PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1390650 10.11.2005
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001390650
Titel DRUCKVENTIL
Anmelder Pres-Vac Engineering A/S, Allerod, DK
Erfinder SOERENSEN, Aarestrup, Emil, CH-6362 Stanstad, CH;
RAAGAARD, Pedersen, Hans-Henrik, DK-3540 Lynge, DK
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60206493
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 24.05.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 027451665
WO-Anmeldetag 24.05.2002
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/DK02/00350
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0002095275
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 28.11.2002
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 25.02.2004
EP date of grant 05.10.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.11.2005
IPC-Hauptklasse F16K 17/12

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a pressure valve for equalising pressure differences between a closed container or tank and the surrounding atmosphere. In particular, the invention relates to a pressure valve for use in connection with a cargo hold or a tank in a maritime carrier. However, the invention also lends itself for use in connection with stationary tanks or tanks supported by wheels.

US-A-5 050 639 discloses a ship having a spill valve with a magnet and a magnetisable body and a separate venting valve.

US patent No. 5,873,384 to the present applicant teaches a pressure valve of the kind featured in the preamble to claim 1.

When a tank is loaded with a given volume of liquid per time unit, pressure valves of this type open when the gas pressure within the tank reaches a predefined opening pressure and a gas volume per time unit which corresponds to the product volume loaded per time unit plus any evaporation from the liquid surface in the tank is then to be blown out. The blown-out volume per time unit depends on the flow resistance of the valve and of the pressure prevailing within the tank. The maximum blown-out volume per time unit minus any evaporation, which may occur without the pressure within the tank exceeding a given safety threshold value Pmax, is designated the capacity of the pressure valve. The capacity of the pressure valve determines the maximally allowable loaded volume per time unit. When, upon interruption of the loading, the pressure within the tank drops to a certain value, i.e. the closing pressure of the pressure valve, which is lower than the opening pressure, the pressure valve closes. In the known pressure valves, the closing pressure is considerably lower than the opening pressure. Additionally any increase or drop in the ambient temperature during storage or transport of eg petroleum products or chemicals leads to boiling-off which may bring about pressure changes within the container, which in this case will cause the pressure valve to open and close in fundamentally the same manner as during loading and unloading.

Another use of pressure valves applies when, for safety reasons, it is required to supply an inert gas, such as nitrogen, to the free space of the container above the product being transported. For instance, the product may be an inflammable liquid or a material, such as oranges and lemons, that gives off inflammable gasses, following protracted storage. The inert gas is automatically kept at a predetermined pressure that may be above the atmospheric pressure, but below the opening pressure of the pressure valve. In this case any rise or a drop in the temperature of the surroundings will give rise to a corresponding change in the pressure of the inert gas within the container, whereby the pressure valve must open.

In the known pressure valves, it has been found that the difference between the opening pressure of the valve and the closing pressure, due to the design of the pressure valves, is too large for the pressure valves to be optimally suited for use in the transport of certain materials. It is thus the object of the present invention to provide a pressure valve of the kind described above, wherein the difference between the opening pressure and the closing pressure can be reduced to about 10%-20% of the closing pressure. When eg fruit is transported, it is hereby possible to obtain a reduction in the amount of inert gas that must be supplied when the ambient temperature drops, following initial blow-out through the pressure valve.

This is obtained by the features given in the characterising part of claim 1.

By the embodiments featured in the dependent claims, a particularly convenient configuration of the characteristic curve of the pressure valve during the course of the opening is obtained. In particular by the measures featured in claim 10, a considerable reduction of the difference between the opening pressure and the closing pressure is obtained. The relations given in claim 10 should be complied with throughout the entire area of movement of the lifting plate.

The invention will now be explained in further detail with reference to the embodiment shown in the drawing.

  • Figure 1 a shows a pressure valve according to the invention, seen in a cross sectional view and in the closed state of the valve;
  • Figure 1 b is a sectional view of the pressure valve shown in Figure 1a;
  • Figure 2 shows a pressure valve of the general type illustrated in Figure 1 a, in the open state of the valve;
  • Figure 3 shows characteristic curves of two different pressure valves configured in accordance with the invention; and wherein the super atmospheric pressure prevailing in the container is shown as a function of the volume of gas flowing out through the pressure valve;
  • Figures 4a and b show the same type of characteristic curves for two prior art pressure valves, including a prior art pressure valve as shown in Figure 4c.

In Figure 1 a the reference numeral 1 is used to show a vertically oriented valve housing having, at the bottom, a flange 5, by which the valve housing 1 can be bolted to a pressure release stub on a gas-filled container, eg a tank or a cargo hold on a ship, or to the top end of a pressure relief tube that is connected to one or more such containers.

The pressure valve 1 has a tubular wall 2 that defines a through-going flow passage 3 with a outflow mouthing 11, whereby gas in the subjacent container may escape to the free atmosphere under particular pressure conditions. The flow passage 3 preferably has a circular cross section, but other cross-sectional configurations may be selected, including eg a rectangular cross-section. If desired a lateral opening can be provided in the tubular wall 2, to which a vacuum relief valve 7 is connected that does not constitute a part of the invention.

In the outflow mouthing 11, an annular valve seat 13 is mounted that is configured to co-operate with a valve face 15 on the lower face of a valve body 14. The valve body 14 is movably joumalled so as to be displaceable between the entirely open state of the pressure valve and the closed state of the pressure valve. Suitable stop elements serve to delimit the movement of the valve body 14.

In Figure 1a the pressure valve is shown in the closed state, where the valve face 15 abuts closely on the valve seat 13. The valve seat 13 and the valve face 15 may preferably have a conical shape, and the valve body 14 preferably has a surface portion 16 which, in a conventional manner, is configured so as to allow a flow of gas flowing from the container upwards around the valve body 14 to be combined to an aggregate upwardly oriented jet of gas above the valve housing 1. Hereby the current safety regulations are complied with. To this end, the valve body 14 preferably has the shown, drop-like shape.

To the valve body 14, a rod-shaped connecting element 6 is rigidly attached that extends down through the valve housing 1. The connecting element 6 is conveyed in guides 30, 32 and is displaced along the flow passage 3. On the connecting element 6, a weight load 12 and a lifting plate 21 are firmly mounted, there being between the lifting plate 21 and the wall 2 a gap 22. When, in this area, the flow passage 3 has a circular cross section, the lifting plate can be configured as a disc, whereby the gap 22 becomes annular.

Preferably the lifting plate 21 is configured with an uninterrupted surface, whereby gas in the flow passage 3 flows around the lifting plate 21 to the area above the lifting plate 21 through the gap 22. However, nothing prevents the lifting plate 21 from having a number of through-going channels. What matters is that the lifting plate 21 transversally to the flow passage 3 defines an area A2 (see Figure 1b) that gives rise to a pressure loss in a flow of gas within the flow passage 3.

As shown in Figure 1 a, the pressure valve also comprises an actuator unit 4 for producing a control movement of the connecting element 6 and thus of the valve body 14. The actuator unit can be operated from the exterior of the valve housing 1 by means of a not shown handle.

In association with the connecting element the pressure valve also comprises a magnet 8 that may, as shown, be mounted in the flow passage 3 below the lifting plate 21, and a magnetisable body 9 that is configured for being able to cooperate with the magnet 8 in the closed state of the pressure valve. The magnet 8 and the body 9 may optionally be located in the area at the outflow mouthing 11, which is preferred when there is a need for achieving regular access to the magnet 8. This may either be a permanent magnet or eg an electro-magnet.

In the closed position shown in Figure 1 a, the valve body 14 influences the valve seat 13 by a downwardly oriented abutment force Fc that contains contributions from the mass of the valve body 14, the mass of the connecting element 6, the mass of the weight load 12, the mass of either the magnet 8 or the body 9, depending on which of these parts is mounted on the connecting element 6, and from the force of attraction Fm between the magnet 8 and the body 9. The abutment force Fc is thus to be understood as the force that keeps the pressure valve closed, ie the closing force of the pressure valve. It is shown in Figure 1 a how the abutment force Fc may be changed eg by varying the position relative to each other of the magnet 8 and the body 9, a gap 10 of a given size optionally being present in the closed position of the pressure valve.

When, in the container, the pressure rises above atmospheric pressure such pressure will, due to the gap 22, also reign in the space between the lifting plate 21 and the valve body 14. The pressure in this space is thereby equal to the pressure within the container, and the pressure influences the top face and lower face of the lifting plate 21 by the same force. As long as the superatmospheric pressure does not give rise to an upwardly oriented force on the valve body 14 that exceeds the closing force Fc of the pressure valve, the pressure valve will remain in the closed state. The upwardly oriented force on the valve body 14 can be determined as the superatmospheric pressure in the container multiplied by the area A1 of the mouthing 11 of the flow passage 3, see Figure 1 b.

When the superatmospheric pressure exceeds the closing force Fc of the pressure valve, the pressure valve opens. The outflow of gas causes the pressure on the face of the lifting plate 21 that faces towards the mouthing to drop. The upwardly oriented movement of the valve body 14 towards the entirely open position of the pressure valve is then controlled to a certain extent by the force exerted by the flowing gas on the lower face of the lifting plate 21. This influence can be determined as the superatmospheric pressure of the container multiplied by the area A2 of the lifting plate. Since this area exceeds the area A1 of the outflow mouthing 11, the lifting power of the gas on the lifting plate 21 increases, and the rate of movement of the lifting plate 21 and hence of the valve body 14 in a direction towards the entirely open state of the pressure valve increases.

In Figure 2 the pressure valve is shown in its completely open state, wherein the valve body 14 is kept in the open position by the flowing gas. The downwardly oriented force on the valve body 14 contains contributions from the mass of the valve body 14, the mass of the connecting element 6, the mass of the weight load 12, the mass of either the magnet 8 or the body 9, depending on which of the two parts is mounted on the connecting element 6. The force of attraction Fm between the magnet 8 and the body 9 does not significantly contribute as soon as the valve body 14 has moved slightly away from the position shown in Figure 1.

In the shown, open position the pressure valve allows outflow of a given volume of gas per time unit as a function of the pressure within the container. This amount depends on the dimensions of the pressure valve and is selected in accordance with the size of the container, whereby it is ensured that gas contained in the container is allowed to flow out before the superatmospheric pressure exceeds a critical value for the container. It is noted that the valve body 14 can be configured with a downwardly open hollow cavity that contributes, to a small extent, to keeping the pressure valve in the open position. Furthermore, according to one embodiment the pressure valve can be provided with a number of further superjacent lifting plates 21' with decreasing surface areas A2, as indicated in the Figure.

In order to enable that, to a particularly high degree, the desired effect of the pressure valve is obtained, the area A2 of the lifting plate 21 should be much smaller than the cross-sectional area A3 of the flow passage 3 in the entire movement area of the lifting plate 21. This follows from the free through-flow area (A3-A2) in the flow passage 3 in the area at the lifting plate 21 constituting at any time between about 25% and about 55%, preferably between about 30% and about 50%, of the area A3 of the flow passage in the area at the lifting plate 21. Reference is made to Figure 1 b. Albeit in Figure 1 a an embodiment is shown in which the flow passage 3 becomes more narrow approximately halfway between the lateral opening to the vacuum relief valve 7 and the area at the outflow mouthing 11, it is preferred that the flow passage 3 has the same cross-sectional area across the entire distance between the lateral opening to the vacuum relief valve 7 and the outflow mouthing 11, ie that in this area the tubular wall 2 is constituted by a cylindrical tube.

For comparison, Figure 3 shows characteristic curves for two different examples V1 and V2 of pressure valves configured as shown in Figure 1a, but wherein the free through-flow area (A3-A2) between the container and the area above the lifting plate 21 are of different sizes. It will appear that the use of the magnet 8 provides that blow-out of a small volume gives rise to a modest pressure drop in the container, and that the curves from this point proceed with a relatively modest inclination to the dotted curve that reflects the blow-out volume for a fully open pressure valve.

It applies to valve V1 that: A2 = A1 x 2.49 and A3 = (A1 x 2.1) + A2 whereas, for valve V2, it applies that: A2 = A1 x 2.99 and A3 = (A1 x 1.46) + A2

Curves A-B-C-G and G-C-B-D show the opening and closing courses, respectively, for valve V1, whereas curves A-B-E-G and G-E-F show the opening and closing courses, respectively, for valve V2. Thus points D and F represent the pressures at which the respective pressure valves will close again. In both cases the point A represents the superatmospheric pressure in the container that causes the pressure valve to open.

It will appear from Figure 3 that the difference between the opening pressure and the closing pressure, ie between the superatmospheric pressure in points A and F and A and D, respectively, constitutes 10%-20% of the value of the opening pressure A. To a wide extent, this will be achieved by the force of attraction Fm of the magnet 8 defining between about 20% and about 35% of the force Fc.

The effect by using, in accordance with the invention, a magnet in combination with a lifting plate is best illustrated by comparison of the course of the closing curves in Figure 3 to the course of the closing curve for two conventional pressure valves. Figure 4a shows the closing curve C-B-D for a pressure valve of the type shown in US patent No. 5,873,384, while Figure 4b shows the closing curve D-C-E for a prior art pressure valve of the type shown in Figure 4c wherein is used a magnet shown by the numeral 8', but wherein a lifting plate is not used. It will appear that the difference between points A and E and A and D, respectively, typically corresponds to more than 50% of the value of the pressure in the point A.

In other words, by the invention it is ensured that the pressure valve will close when the pressure within the container has dropped by a relatively small value. In the conditions illustrated in Figures 4a and 4b, an unnecessarily large outflow of the gas contained in the container will occur before the pressure valve is closed. When an oil tank is concerned, an inexpedient boiling off of the liquid may hence occur. Alternatively, in case the container is used for transporting fruit or the like to be stored in an atmosphere of inert gas, it may be necessary to supply an unnecessarily large supplementary amount of said inert gas during the night when the ship's hull is cooled.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Druckventil zum Gewährleisten eines Druckausgleichs zwischen einem geschlossenen Behälter, insbesondere einem Warenbehälter oder einem Tank auf einem Schiffsträger, und der Umgebungs-Atmosphäre, welches ein Ventilgehäuse (1) umfasst:
    • mit einer Wand (2), die einen Durchflussweg (3) mit einem nach oben orientierten Ausflussmund (11) für Gas in dem Behälter definiert, welche gegenüber dem Ausflussmund (11) angeordnet ist, welcher mit dem besagten Behälter verbindbar ist;
    • mit einem Ventilkörper (14), der in dem Ausflussmund (11) angeordnet ist, wobei der besagte Ventilkörper ein Oberflächen-Teil (16) aufweist, welches geeignet ist, einen Gasfluss aufzunehmen, welcher durch den Durchflussweg und um den Ventilkörper (14) herum fliesst, um einen nach oben gerichteten Strahl auszubilden, wobei der besagte Ventilkörper (14) eine nach unten gerichtete Ventil-Fläche (15) aufweist, welche so ausgestaltet ist, um gegen einen zugeordneten Ventilsitz (13) in dem Ausflussmund (11) des Ventilgehäuses (1) zu stossen, um einen geschlossenen Zustand des Druckventils zu definieren;
    • mit einer Hebeplatte (21), die in bezug auf den Ventilsitz (13) weiter unten in dem Durchflussweg (3) angeordnet ist, welche Hebeplatte (21) eine Oberfläche A2 quer zum Durchflussweg (3) aufweist, welche die Querschnittsfläche A1 des Durchflussweges (3) an dem Ventilsitz (13) übersteigt;
    • wobei die Hebeplatte (21) mit dem Ventilkörper (14) verbunden ist, um es ihm zu erlauben, als eine zusammengesetzte Ventil-Einheit zwischen dem besagten geschlossenen Zustand in einen Zustand bewegt zu werden, in dem das Druckventil offen ist; und
    • wobei das Druckventil so konfiguriert ist, dass der Behälter zu jeder Zeit mit dem Bereich oberhalb der Hebeplatte (21) in Verbindung steht;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet
    • dass das Druckventil auch einen Magneten (8) und einen magnetisierbaren Körper (9) umfasst; und
    • dass die Anziehungs-Kraft Fm zwischen dem Magnet (8) und dem magnetisierbaren Körper (9) und der Masse der Hebeplatte (21) zur Definition der Anschlags-Kraft Fc des Ventilkörpers (14) gegen den Ventilsitz (13) im geschlossenen Zustand des Druckventils beiträgt.
  2. Druckventil nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Durchflussweg (3) und der Ausflussmund (11) einen im wesentlichen kreisförmigen Querschnitt aufweisen, und dass der Oberflächen-Teil (16) des Ventilkörpers (14) ein Rotations-Körper ist.
  3. Druckventil nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Hebeplatte (21) ausgestaltet ist als eine Scheibe mit einem äusseren Durchmesser, welcher den Durchmesser des Durchflussweges (3) am Ventilsitz (15) übersteigt.
  4. Druckventil nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Oberflächen-Teil (16) des Ventilkörpers (14) im wesentlichen tropfenförmig ist.
  5. Druckventil nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Magnet (8) in fester Weise innerhalb des Ventilgehäuses unterhalb der Hebeplatte (14) angeordnet ist; und dass der Abstand zwischen dem Magnet (8) und der Ventil-Einheit aus der Hebeplatte (21) und dem Ventilkörper (14) verändert werden kann.
  6. Druckventil nach einem der vorgehenden Ansprüche 1 bis 4,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Magnet (8) in fester Weise in dem Ventilkörper (14) montiert ist; und dass der magnetisierbare Körper (9) in dem Bereich des Ausflussmundes (11) angeordnet ist, oder umgekehrt.
  7. Druckventil nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Hebeplatte (21) und der Ventilkörper (14) in fester Weise durch ein stabförmiges Verbindungs-Element (6) verbunden sind; und dass das Druckventil eine Betätigungs-Einheit (4) zum Erzeugen einer Steuer-Bewegung des Ventilkörpers (14) zwischen der offenen und der geschlossenen Position erzeugt.
  8. Druckventil nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass zwischen der Wand (2) und der Hebeplatte (21) ein freier Durchgang (22) besteht, wobei der Behälter zu jeder Zeit in Verbindung mit dem Bereich oberhalb der Hebeplatte (21) steht.
  9. Druckventil nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Anziehungs-Kraft Fm des Magnetes sich zwischen 20 und 35 % der Kraft Fc definiert.
  10. Druckventil nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche,dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der freie Durchflussbereich (A3-A2) in dem Durchflussweg (3) bei der Hebeplatte (21) zwischen ungefähr 25 Prozent und ungefähr 55 Prozent, vorzugsweise zwischen ungefähr 30 Prozent und ungefähr 50 Prozent des Bereiches A3 des Durchflussweges an der Hebeplatte (21) beträgt.
  11. Druckventil nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verhältnis (A1/A3) einen Wert zwischen 0.16 und 0.35 annimmt, wobei A3 der Querschnitts-Bereich des Durchflussweges (3) im gesamten Bereich der Bewegung der Hebeplatte (21) darstellt.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A pressure valve for ensuring a pressure equalisation between a closed container, in particular a cargo hold or a tank on a maritime carrier, and the ambient atmosphere, and comprising a valve housing (1) with:
    • a wall (2) that defines a flow passage (3) with an upwardly oriented outflow mouthing (11) for gas in the container, and being opposite the outflow mouthing (11) connectable to said container;
    • a valve body (14) arranged at the outflow mouthing (11), said valve body having a surface part (16) suitable for collecting a gas flow that flows through the flow passage and around the valve body (14) to form an upwardly oriented jet, said valve body (14) having a downwardly oriented valve face (15) configured for abutting on an associated valve seat (13) in the outflow mouthing (11) of the valve housing (1) in order to define a closed state of the pressure valve;
    • a lifting plate (21) being, relative to the valve seat (13), arranged further down in the flow passage (3), which lifting plate (21) has a surface area A2 transversally to the flow passage (3) that exceeds the cross sectional area A1 of the flow passage (3) at the valve seat (13);
    wherein the lifting plate (21) is connected to the valve body (14) in order to allow them to be moved as an aggregate valve unit between said closed state and a state in which the pressure valve is open; and

    wherein the pressure valve is configured such that the container is, at any time, in communication with the area above the lifting plate (21);

    characterised in

    that the pressure valve also comprises a magnet (8) and a magnetisable body (9); and

    that the force of attraction Fm between the magnet (8) and the magnetisable body (9) and the mass of the lifting plate (21) contribute to defining the abutment force Fc of the valve body (14) against the valve seat (13) in the closed state of the pressure valve.
  2. A pressure valve according to the preceding claim, characterised in that the flow passage (3) and the outflow mouthing 11 have an essentially circular cross section; and that said surface part (16) of the valve body (14) is a surface of revolution.
  3. A pressure valve according to the preceding claim, characterised in that the lifting plate (21) is configured as a disc with an outer diameter that exceeds the diameter of the flow passage (3) at the valve seat (15).
  4. A pressure valve according to any one of the preceding claims,characterised in that the surface part (16) of the valve body (14) is substantially drop-shaped.
  5. A pressure valve according to any one of the preceding claims,characterised in that the magnet (8) is fixedly mounted interiorly of the valve housing underneath the lifting plate (14); and that the distance between the magnet (8) and the valve unit consisting of the lifting plate (21) and the valve body (14) can be varied.
  6. A pressure valve according to any one of the preceding claims 1-4characterised in that the magnet (8) is fixedly mounted in the valve body (14); and that the magnetisable body (9) is arranged in the area at the outflow mouthing (11), or vice versa.
  7. A pressure valve according to any one of the preceding claims,characterised in that the lifting plate (21) and the valve body (14) are rigidly connected by a rod-shaped connecting element (6); and that the pressure valve comprises an actuator unit (4) for producing a control movement of the valve body (14) between the open and the closed position.
  8. A pressure valve according to any one of the preceding claims,characterised in that, between the wall (2) and the lifting plate (21), there is a free passage (22), whereby the container is, at any time, in communication with the area above the lifting plate (21).
  9. A pressure valve according to any one of the preceding claims,characterised in that the force of attraction Fm of the magnet defines between about 20% and about 35% of the force Fc.
  10. A pressure valve according to any one of the preceding claims,characterised in that the free through-flow area (A3-A2) in the flow passage (3) at the lifting plate (21) constitutes between about approximately 25% and about 55%, preferably between about 30% and about 50%, of the area A3 of the flow passage at the lifting plate (21).
  11. A pressure valve according to the preceding claim, characterised in that the ratio (A1/A3) assumes a value of between 0.16 and 0.35, wherein A3 is the cross sectional area of the flow passage (3) in the entire area of movement of the lifting plate 21.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Soupape de pression pour assurer l'égalisation de la pression entre un réservoir fermé, en particulier un réservoir de cargaison, ou un cube sur un porteur maritime et l'atmosphère ambiante, comprenant un boîtier (1) de soupape :
    • avec une paroi (2), définissant un passage de flux (3) avec une bouche de sortie (11) orientée vers le haut pour le gaz dans le réservoir et qui est opposée à la bouche de sortie (11) qui peut être attachée au dit réservoir;
    • avec un corps de soupape (14) arrangé auprès de la bouche de sortie (11), où le corps de soupape comprend une partie de surface (16), apte pour collecter un flux de gaz qui coule à travers le passage de flux et autour du corps de soupape (14) pour former un jet orienté vers le haut, où le corps de soupape (14) comprend une face de soupape (15) orientée vers le bas, configurée pour buter contre un siège de soupape (13) associé dans la bouche de sortie (11) du boîtier de soupape (1) pour définir un état fermé de la soupape de pression ;
    • avec un dispositif de relevage qui est arrangé plus vers le bas dans le passage de flux (3) par rapport au siège de soupape (13), lequel dispositif de relevage (21) comprend une zone surface A2 transversale au passage de flux (3) qui dépasse la zone de section A1 du passage de flux (3) au siège de soupape (13) ;
    • où le dispositif de relevage (21) est attaché au corps de soupape (14) pour permettre à celui-ci d'être déplacé en tant qu'unité de soupape composée entre le dit état fermé et un état dans lequel la soupape de pression est ouverte ; et
    • où la soupape de pression est configurée de telle manière, que le réservoir est, à chaque instant, en communication avec la zone au-dessus du dispositif de relevage (21) ;
    caractérisé en ce que
    • la soupape de pression comprend aussi un aimant (8) et un corps magnétisable (9) ; et
    • en ce que la force d'attraction Fm entre l'aimant (8) et le corps magnétisable (9) et la masse du dispositif de relevage (21) contribue à définir la force de butée Fc du corps de soupape (14) contre le siège de soupape (13) dans l'état fermé de la soupape de pression.
  2. Soupape de pression selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que le passage de flux (3) et la bouche de sortie (11) ont une section transversale essentiellement circulaire et en ce que la partie de surface (16) du corps de soupape (14) est un corps de rotation.
  3. Soupape de pression selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif de relevage (21) est configuré en tant que disque avec un diamètre extérieur qui dépasse le diamètre du passage de flux (3) au siège de soupape (15).
  4. Soupape de pression selon une des revendications précédentes,caractérisé en ce que la partie de surface (16) du corps de soupape (14) a essentiellement une forme de goutte.
  5. Soupape de pression selon une des revendications précédentes,caractérisé en ce que l'aimant (8) est monté d'une manière fixe à l'intérieur du boîtier de soupape au-dessous du dispositif de relevage (14) et en ce que la distance entre l'aimant (8) et l'unité de soupape consistant du dispositif de relevage (21) et du corps de soupape (14) peut être variée.
  6. Soupape de pression selon l'une des revendications précédentes 1 à 4, caractérisé en ce que l'aimant (8) est attaché d'une manière fixe dans le corps de soupape (14) et en ce que le corps magnétisable est arrange dans la zone de la bouche de sortie (11) ou vice versa.
  7. Soupape de pression selon l'une des revendications précédentes,caractérisé en ce que le dispositif de relevage (21) et le corps de soupape (14) sont attachés d'une manière raide à un élément de connexion en forme de bâton (6) ; et en ce que la soupape de pression comprend une unité de commande (4) pour produire un mouvement de contrôle du corps de soupape (14) entre la position ouverte et la position fermée.
  8. Soupape de pression selon l'une de revendications précédentes,caractérisé en ce que un passage libre (22) est prévu entre la paroi (2) et le dispositif de relevage (21) où le réservoir peut être, à tout instant, en communication avec la zone en dessus du dispositif de relevage (21).
  9. Soupape de pression selon l'une des revendications précédentes,caractérisé en ce que la force d'attraction Fm de l'aimant est défini entre environ 20 et 35 % de la force Fc.
  10. Soupape de pression selon l'une des revendications précédentes,caractérisé en ce que la zone de flux libre (A3-A2) dans le passage de flux (3) au dispositif de relevage constitue entre environ 25 et 55 %, préférablement entre environ 30 et 35 %, de la zone A3 du passage de flux au dispositif de relevage (21).
  11. Soupape de pression selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que le rapport (A1/A3) assume une valeur entre 0.16 et 0.35, où A3 est la zone de section transversale du passage de flux (3) dans la zone entière du mouvement du dispositif de relevage (21).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

Anmelder
Datum

Patentrecherche

Patent Zeichnungen (PDF)

Copyright © 2008 Patent-De Alle Rechte vorbehalten. eMail: info@patent-de.com