PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1333965 03.11.2005
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001333965
Titel HAND-REVOLVERKOPFBOHRER
Anmelder Eriksen, Steen Mandsfelt, Graested, DK
Erfinder Eriksen, Steen Mandsfelt, 3230 Graested, DK
Vertreter BOEHMERT & BOEHMERT, 24105 Kiel
DE-Aktenzeichen 60113711
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 28.09.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 019717248
WO-Anmeldetag 28.09.2001
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/DK01/00623
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0002026453
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 04.04.2002
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 13.08.2003
EP date of grant 28.09.2005
Veröffentlichungstag der Übersetzung europäischer Ansprüche 04.05.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 03.11.2005
IPC-Hauptklasse B27C 1/00

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a drill of the kind that is hand-held and comprises a casing, a driving spindle rotatably journaled in the casing for, during operation, rotating a driven spindle which is in an operatable position in which it is coaxially flush with the driving spindle, a driving motor for directly or indirectly rotating the driving spindle, a coupling for connecting and disconnecting the engagement of the driven spindle with the driving spindle, a turret head revolvably mounted on the casing and provided with at least two driven spindles and arranged in such a way that the spindles one by one can be rotated into operatable position, a first coupling part of the coupling made on the end of the driven spindle that faces the driving spindle, an opposite second coupling part connected to the driving spindle in a nonrotatable manner and axially movable between a connected and disconnected position in relation to this driving spindle, and means for manually moving the second coupling part between its connected and disconnected position.

Generally, hand-held drills have chucks for clamping a rotary tool. In many cases, such a drill is employed for jobs that require consecutive use of various tools which therefore one by one are clamped in the chuck.

An example of such a job is a job that simply consists in screwing a wood screw into a piece of wood. When a conventional drill with one spindle is employed for this purpose, the following operations are required.

A drill bit is clamped in the chuck while the drill is inoperative. A hole is predrilled in the wood by actuating the drill. The drill is dwelled. The chuck is opened. The drill bit is removed. A screw bit is clamped in the chuck instead and the screw is screwed into the predrilled hole by reactuating the drill.

If the job only comprises a single or a small number of screws, it is still manageable to employ a drill with only one operatable spindle despite the many operations. However, this is not the case if the job comprises many screws. Then, the many tool changes will really be an inconvenience to the operator just as they will take up a considerable part of the total time spent on doing the job.

The problem has been tried solved by providing a hand-held drill with several driven spindles which one at the time are coupled into operative engagement with the driving spindle of the drill. Each of the driven spindles then has a chuck with a tool that is not changed as long as the same kind of work is done repeatedly. Thereby, the many tool changes are saved.

Such a drill is known from US 5,573,358. In this case, there are two driven spindles both journaled in a revolvable arrangement of bearings which can bring either one of the driven spindles into operative engagement with the drive shaft of the drill upon turning. During such a turning manoeuvre, the driven spindles will travel in a large curve. Thereby, the structure with the projecting spindles and their chucks will become unstable in itself. The revolvable arrangement of bearings is therefore supported by a guideway. But as the spindle with the tool which is not in use at the moment is hanging out to the side, the drill becomes lopsided and unhandy and also difficult to operate in narrow spaces, e.g. in a corner. On changes between the two driven spindles, the revolvable arrangement of bearings is turned back and forth in relation to the rest of the drill. This known structure is relatively complex and unwieldy, and it is difficult to employ and has a limited operating range.

The object of the invention is to provide a drill of the kind mentioned in the opening paragraph, that has a simple, stably functioning design and that is easy and safe to operate.

The novel and unique features according to the invention, whereby this is achieved, is the fact that the drill furthermore comprises a guideway extending parallel to the axis of the driving spindle, a slide movably received in the guideway and having a through channel extending coaxially to the driving spindle, whereby the second coupling part is extending rotatably through the channel of the slide and is retained in this channel against axial movement.

Having this design, a driven spindle can now be coupled into and out of engagement with the driving spindle easily and quickly quite simply by operating the coupling instead of conventionally having to move the turret head with its chucks and tools in relation to the rest of the drill.

The driven spindle, which currently is in the operatable position on the drill, is coupled into and out of the engagement with the driving spindle by axially moving the second coupling part back and forth during which the second coupling part is effectively supported and guided.

In a constructively simple variant of this embodiment, the second coupling part can merely consist of a coupling bar which is extending into an axially extending end hole in the driving spindle in an axially movable but nonrotatable manner and is extending through the channel of the slide in a rotatable manner but secured against axial displacement.

Alternatively, the second coupling part can consist of a bushing journaled in the channel of the slide in a rotatable manner but secured against axial displacement, and a coupling bar extending into or through the bushing in a nonrotatable manner secured against axial displacement and into an axially extending end hole in the driving spindle in a nonrotatable and movable manner.

In the casing, a coupling spring or a similar means for affecting the slide with a force acting in direction towards the driven spindle can be located to automatic couple the second coupling part to the first coupling part so that the respective driven spindle can be employed to perform an operation with a rotary tool clamped in e.g. a chuck on the spindle.

When a second driven spindle subsequently is to be turned into operatable position on the drill, the second coupling part first has to be disconnected from its engagement with the first coupling part. Advantageously, this disconnection can take place by means of finger knobs mounted on the slide or the second coupling part and extending out through the casing.

A driven spindle with a rotary tool used for a specific operation is disconnected in a simple manner by pushing the finger knobs. Then, the spindle with the next rotary tool to be used is turned into operatable position on the drill after which the finger knobs are released. Thereby, the second coupling part is forced into engagement with the first coupling part of the new spindle by means of the spring power of the coupling spring whereby the new spindle is automatically coupled together with the driving spindle. Now, the associated rotary tool is immediately ready for being operatively used.

However, it is important that the turret head is locked securely in the new angular position in relation to the casing of the drill when the new rotary tool is used.

For this purpose, the drill can be provided with a lock which advantageously can consist of at least one on the slide and a corresponding recess in the turret head for each driven spindle or a catch in the turret head for each driven spindle and a corresponding recess in the slide.

When the coupling spring automatically couples the second coupling part to the first part, the above lock will now simultaneously lock the turret head and the drill together. Then, the wanted rotary operation can be performed safely and effectively and without any risk of the operator getting hurt because of the turret head unintentionally beginning to rotate.

In many cases a hand-held drill has a base for placing the drill on when it is not in use. However, the weight of the turret head and its associate components will move the centre of gravity of the entire drill forward so that the drill is likely to overturn when it is placed on a supporting face.

In an advantageous embodiment the base or a lower part of this base can be disposed movably in relation to the rest of the drill. When the base or base part is moved forward, the centre of gravity of the drill will be within the surface of support of the base. When the drill is to be used, the base or base part is pulled back to a position which is convenient to the operator.

The invention will be explained in greater detail below, describing only exemplary embodiments with reference to the drawing, in which

  • Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a drill according to the invention with a turret head and a disconnected driven spindle with a screw bit, partly in axial section,
  • Fig. 2 is a view of the drill in fig. 1 but with an connected second driven spindle with a drill bit,
  • Fig. 3 is on a larger scale a fractional view of a coupling for the drill in figs. 1 and 2 in disconnected state,
  • Fig. 4 is a view of the coupling in fig. 3 but in connected state,
  • Fig. 5 is a fractional, perspective view of the turret head in figs. 1 and 2 in locked state,
  • Fig. 6 is a view of the turret head in fig. 5 but in unlocked state and during turning of the turret head,
  • Fig. 7 is a second embodiment of the drill according to the invention provided with a movable base in a position of use, and
  • Fig. 8 is the embodiment in fig. 7 but with the base in a position of rest.

Figs. 1 and 2 show a drill 1 according to the invention with a turret head 2. The drill has a casing 3 with a handle 4. A trigger 5 is found in the handle for actuating the drill. A driving motor 6 is also found in the casing for via a gearing 7 rotating a driving spindle 8 which is rotatably journaled in the casing.

By means of a bearing 9, the turret head 2 is revolvably mounted on an oblique face 10 made on the front end of the casing and forming and angle of preferably 45° - 65° with the axis of the driving spindle.

In the case shown, the turret head is provided with two driven spindles 11 and 12 mutually forming an angle which is twice as large, that is an angle of between 90° and 130°. Thereby, the tool which at a given moment is inactive will advantageously be extending in approximately the same direction as the handle so that it will not be in the way for operating the drill or happen to hit the handle when the turret heat is attempted turned.

A chuck 13 with a clamped screw bit 14 is mounted on the spindle 11, and a chuck 15 with a clamped drill bit 16 is mounted on the spindle 12.

The drill comprises a coupling 17 for connecting and disconnecting the driven spindle which at a given moment is in operatable position in which its axis is extending in continuation of the axis of the drive shaft.

The coupling 17, which is seen best in fig. 3 and fig. 4, has a first coupling part 18;19 on the end of the driven spindle 11 and 12 respectively, and an opposite second coupling part 20 which is connected to the driving spindle 8 in a nonrotatable but axially movable manner.

The coupling can be designed in any expedient manner, for example as a claw coupling (not shown).

In this case, the second coupling part 20 consists of a coupling bar 21 extending in an axially movable but nonrotatable manner into an axially extending end hole 22 in the driving spindle 8, and a bushing 23. The coupling bar is furthermore extending in a nonrotatable manner and secured against axial movement into or through the centre aperture of the bushing. In the case shown, the coupling bar and the end hole of the driving spindle and the centre aperture of the bushing respectively are hexagonal, but said securing against rotation can be established in any other expedient manner within the scope of the invention, for example as a key and slot coupling (not shown).

Connection takes place by pushing the second coupling part 20 forward and disconnection takes place by pulling the second coupling part 20 back. The coupling 17 is in a connected state in figs. 2 and 4 and a disconnected state in figs. 1 and 3.

A guideway 24 is furthermore mounted in the casing and is extending parallel to the axis of the drive shaft. A slide 25 is movably mounted in the guideway. The slide has a through channel 26 and the bushing 24 is extending through this channel in a rotatable but axially immovable manner. A coupling spring 27 serves for automatically moving the slide 25 and thereby the second coupling part 20 axially and coupling the coupling part 20 together with the first coupling part 18.

A check pawl 28 is made on the slide and is received in a longitudinal slit 29 in the guideway 24 in a slidably movable manner. A corresponding locking notch 30 is made in the turret head. These details are seen best in fractions in figs. 5 and 6 which also show that the slide is provided with finger knobs 31 extending out through the casing.

When the operator has to change from e.g. the screw bit 14 in figs. 1 and 3 to the drill bit 16 in figs. 2 and 4, he manually pulls the finger knobs 31 and thereby the slide 25 back in the direction indicated by the arrow. As the second coupling part 20 of the coupling 17 is axially secured by the bushing 23 which again is axially secured by the slide 25, the second coupling part is disconnected from its engagement with the first coupling part 18. At the same time the pawl 28 is pulled out of its locking engagement with the locking notch 30 in the turret head 2.

In fig. 6, both the coupling and the lock have been disconnected. Thereby, the turret head is allowed to be turned in the direction indicated by the arrow so that the drill bit 16 (not shown in figs. 5 and 6) now can be brought into operatable position in which the corresponding driven spindle 12 is coaxially flushing with the driving spindle.

When the operator then releases the finger knobs 31, the coupling spring 27 will push the slide 25 forward in direction towards the first coupling part 18. Thereby, the driving spindle 8 and the driven spindle 12 are coupled together, and the turret head 2 is simultaneously locked in the casing 3 of the drill.

As can be seen, the drill according to the invention has a simple, safe and stably functioning structure which is easy to operate. As the turret head is automatically locked to the casing of the drill when the driven spindle is coupled to the driving spindle, the operator can operate the drill without any risk during this of getting hurt because of the turret head beginning to rotate during an operation.

Figs. 7 and 8 show a second embodiment of the drill 32 according to the invention. This embodiment corresponds to the one described above and shown in figs. 1-6, and will therefore not be described in detail once more.

In this case however, the drill 32 has a base 33 for placing the drill on when the operator puts the drill down on a supporting face.

The base is constructed of a guideway 34 on the handle 4 and a slide 34 movably received in the guideway.

In fig. 7, the slide is in a retracted position of use in which the slide does not inconvenience the operator.

In fig. 8, the slide is in an advanced position in which its surface of support 36, at least partly, is vertically beneath the total centre of gravity of the drill and the turret head. In this position the drill can safely be placed on a supporting face 37.

In a preferred embodiment said movable base comprises a rechargeable battery (not shown) for supplying the necessary power to the driving motor. Contacts (not shown) can be arranged in the base for connecting the battery to the motor when the drill is being used and disconnecting this connection when the base is pushed forward and the drill is placed on a supporting face.

The invention is described above and shown in the drawing on the assumption that the turret head is provided with two driven spindles having chucks with a screw bit and a drill bit respectively.

Naturally, this is only to be taken as an example as the turret head within the scope of the invention can have several driven spindles each operating with any kind of rotary tool, of which screw bits, drill bits, cutters, broaches, circular saws, and grinders can be mentioned.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Handbohrmaschine mit einem Gehäuse (3), einer Antriebswelle (8), die in dem Gehäuse drehbar gelagert ist, um bei Betrieb eine angetriebenen Welle (11; 12) zu drehen, wobei die angetriebene Welle in der Betriebsstellung koaxial mit der Antriebswelle (8) fluchtet, einem Antriebsmotor (6) zum direkten oder indirekten Drehen der Antriebswelle (8), einer Kupplung (17) zum Herstellen und Lösen des Eingriffs der angetriebenen Welle (11; 12) mit der Antriebswelle (8) und einem verdrehbar an dem Gehäuse (3) befestigten und mit wenigstens zwei angetriebenen Wellen (11; 12) versehenen Revolverkopf (2), wobei die angetrieben Wellen derart angeordnet sind, dass sie einzeln in die Betriebsstellung gebracht werden können, einem ersten Kupplungsteil (18) der Kupplung (17) an dem Ende der angetriebenen Wellen (11; 12), das zu der Antriebswelle (8) weist, einem gegenüberliegenden zweiten Kupplungsteil (20), das nichtdrehbar mit der Antriebswelle (8) verbunden ist und axial zwischen einer eingerückten und einer ausgerückten Position in Bezug auf die Antriebswelle (8) beweglich ist und Mitteln (31) zum manuellen Verlagern des zweiten Kupplungsteils (20) zwischen der eingerückten und der ausgerückten Position, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Handbohrmaschine weiter eine in dem Gehäuse (3) befestigte, sich parallel zu der Achse der Antriebswelle erstreckende Führungsbahn (24) und einen von der Führungsbahn (24) beweglich aufgenommenen, mit einem sich koaxial zu der Antriebswelle (8) erstreckenden Durchlass (26) versehenen Schlitten (25) aufweist, wobei sich der zweite Kupplungsteil (20) drehbar durch den Durchlass (26) des Schlittens (25) erstreckt und in diesem gegen eine axiale Verschiebung gesichert ist.
  2. Eine Bohrmaschine nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es eine Verriegelung bestehend aus einem ersten Verriegelungsteil (30) an dem Revolverkopf (2) für jede angetriebene Welle (11; 12) und einem zweiten Verriegelungsteil (28) an dem Schlitten (25) aufweist und dass das zweite Verriegelungsteil (28) angeordnet ist zum Ergreifen und Verriegeln mit einem der ersten Verriegelungsteile (30), wenn die entsprechende angetriebene Welle (11; 12) in der Betriebsposition ist und das erste und das zweite Kupplungsteil (18; 19; 20) miteinander gekoppelt sind.
  3. Bohrmaschine nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Verriegelung aus einer Sperrklinke (28) an dem Schlitten (25) und einer Kerbe (30) in dem Revolverkopf (2) für jede angetriebene Welle besteht.
  4. Eine Bohrmaschine nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Verriegelung aus einer Verriegelungsklinke an dem Revolverkopf für jede angetriebene Welle und einer Ausnehmung in dem Schlitten besteht.
  5. Eine Bohrmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Mittel zum manuellen Bewegen des zweiten Kupplungsteils (20) zwischen seiner eingerückten und seiner ausgerückten Position aus wenigstens einem Fingerknopf (31) bestehen, der an dem zweiten Kupplungsteil (20) oder dem Schlitten (25) gesichert ist und sich aus dem Gehäuse (3) erstreckt.
  6. Eine Bohrmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zweite Kupplungsteil (20) aus einer Kupplungsstange (21) besteht, die sich in einer axial beweglichen, aber nicht drehbaren Weise in eine sich axial erstreckende stirnseitigen Bohrung (22) in der Antriebsspindel (8) erstreckt und sich in einer drehbaren, aber gegen eine axiale Bewegung gesicherten Weise durch den Durchlass des Schlittens (25) erstreckt.
  7. Eine Bohrmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zweite Kupplungsteil (20) eine Buchse (23) aufweist, die in einer drehbaren, aber gegen eine axiale Bewegung gesicherten Weise in dem Durchlass (26) des Schlittens (25) gelagert ist und eine Kupplungsstange (21), aufweist, die sich in oder durch die Buchse (23) in einer nicht drehbaren und gegen eine axiale Bewegung gesicherten Weise und in eine sich axial erstreckenden stirnseitgen Bohrung (22) in der Antriebswelle (8) in einer nicht drehbaren und beweglichen Weise erstreckt.
  8. Eine Bohrmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es wenigstens eine Kupplungsfeder (7) aufweist, um den Schlitten (25) mit einer Federkraft zu belasten, die in Richtung auf die angetriebenen Wellen (11, 12) wirkt.
  9. Eine Bohrmaschine nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bohrmaschine (32) mit einer Basis (33) zum Stützen der Bohrmaschinen (32) auf einer Stützfläche (37) versehen ist, wobei die Basis (33) oder ein unterer Teil dieser Basis (33) dazu eingerichtet ist, zwischen einer zurückgezogenen Verwendungsposition und einer vorgeschobenen Stützposition bewegt zu werden.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A drill of the kind that is hand-held and comprises a casing (3), a driving spindle (8) rotatably journaled in the casing for rotating a driven spindle (11;12) during operation, said driven spindle being in an operatable position in which it is coaxially flush with the driving spindle (8), a driving motor (6) for directly or indirectly rotating the driving spindle (8), a coupling (17) for connecting and disconnecting the engagement of the driven spindle (11;12) with the driving spindle (8), a turret head (2) revolvably mounted on the casing (3) and provided with at least two driven spindles (11;12) and arranged in such a way that the spindles (11;12) one by one can be rotated into operatable position, a first coupling part (18) of the coupling (17) made on the end of the driven spindle (11; 12) that is facing the driving spindle (8), an opposite second coupling part (20) nonrotatably connected to the driving spindle (8) and axially movable between a connected and disconnected position in relation to this driving spindle, and means (31) for manually displacing the second coupling part (20) between its connected and disconnected position,characterised in that the drill furthermore comprises a guideway (24) mounted in the casing (3) and extending parallel to the axis of the driving spindle (8), a slide (25) movably received in the guideway (24) and having a through channel (26) extending coaxially with the driving spindle (8), whereby the second coupling part (20) is extending rotatably through the channel (26) of the slide (25) and is secured in this channel against axial movement.
  2. A drill according to claim 1, characterised in that it comprises a lock consisting of one first locking part (30) on the turret head (2) for each driven spindle (11;12) and a second locking part (28) on the slide (25), and that the second locking part (28) is arranged to engage in a locking manner with one of the first locking parts (30) when the corresponding driven spindle (11;12) is in the operatable position and the first and second coupling part (18;19;20) are coupled together.
  3. A drill according to claim 2, characterised in that the lock consists of a locking pawl (28) on the slide (25) and one notch (30) in the turret head (2) for each driven spindle.
  4. A drill according to claim 2, characterised in that the lock consists of one locking pawl on the turret head for each driven spindle and a recess in the slide.
  5. A drill according to any of the claims 1 - 4,characterised in that the means for manually moving the second coupling part (20) between its connected and disconnected position consist of at least one finger knob (31) secured on the second coupling part (20) or the slide (25) and extending out through the casing (3).
  6. A drill according to any of the claims 1 - 5,characterised in that the second coupling part (20) consists of a coupling bar (21) extending in an axially movable but nonrotatable manner into an axially extending end hole (22) in the driving spindle (8) and extending in a rotatable manner but secured against axial movement through the channel (26) of the slide (25).
  7. A drill according to any of the claims 1 - 5,characterised in that the second coupling part (20) comprises a bushing (23) journaled in a rotatable manner but secured against axial movement in the channel (26) of the slide (25) and a coupling bar (21) extending into or through the bushing (23) in a nonrotatable manner and secured against axial movement and into an axially extending end hole (22) in the driving spindle (8) in a nonrotatable and movable manner.
  8. A drill according to any of the claims 1 - 7,characterised in that it comprises at least one coupling spring (7) for affecting the slide (25) with a spring power acting in direction towards the driven spindle (11,12).
  9. A drill according to any of the claims 1 - 8, characterised in that the drill (32) is provided with a base (33) for supporting the drill (32) on a supporting face (37), whereby the base (33) or a lower part of this base is arranged to be moved between a retracted position of use and an advanced position of support.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Perceuse du type tenue à la main comprenant un boîtier (3), un axe d'entraînement (8) monté rotatif par le biais d'un tourillon dans le boîtier et entraînant en rotation un axe entraîné (11 ; 12) pendant le fonctionnement, ledit axe entraîné se trouvant en une position de fonctionnement dans laquelle il affleure coaxialement l'axe d'entraînement (8), un moteur d'entraînement (6) faisant tourner directement ou indirectement l'axe d'entraînement (8), un couplage (17) permettant de connecter ou de déconnecter l'engagement de l'axe entraîné (11 ; 12) avec l'axe d'entraînement (8), une tête de tourelle (2) montée en rotation sur le boîtier (3), comportant au moins deux axes entraînés (11 ; 12) et disposée de manière que les axes (11 ; 12) peuvent être tournés un par un en position de fonctionnement, une première partie de couplage (18) du couplage (17) formée sur l'extrémité de l'axe entraîné (11 ; 12) faisant face à l'axe d'entraînement (8), une seconde partie de couplage opposée (20) connectée de manière non rotative à l'axe d'entraînement (8) et pouvant se déplacer axialement entre une position connectée et une position déconnectée par rapport à cet axe d'entraînement, et un moyen (31) permettant de déplacer manuellement la seconde partie de couplage (20) entre sa position connectée et sa position déconnectée, caractérisée en ce que ladite perceuse comprend en outre un guide (24) monté dans le boîtier (3) et s'étendant parallèlement à l'axe de l'axe d'entraînement (8), un coulisseau (25) venant se loger de manière mobile dans le guide (24) et comportant un canal traversant (26) s'étendant coaxialement à l'axe d'entraînement (8), la seconde partie de couplage (20) s'étendant tout en pouvant tourner à travers le canal (26) du coulisseau (25) et étant fixée dans ce canal de manière à empêcher tout mouvement axial.
  2. Perceuse selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend un verrou comprenant une première partie de verrouillage (30) sur la tête de tourelle (2) pour chaque axe entraîné (11 ; 12) et une seconde partie de verrouillage (28) sur le coulisseau (25), et en ce que la seconde partie de verrouillage (28) est disposée de manière à entrer en contact de verrouillage avec une des premières parties de verrouillage (30) lorsque l'axe entraîné (11 ; 12) correspondant est en position de fonctionnement et que les première et seconde parties de couplage (18 ; 19 ; 20) sont couplées les unes aux autres.
  3. Perceuse selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce que le verrou comprend un cliquet de verrouillage (28) sur le coulisseau (25) et une encoche (30) dans la tête de tourelle (2) pour chaque axe entraîné.
  4. Perceuse selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce que le verrou comprend un cliquet de verrouillage sur la tête de tourelle pour chaque axe entraîné et un renfoncement dans le coulisseau.
  5. Perceuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,caractérisée en ce que le moyen permettant de déplacer manuellement la seconde partie de couplage (20) entre ses positions connectée et déconnectée comprend au moins un bouton actionné avec le doigt (31) fixé sur la seconde partie de couplage (20) ou le coulisseau (25) et dépassant hors du boîtier (3).
  6. Perceuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,caractérisée en ce que la seconde partie de couplage (20) comprend une barre de couplage (21) qui s'étend, de manière à pouvoir se déplacer axialement mais sans pouvoir tourner, jusque dans un trou d'extrémité axial (22) dans l'axe d'entraînement (8), et qui s'étend, de manière à pouvoir tourner mais sans pouvoir se déplacer axialement, à travers le canal (26) du coulisseau (25).
  7. Perceuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,caractérisée en ce que la seconde partie de couplage (20) comprend une douille (23) montée par le biais d'un tourillon, et de manière à pouvoir tourner mais sans pouvoir se déplacer axialement, dans le canal (26) du coulisseau (25), ainsi qu'une barre de couplage (21) qui s'étend dans ou à travers la douille (23) sans pouvoir tourner ni se déplacer axialement ainsi que dans un trou d'extrémité axial (22) de l'axe d'entraînement (8) sans pouvoir tourner mais en pouvant se déplacer.
  8. Perceuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7,caractérisée en ce qu'elle comprend au moins un ressort de couplage (7) conférant au coulisseau (25) une force élastique s'exerçant en direction de l'axe entraîné (11 ; 12).
  9. Perceuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8,caractérisée en ce que ladite perceuse (32) comprend une base (33) pour supporter la perceuse (32) sur une face de support (37), la base (33) ou une partie inférieure de la base étant conçue de manière à pouvoir passer en une position rétractée pendant l'utilisation et en une position avancée pour le support.






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F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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