PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0869873 01.04.2004
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000869873
Titel FLÜSSIGKEITSAPPLIKATOR
Anmelder Berol Corp., Freeport, Ill., US
Erfinder LIGHTFOOT, Roger, Mark, Berkshire RG6 3BG, GB
Vertreter BOEHMERT & BOEHMERT, 28209 Bremen
DE-Aktenzeichen 69631685
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 12.12.1996
EP-Aktenzeichen 969437417
WO-Anmeldetag 12.12.1996
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/US96/19885
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0009721554
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 19.06.1997
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.10.1998
EP date of grant 25.02.2004
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 01.04.2004
IPC-Hauptklasse B43L 19/00
IPC-Nebenklasse A45D 40/26   

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to applicators used to apply a fluid substance onto a surface. The invention is principally concerned with, and is specially described herein in relation to applicators for applying a correction fluid to a paper surface to facilitate the correction of typing or writing mistakes. It is known to supply correction fluid in a bottle provided with a cap which incorporates an applicator having a rigid stem extending from the underside of the cap, and an application element, most often a brush, carried at the free end of the stem. By holding the cap, the brush can be dipped into the fluid contained in the bottle to pick up a small portion of the fluid, and by applying the brush to the surface of a sheet of paper a fairly broad band or stripe of correction fluid can be deposited onto the paper. When not in use, the cap is secured to the bottle, e.g. by a screw threaded connection, and the applicator is conveniently stored within the bottle. On the whole the known applicators of this kind work well. However, it can be difficult to lay down a stripe of fluid with uniform thickness and width over more than a short distance along the paper, e.g. when attempting to cover over complete words or more than a word, at least with a single stroke of the brush. As a consequence it is frequently necessary to stroke the brush along the paper several times, which is inconvenient.

Various fluid applicators have been proposed. U.S. patent 2314539 discloses an applicator for applying fluid to a surface where the applicator includes a tip element extending from a flexible part. U.S. Patent 2314539 further discloses that the applicator tip is secured to the end of a fluid container neck and the flexible part has an inner duct leading to an outlet port through which fluid inside the container may be dispensed.

U.S. Patent 2282406 proposes a fluid control applicator that utilizes a sponge tip element attached to the inside of a bottle neck such that when the bottle neck is inverted fluid inside the container is absorbed by the sponge element and can then be blotted onto an application surface. British reference GB-A-775009 discloses a spreader type liquid applicator in which a spreading portion is flexibly connected to a ring portion, which can be attached to a dispenser, such that as the spreading portion is wiped across an application surface the dispenser pours or spills applicator fluid ahead of the spreading portion. French reference FR-A-1269178 discloses an applicator consisting of a stem extending into a flat applicator tip with the other end of the stem extending from the underside of a bottle cap. The Figures of FR-A-1269178 are directed at various stem cross sections which provide surface area for fluid to drain down from onto the applicator tip element.

French reference FR 682,638 discloses a pen-type applicator wherein an applicator tip is held tight against a hole in the tip of the pen by a flexible member attached to a stem within the pen reservoir. When the applicator tip is forced away from the tip fluid from within the reservoir flows onto a surface to be spread by the applicator tip. U.S. 2,291,676 and U.S. 2,397,080 each disclose a spreader-type applicator in which a flexible rubber material is secured to a rigid wooden stem such that the flexible applicator has no resiliency.

In accordance with the present invention there is provide an applicator for applying a fluid to a surface, said applicator having a connection part, a tip at one end of said connection part adapted to be dipped into a fluid to be applied to a surface, the other end of said connection part being connected to one end of a substantially rigid stem, characterized in that said one end of said connection part supports an applicator tip element, and in that the junction between said stem and said connection part provides a hinge such that said connection part is capable of resiliently flexing about said stem as said applicator tip element is stroked across said surface.

In accordance with the present invention there is further provided an applicator for applying a fluid to a surface, said applicator having a connection part, a tip at one end of said connection part adapted to be dipped into a fluid to be applied to a surface, the other end of said connection part being connected to one end of a substantially rigid stem, characterized in that said one end of said connection part supports an applicator tip element, in that the junction between said stem and said connection part provides a hinge such that said connection part is capable of resiliently flexing about said stem as the applicator tip element is stroked across said surface and in that the end of said stem remote from said connection part depends from the underside of a cap, whereby said stem, said tip element and said connection part are positioned within a bottle when said cap is engaged thereon.

In accordance with the present invention there is additionally provided a correction fluid product including a bottle, defining a reservoir and an opening, a correction fluid within the reservoir, and an applicator, inserted through the opening, the applicator including a cap, a connection part and a porous absorbent applicator tip element, characterized in that the applicator includes a substantially rigid elongated stem extending from the cap, the connection part is located at a terminal end of the stem and has a length that is less than the length of the elongated stem, the applicator tip element is connected to an end of the stem by the connection part, the junction between the stem and the connection part provides a hinge between the stem and an end of the applicator tip element such that the connection part is capable of flexing resiliently as the applicator tip element is stroked across a paper surface, which allows the applicator tip element to be deflected from a normal position in which the applicator tip element is substantially aligned with the stem to a position substantially perpendicular to the normal position.

The application element should be capable of absorbing a portion of fluid when dipped into a body of the fluid, e.g. contained in a bottle, and of holding this fluid portion until the application element is applied to a surface. The application element is conveniently formed as a pad or a molded member of porous material e.g. foam, which can be attached in various ways, e.g. by means of adhesive, heat welding or mechanical fixing, to the resiliently flexible connection part. It is also possible for the application element to be made of porous material and to be formed integrally with the resiliently flexible part.

The resiliently flexible part can be integral with the stem or it can be a separate part fixedly secured to the stem, e.g. by a root portion thereof being inserted into a bore provided in the end of the stem.

The resiliently flexible part may be capable of flexing in any direction, or it can be adapted e.g. in the manner of a living hinge, to define a predetermined axis about which the application element can pivot relative to the stem while being restrained against deflection in other directions.

The resiliently flexible connection part preferably allows the application element to deflect from a position substantially aligned with the stem to a position substantially at 90° thereto. When the application element is applied to a surface with a natural stroking action, which varies the angle at which the stem is inclined to the surface, there is a tendency to increase the force with which the application element presses against the surface.

However with an applicator according to the invention, the application element can deflect due to the resiliency of the connection part, and the force against the paper does not vary greatly throughout the stroke. As a consequence the rate at which fluid is delivered onto the surface at the end of the stroke is not substantially different from that at the beginning of the stroke and a uniform stripe of fluid is obtained.

A full understanding of the invention will be gained from the following detailed description of some embodiments, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1 shows a first applicator embodying the invention;
  • Figure 2 illustrates the flexing capability of the applicator tip of the Figure 1 applicator;
  • Figure 3 is similar to Figure 2 but shows a modified construction;
  • Figure 4 shows another applicator embodying the invention;
  • Figure 5 is a side view of the connection component of the applicator in Figure 4;
  • Figure 6 is a front view of the connection component of Figures 4 and 5;
  • Figure 7 illustrates the flexing capability of the Figure 4 embodiment;
  • Figure 8 shows in axial section another applicator construction;
  • Figures 9a and 9b illustrate the flexing capability of the Figure 8 embodiment;
  • Figures 10 and 11 show the applicator of Figure 8 with respective forms of applicator tip element mounted to the flexible connection part;
  • Figure 12 is an axial section showing yet another applicator embodying the invention; and
  • Figures 13(a) and 13 (b) illustrate the flexing capability of the applicator of Figure 12.

The correction fluid applicator shown in Figures 1 and 2 comprises a substantially rigid stem 1 attached to and projecting axially from the underside of a correction fluid bottle cap 2. At the lower end of the stem is a connection part 3 which is formed integrally with the stem.

The connection part includes a waisted section 4 of reduced diameter defining a flexing point about which a lower portion of this part is able to deflect resiliently between a normal position axially aligned with the stem (condition (a) in Fig. 2) to a position substantially at 90° to the stem (condition (c) in Fig.2). Fixed onto the connection part 3 is an application element in the form of a moulded tip member 5 of open cell foam which can be any required shape, e.g. with a pointed tip or with a flat blade-like edge. The foam tip member can be secured in any convenient manner, such as by adhesive.

In use, the tip member is dipped into a body of correction fluid and absorbs some of the fluid. When the tip is applied to and moved across a surface with a natural stroking action, as the stroke progresses the connection part 3 flexes causing the tip member to deflect progressively from the normal in line position in accordance with the sequence (a)-(b)-(c) shown in Figure 2. When the applicator is lifted from the surface at the end of the stroke, the connection part 3 and tip member 5 revert to their in-line positions due to the resilience of the material of the connection part. This resilience also ensures that the tip member is pressed with an even force against the paper thereby, assisting in delivering fluid from the tip member at a constant rate when the tip member is stroked across a paper surface.

The applicator shown in Figure 3 is largely the same as that of Figures 1 and 2 and it differs only in that the connection part is formed as a separate component and fastened to the end of the stem 1. Conveniently the connection part includes a root 6 or peg which is fitted into and secured in a blind bore provided at the end of the stem.

Figures 4-7 show another applicator with a separate connection part fixed to the stem 1 in the same way as described in connection with Figure 3. The connection part 3 has a generally flat blade section 8 around the free end edge of which a pad 9 of open cell foam is wrapped to form an application element. The blade section includes a pair of opposed notches 10 in its side edges which define a flexing point at which the section will flex resiliently with respect to the stem. Due to the flat shape, the flexure occurs about a pivot axis, like a living hinge, the foam pad 9 being supported against movement relative to the stem in directions other than about the pivot axis. The notches 10 also serve to locate and retain a collar or monofilament 11 tied around the foam pad to secure it to the connection part. Of course other methods of fixing could be used to secure the foam pad.

In use the applicator of Figs. 4-6 functions in essentially the same way as that of Figs. 1-2, although the applicator in this instance needs to be oriented so that the pivotal axis about which flexing can occur is transverse to the direction of displacement of the foam pad application element over the paper surface. At the beginning of an application stroke the foam pad is aligned with the stem as indicated in Fig. 7(a), and at the end of a full stroke it will be at about 90° to the initial position, as shown in Fig.7 (b).

Figures 8-11 illustrate an applicator in which the resiliently flexible connection part consists of a straight rod 12 of rubber-like material, or suitably resilient plastics, such as sintered ethylene vinyl acetate. The cross-section of the rod is not important and it may be conveniently circular, square or rectangular. One end of the rod acts as a root inserted into a bore formed in the end of the rigid stem 1, and staked in position by a pin 13 inserted transversely through the stem and rod. The projecting portion of the rod is capable of flexing resiliently through about 90° as depicted in Figs. 9(a) and 9(b). Carried on the projecting portion of the rod is the application element which can be of any convenient form such a pad 14 or sock of open cell foam secured on the rod by adhesive or by a mechanical fixing means. The foam application element can be of any desirable shape, such as rounded as in Fig. 10 or more pointed as in Fig. 11.

The applicator of Figs. 12 and 13 is of the same general construction as those Figs. 8-11, but differs in that the application element 15 and the resiliently flexible rod 12 which connects to the stem are made in one piece, such as a sintered ethylene vinyl acetate moulding or casting. Figs. 13 (a) and (b) illustrate the flexibility and indicate that the application element can be deflected to a position approximately 90° to the normal position aligned with stem.

The applicators of Figs. 8-13 are used and operate by the application element flexing in the same way as described above in connection with the earlier embodiments.

Although described in connection with correction fluid application, applicators according to the invention can be used for other purposes, e.g. applying cosmetics or make-up. Providing for resilient deflection of the application element allows pressure to be applied without causing the application element to splay open, as occurs with the bristles of a brush. Applying a uniform film of fluid has the further advantage that the drying time is substantially constant for all portions of the film. Furthermore, the deflection of the application element can improve visibility and hence accuracy in use of the applicator.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Applikator zum Aufbringen einer Flüssigkeit auf eine Oberfläche, wobei besagter Applikator ein Verbindungsteil (3) aufweist, wobei eine Spitze an einem Ende besagten Verbindungsteils (3) so ausgebildet ist, daß sie in eine auf eine Oberfläche aufzubringende Flüssigkeit eingetaucht werden kann, wobei das andere Ende besagten Verbindungsteils (3) mit einem Ende eines im wesentlichen starren Stiels (1) verbunden ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß besagtes eine Ende besagten Verbindungsteils (3) ein Applikatorspitzenelement (5) trägt und daß die Verbindung zwischen besagtem Stiel (1) und besagtem Verbindungsteil (3) ein Gelenk (4) bereitstellt, so daß besagtes Verbindungsteil (3) sich um besagten Stiel (1) elastisch biegen kann, wenn besagtes Applikatorspitzenelement (5) über besagte Oberfläche gestrichen wird.
  2. Applikator nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Ende des Stiels (1), das von besagtem Verbindungsteil (3) entfernt ist, von der Unterseite einer Kappe (2) absteht, wodurch besagter Stiel (1), das Spitzenelement (5) und besagtes Verbindungsteil (3) innerhalb einer Flasche angeordnet sind, wenn besagte Kappe (2) darauf in Eingriff gebracht ist.
  3. Applikator nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verbindungsteil (3) ermöglicht, daß das Applikatorspitzenelement (5) aus einer normalen Position, die im wesentlichen mit dem Stiel (1) fluchtet, in eine Position etwa 90° zu besagter normalen Position umgebogen werden kann.
  4. Applikator nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verbindungsteil (3) eine Achse definiert, um die das Applikatorspitzenelement (5) relativ zum Stiel (1) schwenkbar ist.
  5. Applikator nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verbindungsteil (3) ein Umbiegen des Applikatorspitzenelements (5) nur in einer einzigen Ebene ermöglicht, die die Längsachse des Stiels (1) enthält.
  6. Applikator nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verbindungsteil (3) einen im wesentlichen flachen Abschnitt einschließt.
  7. Applikator nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verbindungsteil (3) einen Stab (12) aus elastisch flexiblem Material einschließt.
  8. Applikator nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verbindungsteil (3) einstückig mit dem Stiel (1) ist.
  9. Applikator nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Verbindungsteil (3) einen Fußabschnitt (6) einschließt, der in einer Bohrung im Ende des Stiels (1) befestigt ist.
  10. Applikator nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Applikatorspitzenelement (5) ein Schaumteil einschließt, das an dem Verbindungsteil (3) befestigt ist.
  11. Applikator nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Applikatorspitzenelement (5) aus porösem Material hergestellt ist und einstückig mit dem Verbindungsteil (3) ausgebildet ist.
  12. Korrekturflüssigkeitsprodukt, das eine Flasche, die ein Reservoir und eine Öffnung definiert, eine Korrekturflüssigkeit im Reservoir und einen Applikator nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 11, der durch die Öffnung eingeführt ist, einschließt.
Anspruch[en]
  1. An applicator for applying a fluid to a surface, said applicator having a connection part (3), a tip at one end of said connection part (3) adapted to be dipped into a fluid to be applied to a surface, the other end of said connection part (3) being connected to one end of a substantially rigid stem (1), characterized in that said one end of said connection part (3) supports an applicator tip element (5), and in that the junction between said stem (1) and said connection part (3) provides a hinge (4) such that said connection part (3) is capable of resiliently flexing about said stem (1) as said applicator tip element (5) is stroked across said surface.
  2. An applicator according to claim 1, characterized in that the end of the stem (1) remote from the connection part (3) depends from the underside of a cap (2), whereby said stem (1), the tip element (5) and said connection part (3) are positioned within a bottle when said cap (2) is engaged thereon.
  3. An applicator according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that the connection part (3) allows the applicator tip element (5) to be deflected from a normal position substantially aligned with the stem (1) to a position at about 90° to said normal position.
  4. An applicator to any of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the connection part (3) defines an axis about which the applicator tip element (5) is pivotable relative to the stem (1).
  5. An applicator according to any of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the connection part (3) permits deflection of the applicator tip element (5) only in a single plane containing the longitudinal axis of the stem (1).
  6. An applicator according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the connection part (3) includes a substantially flat section.
  7. An applicator according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the connection part (3) includes a rod (12) of resiliently flexible material.
  8. An applicator according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the connection part (3) is integral with the stem (1).
  9. An applicator according to any of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the connection part (3) includes a root portion (6) fixed in a bore in the end of the stem (1).
  10. An applicator according to any of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the applicator tip element (5) includes a foam member attached to the connection part (3).
  11. An applicator according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the applicator tip element (5) is made of porous material and is integrally formed with the connection part (3).
  12. A correction fluid product including a bottle, defining a reservoir and an opening, a correction fluid within the reservoir, and an applicator according to any of claims 2 to 11, inserted through the opening.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Applicateur destiné à appliquer un fluide sur une surface, ledit applicateur ayant une partie de connexion (3), une pointe à une extrémité de ladite partie de connexion (3) adaptée pour être plongée dans un fluide à appliquer sur une surface, l'autre extrémité de ladite partie de connexion (3) étant connectée à une extrémité d'une tige sensiblement rigide (1), caractérisé en ce que ladite une extrémité de ladite partie de connexion (3) supporte un élément de pointe d'applicateur (5), et en ce que la jonction entre ladite tige (1) et ladite partie de connexion (3) fournit une articulation (4) de telle manière que ladite partie de connexion (3) peut fléchir de manière élastique autour de ladite tige (1) quand ledit élément de pointe d'applicateur (5) est passé en travers de ladite surface.
  2. Applicateur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'extrémité de la tige (1) à distance de la partie de connexion (3) pend depuis le dessous d'un bouchon (2), moyennant quoi ladite tige (1), l'élément de pointe (5) et ladite partie de connexion (3) sont positionnés dans une bouteille quand ledit bouchon (2) est en prise sur celle-ci.
  3. Applicateur selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2,caractérisé en ce que la partie de connexion (3) permet à l'élément de pointe d'applicateur (5) d'être dévié d'une position normale sensiblement alignée avec la tige (1) vers une position à environ 90° de ladite position normale.
  4. Applicateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,caractérisé en ce que la partie de connexion (3) définit un axe autour duquel l'élément de pointe d'applicateur (5) peut pivoter autour de la tige (1).
  5. Applicateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,caractérisé en ce que la partie de connexion (3) permet la déviation de l'élément de pointe d'applicateur (5) seulement dans un seul plan contenant l'axe longitudinal de la tige (1).
  6. Applicateur selon la revendication 4 ou 5, caractérisé en ce que la partie de connexion (3) comprend une section sensiblement plate.
  7. Applicateur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que la partie de connexion (3) comprend une tige (12) en un matériau élastiquement flexible.
  8. Applicateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que la partie de connexion (3) est intégrée avec le système (1).
  9. Applicateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7,caractérisé en ce que la partie de connexion (3) comprend une partie de base (6) fixée dans un alésage dans l'extrémité de la tige.
  10. Applicateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce que l'élément de pointe d'applicateur (5) comprend un élément en mousse fixé à la partie de connexion (3).
  11. Applicateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que l'élément de pointe d'applicateur (5) est fait d'un matériau poreux et est intégralement formé avec la partie de connexion (3).
  12. Produit de fluide de correction comprenant une bouteille, définissant un réservoir et une ouverture, un fluide de correction à l'intérieur du réservoir, et un applicateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 11, inséré dans l'ouverture.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com