Dokumentenidentifikation EP1389412 25.03.2004
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001389412
Titel Kupplungshaken insbesondere für die Dreipunktkraftheberunterlenker eines Traktors
Anmelder Viikki, Paavo Antero, Kuusa, FI
Erfinder Viikki, Paavo, 41370 Kuusa, FI
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 08.08.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 031024805
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 18.02.2004
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 25.03.2004
IPC-Hauptklasse A01B 59/00


The present invention relates to a coupling hook particularly for the lower arms of a three-point linkage of a tractor, which is of the type referred to in the preamble to Claim 1.

A quick-release coupling for a three-point linkage for a tractor has been developed for a long time. Generally, the quick-release coupling employs coupler balls fitted to the device being coupled, to which the tractor's upper and lower arms are connected. There are special coupling hooks for this quick-release coupling, at the ends of the upper and lower arms.

The location of the operating lever of the coupling hook of publication DE 2617021 is quite typical. The operating lever is set to move in an opening above the body and it extends visibly above the body, where it can be easily grasped.

Various other models are known from international patent publication WO 00/10376, in all of which a plate-like operating lever protrudes to some extent above the body, even in the lower position.

In practice, the fact that the operating lever protrudes above the body leads to a considerable risk of damage, if a trailer, which is coupled by its towbar to the tractor's hook, is sometimes used. If the lower arms are not detached from the tractor, the hook's protruding operating lever may be damaged. In fact, such accidents often take place, if the towbar turns at an angle above the hook while the tractor is turning close to the towbar, when the trailer is being coupled or uncoupled. The hook according to the DE publication will be entirely torn off. Even the construction according to the WO publication will not always be safe from damage. On the other hand, it is not wished to detach the hooks, as they are used alternately to a trailer.

The present invention is intended to create an improved hook construction, by means of which damage to the hook and especially to its operating lever will be avoided if it strikes the towbar of a trailer. The characteristic features of the hook according to the invention are stated in the accompanying Claim 1. According to one preferred embodiment, there is a hole in the operating lever for a finger grip and this hole conforms to the lower part of the recess, when the operating lever is in the lower position. Other benefits and embodiments of the invention are described later. The invention is suitable for use in connection with coupling hooks with different types of mechanism.

In the following, the invention is described with the aid of the accompanying example, which is shown in the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1
shows the coupling hook according to the invention seen from the opposite side to the housing, without the coupler ball,
Figure 2
shows the coupling hook of Figure 1, seen from the side of the housing and with the coupler ball locked into the coupling jaw,
Figure 3
shows the coupling hook of Figure 1 with the housing cover removed and with the catch in the locking position,
Figure 4
shows a corresponding assembly to that of Figure 3, with the operating lever locked in the open position,
Figure 5
shows the housing of the coupling hook, without the moving parts.

In the example, a construction largely according to Figures 5 and 6 of the aforesaid WO publication is used, though the invention is also suitable for use in connection with other catch mechanisms.

In Figures 3 and 4, the coupling hook according to the invention is shown without the cover 34, which in the finished product is welded onto the forged component and forms part of the body. The coupling hook is welded conventionally to an arm component (not shown).

With reference to Figures 1, 2, and 3, the coupling hook includes a body 1, in which there is a coupling jaw 27 and a housing 25. The coupling jaw 27 is conventional and is arranged particularly to receive a coupler ball 11. The coupler ball placed in the coupling jaw 27 is locked with a catch 2, the front of which has a spherically shaped under surface, Figure 1.

The most essential feature in terms of the present invention relates to the operating lever 3 and the recess 29 reserved for this in the body. As Figures 1 and 2 clearly show, in the lower position the operating lever 3 is well protected. A trailer towbar that sweeps over the top of the hook can no longer damage the operating lever. In this case, the upper surface 36 of the operating lever conforms to the outline of the body, but it can also remain lower. The body of the hook will, on the other hand, withstand even violent collisions. The recess 29 of the body 1 provides finger access to the hole 18 in the operating lever 3, which provides a grip for raising the operating lever. The recess is preferably wide enough to allow the operating lever to be handled even with gloved hands.

The depth of the recess 29 is 60 - 140 %, preferably 80 - 120 % of its width (in the longitudinal direction of the hook), however, at least 2,5 cm. The recess preferably extends through the hook.

In the coupling hook's body, which is made as a forged piece, there is a housing 25, in which there are only a few machined surfaces and into which the operating mechanism of the catch 2 is fitted. The catch 2 is supported by a round hole 13 in the body (Figure 5). As the forged body component has material on both sides of the catch, its construction is particularly sturdy. There is a machined drill hole in the forged component for the catch. The cross-section of the catch itself is slightly oval, allowing it to turn slightly at the start of the opening movement (in this mechanism). Such a construction is also preferable in hooks equipped with other kinds of mechanism.

The catch 2 has a slot 9, with a pin 7 in the body 1 to fit this and arranged to limit the linear movement of the catch 2 (mechanism according to the WO publication). Besides guiding the catch 2, the pin 7 limits the linear movement of the catch 2 to its operational area, preventing the catch's 2 operating mechanism from being loaded unnecessarily. A spring 8 is fitted into a drill hole formed in the lower end of the catch 2 and continuously presses the catch 2 into the locking position. The other end of the spring 8 fits onto a pin 30 set in the bottom of the housing 25 (Figure 5).

  1. A coupling hook particularly for the lower arms of a three-point linkage of a tractor, which is intended to attach an implement to the tractor by means of a coupler ball (11) or similar, which coupling hook includes a body (1), in which there is a housing (25) for a catch mechanism and a coupling jaw (27) arranged to receive particularly the aforesaid coupler ball (11), in relation to which the movement of the coupling hook is essentially vertical; a catch (2) that moves essentially linearly and downwards at an angle in guides (13) arranged in the housing (25); a spring (8) arranged to press the catch (2) into the retaining position, in which retaining position the end of the catch (2) protrudes from the housing (25) into the coupling jaw (27) partly on top of the coupler ball (11), in order to lock the coupler ball (11) into the coupling jaw (27), whereas in the open position the catch (2) is pulled into the housing (25), thus permitting the coupler ball (11) to rise out of the coupling jaw (27); and an operating lever (3) fitted to the catch (2), for moving the catch (2) particularly from the retaining position to the open position (2), which operating lever is set to move in an opening (28) above the housing (25), characterized in that a recess (29) is formed in the body (1) at the opening (28) above the operating lever (3) and in the lower position the upper surface (36) of the operating lever (3) is arranged essentially to conform to the upper part of the body (1) or lie beneath it.
  2. A coupling hook according to Claim 1, characterized in that the operating lever (3) includes a hole (18) for a finger grip.
  3. A coupling hook according to Claim 2, characterized in that the hole (18) conforms to the lower part of the recess (29).
  4. A coupling hook according to any of Claims 1 - 3, characterized in that the depth of the recess is 60 - 140 %, preferably 80 - 120 %, of the width of the recess (29), being, however, at least 2,5 cm.
  5. A coupling hook according to any of Claims 1 - 4, characterized in that the body (1) is formed of a forged component and of a cover plate (34) welded on top of the housing, in both of which the aforesaid recess (29) is formed.

A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik



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