16   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a compass provided with a ratchet mechanism. In particular, the present invention also relates to, not only a compass for drawing a circle, but also a compass-cutter for cutting a cloth in circular configuration, the compass-cutter being provided with a ratchet mechanism.

Fig. 1 shows an ordinary compass 10, which is used for drawing a circle on, for example, a drawing paper. The compass 10 comprises a pair of legs 11, 15 the open angle therebetween can be adjusted, and a manipulate portion 19 which is provided on a location where the legs 11 and 15 are interconnected. The leg 11 is provided with a needle 12 on its distal end, and the other leg 15 carries a pencil 16 on its distal end.

When a user draws a circle, the user pinches the manipulate portion 19 with fingers, and moves the pencil 16 along a circular path, with the needle 12 stuck on a drawing paper being the center of the circular path. During this operation, it may be difficult to draw up a complete circle with 360 degrees in single action without re-pinching the manipulate portion with fingers. Therefore, the user often re-pinches the manipulate portion on the midway before a complete circle, and thereafter finishes the circle. This action of re-pinch is cumbersome, and if this re-pinch action is poor, the user can not draw a precise circle, because of unintentional shift of the needle 12, for example.

On the other hand, if the user forcibly tries to draw up a complete circle with 360 degrees in single action, an excessive force would shift the needle 12 stuck on a drawing paper, and as a result, a precise circle could not be drawn.

The above disadvantage may be true, not only in a compass for drawing a circle, but also in a compass-cutter for cutting an object in circular configuration.

Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a compass and a compass-cutter, which can be smoothly manipulated with simple manipulating actions.

The present invention was completed in order to effectively solve the problems, and provide a compass and a compass-cutter as described below.

The feature of the present invention lies in that a manipulate portion of a compass comprises a ratchet mechanism. This feature can be applied not only to a compass for drawing a circle, but also to a compass-cutter for cutting an object in circular configuration. Note that an expression "drawing a circle" covers not only the fact to draw a circle with a pencil carried on one leg of a compass, but also the fact to draw a circle with a needle on metal surface.

Generally, the manipulate portion is intended for manipulated with fingers. But, when the compass is large sized, or when the object to be cut is hard, it may be preferable to manipulate the compass with a tool. In such the case, it is preferable that at least a part of the manipulate portion has a configuration adopted to be engaged with a tool.

Further, the manipulate portion comprising the ratchet mechanism can be constituted as a separated component from a body of the compass. In such the case, a commercially available tool (for example, a ratchet handle for socket wrench, and so on) can be used as the manipulate portion comprising the ratchet mechanism.

This and other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the preferred embodiments thereof with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  • Fig. 1 shows an elevation of a conventional compass for drawing a circle.
  • Fig. 2 shows a perspective view of a compass-cutter according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 3 shows a exploded perspective view of the compass-cutter in Fig. 2.
  • Fig. 4 shows a partially ruptured perspective view of the compass-cutter in Fig. 2.
  • Fig. 5 shows a modification wherein the manipulate portion has a hexagonal head adopted to be engaged with a spanner.
  • Fig. 6 shows a perspective view of another embodiment wherein the compass body and the ratchet mechanism are separated.
  • Fig. 7 shows a perspective view of another embodiment wherein a rotary blade is employed.
  • Fig. 8 shows a perspective view of another embodiment wherein the present invention is applied to a compass for drawing a circle.
  • Fig. 9 is a diagrammatic view explaining the principle of another ratchet mechanism which can be employed in the present invention.
  • Fig. 10 is a perspective view showing another embodiment of the present invention, wherein the manipulate portion of the compass-cutter can be always located at the intermediate position between the rotation center and the blade.
  • Fig. 11 is an explanatory view showing a modification to the compass-cutter to that shown in Fig. 10.
  • Fig. 12 is an explanatory view showing another modification to the compass-cutter to that shown in Fig. 10.
  • Fig. 13 is a perspective view showing another example of the manipulate portion of the compass-cutter.
  • Fig. 14 is a perspective view showing still another example of the manipulate portion of the compass-cutter.

The embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below, with reference to the accompanying drawings. Figs, 2 to 4 show a compass-cutter 20 according to an embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 shows a whole perspective view, Fig. 3 shows an exploded perspective view, and Fig. 4 shows a partially ruptured perspective view.

The compass-cutter 20 is used for cutting a paper or a cloth in circular configuration. In use, a user sticks the needle 61 at the center of a circle, and pinches a manipulate portion 30 with fingers so as to move a blade 81 along a circular path. The manipulate portion 30 is provided with a ratchet mechanism (one-way clutch) therein.

The ratchet mechanism means what transmits a rotational driving force only in one direction, and the ratchet mechanism itself is known. As specific constructions of the ratchet mechanism, a variety ones are known, and therefore, in the present invention, the specific construction of the ratchet mechanism is not limited to particular one. Figs. 3 and 4 are intended to show an example of the ratchet mechanism.

(CONSTRUCTION OF A RATCHET MECHANISM)

At the upper side of a compass body 50, the first cylindrical member 34 is fixed, so that the compass body 50 and the first cylindrical member 34 can not be relatively rotated. The first cylindrical member 34 is provided with teeth at its upper end.

In Fig. 3, a member 33 located at upper side of the first cylindrical member 34 comprises an upper square column 33a and a lower second cylindrical member 33b, the column 33a and the member 33b being integrally formed. The member 33 is inserted in the body 31 of the manipulate portion with a spring 32 located therebetween. In Fig. 4, showing an assembled condition, the member 33 is forced downwardly toward the first cylindrical member 34. In this condition, teeth formed at lower end of the second cylindrical member 33b are just fitted with the teeth formed at upper end of the first cylindrical member 34 (refer to Fig. 4).

The member 33 is connected to the body 31 of the manipulate portion, at its square column 33a, and therefore, the member 33 can not be rotated relatively to the body 31 of the manipulate portion. But, in axial direction, the member 33 can slide relatively to the body 31 of the manipulate portion.

Note that, if a relatively heavy member is employed as the member 33, the spring 32 can be omitted. In Fig. 3, force of the spring 32 pushes the member 33 downwardly toward the first cylindrical member 34. But, if the member 33 itself is relatively heavy, the member 33 would be pressed against the first cylindrical member 34 with self-respect.

(FUNCTION OF RATCHET MECHANISM)

The ratchet mechanism is constituted as above. Thus, when the manipulate portion 30 is rotated in the direction of "A" in Fig. 4, both of the teeth formed on the first cylindrical member 34 and on the second cylindrical member 33b are engaged, so that the blade also rotates in the same direction. On the other hand, when the manipulate portion 30 is rotated in the direction of "B" in Fig. 4, the teeth are not engaged and the members 34 and 33b are skidding to each other. Thus, the blade 81 keeps a constant location.

Therefore, firstly, pinching the manipulate portion 30 with fingers to rotate the manipulate portion 30 in the direction of "A", so as to cut a paper (or cloth) with the blade 81; when the cutting operation proceeds to some extent, then returning back the manipulate portion 30 with skidding in the direction of "B" (at this time, the blade 81 keeps a constant location); again, pinching the manipulate portion 30 with fingers to rotate the manipulate portion 30 in the direction of "A", to proceed the cutting. Repeating the above procedures, the user can smoothly rotate the blade at 360 degree with simple hand actions and without immoderate hand action. Moreover, there is no need for re-pinching the manipulate portion 30 during the cutting operation.

(OTHER MECHANISM OF THE COMPASS-CUTTER 20)

The remarkable construction and function of the compass-cutter 20 according to the present invention are described as above, and the other matters are generally well known. Thus, the summarized explanations are made below.

The blade 81 is mounted at one end of a horizontal bar 70 via a mount plate 80. A screw member 82 is intended for exchanging the blade 81 with another blade. The horizontal bar 70 is carried on the compass body 50 so as to slide in horizontal direction. The interval between the needle 61 and the blade 81 (namely, the radius of circle) can be adjusted with a bolt 52 and screw member 51. The horizontal bar 70 bears a scale 71 for indicating the interval.

The needle 61 is located co-axially with the manipulate portion 30, and is fix to lower side of the compass body 50 via a shaft member 60.

(A MODIFICATION OF THE MANIPULATE PORTION)

In Fig. 5, there is shown a modification of the compass-cutter 20 described before. In this modification, the head 31a of the body 31 of the manipulate portion is formed in hexagonal configuration. As to the other constructions, the modification has the same ones as those of the compass-cutter 20, and a ratchet mechanism is enclosed in the manipulate portion 30.

The hexagonal head 31a of the body 31 is to be engaged with a spanner 100. That is, the compass-cutter in Fig. 5 is not intended for using with directly pinching the manipulate portion with fingers, but is intended for using with the spanner 100. Such the modification is effective, when the object to be cut is hard, or the radius of circle is large.

In the shown modification, the head 31a is made hexagonal so as to be engaged with the spanner 100. But, the configuration of the head does not need to be hexagonal, and any suitable configurations (for example, rectangular) can be employed as long as the configurations match with a tool to be used (spanner, monkey wrench, wrench, and so on). Further, the configuration can be provided at other location than the head of the body 31. For example, the circumferential wall of the body 31 can be partially cut out, so as to be engaged with a tool.

(AN EMBODIMENT WHEREIN THE COMPASS BODY AND THE RATCHET MECHANISM ARE SEPARATED)

In Fig. 6, there is shown an embodiment wherein the compass body and the ratchet mechanism are separated. This compass-cutter 120 comprises a compass body 150 carrying a blade, and a manipulate portion 130 provided with a ratchet mechanism. The manipulate portion 130 is detachably connected to the compass body 150.

In the compass-cutter 120, the cylindrical member 151 fixed at upper side of the compass body 150 is not provided with a ratchet mechanism, and alternatively, a square recess 152 is formed at the center of the cylindrical member 151. A ratchet mechanism is enclosed in the end portion 131 of the manipulate portion 130. From the end portion 131, a square protrusion extends downwardly to be engaged in the square recess 152, though the protrusion does not appear in Fig. 6. With the protrusion (not shown) being engaged in the square recess 152, a user manipulates the handle 132 to cut an object in circular configuration.

In the compass-cutter 120 shown in Fig. 6, a commercially available tool, such as a ratchet handle for socket wrench, can be employed as the manipulate portion 130, and can advantageously lower the manufacturing cost.

(OTHER EMBODIMENTS)

Figs 7 and 8 show other embodiments of the present invention. In the embodiment in Fig. 7, the blade 81 of the compass-cutter 20 in Fig. 2 is substituted with a rotary blade 85. The rotary blade 85 is suitable for thin objects to be cut, such as a cloth. In the embodiment in Fig.8, a ratchet mechanism is provided to a compass for drawing a circle, and therefore, the blade 81 of the compass-cutter 20 in Fig. 2 is substituted with a pencil 88, which is carried on a horizontal bar. Alternatively, substituting for the blade 81, a needle (not shown) can be carried on the horizontal bar, and then a circle can be drawn on a metal surface.

Both of the compass-cutter 220 in Fig. 7 and the compass 320 in Fig.8 are provided with a ratchet mechanism like that employed in the compass-cutter 20 in Fig. 2. Therefore, as a modification of the compass-cutter 220 or the compass 320, the configuration of the manipulate portion thereof can be one adopted to be engaged with a tool. Further, the compass body and the manipulate portion provided with the ratchet mechanism can be separated, like in the above-mentioned.

(ANOTHER RATCHET MECHANISM)

Next, with reference to Fig. 9, another example of a ratchet mechanism is explained. As described before, the word "ratchet mechanism" in the present invention means what transmits a rotational driving force only in one direction, and the specific construction of the ratchet mechanism is not limited to particular one. The mechanism shown in Fig. 9 is so-called a one-way clutch, and this also belongs to the "ratchet mechanism" in the present invention, because the one-way clutch transmits a rotational driving force only in one direction. Note that, the construction of this one-way clutch itself is also known.

Fig. 9 is a cross sectional view explaining the mechanism of the one-way clutch diagrammatically. A center shaft 500 and an outer sheath 600 are arranged co-axially. The outer sheath 600 corresponds to the body 31 of the manipulate portion in Fig. 3, and the center shaft 500 is fixed to the compass body 50 (refer to Fig. 3). When the outer sheath 600 (body of manipulate portion) is rotated in the direction of "B" in Fig. 9, the rotating driving force is transmitted to the center shaft 500 so as to rotate the compass. On the other hand, when the outer sheath 600 (body of manipulate portion) is rotated in the direction of "A" in Fig. 9, the rotating driving force is not transmitted to the center shaft 500, and thus the outer sheath 600 rotates with skidding. That is, the compass does not rotate and keeps a constant location. The principle thereof is as follows.

The outer sheath 600 carries a plurality of circular columns on its inner surface by means of a holding mechanism (not shown). Although three columns 501, 502, and 503 of them are only shown in Fig. 9, actually a lot of circular columns are arranged along the whole inner surface of the outer sheath 600. Each of the circular columns is held in the gap between the center shaft 500 and the outer sheath 600, with its longitudinal axis being parallel to the axes of the center shaft 500 and the outer sheath 600.

As partially enlarged in Fig. 9, on the inner surface of the outer sheath 600, there is formed many recesses, each of which receives the individual circular column. Each of the recesses comprises a gentle first slope 601a, 602a, 603a and a steep second slope 601b, 602b, 603b. Each of the circular columns 501, 502, 503 is forced in the direction "A" by a spring (not shown and held at the outer sheath 600).

When the outer sheath 600 is rotated in the same direction (the arrow "A") as the direction to which the urging force of the spring is applied, the rotational torque applied to the outer sheath 600 is not transmitted to the center shaft 500, and therefore, the outer sheath 600 rotates with skidding. Each of the circular columns 501, 502, 503 follows the gentle first slope 601a, 602a, 603a under the urging force of the spring.

Contrary, when the outer sheath 600 is rotated in the counter direction (the arrow "B") to the direction to which the urging force of the spring is applied, each of the circular columns 501, 502, 503 is pressed against the gentle first slope 601a, 602a, 603a under the urging force of the spring. As a result, since the diameter of individual circular column is set larger than the gap between the center shaft 500 and the outer sheath 600, each of the circular columns 501, 502, 503 bites into the wedged-space between the gentle first slope and the outer surface of the center shaft 500, so that the rotational torque applied to the outer sheath 600 is transmitted, via the circular columns, to the center shaft 500, and therefore, the compass rotates.

(A COMPASS-CUTTER WHEREIN THE MANIPULATE PORTION CAN BE ALWAYS LOCATED AT INTERMEDIATE POSITION BETWEEN THE ROTATION CENTER AND THE BLADE)

Fig. 10 shows a compass-cutter according to another embodiment of the present invention. The manipulate portion 960 of this compass-cutter is provided with the same ratchet mechanism as that employed in the compass shown in Figs. 2 to 4, and is fixed to a compass body 950.

However, in the embodiment in Fig. 10, a needle 701 defining the rotation center of the compass is not fixed to the compass body 950, but is fixed to an distal end of a shaft member (first leg) 700. The shaft member extends downwardly from a slide member 750 which is separated from the compass body 950. With adjusting the screw members 951 and 751, both of the compass body 950 and the slide member 750 can slide along a horizontal bar (lateral bar) 900, and fixed at any position as desired. The mechanism therefor is the same as that employed in the embodiment in Fig. 3.

In the compass-cutter in Fig. 10, adjusting the locations of the compass body 950 and the slide member 750, the manipulate portion 960 can be always located at intermediate position between the rotation center (the position of the needle 701) and the blade 801, regardless of the interval length between the rotation center (the position of the needle 701) and the blade 801. Further, sliding in parallel the slide member 750 along the horizontal bar 900, the rotation radius of the blade 801 fixed to the mount plate (second leg) 800 can be adjusted, and the rotating plane of the blade 801 is always kept in parallel to the center axis of the needle 701.

Such the construction is particularly advantageous in a compass-cutter wherein a blade is utilized for cutting an object in circular configuration. This is explained below.

Suppose that a blade is set to one leg of a compass as shown in Fig. 1, in which the rotation radius is adjusted with an open angle between two legs 11 and 15. In that case, as the rotation radius changes, the angle between the rotating plane of the blade and the axis of the needle 12 also changes. This means that the relative angle of the rotating plane of the blade to the surface of the object to be cut (for example, a cloth) changes, and means that depending on the relative angle value (in other words, depending on the rotation radius), smooth cutting operation just along a desired cutting line may be prevented.

To the contrary, in the construction in Fig, 10 (also in Figs. 3 and 7), the rotating plane of the blade 801 can be always kept in parallel to the axis of the needle 701, regardless of the interval length between the rotation center (the position of the needle 701) and the blade 801. As a result, the rotating plane of the blade 801 can be always kept in a nearly right angle to the object to be cut, regardless of the rotation radius. Moreover, since the manipulate portion 960 can be always located at intermediate position between the rotation center (the position of the needle 701) and the blade 801, it is possible to deliver the pushing force transmitted from user's hand almost equally to the needle 701 and to the blade 801. This is true when the rotary blade 801 in Fig. 10 is substituted with the stationary blade 81 in Fig. 2.

As explained above, also with the compass-cutter constructed as shown in Fig. 10, cutting operation can be done smoothly with simple manipulating actions. It is to be noted that even in a compass-cutter without ratchet mechanism at its manipulate portion, the same advantage as that explained with reference to Fig. 10 can be achieved. For example, other than the ratchet mechanism, manipulate portions as shown in Figs. 13 and 14 can be employed.

(MANIPULATE PORTION in Fig. 13)

A rod 981 is stationary fixed to the compass-body 950. A treaded end portion 982 of the rod 981 passes through an opening 991 formed on an upper wall of a sheath 990, and a nut 983 is engaged with the treaded end portion 982. As a result, the sheath 990 is attached to the rod 981 so as to freely rotate in both directions.

When such the manipulate portion is employed, the cutting operation with the rotary blade 801 is to be conducted by revolving use's hand holding the sheath 990 around the needle 701. In this construction, there are brought some merits, that is, the cutting operation can be conducted in both of left and right directions; the cutting operation can be easily conducted regardless of a left-handed user or a right-handed user; and the manipulate portion can be simplified compared as the embodiment employing the ratchet mechanism.

Note that in the case of the manipulate portion in Fig. 13, when the compass body 950 is fixed at the location near the blade 801, the cutting operation can be more easy,

(MANIPULATE PORTION in Fig. 14)

The manipulate portion comprises one rod 955, which is stationary fixed to the compass body 950. This construction is inferior to the construction in Fig. 13 in view of the easy operation, but brings a merit that the construction is further simplified.

In the compass-cutters in Figs. 13 and 14, of course, the rotary blade 801 can be substituted with the blade 81 such as shown in Fig. 2, or with the pencil 88 such as shown in Fig. 8.

(MECHANISM FOR POSITIONING THE MANIPULATE PORTION AT INTERMEDIATE POSITION BETWEEN THE ROTATION CENTER AND THE BLADE)

In Figs. 10 and 11, modifications to the compass-cutter in Fig. 10 are shown. Both of the modifications are provided with a mechanism, with which a user can easily locate the manipulate portion at intermediate position between the rotation center and the blade (center-positioning).

In the compass-cutter in Fig. 11, the center-positioning of the manipulate portion 960 can be done with utilizing springs 965 and 966. The springs 965 and 966 are accommodated in an elongated opening 901 which is formed along the longitudinal direction of a horizontal bar 900. One end 965a of the spring 965 (second spring) is fixed to the left end 901a (in Fig. 11) of the elongated opening, and the other end 965b is fixed to a fix pin 955 arranged on the compass body 950. On the other hand, one end 966a of the spring 966 (first spring) is fixed to the fix pin 955, and the other end 966b is fixed to a fix pin 755 arranged on the slide member 750.

Two springs 965 and 966 have the equal spring-rate. Thus, tightening the screw member 751 to fix the position of the slide member 750, while loosening the screw member 951 to allow the compass body 950 to slide freely, the manipulate portion 960 is automatically located at the intermediate position between the rotation center (the position of the needle 701) and the blade 801, under the urging force of the spring 965, 966. Finally, tightening the screw member 951 to fix the position of the compass body 950.

In the embodiment in Fig. 11, the mount plate (first leg) 800 is directly attached to the horizontal bar 900, and one end 965a of the spring 965 is connected directly to the horizontal bar itself. Thus, equivalently, the manipulate portion 960 and the mount plate 800 are connected via the spring 965. Note that the mount plate 800 may be made to be able to freely slide relative to the horizontal bar 900, and one end 965a of the spring 965 may be attached to such the mount plate 800, like in the embodiment in Fig. 12.

In the compass-cutter in Fig. 12, a screw member 970 is utilized to conduct the center-positioning of the manipulate portion 960. The screw member 970 comprises a center-located dial portion 971, a left screw 972 and a right screw 973, the screws 972 and 973 projecting opposite from the dial portion 971 co-axially. The screw member 970 is located in an elongated opening 902 formed along the longitudinal direction of the horizontal bar 900, and the dial portion 971 is exposed to outward through a slit formed on the compass body 950a.

The mount plate 800 carrying the blade 801 is fixed to a slide member 800a, and engaged with the left screw 972 via the slide member 800a. That is, the slide member 800a is provided with a threaded portion (not shown) therein, and this threaded portion is engaged with the left screw 972. On the other hand, the slide member 750a carrying the needle 701 is provided with a threaded portion (not shown) therein, and this threaded portion is engaged with the right screw 973.

Since the left screw 972 and the right screw 973 are equally leaded in counter direction, rotating the dial portion 971, exposed on the side wall of the compass body 950a, with finger make the blade 801 and the needle 701 separate away or approach to with each other, so as to always locate the manipulate portion 950 at the intermediate position therebetween.

Explained as above, in the compass-cutters in Figs. 11 and 12, the manipulate portion 960 can be positioned at the intermediate position between the rotation center and the blade can be secured, easily and securely.

The reader's attention is directed to all papers and documents which are filed concurrently with or previous to this specification in connection with this application and which are open to public inspection with this specification, and the contents of all such papers and documents are incorporated herein by reference.

All of the features disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), and/or all of the steps of any method or process so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations where at least some of such features and/or steps are mutually exclusive.

Each feature disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), may be replaced by alternative features serving the same, equivalent or similar purpose, unless expressly stated otherwise. Thus, unless expressly stated otherwise, each feature disclosed is one example only of a generic series of equivalent or similar features.

The invention is not restricted to the details of the foregoing embodiment(s). The invention extends to any novel one, or any novel combination, of the features disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), or to any novel one, or any novel combination, of the steps of any method or process so disclosed.


Anspruch[en]
  1. A compass having a manipulate portion for drawing a circle, characterized in that the manipulate portion comprises a ratchet mechanism.
  2. The compass of claim 1, characterized in that at least a part of the manipulate portion has a configuration adopted to be engaged with a tool.
  3. The compass of claim 1, characterized in that the manipulate portion comprising the ratchet mechanism is constituted so as to be separated from a body of the compass.
  4. A compass-cutter having a manipulate portion (30, 130) for cutting an object in circular configuration, characterized in that the manipulate portion comprises a ratchet mechanism.
  5. The compass-cutter of claim 4, characterized in that at least a part (31a) of the manipulate portion (30) has a configuration adopted to be engaged with a tool.
  6. The compass-cutter of claim 4, characterized in that the manipulate portion (130) comprising the ratchet mechanism is constituted so as to be separated from a body of the compass.
  7. The compass-cutter of any one of Claims 4 to 6, characterized in that the compass-cutter comprises:
    • a first leg (700) which carries a needle (701) defining a rotation center,
    • a second leg (800) which carries a blade (801) in a plane parallel to a longitudinal axis of the needle (701), and
    • a lateral bar (900) which supports the first leg (700) and the second leg (800) so that an interval length therebetween can be slidably adjusted, and
       wherein the manipulate portion (960) is slidably supported on the lateral bar (900) between the first leg (700) and the second leg (800).
  8. A compass-cutter for cutting an object in circular configuration, characterized in that the compass-cutter comprises:
    • a first leg (700) which carries a needle (701) defining a rotation center,
    • a second leg (800) which carries a blade (801) in a plane parallel to a longitudinal axis of the needle (701),
    • a lateral bar (900) which supports the first leg (700) and the second leg (800) so that an interval length therebetween can be slidably adjusted, and
    • a manipulate portion (960) which is slidably supported on the lateral bar (900) between the first leg (700) and the second leg (800).
  9. The compass-cutter of Claim 7 or 8, characterized in that:
    • the manipulate portion (960) and the first leg (700) are connected via a first spring (966), and the manipulate portion (960) and the second leg (800) are connected via a second spring (965),
    • the first spring (966) and the second spring (965) have substantially equal spring-rate, and thus,
    • fixing positions of the first leg and the second leg, while the manipulate portion (960) is made freely slide along the lateral bar (900), the manipulate portion (960) is urged to an intermediate position between the needle (701) carried on the first leg (700) and the blade (801) carried on the second leg (800).
  10. The compass-cutter of Claim 7 or 8, characterized in that:
    • the compass-cutter is provide with a screw member (970) comprising a center-located dial portion (971), a left screw (972) and a right screw (973), the screws (972) and (973) projecting opposite from the dial portion (971) co-axially,
    • the left screw (972) and the right screw (973) are equally leaded in counter direction,
    • the first leg (700) and the second leg (800) are engaged with one of the left screw (972) and the right screw (973), respectively, and thus,
    • rotating the dial portion (971) makes the needle (701) carried on the first leg (700) and the blade (801) carried on the second leg (800) separate away or approach to with each other, locating the manipulate portion (950) always at the intermediate position therebetween.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com