PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0812948 02.10.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0812948
Titel Faseriges desodorierendes Material und Verfahren zu seiner Herstellung
Anmelder Toray Industries, Inc., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Tabata, Jirou, Otsu-shi, Shiga 520, JP;
Kanaya, Toshiharu, Oumihatiman-shi, Shiga 523, JP;
Hirata, Masayuki, Otsu-shi, Shiga 520, JP;
Saito, Kouichi, Kusatsu-shi, JP;
Hori, Kouji, Wakayama-shi, Wakayama 640, JP;
Kawaguchi, Kouichi, Wakayama-shi, Wakayama 640, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69724337
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 11.06.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 973040611
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.12.1997
EP date of grant 27.08.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 02.10.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse D06M 11/00
IPC-Nebenklasse D06M 13/00   D06M 11/63   D06M 15/356   D06M 15/00   A61L 9/01   D06M 13/338   

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a deodorant fibrous material and a method of producing the material and, more particularly, to a deodorant fibrous material that has a durable excellent deodorizing characteristic for bad odors, such as ammonium, amines, hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans and the like, and aldehydes, acetic acid and the like contained in tobacco odors, and the like, and that has a soft texture, and a method of producing the deodorant fibrous material.

BACKGROUND ART

Recently there has been a further growing demand for high level deodorizing functions provided in fibrous products such as clothing, household articles, interior products, various industrial materials and the like. Conventionally proposed as methods for providing deodorizing characteristics for fibrous materials are a method in which a deodorant substance is kneaded into the interior of polymers during synthetic fiber yarn production and a method in which a deodorizing agent is fixed to surfaces of fibers with a binder. As an example of the former method, a polyester fiber Japanese patent publication (Kokoku) No. Hei JP- B- 7-81206) containing titanium dioxide particles carrying phthalocyanine polycarboxylate thereon or the like may be cited. As an example of the latter method, a fiber (Japanese patent application laid-open (Kokai) No. Hei JP-A-7-189120) coated with a deodorization catalyst for oxidative decomposition of odor components, or the like, may be cited.

However, according to conventional methods, the kinds of odor component that can be deodorized are limited, and the deodorization effect on, for example, complex odors such as tobacco odor, containing large amounts of odor component such as aldehydes, acetic acid and the like, is insufficient. Furthermore, the conventional methods have problems in that for selection of deodorizing agents, the particle diameter, heat resistance, the affinity to fibrous polymer and the like are remarkably restricted, and the physical properties of material yarn are degraded. In addition, the aforementioned latter method has problems in that the texture becomes rough, and the washing durability is low, etc.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

The present invention addresses and solves the problem of providing a deodorant fibrous material that has a durable excellent deodorizing characteristic for bad odors, such as ammonium, amines, hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans and aldehydes and acetic acid contained in tobacco odors, and that can be provided with a soft texture, and a method of producing the deodorant fibrous material.

One aspect of the present invention provides a fibrous material wherein (1) an inorganic type component (partially or entirely replaceable by a polyorganic acid, ester or salt thereof), (2) a polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the following general formula [I] and/or a hydrazide compound and (3) a synthetic resin are attached to a surface of a fibrous material.

(In the formula, R indicates a CHO group or a CH 3 CO group, and n and m, independently of one another, are respective integers) .

Another aspect of the present invention provides a product formed from the aforementioned deodorant fibrous material.

Yet another aspect of the invention provides a method of producing a deodorant fibrous material comprising applying to a surface of a fibrous material, preferably by a padding or coating method, a liquid deodorant composition comprising each of the abovementioned components (1)-(3), each of which respective components may be, independently of one another, dispersed or dissolved in a liquid medium, and then subjecting the fibrous material to heat treatment.

Prior to application of the deodorant composition as described above, the fibrous material may be subjected to immersion in a treatment bath of a liquid containing a cycloalkane halide compound.

Especially after pretreatment with the cycloalkane halide compound, the fibrous material may be treated with a deodorant composition containing, in addition to the deodorant and binder components (1)-(3) a copolymer of a polyalkylene glycol with an aromatic dicarboxylic acid and an alkylene glycol.

The present invention is able to produce a durable and excellent deodorizing characteristic for bad odors, such as ammonium, amines, hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans and, example, aldehydes and acetic acid contained in tobacco odors, and also provide a soft texture.

Preferred embodiments of the invention will now be described.

As a fibrous material for use in the present invention, any fiber that is conventionally used for fibrous products, such as clothes, house furnishings, interior products and various industrial materials may be used. For example, synthetic fibers or semi-synthetic fibers formed from a synthetic resin, for example, a polyalkylene terephthalate such as polyethylene terephthalate or polybutylene terephthalate, or a polyester copolymer of a polyalkylene terephthalate mentioned above and a third component, a polyamide such as nylon 6 or nylon 66, a polyamide copolymer of a polyamide mentioned above and a third component, a polyolefin such as polyethylene or polypropylene polyvinyl chloride, an acrylic resin, an acetate resin, a regenerated fiber such as Bemberg or rayon or the like, a cellulosic fiber such as cotton, flax, hemp, ramie, jute or Manila hemp, a protein type fiber such as wool or silk may be used.

These fibers may be used separately as a single component or in the form ot a composite fibrous material obtained by blending, filament-combining, twisting, or weaving or knitting two or more species of the fibers. The fiber may take various forms, for example, filament, staple, textile, non-woven fabric or sewed products.

These fibrous materials may be materials containing or treated with an additive, such as a dye, a pigment, an anti-oxidizing agent, a heat resistant agent, an anti-UV agent, a plasticizing agent, an antibacterial agent or a flame retardant agent, which has been added in a fiber production step or a post- processing step.

Among the aforementioned fibrous materials, a polyester fiber formed from a polyester, such as polyethylene terephthalate or polybutylene terephthalate, or a textile, a non- woven fabric or a sewed product containing a polyester fiber mentioned above, may be suitably used as a fibrous material for the present invention. The polyester is particularly suitable if used in a material provided with flame retardancy by a cycloalkane halide compound.

As a deodorizing agent in the deodorant fibrous material of the present invention, inorganic type components, i.e. components providing at least one inorganic element (but including active carbon), combined with polvinyl amine compounds indicated by the general formula [I] and/or hydrazide compounds are used.

Preferably used as an inorganic type component are porous substances formed from, for example, silicon dioxide, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide or aluminum oxide, porous substances such as zeolite, silica gel or active carbon, or organic acid salts such as acetates or citrates, inorganic acid salts such as sulfates or nitrates, chlorides, hydroxides or oxides of metal such as copper, zinc, silver, lead, iron, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, manganese, nickel or cobalt. Particularly preferred are copper compounds that chelates with nitrogen atoms in a synthetic resin thereby improving the compatibility of the treating liquid and improving the washing durability of these compounds.

The average particle diameter of the porous substance used as an inorganic type compound is preferably 0.3 - 100 µ m and, particularly preferably, 0.5 - 10 µ m, if the porous substance is a compound difficult to dissolve in water. If the average particle diameter is greater than 100 µ m, the surface roughness feel of the fibrous material becomes considerable, and the texture also becomes rough and hard. If the average particle diameter is too small, industrial production becomes difficult, causing a reduction in productivity. Therefore, it is preferably at least 0.3 µ m.

As for a porous substance, amorphous substances formed from silicon dioxide and zinc oxide are particularly preferred among the aforementioned substances. It is preferred that among such porous substances, a porous substance having a specific surface area of 10-150 m 2/g and, preferably, 50 - 100 m 2 /g be used.

If a metallic compound of at least one of copper and zinc is used as an inorganic type compound, the deodorization effect on odors, such as hydrogen sulfide or mercaptans, can be increased. (Preferred examples of the metallic compound of zinc or copper are organic acid salts such as citrates and acetates, inorganic acid salts such as nitrates, sulfates, chlorides and hydroxides and oxides of copper or zinc.

The amount of the inorganic type compound attached is preferably 0.05 - 10% owf and, more preferably, 0.1 - 5% owf relative to the fibrous material. If the amount attached is less than 0.05% owf, it becomes hard to obtain a sufficient deodorization effect. If it is greater than 10% owf, there is a tendency that the texture of the fibrous material will become rough and hard and the surface roughness feel will increase. In the case of a dyed product, the shade or tint dulling tends to increase.

The polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the general formula [I] has an effect as a deodorizing agent in the deodorization of aldehydes. The polyvinyl amine compound can be obtained by polymerization of, for example, N-vinyl formmide or N-vinyl acetamide in an aqueous solution followed by hydrolysis by an acid or a base. It is also possible to copolymerize other type of vinyl monomers, for example, acrylic acid, acrylamide, acrylonitrile, ethylene, styrene or vinyl acetate during the polymerization of the polyvinyl amine compound.

The molecular weight of the polyvinyl amine compound is preferably within a range of about 10 thousands to about 200 thousands. If the molecular weight is less than 10 thousands, the water solubility increases so that the washing durability after attachment to the fibrous material becomes insufficient. If the molecular weight is greater than 200 thousands, the viscosity increases so that it becomes difficult to mix with the inorganic type compound. In said general formula [I], n is preferably within a range of about 150 to 4650, and m is preferably within a range of about 0 to 850.

As examples of the hydrazide compound used according to the present invention, monohydrazides such as formohydrazide, acetohydrazide, hydrazide propionate, hydrazide laurate, hydrazide stearate, hydrazide salicylate, hydrazide benzoate, hydrazide p-hydroxybenzoate, methyl carbazate, ethyl carbazate and semicarbazide hydrochloride dihydrazides such as carbohydrazide, dihydrazide oxalate, dihydrazide malonate, dihydrazide succinate, dihydrazide glutarate, dihydrazide adipate, dihydrazide pimelate, dihydrazide suberate, dihydrazide azelate, dihydrazide sebacate, dihydrazide terephthalate, dihydrazide isophthalate, dihydrazide tartarate, dihydrazide malate, dihydrazide iminodiacetate, dihydrazide itaconate, dodecane dihydrazide, hexadecane dihydrazide, dihydrazide 2,6-naphthoate, dihydrazide 1,4-naphthoate, 4,4-bisbenzene dihydrazide, 2,6-pyridine • dihydrazide, 1,4-cyclohexanedihydrazide and N,N'-hexamethylene bis-semicarbazide, trihydrazides such as trihydrazide citrate, trihydrazide pyromellitate, 1,2,4-benzene trihydrazide, trihydrazide nitriloacetate and trihydrazide cyclohexane tricarboxylate, tetrahydrazides such as tetrahydrazide ethylenediaminc tetraacetate and tetrahydrazide 1,4,5,8-naphthoate may be cited. Hydrazide compounds having two or more hydrazino groups are particularly suitable.

The amount of polyamine compound or hydrazide compound attached is preferably 0.01-20% owf and, more preferably, 0.05 - 5% owf relative to the fibrous material. If the amount attached is less than 0.01% owf, there is a tendency that the it will become difficult to obtain a sufficient deodorizing effect on aldehydes. If it is greater than 20% owf, there is a tendency that the texture of the fibrous material will become rough and hard.

According to the present invention, it is especially preferred to use an emulsifying dispersion agent in order to uniformly disperse an inorganic type compound used as a deodorizing agent in an aqueous solution and, thereby, prevent precipitation of the inorganic type compound. This is because if an inorganic type compound and a polyvinyl amine compound or a hydrazide compound and a synthetic resin are simply mixed, aggregation will occur so that uniform attachment to a surface of the fibrous material cannot be achieved. A preferred emulsifying dispersion agent is a polyvinyl alcohol or a solvent that has penetrating characteristics; i.e. that is capable of penetrating the fibrous material.

Polyvinyl alcohol is effective not only as an emulsifying dispersion agent but also as an agent for improving the washing durability of the inorganic type compound. The molecular weight of the polyvinyl alcohol is preferably about 2000 - 100,000 and, more preferably, 5000 - 50,000. If the molecular weight is less than 2000, the viscosity of the deodorizing agent will be small and there is a tendency that the inorganic type compound will not uniformly disperse but precipitate, or a tendency that the texture of the fibrous material will become rough and hard if a crosslinking agent is present. If the molecular weight is greater than 100,000, there is a tendency that the water solubility will become small and the function as an emulsifying dispersion agent will not readily be achieved.

Examples of the solvent having a penetrating characteristic for uniformly dispersing the inorganic type compound while preventing aggregation thereof are alcohols , glycols and cellosolve. Isopropyl alcohol, methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, methyl cellosolve and ethyl cellosolve are particularly suitable.

A synthetic resin used according to the present invention is a synthetic resin that is to function as a binder for retaining (attaching) the inorganic type compound and the polyamine compound or hydrazide compound used as deodorizing agents, onto a surface of the fibrous material. Although less preferred, the synthetic resin binder may play a dual role in that it may also provide the polyamine compound and/or may also have, chemically bound to it, for example by chelation, the inorganic type compound.

Preferred synthetic resins are urethane based resin, acrylic based resin, aminoplast resin, epoxy based resin, glyoxal based resin and ethylene urea resin. Among these, urethane based resin or acrylic based resin are especially preferable in view of texture and durability. Particularly preferred is urethane based resin.

The urethane resin is preferably used in the form of a polyurethane resin based emulsion or aqueous solution. Specific examples of the polyurethane resin based emulsion or aqueous solution are "Elastoron" (trade name) and "SuperFlex" (trade name) by Dai-ichi Kogyo Seiyaku (Kabushiki Gaisha), and "Hydran" (trade name) by Dainippon Ink Kagaku Kogyo (Kabushiki Gaisha).

The amount of synthetic resin attached to the fibrous material is preferably 0.01 - 10% owf and, more preferably, 0.03 - 2% owf. If the amount of synthetic resin attached is less than 0.01% owf, the washing durability becomes insufficient. If it is greater than 10% owf, there is a tendency that the texture of the fibrous material will become rough and hard.

According to the present invention, it is possible to use a poly-organic acid, ester or salt in place of or together with the aforementioned metallic compound formed from, for example, copper or zinc. Examples of the poly-organic acid, ester or polyorganic salt are copolymers of appropriate combinations of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid and alkyl esters of these substances and, for example, vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride, allylsulfonic acid, methacrylsulfonic acid, vinyl sulfonic acid and styrene sulfonic acid, and metallic salts of these substances and metals such as copper, zinc, silver, lead, iron, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, manganese, nickel and cobalt The poly-organic acid, ester or salt may be present on a porous inorganic type component.

The amount of poly- organic acid, acid ester or acid salt attached to the fibrous material is preferably 0.01 - 10% owf and, particularly preferably, within the range of 0.03 - 2% owf. If the amount of poly- organic acid, ester or salt attached is less than 0.01% owf, the deodorizing characteristic becomes insufficient. If it is greater than 10% owf, there is a tendency that the texture of the fibrous material will become rough and hard.

The deodorant fibrous material of the present invention achieves excellent advantages when applied to polyester fibers and is particularly suitable for application to a polyester provided with flame retardancy by a cycloalkane halide compound, as stated above.

The cycloalkane halide compound used as a flame retardant agent is a cyclic saturated carbohydrate compound or a saturated carbohydrate compound having at least one cyclic saturated carbohydrate group, in which at least one hydrogen atom is substituted by a halogen such as bromine or chlorine. Specific examples of the cycloalkane halide are 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexabromocyclohexane 1,2,3,4-tetrabromocyclooctane (TBCO), 1,2,5,6,9,10- hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), 1,2-bis-(3,4-dibromocyclohexyl)-1,2-dibromoethane, and those compounds wherein bromine is substituted by chlorine. Among these, compounds wherein most or all of the halogens are bromine are particularly preferably used since they achieve very high uptake efficiency.

The cycloalkane halide compound is compounded into polyester before fiber forming, or provided on a surface of the polyester fiber after fiber forming. The content is preferably 1.0 - 20% owf relative to the polyester fiber. If it is less than 1.0% owf, the flame retardancy is low and the flame retardancy is likely to further decrease by the deodorizing processing. If the content exceeds 20% owf, the uptake efficiency decreases and an economic loss increases and, moreover, the anti- light fastness decreases.

In a preferred deodorant fibrous material embodying the invention, the dedorant composition attached to the surface of the fibrous material additionally comprises, as a fire retardant, a copolymer of a polyalkylene glycol, an aromatic dicarboxylic acid and an alkylene glycol.

The polyalkylene glycol may be a glycol having a main chain of -(C n H 2n O)- (n= 2-4) and a molecular weight of 300 - 40,000 and, preferably, 1,000 - 10,000. For example. polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol or block polymers of these compounds may be used. If the molecular weight is 300 or less, the durability is insufficient. A molecular weight of 40,000 or greater is not preferable, since the dispersibility decreases with such a molecular weight

The aromatic dicarboxylic acid is, for example, terephthalic acid or a lower alkyl ester of terephthalic acid and/or isophthalic acid or a lower alkyl ester of isophthalic acid.

The alkylene glycol is, for example, a compound represented by the general formula: HO-C n H 2n - OH (n = 2 - 4) For example, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol or butylene glycol may be used. The block copolymerization mole ratio of a block copolymer of polyalkylene glycol, aromatic dicarboxylic acid and alkylene glycol is preferably 1 - 31:1:2 - 3 for improved stainproofness. It is recommended that the block copolymer be dispersed in water with a nonionic or anionic surface active agent, for use.

The block copolymer attached to the fibrous material is preferably present to a solid content of 0.01 - 3% by weight and, more preferably, 0.05 - 0.5% by weight relative to the weight of the fibrous material, which is preferably a polyester based fibrous material. By providing the block copolymer, it becomes possible to prevent metal soap combined with Ca ions or Mg ions in the liquid from depositing on the polyester based fiber during washing with water. If the amount of block copolymer provided is 0.01% by weight or less, the stainproofness is not sufficiently achieved and the amount of metal soap remaining after washing increases so that the flame retardancy considerably decreases. If it is 3% by weight or greater, the texture of fabric produced from the fibrous material becomes hard and the dye fastness decreases. Thus, such an amount is not preferable in practical use.

As for the method for applying a cycloalkane halide to the polyester based fiber, immersion in a liquid bath, a padding method may, for example, be used. The immersion treatment is particularly preferable having regard to uptake efficiency. As for the immersion treatment conditions, the treatment is preferably performed at 110 - 150 °C and, more preferably, 120 - 140 °C, normally for 10 - 60 minutes. The immersion treatment is preferably carried out simultaneously with the normal dyeing process of the polyester based fiber. That is, it is possible to use a cycloalkane compound together with a dyestuff, such as a disperse dye, in a dyebath during the process for dyeing the polyester based fiber.

If a polyester fiber containing a cycloalkane halide compound is used as a fiber material according to the present invention, the amount of the synthetic resin attached to the synthetic resin fiber material is preferably 0.01 - 2% owf and, particularly preferably, within the range of 0.1 - 1% owf, in order to achieve a sufficient flame retardancy.

The deodorant fibrous material of the present invention can be produced by treating a fibrous material with a treating liquid containing an inorganic type compound as mentioned above, a polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the general formula [I], or a hydrazide compound, and a synthetic resin, and then heat- treating the material.

The treating liquid may further contain any one or more of a texture processing agent, a finishing agent to impart softness, an antistatic agent, a flame retardant agent, an antibacterial and anti- odor processing agent, a water repellency agent and a stainproof agent, as long as the desired deodorizing characteristic is not particularly impaired.

As the method for subjecting the fibrous material to the treating liquid, a padding method, a dipping method, a spray method, a coating method and a print method may, for example, be used. Particularly, the padding method or the coating method is most advantageous in order to uniformly attach an inorganic type compound, a polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the general formula [I] or a hydrazide compound, and a synthetic resin, to the fibrous material with a high durability.

The padding method is a method in which a fibrous structural body or a resin formed article is dipped in a treating liquid containing an inorganic type compound, a polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the general formula [I] or a hydrazide compound, and a synthetic resin binder, for a suitable time, and then drawing or squeezing is performed using two rotational rolls. It is also possible to add to the treating liquid, for example, a texture processing agent, a finishing agent for imparting softness, an antistatic agent, an antibacterial and anti-odor processing agent or a water repellency agent, as long as the deodorizing characteristic is not particularly impaired.

The amount of synthetic resin binder to be attached is determined by, for example, the durability and texture required for a deodorant formed article according to the present invention. If the binder is to be applied to a fibrous structural body by a padding method, it is applied normally in an amount of 0.01-10% owf and, preferably, 0.02-5% owf, in order to achieve soft texture and washing durability. If the amount applied is less than 0.01% owf, there is a tendency that the washing durability will become insufficient. If it greater than 10% owf, there is a tendency that the texture will become rough and hard.

If a coating method is used for applying the deodorant composition, the synthetic resin binder is used normally in the form of an emulsion or solution in an organic solvent. Although it is possible to mix an inorganic type compound, a polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the general formula [I] and/or a hydrazide compound, and a synthetic resin binder at substantially any desired ratio, it is preferred to add the inorganic type compound, the polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the general formula [I] and the hydrazide compound so that the total amount lies within the range of 0.05 - 50% by weight in terms of solid content. A treating liquid containing an inorganic type compound, a polyvinyl amine compound indicated by the general formula [I] or a hydrazide compound, and a synthetic resin binder, may contain additionally one or more compounds providing the desired viscosity and then used as a liquid to be applied for the coating. It is preferred to prepare the application liquid so that the viscosity is within the range of 500 - 50000 cps and, preferably, 1000 - 30000 cps, for improved film formability. The thickness of application is preferably 5 - 500 g/m 2 • wet and, particularly preferably, 20-300 g/m2 • wet.

As for the coating method, ordinary methods, for example, a knife coater, a roll coater or a slit coater may be used. A laminate method or a bonding method may also be used. After coating, the coating film is formed by a wet or dry method. It is also possible to perform chemical processing operations, such as a water repellency treatment, or physical processing operations, such as calendering after the formation of a coating film.

The heat treatment according to the present invention refers to dry heat treatment or wet heat treatment. The wet heat treatment includes immersion treatment and steam heat treatment. As the steam heat treatment, normal pressure saturated steam treatment, overheated steam treatment and high pressure steam treatment may be cited. The temperature of the dry heat treatment or the wet heat treatment should be within the range of about 80 - 210°C. If the heat treatment temperature is lower than 80°C, the washing durability becomes insufficient. If it exceeds 210°C, there is a danger that the fibrous material will become yellowed or brittle. For practical use, dry heat treatment at 110 - 190 °C is suitable.

The deodorant fibrous material of the present invention, obtained as described above, has a durable and excellent deodorizing characteristic for bad odors, such as ammonium, amines, hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans and aldehydes and acetic acid contained in, for example, tobacco odors, and may still provide a soft texture.

The deodorant fibrous material of the present invention may suitably be used for building, bedding, interior or exterior materials that include curtains, carpets, mats, blankets, sheets, futon or comforter covers, pillowcases, futon or comforter wadding, automotive interior materials, and the like, and, moreover, can be used for a wide variety of applications, such as clothing materials for suits, uniforms, shirts, blouses, trousers, skirts, sweaters, socks, panty hoses, linings and interlinings, materials for shoe sole inserts, shoe linings, bag shells, furoshiki or wrap-and carry sheets, cushions or stuffed toy animals, sanitary materials for cloth diapers and diaper covers, deodorant materials for furniture, refrigerators and filters and non-woven fabric.

Furthermore, the deodorant fibrous material wherein polyester fiber carrying a cycloalkane halide compound thereon is used as a fibrous material is particularly effective for building, bedding, interior or exterior materials requiring flame retardancy, such as curtains, carpets, mats, blankets, sheets, futon or comforter covers, pillowcases, futon or comforter wadding and automotive interior materials.

Examples will be described below. The washing method and the evaluation methods for flame retardancy and deodorizing characteristic employed for the examples are as follows.

[Washing Method]

Using, as a washing machine, an automatic reverse whirling type electric washing machine VH-3410 (by Toshiba (Kabushiki Gaisha)) and, as a detergent, 0.2% of "Zabu" (by Kao (Kabushiki Gaisha)), washing was performed in a strong reverse whirl mode at a temperature of 60 ± 2 °C and a bath ratio of 1:40 for 75 minutes followed by a procedure of drainage and a 25-minute rinse with overflow, which procedure was repeated three times. This operation was determined as washing five times.

[Evaluation of Flame Retardancy]

Measurement was made by the JIS L 1091 D method (flame contact test).

[Evaluation of Deodorizing Characteristic by Detector Tube Method]

Ammonium gas was introduced into a 550-mL container containing a sample of 3g so that the initial concentration became 200 ppm, and then the container was sealed. After the container was left for 30 minutes, the remaining ammonium concentration was measured by a detector gas tube.

Using odors of hydrogen sulfide, acetaldehyde and acetic acid, the initial concentrations were set to 20 ppm, 200 ppm and 20 ppm, respectively, and the remaining concentrations were measured, by similar methods.

[Olfactory Evaluation of Deodorizing Characteristic to Tobacco Odor]

After a cigarette producing smoke was placed, for 5 seconds, immediately under an inlet opening of a 500-mL glass- made Erlenmeyer flask held with the inlet opening facing down, the Erlenmeyer flask was quickly turned horizontally and, then, a sample of 3 g was introduced and the flask was sealed with a glass stopper. After the flask was left for one hour, the glass stopper was removed and the remaining odor was smelt for evaluation.

  • ○ : Substantially no odor remaining
  • Δ : Slight odor remaining
  • × : Considerable odor remaining

[Dispersibility of Inorganic Type Compound by Visual Observation]

The dispersibility of an inorganic type compound on fiber surfaces was checked by the finished surface quality.

  • ○ : Substantially no aggregation
  • Δ : Slight aggregation
  • × : Considerable aggregation

EXAMPLE 1

A polyester weave (#F1305GN by Toray (Kabushiki Gaisha), both warp and weft being 150D - 48fil) that had been de-starched, after-treated and set by a dry heat treatment was used as a specimen fabric. After being dipped in a treating liquid having a composition indicated below, the specimen fabric was drawn or squeezed by a mangle (a draw or squeeze rate of 65%), dried at 120 °C for 3 minutes, and then dry heat- treated at 170 °C for 1 minute by a pin tenter.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

As inorganic compounds, each of zinc sulfate and fine porous particles of silicon dioxide were used for treatment. The silicon dioxide particles were used in the form of an emulsified-dispersed solution having a solid content of 45%. As the emulsifying-dispersing agent, the following non-ionic dispersion material was used. Non- ionic dispersing agent: Isopropyl alcohol 3% owf Polyvinyl alcohol 1% owf Water 51% owf

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous silicon dioxide fine particles 10 g/L Zinc sulfate 10 g/L Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W-11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.5 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

EXAMPLE 2

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that the treating liquid had a composition indicated below.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: (Composition of Treating Liquid) Inorganic compounds:    Porous titanium dioxide fine particles 10 g/L    Copper sulfate 5 g/L    Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L    Synthetic resin: Elastoron W- 11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L    Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.5 g/L    PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

EXAMPLE 3

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that the treating liquid had a composition indicated below.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous titanium dioxide fine particles 10 g/L Copper sulfate 5 g/L Hydrazide: Hydrazide adipate 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W-11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.5 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

EXAMPLE 4

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that the treating liquid had a composition indicated below.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous fine particles formed of silicon dioxide and zinc oxide (silicon oxide : zinc oxide = 3:1) 10 g/L Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W-11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst-64 0.5 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

EXAMPLE 5

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that the treating liquid had a composition indicated below.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous fine particles formed of silicon dioxide and zinc oxide (silicon oxide : zinc oxide = 3:1) 10 g/L Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L Zinc polyacrylate 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W-11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.5 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

EXAMPLE 6

A sample was produced by applying a treating liquid having a composition described below to the same specimen fabric as used in Example 1 in an amount of 50 g/m 2 • wet by a knife coating method, and then performing a dry heat treatment at 120 °C for 5 minutes.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

Inorganic compounds: Porous titanium dioxide fine particles 10 parts Copper sulfate 1 part Hydrazide compound: Hydrazide malate 1 part Synthetic resin: Acryl based resin (a solid content of 45%) 50 parts Non- ionic type viscosity bodying agent 5 part Water 33 parts

EXAMPLE 7

The same specimen fabric as used in Example 1 was treated in a bath comprising 3.0% owf of a disperse dye Dianix Black BG-FS 200% (by Deister Japan (Kabushiki Gaisha)), 0.5 cc/L of acetic acid (80%), 0.5 g/L of a dispersing agent RAP-50 (by Sanyo Kasei Kogyo (Kabushiki Gaisha)), and 15% owf of 1,2,5,6,9,10-sexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), at 130°C for 45 minutes, and then reduced and washed by an ordinary method and then washed with hot water and dried.

After being dipped in a treating liquid having a composition indicated below, the specimen fabric was drawn or squeezed by a mangle (a draw or squeeze rate of 65%), dried at 120 °C for 3 minutes, and then dry heat-treated at 170 °C for 1 minute by a pin tenter, thereby producing a sample.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous fine particles formed of silicon dioxide and zinc oxide (silicon oxide : zinc oxide = 3:1) 10 g/L Copper sulfate 5 g/L Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W-11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 5 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.1 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.02 g/L

EXAMPLE 8

The same specimen fabric as used in Example 1 was treated in a bath comprising 3.0% owf of a disperse dye Dianix Black BG-FS 200% (by Deister Japan (Kabushiki Gaisha)), 0.5 cc/L of acetic acid (80%), 0.5 g/L of a dispersing agent RAP-50 (by Sanyo Kasei Kogyo (Kabushiki Gaisha)), and 15% owf of 1,2,5,6,9,10-sexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), at 130°C for 45 minutes, and then reduced and washed by an ordinary method and then washed with hot water and dried.

After being dipped in a treating liquid having a composition indicated below, the specimen fabric was drawn or squeezed by a mangle (a draw or squeeze rate of 65%), dried at 120 °C for 3 minutes, and then dry heat-treated at 170 °C for 1 minute by a pin tenter, thereby producing a sample.

With regard w the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid) Block copolymer: TO-SR-1 (a solid content of 10%) 20 g/L Inorganic compounds: Porous silicon dioxide fine particles 10 g/L Zinc sulfate 10 g/L Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W- 11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.5 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that the treating liquid bad a composition indicated below (and again containing the same emulsifying-dispersing agent as in Example 1).

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous silicon dioxide fine particles 10 g/L Zinc sulfate 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W-11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.5 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 2

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that the treating liquid had a composition indicated below, without any emulsifying-dispersing agent.

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L Synthetic resin: Elastoron W-11P (urethane based, a solid content of 25%) 20 g/L Catalyst: Elastoron Catalyst 64 0.5 g/L PH adjusting agent: Sodium hydrogen carbonate 0.05 g/L

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 3

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that the treating liquid had a composition indicated below (and again containing the same emulsifying-dispersing agent as in Example 1).

With regard to the resultant fabric, the deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous silicon dioxide fine particles 10 g/L Zinc sulfate 10 g/L Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L

COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 4

A sample was produced by treating the same specimen fabric as in Example 1, except that neither the emulsifying-dispersing agent for an inorganic compound, nor the synthetic binder, were used, and that the treating liquid had a composition indicated below. In the resultant fabric, the porous silicon dioxide fine particles were very poorly dispersed, and the cloth was blotched. Nonethless, the evaluation was normally performed. The deodorizing characteristic and surface quality at the time of the original fabric state prior to washing and the state after being washed 10 times were evaluated. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

(Composition of Treating Liquid)

Inorganic compounds: Porous silicon dioxide fine particles 10 g/L Zinc sulfate 10 g/L Polyvinyl amine compound (a solid content of 45%) 10 g/L

From Tables 1 and 2, it can been seen that the fabrics in Examples 1-7 had excellent deodorizing characteristics after being washed ten times, as well as in the fabric state before the washing. It can also be seen that Examples 6-7, which were treated for flame retardancy, maintained excellent flame retardancy even after being washed ten times.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

The present invention can be applied to clothing, household articles, interior products, various industrial materials, and the like, that have high-level deodorizing function.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial, umfassend ein Fasermaterial mit einer Oberfläche, an der eine desodorierende Zusammensetzung haftet, die Folgendes umfasst:
    • (1) ein erstes desodorierendes Material, ausgewählt aus zumindest einem Typ von anorganischen Komponenten, organischen Polysäuren, Salzen von organischen Polysäuren und Estern von organischen Polysäuren;
    • (2) ein zweites desodorierendes Material, ausgewählt aus zumindest einer von Hydrazinverbindungen und Polyvinylaminverbindungen der Formel [I]:
      worin R eine Gruppe ist, die ausgewählt ist aus CHO- und CH3CO-Gruppen, und n und m unabhängig voneinander jeweils eine ganze Zahl sind; und
    • (3) ein Kunstharz-Bindemittel.
  2. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach Anspruch 1, worin das erste desodorierende Material eine Komponente vom anorganischen Typ ist, die eine poröse Substanz und zumindest eine Komponente umfasst, die aus der aus Metallverbindungen von Kupfer, Zink, Silber, Blei, Eisen, Aluminium, Calcium, Magnesium, Mangan, Nickel und Kobalt bestehenden Gruppe ausgewählt ist.
  3. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach Anspruch 2, worin die Komponente vom anorganischen Typ eine poröse Substanz und eine Kupferverbindung umfasst.
  4. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach Anspruch 2, worin die Komponente vom anorganischen Typ eine poröse Substanz und eine Zinkverbindung umfasst.
  5. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 4, worin die poröse Substanz zumindest eine aus der aus Siliciumdioxid, Titandioxid, Zinkoxid, Aluminiumoxid, Zeolith, Kieselgel und Aktivkohle bestehenden Gruppe ausgewählte ist.
  6. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, worin das erste desodorierende Material gleichmäßig auf der Oberfläche des Fasermaterials dispergiert ist.
  7. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, worin die desodorierende Zusammensetzung zusätzlich als emulgierenden Dispergator für das erste desodorierende Material einen Polyvinylalkohol mit einem Molekulargewicht von etwa 2.000 bis 100.000 sowie ein Lösungsmittel, das zur Penetration des Fasermaterials fähig ist, umfasst.
  8. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, worin das Kunstharz-Bindemittel zumindest ein aus der aus Harzen auf Urethanbasis, Harzen auf Acrylsäurebasis, Aminoplastharzen, Epoxyharzen, Harzen auf Glyoxalbasis und Harzen auf Ethylen-Harnstoff-Basis bestehenden Gruppe ausgewähltes ist.
  9. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, worin zumindest ein Anteil des ersten desodorierenden Materials aus zumindest einem von organischen Polysäuren, Estern organischer Polysäuren und Salzen organischer Polysäuren ausgewählt ist.
  10. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach Anspruch 9, worin das erste Desodoriermittel als Komponente vom anorganischen Typ zusätzlich eine poröse Substanz umfasst.
  11. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, worin das Fasermaterial Polyesterfasern sind.
  12. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach Anspruch 11, worin die Polyesterfasern eine Cycloalkanhalogenid-Verbindung als Flammschutzmittel umfasst.
  13. Desodorierendes Fasermaterial nach einem der vorangegangenen Ansprüche, worin die desodorierende Zusammensetzung als Flammschutzmittel zusätzlich ein Copolymer eines Polyalkylenglykols mit einer aromatischen Dicarbonsäure und einem Alkylenglykol umfasst.
  14. Desodorierendes Faserprodukt, das aus einem desodorierenden Fasermaterial besteht, welches ein Fasermaterial mit einer Oberfläche umfasst, an der eine desodorierende Zusammensetzung anhaftet, die Folgendes umfasst:
    • (1) ein erstes desodorierendes Material, ausgewählt aus zumindest einem Typ von anorganischen Komponenten, organischen Polysäuren, Salzen von organischen Polysäuren und Estern von organischen Polysäuren;
    • (2) ein zweites desodorierendes Material, ausgewählt aus zumindest einer von Hydrazinverbindungen und Polyvinylaminverbindungen der Formel [I]:
      worin R eine Gruppe ist, die ausgewählt ist aus CHO- und CH3CO-Gruppen, und n und m unabhängig voneinander jeweils eine ganze Zahl sind; und
    • (3) einen Kunstharzträger.
  15. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines desodorierenden Fasermaterials, wobei das Verfahren das Auftragen einer Folgendes umfassenden, flüssigen, desodorierenden Zusammensetzung auf die Oberfläche eines Fasermaterials:
    • (1) ein erstes desodorierendes Material, ausgewählt aus zumindest einem Typ von anorganischen Komponenten, organischen Polysäuren, Salzen von organischen Polysäuren und Estern von organischen Polysäuren;
    • (2) ein zweites desodorierendes Material, ausgewählt aus zumindest einer von Hydrazinverbindungen und Polyvinylaminverbindungen der Formel [I]:
      worin R eine Gruppe ist, die ausgewählt ist aus CHO- und CH3CO-Gruppen, und n und m unabhängig voneinander jeweils eine ganze Zahl sind; und
    • (3) einen Kunstharzträger,
    und eine darauffolgende Wärmebehandlung des Fasermaterials umfasst.
  16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 15, worin die flüssige desodorierende Zusammensetzung mithilfe eines aus Klotzen und Beschichten ausgewählten Verfahrens aufgetragen wird.
  17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 15 oder Anspruch 16, das vor Auftragen der flüssigen desodorierenden Zusammensetzung den Schritt des Eintauchens des Fasermaterials in ein Behandlungsbad aus einer Flüssigkeit umfasst, die eine Cycloalkanhalogenid-Verbindung enthält.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A deodorant fibrous material comprising a fibrous material having a surface to which is attached a deodorant composition comprising
    • (1) a first deodorant material selected from at least one of inorganic type, polyorganic acid type, polyorganic acid salt type and polyorganic acid ester type components;
    • (2) a second deodorant material selected from at least one of hydrazine compounds and polyvinyl amine compounds of the formula [I];
         wherein R is a group selected from CHO, and CH 3 CO groups, and n and m, independently of one another, are respective integers; and
    • (3) a synthetic resin binder.
  2. A deodorant fibrous material according to claim 1, wherein the first deodorant material is an inorganic type component comprising a porous substance and at least one compound selected from the group consisting of metallic compounds of copper, zinc, silver, lead, iron, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, manganese, nickel and cobalt.
  3. A deodorant fibrous material according to claim 2, wherein the inorganic type component comprises a porous substance and a copper compound.
  4. A deodorant fibrous material according to claim 2, wherein the inorganic type compound comprises a porous substance and a zinc compound.
  5. A deodorant fibrous material according to any one of claims 2 to 4, wherein the porous substance is at least one selected from the group consisting of silicon dioxide, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, aluminium oxide, zeolite, silica gel and active carbon.
  6. A deodorant fibrous material according to any preceding claim, wherein said first deodorant material is uniformly dispersed on the surface of the fibrous material.
  7. A deodorant fibrous material according to any preceding claim, wherein the deodorant composition additionally comprises, as an emulsifying dispersing agent for the said first deodorant material, a polyvinyl alcohol having a molecular weight of about 2,000-100,000 and a solvent capable of penetrating the fibrous material.
  8. A deodorant fibrous material according to any preceding claim, wherein the synthetic resin binder is at least one resin selected from the group consisting of urethane based resins, acrylic based resins, aminoplast resins, epoxy resins, glyoxal based resins and ethylene urea based resins.
  9. A deodorant fibrous material according to any preceding claim, wherein at least a proportion of said first deodorant material is selected from at least one of poly-organic acids, poly-organic acid esters and poly-organic acid salts.
  10. A deodorant fibrous material according to claim 9, wherein said first deodorant additionally comprises, as an inorganic type component, a porous substance.
  11. A deodorant fibrous material according to any preceding claim, wherein the fibrous material is a polyester fiber.
  12. A deodorant fibrous material according to claim 11, wherein the polyester fiber contains a cycloalkane halide compound as a flame retardant agent.
  13. A deodorant fibrous material according to any preceding claim, wherein the deodorant composition additionally comprises, as a flame retardant agent, a copolymer of a polyalkylene glycol with an aromatic dicarboxylic acid and an alkylene glycol.
  14. A deodorant fibrous product formed from a deodorant fibrous material comprising a fibrous material having a surface to which is attached a deodorant composition comprising
    • (1) a first deodorant material selected from at least one of inorganic type, polyorganic acid type, polyorganic acid salt type and polyorganic acid ester type components;
    • (2) a second deodorant material selected from at least one of hydrazine compounds and polyvinyl amine compounds of the formula [I];
         wherein R is a group selected from CHO, and CH3CO groups, and n and m, independently of one another, are respective integers; and
    • (3) a synthetic resin binder.
  15. A method of producing a deodorant fibrous material, which method comprises applying to a surface of a fibrous material a liquid deodorant composition comprising
    • (1) a first deodorant material selected from at least one of inorganic type, polyorganic acid type, polyorganic acid salt type and polyorganic acid ester type components;
    • (2) a second deodorant material selected from at least one of hydrazine compounds and polyvinyl amine compounds of the formula [I];
         wherein R is a group selected from CHO, and CH3CO groups, and n and m, independently of one another, are respective integers; and
    • (3) a synthetic resin binder.
    and thereafter subjecting the fibrous material to heat treatment.
  16. A method according to claim 15, wherein the liquid deodorant composition is applied by a method selected from padding and coating.
  17. A method according to claim 15 or claim 16, which includes the step, prior to application of the liquid deodorant composition, of immersing the fibrous material in a treatment bath of a liquid containing a cycloalkane halide compound.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Matériau fibreux déodorant comprenant un matériau fibreux ayant une surface à laquelle est attachée une composition déodorante comprenant
    • (1) un premier matériau déodorant sélectionné parmi au moins l'un de composants d'un type inorganique, d'un type acide polyorganique, d'un type sel d'acide polyorganique et d'un type ester d'acide polyorganique ;
    • (2) un second matériau déodorant sélectionné parmi au moins l'un de composés d'hydrazine et de composés de polyvinylamine de la formule (I) :
      où R est un groupe sélectionné parmi des groupes CHO et CH3CO et n et m, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, sont des entiers respectifs ; et
    • (3) un liant de résine synthétique.
  2. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon la revendication 1, où le premier matériau déodorant est un composant du type inorganique comprenant une substance poreuse et au moins un composé sélectionné dans le groupe consistant en composés métalliques de cuivre, zinc, argent, plomb, fer, aluminium, calcium, magnésium, manganèse, nickel et cobalt.
  3. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon la revendication 2, où le composant du type inorganique comprend une substance poreuse et un composé de cuivre.
  4. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon la revendication 2, où le composé du type inorganique comprend une substance poreuse et un composé de zinc.
  5. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 4, où la substance poreuse en est au moins une sélectionnée dans le groupe consistant en bioxyde de silicium, bioxyde de titane, oxyde de zinc, oxyde d'aluminium, zéolite, gel de silice et charbon activé.
  6. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon toute revendication précédente, où ledit premier matériau déodorant est uniformément dispersé à la surface du matériau fibreux.
  7. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon toute revendication précédente, où la composition déodorante comprend additionnellement, en tant qu'agent émulsionnant dispersant pour ledit premier matériau déodorant, un alcool polyvinylique ayant un poids moléculaire d'environ 2000-100000 et un solvant capable de pénétrer dans le matériau fibreux.
  8. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon toute revendication précédente, où le liant de résine synthétique est au moins une résine sélectionnée dans le groupe consistant en résines de base uréthanne, résines de base acrylique, résines aminoplaste, résines époxy, résines à base de glyoxal et résines à base d'éthylène urée.
  9. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon toute revendication précédente, où au moins une proportion dudit premier matériau déodorant est sélectionnée parmi au moins l'un d'acides polyorganiques, esters d'acides polyorganiques et sels d'acides polyorganiques.
  10. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon la revendication 9, où ledit premier déodorant comprend additionnellement, en tant que composant du type inorganique, une substance poreuse.
  11. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon toute revendication précédente, où le matériau fibreux est une fibre de polyester.
  12. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon la revendication 11, où la fibre de polyester contient un composé d'halogénure de cycloalcane en tant qu'agent ignifuge.
  13. Matériau fibreux déodorant selon toute revendication précédente, où la composition déodorante comprend additionnellement, en tant qu'agent ignifuge, un copolymère d'un polyalkylène glycol avec un acide dicarboxylique aromatique et un alkylène glycol.
  14. Produit fibreux déodorant formé à partir d'un matériau fibreux déodorant comprenant un matériau fibreux ayant une surface à laquelle est attachée une composition déodorante comprenant
    • (1) un premier matériau déodorant sélectionné parmi au moins l'un d'un type inorganique, d'un type acide polyorganique, d'un type sel d'acide polyorganique et d'un type ester d'acide polyorganique ;
    • (2) un second matériau déodorant sélectionné parmi au moins l'un de composés d'hydrazine et de composés de polyvinylamine de la formule (I) :
         où R est un groupe sélectionné parmi des groupes CHO et CH3CO et n et m indépendamment l'un de l'autre sont des entiers respectifs ; et
    • (3) un liant de résine synthétique.
  15. Méthode de production d'un matériau fibreux déodorant, laquelle méthode comprend l'application, à une surface d'un matériau fibreux, d'une composition liquide déodorante comprenant
    • (1) un premier matériau déodorant sélectionné parmi au moins l'un d'un type inorganique, d'un type acide polyorganique, d'un type sel d'acide polyorganique et d'un type ester d'acide polyorganique ;
    • (2) un second matériau déodorant sélectionné parmi au moins l'un de composés d'hydrazine et de composés de polyvinylamine de la formule (I) :
         où R est un groupe sélectionné parmi des groupes CHO et CH3CO et n et m, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, sont des entiers respectifs ; et
    • (3) un liant de résine synthétique.
    et ensuite à soumettre le matériau fibreux à un traitement thermique.
  16. Méthode selon la revendication 15, où la composition liquide déodorante est appliquée par une méthode sélectionnée parmi tamponnement et revêtement.
  17. Méthode selon la revendication 15 ou la revendication 17 qui comprend l'étape, avant application de la composition liquide déodorante, d'immersion du matériau fibreux dans un bain de traitement d'un liquide contenant un composé d'halogénure de cycloalcane.






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