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Dokumentenidentifikation EP0826406 28.05.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0826406
Titel Sockel/Kartuschen-Befestigung und Arretierungssystem für Kraftstoffilter
Anmelder Stanadyne Corp., Windsor, Conn., US
Erfinder Janik, Leon P., Suffield, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69721154
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 20.08.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 971144019
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 04.03.1998
EP date of grant 23.04.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 28.05.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B01D 35/14

Beschreibung[en]
Background of the Invention

This invention relates generally to fuel filters employed in connection with internal combustion engines. More particularly, the present invention relates to fuel filters and lubricating oil filters having a replaceable cartridge for removing foreign particles and/or separating water from the fuel supply or oil system of an internal combustion engine.

Conventionally, fuel filters employ a disposable filter cartridge which is replaced at pre-established intervals of filter usage. In practice, the filter cartridge requirements may vary depending upon such characteristics as the type and make of the internal combustion engine, the specific application for which the engine is employed, the climate in which the combustion engine is operated, and/or regional characteristics as to the quality of the fuel supply. The filter cartridges which are suitable for replacement, thus commonly vary as to axial dimensions, capacity and filter media qualities.

One of the recurring problems in assuring quality fuel filter performance is encountered in connection with the replacement of the fuel cartridge. It is imperative that the replacement cartridge be compatible with the filtering requirements for the fuel system. Because for numerous types of qualities, the filter cartridge may dimensionally conform to the base of a given fuel filter assembly, replacement filter cartridges of inferior quality may not comply with the applicable specifications for a given fuel filter assembly and thereby jeopardize the integrity of the fuel filtering system. The replacement with an incompatible filter cartridge can have very serious consequences for the operation of the internal combustion engine and may also be unnecessarily more expensive than the less costly cartridges which are fully suitable. In practice, the owner of the vehicle and/or the maintenance technician servicing the internal combustion engine are frequently totally unaware of replacement cartridge specifications and requirements and unknowingly jeopardize the integrity of the filtering system by replacement with a wholly unsuitable cartridge even though the unsuitable cartridge at least cursorily visibly appears to be suitable. There are also, of course, instances where inferior or improper replacement filter cartridges are intentionally installed without the knowledge of the owner of the operator of the vehicle.

For many applications, it is also desirable that a cartridge be mounted to the base at a specific angular orientation so that warnings, directions and markings affixed to the cartridge may be properly positioned to ensure visibility and maximize the chances of successful information dissemination. For other applications, it is desirable that the cartridge be locked in position relative to the base such that the cartridge may not rotate with relation to the base.

Summary of the Invention

Briefly stated, the invention in a preferred form is a location and key system for locating and keying a replaceable filter cartridge to the filter base.

The filter system is of a type having a base with an inlet and an outlet connection with the engine fuel system and a replaceable filter cartridge mountable to the base. The replaceable cartridge includes a generally cylindrical housing which houses the fuel filter elements. At least one key or protrusion protrudes longitudinally from the bottom surface of the base. A corresponding dimple in the cartridge is dimensioned and located on the top surface of the cartridge for axially receiving each corresponding protrusion for locking the cartridge at a fixed angular position of the base.

A unique matrix of longitudinally protruding protrusions is formed on each base of a given type, and a unique matrix of dimples corresponding to the protrusions is formed in each cartridge. The protrusion/dimple matrices are configured so that for a given compatible cartridge and base, the protrusions are interlockable in the dimples to lock the cartridge at a fixed angular position of the base to thereby permit the cartridge to be securely mounted to the base. For non-compatible cartridges and bases, the base protrusions are not mateable and essentially interfere with the mounting and sealing of the non-compatible cartridge so that compatible and non-compatible cartridges may be readily identified.

It is known in a filter system to provide cooperating protrusions and recesses for controlling the replacement of the filter cartridge. However, the recesses are holes in the housing of the cartridges thus creating possible problems of fuel leaking out through these holes (EP 0 442 365 A2). It is also known to provide protrusions 100 a, 100 b, ... at the outer wall of the cartridge extending radially (EP 0 532 161 A1). It will be necessary to angularly align the cartridge with the base when inserting the cartridge of the base already at a relatively early stage of the insertion process. It will be easier to insert the cartridge of the inventive system because the self-locating action takes place only after the cartridge has been nearly completely inserted into the base. At the same time, because the dimples are closed, the disadvantage of recesses in form of holes is avoided.

An object of the invention is to provide a new and improved location and key system for a fuel filter system.

Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved replacement cartridge location and key system for efficiently controlling the replacement of the filter cartridge with a compatible replacement cartridge.

A further object of the invention is to provide a new and improved location and key system wherein the cartridge is mounted to the base in a pre-established fixed angular orientation.

A yet further object of the invention is to provide a new and improved location and key system for locking the cartridge to the base and thereby preventing rotation therebetween.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the drawings and specification.

Brief Description of the Drawing

The present invention may be better understood and its numerous objects and advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art by reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

  • Figure 1 is a sectional elevational view of a fuel filter assembly in accordance with the invention;
  • Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view, partly in schematic, of the fuel filter assembly of Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the filter base and filter cartridge of Figure 1 showing the filter cartridge partly disassembled from the filter base;
  • Figure 4 is an enlarged sectional view of Area A of the fuel filter assembly of Figure 2;
  • Figure 5 is an enlarged bottom plan view of the base portion of the fuel filter assembly of Figure 1;
  • Figure 6 is an enlarged perspective view of the base portion of the fuel filter assembly of Figure 1; and
  • Figures 7a, 7b and 7c are enlarged bottom plan views of the base portion of the fuel filter assembly of Figure 1 showing alternate embodiments of the protrusions.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment

With reference to the drawings wherein like numerals represent like parts throughout the several figures, a fuel filter assembly in accordance with the present invention is generally designated by the numeral 10. Fuel filter assembly 10 comprises a base 12 and a disposable filter cartridge 14. The base 12 is disposed generally above the disposable filter cartridge 14 which is locked to the base 12 by means of a retainer collar 16. Alternatively, the base and filter cartridge may be inverted wherein the filter cartridge is disposed above the base. The fuel filter assembly 10 is especially adapted for incorporation into the fuel supply system of an internal combustion engine (not illustrated), such as a diesel engine, for removing particulate matter from fuel and separating the water from the fuel. Filters of this type may also be used to filter impurities from oil in the lubricating system of an internal combustion engine.

The base 12 and the disposable cartridge 14 may assume a wide variety of configurations. For the disclosed embodiment, the base 12 is an inverted cup-like receptacle which forms a skirt 18 defining a lower receptacle cavity 20 for upper portions 22 of the disposable cartridge 14. An elongated sleeve-like first conduit 24 and an outer concentric sleeve-like second conduit 26 provide generally co-axial fluid communication between the base 12 and the disposable cartridge 14.

With reference to Figure 6, an inlet connector 28 at an upper side location of the base 12 connects with the fuel line (not illustrated) to ultimately provide fluid communication through the interior passageway defined by the first conduit 24. An outlet connector 30 at an upper side location of the base 12 connects with the fuel line to provide external fluid communication from the axial fluid conduit defined between the first and second conduits 24, 26. An integral projecting bracket 32 which may include a pair of openings 34 for anchoring the filter base 12 to the engine header extends transversely from the base 12. The base 12 may also have an external air vent 36.

The base 12 may include a pair of integral outwardly projecting diametrically opposed ramps 38 which ascend in spiral-like fashion around the base 12. The upper ends of the ramps 38 are beveled. The collar 16 includes a pair of diametrically disposed spiral followers (not shown) which integrally extend inwardly from the collar 16. The followers are dimensioned and positioned for engagement with the ramps 38 so that the followers slidably engage and ascend the ramps 38 upon alignment and angular rotation of the collar 16. The collar 16 includes an inwardly projecting annular shoulder 40 which engages the roll seam 42 of the cartridge 14 for releasably locking the cartridge 14 to the base 12.

With reference to Figures 1 and 2, a locking force is releasably maintained by the force of a spring 44 which is retained in an annular recess 46 in the base 12. The recess 46 is positioned adjacent the skirt 18 of the base 12. Some conventional filter assemblies include a spring for providing a locking force. Typically, such springs are positioned closer to the axis of the filter base/cartridge than the spring 44 of the subject invention. Springs 44 located closer to the periphery of the filter base/cartridge may provide greater stability than do springs located closer to the axis. In addition such location allows room for key/locating protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 (Figures 5, 7a-7c) that protrude downwardly from the lower receiving surface 50 of the base 12. A preferred embodiment is a wave spring having an upper surface 52 that abuts the surface of the recess 46 and a lower surface 54 that engages an annular ridge 56 on top portion 58 of the upper section 62 of the filter cartridge enclosure 60. The spring 44 functions to substantially uniformly distribute the load between the base 12 and the filter cartridge 14.

A key system is employed to angularly fix the direction of the cartridge 14 relative to the base 12, to provide a system wherein only a proper replacement cartridge 14 may replace the cartridge once the installed cartridge is spent, and to lock the cartridge 14 to the base 12 and thereby prevent rotation therebetween. In a preferred form, a plurality of longitudinally extending keys or protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 (Figures 5, 7a-7c) protrude from the bottom surface 50 of the base 12 intermediate the recess 46 and the second conduit 26. Preferably, the protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 are disposed substantially equidistantly between the second conduit 26 and the recess 46. The protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 are selectively dimensioned and positioned to provide a unique protrusion matrix for a given filter capacity, filtering quality or filtering parameter. The protrusions may have the shape of a spherical sector cap 48, a pie wedge-shape 86, a square-shape 88, a bead or bump 90, or other non-spherical shape, as shown in Figures 4, 5 and 7a-7c. Preferably, the protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 project at least 0.150 inches from the lower surface 50 of the base 12. For filter assemblies 10 which require a positioning and/or locking system but that do not require a key system, the protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 may be spaced substantially 120° apart, as shown in Figure 5 at 49.

With reference to Figures 1 and 2, the disposable filter cartridge 14 comprises a can-like enclosure 60 formed by a pair of opposed lower and upper cup-like sections 64, 62. The sections 62, 64 are joined along a circumferential roll seam 42. A sump 66 is formed at the bottom of the lower section 64 to collect water which coalesces from the fuel. The upper section 62, which is smaller in diameter than the lower section 64, is received by the base receptacle 20. The upper section 62 is dimensioned to be closely accommodated in the base receptacle 20. A central axial opening 68 in the upper section 62 is dimensioned to receive the conduits 24, 26. A sealing grommet 70 mounted at the opening 68 diametrally fluidically seals against the outer conduit 26.

The cartridge 14 may employ a dual stage filter assembly or a single stage assembly as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2. A filter element 72 which has a continuous fan-shaped pleated configuration is mounted in the enclosure 60. The lower end of the element 72 is engaged by a medial plate 74 having a central opening 76. A tubular conduit 78 extends upward from the medial plate 74. The tubular conduit 78 upper end defines a flange 80. A second sealing grommet 82 mounted to the flange 80 receives and diametrally seals against the lower end of the base first conduit 24.

The top portion 58 of the upper section 62 of the filter cartridge enclosure 60 has a longitudinally upward bend configuration which forms the annular ridge 56. Preferably, the ridge 56 is disposed along the circumference of the top portion 58. The top portion 58 further comprises a plurality of integrally formed dimples 84 disposed intermediate the annular ridge 56 and the central opening 68. The dimples 84 are relatively shallow depressions. The dimples 84 are complementary with the protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 and are dimensioned and positioned for receiving the protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90. In a preferred embodiment, the protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 are machined to ensure that the protrusions 48, 86, 88, 90 may be firmly seated in the dimples 84. In a preferred embodiment for the spherical sector cap protrusion 48, the radius R1 of each dimple 84 is greater than the radius R2 of each protrusion 48, (as shown in Figure 4) to ensure that each protrusion 48 may be firmly seated in the corresponding dimple 84.

It should be appreciated that the invention could also be implemented, perhaps less easily, if the top portion comprised a unique protrusion matrix and the base comprised complementary dimples. It should also be appreciated that the location and key system of the subject invention prevents rotation of the filter cartridge 14 relative to the filter base 12 due to vibration.

The fuel enters the fuel filter assembly 10 through the fuel inlet passage 28 and exits the filter through the outlet passage 30. It will be appreciated that the fuel flow path initially axially traverses through the interior of the inner conduit 24. The circulation path extends generally axially upwardly and generally radially through the filter element 72 with the return flow path traversing between the inner conduit 24 and the outer conduit 26.

The lower surface of the base may include one or more recesses which receive a protrusion formed in the top portion of the filter cartridge by the operating pressure of the fuel.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Filtersystem (10), das einen becher- oder schalenförmigen Grundteil (12), der eine Achse definiert und einen Einlaß (28), einen Auslaß (30), eine Schürze (18) und eine innere Oberfläche (50) aufweist, die innerhalb der Schürze und im wesentlichen entlang einer zu der Achse senkrechten Ebene angeordnet ist, eine Patrone (14), die an der Basis anbringbar ist und eine im wesentlichen zylindrische Umhüllung (60) zum Einschließen eines Filterelementes (72) zum Filtern von Fluid aufweist, das durch die Patrone hindurchgeht und einen Strömungsweg bildet, der mit dem Einlaß und dem Auslaß in Verbindung bringbar ist, wobei die Umhüllung einen Endbereich (58) aufweist, der innerhalb der Schürze angeordnet ist, und Haltemittel (16) aufweist, die mit der Patrone und dem Grundteil zum Halten der Patrone an dem Grundteil in Eingriff bringbar ist, wobei das Filtersystem weiter Schlüssel- oder Paßmittel aufweist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Schlüssel- oder Paßmittel wenigstens einen Schlüsselvorsprung (48), der in Längsrichtung integral von entweder der inneren Oberfläche des Grundteils oder dem Endbereich der Patrone vorsteht, und Aufnahmemittel (84) aufweist, um wenigstens eine Vertiefung als eine Aufnahme in dem anderen Teil von innerer Oberfläche des Grundteils oder Endbereich der Patrone zu bilden, wobei jede Aufnahme zum achsialen Aufnehmen eines entsprechenden Schlüsselvorsprungs zum Verriegeln der Patrone unter einer fester Winkelstellung des Grundteils bemessen und angeordnet ist.
  2. Filtersystem (10) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Vertiefung einen Radius R1 und der Vorsprung (48) einen Radius R2 hat, wobei R1 > R2 ist.
  3. Filtersystem (10) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die innere Oberfläche (50) eine ringförmige Ausnehmung (46) aufweist und das Filtersystem weiter Federmittel (44) aufweist, die wenigstens teilweise in der Ausnehmung angeordnet sind und mit der Patrone (14) in Eingriff bringbar sind, um die Patrone von dem Grundteil (12) weg vorzuspannen.
  4. Filtersystem (10) nach Anspruch 1 und 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Endbereich (58) eine sich in Längsrichtung erstreckende ringförmige Erhöhung (56) aufweist.
  5. Filtersystem (10) nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Patrone (14) eine Leitung (26) und der Endbereich (58) weiter die Aufnahmemittel (84) aufweist, wobei die Aufnahmemittel zwischen der Erhöhung (56) und der Leitung angeordnet sind.
  6. Filtersystem (10) nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Schlüsselmittel drei Schlüsselvorsprünge (48) aufweisen, wobei jeder der Schlüsselvorsprünge eine Mitte hat, wobei die Ebene, die durch die Mitte jedes Schlüsselvorsprungs und die Achse des Grundteils (12) definiert wird, im wesentlichen 120° von der Ebene beabstandet ist, die durch die Mitte des benachbarten Schlüsselvorsprungs und die Achse des Grundteils definiert wird.
  7. Filtersystem (10) nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jeder Schlüsselvorsprung (48) die Form eines sphärischen Sektorkappe hat.
  8. Filtersystem (10) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jeder Schlüsselvorsprung (86) die Form eines keilförmigen Tortenstücks hat.
  9. Filtersystem (10) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jeder Schlüsselvorsprung (88) die Form eines Quadrats hat.
  10. Filtersystem (10) nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jeder Schlüsselvorsprung (90) einen Wulst aufweist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A filter system (10) comprising a cup-shaped base (12) defining an axis and comprising an inlet (28), an outlet (30), a skirt (18) and an interior surface (50) located within said skirt and substantially along a plane perpendicular to said axis, a cartridge (14) mountable to said base comprising a generally cylindrical enclosure (60) for enclosing a filter element (72) for filtering fluid passing through said cartridge and defining a flow path communicable with said inlet and said outlet, said enclosure having an end portion (58) disposed within said skirt, and retaining means (16) engageable with said cartridge and said base for retaining said cartridge to said base, said filter system further comprising key means characterized in that the key means comprise at least one key (48) longitudinally integrally protruding from one of said interior surface of said base or said end portion of said cartridge and receptacle means (84) for defining at least one dimple as a receptacle in the other of said interior surface of said base or said end portion of said cartridge, each said receptacle being dimensioned and located for axially receiving a corresponding key for locking said cartridge at a fixed angular position of said base.
  2. The filter system (10) of claim 1 characterized by said dimple having a radius R1 and said protrusion (48) has a radius R2, wherein R1 > R2.
  3. The filter system (10) of claim 1 characterized by said interior surface (50) comprising an annular recess (46) and said filter system further comprising spring means (44) at least partially disposed in said recess and engageable with said cartridge (14) for biasing said cartridge away from said base (12).
  4. The filter system (10) of claims 1 and 3 characterized by said end portion (58) comprising a longitudinally extending annular ridge (56).
  5. The filter system (10) of claim 4 characterized by said cartridge (14) comprising a conduit (26) and said end portion (58) further comprising said receptacle means (84), said receptacle means being disposed intermediate said ridge (56) and said conduit.
  6. The filter system (10) of claims 1 through 5 characterized by said key means comprising three keys (48), each of said keys having a center, wherein the plane defined by the center of each key and the axis of the base (12) is substantially 120° from the plane defined by the center of each adjacent key and the axis of the base.
  7. The filter system (10) of claims 1 through 6 characterized by each key (48) having the shape of a spherical sector cap.
  8. The filter system (10) of claim 1 characterized by each key (86) having the shape of a pie wedge.
  9. The filter system (10) of claim 1 characterized by each key (88) having the shape of a square.
  10. The filter system (10) of claim 1 characterized by each key (90) comprising a bead.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Système de filtre (10), comprenant une base en forme de coupe (12) définissant un axe et comprenant un orifice d'admission (28), un orifice d'évacuation (30), une collerette (18) et une surface intérieure (50) située à l'intérieur de ladite collerette et sensiblement le long d'un plan perpendiculaire audit axe, une cartouche (14) pouvant être fixée à ladite base, comprenant un boîtier globalement cylindrique (60) destiné à contenir un élément de filtre (72) pour filtrer le fluide passant à travers ladite cartouche et définir une trajectoire d'écoulement pouvant communiquer avec ledit orifice d'admission et ledit orifice d'évacuation, ledit boîtier ayant une partie d'extrémité (58) disposée à l'intérieur de ladite collerette, et des moyens de retenue (16) pouvant venir en prise avec ladite cartouche et ladite base pour retenir ladite cartouche sur ladite base, ledit système de filtre comprenant en outre des moyens de calage, caractérisé en ce que les moyens de calage comprennent au moins une cale (48) faisant longitudinalement saillie d'un seul tenant à partir d'un élément parmi ladite surface intérieure de ladite base ou ladite partie d'extrémité de ladite cartouche et desdits moyens de réceptacle (84) pour définir au moins un cran en tant que réceptacle dans l'autre élément parmi ladite surface intérieure de ladite base ou ladite partie d'extrémité de ladite cartouche, chaque dit réceptacle étant dimensionné et placé de façon à recevoir axialement une cale correspondante pour bloquer ladite cartouche dans une position angulaire fixe de ladite base.
  2. Système de filtre (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit cran présente un rayon R1 et ladite saillie (48) présente un rayon R2, dans lequel R1 > R2.
  3. Système de filtre (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ladite surface intérieure (50) comprend un évidement annulaire (46) et ledit système de filtre comprend en outre des moyens de ressort (44) au moins partiellement disposés dans ledit évidement et pouvant venir en prise avec ladite cartouche (14) pour solliciter ladite cartouche à distance de ladite base (12).
  4. Système de filtre (10) selon les revendications 1 et 3, caractérisé en ce que ladite partie d'extrémité (58) comprend une nervure annulaire s'étendant longitudinalement (56).
  5. Système de filtre (10) selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que ladite cartouche (14) comprend un conduit (26) et ladite partie d'extrémité (58) comprend en outre lesdits moyens de réceptacle (84), lesdits moyens de réceptacle étant disposés entre ladite nervure (56) et ledit conduit.
  6. Système de filtre (10) selon les revendications 1 à 5, caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de calage comprennent trois cales (48), chacune desdites cales ayant un centre, dans lequel le plan défini par le centre de chaque cale et l'axe de la base (12) est sensiblement de 120° par rapport au plan défini par le centre de chaque cale adjacente et l'axe de la base.
  7. Système de filtre (10) selon les revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que chaque cale (48) a la forme d'un capuchon à secteur sphérique.
  8. Système de filtre (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que chaque cale (86) a la forme d'une portion de camembert graphique.
  9. Système de filtre (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que chaque cale (88) a la forme d'un carré.
  10. Système de filtre (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que chaque cale (90) comprend un bourrelet.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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