PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0976326 05.06.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0976326
Titel Fungizide Zusammensetzung enthaltend ein 1,2,3-Thiadiazolderivat sowie deren Verwendung
Anmelder Nihon Nohyaku Co., Ltd., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Nishiguchi, Tsutomu, Kawachinagano-shi, JP;
Takemoto, Tsuyoshi, Kawachinagano-shi, JP;
Tajima, Sohkichi, Osaka-shi, JP;
Yamamoto, Yoshinobu, Kawachinagano-shi, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69907331
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 23.07.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 991145285
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.02.2000
EP date of grant 02.05.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 05.06.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 43/82

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a fungicidal composition obtained by mixing a 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivative represented by general formula (I) useful as a plant disease controller with at least one fungicide selected from compounds having a fungicidal activity against plant diseases, and a method for using the same.

Although some of the 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivatives represented by the general formula (I) are novel compounds, many of such derivatives are disclosed in JP-A 8-325110 which mentions the usefulness of these compounds as a plant disease controller.

EP 098 486 discloses quinoline derivatives which may contain a thiadiazole moiety and which are useful as active substances in microbiocides having a fungicidal activity.

On the other hand, the compounds constituting the other ingredient of the composition of the present invention which are compounds having a fungicidal activity against plant diseases are known fungicides disclosed in literature.

With the aim of further decreasing the dosage of 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivatives, the present inventors attempted a combined use of the 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivatives with a variety of known fungicides. As a result, it was found that an effect unexpectable from their single use could be exhibited by such a combined use. Based on this finding, the present invention was accomplished.

It was further found that an excellent effect unexpectable from foliage treatment could be exhibited by treating the seeds or the cultivation carrier used for seeding with a combination of a 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivative and other fungicides. Based on this finding, the present invention was accomplished.

The present invention relates to a fungicidal composition comprising, as active ingredients thereof, a 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivative represented by the general formula (I) and at least one compound having a fungicidal activity against plant diseases selected from the group consisting of melanin synthesis inhibitors, strobilurins type fungicides, ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors, metal-containing fungicides, isoprothiolane, oxolinic acid and benzimidazole type fungicides, wherein the compound with a fungicidal activity is present in the fungicidal composition in an amount of 0.1 to 100 parts by weight per part by weight of a compound of general formula (I) and to a method for using same:

wherein R1 represents hydrogen atom, (C1-6) alkyl group or (C3-7) cycloalkyl group; and

   R2 represents a group of the formula: CO-Y-R3 wherein R3 represents hydrogen atom, (C1-20) alkyl group, halo (C1-20) alkyl group, (C2-20) alkenyl group, halo (C2-20) alkenyl group, (C2-20) alkynyl group, halo (C2-20) alkynyl group, (C3-12) cycloalkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy (C1-6) alkoxy (C1-6) alkyl group, carboxyl (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-20) alkoxycarbonyl (C1-6) alkyl group, carbamoyl (C1-6) alkyl group, substituted carbamoyl (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of (C1-6) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with at least one same or different halogen atom or (C1-6) alkyl group, cyano (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkylcarbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkylcarbonylamino (C1-6) alkyl group, phenyl group, substituted phenyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, phenyl (C1-6) alkyl group, substituted phenyl (C1-6) alkyl group having, on the ring thereof, 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, phenylcarbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group, substituted phenylcarbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group having, on the ring thereof, 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, phenylcarbonyl (C1-6) aminoalkyl group, substituted phenylcarbonyl (C1-6) aminoalkyl group having, on the ring thereof, 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, 5- or 6-membered heterocycle having at least one same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom, substituted 5-or 6-membered heterocycle having 1 to 5 same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, 5- or 6-membered heterocycle (C1-6) alkyl group having at least one same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom, substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocycle (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, 5- or 6-membered heterocycle carbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group having at least one, same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom, substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocycle carbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, 5- or 6-membered heterocycle carbonylamino (C1-6) alkyl group having at least one same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom, substituted 5-or 6-membered heterocycle carbonylamino (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group substituted with 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, or

   a group of the formula: -N=C(R5)R6 wherein R5 and R6, same or different each other, represent hydrogen atom, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C3-6) cycloalkyl group, phenyl group or substituted phenyl group substituted with same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-6) alkyl group and (C1-6) alkoxy group, or R5 and R6 may also be taken conjointly to represent (C2-6) alkylene group which may be intercepted by O, S or NR4 in which R4 is hydrogen atom or (C1-6) alkyl group; and Y represents O, S or NR4 in which R4 is as defined above, or

   a group of the formula:
wherein X, same or different, represents halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, (C1-6) alkylcarbonyl group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2 same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups; and n represents an integer of 0 to 4.

The present invention provides fungicidal compositions which can be used at a low dosage of 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivative represented by the general formula (I). These compositions have an excellent activity as a fungicide. The present invention further provides a more effective method for using the-fungicidal composition which comprises applying the active ingredient or the fungicide containing the same to seeds or plants in the seedling period. The use of said composition or said method for using the composition makes it possible to stabilize the fungicidal effect and to inhibit generation of agent-resistant fungi.

The 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivatives represented by the general formula (I) constitute the other active ingredient of the composition of the present invention, of which typical examples are listed in Tables 1 and 3. The present invention is by no means limited by these examples.

General formula (I-1)

No. R1 Y R3 Properties 1 H O H m.p. 107.1°C 2 H NH H m.p. 160.8°C 3 CH3 O H m.p. 188-189.5°C 4 CH3 O Na m.p. 230°C (decomposition) 5 CH3 O CH3 nD 1.5165 (23.2°C) 6 CH3 O C2H5 nD 1.5075 (14.0°C) 7 CH3 O n-C3H7 nD 1.4000 (12.5°C) 8 CH3 O i-C3H7 nD 1.4400 (14.3°C) 9 CH3 O s-C4H9 nD 1.4165 (24.2°C) 10 CH3 O CH2CH(C2H5)C4H9-n nD 1.4891 (23.1°C) 11 CH3 O n-C8H17 nD 1.4900 (12.9°C) 12 CH3 O n-C12H25 nD 1.5403 (22.0°C) 13 CH3 O n-C16H33 nD 1.4859 (22.0°C) 14 CH3 O c-C6H11 nD 1.5248 (25.2°C) 15 CH3 O CH2-Ph nD 1.5735 (13.1°C) 16 CH3 O CH2-(4-Cl-Ph) m.p. 85°C 17 CH3 O CH2-(3,5-Cl2-Ph) m.p. 81°C 18 CH3 O CH2-(4-t-C4H9-Ph) nD 1.5558 (26.3°C) 19 CH3 O CH2-(4-NO2-Ph) m.p. 100°C 20 CH3 O CH(CH3)-Ph nD 1.5631 (25.0°C) 21 CH3 O Ph nD 1.5845 (20.6°C) 22 CH3 O 4-Cl-Ph m.p. 77-80°C 23 CH3 O 2-CH3-Ph m.p. 62-64°C 24 CH3 O 4-CH3-Ph m.p. 31°C 25 CH3 O 4-CH3O-Ph m.p. 73°C 26 CH3 O 2-COCH3 m.p. 77°C 27 CH3 O 2-COOCH3-Ph m.p. 102°C 28 CH3 O 2-COOC3H7-i Paste 29 CH3 O CH2-Q1 nD 1.5391 (17.1°C) 30 CH3 O CH2CH2O-Q2 m.p. 54°C 31 CH3 O CH2CH(CH3)O-Q2 nD 1.5812 (22°C) 32 CH3 O (s)-CH(CH3)COOC2H5 nD 1.4858 (21.9°C) 33 CH3 O CH2CH2NHCO-Ph m.p. 85°C 34 CH3 O N=CH-Ph m.p. 113.5°C 35 CH3 O N=C(CH3)Ph m.p. 99.9°C 36 CH3 S CH3 m.p. 40.1°C 37 CH3 S C2H5 nD 1.5229 (20.8°C) 38 CH3 S i-C3H7 nD 1.5620 (21.8°C) 39 CH3 S n-C12H25 nD 1.5621 (18.6°C) 40 CH3 S CH2-Ph nD 1.6239 (21.1°C) 41 CH3 NH H m.p. 115°C 42 CH3 NH CH3 m.p. 45°C 43 CH3 NH C2H5 m.p. 44°C 44 CH3 NH i-C3H7 m.p. 65°C 45 CH3 NH c-C6H11 m.p. 98°C 46 CH3 NH Ph m.p. 110°C 47 CH3 NH 2-Cl-Ph m.p. 101°C 48 CH3 NH 3-Cl-Ph m.p. 136-142°C 49 CH3 NH 4-Cl-Ph m.p. 114°C 50 CH3 NH 2-CH3-Ph m.p. 115°C 51 CH3 NH 3-CH3-Ph m.p. 111°C 52 CH3 NH 4-CH3-Ph m.p. 109°C 53 CH3 NH 2,4-Cl2-Ph m.p. 118-119°C 54 CH3 NH 3,4-Cl2-Ph m.p. 138-139°C 55 CH3 NH 3-Cl-4-CH3-Ph m.p. 113°C 56 CH3 NH 3,4-(CH3)2-Ph m.p. 111°C 57 CH3 NH 4-CH3O-Ph m.p. 117°C 58 CH3 NH 4-NO2-Ph m.p. 175°C 59 CH3 NH 4-CN-Ph m.p. 172°C 60 CH3 NH 2-COOH-Ph m.p. 223°C 61 CH3 NH 2-COOC2H5-Ph m.p. 63°C 62 CH3 NH 4-COOCH3-Ph m.p. 133°C 63 CH3 NH 2-CONHCH3-Ph m.p. 162°C 64 CH3 NH 2-CONHC3H7-i-Ph m.p. 177°C 65 CH3 NH 3-CONHC3H7-i-Ph m.p. 158°C 66 CH3 NH 4-CON(CH3)2-Ph m.p. 176.8-178.6°C 67 CH3 NH CH2-Ph m.p. 53°C 68 CH3 NH CH(CH3) (4-Cl-Ph) m.p. 108°C 69 CH3 NH CH2CN m.p. 76-78°C 70 CH3 NH CH2CH2CN m.p. 86-87°C 71 CH3 NH CH(CH3) (i-C3H7) nD 1.5235 (25.9°C) 72 CH3 NH CH2COOC2H5 nD 1.5248 (21.5°C) 73 CH3 NH CH2COOC8H17-n Paste 74 CH3 NH CH3CONH(4-Cl-Ph) m.p. 211°C 75 CH3 NH CH2CONH(4-CH3O-Ph) m.p. 188°C 76 CH3 NH CH(CH3)CH2COOCH3 nD 1.5250 (20.4°C) 77 CH3 NH CH(i-C3H7)COOCH3 Paste 78 CH3 NH CH(CH3)COOCH3 Paste 79 CH3 NH CH2CH3NHCOQ2 m.p. 149°C 80 CH3 NH N=C(CH3)2 m.p. 198°C 81 CH3 NH N=C(CH3)C2H5 m.p. 152-153°C 82 CH3 NH N=CH-Ph m.p. 238°C 83 CH3 NH N=C(CH3)-Ph m.p. 260-270°C 84 CH3 NCH3 CH3 nD 1.5555 (13.2°C) 85 CH3 NC2H5 C2H5 nD 1.5356 (13.7°C) 86 C2H5 O H m.p. 137.1-138.4°C 87 C2H5 O CH3 nD 1.5093 (24.1°C) 88 C2H5 O CH2-Ph nD 1.5539 (23.7°C) 89 C2H5 NH H m.p. 139.0°C 90 C2H5 NH Ph m.p. 81.9°C 91 n-C3H7 O C2H5 nD 1.4958 (21.0°C) 92 i-C3H7 O H m.p. 136.6°C 93 i-C3H7 O C2H5 nD 1.4943 (20.9°C) 94 i-C3H7 O n-C8H17 nD 1.4845 (21.8°C) 95 i-C3H7 O CH2-Ph nD 1.5505 (23.8°C) 96 i-C3H7 NH H m.p. 137.3°C 97 i-C3H7 NH Ph m.p. 112.3°C 98 n-C4H9 O H m.p. 92.3°C 99 n-C4H9 O CH3 nD 1.4993 (22.3°C) 100 t-C4Hg O H m.p. 111.1°C 101 t-C4H9 O CH3 nD 1.5082 (13.0°C) 102 n-C5H11 O H m.p. 86.2°C 103 n-C5H11 O CH3 nD 1.4969 (22.5°C) 104 c-C3H5 O H m.p. 157.1°C 105 c-C3H5 O CH3 m.p. 47.4°C

In Table 1, "Ph" represents a phenyl group, "c-" represents an alicyclic hydrocarbon group, and Q1 and Q2 represent the following groups, respectively:

Some of the compounds shown in Table 1 are in the state of a paste, of which NMR values are shown in Table 2. No. 1H-NMR[CDCl3/TMS, δ value (ppm)] 73 0.88(t, 3H), 1.21-1.40(m, 10H), 1.60-1.74(m, 2H),

2.94(s, 3H), 4.18-4.24(m, 4H), 6.52(bs, 1H).
77 1.00(t, 6H), 2.30(m, 1H), 2.95(s, 3H),

3.80(s, 3H), 4.74(m, 1H), 6.42(bs, 1H).
78 1.69(s, 6H), 2.90(s, 3H), 3.81(s, 3H),

6.79(bs, 1H).

General formula (I-2)

No. R1 Xn Properties 106 CH3 H m.p. 156°C 107 CH3 5-F m.p. 176-177°C 108 CH3 6-F m.p. 151°C 109 CH3 5-CH3 m.p. 193°C 110 CH3 8-CH3 m.p. 174°C 111 C2H5 H m.p. 99°C 112 i-C3H7 H m.p. 145°C

Next, typical examples of the compounds exhibiting a fungicidal activity against plant diseases which can be used in the form of a mixture with the 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivatives represented by the general formula (I) (hereinafter, these compounds are referred to as "Compound Group I") are shown below. The present invention is by no means limited thereby.

As the compounds exhibiting a fungicidal activity, the following can be referred to, for instance: melanin synthesis inhibitors (for example, the following compounds (2), (8), (7) and (10)); strobilurins type fungicides (for example, the following compounds (3)-and (6)); ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors (for example, the following compounds (4), (22), (23), (24), (25), (26) and (36)); acid amide type fungicides (for example, the following compounds (13), (14), (15), (16) and (17)); succinic acid synthetase inhibitor type fungicides; acylalanine type fungicides (for example, the following compound (27)); dicarboxyimide type fungicides (for example, the following compounds (39) and (40)); benzimidazole type fungicides (for example, the following compounds (41), (42) and (43)); dithiocarbamate type fungicides (for example, the following compounds (30), (31), (32) and (33)); metal-containing fungicides (for example, the following compounds (5), (28) and (29)); antibiotics (for example, the following compounds (9), (18) and (38)); etc.

Specific examples of the compounds exhibiting a fungicidal activity against plant diseases which can be used as a mixed ingredient in the composition of the present invention are listed below:

  • (1) Diisopropyl-1,3-dithiolan-2-ylidene malonate (general name: isoprothiolane)
  • (2) 5-Methyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b]benzothiazole (general name: tricyclazole)
  • (3) Methyl (E)-2-(2-[6-(2-cyanophenoxy)pyrimidin-4-yloxy]phenyl}-3-methoxyacrylate (general name: azoxystrobin)
  • (4) 1-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-propyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-ylmethyl]-1H-1,2,4-triazole (general name: propiconazole)
  • (5) 8-Hydroxyquinoline copper (general name: oxine-copper)
  • (6) 2-Methoxyimino-N-methyl-2-(2-phenoxy)phenylacetamide (code name: SSF-126)
  • (7) N-[1-(4-chlorophenyl(ethyl)-2,2-dichloro-1-ethyl-3-methylcyclopropanecarboxamide (general name: carpropamide)
  • (8) 4,5,6,7-Tetrachlorophthalide (general name: fthalide)
  • (9) Kasugamycin (general name: kasugamycin)
  • (10) 1,2,5,6-Tetrahydropyrrolo(3,2,1-i,j)quinolin-4-one (general name: pyroquilon)
  • (11) 3-Allyloxy-1,2-benzothiazole-1,1-dioxide (general name: probenazole)
  • (12) S-Methylbenzo-1,2,3-thiadiazole-7-carbothiolate (code name: CGA-245704)
  • (13) α,α,α-Trifluoro-3'-isopropoxy-o-toluanilide (general name: flutolanil)
  • (14) 3'-Isopropoxy-2-methylbenzanilide (general name: mepronil)
  • (15) 5-Chloro-1,3-dimethyl-N-(1,1-dimethyl-2-oxa-4-indanyl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide (general name: furametpyr)
  • (16) 1-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-1-cyclopentyl-3-phenylurea (general name: pencycuron)
  • (17) N-(2,6-Dibromo-4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-2-methyl-4-trifluoromethylthiazole-5-carboxamide (general name: thifluzamide)
  • (18) Validamycin (general name: validamycin)
  • (19) 6-(3,5-Dichloro-4-methylphenyl)-3(2H)pyridazinone (general name: diclomezine)
  • (20) (Z)-2'-Methylacetophenone=4,6-dimethyl pyrimidin-2-ylhydrazone (general name: ferimzone)
  • (21) 1,1'-Iminiodi(octamethylene)diguanidium= triacetate (general name: guazatine)
  • (22) 2-p-Chlorophenyl-2-(lH-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)hexanenitrile (general name: myclobutanil)
  • (23) (RS)-2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)hexan-2-ol (general name: hexaconazole)
  • (24) 1-(4-Chlorophenoxy)-3,3-dimethyl-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-butanone (general name: triadimefon)
  • (25) N-Propyl-N-[2-(2,4,6-trichlorophenoxy)ethyl]-imidazole-1-carboxamide (general name: prochloraz)
  • (26) cis-4-[3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-2-methylpropyl]-2,6-dimethylmorpholine (general name: fenpropimorph)
  • (27) Methyl=N-(2-methoxyacetyl)-N-(2,6-xylyl)-DL-alaninate (general name: methalaxyl)
  • (28) Basic copper chloride (copper oxychloride)
  • (29) Basic copper sulfate (basic copper sulfate)
  • (30) Zinc ion-coordinated manganese ethylenebisdithiocarbamate (general name: mancozeb)
  • (31) Zinc propylenebisdithiocarbamate (general name: propineb)
  • (32) Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate (general name: ziram)
  • (33) Bis(dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulfide (general name: thiram)
  • (34) 1-(2-Cyano-2-methoxyiminoacetyl)-3-ethylurea (general name: cymoxanil)
  • (35) Tetrachloroisophthalonitrile (general name: chlorothalonil)
  • (36) cis-trans-3-Chloro-4-[4-methyl-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-2-yl]phenyl=4-chlorophenyl=ether (general name: difenoconazole)
  • (37) N-trichloromethylthiotetrahydrophthalimide (general name: captan)
  • (38) Polyoxin (general name: polyoxin)
  • (39) 3-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-N-isopropyl-2,4-dioxoimidazolidine-1-carboxamide (general name: iprodione)
  • (40) N-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-1,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1,2-dicarboximide (general name: procymidone)
  • (41) Methyl 1-(butylcarbamoyl) -2-benzimidazolecarbamate (general name: benomyl)
  • (42) 1,2-Bis(3-methoxycarbonyl-2-thioureido)benzene (general name: thiophanate-methyl)
  • (43) 2-(Methoxycarbonylamino)benzimidazole (general name: carbendazin)
  • (44) Aluminum=tris(ethylphosphonate) (general name: fosetyl)
  • (45) 3-Hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole (general name: hymexazol)
  • (46) 5-Ethyl-5,8-dihydro-8-oxo[1,3]dioxolo[4,5-g]-quinoline-7-carboxylic acid (general name: oxolinic acid)
  • (47) 4-(2,2-Difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl)pyrrole-3-carbonitrile (general name: fludioxonil)
  • (48) N-(4-Methyl-propa-1-ynylpyrimidin-2-yl)aniline (general name: mepanipyrim)
  • (49) 4-Cyclopropyl-6-methyl-N-phenylpyrimidine-2-amine (general name: cyprodinil)
  • (50) N-(4,6-Dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)aniline (general name: pyrimethanil)
  • (51) 0-2,6-Dichloro-p-tolyl O,O-dimethylphosphorothioate (general name: tolclofos-methyl)
  • (52) Mixture at arbitrary proportions of N-(1-cyano-1,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-propaneamide or optically active compounds thereof or isomers thereof (the compounds disclosed in JP-A-63-132867), and the like. These compounds can be used either alone or in the form of a mixture of two or more compounds.

The plant disease controlling composition of the present invention obtained by combining a 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivative represented by the general formula (I) or a salt thereof with at least one compound selected from the Compound Group I exhibits an excellent controlling effect against the plant diseases exemplified below. Further, the composition of the invention exercises an effect also against the fungi resistant to the existing fungicidal agents.

Roughly saying, the plant diseases on which the composition exhibits an effect are classified into mold fungi diseases, bacterial diseases and viral diseases. For instance, there are included the diseases due to Deuteromycetes such as Genus Botrytis, Genus Helminthosporium, Genus Fusarium, Genus Septoria, Genus Cercospora, Genus Pyricularia and Genus Alternaria, the diseases due to Basidiomycetes such as Genus Hemileia, Genus Rhizoctonia and Genus Puccinia, the diseases due to Ascomycetes such as Genus Venturia, Genus Podosphaera, Genus Erysiphe, Genus Monilinia and Genus Unsinula, the diseases due to the other fungi such as Genus Ascochyta, Genus Phoma, Genus Pythium, Genus Corticium and Genus Pyrenophora, the diseases due to bacteria such as Genus Pseudomonas, Genus Xanthomonas and Genus Erwinia, and the diseases due to viruses such as tobacco mosaic virus.

Specific examples of the diseases against which the composition of the present invention exhibit a marked effect include rice blast (Pyricularia oryzae), rice sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani), rice Helminthosporium leaf spot (Cochliobolus miyabeanus), rice seedling blight (Rhizopus chinensis, Pythium graminicola, Fusarium graminicola, Fusarium roseum, Mucor sp., Phoma sp., Tricoderma sp.), rice bakanae disease (Gibberella fujikuroi), powdery mildew of barley and wheat (Erysiphe graminis), powdery mildew of cucumber (Sphaerotheca fuliginea), powdery mildew of other host plants, eye spot of barley and wheat (Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides), flag smut of wheat, etc. (Urocystis tritici), snow mold of barley and wheat (Fusarium nivale, Pythium iwayamai, Typhla ishikariensis, Sclerotinia boreasis), oats crown rust (Puccinia coronata), stem rust of other plants, gray mold of cucumber and strawberry (Botrytis cinerea), sclerotinia rot of tomato and cabbage (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum), late blight of potato and tomato (Phytophthora infestans), Phytophthora rot of other plants, downy mildew of various plants such as cucumber downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis), grape downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola), etc., apple scab (Venturia inaequalis), apple Alternaria leaf spot (Alternaria mali), pear black spot (Alternaria kikuchiana), citrus melanose (Diaporthe citri), citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcetti), sugar beet Cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora beticola), peanut brown leaf spot (Cercospora arachidicola), peanut leaf spot (Cercospora personata), septoria leaf spot of wheat (Septoria tritici), glume blotch of wheat (Septoria nodorum), scald of barley (Rhynchosporium secalis), bunt of wheat (Tilletia caries), lawn grass brown patch (Rhizoctonia solani), lawn grass dollar spot of lawn grass (Sclerotinia homoeocarpe); bacterial diseases due to Genus Pseudomonas such as cucumber bacterial blight (Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans), tomato bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and rice glume blight (Pseudomonas glumae), bacterial diseases due to Genus Xanthomonas such as cabbage black rot (Xanthomonas campestris), rice bacterial leaf blight (Xanthomonas oryzae) and citrus canker (Xanthomonas citri), and bacterial diseases due to Genus Erwinia such as cabbage bacterial soft rot (Erwinia carotovora), and viral diseases such as tobacco mosaic (tobacco mosaic virus), etc.

The plants to which the fungicidal composition of the present invention can be applied are not particularly limited, and the following plants can be referred to as examples thereof:

  • cereals such as rice, barley, wheat, rye, oat, corn, kaoliang, etc.; beans and peas such as soybean, red bean, broad bean, pea, peanut , etc.; fruit trees and fruits such as apple, citrus trees and fruits, pear, grape, peach, plum, cherry, walnut, almond, banana, strawberry, etc.; vegetables such as cabbage, tomato, spinach, broccoli, lettuce, onion, stone-leek, Spanish paprika, etc., root crops such as carrot, potato, sweet potato, radish, lotus rhizome, turnip, etc.; processing crops such as cotton, flax, paper mulberry, mitsumata, rape seed plant, beet, hop, sugar cane, sugar beet, olive, gum, coffee, tobacco, tea, etc.; cucurbitaceous plants such as pumpkin, cucumber, water melon, melon, etc.; pasture plants such as orchard grass, sorghum, timothy, clover, alfalfa, etc.; lawn grasses such as mascarenegrass, bent grass, etc.; perfumery crops such as lavender, rosemary, thyme, parsley, pepper, ginger, etc.; and flower plants such as chrysanthemum, rose, orchid, etc.

In order to control various diseases, the fungicidal composition of the present invention is put to use either as it is or in the form of a dilution or a suspension in a proper quantity of water or the like by applying a quantity for effectively exhibiting the plant disease controlling effect to the plant on which an occurrence of the disease is expected or a site at which occurence of the disease is to be prevented. For instance, with the aim of controlling the disease of paddy field rice plant, it may be applied to paddy field water or boxes for raising rice seedlings, or by the method of seed coating, seed soaking or the like. Against the diseases occurring in the upland field of fruit plants, cereals, vegetables, etc., not only the treatment of leaves and stalks but also immersion of seeds in the agent solution, treatment of seeds with powdery agent or treatment of soil aiming at absorption from the roots can also be adopted. It may also be used for treatment of water culture solution for use in water cultures.

As the method of treating seeds, a method of dipping seeds in a diluted or undiluted liquid preparation and thereby making the agent permeate into the seeds, a method of mixing a solid or liquid preparation with seeds for the sake of powder coating and thereby making the agent adhere to the seed surface, a method of mixing the preparation with an adhesive carrier such as resin, polymer or the like and coating seeds with such an adhesive mixture, a method of spraying the preparation to the neighborhood of seeds simultaneously with planting, etc. can be referred to.

The term "seed" to be treated with the composition of the present invention means a plant body of the initial stage of cultivation used for reproduction of plants, and involves not only the so-called seeds but also plant bodies for nutrient reproduction such as bulb, tuber, seed tuber, aerial tuber, scaly bulb, stalks for cuttage, and the like.

The term "soil" or "cultivation carrier" for plants in the practice of the using method of the present invention means a support for use in culture of a plant and especially a support in which roots are to be grown. they are not limited in material quality, but any material may be used so far as a plant can be grown therein. For instance, so-called various soils, seedling mat, water and the like can also be used. Specific examples of the material constituting the soil or cultivation carrier include sand, vermiculite, cotton, paper, diatomaceous earth, agar, gelatinous materials, polymeric materials, rock wool, glass wool, wood chips, bark, pumice and the like.

As method for spraying the composition to the stalks and leaves, a method of diluting a liquid preparation such as emulsifiable concentrate, flowable agent or a solid preparation such as wettable powder or wettable granular composition with a proper quantity of water and then spraying the dilution to leaves and stalks and a method of spraying the powdery composition can be referred to.

As method for applying the composition to the soil, a method of applying a liquid preparation either diluted or undiluted with water to the base of stalks, seedling bed for raising seedlings or the like, a method of spraying a granular agent to the stalk base or seedling bed, a method of spraying a dust, a wettable powder, a wettable granule or a granular agent to the soil and mixing it with the whole soil either before seeding or before transplantation, a method of spraying a dust, a wettable powder, a wettable granule, a granular agent or the like to planting holes, planting rows, etc. can be referred to.

For applying the fungicide of the present invention to a seedling box of paddyfield riceplant, the fungicide may be applied in the form of a dust, a wettable granular composition or a granular composition, though the preparation form may be dependent on the time of application or whether it is applied at the seeding time, in the greening period or at the time of transplantation. Otherwise, the fungicide may also be applied by mixing it into a molding. A molding may be mixed with a dust, a wettable granule or a granular composition by the method of bed soil mixing, covering soil mixing or mixing into the whole mold. It is also possible to form alternating layers of molding and fungicidal composition. When the fungicide is applied at the seeding time, the time of application of the fungicide may be any of before the seeding, simultaneous with the seeding and after the seeding, or it also be after coverage of soil.

For applying the fungicide to paddy field, a solid preparation such as jumbo-pack, granule, wettable granule and the like or a liquid preparation such as flowable, emulsifiable concentrate and the like is scattered to a paddy field usually in a submerged state. Otherwise, it is also possible to scatter or inject an appropriate agent as it is or its mixture with fertilizers into soil at the time of transplantation of rice seedlings. It is further possible to apply an emulsifiable concentrate, a wettable powder or a flowable preparation to the water inlet or water flow source of irrigating apparatus, by which the fungicide can be applied together with water supplied to the paddy field in a labor-saving manner.

In case of upland field crops such as wheat, a fungicidal composition may be applied to the cultivation carrier surrounding the seeds or plant bodies in the period from the seeding to the seedling raising. In cases where plant seeds are directly sown to the field, the fungicide may directly be applied to the seeds to make seed coating, or may also be applied to the base of hills to achieve a successful result. It is also possible to scatter a granular preparation, or to apply a liquid preparation after being diluted with water or without dilution.

In cases where cultured plants to be transplanted are treated at the seeding time or in the seedling raising period, preferable are a direct treatment of seeds, an irrigating treatment using a liquefied agent or a powdering treatment of granular agent to the seedling-raising bed. Further, application of granular agent to the planting holes at the time of set-planting and mixing of a fungicide into the cultivation carrier in the neighborhood of the sites of transplantation are also preferable.

As for the dosage of the active ingredient compound of the plant disease controlling composition of the present invention, at least one compound properly selected from the Compound Group I is used usually in an amount of 0.01-1,000 parts by weight and preferably 0.1 to 100 parts by weight, per part by weight of the 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivative of general formula (I) or a salt thereof.

The plant disease controlling composition of the present invention may be applied in a preparation form of, for instance, emulsifiable concentrate, wettable powder, suspension, solution, granule, dust or the like. Although the dosage thereof varies depending on the content of active ingredient in the composition, climate conditions, preparation form, time of application, method of application, place of application, disease to be controlled and objective crop plant, the dosage is appropriately selected usually from a range of 0.1-1,000 grams and preferably 1-50 grams as expressed in terms of weight of active ingredient, per are of the field. In the case of seed treatment, the weight of active ingredient may be changed in the range of 0.01-40% based on the seed. When emulsifiable concentrate, wettable powder, suspension or solution is diluted with water and then put to use, the concentration at the time of application is 0.0001-0.1%. In the cases of a granular composition, a dust composition and a liquid composition to be used for seed treatment, the compositions may directly be put to use without dilution.

Next, typical examples and test examples of the present invention are presented below. The invention is by no means limited by these examples. In the examples, the term "part" means part by weight.

Example 1

The compound of Table 1 or 3 10 parts One compound of Compound Group I 10 parts Calcined diatomaceous earth 63 parts Polyoxyethylene nonylphenyl ether 5 parts Naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate 4 parts Silicic acid hydrate 8 parts

A wettable powder is prepared by uniformly mixing and grinding the ingredients mentioned above.

Example 2

Compound of Table 1 or 3 10 parts One compound of Compound Group I 35 parts Calcined diatomaceous earth 28 parts Polyoxyethylene nonylphenyl ether 5 parts Naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate 4 parts Silicic acid hydrate 8 parts

A wettable powder is prepared by uniformly mixing and grinding the ingredients mentioned above.

Example 3

Compound of Table 1 or 3 40 parts One compound of Compound Group I 10 parts Calcined diatomaceous earth 33 parts Polyoxyethylene nonylphenyl ether 5 parts Naphthalenesulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensate 4 parts Silicic acid hydrate 8 parts

A wettable powder is prepared by uniformly mixing and grinding the ingredients mentioned above.

Example 4

Compound of Table 1 or 2 5 parts One compound of Compound Group I 7 parts Synthetic silicic acid hydrate 1 part Calcium ligninsulfonate 2 parts Bentonite 30 parts Kaolin clay 55 parts

A granular composition is prepared by uniformly mixing and grinding the ingredients mentioned above, adding an appropriate quantity of water, and kneading and drying the resulting mixture.

Example 5

Compound of Table 1 or 3 20 parts One compound of Compound Group I 20 parts Sodium alkylnaphthalenesulfonate 3 parts Propylene glycol 5 parts Dimethylpolysiloxane 0.25 part p-Chloro-m-xylenol 0.10 part Xanthane gum 0.30 part Water 51.35 parts

A wettable powder or an aqueous suspension is prepared by uniformly mixing and grinding the ingredients mentioned above.

Test Example 1: Preventive effect on rice blast by spraying

A wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above and diluted with water to a predetermined concentration was sprayed to stalks and leaves of rice plants (variety: Kimmaze) of 6-leaved stage cultivated in pots. After the spraying, the pots were cultivated in a greenhouse. Seven days after the treatment, the plants were inoculated with a spore suspension of rice blast fungi (Pyricularia oryzae) by the method of spraying.

After the inoculation, the plants were left to stand for 7 days at 20°C under a high humidity condition, and then the number of lesions was counted, from which controlling degree was calculated according to the equation mentioned below. In the untreated plot, the number of lesions was 23.0 per leaf. Controlling degree (%) = Number of lesions in untreated plot - Number of lesions in treated plot / (Number of lesions in untreated plot) × 100

Further, the theoretically expected controlling degree was calculated according to the following formula: Theoretically expected controlling degree (%) = X + (100 -X) × Y/100    wherein X is controlling degree (%) of agent A at 12.5 ppm and Y is controlling degree (%) of agent B at 12.5 ppm (the portion which could not be controlled with agent A corresponded to (100-X)%, of which Y%, namely (100-X) x Y/100, was controlled by agent B.

The results are shown in Table 4. Test agent Concentration (ppm) Actual controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound No. 3 + Isoprothiolane 12.5 + 12.5 64 42 Compound No. 3 + Tricyclazole 12.5 + 12.5 70 43 Compound No. 3 12.5 27 Isoprothiolane 12.5 20 Tricyclazole 12.5 22

Test Example 2: Preventive effect on barley powdery mildew by spraying

A wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above and diluted to a predetermined concentration was applied to stalks and leaves of barley plant (variety: Kanto No. 6) of 2-leaved stage cultivated in pots. After the spraying, the pots were cultivated in a greenhouse. Seven days after the treatment, the plants were inoculated with spores of powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis) by the method of powdering. Seven days after the inoculation, the number of lesions was counted, from which controlling degree was calculated according to Test Example 1. In the untreated plot, the number of lesions was 17.7 per leaf. The theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1.

The results are shown in Table 5. Test agent Concentration (ppm) Actual controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound No. 3 + Azoxystrobin 20 + 20 87 66 Compound No. 3 + Propiconazole 20 + 20 85 67 Compound No. 3 20 15 Azoxystrobin 20 60 Propiconazole 20 63

Test Example 3: Preventive effect on cucumber downy mildew by spraying

A wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above was diluted with water to a predetermined concentration and sprayed to stalks and leaves of cucumber (variety: Suyo) of 2.5-leaved stage cultivated in pots. After the spraying, the pots were cultivated in a greenhouse. Six days after the treatment, the plants were inoculated with zoospores of downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis). Seven days after the inoculation, the plants were examined and the disease occurrence index was determined according to the criterion shown below, from which controlling degree was calculated according to the following equation. In the untreated plot, the disease occurrence index was 7.8. The theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1.

Disease occurrence index

  • 0: No occurrence of disease
  • 1: Areal rate of lesion: 1-10%
  • 2: Areal rate of lesion: 11-20%
  • 3. Areal rate of lesion: 21-30%
  • 4. Areal rate of lesion: 31-40%
  • 5: Areal rate of lesion: 41-50%
  • 6: Areal rate of lesion: 51-60%
  • 7: Areal rate of lesion: 61-70%
  • 8: Areal rate of lesion: 71-80%
  • 9: Areal rate of lesion: 81-90%
  • 10: Areal rate of lesion: 91-100%
Controlling degree (%) = Disease occurrence index in untreated plot - Disease occurrence index in treated plot / (Disease occurrence index in untreated plot)× 100

The results are shown in Table 6. Test agent Concentration (ppm) Controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound NO. 3 + 8-Hydroxyquinoline-copper 50 + 50 75 60 Compound No. 3 50 20 8-Hydroxyquinoline-copper 50 50

Test Example 4: Control test on cabbage black rot

A wettable powder composition prepared according to the examples mentioned above was diluted with water to a predetermined concentration and sprayed to cabbage (variety: Kinkei No. 201) of early head forming period four times at intervals of 7 days of 280 liters per 10 ares. Two days after the second spraying, the cabbage was inoculated with an aqueous suspension of cabbage black rot bacterium (Xanthomonas campestris) by the method of spraying. Two weeks after the final spraying, the cabbage was investigated to calculated the degree of disease occurrence according to the following criterion. In the untreated plot, the degree of disease occurrence was 44.7. Theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1. Degree of disease occurrence = Σ (Number of hills at every degree of occurrence) × 100 (Number of hills investigated × 3) Index State of disease occurrence 0 No occurrence of disease or only very slight number of lesions 1 Lesions are sporadically found on a few outer leaves. 2 Rather many lesions are found on all the outer leaves. 3 Many lesions are found on all the outer leaves, and some of the heads are diseased.

From the degree of disease occurrence, controlling degree was calculated according to the following equation. Theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1. Controlling degree (%) = Degree of disease occurrence in untreated plot - Degree of disease occurrence in treated plot / (Degree of disease occurrence in untreated plot)× 100

The results are shown in Table 7.

Test Example 5: Controlling test on cucumber bacterial blight

A wettable powder composition prepared according to the examples mentioned above was diluted with water to a predetermined concentration and sprayed to cucumber (variety: Topgreen) of growth period three times, at intervals of 7 days of 280 liters per 10 ares. Six hours after the first spraying, the cucumber was inoculated with an aqueous suspension of cucumber bacterial blight bacterium (Pseudomonas syringae pv. lachrymans) by the method of spraying. One week after the final spraying, the cucumber was investigated to calculated the degree of disease occurrence according to the following criterion. In the untreated plot, the degree of disease occurrence was 63.9. Theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1. Degree of disease occurrence = Σ(Number of diseased leaves at every degree of disease occurrence × index) × 100 (Number of hills investigated × 4) Index State of disease occurrence 0 No disease occurrence 1 Areal rate of disease occurrence: less than 5% 2 Areal rate of disease occurrence: no less than 5% and less than 25% 3 Areal rate of disease occurrence: no less than 25% and less than 50% 4 Areal rate of disease occurrence: no less than 50%.

From the degree of disease occurrence, controlling degree was calculated according to Test Example 4. The theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1.

The results are shown in Table 8.

Test Example 6: Controlling test on wheat powdery mildew

A wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above was applied to wheat in the internode elongation period of 100 liters per 10 ares. Two months after the chemical treatment, areal rate of lesion on the flag leaves was measured, from which controlling degree was calculated according to the following equation. In the untreated plot, the areal rate of lesion was 15%. The theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1. Controlling degree (%) = Areal rate lesion in untreated plot - Areal rate of lesion in treated plot / (Areal rate of lesion in untreated plot) × 100

The results are shown in Table 9. Test agent Dosage (ppm) Controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound No. 3 + Azoxystrobin 200 + 100 83 56 Compound No. 55 + Azoxystrobin 200 + 100 70 44 Compound No. 3 200 27 Compound No. 55 200 7 Azoxystrobin 100 40

Test Example 7: Controlling test on tobacco mosaic virus disease

A wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above was diluted with water to a predetermined concentration, and sprayed to a tobacco plant of 5-leaved stage (variety: Samson NN). Seven days after the chemical treatment, the tobacco leaves, previously powdered with 60 mesh Carborundum, was inoculated by lightly patting the leaf surface with cotton applicator immersed in a 10 µg/ml solution of tobacco mosaic virus in phosphate buffer (pH 6.8). Just after the inoculation, the Carborundum was washed away with running water, and the plant was left to stand in a greenhouse until local lesions were formed. Then, diameters of lesions were measured, from which controlling degree was calculated according to the following equation. In the untreated plot, diameter of the lesion was 2.2 mm. The theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1. Controlling degree (%) = Diameter of lesin in untreated plot - Diameter of lrdin in treated plot / (Diameter of lesion in untreated plot) × 100

The results are shown in Table 10. Test agent Dosage (ppm) Controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound No. 3 + Isoprothiolane 200 + 200 35 20 Compound No. 3 200 20 Isoprothiolane 200 0

Test Example 8: Controlling effect on rice bakanae disease by seed coating treatment

Unhulled rice seeds (variety: Kimmaze) infected with rice bakanae disease fungi (Gibberella fujikuroi) were subjected to a powder coating treatment by introducing the rice seeds into a vinyl bag together with a wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above and thoroughly mixing them together with a small quantity of water. After the treatment, the unhulled rice was air-dried overnight, immersed in water at 15°C for one week, and then kept at 30°C to promote germination, after which the unhulled rice seeds were sown in a seedling raising box, germination thereof was hastened at 30°C for 3 days, and the plants were cultivated in a greenhouse for about one month. Then, the diseased seedling rate was investigated, from which the controlling degree was calculated according to the following equation. In the untreated plot, the diseased seedling rate was 78%. The theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1. The results are shown in Table 11, Controlling degree (%) = Diseased seedling rate in untreated plot - Disease seedling rate in treated plot / (Diseased seedling rate in untreated plot) × 100

The results are shown in Table 11. Test agent Dosage (wt. % of active ingredient per dry unhulled rice) (%) Controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound NO. 55 + Oxolinic acid 0.2 + 0.2 75 45 Compound No. 55 0.2 45 Oxolinic acid 0.2 0

Test Example 9: Controlling effect on cucumber downy mildew by soil mixing treatment

A wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above was mixed into soil, and the soil thus obtained was filled into pots so that one pot contained 5 g of the wettable powder. Then, cucumber (variety: Suyo) seedlings of cotyledon-developing period were transplanted into the pots. After cultivating the pots in a greenhouse for 2 weeks, the plants were inoculated with zoospores of downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis). Seven days after the inoculation, the plants were investigated and evaluated according to Test Example 3, from which controlling degree was determined. In the untreated plot, the disease occurrence index was 6.5. The theoretical controlling degree was calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1.

The results are shown in Table 12. Test agent Dosage (amt. of active ingredient per pot) (g) Controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound No. 55 + Benomyl 0.1 + 0.1 72 41 Compound No. 55 0.1 40 Benomyl 0.1 2

Test Example 10: Controlling effect on wheat powdery mildew by seed coating treatment

Seeds of wheat (variety: Chihoku) and a wettable powder prepared according to the examples mentioned above were introduced into a vinyl bag. A small quantity of water was added thereto and thoroughly mixed together to carry out a seed coating treatment. After the treatment, the seeds were air-dried overnight, sown in pots, and cultivated in a greenhouse. One month after the seeding, the plants were inoculated with spores of powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis) by the method of powdering. Seven days after the inoculation, the number of lesions was counted, from which controlling degree was calculated according to Test Example 1. In the untreated plot, the number of lesions per leaf was 25. The theoretical controlling degree was-calculated in the same manner as in Test Example 1.

When only the compound formula (I) is used, the result of seed treatment is superior to the result of spraying to stalks and leaves in course of cultivation (for instance, Test Example 2 and Test Example 6) in terms of dosage per area of cultivation. Further, when the mixed agent according to the present invention is used for the seed treatment, the activity is more enhanced, and the effect exhibited is far more excellent than that achieved by spraying a single agent. Test agent Dosage (amt. of active ingredient per dry seed weight) (%) Controlling degree (%) Theoretical controlling degree (%) Compound No. 55 + Benomyl 1 + 1 96 88 Compound No. 55 1 88 Benomyl 1 0


Anspruch[de]
  1. Fungizide Zusammensetzung, die als ihre aktiven Bestandteile ein durch die allgemeine Formel (I) wiedergegebenes 1,2,3-Thiadiazolderivat und wenigstens eine Verbindung mit einer fungiziden Aktivität gegen Pflanzenkrankheiten umfasst, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Melanin-Synthese-Inhibitoren, Fungiziden vom Strobilurin-Typ, Ergosterin-Biosynthese-Inhibitoren, Metall enthaltenden Fungiziden, Isoprothiolan, Oxolinsäure und Fungiziden vom Benzimidazol-Typ, worin die Verbindung mit einer fungiziden Aktivität in der fungiziden Zusammensetzung in einer Menge von 0,1 bis 100 Gewichtsteilen pro Gewichtsteil der Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) enthalten ist:
    worin R1 bedeutet ein Wasserstoffatom, eine (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe oder eine (C3-7)-Cycloalkylgruppe; und

    R2 bedeutet eine Gruppe der Formel: CO-Y-R3 [worin R3 bedeutet ein Wasserstoffatom,

    eine (C1-20)-Alkylgruppe,

    eine Halo-(C1-20)-alkylgruppe,

    eine (C2-20)-Alkenylgruppe,

    eine Halo-(C2-20)-alkenylgruppe,

    eine (C2-20)-Alkinylgruppe,

    eine Halo-(C2-20)-alkinylgruppe,

    eine (C3-12)-Cycloalkylgruppe,

    eine (C1-6)-Alkoxy-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine (C1-6)-Alkoxy-(C1-6)-alkoxyl-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine Carboxy-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine (C1-20)-Alkoxycarbonyl-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine Carbamoyl-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine substituierte Carbamoyl-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe mit 1 oder zwei gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, die mit wenigstens einem gleichen oder verschiedenen Halogenatom oder einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe substituiert ist,

    eine Cyan-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine (C1-6)-Alkylcarbonyloxy-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine (C1-6)-Alkylcarbonylamino-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine Phenylgruppe,

    eine substituierte Phenylgruppe mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe mit 1 oder 2 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen,

    eine Phenyl-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine substituierte Phenyl-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, die an ihrem Ring 1 bis 5 gleiche oder verschiedene Substituenten hat, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe, die 1 oder 2 gleiche oder verschiedene Substituenten hat, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, die mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen substituiert ist,

    eine Phenylcarbonyloxy-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine substituierte Phenylcarbonyloxy-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, die an ihrem Ring 1 bis 5 gleiche oder verschiedene Substituenten hat, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe, die 1 oder 2 gleiche oder verschiedene Substituenten hat, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, die mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen substituiert ist,

    eine Phenylcarbonyl-(C1-6)-aminoalkylgruppe,

    eine substituierte Phenylcarbonyl-(C1-6)-aminoalkylgruppe, die an ihrem Ring 1 bis 5 gleiche oder verschiedene Substituenten hat, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe, die 1 oder 2 gleiche oder verschiedene Substituenten hat, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen,

    einen 5- oder 6-gliedrigen Heterozyklus mit wenigstens einem gleichen oder verschiedenen Heteroatomen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Sauerstoffatom, einem Schwefelatom und einem Stickstoffatom,

    einen substituierten 5- oder 6-gliedrigen Heterozyklus mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe mit 1 oder 2 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen,

    eine 5- oder 6-gliedrige heterocyclische (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe mit wenigstens einem gleichen oder verschiedenen Heteroatomen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Sauerstoffatom, einem Schwefelatom und einem Stickstoffatom,

    eine substituierte 5- oder 6-gliedrige, heterocyclische (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe mit 1 oder 2 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen,

    eine 5- oder 6-gliedrige, heterocyclische Carbonyloxy-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe mit wenigstens einem gleichen oder verschiedenen Heteroatomen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Sauerstoffatom, einem Schwefelatom und einem Stickstoffatom,

    eine substituierte 5- oder 6-gliedrige, heterocyclische Carbonyloxy-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe mit 1 oder 2 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen,

    eine 5- oder 6-gliedrige, heterocyclische Carbonylamino-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe mit wenigstens einem oder verschiedenen Heteroatomen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Sauerstoffatom, einem Schwefelatom und einem Stickstoffatom,

    eine substituierte 5- oder 6-gliedrige, heterocyclische Carbonylamino-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer Hydroxylgruppe, einer Cyangruppe, einer Nitrogruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe, einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe, einer Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe, einer Carboxylgruppe, einer (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe, einer Carbamoylgruppe und einer substituierten Carbamoylgruppe mit 1 oder 2 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen, oder

    eine Gruppe der Formel: -N=C(R5)R6 (worin R5 und R6, gleich oder verschieden voneinander, bedeuten

    ein Wasserstoffatom,

    eine (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe,

    eine Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

    eine (C3-6)-Cycloalkylgruppe,

    eine Phenylgruppe oder

    eine substituierte Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe und einer (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe oder

    R5 und R6 zusammen genommen werden können und bedeuten eine (C2-6)-Alkylengruppe, die durch O, S oder NR4 unterbrochen sein kann, worin R4 ein Wasserstoffatom oder eine (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe ist); und Y bedeutet O, S oder NR4, worin NR4 vorstehend definiert ist],

    oder eine Gruppe der Formel:
    (worin X, gleich oder verschieden, bedeutet

       ein Halogenatom,

       eine Hydroxylgruppe,

       eine Cyangruppe,

       eine Nitrogruppe,

       eine (C1-6)-Alkylgruppe,

       eine Halo-(C1-6)-alkylgruppe,

       eine (C1-6)-Alkoxygruppe,

       eine Halo-(C1-6)-alkoxygruppe,

       eine Carboxylgruppe,

       eine (C1-12)-Alkoxycarbonylgruppe,

       eine Carbamoylgruppe und

       eine substituierte Carbamoylgruppe mit 1 oder 2 gleichen oder verschiedenen Substituenten, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Halogenatom, einer (C1-12)-Alkylgruppe, einer Phenylgruppe und einer substituierten Phenylgruppe, substituiert mit 1 bis 5 gleichen oder verschiedenen (C1-6)-Alkylgruppen; und

    n eine ganze Zahl von 0 bis 4 bedeutet).
  2. Verfahren zur Anwendung einer fungiziden Zusammensetzung welche das Aufbringen einer wirksamen Menge der fungiziden Zusammensetzung gemäß AnSpruch 1 auf eine Zielpflanze zum Zweck der Bekämpfung einer unerwünschten Pflanzenkrankheit umfasst.
  3. Verfahren zur Anwendung einer fungiziden Zusammensetzung, welche das Aufbringen einer wirksamen Menge der fungiziden Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 1 auf Samen einer Zielpflanze oder auf den Kultivierungsträger, der mit dem Samen einer Zielpflanze auszusäen ist, zum Zweck der Bekämpfung einer unerwünschten Pflanzenkrankheit.
  4. Verfahren zur Anwendung der fungiziden Zusammensetzung gemäß Anspruch 3, worin die Zielpflanze ein Getreide, eine Fruchtpflanze oder ein Gemüse ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A fungicidal composition comprising, as active ingredients thereof, a 1,2,3-thiadiazole derivative represented by the general formula (I) and at least one compound having a fungicidal activity against plant diseases selected from the group consisting of melanin synthesis inhibitors, strobilurins type fungicides, ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors, metal-containing fungicides, isoprothiolane, oxolinic acid and benzimidazole type fungicides, wherein the compound with a fungicidal activity is present in the fungicidal composition in an amount of 0.1 to 100 parts by weight per part by weight of the compound of general formula (I):
    wherein R1 represents hydrogen atom, (C1-6)alkyl group or (C3-7) cycloalkyl group; and

       R2 represents a group of the formula: CO-Y-R3    [wherein R3 represents hydrogen atom,

       (C1-20) alkyl group,

       halo (C1-20) alkyl group,

       (C2-20) alkenyl group,

       halo (C2-20) alkenyl group,

       (C2-20) alkynyl group,

       halo (C2-20) alkynyl group,

       (C3-12) cycloalkyl group,

       (C1-6) alkoxy (C1-6) alkyl group,

       (C1-6) alkoxy (C1-6) alkoxyl (C1-6) alkyl group,

       carboxy (C1-6) alkyl group,

       (C1-20) alkoxycarbonyl (C1-6) alkyl group,

       carbamoyl (C1-6) alkyl group,

       substituted carbamoyl (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of (C1-6) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with at least one same or different halogen atom or (C1-6) alkyl group,

       cyano (C1-6) alkyl group,

       (C1-6) alkylcarbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group,

       (C1-6) alkylcarbonylamino (C1-6) alkyl group,

       phenyl group,

       substituted phenyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups,

       phenyl (C1-6) alkyl group,

       substituted phenyl (C1-6) alkyl group having, on the ring thereof, 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups,

       phenylcarbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group,

       substituted phenylcarbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group having, on the ring thereof, 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups,

       phenylcarbonyl (C1-6) aminoalkyl group,

       substituted phenylcarbonyl (C1-6) aminoalkyl group having, on the ring thereof, 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups,

       5- or 6-membered heterocycle having at least one same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom,

       substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocycle having 1 to 5 same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups,

       5- or 6-membered heterocycle (C1-6) alkyl group having at least one same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom,

       substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocycle (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups,

       5- or 6-membered heterocycle carbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group having at least one same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom,

       substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocycle carbonyloxy (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups,

       5- or 6-membered heterocycle carbonylamino (C1-6) alkyl group having at least one same or different heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of oxygen atom, sulfur atom and nitrogen atom,

       substituted 5- or 6-membered heterocycle carbonylamino (C1-6) alkyl group having 1 to 5, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, hydroxyl group, cyano group, nitro group, (C1-6) alkyl group, halo (C1-6) alkyl group, (C1-6) alkoxy group, halo (C1-6) alkoxy group, carboxyl group, (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group, carbamoyl group and substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups, or

       a group of the formula: -N=C(R5)R6    (wherein R5 and R6, same or different each other,

          represent hydrogen atom,

          (C1-6) alkyl group,

          halo (C1-6) alkyl group,

          (C3-6) cycloalkyl group,

          phenyl group or

          substituted phenyl group substituted with same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-6) alkyl group and (C1-6) alkoxy group, or

          R5 and R6 may also be taken cojointly to represent

         (C2-6) alkylene group which may be intercepted by O, S or MR4 in which R4 is hydrogen atom or (C1-6) alkyl group); and

       Y represents O, S or NR4 in which NR4 is defined above],

       or a group of the formula:
    (wherein X, same or different, represents

       halogen atom,

       hydroxyl group,

       cyano group,

       nitro group,

       (C1-6) alkyl group,

       halo (C1-6) alkyl group,

       (C1-6) alkoxy group,

       halo (C1-6) alkoxy group,

       carboxyl group,

       (C1-12) alkoxycarbonyl group,

       carbamoyl group and

       substituted carbamoyl group having 1 or 2, same or different substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen atom, (C1-12) alkyl group, phenyl group and substituted phenyl group substituted with 1 to 5, same or different (C1-6) alkyl groups; and

       n represents an integer of 0 to 4).
  2. A method for using a fungicidal composition which comprises applying an effective quantity of the fungicidal composition according to Claim 1 to an objective plant for the purpose of controlling an undesirable plant disease.
  3. A method for using a fungicidal composition which comprises applying an effective quantity of the fungicidal composition according to Claim 1 to seed of an objective plant or to the cultivation carrier to be sown with seed of an objective plant for the purpose of controlling an undesirable plant disease.
  4. The method for using the fungicidal composition according to Claim 3, wherein said objective plant is a cereal, a fruit plant or a vegetable.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Composition fongicide contenant, en tant qu'ingrédients actifs de celle-ci, un dérivé de 1,2,3-thiadiazole représenté par la formule générale (I) et au moins un composé ayant une activité fongicide contre des maladies de plantes choisi dans le groupe constitué des inhibiteurs de la synthèse de la mélanine, des fongicides de type strobilurine, des inhibiteurs de la biosynthèse de l'ergostérol, des fongicides contenant un métal, de l'isoprothiolane, de l'acide oxolinique et des fongicides de type benzimidazole, dans laquelle le composé ayant une activité fongicide est présent dans la composition fongicide en une quantité comprise dans la plage allant de 0,1 à 100 parties en poids par partie en poids du composé de formule générale (I) :
    dans laquelle :
    • R1 représente un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1-C6 ou un groupe cycloalkyle en C3-C7 ; et
    • R2 représente un groupe de formule : CO-Y-R3 [dans laquelle R3 représente un atome d'hydrogène,

         un groupe alkyle en C1-C20,

         un groupe halogénoalkyle en C1-C20,

         un groupe alcényle en C2-C20,

         un groupe halogénoalcényle en C2-C20,

         un groupe alcynyle en C2-C20,

         un groupe halogénoalcynyle en C2-C20,

         un groupe cycloalkyle en C3-C12,

         un groupe alcoxy en C1-C6 alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe alcoxy en C1-C6 alcoxyle en C1-C6 alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe carboxy alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe alcoxy en C1-C20 carbonyle alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe carbamoyle alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe carbamoyle alkyle en C1-C6 substitué ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, du groupe phényle, des groupes phényle substitué par au moins un même ou différents atomes d'halogène ou groupes alkyles en C1-C6,

         un groupe cyano alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe alkyl en C1-C6 carbonyloxy alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe alkylcarbonylamino en C1-C6 alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe phényle,

         un groupe phényle substitué ayant 1 à 5 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano, du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et des groupes carbamoyle substitués ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et des groupes phényle substitués par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents,

         un groupe phényl alkyle en C1-C6,

         un groupe phényl alkyle en C1-C6 substitué ayant, sur le cycle de celui-ci, 1 à 5 substituants identiques
    ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano, du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, du groupe carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et des groupes carbamoyle substitués ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué d'un atome d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et du groupe phényle substitué par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents,

       un groupe phénylcarbonyloxy alkyle en C1-C6,

       un groupe phénylcarbonyloxy alkyle en C1-C6 substitué ayant, sur le cycle de celui-ci, 1 à 5 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano, du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, du groupe carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et des groupes carbamoyle substitués ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et des groupes phényle substitués par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents,

       un groupe phénylcarbonyle aminoalkyle en C1-C6,

       un groupe phénylcarbonyle aminoalkyle en C1-C6 substitué ayant, sur le cycle de celui-ci, 1 à 5 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano, du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, du groupe carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et du groupe carbamoyle substitué ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et des groupes phényle substitués par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents,

       un hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons ayant au moins un même ou différents hétéroatomes choisis dans le groupe constitué de l'atome d'oxygène, de l'atome de soufre et de l'atome d'azote,

       un hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons substitué ayant 1 à 5 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano, du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, du groupe carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et des groupes carbamoyle substitué ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et du groupe phényle substitué par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents,

       un groupe hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons alkyle en C1-C6 ayant au moins un même ou différents hétéroatomes choisis dans le groupe constitué de l'atome d'oxygène, de l'atome de soufre et de l'atome d'azote,

       un groupe hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons alkyle en C1-C6 substitué ayant 1 à 5 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano; du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, du groupe carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et des groupes carbamoyle substitués ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et des groupes phényle substitués par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents,

       un groupe hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons carbonyloxy alkyle en C1-C6 ayant au moins un même ou différents hétéroatomes choisis dans le groupe constitué de l'atome d'oxygène, de l'atome de soufre et de l'atome d'azote,

       un groupe hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons carbonyloxy alkyle en C1-C6 substitué ayant 1 à 5 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano, du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, du groupe carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et des groupes carbamoyle substitués ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et des groupes phényle substitués par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents,

       un groupe hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons carbonylamino alkyle en C1-C6 ayant au moins un même ou différents hétéroatomes choisis dans le groupe constitué de l'atome d'oxygène, de l'atome de soufre et de l'atome d'azote,

       un groupe hétérocycle à 5 ou 6 chaînons carbonylamino alkyle en C1-C6 substitué ayant 1 à 5 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, du groupe hydroxyle, du groupe cyano, du groupe nitro, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalkyle en C1-C6, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, des groupes halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6, du groupe carboxyle, des groupes alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle, du groupe carbamoyle et des groupes carbamoyle substitués ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et des groupes phényle substitués par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents, ou

       un groupe de formule : -N=C(R5)R6 [dans laquelle R5 et R6, identiques ou différents l'un de l'autre, représentent

       un atome d'hydrogène,

       un groupe alkyle en C1-C6,

       un groupe halogénoalkyle en C1-C6,

       un groupe cycloalkyle en C3-C6,

       un groupe phényle, ou

       un groupe phényle substitué par des substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C6 et des groupes alcoxy en C1-C6, ou

    R5 et R6 peuvent être pris conjointement pour représenter

       un groupe alkylène en C2-C6, qui peut être interrompu par O, S ou NR4 dans lequel R4 est un atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C6 ; et

       Y représente O, S ou NR4 dans lequel R4 est comme défini ci-dessus],

       ou un groupe de formule :
    [dans laquelle X, identique ou différent, représente

       un atome d'halogène,

       un groupe hydroxyle,

       un groupe cyano,

       un groupe nitro,

       un groupe alkyle en C1-C6,

       un groupe halogénoalkyle en C1-C6,

       un groupe alcoxy en C1-C6,

       un groupe halogénoalcoxy en C1-C6,

       un groupe carboxyle,

       un groupe alcoxy en C1-C12 carbonyle,

       un groupe carbamoyle, et

       un groupe carbamoyle substitué ayant 1 ou 2 substituants identiques ou différents choisis dans le groupe constitué des atomes d'halogène, des groupes alkyle en C1-C12, du groupe phényle et des groupes phényle substitués par 1 à 5 groupes alkyle en C1-C6, identiques ou différents ; et

       n représente un nombre entier de 0 à 4].
  2. Procédé pour l'utilisation d'une composition fongicide comprenant l'application d'une quantité efficace de la composition fongicide selon la revendication 1 à une plante cible dans le but de contrôler une maladie non désirée de la plante.
  3. Procédé pour l'utilisation d'une composition fongicide comprenant l'application d'une quantité efficace de la composition fongicide selon la revendication 1 à une graine d'une plante cible ou au support de culture à semer avec une graine d'une plante cible dans le but de contrôler une maladie non désirée de la plante.
  4. Procédé pour l'utilisation de la composition fongicide selon la revendication 3, dans lequel ladite plante cible est une céréale, une plante à fruit ou un légume.






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