PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1075437 18.09.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 1075437
Titel VERPACKUNG FÜR SCHNITTBLUMEN
Anmelder Pagter & Partners International B.V., Dinteloord, NL
Erfinder HELSLOOT, Carolus, Joannes, NL-5211 TZ 's-Hertogenbosch, NL;
DE PAGTER, Adriaan, Janus, NL-4671 AB Dinteloord, NL
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69910371
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IT, LI, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 06.05.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999212806
WO-Anmeldetag 06.05.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/NL99/00273
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0099057040
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 11.11.1999
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.02.2001
EP date of grant 13.08.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 18.09.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse B65D 85/50

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a packaging for cut flowers comprising: a rectangular crate with sloping side walls which are provided close to their top walls with a channel that projects outwards and is open at the top, the base of which channel serves to support a foldable rectangular protective tube.

Packaging of this type is known in practice and is essentially described in EP-B 0 311 174.

The purpose of the rectangular tube is to protect those parts of cut flowers placed in the crate which extend above the crate during transport and during presentation at auction or when put up for sale at wholesale markets. A plastic cover is placed on the tube, which cover can be removed in order to assess the quality of the flowers. After the packaging, including tube and cover, has been transported, following auctioning or sale, to a shop or any place in the world, the rectangular tube is removed, the cut flowers fanning out in the crate and not having to be transferred to a bucket.

If the empty crates are nested deeply into one another in order, for example, to be returned to the sender, the inner flange of the channel of a lower crate, which channel is open at the top, could bind on the outer surface of the sloping crate walls of a higher crate, with the result that separating a stack of crates nested in one another presents problems.

The aim is so to improve the packaging mentioned in the preamble that the crates can be nested deeply into one another without the risk of binding.

To this end the packaging mentioned in the preamble is characterised in that a shoulder extends between the top edge of the sloping side walls of the crate and the base or the bottom end of the inner flange of the said channel open at the top.

The said shoulder can serve as a support for a rectangular presentation collar. This is important in particular in the case of somewhat longer cut flowers (for example roses with a stem length of 1 metre). After removing the said protective tube the flowers could fan out far beyond the top edge of the crate. The rectangular presentation collar counteracts this.

Said presentation collar is shorter than the protective tube, so that the top part of the flower stems with flowers extends well above the top edge of the presentation collar. The presentation collar preferably consists of a foldable tube made of plastic and said collar can be provided with openings and printed with advertising.

Preferably, ribs are arranged on the said shoulder to reinforce the inner flange of the channel open at the top. In this case cut-outs or recesses are arranged in the bottom edge of the presentation collar to allow passage of said ribs.

After having been removed at an angle from the top of the crate, the foldable rectangular protective tube can be utilised to support the crate. To this end the under surface of the base of the channel open at the top can form the base surface of a channel open at the bottom, which is intended to form a seating channel for the top edge of the protective tube if the crate is inserted from above into a rectangular protective tube. The protective tube can have been printed with advertising copy or the like.

Usually the crate is provided with hand grip openings in two side faces located opposite one another. In order to anchor the presentation collar, a strip projecting outwards can have been fixed to the bottom edge of each of two opposing walls of said collar, which strip extends through a hand grip opening and engages on the top edge thereof.

The packaging also comprises a cover that fits on the protective tube. On its top surface the cover is provided with ribs, on which a crate stacked on top can bear in such a way that a ventilation gap is produced between the top surface of the cover and the bottom surface of a crate stacked on top. Said ventilation gap is beneficial for the quality of the packed flowers.

Positioning ridges for lateral positioning of a crate stacked on the cover are preferably arranged on the top surface of the cover, which ridges project above the ribs and are nestable in the case of covers stacked on top of one another. As a result of the nestable ridges, covers stacked on top of one another take up little height when being returned to the sender.

Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a complete flower packaging according to the invention in the transport position.

Figure 2 shows a perspective view of a complete flower packaging according to the invention in the presentation position for long cut flowers.

Figure 3 shows a cross-section through a side wall section of two crates nested in one another.

Figure 4 shows a cross-section at the location of a hand grip opening through part of the side wall of a crate, the protective tube, the cover and the presentation collar in the transport position according to Figure 1.

Figure 5 shows a cross-section through part of the side wall of a crate, the protective tube and the presentation collar in the presentation position according to Figure 2.

Figure 6 shows a view of a crate that is bearing on the cover of a crate beneath it.

Figure 7 shows a plan view of the crate.

Figure 8 shows a bottom view of the crate.

Figure 9 shows a cross-section of part of a number of covers stacked on one another.

Figure 10 shows a cross-section of part of a number of covers stacked on one another, according to an alternative embodiment.

The packaging shown for cut flowers comprises a rectangular crate 1 that is usually made of plastic, a rectangular protective tube 2 that is usually made of cardboard or thin plastic and has been folded from a blank, a cover 3 that is usually made of plastic, and a tubular presentation collar 4. The latter can be a useful addition in the case of long flowers but is not necessary. The collar 4 will not be used with short flowers.

At its top edge the crate 1 has a channel which projects outwards and has an outer flange 5, an inner flange 6 and a base 7. The channel 5, 6, 7 is open at the top. The crate has sloping side walls such that it is nestable in a similar crate. There are two relatively long side walls located opposite one another and two short side walls located opposite one another. A hand grip opening 8 has been made in each of the short side walls immediately below the channel 5, 6, 7. The crate can also be square.

In the transport position (see Figures 1 and 4) the rectangular protective tube 2 bears on the base 7 of the channel 5, 6, 7 of the crate 1 and the L-shaped peripheral edge of the cover 3 is placed on said tube.

A shoulder 9 is arranged on the inside of the channel 5, 6, 7 open at the top, approximately at the height of the base 6 thereof, which shoulder 9, as can be seen from the plan view in Figure 7, is broadest at the comers of the crate and gradually narrows towards the middle of the side walls of the crate. It is not precluded that the width of the shoulder remains constant. As can be seen from Figure 3, as a consequence of the presence of the shoulder 9, the top end of the inner flange 6 of the channel 5, 6, 7, open at the top, of a lower crate will not come into binding contact with the outer surface of a side wall of the higher crate when the crates are nested deeply into one another.

The shoulder 9 is provided with ribs 10a, which reinforce the inner flange 6 of the channel open at the top. The shoulder can also serve to support a tubular presentation collar 4 which, for example, is made of a lightweight plastic or an interior to hold individual flowers in place. Said collar 4 serves to prevent the stems of long cut flowers from fanning out too far after removal of the protective tube 2, as a result of which the presentation of the flowers at the point of sale is improved. Cut-outs 10b, intended to allow the passage of the ribs 10a, have been made in the bottom edge of the collar 4. In order to position the collar 4 firmly on the shoulder 9, use is made of two L-shaped elements 11 fixed to the short sides of the collar 4, the horizontal flange of said elements being inserted through a hand grip opening 8 such that the top surface of said horizontal flange engages on the bottom surface of the base 7 of the channel 5, 6, 7.

Openings 13 have been made in the base of the channel 5, 6, 7. A channel open at the bottom is arranged on the underside of the base 7 of the channel 5, 6, 7 open at the top, which channel open at the bottom is formed by an outer flange 14, the wall of a crate 1 and the bottom surface of the base 7 of the channel 5, 6, 7. Reinforcing ribs 15 are arranged on said bottom surface, the height of which ribs is appreciably less than that of the outer flange 14. As Figures 2 and 5 show, the protective tube 2 is placed on the ground, the top edge of the protective tube 2 extends into the channel 14, 7, 1 open at the bottom and engages on the shallow ribs 15. This position promotes the presentation in the shop, in particular if the protective tube is provided with printing. The outer flange 14 can consist of a number of ridges positioned some distance apart.

Four pairs of positioning ridges 16 are positioned on the top surface of the cover. Said ridges protrude above a number of ribs 17. The ridges serve to stop a crate of a subsequent pack stood on the cover of a pack from shifting from the cover. The ridges 16 are nestable when a number of covers are stacked (see Figure 9). The stack of covers is thus not unnecessarily high. It can be seen from Figure 6 that the ribs 17 positioned on the top surface of the covers serve as support for a crate stacked thereon, there being a relatively high ventilation gap between the crate and a grid pattern 18 of curved strips.

Small quadrant-shaped ridges 19 are arranged at the four comers of the cover to prevent covers stacked on one another from turning relative to one another. Furthermore, reinforcing strips can have been arranged along the side edges of the cover.

The embodiment according to Figure 10 differs from that according to Figure 9 in that the ribs 17 have acquired a sloping position, as a result of which they are able to nest. The nest height of the covers remains the same, whilst the ribs can be higher and the covers acquire approximately twice the rigidity. Keeping the nest height constant is important for keeping the transport costs low.

Depending on the height of the loading space in a lorry and on the height of the protective tube, it is possible to stack more than two packagings on top of one another.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verpackung für Schnittblumen aufweisend: eine rechteckige Gitterkiste (1) mit abgeschrägten Seitenwänden, welche nahe zu ihren oberen Wänden mit einem Kanal (5, 6, 7) versehen sind, der nach außen ragt und oben offen ist, wobei die Basis des Kanals zum Stützen eines faltbaren, rechteckigen Schutzschlauchs (2) dient, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Schulter (9) zwischen der oberen Kante der abgeschrägten Seitenwände der Gitterkiste und der Basis (7) oder dem unteren Ende des inneren Flansches (6) des Kanals (5, 6, 7), der nach oben offen ist, sich erstreckt.
  2. Verpackung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schulter (9) als Stütze für einen rechteckigen Präsentationskragen (4) oder einem Innenteil zum Halten einzelner Blumen an ihrer Stelle dient.
  3. Verpackung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Rippen (10a) zum Verstärken des inneren Flansches (6) des Kanals (5, 6, 7), der nach oben offen ist, an der Schulter (9) angeordnet worden sind und dass der Präsentationskragen an seiner unteren Kante mit Ausschnitten (10b) versehen ist, um das Durchgehen der Rippen (10a) zu erlauben.
  4. Verpackung nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die untere Oberfläche der Basis (7) des Kanals (5, 6, 7), der nach oben offen ist, die Basisoberfläche eines Kanals (1, 7, 14) bildet, der unten offen ist, der dazu bestimmt ist, einen Sitz-Kanal für die obere Kante des Schutzschlauchs (2) zu bilden, wenn eine Gitterkiste von oben in einen rechteckigen Schutzschlauch (2) eingeführt ist.
  5. Verpackung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Rippen (15) von relativ niedriger Höhe an der Basisoberfläche des Kanals (1, 7, 14), der nach unten offen ist, angeordnet sind.
  6. Verpackung nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Gitterkiste mit Handgrifföffnungen (8) an zwei Seitenflächen, die gegenüber zueinander angeordnet sind, versehen ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Streifen (11), welcher nach außen vorragt, an der unteren Kante von jedem der zwei gegenüberliegenden Wände des Präsentationskragens (4) befestigt ist, welcher Streifen (11) durch eine Handgrifföffnung (8) sich hindurch erstreckt und an der oberen Kante davon in Eingriff steht.
  7. Verpackung nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Verpackung auch einen Deckel (3) umfasst, welcher auf das rechteckige Gestell passt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass an seiner oberen Oberfläche der Deckel (3) mit Rippen (17) versehen ist, auf welche ein Gitterkasten oben aufgestapelt getragen werden kann in solch einer Weise, dass eine Belüftungslücke zwischen einem Gittermuster (18) von Streifen und der unteren Oberfläche eines Gitterkastens, welcher auf die Rippen (17) gestapelt ist, erzeugt wird.
  8. Verpackung nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Positioniervorsprünge (16) für ein seitliches Positionieren des Gitterkastens, der auf dem Deckel gestapelt ist, auf der oberen Oberfläche des Deckels angeordnet sind, welche Vorsprünge über die Rippen (17) hervorragen und ineinander geschachtelt sind im Falle von übereinander gestapelten Deckeln.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Packaging for cut flowers comprising: a rectangular crate (1) with sloping side walls which are provided close to their top walls with a channel (5, 6, 7) that projects outwards and is open at the top, the base of which channel serves to support a foldable rectangular protective tube (2), characterised in that a shoulder (9) extends between the top edge of the sloping side walls of the crate and the base (7) or the bottom end of the inner flange (6) of the said channel (5, 6, 7) open at the top.
  2. Packaging according to Claim 1, characterised in that the said shoulder (9) serves as support for a rectangular presentation collar (4) or an interior for holding individual flowers in place.
  3. Packaging according to Claim 2, characterised in that ribs (10a) to reinforce the inner flange (6) of the channel (5, 6, 7) open at the top have been arranged on the said shoulder (9) and in that the presentation collar is provided at its bottom edge with cut-outs (10b) to allow passage of the ribs (10a).
  4. Packaging according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the under surface of the base (7) of said channel (5, 6, 7) open at the top forms the base surface of a channel (1, 7, 14) open at the bottom, which is intended to form a seating channel for the top edge of the protective tube (2) if a crate is inserted from above into a rectangular protective tube (2).
  5. Packaging according to Claim 4, characterised in that ribs (15) of relatively low height are arranged on the base surface of the channel (1, 7, 14) open at the bottom.
  6. Packaging according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the crate is provided with hand grip openings (8) in two side faces located opposite one another, characterised in that a strip (11) projecting outwards is fixed to the bottom edge of each of two opposing walls of the presentation collar (4), which strip (11) extends through a hand grip opening (8) and engages on the top edge thereof.
  7. Packaging according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the packaging also comprises a cover (3) which fits on the rectangular holder, characterised in that on its top surface the cover (3) is provided with ribs (17), on which a crate stacked on top can bear in such a way that a ventilation gap is produced between a grid pattern (18) of strips and the bottom surface of a crate stacked on the ribs (17).
  8. Packaging according to Claim 7, characterised in that positioning ridges (16) for lateral positioning of a crate stacked on the cover are arranged on the top surface of the cover, which ridges project above the ribs (17) and are nestable in the case of covers stacked on top of one another.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Emballage pour fleurs coupées comprenant : une caisse rectangulaire (1) avec des parois latérales obliques qui sont pourvues, à proximité de leurs parois supérieures, d'une gorge (5, 6, 7) qui dépasse vers l'extérieur et qui est ouverte en haut, dont la base sert à supporter un tube de protection rectangulaire pliable (2), caractérisé en ce qu'un épaulement (9) s'étend entre le bord supérieur des parois latérales obliques de la caisse et la base (7) ou l'extrémité inférieure de la bride intérieure (6) de ladite gorge (5, 6, 7) ouverte en haut.
  2. Emballage selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit épaulement (9) sert de support pour un collier de présentation rectangulaire (4) ou un intérieur pour maintenir des fleurs individuelles en place.
  3. Emballage selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que des nervures (10a) pour renforcer la bride intérieure (6) de la gorge (5, 6,7) ouverte en haut ont été disposées sur ledit épaulement (9) et en ce que le collier de présentation est pourvu, à son bord inférieur, de découpures (10b) pour permettre le passage des nervures (10a).
  4. Emballage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que la surface inférieure de la base (7) de ladite gorge (5, 6, 7) ouverte en haut forme la surface de base d'une gorge (1, 7, 14) ouverte en bas, qui est conçue pour former une gorge d'appui pour le bord supérieure du tube de protection (2) si une caisse est insérée par le haut dans un tube de protection rectangulaire (2).
  5. Emballage selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que des nervures (15) d'une hauteur relativement faible sont disposées sur la surface de base de la gorge (1, 7, 14) ouverte en bas.
  6. Emballage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la caisse est pourvue d'ouvertures (8) pour prise manuelle sur deux côtés latéraux opposés l'un à l'autre, caractérisé en ce qu'une bande (11) débordant vers l'extérieur est fixée au bord inférieur de chacune des deux parois opposées du colliers de présentation (4), laquelle bande (11) s'étend à travers une ouverture pour prise manuelle (8) et s'engage dans le bord supérieur de celle-ci.
  7. Emballage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'emballage comprend également un couvercle (3) qui s'adapte au support rectangulaire, caractérisé en ce que, sur sa surface supérieure, le couvercle est pourvu de nervures (17) sur lesquelles une caisse empilée pardessus peut s'appuyer de manière à ce qu'un espace de ventilation soit ménagé entre un motif de grillage (18) de bandes et la surface inférieure d'une caisse empilée sur les nervures (17).
  8. Emballage selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que des arêtes de positionnement (16) pour le positionnement latéral d'une caisse empilée sur le couvercle sont disposées sur la surface supérieure du couvercle, lesquelles arêtes font saillie au-dessus des nervures (17) et peuvent être emboîtées dans le cas de caisses empilées les unes sur les autres.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com