The Technical Field
This invention concerns equipment which separates vibration such as
sound, music or noise in resonance. The equipment can immediately visualize many
frequencies of vibration which are contained in sound. It detects a vibration ingredient
into many frequency bands directly. The construction method of the equipment and
the method of operation are explained in this document.
The Background Technology
"The cantilever " resonants with vibration, and it has been completed
as a basic theory in physics and engineering. This equipment is used to apply this
theory. It has many kinds of resonance vibrators such as 100-1300Hz frequency which
correspond to the human voice range. It separates human voice, music, noise and
so on in the resonance directly, it can divide them into the vibration ingredients.
A computer can separate "sound " into frequency by computation of
the Fourier transform. Also, it is possible to divide into every ingredient with
the electronic circuit of the resonant circuit and the filter circuit, too. Then,
it displays "sound" with a display and an indicator. However, it is a way of computation
or with an electronic circuit.
With this invention, a person can feel vibration directly. This equipment
separates "sound " and " vibration " real time into the frequency components and
can show them directly. The effect of the separation is same as the effect in the
hearing of a human being. It is possible to use as an auditory organ when changed
into a digital signal. Since our life is surrounded by "sound " and "vibration,"
this equipment, which can see the state of the receiver of vibration directly, will
be able to carry the field of indoor and educational activities in new directions.
The theory of the vibration resonator has been clarified in the field
of physics and vibration engineering as vibration theory of the so-called "cantilever".
As the theory states, I created and measured a vibration resonator which makes us
able to see the phenomenon of sound frequency separation with our own eyes directly.
It becomes a straight line in accordance with the theory when the relation between
the length of piano wire and the actual measurement of the resonance vibration is
analyzed by regression analysis and graphed. A piano wire is fixed on the rigid
body and then the speaker of this equipment emits vibration and a resonance frequency
is recorded. When this basic data is analyzed, relation to the resonance frequency
of the oscillator according to the material and the length of the oscillator is
computed by regression analysis.
The result is shown in figure 1. Figure 1 is the computed data of
(1) piano wire of 0.3 mm in diameter, (2) piano wire of 0.5 mm in diameter, (3)
piano wire of 1.0 mm in diameter. Moreover, according to 0.3mm piano wire, the frequency
data of the scale of the pure temperament and the data of calculated results with
the length of the oscillator to (4) from figure 1 is added. The piano wire used
is JISG3522. Also, when the piano wire is changed into a stainless line of 0.008
mm in diameter, a resonance frequency of equal to or more than 1300 Hz can be measured.
The actual measurement with the length of the resonance frequency and the oscillator
is computated by regression computation.
The Elucidation of the Invention
For example, as a rigid body which conducts vibration to these oscillators,
a stick of wood and resin is used. A straw can be used instead of wood is more simple
construction. A hole to fix a piano wire on this rigid body in equal intervals is
made. A piano wire is fixed to the holes with in turn the putting-in resin with
length, making a vibration receiver.
Energy of sound with ordinary size Hz is not large enough to be resonant
with this vibration reception resonator sufficiently. To vibrate an oscillator roughly,
equipment which amplifies vibration to the vibration reception resonator is added.
A sound is entered from microphone via the circuit to amplify and to control. Then,
it is transmitted from the vibration equipment ( the speaker ) to the vibration
The sensitivity of the general vibration of the oscillator depends
on the vibration band. As for low sound, resonance precision of the oscillator is
high. For example, when the natural frequency of the 0.3 mm piano wire supposed
to be 30 Hz, it vibrates in 1Hz back and forth. However, at 400 Hz of the high-pitched
tone, it vibrates more in the resonance in 5 - 10 Hz back and forth. When it is
established that a spread of sensitivity of the resonance vibration changes depend
on the vibration band, the resonant frequency is established. With low vibration,
the oscillator resonants well and it vibrates roughly. The oscillator which reacts
to the high vibration makes the length shortly. It becomes difficult to vibrate
in the visualized level. Therefore, in high sound, it uses a thin oscillator with
the amplitude of vibration which can be roughly seen.
The Simple Explanation of the Drawing
Figure 2 is a solid figure of the main unit. Figure 3 is a solid figure
of the vibration resonator which was joined at the speaker and the Fixation stand.
Figure 4 is a block diagram of the electronic circuit. Figure 5 is a different type
of a oscillator which forms the shape of a black swallowtail butterfly as an example.
Figure 6 is a solid figure that actually fixes the oscillator of figure 5. Figure
7 is an example created with the piezoelectric device to change an oscillator into
electronic signals. Figure 8 is a block diagram of operation as the snail pipe of
a artificial hearing receptacle.
The Best Form to Implement this Invention
Figure 2 is a solid figure of the main unit of the sound resonance
separation equipment. It is an oscillator which has a wide range of principal vibration
oscillators from (1) to (20). The vibration of the sound is converted from a microphone
into electronic signals. When sound is entered into the microphone input terminal
(27), the amplification is controlled by electronic circuit (28). Moreover, an electronic
signal is output by vibration occurrence equipment (a speaker) (24).The vibration
of sound becomes amplified vertical vibration and vibrates the vertical direction
in the rigid body (21).The vibration spreads through oscillators (1)- (20) which
have the principal vibration which is fixed on the rigid body. Then, only the oscillator
vibrates according to the frequency of the vibration. There is a volume control
(25) to control the size of the vibration. Also, the frequency system control controls
the transmission frequency of the sine wave.
Figure 3 is a solid figure of a resonance separator which was joined
to the speaker which consists of more than one resonance oscillator. The natural
frequency depends on Young's modulus, the cross-sectional area, the length and linear
density of the material. For example, by using the value of the table of figure
1, it fixes 20 oscillators by every 10 Hz on rigid body (21) from 50 Hz to 250 Hz.
The material of this rigid body (21) should be light and strong.
A vibration resonator is directly fixed to the center of the vibration
of the speaker which is vibration occurrence equipment. The way of fixing is to
glue together fixation stand (23) in the center of the vibration of the speaker.
A load and the other power are devised to become small. The rigid body part of the
vibration resonator is joined to the fixation stand (23) so as not to fall and not
to become unattached by the vibration.
In the case of a large-sized oscillator which can be seen from a distance,
it should hang from above so as not for the load of the oscillator to hang over
the vibration occurrence equipment main unit such as a speaker. Moreover, the vibration
main unit for the joint is more firmly glued together and fixed. Because this equipment
is created to see the resonance vibration of sound, the volume must be suppressed.
When using a speaker, it cuts off the part of the speaker corn.
Figure 4 is a block diagram of the electronic circuit. The block (32)
of the main unit which is surrounded by the dotted line is a figure which shows
the electronic circuit (28) of figure 2 more specifically. In the block (39) which
is a wireless input/output surrounded by the other dotted line describes the circuit
of the FM transmitter (40) and the FM receiver (41) illustrated to enter sound from
a long distance by considering the usage which is mentioned later.
For low vibration, oscillators vibrate well, but the width of the
sensitivity is small. In bands of high sound, the width of the sensitivity of the
resonance vibration is wide, but it is difficult to see the size of the movement
of the oscillator by the naked eye. Therefore, the feature must be, as the situation
demands, added to the control of the input signal and amplified electric circuit
(38). To improve accuracy of the experiment, low frequency transmitters (36) and
(37) for the sine curve output are added to the circuit. (However, the transmitter
can be substituted for the outside system.) Voice input by microphone is (33) and
Figure 5 is a resonator which processed an oscillator for decorations.
Figure 6 is a solid figure of figure 5. Figure 7 is an example of an oscillator
created with the piezoelectric device. Figure 8 is a block diagram of operation
as the snail pipe of a artificial hearing receptacle.
Availability in the Industry
The equipment of this invention divides the stimulation of various
sounds into the ingredients of many frequency bands immediately. Then, the separated
ingredients are able to be seen simultaneously. It has the effect as specified below.
- (1)The physical field -teaching materials for learning about "wave motion"
- (2)The field of biology -teaching materials for learning about the "auditory
- (3)The mathematics field -As an actual model of the Fourier transform
- (4)The children's education field
As a toy which reacts to the sound and the voice which the child can
- (5)The education of handicapped children field
As introduction equipment for a person who has damage to hearing and
vocalizing organs to understand an auditory organ and to practice vocalizing
- (6)The sound field
As an attachment to audio equipment to enjoy by seeing the reaction
of sound. Moreover, by the device which sends the signal of the sound from the distant
place by the FM electric wave, the above-mentioned effect can be improved.