PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0848396 02.10.2003
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0848396
Titel Transformator für Schaltnetzteil
Anmelder Thomson Television Components France, Boulogne, FR
Erfinder Bouillot, Jean Michel, 92648 Boulogne Cedex, FR;
Coutureau, Thierry, 92648 Boulogne Cedex, FR;
Faivre, Herve, 92648 Boulogne Cedex, FR;
Larche, Denis, 92648 Boulogne Cedex, FR
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69724390
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 18.11.1997
EP-Aktenzeichen 974027708
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.06.1998
EP date of grant 27.08.2003
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 02.10.2003
IPC-Hauptklasse H01F 38/42
IPC-Nebenklasse H01F 5/02   

Beschreibung[en]
Background

Switched-mode power supplies currently equip the majority of televisions and monitors which include a cathode-ray tube. These power supplies operate by chopping the current.

The principle of power supplies of this type is now well known. The article "IEE transaction on Consumer Electronics 473-479" explains the benefit and the working principle of power supplies of this type. These power supplies include a transformer having primary windings and secondary windings.

The invention,relates to the architecture of the transformer. A known example of a transformer of this type for a switched-mode power supply is described in European Patent EP 71008, filed in the name of Licentia Patent Verwaltung.

This patent describes a transformer for a switched-mode power supply, in which the windings of the primary and of the secondary are not produced in successive layers around a ferromagnetic core, but in adjacent chambers arranged axially along the core. Each chamber is separated from the next by a sheet of insulating material. A transformer of this type is represented in Figure 1 under the general reference 1.

It has a ferrite core 2 formed by two E-shaped ferrite half-cores 3, 4 which are bonded to one another by a line of adhesive 5 in order to form a right-angled torus with rectangular cross-section to which a central part, masked in Figure 1 by a former 6, is adjoined; the former 6 is partially represented in Figure 2. It has a cylindrically shaped hollow central core 7 and walls 8 perpendicular to this body. Only one of these walls 8 has been represented in Figure 2. Windings (not shown) are present in chambers 9 formed between two walls. The wires 10, 10' of these windings are connected to connection pins 11, 11'. The primary windings are connected to the pins 11, and the secondary windings to the pins 11'. All the primary connection pins 11 are located on one side of the transformer. All the secondary connection pins 11' are located on the other side of the transformer. Because of the perspective represented in Figure 1, only the primary winding wires 10 and the primary connection pins 11 are represented. The secondary connection wires 10' and the secondary connection pins 11' are all, for good isolation, located on a different side of the transformer. The wires 10' of the secondary are connected to the pins 11' of the secondary in a technical fashion similar to the connection of the wires 10 of the primary to the pins 11 of the primary. The term "other side of the transformer" means that the primary pins 11 and the secondary pins 11' lie on either side of a plane of symmetry of the core. In the case represented in Figure 1, this is the plane of symmetry common to all three branches of the Es forming each half-core 3, 4 of the core 2.

The term "ends 12, 12'" of the primary wires 10 and secondary wires 10' is hereafter used to denote the portion of wire 10, 10' located between the end of a winding and a connection pin 11 or 11'. These ends are held in place by notches 13, 13' formed on one side of the insulating walls 8. The notches 13 or 13' of a wall 8 together form a connection comb 14 of the wall 8.

The combs 13 of the walls 8 guiding the primary wires 10 are located on the same side as the primary connection pins 11. The combs 13' of the walls 8 guiding the secondary wires 10' are located on the same side of the secondary connection pins 11'.

This transformer architecture permits good isolation of the primary side, also referred to as the "hot side", from the secondary side, also referred to as the "cold side". This good isolation is due to the fact that the primary and secondary windings are in chambers 9 which are DC isolated from one another by insulating walls 8 and to the fact that the primary pins 11 and secondary pins 11' are remote from one another.

The leakage inductances remain acceptable because chambers 9 containing primary windings and chambers 9' containing secondary windings have alternate axial positions, and there is a fairly large number of them. However, all other things being equal, this leakage inductance increases when the switching frequency increases.

Advantages of the invention

The present invention relates to a transformer for a switch-mode power supply, of the type having chambers, as described, for example, in European Patent EP 71008 and having a small leakage inductance, and being easier to manufacture while taking into account the diverse needs of the users of these transformers, all this while keeping the quality of isolation inherent in chamber-type transformers.

This object is achieved according to the invention as claimed in claim 1 by producing the former in accordance with the windings which it is to contain. This point is specified below:

It has been seen that the former consists of an insulating material. It includes a hollow cylinder 7. The interior of this cylinder 7 contains a part of the magnetic circuit of the transformer. The windings constituting the primary or the secondary are produced around this cylinder. The external diameter of this cylinder constitutes the internal diameter of each of the partial windings which lie closest to this cylinder. The external diameter of a partial winding is the largest diameter of this winding. If a second partial winding is produced in a chamber where a first winding has already been produced, the internal diameter of this second winding is equal to the external diameter of the first winding, and its external diameter is the greatest diameter of this secondary winding. According to the invention, the external diameters of the outer most windings contained in each of the chambers of the former are equal. It should be noted that use of the term "diameter" presupposes that the cylinder 7 is a cylinder of revolution, that is to say a cylinder whose cross-section consists of a circle. In the more general case, it may be an arbitrary cylinder, that is to say the volume generated by a straight line which moves parallel to itself while touching a directrix curve. it may, for example, be a cylinder with rectangular or elliptical cross-section. In this general case of embodying the invention, the outer side surfaces of the outermost windings contained in each of the chambers are all in coincidence with the same cylindrical surface, this cylindrical surface being parallel to the cylindrical surface of the former receiving the innermost windings.

Summary of the invention

In summary, in its most general form, the invention relates to a transformer for switched-mode power supply, equipped with a former having a cylindrical part of axis AA', separating walls secant to the axis AA', and chambers delimited by two axially consecutive separating walls and the outer side surface of the cylindrical part the former bearing primary and secondary windings, each chamber containing at least one winding of conductive wire, each winding having two side surfaces, an inner side surface which is closest to the outer side surface of the cylindrical part of the former, and an outer side surface which is the outer surface of this winding furthest from the outer side surface of the former, one of the outer surfaces of the windings of each of the chambers constituting the outermost surface of the windings of each of the chambers all coincide with the same cylindrical surface parallel to the outer side surface of the former.

A configuration of this type is distinguished from the prior art in that, in the chamber-type transformers for a switched-mode power supply of the prior art, the separating walls delimit chambers whose axial lengths are all equal to one another. According to the invention, these axial lengths can vary from one chamber to another, so that different numbers of turns of windings inside each chamber constitute windings whose outermost side surfaces are in coincidence with a unique cylindrical surface parallel to the cylindrical surface of the former. An embodiment according to the invention contributes to reducing the leakage inductances. Another measure further contributes to reducing these leaks. This involves placing the primary windings in parallel with one another, on the one hand, and the secondary windings in parallel with one another, on the other hand. Each winding part, for example primary winding part contributing to a primary parallel winding, is placed in a primary chamber. This primary chamber is adjacent to a secondary chamber which itself contains a winding part constituting, with other secondary windings, a secondary parallel winding. This parallel winding architecture contributes not only to reducing the ohmic resistance of the windings, which is known, but also to reducing inductive losses by increasing the area of the facing surfaces of primary and secondary windings. The term "facing surfaces" means the winding surfaces which are parallel to the separating walls. The surfaces are referred to as "facing" when they lie on either side of the same separating wall.

Brief description of the drawings

The most general embodiment of the invention, the preferred embodiment and variants of the latter will now be described with reference to the appended drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1, already discussed, represents a perspective view of a known transformer.
  • Figure 2, already discussed, represents a perspective view of a part of a former. In this part, only one of the chamber walls has been represented.
  • Figure 3 represents an axial half-section of a former and of the windings which it contains, equipping a prior art transformer.
  • Figure 4 represents a schematic axial half-section of a former and the windings which it contains, for a transformer according to the invention in its most general embodiment.
  • Figure 5 represents a plan view of a transformer according to the invention.
  • Figure 6 represents an axial half-section on the line 6-6 in Figure 5.
  • Figure 7 schematically represents the connection modes for the windings of the primary and of the secondary of a preferred embodiment of a transformer according to the invention.
  • Figure 8 schematically represents the physical locations of the windings represented in Figure 7 7 in the chambers of the former represented in Figure 6.
  • Figure 9 represents a plan view of one of the separating walls according to the prior art.
  • Figure 10 represents a plan view of at least one of the separating walls of a former of a transformer according to the invention.

In all the figures, the elements which fulfil the same functions have the same reference numbers.

Figure 3 represents an axial half-section of a former 6 bearing primary windings 15 housed in chambers 9 of the former 6, and secondary windings 16 housed in chambers 9' of the former 6. The chambers 9 and 9' are alternate in order to provide good coupling. The volume of each chamber is delimited by a surface 17 belonging to the hollow tube 7 of axis AA' of the former 6 and by walls 8 perpendicular to the axis AA'. In the example which is represented, there are three chambers 9 containing primary windings and three chambers 9' containing secondary windings. All the chambers have the same volume because the axial spacings of two consecutive walls are equal to one another. The primary chambers have been referenced 9-1, 9-2, 9-3. The secondary chambers have been referenced 9'-4, 9'-5, 9'-6.

The chamber 9-1 contains a part 15a of a working primary winding, the chamber 9-2 contains another part 15b of the same winding, and the chamber 9-3 contains a last part 15c of the same winding. The windings 15a, 15b, 15c are mounted in series, and are connected at pins 11, for example by welding. Other primary windings, one 15e for control, and the other 15d for feedback, are housed in the chamber 9-2.

The chamber 9-2 thus contains three windings or winding parts produced one above the other. A second winding is referred to as being above a first winding when the internal diameter of the second winding is equal to the external diameter of the first winding.

The secondary chambers respectively contain windings 16a in the chamber 9'-4, 16b in the chamber 9'-5 and 16c in the chamber 9'-6. These three first windings of the secondary are connected in parallel, and are also connected at pins 11' of the secondary, for example by welding. Winding parts 16d, 16e and 16f connected in series are housed above the windings 16a, 16b, 16c respectively. Finally, a winding 16g is housed above the winding 16f in the chamber 9'-6. In general, the primary and secondary windings consist of winding parts housed in various chambers and connected in series or in parallel as required. Architectures of this type have the purpose of optimizing the primary-secondary coupling, reducing the ohmic losses, obtaining the various required voltages at the secondary, and the assembly is dimensioned in accordance with the cooling means in order to obtain an acceptable operating temperature. The numbers of turns of the windings at the primary and the secondary are chosen in order to obtain the desired voltages at the secondary while minimizing the ohmic losses (copper losses) and the magnetic losses or leaks (core losses). On the basis of calculations and trials which are carried out, transformers which, for example, have the technical characteristics of the transformer represented in Figure 3 are constructed, in which the windings are produced as indicated above. On the example which is represented, it can be seen that the various external diameters of the windings or winding parts lying furthest outward are unequal, so that the side surface of these windings has a crenalated appearance. This is due to the fact that the chambers 9 have equal volumes. Similarly, the diameters of the wires have been chosen principally because of their ohmic characteristics, the considerations relating to the volumes occupied by the windings being involved only so that the transformers obtained are not too bulky and too heavy.

According to the invention, in order to minimize -the magnetic losses and consequently the ohmic losses, the chambers are produced, the diameters of the wires are chosen, and the numbers of windings are chosen not only on the basis of the considerations already mentioned in the description of the prior art as represented in Figure 3, but also by adding an additional parameter consisting of the external diameter of the outermost winding of each chamber. According to the invention, the outermost diameters of each chamber are equal to one another.

A hypothetical embodiment of the invention is represented in Figure 4.

This figure represents a half-section on an axial plane of a former 6 provided with primary windings or winding parts 15 and secondary windings 16.

In this hypothetical example, the shapes and volumes of the chambers 9 consisting of separating walls 8 secant to the boundary surface 17 of a central cylinder 8 have shapes and volumes which are not necessarily similar or equal. Walls 8-1, 8-2 not perpendicular to the axis AA' defining a chamber 9-1, each cross-section of which on an axial plane has a trapezoidal shape, have intentionally been represented in this hypothetical example. Walls 8-3, 8-4 secant to the boundary 17, each cross-section of which on an axial plane is curved, have also been represented. With the boundary 17, these walls define a chamber 9-3 of which each cross-section on an axial plane has the shape represented in Figure 4.

In each chamber 9, the section of the outermost surface 18 of the windings which are contained therein is a straight-line segment CC'. Each straight-line segment CC' of each of the chambers 9 belongs to the same straight line BB' parallel to the axis AA' of the central part 7 of the former 6. The same is true as regards each of the sections of the former on an axial plane. In order to obtain this result, the person skilled in the art can vary parameters such as:

  • the shape of each chamber,
  • the diameter of the wires constituting the various windings,
  • the addition of windings connected in parallel to first windings.

These considerations will arise after defining, in known fashion, the numbers of turns of the windings and their distribution in the various chambers.

In the most common cases, importance will also be attached to the cost of producing the equipment for manufacturing the formers.

A preferred embodiment of a transformer according to the invention will now be described with reference to Figures 5 to 9.

Figure 5 represents a plan view of a transformer according to the invention. This transformer has the general shape of the one represented in Figure 1. The top of the transformer is the side opposite the connection pins 11, 11'.

Figure 5 shows the top of the core 2, parts of the former 6 and, in particular, a lower part 19 of this former which bears the pins 11, and comb parts 14, 14' of the primary side and of the secondary side. Figures 6 and 8 are enlarged half-sections on 6-6 of the transformer represented in Figure 5.

For the sake of clarity, the windings are not shown in Figure 6.

Figure 6 shows the former 6 and that part of the core 2 which is housed in the central part 7 of the former 6.

Walls 8 perpendicular to the axis AA' of the central part 7 delimit, with the surface 17 of this central part, chambers 9 intended to house the windings. The central part 7 7 is a cylinder of revolution. The outermost surface of each of the windings housed inside each chamber, and the entirety of the windings contained in the various chambers, is a cylindrical surface of revolution in this embodiment. The external diameters of the outermost windings of each of the chambers are all equal to one another.

It can be seen that the heights of the chambers, that is to say the separation distance, measured parallel to the axis AA', between two consecutive walls are not necessarily equal to one another.

In the case when the wires constituting the windings have the same diameter, then the height of the chambers is inversely proportional to the number of turns of the windings contained in each chamber.

In the case when the number of turns of the windings is the same, but when the diameter of the wires is different, then the height of the chambers is proportional to the square of the diameter of the wires which are contained therein. Naturally, the calculations given above are possible only if the height of the chambers is large compared with the diameter of the wires which are housed therein.

The chambers 9 of the transformer in Figure 6 have been numbered C1 to C9. For each chamber, the following table gives the number of turns of the windings which are contained therein and the diameters of the wires which are used. CHAMBERS NUMBER OF TURNS Ø WIRES MM C9 83 0.2 C8 47 0.2 C7 16 0.315 C6 44 0.2 C5 95 0.2 C4 16 0.315 C3 89 0.2 C2 47 0.2 C1 83 0.2

In the example which is represented, each chamber contains only wires having the same diameter, in order to simplify manufacture. If a chamber contains a plurality of windings, it is naturally possible for these windings to use wires of different diameter.

For each primary and secondary winding, Figures 7 and 8 represent its connection mode (parallel or series) and its location inside each of the chambers 9.

The primary side of the transformer represented on the left-hand part of Figure 7 has three groups of windings.

A first group of windings 20 includes 4 windings connected in parallel between pins 10 on the primary side. There are 9 pins indexed B1 to B9. The 4 windings of the group 20 are indexed N1, N5, N8 and N17.

A second group of windings 21, which includes two windings connected in series and meeting one another on the terminal 10 indexed B4, is connected between the terminals 10 indexed B3 and B5. The windings of this second group are indexed N12 and N13. Finally, the third group of primary windings 22, which is composed of two windings indexed N10 and N11 connected in series at the terminal 10 indexed B7, is connected between the terminals 10 B6, B8.

The secondary side represented on the righthand part of the Figure 7 also has three groups of windings.

A first group 23 includes only one winding referenced N6, connected between the secondary terminals 11' referenced B16 and B17.

A second group 24 includes only one winding referenced N7, connected between the secondary terminals 11' referenced B11 and B12.

Finally, a third group 25 includes three subgroups of windings connected in series.

A first sub-group 26 includes three windings connected in parallel between the terminals 11' indexed B12, B13. These three windings are indexed N2, N9 and N14.

A second sub-group 27 includes two parallel windings which are indexed N3, N15 and are connected between the terminals indexed B13, B14.

Finally, the third sub-group 28 includes two parallel windings which are indexed N4, N16 and are connected between the terminals indexed B14, B15.

The various windings are housed, as represented in Figure 8, by winding index number increasing from a chamber indexed C1 to a chamber indexed C9. The primary windings are housed in the chambers 9 indexed C1, C3, C5, C7 and C9.

Each of the windings N1, N5, N8, N17 which are connected in parallel and form the group 20 is housed on its own in the chambers C1, C3, C5 and C9 respectively.

The groups of windings of the secondary are housed in the chambers 9' indexed C2, C4, C6 and C8. It can thus be seen that the even-index chambers of the secondary are alternated with odd-index chambers containing primary windings. With the exception of the extreme chambers C1 and C9, a chamber containing primary windings is adjacent to two chambers containing secondary windings. In the example which is represented, where the extreme chambers C1 and C9 are chambers containing primary windings, each of the chambers containing secondary windings is adjacent to two chambers containing primary windings.

The group of secondary windings 23 including the winding N6 is housed in the chamber C4. The group of windings 24 including the winding N7 is housed with the winding N6 of the group 23 in the same chamber C4. The chamber C4 includes only the windings N6 and N7. The windings of the group of secondary windings 25 have their windings housed in the secondary chambers indexed C2, C6 and C8.

The series windings N2, N3 and N4 of the subgroups 26, 27, and 28 are housed in the chamber 9' indexed C2, which contains no other windings. Finally, the winding N9 of the sub-group 26 is housed alone in the chamber C4.

The numbers of turns of the windings in parallel N2, N9 and N14 are respectively 41, 44 and 41. These numbers are adjusted so as to obtain currents of the same value in each of these three windings in parallel. These adjustments are made when producing the prototypes so as to equalize the ohmic losses and therefore the temperatures in each of these three windings. The same is done for the two windings in parallel N3, N4, on the one hand, and N15, N16 on the other hand. The result achieved by this is to distribute the ohmic losses in each of the chambers C2, C6 and C8 and therefore to minimize the maximum temperature obtained in the chamber.

Similarly, at the primary, the number of turns of each of the windings in parallel N1, N5, N8, N17 are adjusted in order to obtain equal currents in each of the windings and therefore equal ohmic losses in each of the chambers C1, C3, C5 and C9. The maximum temperature obtained in a chamber is thus minimized.

The fact that each of the primary windings N1, N5, N8, N17 connected in parallel is in a chamber adjacent on one side at least to a chamber which itself contains a secondary winding, forming part of a set of secondary windings connected in parallel, contributes to increasing the areas of the facing surfaces of primary and secondary windings. This increasing the area of the facing surfaces increases the coupling between the primary and secondary and therefore contributes to reducing the leakage inductance. When fitted to the control chassis of a cathode-ray tube, a transformer according to the invention thus contributes to reducing the parasitic signals which risk distorting the image formed on this tube.

In an advantageous embodiment, at least of the separating walls between two chambers containing windings or winding parts is equipped with two combs for holding the ends of windings. The difference between a separating wall according to this embodiment of the invention and a wall of the prior art is represented by Figures 9 and 10.

Figure 9 represents a plan view of a separating wall 8 according to the prior art. This substantially rectangular wall is equipped with a comb 14 on one of its sides. This comb is used to hold the extremities 12 of the windings, from the end of the winding to a connection pin 11. This comb is located on the primary side or on the secondary side depending on whether the windings located in the chamber 9, which is itself located immediately above this wall, are primary or secondary windings. According to the embodiment of the invention, at least one of the walls 8 is provided with two combs, one 14 on the side of the primary and the other 14' on the side of the secondary.

Each of the combs is in a position substantially symmetrical with the position of the other with respect to a median axis of the wall. The term "median axis" means an axis which is parallel or perpendicular to the plane of the wall and passes through a point of symmetry of the wall or equidistant from two opposite edges of the wall. In the example represented in Figure 10, the axis BB' passing through the point 0 which is the centre of the tube 7, contained in the plane of symmetry of the core 2 and in the plane of the wall, is a median axis. An axis which passes through 0 and is perpendicular to the plane of the wall is also a median axis.

The chamber 9 located immediately above this wall may equally well be a chamber containing primary windings or secondary windings. It is known that a power supply can be controlled on the primary side or the secondary side. Thus, according to this embodiment, the location of the chamber containing the control windings is predetermined when moulding the former, but the choice of the control side can be determined when the windings are produced, according to the client's requirements. This affords a greater flexibility in production.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Kammertransformator (1) für ein Schaltnetzteil mit einem Spulenkörper (6) mit einem zylinderförmigen Teil (7) mit einer Achse AA', die Achse AA' schneidenden Trennwänden (8) und Kammern (9), die durch zwei axial aufeinanderfolgende Trennwände und die Außenfläche (17) des zylinderförmigen Teils begrenzt sind, wobei der Spulenkörper Primärwicklungen (15) und Sekundärwicklungen (16) trägt, jede Kammer (9) wenigstens eine Primärwicklung oder Sekundärwicklung aus einem leitenden Draht enthält, jede Wicklung zwei Seitenflächen aufweist, eine innere Seitenfläche am nächsten zu der Außenseitenfläche (17) des zylinderförmigen Teils (7) des Spulenkörpers (6), wobei eine der Innenflächen der Wicklungen jeder der Kammern die innerste Fläche (17) der Wicklungen dieser Kammer (9) darstellt, die innerste Fläche (17) mit der Außenfläche (17) des Spulenkörpers (6) und einer Außenseite zusammenfällt, die die Außenseite dieser von der Außenseite des Spulenkörpers (6) am weitesten entfernten Wicklung ist, wobei eine der Außenflächen der Wicklungen jeder der Kammern die äußerste Oberfläche (18) der Wicklungen dieser Kammer (9) darstellt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die äußersten Oberflächen (18) der Wicklungen jeder der Kammern (9) alle mit derselben zylinderförmigen Oberfläche (18) parallel zu der Außenfläche (17) des Spulenkörpers zusammenfallen.
  2. Transformator nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass wenigstens eine der Primärwicklungen (20) aus wenigstens drei parallel geschalteten Teilwicklungen (N1, N5, N8, N17) besteht und jede der Teilwicklungen in einer Kammer (9) isoliert ist, und die diese Wicklungen enthaltenden Kammern (C1, C3, C5, C9) jede neben einer Sekundärwicklungen enthaltenden Kammer (9') liegt.
  3. Transformator nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Primärwicklung (20) aus vier parallel geschalteten Teilwicklungen (N1, N5, N8, N17) besteht und jede Teilwicklung in einer Kammer isoliert ist.
  4. Transformator nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Sekundärwicklung (25) aus wenigstens zwei parallel geschalteten Teilwicklungen (N2, N3, N4; N14, N15, N16) besteht und jede der Teilsekundärwicklungen in einer Kammer (9') liegt, die an einer Seite wenigstens neben einer eine Primärwicklung enthaltenden Kammer (9) liegt.
  5. Transformator nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine der Sekundärwicklungen (25) drei parallel geschaltete Teilwicklungen (N2, N3, N4; N14, N15, N16) enthält.
  6. Transformator nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Zahl der Windungen jeder der parallel geschalteten Teilprimärwicklungen so bemessen ist, dass sich daraus derselbe Wert für den in jeder dieser Teilwicklungen fließenden Strom ergibt.
  7. Transformator nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Zahl der Windungen jeder der parallel geschalteten Teilwicklungen derart bemessen ist, dass sich daraus derselbe Wert für den in jeder dieser Teilwicklungen fließenden Strom ergibt.
  8. Transformator nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Sekundärwicklung (25) aus wenigstens zwei parallel geschalteten Teilwicklungen (N2, N3, N4; N14, N15, N16) besteht und jede der Teilsekundärwicklungen in einer Kammer (9') liegt, die an einer Seite wenigstens neben einer Kammer (9) liegt, die eine Wicklung der Primärseite enthält.
  9. Transformator nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anzahl der Windungen jeder der parallel geschalteten Teilprimärwicklungen derart bemessen ist, dass sich daraus derselbe Wert für den in jeder dieser Teilwicklungen fließenden Strom ergibt.
  10. Transformator nach Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Zahl der Windungen jeder der parallel geschalteten Teilsekundärwicklungen derart bemessen ist, dass sich daraus derselbe Wert für den in jeder dieser Teilwicklungen fließenden Strom ergibt.
  11. Transformator nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine Primärwicklung (20) vier parallel geschaltete Teilwicklungen enthält und dass eine der Sekundärwicklungen (25) drei parallel geschaltete Teilwicklungen (N2, N3, N4; N9; N14, N15, N16) enthält und die Teilwicklungen der Sekundärseite, die parallel geschaltet sind, in Kammern neben zwei Primärwicklungen enthaltenden Kammern liegt.
  12. Transformator nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass wenigstens eine der Trennwände zwei Kämme (14, 14') enthält und einer der Kämme Drähte der Primärseite und der andere Drähte der Sekundärseite führt.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Chamber transformer (1) for switched-mode power supply, equipped with a former (6) having a cylindrical part (7) of axis AA', separating walls (8) secant to the axis AA', and chambers (9) delimited by two axially consecutive separating walls and the outer side surface (17) of the cylindrical part, the former bearing primary windings (15) and secondary windings (16), each chamber (9) containing at least one primary or secondary winding of conductive wire, each winding having two side surfaces, an inner side surface which is closest to the outer side surface (17) of the cylindrical part (7) of the former (6), one of the inner surfaces of the windings of each of the chambers constituting the innermost surface (17) of the windings of this chamber (9), said innermost surface (17) coinciding with the outer side surface (17) of the former (6), and an outer side surface which is the outer surface of this winding furthest from the outer side surface of the former (6), one of the outer surfaces of the windings of each of the chambers constituting the outermost surface (18) of the windings of this chamber (9), which transformer is characterized in that the outermost surfaces (18) of the windings of each of the chambers (9) all coincide with the same cylindrical surface (18) parallel to the outer side surface (17) of the former.
  2. Transformer according to Claim 1, characterized in that at least one of the primary windings (20) consists of at least three partial windings (N1, N5, N8, N17) connected in parallel, each of the partial windings being isolated in a chamber (9), the chambers (C1, C3, C5, C9) containing these windings being each adjacent to a chamber (9') containing secondary windings.
  3. Transformer according to Claim 1, characterized in that a primary winding (20) consists of four partial windings (N1, N5, N8, N17) connected in parallel, each partial winding being isolated in a chamber.
  4. Transformer according to Claim 1, characterized in that a secondary winding (25) consists of at least two partial windings (N2, N3, N4; N14, N15, N16) in parallel, each of the partial secondary windings being housed in a chamber (9') adjacent on one side at least to a chamber (9) containing a winding of the primary.
  5. Transformer according to Claim 4, characterized in that one of the secondary windings (25) comprises three partial windings (N2, N3, N4; N14, N15, N16) connected in parallel.
  6. Transformer according to Claim 2, characterized in that the number of turns of each of the partial primary windings connected in parallel is such that the same value results therefrom for the current flowing in each of these partial windings.
  7. Transformer according to Claim 4, characterized in that the number of turns of each of the partial secondary windings connected in parallel is such that the same value results therefrom for the current flowing in each of these partial windings.
  8. Transformer according to Claim 2, characterized in that a secondary winding (25) consists of at least two partial windings (N2, N3, N4; N14, N15, N16) in parallel, each of the partial secondary windings being housed in a chamber (9') adjacent on one side at least to a chamber (9) containing a winding of the primary.
  9. Transformer according to Claim 8, characterized in that the number of turns of each of the partial primary windings connected in parallel is such that the same value results therefrom for the current flowing in each of these partial windings.
  10. Transformer according to Claim 8, characterized in that the number of turns of each of the partial secondary windings connected in parallel is such that the same value results therefrom for the current flowing in each of these partial windings.
  11. Transformer according to Claim 9, characterized in that a primary winding (20) includes four partial windings connected in parallel, and in that one of the secondary windings (25) comprises three partial windings (N2, N3, N4; N9; N14, N15, N16) connected in parallel, the partial windings of the secondary which are connected in parallel being each housed in chambers adjacent to two chambers containing primary windings.
  12. Transformer according to one of Claims 1 to 11, characterized in that at least one of the separating walls includes two combs (14, 14'), one of the combs guiding wires of the primary, and the other guiding wires of the secondary.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Transformateur à chambres (1) pour alimentation à découpage, équipé d'un corps de bobine (6) ayant une partie cylindrique (7) d'axe AA', des cloisons séparatrices (8) sécantes à l'axe AA', et des chambres (9) délimitées par deux cloisons séparatrices axialement consécutives et la surface latérale extérieure (17) de la partie cylindrique, le corps de bobine portant des enroulements primaires (15) et des enroulements secondaires (16), chaque chambre (9) contenant au moins un enroulement primaire ou secondaire de fil conducteur, chaque enroulement ayant deux surfaces latérales, une surface latérale intérieure qui est la plus proche de la surface latérale extérieure (17) de la partie cylindrique (7) du corps de bobine (6), l'une des surfaces intérieures des enroulements de chacune des chambres constituant la surface la plus intérieure (17) des enroulements de cette chambre (9), et une surface latérale extérieure qui est la surface extérieure de cet enroulement qui est la plus éloignée de la surface latérale extérieure du corps de bobine (6), l'une des surfaces extérieures des enroulements de chacune des chambres constituant la surface la plus extérieure (18) des enroulements de cette chambre (9), lequel transformateur est caractérisé en ce que les surfaces les plus extérieures (18) des enroulements de chacune des chambres (9) coïncident toutes avec la même surface cylindrique (18) parallèle à la surface latérale extérieure (17) du corps de bobine.
  2. Transformateur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'un au moins des enroulements primaires (20) est constitué par au moins trois enroulements partiels (N1, N5, N8, N17) branchés en parallèle, chacun des enroulements partiels étant isolé dans une chambre (9), les chambres (C1, C3, C5, C9) contenant ces enroulements étant adjacentes chacune à une chambre (9') contenant des enroulements secondaires.
  3. Transformateur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'un enroulement primaire (20) est constitué par quatre enroulements partiels (N1, N5, N8, N17) branchés en parallèle, chaque enroulement partiel étant isolé dans une chambre.
  4. Transformateur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu' un enroulement secondaire (25) est constitué par au moins deux enroulements partiels (N2, N3, N4 ; N14, N15, N16) en parallèle, chacun des enroulements secondaires partiels étant logé dans une chambre (9') adjacente d'un côté au moins à une chambre (9) contenant un enroulement du primaire.
  5. Transformateur selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que l'un des enroulements secondaires (25) comprend trois enroulements partiels (N2, N3, N4 ; N14, N15, N16) branchés en parallèle.
  6. Transformateur selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que le nombre de tours de chacun des enroulements primaires partiels branchés en parallèle est tel qu'il en résulte une même valeur pour le courant circulant dans chacun de ces enroulements partiels.
  7. Transformateur selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que le nombre de tours de chacun des enroulements secondaires partiels branchés en parallèle est tel qu'il en résulte une même valeur pour le courant circulant dans chacun de ces enroulements partiels.
  8. Transformateur selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que un enroulement secondaire (25) est constitué par au moins deux enroulements partiels (N2, N3, N4; N14, N15, N16) en parallèle, chacun des enroulements secondaires partiels étant logé dans une chambre (9') adjacente d'un côté au moins à une chambre (9) contenant un enroulement du primaire.
  9. Transformateur selon la revendication 8, caractérisé en ce que le nombre de tours de chacun des enroulements primaires partiels branchés en parallèle est tel qu'il en résulte une même valeur pour le courant circulant dans chacun de ces enroulements partiels.
  10. Transformateur selon la revendication 8 caractérisé en ce que le nombre de tours de chacun des enroulements secondaires partiels branchés en parallèle est tel qu'il en résulte une même valeur pour le courant circulant dans chacun de ces enroulements partiels.
  11. Transformateur selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce qu'un enroulement primaire (20) comporte quatre enroulements partiels branchés en parallèle, et en ce que l'un des enroulements secondaires (25) comprend trois enroulements partiels (N2, N3, N4; N9; N14, N15, N16) branchés en parallèle, les enroulements partiels du secondaire qui sont branchés en parallèle étant chacun logés dans des chambres adjacentes à deux chambres contenant des enroulements primaires.
  12. Transformateur selon l'une des revendications 1 à 11, caractérisé ce que l'une au moins des cloisons séparatrices comporte deux peignes (14, 14'), l'un des peignes guidant des fils du primaire, et l'autre guidant des fils du secondaire.






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